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Brewin Dorothy D Dorothy Brewin is an Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA. She can be reached via e-mail at dorothy_brewin@uml.edu Angela Naninni is an Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA. She can be reached via e-mail at - - 2014
Falls are the leading cause of unintentional injury in women. During pregnancy, even a minor fall can result in adverse consequences. Evidence to inform effective and developmentally appropriate pregnancy fall prevention programs is lacking. Early research on pregnancy fall prevention suggests that exercise may reduce falls. However, acceptability and effectiveness ...
Borra Cristina C Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, University of Seville, Ramón y Cajal 1, 41018, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
This study aimed to identify the causal effect of breastfeeding on postpartum depression (PPD), using data on mothers from a British survey, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Multivariate linear and logistic regressions were performed to investigate the effects of breastfeeding on mothers' mental health measured at 8 weeks, ...
Seeman Mary V MV Mary V Seeman, Institute of Medical Science, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, ON M5S, - - 2014
Both pseudocyesis and delusional pregnancy are said to be rare syndromes, but are reported frequently in developing countries. A distinction has been made between the two syndromes, but the line of demarcation is blurred. The aim of this paper is to review recent cases of pseudocyesis/delusional pregnancy in order to ...
Ives Jonathan J Medicine, Ethics, Society and History, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
This article discusses men's transition to first time fatherhood, with a focus on the way they recognise various in-tension moral demands and negotiate an appropriate role for themselves. The findings are taken from a longitudinal study, drawing on elements of grounded theory, comprising a series of face-to-face and telephone interviews ...
Camberis Anna-Lisa AL Centre for Emotional - - 2014
In the context of the trend toward delayed parenthood, this study examines whether older maternal age is associated with greater psychological maturity and whether greater psychological maturity provides any adaptive benefit during the transition to motherhood. A sample of 240 predominantly English-speaking Australian women in a metropolitan area expecting their ...
Ornaghi Sara S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milano-Bicocca, via Pergolesi 33, Monza, MB, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multisystem disorder, complicating 2 - 8% of pregnancies, and represents a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Recent investigations have elucidated the understanding of its underlying pathogenic mechanisms. However, despite these advances, therapeutic approaches are still severely limited. Ongoing lines of research indicate ...
Mitchell Mary M Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Glenside Campus, Blackberry Hill, Stapleton, Bristol BS16 1DD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
A number of studies have found increased use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) during pregnancy and birth. However, little is known about women's motivation in seeking CAM during pregnancy or their experiences of use in relation to their pregnancy and childbirth journey. A narrative study sought to explore the ...
Wang Xiaoqiu - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous molecule that regulates angiogenesis and vasodilation via activation of the cGMP pathway. However, functional roles of NO during embryonic development from spherical blastocysts to elongated filamentous conceptuses (embryo and extra-embryonic membrane) during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy have not been elucidated in vivo. In ...
Liu Jihong J Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Discovery 459, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, - - 2014
To test the feasibility and acceptability of a theory-based lifestyle intervention designed to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and promote weight loss in the early postpartum period in overweight and obese African American women. Sixteen pregnant women (≤18 weeks gestation) were recruited from prenatal clinics in Columbia, South Carolina in ...
Fu Jing J Department of Obstetrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623, - - 2014
The prevalence reported of maternal depression from the first to the third trimester was 7.4%, 12.8%, 12.0% respectively, which implies that around one-tenth of pregnant women suffer from psychological disorder during the whole pregnancy. It is assumed that during pregnancy the maternal-fetal circulation unit is also affected by maternal psychological ...
Nikolić Gordana - - 2014
Induced termination of unwanted pregnancy after 12th gestational week (late-term abortion) is legally restricted in Serbia as well as in many other countries. On the other hand, unwanted pregnancy very often brings women into the state of personal crisis. Psychiatric indications for legally approved late-term abortion on women's demand include ...
Ahmari Tehran Hoda H Research Center for Medicine and Religion , Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, - - 2014
Surrogacy is one of the new techniques of assisted reproduction technology in which a woman carries and bears a child for another woman. In Iran, many Shia clerics and jurists considered it permissible so there is no religious prohibition for it. In addition to the risk of physical complications for ...
Watt Melissa H MH Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Western Cape of South Africa has one of the highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) globally. Reducing alcohol use during pregnancy is a pressing public health priority for this region, but insight into the experiences of women who drink during pregnancy is lacking. Convenience sampling in alcohol-serving ...
Fedorowicz Anna R AR At the time of the study, Anna R. Fedorowicz, Wendy L. Hellerstedt, and Pamela J. Schreiner were with the Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. John M. Bolland was with the College of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Alabama, - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the associations of pregnancy desire (ambivalence or happiness about a pregnancy in the next year) and recent pregnancy attempts with hopelessness and self-worth among low-income adolescents. Methods. To evaluate independent associations among the study variables, we conducted gender-stratified multivariable logistic regression analyses with data derived from 2285 ...
