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Leung Felix W - - 2008
The use of reflectance spectrophotometry (RS) for mucosal hemodynamic measurement relies on the recognition of changes in indexes of mucosal hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation. Endoscopic application in clinical studies has confirmed important observations demonstrated in animal experiments. The vasoconstriction induced by propranolol, vasopressin, glypressin, or somatostatin in the portal ...
Polyak M M R - - 2008
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Several therapeutic agents have been tested in models of ischaemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) in equine jejunum, with mixed results. This study was based on the use of an organ perfusion solution (OPS) designed to protect human allografts from IRI. HYPOTHESIS: A modified OPS can preserve ...
Yan B M - - 2008
Endocytoscopy (ECS) is a new technology that enables endoscopists to visualize gastrointestinal mucosa at the cellular level. This reported case demonstrates the ability to visualize real-time blood flow utilizing ECS. Methylene blue dye was sprayed onto normal rectal mucosa during a routine screening colonoscopy of an asymptomatic patient. High-magnification views ...
Mawdsley Joel E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Hypnotherapy is effective in several diseases with a psychosomatic component. Our aim was to study the effects of one session of hypnosis on the systemic and rectal mucosal inflammatory responses in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: In total, 17 patients with active UC underwent a 50-min session ...
Wu Keng-Liang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Ginger has been reported to improve upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Little information about the effects of ginger on gastric motor function, exists, however. Our aim was to investigate the effects of ginger on gastric emptying, antral motility, proximal gastric dimensions, and postprandial symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy volunteers were studied twice ...
Bludau M - - 2008
Anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy and esophagogastrostomy depends on the vascularization of the gastric conduit. So far, no adequate methods are available to monitor postoperatively mucosal microcirculation of the gastric conduit. The aim of this experimental study was to assess a recently developed microprobe with a microlight-guide spectrophotometer (O2C, Fa. LEA ...
Li W G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the morphologic changes in the hepatohilar peribiliary vascular plexus (PVP) and the pathology of the bile duct walls after cessation of hepatic artery blood supply in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) experimental mice were randomly divided into a control and ...
Kubo S - - 2007
To clarify roles of H2S in regulation of gastric circulation, we investigated effects of NaHS, a H2S donor, on tension of isolated rat gastric artery and gastric mucosal blood flow in rats. In the precontracted ring preparations, NaHS caused contraction and relaxation at low and high concentrations, respectively. The NaHS-induced ...
Shastri Yogesh M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Submucosal injection of fluid is used to elevate lesions in order to prevent perforation, which is the most calamitous complication during endoscopic resection therapies. There are several injection options when performing mucosal elevation (normal saline (NS), sodium hyaluronate (SH), etc.). Submucosal injection of fresh, autologous blood offers some advantages ...
Nishizawa Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Harmonic flash echo imaging, which is an intermittent second harmonic imaging technique, has recently been developed for the evaluation of blood flow. The present study was designed to investigate human gastric blood flow during administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by harmonic flash echo imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight ...
Mine Shinichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mucosal injury caused by gastroesophageal reflux may result in changes in esophageal mucosal blood flow. Little is known about esophageal mucosal blood flow in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Here we examined esophageal mucosal blood flow and the effects of treatment in patients with GERD. METHODS: ...
Filaretova Ludmila - - 2007
Gastric ulcer disease remains widespread; a stressful lifestyle and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) make significant contributions to this pathological situation. The findings overviewed here support the idea that glucocorticoid hormones released in response to acute stress or NSAIDs act as gastroprotective substances and exert many of the same actions in ...
Hellgren Johan - - 2007
This study is the first to validate the Rhinolux against acoustic rhinometry in detecting nasal mucosal swelling when changing body position from sitting to supine. The Rhinolux (Rhios GmbH, Germany) is a new device using a light-absorption technique called nasal spectroscopy and to measure changes in nasal blood volume as ...
