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Guzman Jorge A - - 2003
Effects of a dopamine-1 (DA-1) receptor agonist on systemic and intestinal oxygen delivery (Do(2))-uptake relationships were studied in anesthetized dogs during sequential hemorrhage. Control (group 1) and experimental animals (group 2) were treated similarly except for the addition of fenoldopam (1.0 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) in group 2. Both ...
Matheson Paul J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The immune-enhancing diet (IED) (Impact, Novartis Corp, Minneapolis, Minn) initiates a delayed and sustained increase in blood flow to the ileum and gut-associated lymphoid tissue. The immune-enhancing benefits of Impact (Novartis Corp) are attributed to the addition of L-arginine, fish oil (FO), and RNA fragments to a standard enteral ...
Sevak Rajkumar - - 2002
The effects of beta(3) adrenergic receptor agonists, (S)-4-[2-hydroxy-3-phenoxy-propylamino-ethoxy]-N-(2-methoxyethyl)-phenoxyacetamide (ZD 7114) and (+/-)-4-(3-t-butylamino-2-hydroxypropoxy)benzimidazol-2-one (CGP 12177A), were studied on aspirin plus pylorus ligation-induced gastric ulcers, gastric mucosal blood flow and gastric motility in rats. Pretreatment with ZD 7114 (3 mg kg(-1), p.o.) and CGP 12177A (3.5 mg kg(-1), p.o.) resulted in significant ...
Miyazaki Tatsuya - - 2002
Anastomotic insufficiency is considered to be one of the most serious complications associated with esophageal reconstruction. The purposes of this study were to identify (1) the relationship between anastomotic insufficiency and tissue blood flow (TBF) in the gastric tube in the perioperative period, and (2) the effects of intravenous prostaglandin ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2002
Helicobacter pylori and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are major pathogenic factors in peptic ulcer disease but whether these two factors exert synergistic or antagonistic effects on ulcer healing has been a subject of controversy. We compared the effect of aspirin alone with that of aspirin combined with H. pylori on ...
Mavropoulos Antonios - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Tobacco users and especially cigarette smokers are at higher risk than non-smokers for periodontal disease. The pathogenic mechanism has been proposed to be the vasoconstrictive properties of nicotine, with reduced gingival blood flow (GBF) as a contributing factor in the development of periodontal disease. However, in a ...
Siński M - - 2002
The cardiovascular effects of the stimulation of arterial chemoreceptors are different in spontaneously breathing and artificially ventilated animals. Respiratory failure and long term sojourn at high altitude coincide frequently with the occurrence of gastric ulceration. In both these situations a profound stimulation of arterial chemoreceptors is present. The purpose of ...
Vanbinst R - - 2002
Bile is, in certain cases, collected together with blood from different sites (heart, brain, femoral), urine and other organs or matrices. This study reports comparative results obtained from the analysis of blood and bile for different drugs found: acetaminophen, amphetamine and related compounds, several antidepressants, several benzodiazepines, cocaine and its ...
Omata Takayuki - - 2002
PURPOSE: Dynamic MR cholangiography was conducted on patients with cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis who had consumed a fatty test meal (Molyork) and the cystic contractility and dynamics of biliary stasis was evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The subjects were 25 with intracystic cholelithiasis, 10 with choledocholithiasis and 10 normal controls. For an ...
Metheny Norma A - - 2002
To determine the extent to which a mixture of human gastric juice and enteral formula stained with two concentrations of FD&C Blue No. 1 food dye (0.8 and 1.5 mL/L) is visible in suctioned tracheobronchial secretions following three forced small-volume pulmonary aspirations over a 6-h period in an animal model. ...
Newton D J - - 2002
The study investigated whether the effects of dermal replacement therapy on wound healing are associated with an increase in blood flow at the base of diabetic foot ulcers treated with Dermagraft. Seven full-thickness ulcers were assessed in five patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy. All lesions had ...
De Letter Els A - - 2002
Drug concentrations in autopsy samples can also be influenced by post-mortem gastric diffusion when the stomach contains a substantial amount of the drug or by diffusion from the trachea when agonal aspiration or post-mortem regurgitation of vomit occurs. This was studied in a rabbit animal model in which MDMA solutions ...
