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Chung Tze-Wen TW Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ; Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) decorated with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) (ANPs) or fibrinogen (FNPs) were used to fabricate hemostatic NPs that can shorten blood clotting time and prevent severe local hemorrhage. The structure and mechanical properties of the blood clot induced with ANP (clot/ANP) or FNP (clot/FNP) were also investigated. The NPs, ...
Stöllberger Claudia - - 2013
Dabigatran is an oral thrombin inhibitor which has been approved for prevention of stroke or embolism in atrial fibrillation patients as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists. Dabigatran has been introduced into clinical practice, although issues like laboratory monitoring, its use in elderly patients, drug and food interactions, and an ...
Kornej J - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs as the result of numerous complex physiological processes in the atria leading to AF promotion and maintenance. Improved diagnostic techniques have identified various biomarkers which may play an important role in the prediction of AF related outcomes (cardio- and cerebrovascular events, as well as mortality and ...
Yoshida Naoyasu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The effects of pulmonary vein (PV) isolation in atrial fibrillation (AF) on left atrial (LA) function or PV flow have not been well documented. METHODS: We examined the LA function and PV flow before and 3-6 months after PV isolation in 67 AF patients (34 paroxysmal [PAF] and 33 persistent ...
Fluckiger Jacob U - - 2013
PURPOSE: To use four-dimensional (4D) flow MRI to characterize and quantify 3D blood flow in the left atria (LA) of patients with a history of atrial fibrillation (AF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 4D flow MRI was acquired in 19 volunteers (n = 9<30 years, n = 10>50 years) and 10 ...
Masuda Masaharu - - 2012
AIMS: Diastolic late mitral annular velocity (a') measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is reported to represent left atrial (LA) pump function and the severity of LA remodelling. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between a' and LA blood stasis in patients with non-valvular paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. ...
Schröter Paula - - 2012
The objective of this study was to demonstrate that bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) can be prevented when intake of maternal colostrum is prevented in a dairy farm with verified BNP cases. A group of 30 female calves was fed with a colostrum substitute instead of maternal colostrum (group A) whereas ...
Chang Chien-Jung - - 2012
Dabigatran reduces stroke in atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary veins (PVs) and left atrium (LA) play a critical role in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. We investigated the effects of thrombin, blood clot solution, and dabigatran on PVs and LA. Conventional microelectrodes were used to record the action potentials in isolated PV ...
Park Kyu-Hwan - - 2012
This article is the first clinical investigation of the quantitative left atrial (LA) vortex flow by two-dimensional (2-D) transesophageal contrast echocardiography (2-D-TECE) using vector particle image velocimetry (PIV). The aims of this study were to assess the feasibility of LA vortex flow analysis and to characterize and quantify the LA ...
Tiras Bulent - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To provide information about the effects of blood and mucus on the embryo transfer (ET) catheters after transfer on embryo transfer outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 8311 ultrasound-guided embryo transfers performed in a single center. In 6897 cases (82.9%), there were no blood on the catheter after ET, ...
Gorbach Alexander M - - 2012
Vascular dysfunction is an important pathophysiologic manifestation of sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition that increases risk of pulmonary hypertension and stroke. We hypothesized that infrared (IR) imaging would detect changes in cutaneous bloodflow reflective of vascular function. We performed IR imaging and conventional strain gauge plethysmography in twenty-five adults ...
Twynstra Jasna - - 2012
We hypothesized that neuropeptide Y (NPY) exerts vasoconstrictor properties in sciatic nerve blood supply by a Y1 receptor (Y1R) mechanism. Using Doppler ultrasound (40MHz), we measured blood flow velocity through a sciatic nerve supply artery during infusions of NPY and/or Y1R blockade with BIBP3226 in Wistar Kyoto rats before, and ...
Saito Motoaki - - 2012
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that ischemia is one of the main etiology in overactive bladder (OAB), and that nicorandil prevents OAB. We investigated the effect of nicorandil on hypertension-related bladder dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). METHODS: Twelve-week-old SHRs received six-weeks treatment with nicorandil (0, 3, or 10 mg/kg, i.p. ...