Carter Shannon K SK University of Central Florida, Department of Sociology, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, FL 32816-1360, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
previous research has examined emotional labour as an important component of the occupational work of midwives and gynaecological nurses. Fewer studies explore emotion work by women during normal pregnancy and birth, and existing studies emphasise emotion work based on the midwife-woman relationship. This study explores use of emotion work during ...
de Campora Gaia G Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Via degli Apuli 1, 00185, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
(1)Empirical data indicate that the risk for childhood obesity and overweight increases when one or both parents are overweight or obese. Such an association, however, cannot be entirely explained only by biological factors. Based on available literature, we hypothesized that maternal emotion regulation might play a role in explaining the ...
McGiveron A A Lincolnshire Community Health Services NHS Trust, Lincoln, - - 2014
Antenatal obesity in pregnancy is associated with complications of pregnancy and poor obstetric outcomes. Although most guidance on pregnancy weight is focused on the prepregnancy period, pregnancy is widely viewed as a period where women are open to lifestyle change to optimise their health. The hospital-based Bumps and Beyond intervention ...
D'Ippolito Silvia S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstetric Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is now being recognized as a distinct entity from vascular APS. Pregnancy morbidity includes >3 consecutive and spontaneous early miscarriages before 10weeks of gestation; at least one unexplained fetal death after the 10th week of gestation of a morphologically normal fetus; a premature birth before the ...
Kim Theresa Hm - - 2014
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects 10-20 percent of women, and can begin any time during first year after delivery lasting for months. Social support may decrease risk of depression during pregnancy for women. However, literature shows that the amount of social support received during and after ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Recurrent miscarriage is classically defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Many researchers have now revised this definition to two or more pregnancy losses because of the recent increase in the prevalence of childless couples. Established causes of recurrent miscarriage are antiphospholipid antibodies, uterine anomalies and abnormal chromosomes in ...
Dagher Rada K RK Department of Health Services Administration, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal depression is an important public health issue for women, their families, and their employers. Previous studies have examined the impact of leave duration on maternal depression, but none have studied the association between maternal depression and the pace of return to paid work. We examine herein the relationship between ...
Lloyd Philippa A PA Department of Gynaecological Oncology, St Bartholomew's Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reports on a phenomenological study of women's experiences 1-10 years following a radical vaginal trachelectomy and describes the impact on health, sexuality, fertility and perceived supportive care needs. Qualitative telephone interviews employing a descriptive phenomenological approach were conducted using a purposive sample of 12 women. Several felt their ...
Neville Charlotte E CE Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, - - 2014
The postpartum period is a vulnerable time for excess weight retention, particularly for the increasing number of women who are overweight at the start of their pregnancy and subsequently find it difficult to lose additional weight gained during pregnancy. Although postpartum weight management interventions play an important role in breaking ...
Nabi Hafiz Abdel HA Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Induction of labour is the process of artificially initiating labour in order to end a pregnancy. We sought to explore changes in practice as documented in 'Ten Teachers', an undergraduate textbook that was first published in 1917 and is now in its 19th edition. The description of labour induction methods ...
Pariante Carmine M CM *Section of Perinatal Psychiatry and the Stress, Psychiatry and Immunology Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Room 2-055, The James Black Centre, 125 Coldharbour Lane, London SE5 9NU, - - 2014
Depression in pregnancy (also called 'antenatal depression') is being increasingly recognized as a clinically relevant condition that affects obstetric outcome, maternal behaviour and children's future mental health. The present review focuses on the molecular mechanisms operating in utero that underlie the potential effects of antenatal depression on mothers' and children's ...
Wang Xiaoqiu X *Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, †Department of Animal Science, ‡Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, and §Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA; - - 2014
Arginine, the common substrate for production of nitric oxide (NO) and polyamines in mammals, increases in the uterine lumen during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. However, functional roles of arginine within the uterine lumen for conceptus (embryo and extraembryonic membranes) development have not been elucidated in vivo. To assess roles ...
Lewin Amy A Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the self-reported pregnancy intentions of the male partners of expectant adolescent mothers, the accuracy of adolescent mothers' perceptions of their partner's pregnancy intentions, and the concordance between young mothers' and fathers' pregnancy intentions. This cross-sectional pilot study collected interview data from expectant adolescent mothers and their male partners. ...
Greer Ian A IA Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
Haemostatic and vascular biology mechanisms appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. Although low-dose aspirin (LDA) has a modest effect in preventing preeclampsia, antithrombotic interventions, LDA and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) have not definitively proven their effectiveness in women with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications ...
Choi Karmel W - - 2014
South Africa has one of the world's highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and interpersonal trauma. These co-occurring public health problems raise the need to understand alcohol consumption among trauma-exposed pregnant women in this setting. Since a known predictor of drinking during pregnancy is drinking behavior before pregnancy, ...
