Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 894
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nadler Roy R 1The Trauma & Combat Medicine Branch, Surgeon General's HQ, Israel Defense Forces, Ramat Gan, Israel 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel 3US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA 4Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Schneider Children's Medical Center of - - 2014
Currently available triage and monitoring tools are often late to detect life threatening clinically significant physiological aberrations and provide limited data in prioritizing bleeding patients for treatment and evacuation. The Compensatory Reserve Index (CRI) is a novel means of assessing physiologic reserve, shown to correlate with central blood volume loss ...
Novell Marta M Departament de Química Analítica i Química Orgànica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Carrer Marcel.lí Domingo s/n, 43007 Tarragona, Spain. - - 2014
A novel approach to monitor Li levels in blood in decentralized (out of the lab) settings is presented. The approach uses a potentiometric cell fully made with filter paper as a support. Electrodes were built using carbon nanotubes ink to create a conductive path and a suitable polymeric membrane. Solid-state ...
Mom Thierry - - 2013
In cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgery, postoperative deafness can be due to alteration of cochlear blood flow that is supplied by the labyrinthine artery (LA). In particular, vasospasm is likely to occur and, if so, can be reversed. This work attempted to track down vascular events occurring during CPA surgery. Twenty ...
Mookherjee Neeloffer - - 2013
Elevated expression of specific microRNAs (miRNA) in peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cells (PBMC), particularly miR-146a and miR-155, is associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Whole blood has not been explored as a potential clinical material for monitoring the expression of miRNAs in RA. We sought to determine whether miRNAs levels detected in ...
Politsmakher Alex - - 2013
The increased morbidity and mortality associated with liberal blood product usage have been convincingly demonstrated. The clinical problems they pose have prompted development of more restrictive evidence-based transfusion criteria. Education alone has a limited impact on the adoption of these criteria into practice. New York Methodist Hospital undertook a proactive ...
Pecce Rita - - 2013
Patients affected by Phenylketonuria (PKU) require lifelong management based on phenylalanine (Phe) and tyrosine (Tyr) restricted intake or tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) administration. Frequent monitoring of blood concentration of both amino acids during treatment is the key point for clinicians to achieve the best long-term neuropsychological outcome. The aim of the present ...
Araki Yoshihiko - - 2013
To date, numerous studies have searched for candidate molecules or clinical examination methods as potential biomarkers for monitoring intractable diseases, such as carcinomas. Evidence accumulated over the past decade shows that many proteolytic peptides appear in human humoral fluids, including peripheral blood, in association with an individual's health condition. Although ...
Pannus Pieter - - 2013
Roll-out of routine HIV-1 viral load monitoring is hampered by high costs and logistical difficulties associated with sample collection and transport. New strategies are needed to overcome these constraints. Dried blood spots from finger-pricks have been shown to be more practical than the use of plasma specimens, and pooling strategies ...
Yoshimi Yasuo - - 2013
Heparin is the most important anticoagulant drug used during surgeries and extracorporeal therapies. Although the blood levels of heparin should be monitored continuously during the procedure to ensure the safety of the patient, there is currently no technique for measuring heparin in real time. This study describes the use of ...
Saif Md - - 2013
Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood. The most recent advance is the development of continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) which gives 24 hour trend of blood sugar levels thus helping both the patient and the physician in achieving better glycemic control. ...
Sehgal Kunal K - - 2013
Since the advent of automation in the field of hematological cell counters there has been a constant refinement of the technology and increase in the number of newer parameters available on CBC analysers. Many novel parameters are being put into routine clinical use and both clinical evaluation and monitoring critically ...
Poesen Koen - - 2013
Abstract Background: With the use of a traditional blood gas analyzer (BGA) (ABL800 Radiometer) for blood glucose monitoring, tight glucose control (TGC) reduced in-hospital mortality and morbidity of surgical intensive care unit (ICU) adult and pediatric patients. Such BGAs are now superseded by cassette-based BGAs. We assessed the analytical reliability ...