Chen Hui-Qin - - 2012
Two new flavonoids, named cambodianins D (1) and E (2), together with two known flavanes (2S)-7,4'-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavane (3) and (2S)-7,3'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-methylflavane (4), were isolated from dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. The new compounds were determined by HR-ESI-MS and spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, 1D, and 2D NMR). Compounds 1-3 exhibited antimicrobial activities.
Menis Mikhail - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and hemolytic transfusion reactions account for significant transfusion-related morbidity and mortality in the United States. Our study evaluated types and quantities of transfused components as well as occurrence of TRALI, ABO, and Rh incompatibilities among the US elderly in the institutional outpatient setting during ...
Hsieh Ru-Lan - - 2012
Infrared (IR) therapy is used for pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, IR's effects on the cardiovascular system remain uncertain. Therefore, we investigated the local and systemic cardiovascular effects of monochromatic IR therapy on patients with knee OA in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Seventy-one subjects with ...
Shlosberg Alan - - 2011
The griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) is one of seven species of Old World Gyps vultures found over a wide range from the Iberian peninsula in the west through the Balkans, Turkey, and the Middle East to India in the east. The population of the griffon vultures in Israel has suffered ...
Cochand Nicholas J NJ School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, - - 2011
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is impaired in subjects who develop acute mountain sickness (AMS), a neurological disorder characterized by headache. The present study examined if the normoxic sea-level measurement of dynamic cerebral autoregulation would predict subsequent susceptibility to AMS during rapid ascent to terrestrial high altitude. A dynamic cerebral autoregulation index ...
Lee Sang-Joon - - 2011
Cardiac outflow in the early developmental stage of a chick embryo is known to be highly variable depending on environmental temperature. To investigate the effects of environmental hypothermia on the blood flow in the outflow tract (OFT) of chick embryonic hearts, microscopic flow images were consecutively captured from chick embryos ...
Mroczek Tomasz - - 2011
Objective: The introduction of right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome resulted in a higher survival rate in many centers. A higher diastolic aortic pressure and a higher mean coronary perfusion pressure were suggested as the hemodynamic advantage of this source ...
Roessler Florian C - - 2011
No agreement exists about which protocol for in-vitro clot formation is suitable for sonothrombolysis investigations. Lysis rates vary considerably because of different clotting processes and cannot be compared. We aim to establish a new protocol for in-vitro coagulation to permit standardized sonothrombolysis investigations. The proposed procedure is based upon clots ...
Schubert T - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The tortuous distal part of the ICA may have an attenuating effect on pulsatile arterial flow. We investigated local arterial blood flow patterns in the ICA proximal and distal to the carotid siphon to detect quantitative waveform changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Arterial flow patterns were analyzed by ...
Hua Jun - - 2011
The poststimulus blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) undershoot has been attributed to two main plausible origins: delayed vascular compliance based on delayed cerebral blood volume (CBV) recovery and a sustained increased oxygen metabolism after stimulus cessation. To investigate these contributions, multimodal functional magnetic resonance imaging was employed to monitor responses of ...
Sabri Mohammed - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelin receptor antagonists such as clazosentan decrease large-artery vasospasm after experimental and clinical subarachnoid hemorrhage. We used clazosentan to gain insight into the pathophysiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage by determining if decreasing vasospasm is associated with alleviation of other secondary complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage such as oxidative stress, ...
Laing Susan T - - 2011
Ultrasound enhances thrombolysis when combined with a thrombolytic and a contrast agent. This study aimed to evaluate the thrombolytic effect of our tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-loaded echogenic liposomes (ELIP) in an in vivo clot model, with and without ultrasound treatment. The femoral arteries of New Zealand White rabbits (n=4 per ...
