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Schulz Brian M - - 2014
Joint pain accompanied by erythema, swelling, and decreased range of motion is concerning for septic arthritis and typically warrants joint aspiration. The synovial fluid white blood cell count plays a central role in the decision-making process regarding these patients. Traditional teaching holds that a cell count greater than 50,000 white ...
Gragert Loren L From the National Marrow Donor Program/Be the Match, Minneapolis (L.G., E.W., J.F., D.C., M.M.); the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, Milwaukee and Minneapolis (M.E., S.S., J.D.R., M.H.); and the Blood Stem Cell Transplantation Program, Division of Transplantation, Health Resources and Services Administration (R.B.), and the C.W. Bill Young Marrow Donor Recruitment and Research Program, Department of Defense Marrow Donor Recruitment and Research Program, Bone Marrow Research Directorate, Naval Medical Research Center, Department of the Navy (R.H.) - both in Washington, - - 2014
Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is a potentially lifesaving therapy for several blood cancers and other diseases. For patients without a suitable related HLA-matched donor, unrelated-donor registries of adult volunteers and banked umbilical cord-blood units, such as the Be the Match Registry operated by the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP), provide ...
Menendez Mariano E ME Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Yawkey Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Suite 2100, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
Surgeons commonly arrange for patients to perform autologous blood donation before elective orthopaedic surgery. Understanding sociodemographic patterns of use of autologous blood transfusion can help improve quality of care and cost containment. We sought to determine whether there were (1) racial disparities, (2) insurance-based disparities, or (3) income-based disparities in ...
Lynch Jennifer M JM Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypoxic-ischemic white mater brain injury commonly occurs in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Approximately one half of HLHS survivors will exhibit neurobehavioral symptoms believed to be associated with this injury, although the exact timing of the injury is unknown. Neonates with HLHS were recruited for pre- and postoperative ...
Rashidi Armin A Division of Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
A 78-year-old female presented with fatigue. Laboratory investigations showed: white blood cells 56 x 10(9) /L, hemoglobin 11.2 g/dL, platelets 116 x 10(9) /L, alanine transmainase 151 U/L, aspartate transaminase 611 U/L, lactate dehydrogenase 16820 U/L, and uric acid 11.7 mg/dL. Human immunodeficiency virus serology was negative. Peripheral blood smear ...
James Adelbert B AB Center for Transfusion and Cellular Therapies, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; ABJ Health Consulting Solutions, Inc., Suwanee, - - 2014
Lack of ready access to a donation site may be a potential barrier to or influence the frequency of blood donations. In this study, we applied geographic analysis to blood donor behavior and use of different donation sites. The study population consisted of blood donors who gave whole blood in ...
Kim Ah Hyun AH Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
We evaluated the efficacy of white blood cell (WBC) differential counts in severely leukopenic samples by the Hematoflow method and by automated hematology analyzers and compared the results with manual counts. EDTA-anticoagulated blood samples (175 samples) with WBC counts of 40-990/µL were selected. Hematoflow differential counts were performed in duplicates ...
Zheng Qian Q School of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
To develop and validate an automated segmentation method that extracts the interventricular septum (IS) from myocardial black-blood images for the T2* measurement in thalassemia patients. A total of 144 thalassemia major patients (age range, 11-51 years; 73 males) were scanned with a black-blood multi-echo gradient-echo sequence using a 1.5 Tesla ...
Lotens A A Service du Sang, Croix-Rouge de Belgique, Suarlée, - - 2014
TACSI whole blood system is designed to combine primary and secondary processing of six whole blood bags into plasma units, buffy coat and red blood cell concentrates. The aim of this study was to investigate the specifications and in vitro storage parameters of blood components compared with standard centrifugation and ...
Hooper Sarah E SE Department of Pathobiology, University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbia, - - 2014
Bats are useful animal models for the study of unique physiological mechanisms such as echolocation and sensory integration as well as for research on white-nose syndrome. These studies may involve collecting blood samples from bats. This column describes safe techniques for restraint, weighing, fluid administration and blood collection from the ...
Guenther Sabina S Epilepsy Center Hessen, Department of Neurology, Philipps-University Marburg, Baldingerstr. 1, 35043 Marburg, Germany; University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is growing evidence that complex interactions between seizures and the immune system shape the course of epilepsy. However, systematic analyses of the effects of antiepileptic drugs (AED) on the immune system in humans are rare. We performed a prospective study on the influence of the widely used AED valproate ...