Mukhtar Sa - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to describe a linked patient blood management (PBM) data system and to demonstrate its usefulness by presenting the blood usage data obtained. Our existing datasets already collected much of the required information in relation to PBM. However, these datasets were not linked. A patient ...
Kashimura Tsutomu - - 2013
We treated a case that exhibited dissociation between blood flow in the transferred jejunum and the monitoring flap. The monitoring flap showed a false-negative, indicating blood flow to be favorable despite blood congestion in the transferred jejunum. The patient was a 69-year-old man. After tumor resection, reconstruction was performed with ...
Macrury Sandra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Blood glucose (BG) meters used for assisted monitoring of blood glucose (AMBG) require different attributes compared with meters designed for home use. These include safety considerations (i.e., minimized risk of blood-borne pathogen transmission), capability for testing multiple blood sample types, and enhanced performance specifications. The OneTouch® Verio™Pro+ BG meter ...
Fournier Paul A - - 2013
In an article in Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Halldorsdottir and coauthors examined the accuracy of five blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMSs) in a study sponsored by the manufacturer of the BGMS CONTOUR NEXT EZ (EZ) and found that this BGMS was the most accurate one. However, their findings ...
Ginsberg Barry H BH Diabetes Technology Consultants, 501 Lydia Lane, Wyckoff, NJ 07481, USA. - - 2013
Self-monitoring of blood glucose provides information about blood glucose control. The data become useful information and knowledge through careful analysis for patterns that are appropriate or can be corrected. Some analyses can be performed on newer blood glucose meters, but most often, this needs to be done on a computer, ...
Zhang Yuqing - - 2012
The potential of OCT applied to noninvasive blood glucose monitoring has attracted significant efforts. In this work we investigated the feasibility of OCT in monitoring blood glucose during oral intake of different sugars in humans. Five groups of experiments were performed, in which different sugars were used. The OCT signal ...
Ono Masahiro - - 2013
Individualizing arterial blood pressure (ABP) targets during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) based on cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation monitoring may provide a more effective means for preventing cerebral hypoperfusion than the current standard of care. Autoregulation can be monitored in real time with transcranial Doppler (TCD). We have previously demonstrated that ...
Lindberg-Larsen Martin - - 2012
A recent British medical device alert suggested monitoring patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) articulations using blood metal ions. These blood samples are usually frozen immediately and shipped frozen for analysis. Simply posting the samples in the mail would lower the costs and simplify logistics of metal ion testing. The aim of ...
Chadee D D DD Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad, West Indies. - - 2012
The blood-feeding behaviour of the Trinidad strain of Aedes aegypti was studied, under laboratory conditions, using one female per cage and monitoring blood feeding immediately, 12, and 24 hours after oviposition. To get large numbers of females that had newly completed their first gonotrophic cycle, the diel oviposition periodicity was ...
He Ruoyu - - 2012
ABSTRACT. Recently, the capability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been demonstrated for noninvasive blood glucose monitoring. In this work, we investigate the administration of chemical agents onto human skin tissue to increase the transparency of the surface of the skin, as a means of improving the capability of OCT ...
Del Pozo A - - 2012
Sea bass change their feeding rhythms from diurnal to nocturnal in winter, returning to diurnal feeding in spring. Despite behavioral data, the physiological changes that take place during such changes remain unexplored. In this paper, blood glucose rhythms of European sea bass with diurnal/nocturnal self-feeding rhythms were investigated during phase ...
Hornok Sándor - - 2012
In order to investigate haemotropic Mycoplasma (formerly Eperythrozoon) infection of goats, blood samples and blood-sucking lice (Linognathus stenopsis) were collected in two goat herds. DNA was extracted from 20 blood samples and from 49 lice allocated to six pools according to host individuals. Haemoplasma infection was detected in four goats ...
Zhang Y - - 2012
Flow diverters (FDs) are high density meshed stents designed to reduce blood flow into intra-cranial aneurysms. Though the FD is one of many intracranial aneurysm (IA) treatments, FD implantation may also result in the growth and rupture of residual aneurysms. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect ...