Rahbar Elaheh - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the hemodynamics associated with clot captured within two different types of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computational flow models were constructed for different clot sizes and shapes captured within the Greenfield (GF) (Medi-tech/Boston Scientific, Watertown, Massachusetts) and TrapEase (Cordis, Miami Lakes, Florida) IVC filters. ...
Cruden Nicholas L M - - 2011
Upregulation of vascular B(1) kinin receptor expression has been reported in human atheroma, but its role remains unclear. We examined vasomotor and fibrinolytic responses to selective B(1) and B(2) kinin receptor agonism in the human femoral circulation and correlated responses with femoral arterial plaque load. Femoral arterial cross-sectional area, blood ...
Smolich Joseph J - - 2011
Although the distribution of average fetal pulmonary trunk (PT) blood flow favors the ductus arteriosus (DA) over the lungs, the phasic aspects of this distribution during systole and diastole are not well understood. Accordingly, flow profile and wave intensity (WI) analyses were performed at baseline and during brief flow increases ...
Gersh Kathryn C - - 2011
Studies in animal models have shown that plasminogen activators bound to erythrocytes (RBC-PA) have an extended lifetime in the circulation and are safer than free PAs. RBC-PAs incorporate into nascent thrombi, which are focally lysed from within, an attractive thromboprophylactic option. In static systems, RBC-PAs cleave surrounding fibrin fibers, forming ...
Nicoletto Heather A - - 2011
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is well known for its usefulness in diagnosing vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and vasculopathy in children with sickle cell disease. However there are some lesser known TCD studies. Bubble studies detect right to left shunts. Head rotation studies evaluate for extrinsic compression of the vertebral ...
Das Ashish - - 2011
Right ventricular (RV) enlargement and pulmonary valve insufficiency (PI) are well-known, unavoidable long term sequelae encountered by patients who undergo tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) surgery. Despite their lifelong need for cardiac surveillance and occasional re-intervention, there is a paucity of numerical data characterizing blood flows in their pulmonary arteries (PA). ...
Anisuzzaman - - 2011
Ixodid ticks are notorious blood-sucking ectoparasites and are completely dependent on blood-meals from hosts. In addition to the direct severe effects on health and productivity, ixodid ticks transmit various deadly diseases to humans and animals. Unlike rapidly feeding vessel-feeder hematophagous insects, the hard ticks feed on hosts for a long ...
Yu F T H - - 2011
Recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) risk factors include a first idiopathic DVT, strongly suggesting the existence of undiagnosed and/or unidentified prothrombotic abnormalities. To evaluate the impact of locally increased red blood cell (RBC) aggregation on DVT pathogenesis in a rabbit model. Methods: DVT presence, flow and aggregation were measured in ...
Xu Hongzhi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the formation of subarachnoid clots and their associated resolution may be involved in the development of chronic cerebral vasospasm. To dissolve and wash out the subarachnoid clot is one of the therapeutic strategies for prevention of cerebral vasospasm. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of recombinant ...
Noël M H - - 2011
A robust and precise viscometer using the forces exerted by a laminar flow inside a small duct is presented: the force is measured on a long cylindrical sensor dipped into the flow. Two devices of respective volumes 1.4 and 0.031 ml have been realized, demonstrating that the technique is usable with ...
Singer Michael A - - 2011
Filter tilt is often seen with conical filters and adversely affects retrievability and clot trapping efficiency. In addition, tilt may also alter flow dynamics. This study uses computational fluid dynamics to evaluate flow past an unoccluded and partially occluded Celect inferior vena cava filter (Cook, Bloomington, Indiana). In particular, the ...
Saadatmand Maryam - - 2011
Fluid particle diffusion through blood flow within a capillary tube is an important phenomenon to understand, especially for studies in mass transport in the microcirculation as well as in solving technical issues involved in mixing in biomedical microdevices. In this paper, the spreading of tracer particles through up to 20% ...