Tangmankongworakoon Nathaya - - 2002
The sensitivity of rapid urease test (RUT) for detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is limited in patients presented with bleeding peptic ulcers. Blood contents are potentially responsible for the lack of sensitivity of RUT in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of RUT ...
Zhuikova S E - - 2002
Intraperitoneal injection of Semax (synthetic analogue of ACTH4-7, MEHFPGP) in a dose of 50 mg/kg produced a protective effect on rats with experimental indomethacin-induced ulcers. Experiments on narcotized rats showed that Semax in the studied dose had no effect on basal blood flow in the stomach, but prevented reduction of ...
Hu Sen - - 2002
AIM: To determine if anisodamine is able to augment mucosal perfusion during gut I/R ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: A jejunal sac was formed in Sprague Dawley rat. A Laser Doppler probe and a tonometer were inserted into the sac which was filled with saline. The superior mesenteric artery was occluded (SMAO)for 60 ...
Deters Michael - - 2002
The new immunosuppressive agent sirolimus generally is combined in transplant patients with cyclosporine and tacrolimus which both exhibit cholestatic effects. Nothing is known about possible cholestatic effects of these combinations which might be important for biliary excretion of endogenous compounds as well as of immunosuppressants. Rats were daily treated with ...
Seguin Philippe - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In septic shock, the alteration of the gut barrier contributes to the development of multiple organ failure. The aim of the study was to compare epinephrine with the combination of dobutamine and norepinephrine on gastric perfusion in patients with septic shock. METHODS: In a prospective randomized study on 2 ...
Nakatsuka Mitsuru - - 2002
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of infrarenal aortic cross-clamping and unclamping on gut mucosal perfusion by gastric tonometry and on sigmoid colonic tissue blood flow by laser Doppler flowmetry during abdominal aortic surgery. This was a prospective before-and-after intervention comparison study in a university hospital ...
Akazawa H - - 2002
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the continuous compression assumed as a result of light clenching on the blood flow of the denture underlying mucosa in tissue-supported or tooth-tissue-supported denture wearers. Measurements were carried out on eight removable partial denture wearers (three males and five ...
Nayan Rajeev - - 2002
Heat stress produces loss of absorptive surface area of the small intestine, including the ileum which is the site of bile acid absorption. This may cause diarrhoea on account of the possible bile acid malabsorption. To explore this possibility, the effect of high ambient temperature exposure on bile flow was ...
Dumestre-Toulet V - - 2002
A 43-year-old man was found dead in a hotel room during a sexual relation with a colleague.He was treated both for cardiovascular disease and for erectile dysfunction with VIAGRA. A pillbox was found in the room with several tablets of verapamil (Isoptine), trimetazidine (Vastarel), yohimbine and bromazepam (Lexomil). A box ...
West Wanda L - - 2002
In the development of novel pharmaceutical compounds, pharmacokinetic parameters, such as the extent of biliary excretion, must be characterized. Pharmacokinetic studies in nonrodent species, typically dogs, are generally required for new drug approvals. However, in some cases, rabbits may be a more desirable model. We developed a surgical procedure for ...
Moskalewski Stanislaw - - 2002
Blood from the rat gastric mucosa is drained by collecting venules running from the subepithelial layer towards the lamina muscularis mucosae. Details of their structure were studied in translucent, flat strips of the glandular stomach, in thick sections of glandular mucosa cleared in mineral oil and in semi-thin plastic sections. ...
Dabrowski Andrzej - - 2002
Insufficient vascularisation of substitutes in the operative reconstruction of the oesophagus is one of the main causes of the occurrence of anastomotic leaks. In the present study, the blood oxygenation of gastric substitutes for the oesophagus was evaluated before and during the reconstruction. A pulse oximeter was used for the ...