Farooqui W W Gastroenheden, Kirurgisk Sektion, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, - - 2014
Appendicitis is a frequent reason for hospital admissions. Elevated C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and serum bilirubin have been suggested as individual markers for appendicitis and appendiceal perforation. The aim of this study was to analyze if a combination of serologic markers could increase the prognostic accuracy of diagnosing ...
Fedosov Dmitry A DA Theoretical Soft Matter and Biophysics, Institute of Complex Systems, Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany. - - 2014
Proper functioning of white blood cells is not possible without their ability to adhere to vascular endothelium, which may occur only if they are close enough to vessel walls. To facilitate the adhesion, white blood cells migrate toward the vessel walls in blood flow through a process called margination. The ...
Ahmed Nishat Hussain NH Assistant Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Delhi State Cancer Institute , Dilshad Garden, Delhi-110095, India - - 2014
Quantitative buffy coat (QBC) analysis, which is based on principle of centrifugal stratification of blood components, is a well-known and a very sensitive technique which can be used for the detection of malarial parasites in peripheral blood. In our experience, this technique is also highly specific for doing speciation of ...
Kotani Kazuhiko K Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-City, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
White blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) level are the most common markers of inflammation. There is a growing need for point-of-care testing (POCT) of WBC and CRP, and more advances in convenient devices are required. We developed an analyzer-free POCT system for measuring WBC and CRP using ...
Arslan Salim S Department of Computer Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara, - - 2014
Computer-based imaging systems are becoming important tools for quantitative assessment of peripheral blood and bone marrow samples to help experts diagnose blood disorders such as acute leukemia. These systems generally initiate a segmentation stage where white blood cells are separated from the background and other nonsalient objects. As the success ...
Qian Feng - - 2014
Racial disparities in healthcare in the United States are widespread and have been well documented. However, it is unknown whether racial disparities exist in the use of blood transfusion for patients undergoing major surgery. We used the University HealthSystem Consortium database (2009-2011) to examine racial disparities in perioperative red blood ...
Rai Ruchi R Department of Pediatrics, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. - - 2014
The immediate and short term outcomes of term newborns with perinatal asphyxia were studied in relation to the nucleated red blood cell count at admission. The mean (SD) NRBC/100WBC (white blood cells) was significantly higher in sequelae group than normal [9.8 (98.9) vs. 2.9 (43); P = 0.001].
Tenório M S MS Department of Microbiology and Immunology, IBB/UNESP, Botucatu 18618-970, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diverse wild animal species can be reservoirs of zoonotic flagellate parasites, which can cause pathologic Chagas disease. The present study aimed to detect the natural occurrence of flagellate parasites through direct microscopic examination of the parasites in blood samples and through PCR of whole blood and blood culture (haemoculture) samples ...
St-Louis M M Héma-Québec, Research and Development, Quebec - - 2014
The goal of this study was to establish a red blood cell antigen portrait of self-identified Black donors for the province of Quebec, Canada. The demand for extensively phenotyped red blood cells is on the rise. A good example is the sickle cell patient cohort. To better answer their transfusion ...
Kovach Kyle M KM Advanced Platform Technology Center (APT Center), Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, 44106, - - 2014
The current study demonstrates the first surface modification for poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic networks that displays a long shelf life as well as extended hemocompatibility. Uncoated PDMS microchannel networks rapidly adsorb high levels of fibrinogen in blood contacting applications. Fibrinogen adsorption initiates platelet activation, and causes a rapid increase in pressure ...
da Silva Wander J WJ Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of surface free energy (SFE) of denture base and liner materials on Candida albicans biofilm development. Discs were fabricated using poly(methyl methacrylate) acrylic resin and poly(ethyl methacrylate) denture liner, according to the manufacturers' instructions. For SFE test, discs were pellicle-coated with saliva alone, ...
Su Mu-Chun MC Department of Computer Science & Information Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli 32001, - - 2014
This paper presents a new white blood cell classification system for the recognition of five types of white blood cells. We propose a new segmentation algorithm for the segmentation of white blood cells from smear images. The core idea of the proposed segmentation algorithm is to find a discriminating region ...