Ho Harvey - - 2011
cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is a devastating sequela of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Among the many factors that are associated with the pathogenesis of CVS, the cerebral blood flow (CBF) and underlying haemodynamics play an important role. In this paper we present an integrated clinical-engineering approach to CVS research. after an admission ...
Chai Wei-Na - - 2011
Aim to investigate the changes of cerebral microcirculation after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and its association with cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after SAH. CTP was performed in 85 patients with SAH and 35 controls. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were recorded for final analysis. ...
Ergun-Cagli Kumral - - 2011
Microvascular dysfunction is implicated in the pathogenesis of slow coronary flow (SCF), but less attention has been paid to intrinsic properties of blood that can also impair the microcirculatory flow. In this study we aimed to evaluate the blood viscosity focusing on erythrocyte aggregation, erythrocyte deformability and plasma viscosity in ...
Thomas David - - 2011
MRI offers the ability to visualise and measure blood flow in the human body non-invasively. MR angiography (MRA) provides images of the arterial blood vessels within the body and allows measurement of blood velocities along these arteries. Arterial spin labelling (ASL) is a method for measuring the perfusion of blood ...
Marbacher Serge - - 2011
Intracisternal blood injection is the most common applied experimental subarachnoid bleeding technique in rabbits. The model comprises examiner-dependent variables and does not closely represent the human pathophysiological sequelae of ruptured cerebral aneurysm. The degree of achieved delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS) in this model is often mild. The aim of this ...
Onal Mehmet Bulent - - 2011
intrathecal administration of calcium channel antagonists has been proposed to reduce cerebral vasospasm (CVS) in animal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) models. Also, delayed CVS treatment model with oral administration of cilostazol can be seen in the literature. in this study, 25 male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to five ...
Trisina Jessica - - 2011
The medicinal value of earthworm has been widely known since the history of Asian ancient medicine. This present study aims to determine the mechanism of action and effect of a standardized extract of Lumbricus rubellus named as DLBS1033. The fibrinogen degradation, antiplatelet aggregation, and ex vivo antithrombotic assay using human ...
Cantasdemir Murat - - 2011
Usually high-flow priapism is caused by perineal or penile blunt trauma with direct cavernosal artery injury and formation of an arterial-lacunar fistula. Rarely, cavernosal artery injury may result from penetrating trauma. Treatment of high-flow priapism is not considered an emergency because patients are at low risk for permanent complications. For ...
Davis J M - - 2010
A numerical method is implemented for computing unsteady blood flow through a branching capillary network. The evolution of the discharge hematocrit along each capillary segment is computed by integrating in time a one-dimensional convection equation using a finite-difference method. The convection velocity is determined by the local and instantaneous effective ...
Poole Salwa K - - 2011
The kinetic performance of stabilized particle layers, particle membranes, and thin films for thin-layer chromatography is reviewed with a focus on how layer characteristics and experimental conditions affect the observed plate height. Forced flow and pressurized planar electrochromatography are identified as the best candidates to overcome the limited performance achieved ...
Scherer Elias Q - - 2010
We sought to demonstrate that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, via sphingosine-1-phosphate signaling, has the potential to alter cochlear blood flow and thus, cause ischemic hearing loss. We performed intravital fluorescence microscopy to measure blood flow and capillary diameter in anesthetized guinea pigs. To measure capillary diameter ex vivo, capillary beds ...
Terada Nobuo - - 2010
The "in vivo cryotechnique" (IVCT) is a powerful tool to instantly capture blood flow, and all plasma components are well kept in tissue samples. In this study, we injected glutathione (GSH)-coated quantum dots (QDs), which emit a 650-nm-fluorescent signal with an ultraviolet excitation, into anesthetized mouse left ventricles, and IVCT ...
Nishimura Nozomi - - 2010
Occlusions of penetrating arterioles, which plunge into cortex and feed capillary beds, cause severe decreases in blood flow and are potential causes of ischemic microlesions. However, surrounding arterioles and capillary beds remain flowing and might provide collateral flow around the occlusion. We used femtosecond laser ablation to trigger clotting in ...
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