Leung Felix W - - 2007
Clinical studies reveal that aspirin intake to prevent myocardial and cerebral ischemia is associated with a significant increase in upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring hospitalization and that nitroglycerin or long-acting nitrates significantly lower this risk. Nitroglycerin can increase gastric blood flow and slow gastric emptying. We hypothesized that both features contribute ...
Kim Hyung-Keun - - 2007
The precise mechanisms of acute damage and the role of gastric mucosal blood flow in gastric mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effect of rebamipide on gastric mucosal injury and reduction of gastric mucosal blood flow ...
Mitsuoka Yutaka - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of gastrointestinal blood flow is important. However, a non-invasive measurement method has not yet been established. The aim of this study was to compare measurement of normal gastric mucosal blood flow by advanced dynamic flow (ADF) flash echo imaging (FEI) with intravenous Levovist with measurement by laser Doppler ...
Kono Koji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The reasons for anastomotic leakage in esophago-gastrostomy have been proposed to be poor arterial inflow and insufficient venous drainage at the anastomotic site. In order to improve the congestive status, we developed a novel and easy surgical procedure of transient bloodletting from the short gastric vein after making a ...
Kamm M A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Constipation, diminished gut blood flow, ischaemic colitis and drug therapy may be associated. AIM: To study the effect of constipating medication on, and the regulation of, gut blood flow. METHODS: 24 healthy females (mean age 30) received, in a double-blind, three-way crossover study: (i) placebo, (ii) ipratropium 40 microg ...
Amelink A - - 2008
Differential path-length spectroscopy (DPS) was used to non-invasively determine the superficial optical properties of oral mucosa in vivo. DPS yields information on physiological parameters such as the mucosal blood content, the microvascular blood oxygenation and the average micro-vessel diameter as well as on morphological parameters such as the scattering slope ...
Wen Wei-Dong - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether intranasal administration of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) could relieve the typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) and alter substance P (SP)- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-immunoreactive (IR) expression in nasal mucosa of AR animals sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA). METHODS: ...
Giday S A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Creation of a submucosal cushion before endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) significantly reduces perforation risk. We evaluated six solutions as cushioning agents in live pigs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 5 ml of normal saline, normal saline plus epinephrine, albumin 12.5 %, albumin 25 %, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, and the ...
Sikiric P - - 2006
Gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (GEPPPGKPADDAGLV, M.W. 1419, safe in clinical trials for inflammatory bowel disease (PL 10, PLD 116, PLD 14736, Pliva, Croatia)) has a particular cytoprotective/adaptive cytoprotective activity. The cytoprotective/adaptive cytoprotection researches largely neglect that stomach distension could per se jeopardize the mucosal integrity, with constantly stretched mucosa and ...
Ravnic Dino J - - 2007
Blood flowing across the vascular endothelium creates wall shear stress, dependent on velocity of flow and vessel geometry, that tends to disrupt lymphocyte-endothelial cell adhesion. The microcirculation in a murine model of acute colitis was investigated to identify structural adaptations during acute colitis that may facilitate transmigration. In 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid-induced ...
Petersson Joel - - 2007
Salivary nitrate from dietary or endogenous sources is reduced to nitrite by oral bacteria. In the acidic stomach, nitrite is further reduced to bioactive nitrogen oxides, including nitric oxide (NO). In this study, we investigated the gastroprotective role of nitrate intake and of luminally applied nitrite against provocation with diclofenac ...
Funatsu Toshiyuki - - 2007
The mechanism by which nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) suppress gastric mucosal blood flow is not fully understood, although the depletion of mucosal prostaglandin E2 has been proposed as one possible explanation. We investigated the role of gastric acid on gastric mucosal blood flow in NSAID-treated rats. A rat stomach was ...
Zhang Dong - - 2006
The objectives of this study are to establish a gastric ischemia-reperfusion model and test it using the laser Doppler blood perfusion imaging (LDPI) method and to evaluate the role of the LDPI technique in the measure of gastric blood circulation. The right gastric artery of the rat was clamped for ...