Furutani Shunsuke S Health Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology - - 2014
On-site detection by flow-through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) microfluidic systems for rapid and highly sensitive analysis, are significantly desired for bioanalytical and medical research. The conventional continuous-flow PCR chips realized rapid detection, but their sensitivity was very low (10(6) to 10(8) copies μL(-1)). We improved this drawback by coating the ...
Li Xiufeng X Department of Radiology and Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, 2021 Sixth Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2014
To facilitate quantification of cerebellum cerebral blood flow (CBF), studies were performed to systematically optimize arterial spin labeling (ASL) parameters for measuring cerebellum perfusion, segment cerebellum to obtain separate CBF values for grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM), and compare FAIR ASST to PICORE. Cerebellum GM and WM CBF ...
Ochiai Kazuhiko K Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Tokyo, - - 2014
In April 2012 we carried out a 1-year hematological study on a population of wild Japanese monkeys inhabiting the forest area of Fukushima City. This area is located 70 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), which released a large amount of radioactive material into the environment following the ...
Pilch Wanda W Institute of Biomedical Science, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland. ; The State Higher Vocational School, Nowy Sącz, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Finnish sauna bathing on a white blood cell profile, cortisol levels and selected physiological indices in athletes and non-athletes. The study evaluated 9 trained middle-distance runners and 9 male non-athletes. The subjects from both groups participated in 15-minute ...
Ribeiro José M C JM Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 12735 Twinbrook Parkway, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The Nematocera infraorder Culicomorpha is believed to have descended from bloodfeeding ancestors over 200 million years ago, generating bloodfeeding and non-bloodfeeding flies in two superfamilies, the Culicoidea-containing the mosquitoes, the frog-feeding midges, the Chaoboridae, and the Dixidae-and the Chironomoidea-containing the black flies, the ceratopogonids, the Chironomidae, and the Thaumaleidae. Blood ...
Chakraborty Subhankar - - 2013
Leukemoid reaction is defined as leucocytosis >50,000/μL. When it occurs in association with a malignancy, and infection or leukemia has been ruled out, it is termed as paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction. A patient presented with fatigue, generalized weakness, and abdominal distension and was incidentally noted to have a white blood cell ...
Purkayastha Sushmita - - 2013
White matter hyperintensities (WMH) in elderly individuals with vascular diseases are presumed to be due to ischemic small vessel diseases; however, their etiology is unknown. We examined the cross-sectional relationship between cerebrovascular hemodynamics and white matter structural integrity in elderly individuals with vascular risk factors. White matter hyperintensity volumes, fractional ...
Pacioni Carlo C 1  School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, 6150, Western Australia, - - 2013
Abstract An accurate assessment of animal health is fundamental to disease investigation in wildlife. Blood samples (n = 609) from several populations of the endangered woylie or brush-tailed bettong (Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi), collected between March 2006 and April 2010 in Western Australia and South Australia, were used to establish hematologic reference ranges. ...
Mehrkens Lea R LR 1  Wildlife Health Center, One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis, 1089 Veterinary Medicine Drive, Davis, California 95616, - - 2013
Abstract We studied white-nosed coatis (Nasua narica) in Monteverde, Costa Rica to evaluate their potential as a reservoir for the vector-borne zoonotic parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and other selected microorganisms. We live-trapped 20 coatis in July and August 2011 and tested them for T. cruzi by blood smear, molecular analysis of ...
Youssry Mohamed - - 2013
We report on the rheological and electrical properties of non-aqueous carbon black (CB) suspensions at equilibrium and under steady shear flow. The smaller the primary particle size of carbon black is, the higher the magnitude of rheological parameters and the conductivity are. The electrical percolation threshold ranges seem to coincide ...
Ali Lamiaa M A - - 2013
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are inorganic nanomaterials gaining strong clinical interest due to their increasing number of biological and medical applications. The stabilization of SPIONs in a biocompatible stable suspension (bioferrofluid) is generally achieved by an adequate polymeric coating. As many applications using these materials are intended for clinical ...
Yamashita M - - 2013
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) contains many cytokines for treatment skin diseases. The final goal of this study is to develop the dielectrophoretic PRP purification system enriching the platelets in a label-free manner from whole blood solution. In this study, we characterized dielectrophoretic properties of red blood cell, white blood cell, ...
