Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 946
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Chaddha Vandana - - 2004
Defects in all the trophoblast-differentiating pathways--endovascular, interstitial and chorionic villous--play a role in the pathogenesis of early-onset intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). There are two types of extravillous trophoblast: endovascular trophoblast, that forms the definitive placenta by occlusion of the spiral arteriole at the implantation site, and interstitial extravillous trophoblast, responsible ...
Yu Ng Ernest Hung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive use of gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonists (GnRH ag) for pituitary downregulation, the literature regarding their effect on ultrasound parameters for predicting ovarian responses are few and conflicting. The aim of this prospective study was to compare antral follicle count (AFC), ovarian volume and ovarian stromal blood ...
Damron Dana P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Elevated uterine artery resistance has been associated with the development of preeclampsia. We sought to determine if the human uterine arterial circulation was more sensitive to alpha-adrenergic blockade than a control vascular bed. METHODS: We studied 38 healthy nulliparous women during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Arteriolized ...
Ng Ernest Hung Yu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Low implantation rates in stimulated IVF cycles may be related to suboptimal endometrial perfusion. Endometrial and subendometrial blood flow was compared between stimulated and natural cycles in the same patients undergoing IVF. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound examination with power Doppler was performed in stimulated and natural cycles of 67 ...
Nishida T - - 2004
Seven Holstein cows (BW = 639.4 +/- 28.8 kg, age = 62.6 +/- 6.9 mo, parity = 3.1 +/- 0.4 yr) (mean +/- SE) were used to measure uterine blood flow using a transit time ultrasonic flow meter. Ultrasonic flow probes were implanted (d 218 +/- 4 of gestation) around ...
Wang Chin-Jung - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the role of oxytocin in decreasing operative blood loss in laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) for the large uterus (weight > or = 500 g). DESIGN: Prospective clinical study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty-eight women scheduled for a hysterectomy for ...
Kähler Chistiane - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal and uteroplacental blood flow after transdermal administration of glyceroltrinitrate (GTN) in pregnancies at risk for preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-five pregnant women who received GTN patches (Nitroderm TTS 10) with a dosage of 0.8 mg/h, because of risk for preterm delivery, were included in the prospective ...
Cicinelli Ettore - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ovarian steroids are thought to be released into the systemic circulation and reach the uterus via the uterine arteries. However, results of experimental and clinical studies suggest the existence of local transfer of steroids from the ovary to the uterus. This study aimed to verify the existence of preferential ...
Ng Ernest Hung Yu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increasing age is associated with reduced ovarian stromal blood flow detected by three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound in infertile patients. However, little information exists in the literature regarding the effect of age on the ovarian stromal blood flow in fertile women. METHODS: On the second to fourth day of ...
Hameed Nazli - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize intra operative blood loss during caesarean section, two techniques of expansion of uterine incision (sharp versus blunt) while performing lower segment transverse caesareans deliveries and their effect upon intraoperative blood loss were studied. Moreover, each method was also compared for its inadvertent extension of uterine ...
Acosta T J - - 2004
Hemodynamic changes are involved in the cyclic remodeling of ovarian structures. A transrectal color Doppler ultrasonography was used to assess the blood flow and changes in the vasculature that take place in the follicle wall and within the corpus luteum (CL) during specific physiological events such as ovulation, CL development, ...
DoboszyƄska Teresa - - 2004
Countercurrent transfer is thought to be one of the most important mechanisms involved in the transfer of substances between the uterus and oviduct. The present study was aimed at recognizing other putative transportation pathways from the uterine cavity through the oviduct onto the surface of and into internal ovarian structures. ...
Zoma Willie D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether Viagra (Pfizer, New York, NY), a type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE-5) inhibitor, increases baseline coronary and uterine blood flow or potentiates estrogen-induced increases in blood flow. STUDY DESIGN: Seven nonpregnant ovariectomized ewes were chronically instrumented to measure blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, ...
Bollwein Heinrich - - 2004
In recent years, a positive relationship between genital perfusion and fertility has been established; in species other than horses, uterine and ovarian perfusion was improved by exogenous estrogen but impaired by exogenous progestin. The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of exogenous estrogen and progestin on ...
Acosta T J - - 2004
Color Doppler transrectal ultrasound was used to evaluate blood flow area in the wall of dominant anovulatory follicles versus ovulatory follicles in mares during the transition between anovulatory and ovulatory seasons. Daily examinations were done in 11 control mares toward the end of the anovulatory season. In 13 separate mares, ...
Prefumo Federico - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the timing of disappearance of high-resistance uterine artery waveforms between the first and second trimester of pregnancy and birth weight. METHODS: Uterine artery Doppler recordings were obtained in a cohort of singleton pregnancies at 11-14 weeks of gestation and subsequently at 18-23 weeks. At ...
Zerbe H - - 2004
An endometritis model was used to investigate the influence of degenerative endometrial changes (endometrosis) on functional parameters of uterine neutrophils in the horse. Six hours after intrauterine application of recombinant human interleukin-8 (rhIL-8), the uteri of 15 mares were flushed with phosphate-buffered saline. Quantitative and qualitative flow cytometric assays were ...