Kerur Basavaraj - - 2012
There are currently no standard recommendations regarding the optimal method to obtain a blood culture in neonates. We performed an online survey of the membership of the Section on Perinatal Pediatrics of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding their practices when drawing blood cultures. The survey included questions regarding the ...
Davis Philip - - 2013
An activity profile of competitive 3 × 2-min novice-level amateur boxing was created based on video footage and postbout blood [La] in 32 male boxers (mean ± SD) age 19.3 ± 1.4 y, body mass 62.6 ± 4.1 kg. Winners landed 18 ± 11 more punches than losers by applying ...
Saeed Nazia P - - 2012
Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) and the autoregulation index (ARI) can be reproducibly assessed by noninvasive transcranial Doppler (TCD) methodology using frame-held (FH) ultrasound probes. However, FH techniques may be impractical in severe head injury patients and neonates, where CBFv and ARI estimates are an important component of clinical assessment ...
Sari Ismail - - 2012
This paper is the first report whether or not pneumatic tube system affects the selection of apheresis donors according to the results of complete blood count. According to the apheresis guidelines, hemoglobin level must be ⩾12.5g/dL and platelet level ⩾150/μL to be a donor. Paired blood samples of 26 healthy ...
Okano Kunihiko - - 2012
A chiral molecule absorbs preferentially right- or left-handed circularly polarized light in a circular dichroism (CD) measurement. Usually, the chirality of individual molecules is regarded as the origin of the CD signals. However, recently, several reports have suggested that the vortex flow of a solution of an achiral molecule gives ...
Meier Jens - - 2012
Although the transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) is safer than ever regarding infections, it is still associated with several adverse reactions and therefore should only be used on the basis of evidence-based triggers. However, prevention of RBC transfusion and subsequent substitution of blood losses with acellular solutions will inevitably ...
Murata Jun - - 2012
Purpose: Human hands are excellent in performing sensory and motor function. We have hypothesized that blood flow of the hand is dynamically regulated by sympathetic outflow during concentrated finger perception. To identify this hypothesis, we measured radial blood flow (RBF), radial vascular conductance (RVC), heart rate (HR), and arterial blood ...
Machin Laura L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of lay and professional stakeholders about the donation of cord blood to public banks in England and the policies surrounding it. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were undertaken between April 2009 and August 2010 with 62 participants based in England who play a key role in ...
Ogawa Masanori - - 2012
Biological monitoring is used to assess toluene exposure in medical examinations. The American Conference of Industrial Hygienists, Japanese Society for Occupational Health and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft have proposed various biological exposure determinants, such as toluene in blood and urine, and o-cresol in urine. Toluene in blood is a common biomarker ...
Schierenbeck Fanny - - 2012
Glycemic control in critically ill patients has been shown to be beneficial. In this prospective study, we evaluated the accuracy and technical feasibility of a continuous glucose monitoring system using intravascular microdialysis. Fifty patients undergoing cardiac surgery were monitored using a 4 Fr intravenous microdialysis catheter (Eirus SLC™, Dipylon Medical ...
Vázquez Beatriz Y Salazar - - 2012
The relationship between blood viscosity, hematocrit (Hct), and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was studied in a healthy population of 91 men and 66 women with an average age of 30.6 ± 8.0 years, from the city of Victoria de Durango (1800 m elevation). In women and men, Hct values ...
Boriboonhirunsarn Dittakarn - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between cord blood and maternal serum magnesium levels among pre-eclamptic pregnant women treated with magnesium sulfate. Materials and Methods:  A total of 36 pregnant women, >28 weeks' gestation, diagnosed with pre-eclampsia and treated with magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4) ), were enrolled. ...
Son Chang-Gue - - 2011
Moxibustion therapy is a commonly used treatment in Oriental medicine. Here, we provide evidence for the safety of long-term moxibustion therapy. and design: Forty-five subjects (10 men and 35 women) who complained of chronic fatigue were divided into control (5 men and 15 women) and experimental groups (5 men and ...