Peña-Rehbein Patricio - - 2013
Eleginops maclovinus has been an important fishery resource in Chile since 1957. Caligus rogercresseyi is one of the most prevalent ectoparasite species found on E. maclovinus. Hematocrit, hemoglobin level, red blood cell count (RBC), white blood cell count (WBC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin ...
Davis Richard R Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, - - 2013
To determine if passive gravitational sedimentation of blood samples, followed by buffy coat thin smear preparation could increase the sensitivity of malaria diagnosis when compared to conventional thin smear preparation without the additional cost of centrifuges or molecular diagnostics. Blood samples were collected from 205 patients. Each patient sample was ...
Fraser Daniel - - 2013
Prior to exhibiting an African Komo mask from the collections of the Detroit Institute of Arts, a multianalytical approach was undertaken to characterize the flaking encrusted coating on the surface of the mask. Preliminary XRF and FTIR examination of the coating on the Komo mask revealed the presence of significant ...
Friesen Kristina M - - 2013
Mortality of American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) chicks attributed to West Nile virus (WNV) prompted field studies on the bionomics of mosquitoes on a wildlife refuge in northern Montana. One component of these studies was to identify blood meal sources for Culex tarsalis, the primary vector of WNV in the ...
Hejna Petr - - 2013
Herein, we present a case of 53-year-old psychotic woman with acute esophageal necrosis (black esophagus), who was found lying on the floor in the living room of her flat. Pillboxes of antipsychotic drugs were located in the bin. External examination of the body was unremarkable. On internal examination, we found ...
Shi Yang - - 2013
A 27-year-old Burmese male initially presented to the health department for a routine vaccination approximately one month after arriving in the United States as a refugee. He had no significant past medical history, but was found to have abdominal distension and discomfort before being referred to the clinic. He did ...
Dior Uri P - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To describe the white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil counts in early puerperium and to investigate their contribution to the diagnosis of puerperal bacterial infection. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis through which clinical and laboratory data was collected from 67,695 term live births. Total leukocyte and neutrophil blood ...
D'haeseleer M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between performance on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) and both cerebral blood flow (CBF) and axonal metabolic integrity in normal appearing white matter (NAWM) of the centrum semiovale in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Normal appearing white matter of the centrum semiovale ...
Carvalho Paloma Calabria - - 2013
Concentrations of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) were determined in blood and feathers of spectacled (Procellaria conspicillata) and white-chinned (P. aequinoctialis) petrels, species that are phylogenetically related, but with distinct ecological niches. In winter, they feed on similar foods, indicated by an ...
Liu Chang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is commonly used to treat patients with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and lung transplant rejection (LTR) in our institution. The quantitative relationship between the number of white blood cells treated during ECP and the cell count in peripheral blood is unclear. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with ...
Felman Daniel - - 2013
This study assessed and characterized discoloration when white MTA (wMTA) was placed in the coronal aspect of the root canal ex vivo and the influence of red blood cells on this discoloration. Canals were prepared from the apical aspect and restored with either wMTA + saline (n = 18), wMTA + blood (n = 18), or controls (n = 4 + 4) (blood ...
Zampella John G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is often associated with eosinophilia and portends a poorer prognosis. MF is more common in blacks and follows a more aggressive course compared with whites. OBJECTIVE: We further elucidate racial differences between blacks and whites with MF, focusing on blood eosinophilia. METHODS: The records of 345 ...
Aye Smm - - 2013
This is a case report on an uncommon correlation between periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) and white-matter lesions in cerebral lupus, and with a reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF) in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). A 47-year-old woman with a long-term history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with a ...
Gerullis Holger - - 2013
Purpose. To investigate mesh coating modalities with autologous blood components in a recently developed in vitro test system for biocompatibility assessment of alloplastic materials. Materials and Methods. Seven different mesh types, currently used in various indications, were randomly investigated. Meshes were coated prior to cultivation with autologous peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Mohseni Alireza - - 2013
Abstract Scorpion stings are a common and important health problem in Iran, particularly in south and southwestern Iran, including the province of Khuzestan. In the area of Khuzestan near the city of Ramhormoz, Hemiscorpius lepturus (Scorpionida: Hemiscorpioiidae) and Androctonus crassicauda (Buthidae) are present. Ramhormoz is in southwestern Iran and is ...
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