Nakamura Hiroyuki - - 2004
Several studies suggest that heat stress affects placental functions including uteroplacental circulation, subsequently leading to pregnancy failure and birth weight reduction. To clarify the involvement of endothelin and placental prostaglandin (PG) systems in the uteroplacental circulation during heat stress, we examined the effects of i.v. administration of the endothelin receptor ...
de Azevedo George Dantas GD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, BR 101, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. - - 2004
To monitor the effects of raloxifene therapy on the uterus of postmenopausal women by transvaginal ultrasonography and color flow Doppler. Twenty-five healthy postmenopausal women were enrolled in this prospective longitudinal study performed at Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto. The patients were treated with raloxifene ...
Ng Ernest Hung Yu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired implantation in assisted reproduction cycles with high serum estradiol (E(2)) concentrations may be related to suboptimal endometrial perfusion. Endometrial and subendometrial blood flow were compared between excessive responders (serum E(2) on the day of HCG >20 000 pmol/l) and moderate responders (E(2) < or =20 000 pmol/l). METHODS: ...
Nizard J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFUS) to reduce uterine artery blood flow in ewes in the postpartum period. METHODS: HIFUS was applied to the uterine arteries of seven ewes in the postpartum period. Arterial flow velocities were measured before and after the procedure at the site ...
Cicinelli Ettore - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The blood supply to the uterus is provided by the uterine and ovarian arteries, which form anastomoses. Yet the flow direction through this anastomoses and the primary source of blood supply to the tubes and uterine cornua remains unknown. To clarify this issue, we studied the spatial propagation of ...
Gibson Tiffini C - - 2004
The objective of the current study was to develop an ovine animal model for consistent study of uterine blood flow (UBF) changes during synchronized ovarian cycles regardless of season. Sheep were surgically bilaterally instrumented with uterine artery blood flow transducers and 5-7 days later implanted with a vaginal progesterone (P(4))-controlled ...
Pan Hsien-An - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was a prospective comparative clinical study to test the hypothesis that the decreased ovarian sensitivity to gonadotropins observed in women embarking on an in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment may be due to changes in ovarian stromal blood flow. STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasonographic indexes were used ...
Sinha Rakesh Y - - 2004
Most intraoperative conversions of laparoscopic myomectomy to laparotomy reported in the literature occur because of intraoperative bleeding. Devascularization of a uterine myoma at the start of myomectomy would help reduce the blood supply to the uterus and hence to the myoma. Another advantage of the procedure is that the need ...
Raine-Fenning N J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We used three-dimensional power Doppler angiography (3D-PDA) to examine the periodic changes in endometrial and subendometrial vascularity during the normal menstrual cycle in 27 women without obvious menstrual dysfunction or subfertility. METHODS: 3D-PDA was performed on alternate days from day 3 of the cycle until ovulation and then every ...
Bollwein Heinrich - - 2004
In previous studies, transrectal color Doppler sonography was used to demonstrate an increase in genital blood flow resistance in subfertile mares. The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of an anticoagulant (acetylsalicylic acid) and a vasodilator (captopril) on uterine and ovarian perfusion and plasma progesterone concentrations ...
Bollwein Heinrich - - 2004
Transrectal color Doppler sonography was used to investigate uterine and umbilical blood flow during pregnancy (duration, 46-48 weeks) in four mares. The resistance index (RI) and blood flow volume (VOL) of the uterine arteries ipsilateral and contralateral to the conceptus, and the presence of an early diastolic notch in the ...
Ng, Hung-yu, Ernest
(Uncorrected OCR) Abstract of the thesis entitled "EXCESSIVE OVARIAN RESPONSE DURING IN-VITRO FERTILISATION TREATMENT" Submitted by Dr. Ernest Hung Yu NG For the degree of Doctor of Medicine at the University of Hong Kong in February 2004 Ovarian stimulation is being routinely used during in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer (IVF ...
Köhler C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Does laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine blood supply decrease blood loss compared with transvaginal ligature of the uterine vessels? METHODS: Intra- and postoperative data of 446 patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy at the Department of Gynecology, University of Jena, between 1998 and 2001 were analysed. In 213 patients the ...
Stefañiczyk-Krzymowska S - - 2004
The efficiency of the retrograde transfer of steroid ovarian hormones from the ovarian effluent into blood supplying the ovary and the rate of its back transport to the ovary were determined for the first time in in vivo conditions. Sexually mature gilts (n = 25) were used in the physiological ...
Schauf Burkhard B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. - - 2004
Red blood cells (RBC) deformability is one of the factors determining microcirculation. In preeclampsia (PE) and some cases of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), RBC deformability and, consequently, microcirculation appear to be impaired. Magnesium sulfate is administered to reduce the risk of seizures in PE. The aim of our study was ...
Li H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: No quantitative or qualitative Doppler velocimetry classification of vascular flow resistance covering all stages of forward and reversed flows exists. The objective of this study was to characterize uterine artery (UtA) flow velocity waveforms (FVWs) obtained during an oxytocin challenge test (OCT) and compare them to FVWs in spontaneous ...