Moskalewski Stanisław - - 2002
Blood from the glandular part of hamster gastric mucosa is drained by collecting venules, running from the subepithelial layer towards lamina muscularis mucosae. To visualise vessels involved in the venous outflow, hamsters were exposed to atropine and subjected to intravital ligation of portal vein, causing strong hyperaemia. Distribution of vessels ...
Bohm-Starke N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vascular changes as a possible underlying cause of mucosal erythema in women with vulvar vestibulitis. METHODS: Laser Doppler perfusion imaging was used to map the superficial blood flow in the vestibular mucosa in 20 women with vestibulitis and in 21 healthy control subjects. A possible correlation between ...
Adams J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a motion platform that imparts noninvasive periodic acceleration (pGz) forces to the body causes systemic vasodilation and changes local organ blood flow. DESIGN: Prospective paired blocked design. SETTING: Medical center research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Juvenile Yorkshire pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Juvenile pigs (12 kg) were anesthetized, paralyzed, and placed ...
Emmanuel A V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are known to be associated with alterations in central autonomic activity, and this may manifest as a functional gut disturbance. However, the final expression of motility disturbance is non-specific and non-quantifiable. This study examines the relationship between psychological state and psychosocial functioning with a new direct ...
Gade J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The lungs have dual blood supply: The bronchial and the pulmonary circulation. The importance of bronchial circulation is disputed. The purpose of this study was to establish an experimental model to examine the importance of the bronchial artery. DESIGN: Comparative porcine experimental study. The surgical technique was evaluated in ...
Gudmundsson F F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of prolonged intra-abdominal pressure on systemic hemodynamics and gastrointestinal blood circulation. METHODS: The intra-abdominal pressure in anesthetized pigs was elevated to 20 mmHg (7 animals), 30 mmHg (7 animals), and 40 mmHg (4 animals), respectively. These pressures were maintained ...
Tsugawa K - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is now recognized to be a distinct entity. Recently, angiogenesis has been noticed as a key factor in clarifying the pathophysiology of various diseases. Angiogenesis in the PHT of explored gastric mucosa has yet to be explored. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is ...
Tugtekin I F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an increased ileal-mucosal-arterial PCO2 gap (delta PCO2) during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia is associated with impaired villus microcirculation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, experimental study. SETTING: Animal research laboratory. ANIMALS: Twenty-two domestic pigs. INTERVENTIONS: After baseline measurements, anesthetized and ventilated pigs received continuous i.v. endotoxin (ETX, n = ...
Cervin A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have shown that, although rare, findings of mucosal ulcers and perforations of the nasal septum in some cases may be associated with the use of topical nasal glucocorticosteroids (GCS). It can been speculated that, a reduction in septal mucosal blood flow causing ischemia may eventually induce septal ...
Heckmann S M - - 2001
The pathophysiology of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is largely unknown. Thus, the aim was to study oral mucosal blood flow in BMS-patients using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Thirteen BMS patients (11 female, two male; mean age+/-SD 64.3+/-7.9 years, mean disease duration 18.9+/-6.2 months) and 13 healthy non-smoking controls matched for ...
Al-Awadi F M - - 2001
Colitis reduces the blood and tissue levels of adenosine deaminase and adenylate deaminase. Whether this has any effect on blood purines remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to measure the adenylate pool, substrates of the above enzymes, and energy status in blood from rats with colitis. ...
Abdel-Salam O M - - 2001
The stomach is in a state of continuous exposure to potentially hazardous agents. Hydrochloric acid together with pepsin constitutes a major and serious threat to the gastric mucosa. Reflux of alkaline duodenal contents containing bile and pancreatic enzymes are additional important injurious factors of endogenous origin. Alcohol, cigarette smoking, drugs ...
Tsuji S - - 2001
T-593 (osutidine, CAS 140695-21-2) is a new anti-ulcer agent that consists of two enantiomers, (+)-(R)-T-593 and (-)-(S)-T-593. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of T-593, (+)-(R)-T-593 and (-)-(S)-T-593 on ethanol-induced gastric damage in rats. Rats were given intraperitoneal administration of vehicle, racemic T-593, (+)-(R)-T-593 or (-)-(S)-T-593. 30 ...
Schmidt W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a continuous infusion of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor enoximone on mucosal villus blood flow in a normotensive model of endotoxemia. METHODS: Twenty-four anesthetized and ventilated rats underwent laparotomy and a ileal portion was exteriorized and opened by an antimesenteric ...
Thorén A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between changes in total splanchnic and mucosal perfusion, assessed either by gastric tonometry or jejunal laser Doppler flowmetry in postcardiac surgical patients. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTINGS: A general intensive care unit in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Twelve, postoperative cardiac surgery patients were ...
Heckmann J G - - 2000
The aim of the current pilot study was to establish a procedure that would allow the investigation of microcirculatory changes in the oral cavity. The authors studied the effects of painful stimulation using dry ice (CO2). To investigate potential regional differences in the change of blood flow, recordings were made ...
Mazzola C D - - 2000
Loxapine is a dibenzoxazepine tricyclic compound used to treat schizophrenia in the United States since 1976. Metabolism includes demethylation to its primary metabolite, amoxapine. There are few documented reports of the disposition of loxapine in deaths due to overdose. This report discusses the overdose suicide of a 69-year-old white female ...
Uusaro A - - 2000
Gastric mucosal and arterial blood PCO2 must be known to assess mucosal perfusion by means of gastric tonometry. As end-tidal PCO2 (PE'CO2) is a function of arterial PCO2, the gradient between PE'CO2 and gastric mucosal PCO2 may reflect mucosal perfusion. We studied the agreement between two methods to monitor gut ...
Stricker E M - - 2000
The homeostasis of body fluid traditionally is viewed as involving the regulation of its osmolality and of blood volume. However, the control of thirst is more complex than can be described in a two-factor model, and consideration of plasma sodium concentration and of arterial blood pressure also must be included ...
Schmidt W - - 2000
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a continuous infusion of the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor amrinone on mucosal villus blood flow in a normotensive model of endotoxemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four anesthetized and ventilated rats underwent laparotomy, and an ileal portion was exteriorized and opened ...
Sielenkämper A W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) protected against a decrease in gastric intramucosal pH, suggesting that TEA increased gut mucosal perfusion. The current study examines the effects of TEA on ileal mucosa using intravital microscopy in anesthetized rats. METHODS: Nineteen rats were equipped with epidural catheters, with ...
Paterson C A - - 2000
The precise factors and their relative contributions that lead to individual flow pulses across the pylorus during liquid gastric emptying remain unclear. Our objective was to determine the factors leading to individual flow pulses, their relative contributions and the role of the vagus nerve in their modulation. Proximal gastric tone ...
Mallinder P A - - 2000
Several methods are available to measure splanchnic blood flow and gut ischaemia. Tonometry is most practical for peri-operative use. Epidural blockade from T5 to T11 causes mesenteric arteriovenous vasodilation and may increase splanchnic blood flow. This study assesses the ability of tonometry to measure differential effects of opiate and epidural ...
Uusaro A - - 2000
Gastric mucosal-arterial PCO2 gradient (P(g-a)CO2) is used to assess splanchnic perfusion and oxygenation. We evaluated whether P(g-a)CO2 reflects whole body (Q) and splanchnic (Qsp) blood flow, oxygen delivery (DO2) and consumption (VO2) after coronary artery by pass graft (CABG) operation. Thirty patients received dobutamine or dopexamine to increase cardiac index, ...
Kumagai S - - 2000
A simple lung model (mucosal blood flow and metabolism model, MBM model) was developed to describe the uptake of organic solvents and investigate the role of mucosal blood flow and metabolism. The model separates the lung into four compartments, the peripheral bronchial tract (gas phase), the mucus layer lining the ...
Tavares I A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In the stomach, constitutive cyclooxygenase (COX-1) synthesizes prostaglandins that maintain the integrity of the gastric mucosa, while their inhibition contributes to gastric mucosal damage. In contrast COX-2, an inducible enzyme, forms prostanoids involved in pain and inflammation. AIM: To compare prostaglandin synthesis inhibition by meloxicam, a selective COX-2 NSAID ...
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