Perin Daniel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The net effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution with different hemoglobin levels on splanchnic perfusion have not been elucidated. The hypothesis that during moderate and severe normovolemic hemodilution, systemic and splanchnic hemodynamic parameters, oxygen-derived variables, and biochemical markers of anaerobic metabolism do not reflect the adequacy of gastric mucosa, was ...
Sato Tomoyuki - - 2006
PURPOSE: Endoscopic mucosal resection assisted by submucosal injection of saline is a widely used procedure; however, it has three limitations: 1) it often is difficult to maintain a desirable level of tissue elevation after the injection; 2) the saline has no efficacy in preventing hemorrhage; 3) nothing can protect the ...
Chu Yueng-Hsiang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cold causes cutaneous vasoconstriction to reduce body heat loss, while the nasal cavity warms up the inspired cold air. This suggests cooling might evoke a different response in nasal mucosa blood vessels than in cutaneous blood vessels. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Tradtrantip Lukmanee - - 2006
Insertion of transporter proteins into the apical canalicular membrane via vesicular transport is one of several choleretic mechanisms. Based on different choleretic activities of hydroxyacetophenone analogues including 4-mono; 2,6-di and 2,4,6-trihydroxy-acetophenone (MHA, DHA and THA), the present study aims to determine if these compounds stimulated vesicular transport in hepatocytes. Hydroxyacetophenone ...
Kamino Daisuke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography has become a method of choice for evaluating gastric blood flow, but intermittent scanning techniques can sometimes distort the results. Low-mechanical index imaging using Definity as the injected contrast material has been advocated for real-time evaluation of microperfusion in other organs. We investigated the reliability of low-mechanical ...
Ui Iori - - 2006
Methods proposed for in vivo redox status estimation, X-band (9.4 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) bile flow monitoring (BFM) and 300 MHz in vivo EPR measurement, were compared. The spin probe 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (carbamoyl-PROXYL) was utilized for both methods, due to its suitable lipophilicity. EPR signal decay of a nitroxyl spin ...
Rodda Kabrena E - - 2006
The post-mortem redistribution of a number of psychiatric drugs was investigated. A portion of liver, the gastric contents and blood collected from heart and femoral sites was obtained from 13 cases and analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Drugs detected included five selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; venlafaxine, a serotonin/noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor; ...
Shah Dhvanit I - - 2006
A new use of methylene blue as an ulcerogenic agent and the mechanisms involved were identified with an objective to exploit methylene blue as a pharmacological tool to study investigational antiulcer agents. Ulcerogenic potential was assessed using electron microscopy and measurement of an ulcer index after administering methylene blue (5-125 ...
Monnet Eric - - 2006
To validate laser doppler flowmetry (LDF) for measurement of blood flow in the stomach wall of dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Six purpose-bred dogs and 24 dogs with naturally occurring GDV. Experimental and clinical. Capillary blood flow in the body of the stomach and pyloric antrum was measured with LDF ...
Sekido M - - 2006
AIM OF THE STUDY: A gastric tube is commonly used in thoracic esophageal reconstruction. When a gastric tube is not available, pedicled jejunum transfer and colonic interposition are alternative methods. Oral end of the reconstructed esophagus occasionally has poor blood flow and may result in partial necrosis of the oral ...
Buise Marc - - 2006
Complications of oesophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction include leakage and stenosis, which may be due to compromised microvascular blood flow (MBF) in gastric tissue. We recently demonstrated that decreased MBF could be improved perioperatively by topical administration of nitroglycerin. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether nitroglycerin, ...
Brell Bernhard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Disturbances of intestinal microcirculation associated with sepsis and septic shock result in diminished mucosal oxygenation. Tissue hypoxia as well as mediator formation may lead to intestinal mucosa dysfunction. As a consequence, bacteria and their products as well as gut-derived inflammatory mediators may further perpetuate septic and inflammatory events. Adrenomedullin ...