Raine-Fenning N J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Three-dimensional power Doppler angiography (3D-PDA) has been largely used for the subjective assessment of vascular patterns but semiquantification of the power Doppler signal is now possible. We examined the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the semiquantification of ovarian, endometrial and subendometrial blood flow using 3D-PDA, virtual organ computer-aided analysis ...
Stokkan Karl-Arne - - 2004
In pregnant seals the dive-associated constriction of the uterine artery is inhibited for unknown reasons. The seal fetus has an extremely large and active pineal gland, not found in any other mammals. We have investigated if the pineal hormone melatonin affects fetal blood supply during diving. Using isolated ring segments ...
Yogev Yariv - - 2003
PURPOSE: Studies have shown that maternal hyperglycemia may be associated with increased placental resistance to blood flow and possibly adverse perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether Doppler velocimetric dynamics change in the uterine and umbilical arteries in healthy pregnant women (without gestational diabetes) during acute ...
Mercorio F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Desmopressin, a synthetic analogue of the natural hormone vasopressin, stimulates endogenous haemostasis and exerts a powerful myometrial and vasoconstrictor action in a variety of pharmacological preparations. Both mechanisms of action may have therapeutic value for the treatment of intrauterine device (IUD)-related menorrhagia, which is believed to be caused not ...
Carmina Enrico - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether parameters of ovarian blood flow distinguish between women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who ovulate and those who are anovulatory. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospectively enrolled trial, carried out as a cross-sectional comparison of 12 ovulatory patients with PCOS ...
Turan C - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of misoprostol on the blood flow in uterine arteries of pregnant women with first-trimester embryonic demise. METHODS: Transvaginal ultrasonographic Doppler examinations (resistance index, pulsatility index, systolic/diastolic ratio) of the uterine arteries in 61 pregnant women were performed before misoprostol administration and ...
Järvelä Ilkka Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether power Doppler predicts ovarian response to gonadotrophin stimulation during in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Forty-five women were divided into low-reserve (n = 12) and normal-reserve (n = 33) ovarian groups, according to antral follicle count. Transvaginal three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonographic examinations were performed after pituitary downregulation ...
Di Lieto A - - 2003
We investigated the effect of the GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) on the uterine volume and on the immunohistochemical expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and the vasculature of leiomyomas. Twenty-five women were treated with leuprorelin acetate for 3 months; 46 untreated patients were enrolled as a control group. The uterine ...
Lang U - - 2003
An adequate increase of uterine blood flow throughout gestation is essential for uterine, placental and fetal growth. Maternal cardiovascular adaptation has to provide the uterine perfusion that is necessary to meet the requirements of the developing and growing fetus by providing transport of nutrients and oxygen to the placenta and ...
Bollwein Heinrich - - 2003
Transrectal color Doppler sonography was used for the noninvasive investigation of uterine blood flow in five mares. Both the left and right uterine arteries were scanned to obtain blood flow velocity waveforms during two consecutive estrous cycles and two early pregnancies in each mare. Blood flow was expressed as the ...
Bollwein Heinrich - - 2003
Transrectal color Doppler sonography was used to evaluate the effect of intrauterine infusion of skim milk semen extender, seminal plasma and raw semen on the endometrium and blood flow in the uterine and ovarian arteries in mares. Six Trotter mares (mean age: 12 years) were examined during estrus in three ...
Parsanezhad Mohammad Ebrahim - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Women with PCOS have significant differences in intra-ovarian and uterine artery haemodynamics. The aims of this study were to compare the ovarian stromal blood flow before and after laparoscopic ovarian diathermy, and to evaluate the value of these parameters in predicting the outcome of treatment in women with polycystic ...
Cicinelli Ettore - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effects of 17beta-estradiol tablets that are designed for the treatment of postmenopausal urovaginal atrophy are influenced by the site of placement into the vagina. STUDY DESIGN: In this controlled crossover trial, 10 postmenopausal women received a single 17beta-estradiol tablet ...
Pan Hsien-An - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of continuous-combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on ovarian circulation, we used three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound to assess ovarian stromal blood flow in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Forty healthy, postmenopausal women were enrolled in this prospective, controlled study. They were divided into two groups: the control group ...
Pan Hsien-An - - 2003
To test the hypothesis that the increased ovarian sensitivity to gonadotropins observed in women embarking on an in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment may be due to changes in ovarian stromal blood flow, we undertook this prospective comparative clinical study using three-dimensional (3-D) power Doppler ultrasound (US). The 3-D power Doppler ...
Hemberger Myriam - - 2003
The uterine bed undergoes remarkable changes during pregnancy, including proliferation and decidualization of the uterine stroma and remodeling and angiogenesis of the maternal vasculature. Fetal-derived trophoblast giant cells invade into the uterus where they gain access to the maternal blood circulation to ensure sufficient nutrient supply of the embryo. In ...
Acosta T J - - 2003
Haemodynamic changes are involved in the cyclic remodelling of ovarian tissue that occurs during final follicular growth, ovulation and new corpus luteum development. The aim of this study was to characterize the real-time changes in the blood flow within the follicle wall associated with the LH surge, ovulation and corpus ...
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