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Results 201 - 250 of 1163
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Crochetière Chantal - - 2003
Obstetric hemorrhage is still a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Prevention, early recognition, and prompt intervention are the keys to minimizing complications. Resuscitation can be inadequate because of under-estimation of blood loss and misleading maternal response. A young woman may maintain a normal blood pressure until sudden and ...
Goldbarg, Seth Hamlin
Exposure of the fetus to indomethacin produces constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus (DA) and hypoxia in the avascular muscle media of the vessel wall. Hypoxia induces cell death, which increases the incidence of patent DA in the newborn period. We used a fetal sheep model to determine the factors ...
Shulman Lee P - - 2003
Fetal cells in maternal blood represent the future of prenatal screening and diagnosis. The possibility of analyzing fetal cells recovered from maternal blood could provide screening and diagnostic protocols characterized by high sensitivity and specificity with no direct risk to the developing fetus. Years of investigation have thus far not ...
Llanos Aníbal J - - 2003
The pregnant llama (Lama glama) has walked for millions of years through the thin oxygen trail of the Andean altiplano. We hypothesize that a pool of genes has been selected in the llama that express efficient mechanisms to withstand this low-oxygen milieu. The llama fetus responds to acute hypoxia with ...
Larsen Rasmus Dines - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) that enter the peripheral blood of the mother are suitable for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. The application of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes for tyramide amplified flow fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detection of gamma-globin mRNA in fixed fetal NRBC is investigated. METHODS: Hemin-induced ...
Yu Chen-Hsiang - - 2003
To test the hypothesis that the placental fractional moving blood volume is different with advancing gestational age (GA), we assessed the vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization-flow index (VFI) of the placenta in normal pregnancy by using three-dimensional (3-D) power Doppler ultrasound (US). We enrolled 100 healthy pregnant ...
Chen Jenn C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Enumeration of fetal red blood cells (RBCs) is important in the management of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH), particularly in situations of Rh incompatibility. METHODS: We evaluated results from three institutions using the flow cytometric method (FCM) to detect fetal RBCs based on the anti-hemoglobin F (HbF) monoclonal antibody method. RESULTS: ...
Riquelme Raquel A - - 2002
The hypothesis that nitric oxide plays a key role in the regulation of adrenal blood flow and plasma concentrations of cortisol and catecholamines under basal and hypoxaemic conditions in the llama fetus was tested. At 0.6-0.8 of gestation, 11 llama fetuses were surgically prepared for long-term recording under anaesthesia with ...
Chan Fung Yee - - 2002
Complete fetal bladder outlet obstruction was first diagnosed in a fetus at 13.5 weeks. After sequential vesicocentesis had shown good renal function, a vesico-amniotic shunt was inserted at 17 weeks with a Rodeck catheter. The procedure was successful and amniotic fluid volume re-accumulated to normal levels. A detailed scan at ...
Abdel-Fattah S A - - 2002
The aim of this study was to assess the value of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) Doppler time-averaged mean velocity (TAMV) for the prediction of fetal anaemia in at-risk cases without ultrasound evidence of hydrops. The study included 35 pregnant women with non-hydropic fetuses and with known red cell antibodies, ...
Pafumi C - - 2002
Fetal stem cells transplants depend on nucleated cells from fetal blood. This study was a prospective randomized trials to compare the collection of fetal blood by gravity into a bag containing anticoagulant, before and after delivery of the placenta. The obstetric and the newborn characteristics in the two group were ...
Ochsenbein-Imhof Nadin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The quantification of fetal cells in the maternal circulation remains an important goal to determine the amount of anti-D necessary to prevent active immunization of a D- mother giving birth to a D+ baby. Underestimation of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) results in inefficient anti-D prophylaxis and maternal immunization; overestimation of ...
Eichler Hermann - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Allogenic transplantation of umbilical cord blood (UCB) from HLA-identical siblings is a therapeutic concept of increasing importance. Prenatal HLA typing results can provide important information as to whether the UCB should be collected. Therefore, we tested the suitability of two methods based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for low-resolution ...