Tekin Deniz - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies indicate that certain genetic polymorphisms modify lead toxicokinetics. Metallothioneins are protective against the toxicity of many metals, including lead. The aim of this study was to determine whether the maternal metallothionein 2A (MT2A) -5 A/G single-nucleotide polymorphism is related to the lead levels in maternal blood, placental ...
Sexton Ken - - 2011
Venous blood was drawn from 35 pregnant Hispanic women living in Brownsville, Texas, and matched cord blood was collected at birth. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to measure concentrations of 55 individual PAHs or groups of PAHs. Results indicate that these women and their fetuses were regularly exposed to multiple ...
Atanasov V N - - 2011
Diazepam is one of the mostly used benzodiazepines and it is frequently analyzed in different biological samples, especially blood samples. The diazepam stability in the sample matrices is an important factor regarding reliable data obtaining. The storage is the main factor determining the stability of diazepam in blood samples and ...
Park Hyun - - 2011
Background:  Intraoperative blood loss is a concern in the surgical treatment of myomatous uteri. Misoprostol causes the myometrium and isolated uterine arteries to contract and has blood-saving effects in myomectomy. Aim:  To assess the efficacy of rectal misoprostol in reducing haemorrhage during laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). Methods:  Retrospective case-control study. ...
Haliloglu Berna - - 2011
As a contraceptive method, we investigated whether the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) has any effect on uterine artery blood flow when compared with copper intrauterine device (IUD). Sixty women with copper IUD and 60 women with LNG-IUS were included in the study. The age, gravidity, parity, body mass index (BMI) ...
van Essen G J - - 2011
In view of the remarkable decrease of the relative heart weight (HW) and the relative blood volume in growing pigs, we investigated whether HW, cardiac output (CO), and stroke volume (SV) of modern growing pigs are proportional to BW, as predicted by allometric scaling laws: HW (or CO or SV) ...
de Boode Willem P - - 2010
Analysis of cerebral and systemic hemodynamic consequences of ultrasound dilution cardiac output measurements. : Prospective, experimental piglet study. Animal laboratory. Nine piglets. Ultrasound dilution cardiac output measurements were performed in ventilated, anesthetized piglets. Interventions that are required for ultrasound dilution cardiac output measurement were evaluated for its effect on cerebral ...
Nissen P - - 2010
With the introduction of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) almost 40 years ago, changes in the cardiovascular system that manifest during the different phases of the operation combined, sometimes with massive hemorrhage in likely critically ill patients have been a challenge. Here hemodynamic monitoring of the patients during OLT is addressed ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2010
Many situations are encountered in cardiac surgery, especially paediatric cardiac surgery, which are associated with significant myocardial oedema. In such cases it is inadvisable or impossible to close the sternum primarily. Here we describe a simple and inexpensive technique of temporary sternotomy wound closure with a sterile blood bag.
Deegan B M - - 2010
Cerebral autoregulation adjusts cerebrovascular resistance in the face of changing perfusion pressures to maintain relatively constant flow. Results from several studies suggest that cardiac output may also play a role. We tested the hypothesis that cerebral blood flow would autoregulate independent of changes in cardiac output. Transient systemic hypotension was ...
Böning D - - 2011
The wide-spread assumption that doping with erythropoietin or blood transfusion is only effective by increasing arterial blood O2 content because of rising hematocrit is not self-evident. "Natural blood dopers" (horses, dogs) increase both hematocrit and circulating blood volume during exercise by releasing stored erythrocytes from the spleen. Improvement of aerobic ...
Gössl Mario - - 2010
On the basis of an interesting case of a 40-year-old lady with an atrial septal defect, we describe a simple approach for complex shunt volume calculations based on the Fick principle using hemodynamic data obtained in the catheterization laboratory. Understanding Fick's principle allows determination of all relevant flows, flow ratio, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >