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Wali R K RK Department of Internal Medicine, Evanston-Northwestern Healthcare, Evanston, IL 60201, - - 2005
Increased premalignant epithelial microvascular blood content is a common theme in neoplastic transformation; however, demonstration of this phenomenon in colon carcinogenesis has been stymied by methodological limitations. Our group has recently developed a novel optics technology, four dimensional elastic light scattering fingerprinting (4D-ELF), which allows examination of the colonic mucosal ...
Buise Marc P - - 2005
Esophagectomy followed by gastric tube reconstruction is the surgical treatment of choice for patients with esophageal cancer. Complications of the cervical anastomosis are associated with impaired microvascular blood flow (MBF) and ischemia in the gastric fundus. The aim of the present study was to differentiate whether the decrease in MBF ...
Fisher Elaine M - - 2005
Critical care nurses assess and treat clinical conditions associated with inadequate oxygenation. Changes in regional organ (gut) blood flow are believed to occur in response to a decrease in oxygenation. Although the stomach is a widely accepted monitoring site, there are multiple methodological and measurement issues associated with the gastric ...
Zhang Lian-yang - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of cisapride on gastric injury following hemorrhagic shock resuscitation. METHODS: 108 Wistar rats weighing (200 g+/-30 g) were randomly divided into a sham shock (SS) group (n=36), a hemorrhagic shock resuscitation (HS) group (n=36) and a hemorrhagic shock cisapride treated (HSC) group (n=36). Sampling ...
Kawakubo Keishi - - 2005
RX 77368 (RX) increases gastric mucosal blood flow by a vagal cholinergic mechanism. The relative roles of mucosal and connective tissue mast cells (MMC and CTMC) were investigated in RX-injected rats. Blood flow and mast cell degranulation were measured after intracisternal RX. RX significantly increased gastric mucosal blood flow, and ...
Jakob S M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Histamine(2) (H(2))-blocking agents can attenuate intragastric CO(2)-production by reducing gastric acid secretion and preventing the interaction between H(+) and bicarbonate. However, gastric acid production may be impaired in acute circulatory failure due to poor mucosal perfusion, and H(2)-blockade could further impair mucosal perfusion. METHODS: Forty patients with acute circulatory ...
Patiño-Marín Nuria - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To systematize a procedure that allows one to characterize the perfusion response pattern of attached gingiva to the topical and transitory compression of alveolar mucose, using laser-Doppler flowmetry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out, in 20 healthy adult subjects of either sex, with teeth in antero-mandibular ...
Rodríguez Myrian R - - 2005
We sought to establish Endothelin (ET-3) role in the central regulation of bile secretion in the rat. The intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of ET-3 evoked a cholestatic or a choleretic effect depending on the administered dose. Lower doses increased bile flow and bicarbonate excretion, whereas higher doses decreased bile flow and ...
Pljesa Steva - - 2005
"Watermelon stomach" is a common name for gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE syndrome). This endoscopic finding is characterized by the appearance of parallel longitudinal red columns along mucosal folds, along with capillars dilatation and hemorrhagy. Finding reliable method for its recognition is of paramount importance. Patient B.D., a 54-year-old woman, ...
Gupta Richa - - 2005
The present study was planned to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of Hippophae rhamnoides L. against the toxic effects of arsenic in mice. H. rhamnoides L. is used as an herbal remedy for gastric ulcers, burns, and some skin and allergic diseases. Twenty-five Swiss albino mice were exposed to arsenic (25 ...
Weiss Markus - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare liver tissue oxygenation determined by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with central venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)) and intestinal perfusion as measured by gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) in pediatric surgical patients. METHODS: Twenty children undergoing craniofacial surgery with expected major intraoperative blood loss ...
Benjamin E - - 2004
General anaesthesia, often causes a widespread vasodilation, producing a hyperaemic nasal mucosa, hence the need for a topical application to decongest the nose and reduce the nasal blood flow to optimize the operative field. The use of a combination of cocaine, sodium bicarbonate and adrenaline given the eponymous title of ...
Yasui Hiroyuki - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) is well known to have a wide variety of biological and physiological functions in animals. On the basis of the fact that Fe(II)-dithiocarbamates react with NO, a Fe(II)-N-(dithiocarboxy)sarcosine complex (Fe(II)-DTCS) was proposed as a trapping agent for endogenous NO. However, quantitative pharmacokinetic investigation for NO-Fe(II)-dithiocarbamate complexes in ...
Ramirez F C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In animals, hydrochloric acid increases blood flow and mucus secretion in the duodenal mucosa. A significant correlation between index of haemoglobin oxygen saturation and mucosal blood flow, and between change in index of haemoglobin concentration and mucus thickness, respectively, has been demonstrated by reflectance spectrophotometry. AIM: To examine the ...
Lindemann J - - 2004
Benzalkonium chloride is a preservative commonly used in nasal decongestant sprays. It has been suggested that benzalkonium chloride may be harmful to the nasal mucosa. Decongestion with the vasoconstrictor xylometazoline containing benzalkonium chloride has been shown to cause a significant reduction of the nasal mucosal temperature. The purpose of the ...
Deveaux Marc - - 2004
Colchicine overdose is uncommon but potentially life threatening because of the high toxicity of the drug. Poisoning by colchicine may occur following ingestion of medication used in acute attacks of gout and inflammatory diseases. We describe two cases involving suicide by the ingestion of medications marketed in France. In case ...
Tsai Tung-Hu - - 2004
A method coupled with microdialysis technique and liquid chromatography was applied in the continuous and concurrent in vivo monitoring of extracellular hesperidin in the blood and bile of anaesthetized rats. Hesperidin was intravenously administered via the femoral vein. Sampling was achieved using two microdialysis probes, which were implanted into the ...
Filaretova L P - - 2004
Our previous results demonstrate the gastroprotective but not ulcerogenic action of glucocorticoids released in response to ulcerogenic stress factors. The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the gastroprotective action of glucocorticoids in rat stomachs. The effects of deficiency of glucocorticoid production, with or without corticosterone supplementation, ...
Yang Jenn-Ming - - 2004
We present a case of urethral mucosa prolapse in a postmenopausal woman. Transperineal gray-scale sonograms revealed a clover-shaped, hypoechoic mass protruding from the urethral meatus. Doppler studies revealed blood flow within the protruding mass. Detection of feeding arteries and draining veins contributed to exclude the possibility of necrosis and gangrene, ...
Bregonzio C - - 2004
Cold-restraint stress reduces gastric blood flow and produces acute gastric ulcers. We studied the role of Angiotensin II (Ang II) on gastric blood flow and gastric ulceration during stress. Spontaneously hypertensive rats, a stress-sensitive strain, were pretreated for 14 days with the AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan before cold-restraint stress. AT(1) ...
Costa Silvia F SF Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock 72205, - - 2004
Nosocomial bacteraemia is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost worldwide, and is most commonly caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci (CONS). Establishing the source of CONS bacteraemia is therefore important in the prevention and management of this infection. CONS infections are presumed to originate at the cutaneous sites of central venous ...
Tabira Yoichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the impact of the size of gastric tubes on tissue blood flow of the anastomotic site, the frequency of leakage and the postoperative nutritional status. METHODS: Forty-four patients were randomly allocated to either reconstruction using subtotal stomach (n = 22) or to reconstruction using slender gastric tube ...
Jarrett M E D - - 2004
The aim of the study was to determine if there is a permanent disorder of mucosal blood flow in patients with solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) or a disorder related to autonomic gut innervation and physiological function that is reversible concomitant with successful treatment. Rectal mucosal blood flow was used ...
Rokyta Richard R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of post-pyloric enteral nutrition (EN) on hepato-splanchnic and systemic hemodynamics, metabolism and gastric mucosal energy balance in septic patients. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Ten hemodynamically stable, mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis. Eight patients ...
Zmora O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The procedure for prolapsing hemorrhoids (PPH) is a new surgical method for the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids. In cases of recurrent prolapse, the performance of a second PPH may result in a ring of mucosa and submucosa between the two circular staple lines. In this study, we used a ...
Inada Takefumi - - 2004
The use of radiolabelled markers is considered to be a gold standard for assessing gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit in mice and rats, but their use has increasingly been restricted due to health concern. Therefore, a new method using fluorescent polystyrene microbeads and flow cytometry was devised. Saline containing fluorescent ...
Westphal Martin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is increasingly used in the therapy of septic patients with hypotension. However, its effects on the microvascular networks have not been studied in detail. This study was designed to determine the effects of AVP infusion on the villus microcirculation of the septic rat ileum. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Gladwin Mark T - - 2004
While it has long been known that the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide (NO) forms iron-nitrosyl-myoglobin and is the basis of meat curing, a greater biological activity of the nitrite anion has only recently been appreciated. In the stomach, NO is formed from acidic reduction of nitrite and increases ...
Teymoortash A - - 2003
There are no uniformly accepted criteria for the management of epistaxis. The usefulness of ice application in the treatment of epistaxis as a first aid method is not generally accepted, but is widespread. In order to evaluate the effect of cold application on the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa, ...
Tenhunen J J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Whilst dopexamine appears to increase overall splanchnic blood flow in postoperative and septic patients, the effects on gastric mucosal perfusion are controversial and based on concomitantly increasing mucosal to arterial PCO(2) gradients (PdCO(2)). We hypothesized that dopexamine alters splanchnic blood flow distribution and metabolism during experimental endotoxin shock and ...
SiƄski M - - 2003
Respiratory failure coincides frequently with the occurrence of gastric ulceration. In advanced respiratory insufficiency hypoxemia is often accompanied by hypercapnia, which is the stimulus for central chemoreceptors as well as for carotid body chemoreceptors. The purpose of the work was to investigate the reflex effect of stimulation of central chemoreceptors ...
Bux Roman - - 2003
A 32-year-old man used a self-made electrical instrument to collect earthworms for fishing. It consisted of a metal stick with a plastic handle. The stick was connected to a 10 m long wire which ended in a single-phase plug. After watering the lawn and connecting the plug to one phase ...
Lázár György - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gastric tube formation is a surgical technique to reestablish the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract after esophagectomy. Our aims were to study the microcirculatory consequences of experimental gastric tube formation and characterize the effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) during this condition. METHODS: The experiments were performed on mongrel ...
Knuesel Rafael - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: pCO(2) gradients are used for the assessment of splanchnic regional and local mucosal blood flow changes in experimental and clinical research. pCO(2) gradients may not parallel blood flow changes because of concomitant changes in metabolism, hemoglobin, temperature, and the Haldane effect. DESIGN AND SETTING: A randomized, controlled animal experiment ...
Sekido Mitsuru - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although gastric tubes are commonly used in thoracic esophageal reconstruction, sometimes circumstances are such that an alternative method must be found. On these occasions, pedicled jejunum transfer and colonic interposition are used. After reconstruction, partial necrosis can occur because of poor blood flow in the oral end of the ...
Mottino Aldo D - - 2003
Estradiol-17beta-D-glucuronide (E2-17G) induces an acute but reversible inhibition of bile flow after its intravenous administration to rats, due in part to the endocytic retrieval of the canalicular multidrug resistance-associated transporter protein 2 and the bile salt export pump, transporters that contribute to bile flow. Decreased bile salt-independent bile flow (BSIF) ...
Schwarte Lothar A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of fenoldopam and dopamine on gastric mucosal and systemic oxygenation, and to identify the receptors involved. DESIGN: Randomized controlled animal study. SETTING: University research department of experimental anesthesiology. SUBJECTS Seven anesthetized dogs with chronically implanted ultrasound flow probes around the pulmonary artery for continuous measurement ...
Senjyu Susumu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) for treatment of esophagogastric varices is well established in Japan. However, varices may still recur unpredictably following EIS. We studied this problem using endoscopic color Doppler ultrasonography (ECDUS) and specifically examined esophagogastric blood flows. METHODS: Prophylactic EIS was performed by intravariceal injection of 5% ethanolamine ...
Ikeda Yoshifumi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: An extra-anatomic reconstruction would be beneficial in preventing recurrent malignant dysphagia. A long gastric tube that allowed a sufficient blood flow was necessary to perform the successful cervical anastomosis through the retrosternal route. METHODS: The gastric tube was created by means of separate division and closure of the seromuscular ...
Cohn Leah A - - 2003
A 10.8-year-old, spayed female toy poodle presented with an esophageal foreign body. The foreign body was removed endoscopically, and a gastrostomy tube was placed to provide nutritional support during esophageal healing. The gastrostomy tube was later removed by endoscopic retrieval of the bulb through the esophagus. Immediately afterward, the dog ...
Pissinati Rafael - - 2003
The present study was conducted in order to analyze the viability of the spouted bed process for application of a gastric-resistant coating to soft gelatin capsules. The variables investigated were: included angle of conical base, (gamma), the relation between the feed mass flow rate of the coating suspension and the ...
Deters Michael - - 2003
Former studies have shown that curcumin, which can be extracted from different Curcuma species, is able to stimulate bile flow and to reduce hypercholesterolemia. We investigated in a subchronic bile fistula model the ability of curcumin to reduce cyclosporine-induced cholestasis and hypercholesterolemia. Male Wistar rats were daily treated with curcumin ...
Elizalde J Ignasi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The impact of H. pylori infection on gastric mucosal blood flow and NSAID-induced gastric damage is unclear. AIM: To study the effects of H. pylori infection on gastric mucosal blood flow, both at basal conditions and after NSAID exposure, and its relation with mucosal damage and nitric oxide production. ...
Dutton Christopher J - - 2003
Snakes from temperate climates are often made to hibernate in zoos to stimulate reproduction. Unfortunately, deaths have occurred during and after hibernation. This study evaluated the health status, pre- and posthibernation, of 31 adult viperid snakes. It included morphometric measurements, hematology, and blood chemistry. No differences were seen in body ...
Shibata Atsuko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: the H type I structure, synthesized by the secretor (Se) enzyme in gastric foveolar cells, and its metabolite, Lewis b (le(b)) antigen, mediate the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori ( H. Pylori) to the gastric epithelium, whereas H. Pylori does not bind to modified forms of Le(b) specific for blood ...
Niitsuma Junko - - 2003
An animal model of decubitus ulcer was created with the use of ear lobes of Japanese white rabbits. When the strength of the cyclic compressions and the duration of the cycles of compression and release are adjusted, the model successfully reproduced the four grades used to characterize decubitus ulcer. Compressions ...
Chung S C S - - 2003
Endoscopic therapy is now the first-line treatment for the management of acute ulcer bleeding. Of the many endoscopic methods available, combination treatment using adrenaline injection to arrest the active bleeding, followed by thermal or electrical coagulation to seal the vessel, is currently the most popular. Endoscopic ulcer haemostasis is technically ...
Krejci Vladimir - - 2003
Splanchnic ischemia is believed to play an important role in the development of multiple organ dysfunction in septic shock. The vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin can produce an intense and sustained splanchnic vasoconstriction and is increased in sepsis. The aim of this investigation was to study the effects of an endothelin antagonist ...
Zhang Hongjun - - 2002
Stent placement above the sphincter of Oddi might have advantages over stent placement across the sphincter of Oddi in prolonging stent patency in the treatment for malignant obstructive jaundice. To evaluate the role of bile flow patterns corresponding to biliary stent positioning in the process of stent occlusion in an ...
Yoshida Masashi - - 2002
Microcirculatory disturbance of the gastric wall is a crucial factor in the development of gastric mucosal lesions induced by Helicobacter pylori, anti-inflammatory drugs and stress. Opening of the arteriovenous shunting channel after thermal injury is one of the possible mechanisms to reduce mucosal blood flow. However, no in vivo observation ...
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