Poston Lucilla - - 2002
Preeclampsia, a common complications of pregnancy, is associated with an increase in the concentration of leptin in the maternal blood, which precedes the clinical onset of the disease. This review addresses the potential sources of leptin and considers the possible consequences, although at present these are entirely conjectural. The placenta ...
Morgan B L G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the values of blood gases in local scalp blood, obtained by scalp blood sampling, with direct measurements of fetal preductal arterial blood in fetal sheep. METHODS: Six fetal lambs were catheterized in the brachial artery and vein. Maternal oxygenation was reduced in steps ...
Clerici G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the hemodynamic patterns of the proximal (M1) and distal (M2) portions of the middle cerebral artery, during different fetal behavioral states. DESIGN: The study included 20 normal singleton pregnancies at between 36 and 40 weeks of gestation. After identification of the fetal behavioral state ...
Morrison Janna Leigh - - 2002
Clinical depression, diagnosed in 5-15% of women during pregnancy, increases the risk of negative pregnancy outcomes including an increased incidence of low birth weight newborns and preterm delivery. Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is often prescribed to treat depression due to its efficacy, high margin of safety, and mild ...
van der Heyden J J C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of magnesium sulfate therapy on maternal and fetal osmolality in pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A total of 34 pre-eclamptic women and 22 normal pregnant women participated in the study. Venous blood was drawn upon admission to the labor and delivery unit. Pre-eclamptic patients received standard magnesium sulfate ...
Gardner D S - - 2002
Although it is established that the fetus can successfully withstand a single, acute hypoxaemic challenge during gestation, little is known about what effects prevailing adverse intrauterine conditions might have on the fetal response to acute hypoxaemia. The aims of this study were therefore: (1) to characterise the effects of prevailing ...
Müller Thomas - - 2002
We validated laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) for long-term monitoring and detection of acute changes of local cerebral blood flow (lCBF) in chronically instrumented fetal sheep. Using LDF, we estimated developmental changes of cerebral autoregulation. Single fibre laser probes (0.4 mm in diameter) were implanted in and surface probes were placed ...
Bloomfield Frank H - - 2002
Large amounts of amniotic fluid (AF) are swallowed in late gestation. AF is the most accessible fetal compartment and provides a possible paraplacental route for the therapeutic administration of hormones and nutrients to the fetus. We therefore wished to investigate the fate of the predominant fetal growth factor, IGF-I, administered ...
Devlieger R - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: In order to determine factors influencing the flow rate trough a created defect in human fetal membranes, an ex vivo set-up was used with fetal membranes collected from patients undergoing Caesarean section at term. METHODS: The membranes were secured at the bottom of a plastic tube and traumatised with ...
Gratacós Eduard - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate in a sheep model for endoscopic fetal surgery the impact of nitrous oxide-gas amniodistention compared with fluid amniodistention on duration of surgery, hemorrhagic events, and fetomaternal acid-base status. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant ewes (n = 16) at 92 to 104 days of gestation (term, 145 ...
Zimmermann Bernhard - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the recent report of the culture of single clones of fetal progenitor cells from maternal blood. METHODS: Hemopoietic progenitor cells were cultured from 16 blood samples obtained from women pregnant with a male singleton fetus. Single colonies were isolated by micro-manipulation and examined by multiplex real-time PCR. ...
Kondo Masatoshi - - 2002
The ability of neonatal and maternal erythrocytes to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to oxidative stress was investigated using the chemiluminescence probe Cypridina luciferin analogue. The chemiluminescence probe, based on 2-methyl-6-[p-methoxyphenyl]-3,7-dihydro-imidazo[1,2-alpha]pyrazin-3-one (MCLA), is highly specific and sensitive to superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) and singlet oxygen (1O(2)). Blood from 11 ...
Prieto Belén - - 2002
Different approaches have been proposed for the enrichment of fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) from maternal blood as an alternative way to obtain fetal tissue for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. The main purpose of this study was to compare two of our monoclonal antibodies (2E11.3 and 2B7.4 mAbs) with the ...
Llanos Aníbal J - - 2002
Unlike fetal animals of lowland species, the llama fetus does not increase its cerebral blood flow during an episode of acute hypoxaemia. This study tested the hypothesis that the fetal llama brain maintains cerebral hemispheric O2 consumption by increasing cerebral O2 extraction rather than decreasing cerebral oxygen utilisation during acute ...
Joern H - - 2002
Various strategems of complexity analysis of microvascular blood flow were carried out in several fields of medicine in the past, as such as angiology, ophthalmology and neurology. The introduction of colour-angio-mode, a special form of colour coded Doppler sonography, now makes possible to perform complexity analysis of the placental blood ...
Kusaka Takeshi - - 2002
Our purpose was to determine factors contributing to vulnerability to antenatal periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) induced by hemorrhagic hypotension in premature fetal sheep. Systemic hypotension was induced in 10 fetal sheep by acutely withdrawing 35% to 40% of the fetoplacental blood volume at 113 d gestation. Brains were processed for histologic ...
Kitagawa Michihiro - - 2002
To isolate fetal cells from maternal blood, we developed a new method based on galactose-bearing conjugation. Nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs), which highly express galactose on their surface, were selectively attached to a substrate coated with a galactose-containing polymer via soybean agglutinin (SBA), a galactose-specific lectin. Cord blood samples were ...
Leung W C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential usefulness of noninvasive ultrasound assessment of fetal anemia in the diagnosis and management of fetuses with homozygous alpha-thalassemia-1. METHODS: We describe four pregnancies complicated by fetal homozygous alpha-thalassemia-1. They presented with ultrasound abnormalities before the development of hydrops. As part of evaluating the fetal condition, ...
Collarini E J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Many methods have been employed to obtain fetal cells from maternal blood for prenatal diagnostics, but there has been little work done that compares the efficacy of different methods. This study presents a comparison of two commonly used methods for selecting erythroblasts with selection directly from whole blood. METHODS: ...
Thorngren-Jerneck K - - 2001
The effects of fetal asphyxia on cerebral function and development, involve the transition from fetal to neonatal life. Changes in cerebral glucose metabolism may be an early postnatal indicator of fetal asphyxia. The objective is to develop an experimental lamb model involving the transition from fetal to neonatal life and ...
Fiore Mitchell T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intrapartum pharmacokinetics of cefazolin, including delivery to amniotic fluid (AF) and fetal compartments, and to ascertain that adequate cefazolin concentrations are attained to exceed the mean concentration inhibiting 90% (MIC(90)) of group B streptococcus strains. METHODS: Cefazolin (1 g) was administered intravenously at five separate time ...
Czikk M J - - 2001
Superior sagittal sinus blood flow (Q(ss)) was studied over a 6-h period in nine chronically catheterized fetal sheep as a continuous measure of cerebral blood flow to determine the change in blood flow values and in measures of blood flow variability in relation to behavioural state activity. Mean Q(ss) was ...
Campagnoli C - - 2001
Human mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSCs) have been identified in adult bone marrow, but little is known about their presence during fetal life. MSCs were isolated and characterized in first-trimester fetal blood, liver, and bone marrow. When 10(6) fetal blood nucleated cells (median gestational age, 10(+2) weeks [10 weeks, 2 days]) ...
Mann S E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The contribution of the fetal chorioamniotic membranes (i.e. the intramembranous pathway) to the regulation and maintenance of amniotic fluid (AF) volume and composition has yet to be completely understood. Knowledge of membrane permeability properties is vital to understanding how the intramembranous pathway contributes to the overall maintenance of AF ...
Fujita Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fetal hypoxia and/or acidosis causes redistribution of blood flow to the high-priority organs including the adrenal glands. Although this phenomenon is well described in the human cerebral and placental circulations using Doppler velocimetry, there are few reports about the adrenal glands. AIM: To clarify the gestational age-related changes in ...
Sohl B D - - 2001
Long-term loss of fetal blood can occur with fetomaternal hemorrhage, vasoprevia, or placental previa. Our objective was to determine the effects of progressive fetal blood loss over 10 days on fetal plasma erythropoietin (EPO) concentration and its relationship to arterial PO(2), hematocrit, and the volume of blood loss. Late-gestation fetal ...
Divakaran T G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To estimate, in maternal red blood cell alloimmunization, the diagnostic value of fetal ultrasonography and Doppler blood flow velocity in the evaluation and prediction of fetal anemia. METHODS: Literature from 1970 to 2000 was identified using general bibliographic databases (MEDLINE and EMBASE), the Cochrane Library and relevant specialist register ...
Yamamasu S - - 2001
Surgical treatment is usually selected for placental polyp accompanied by massive bleeding but patients wishing to conserve their fecundity require conservative management. A 35-year old nullipara was diagnosed as having placental polyp on the basis of typical episodes, and detection of placental polypeptide hormones and blood flow by Doppler ultrasonography ...
Newman J P - - 2001
Rises in fetal adenosine during hypoxia may have a metabolic inhibitory role that helps the fetus adapt to periods of low arterial partial pressure of oxygen (P(a)O(2)). We examined the fetal cerebral hemodynamic and metabolic responses to exogenous adenosine infusion and compared this with previous studies. Six fetal sheep at ...
Krampl E - - 2001
Chronic fetal hypoxia in fetal growth restriction due to impaired placentation is associated with centralization of blood flow to the vital organs, such as brain, heart and adrenal glands, in order to maintain oxygenation. There is a correlation between fetal hypoxemia and low impedance to blood flow in the middle ...
Benga G - - 2001
Comparative morphological and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the diffusional permeability (Pd) were performed on red blood cells (RBCs) from maternal venous blood and fetal RBCs, isolated from cord blood taken at delivery. Fetal RBC had a diameter of 8.79+/-0.03 microm (mean+/-standard deviation, SD), a volume of 103 microm3 ...
Moon P F PF Department of Clinical Sciences, The Cornell University Hospital for Animals, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-6401, USA. - - 2001
We investigated the ability of hemoglobin-based oxygen carrying solutions (HBOCs) to alleviate fetal hypoxemia from maternal hemorrhage. Fifteen pregnant ewes (132-day gestational age) were hemorrhaged 20 mL/kg over 1 h; they were randomized to receive 20 mL/kg IV of HBOC, hetastarch (HTS), or autologous blood (BLD) (n = 5 each) ...
Lo Y M - - 2001
The non-invasive determination of fetal genetic characteristics, including blood group types, is a long-sought goal of modern genetics. Previous work on the use of fetal cells in maternal blood has been hampered by the rarity of such cells. The recent discovery of cell-tree fetal DNA in maternal blood has opened ...
Garnier Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE:The purpose of the present study was to determine whether endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides, LPS) affect the fetal cardiovascular system in a way likely to cause brain damage. METHODS:Thirteen fetal sheep were chronically instrumented at a mean gestational age of 107 +/- 1 days. After control measurements of organ blood flow (microsphere ...
Fujimori K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine which extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) route best approximates the normal physiologic pattern of oxygenated blood distribution in fetal lambs submerged in warm saline solution. STUDY DESIGN: Six fetal lambs ranging from 113 to 129 days of gestation were delivered by cesarean ...
Struijk P C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare power spectral derived variability parameters from the fetal side of the placental circulation with those from the maternal side of the placental circulation, during early pregnancy. METHODS: Doppler velocity waveforms were obtained from both the umbilical and the uterine arteries in a study group of 40 pregnant ...
Reynolds L P - - 2001
The mammalian placenta is the organ through which respiratory gases, nutrients, and wastes are exchanged between the maternal and fetal systems. Thus, transplacental exchange provides for all the metabolic demands of fetal growth and development. The rate of transplacental exchange depends primarily on the rates of uterine (maternal placental) and ...
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