Strain George M - - 2005
Gastric ulcers are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the critically ill, especially those with CNS injury. We used cervical spinal cord transection (CCT) in the rat to model these ulcers and examined the effect of core body temperature and vascular volume on gastric ulcerogenesis. Hypothermia significantly increased ...
Oltean M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Graft endothelium constitutes a prime target during acute rejection. Infiltration of T cells, monocytes, and enhanced endothelial-leukocyte interactions result in microvascular impairment and altered perfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured mucosal blood flow using a laser Doppler flowmeter in three patients undergoing multivisceral transplantation. Thirty-seven measurements were performed through ...
Omari Taher I - - 2006
Intraluminal impedance, a nonradiological method for assessing bolus flow within the gut, may be suitable for investigating pharyngeal disorders. This study evaluated an impedance technique for the detection of pharyngeal bolus flow during swallowing. Patterns of pharyngoesophageal pressure and impedance were simultaneously recorded with videofluoroscopy in 10 healthy volunteers during ...
Kintz Pascal - - 2005
The first case in France involving a fatal overdose resulting from the ingestion of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is presented. GHB was tested by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after precipitation. Briefly, 20 microL of body fluids (blood, bile, urine, gastric contents, or vitreous humor) was pipetted in a glass tube, followed by ...
Poli de Figueiredo Luiz Francisco - - 2005
Splanchnic hypoperfusion has been implicated as the motor of multiple organ dysfunction. Hypertonic saline has shown to benefit microcirculatory blood flow. In hemorrhaged animals, we tested the hypothesis that small-volume 3% NaCl/10% dextran 40 (3%HSD) promotes global and regional improvements, including gastric mucosal acidosis reversal. Seventeen dogs (18.8 +/- 1.2 ...
Zhang Jian-Xin - - 2005
AIM: To explore the relationship between gastric and intestinal microcirculatory impairment and inflammatory mediators released in rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). METHODS: A total of 64 rats were randomized into control group and ANP group. ANP model was induced by injection of 5% sodium taurocholate under the pancreatic membrane. ...
Henriksnäs J - - 2005
AIM: In vivo models for studying gastrointestinal physiology and pathophysiology are well established in rats. Since a number of genetically modified mice are available there is a need for reliable mouse models. The aim of this project was to develop an in vivo mouse model for gastrointestinal studies. METHODS: C57bl/6, ...
Hata J - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effect of famotidine on gastric blood flow reduction induced by diclofenac sodium, a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug in Japan, using laser Doppler flowmetry in the canine stomach. METHODS: The gastric mucosal blood flow was measured by laser Doppler flowmetry in 15 healthy male beagles before and ...
Agnello Kimberly A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vivo effects of tepoxalin, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX), on prostaglandin (PG) and leukotriene production in osteoarthritic dogs. ANIMALS: 7 mixed-breed adult dogs with chronic unilateral arthritis of a stifle joint. PROCEDURE: Dogs were treated in accordance with a randomized 3-way crossover design. ...
Leung P S - - 2005
Despite the requirement for increased iron delivery for erythropoiesis during hypoxia, there is very little information on how duodenal iron uptake and its transfer to the blood adapts to this condition. To assess the effects of 30 days of chronic hypoxia in rats on luminal iron uptake and transfer of ...
Kocabalkan Engin - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study investigated the influence of hard and resilient polymerized acrylic resin base materials on the blood flow of the supporting underlying mucosa of mandibular denture wearers during different denture-wearing periods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were carried out on 20 complete denture wearers, 10 with hard bases and 10 ...
Reavis Kevin M - - 2005
Complications of anastomotic healing are a common source of morbidity and mortality after esophagogastrostomy. The delay phenomenon is seen when a skin flap is partially devascularized in a staged procedure prior to its definitive placement, resulting in increased blood flow at the time of grafting. This effect may be applied ...
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