Mills Ta T School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Pregnancy after perinatal death is characterised by elevated stress and anxiety, increasing the risk of adverse short-term and long-term outcomes. This metasynthesis aimed to improve understanding of parents' experiences of maternity care in pregnancy after stillbirth or neonatal death. Six electronic databases were searched using predefined search terms. English language ...
Postma Ineke R IR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women who suffered eclampsia or preterm preeclampsia are twice as likely to demonstrate cerebral white matter lesions (WML) on MRI compared to age-matched women who had normotensive pregnancies, and they report more cognitive dysfunctions in everyday life. We aimed to determine whether pregnancy in and of itself has a relationship ...
Constantine Norman A NA Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California; School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To understand the experiences and processes of smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse for pregnant and postpartum adolescents, whose perspectives and needs might be different from other age groups. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 52 pregnant and postpartum adolescents using tools of grounded theory analysis. Spontaneous smoking cessation during pregnancy ...
Kulkarni Bharati B School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Clinical Division, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity in transitioning societies poses a significant public health challenge. The development of suboptimal lean body mass (LBM) could partly explain the link between these two forms of malnutrition. This review examines the evidence on both the role of nutrition in "developmental ...
Farley Katie E KE Department of Public Health Sciences, UNC Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA, - - 2014
Each year approximately 7 % of women experience hypertensive disorders during pregnancy which can result in adverse events for both the mother and child. Previous research suggests that contraception at the time of conception can also predispose one to hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to examine ...
Fulford Bethan B School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, South Wales, CF10 3AT, United - - 2014
Mental models of pregnancy refer to women's perceptions of whether their pregnancies are susceptible to poor health outcomes. Mental models influence health behaviour during pregnancy. In the present study we examined whether mental models of pregnancy are linked to compliance with folic acid supplementation guidelines. Cross-sectional survey implemented in four ...
Martinez-Pascual Beatriz B a Department of Physical Therapy & Podiatry , Universidad Europea de Madrid , Villaviciosa , Madrid , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of maternity among Spanish elite sportswomen. Twenty (n=20) Spanish elite sportswomen with the following criteria were included: 1) aged between 18 and 65 years; 2) had been pregnant during their sporting professional career, and 3) after the ...
Osterman Robin L RL University of Cincinnati College of Nursing, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of a single-session of motivational interviewing (MI) to decrease alcohol use during pregnancy, while examining theory-based mechanisms of the intervention. Eligible pregnant women who drank any amount of alcohol in the previous year (n=122) were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Drinking ...
Clutter Lynn B - - 2014
To summarize birth mothers' descriptions of how their adolescent or young adult unplanned pregnancies and decision for open infant adoption placement influenced their lives. Naturalistic inquiry using unstructured interviews. One to 2-hour telephone interviews with participants in their home settings were recorded and transcribed. Deidentified transcripts were analyzed for qualitative ...
Fantasia Heidi Collins - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 80 percent of pregnant women. This condition is usually self-limiting, but the symptoms can be distressing and interfere with work, social activities and sleep. Symptoms can often be managed by diet and lifestyle changes, but these interventions may not be successful ...
Derderian S Christopher SC Fetal Treatment Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Primary hydrothorax is a rare congenital anomaly with outcomes ranging from spontaneous resolution to fetal demise. We reviewed our experience with fetuses diagnosed with primary hydrothorax to evaluate prenatal management strategies. We reviewed the records of patients evaluated for fetal pleural effusions at our Fetal Treatment Center between 1996 and ...
Lemoyne Elise L EL a Department of Kinesiology , University of Montreal , Montreal , QC , - - 2014
This study investigated the relationship between changes in fitness and cognition that take place during pregnancy and the possibility that diminished fitness could be responsible for pregnancy-related cognitive deficits. Fifty-two pregnant women were compared to 15 nonpregnant controls on the Eriksen flanker task as well as a fitness test, both ...
Jackson Fleda Mask FM Psychology Department, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
This paper presents a community engagement model designed to advance social justice and equity for African American birth outcomes through the combined techniques of Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry. In response to the persistent racial disparities in birth outcomes, Save 100 Babies© was constructed as a 2-day summit where the emphasis ...
Côté-Arsenault Denise D Denise Côté-Arsenault is a Professor and Department Chair, Parent and Child Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She can be reached via e-mail at D_cotear@uncg.edu. Heidi Krowchuk is an Associate Professor of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Katharine Schwartz is an Information Analyst, University of Rochester School of Nursing. Thomas P. McCoy is a Visiting Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at - - 2014
Purpose: To test the feasibility and acceptability of a caring-based nurse home visit intervention for women pregnant after perinatal loss (PAL), the goal of which was to provide a safe, supportive environment, normalize the pregnancy after loss, reduce anxiety and depression through stress reduction skills and facilitate prenatal attachment.Study Design ...
Goodman Janice H JH MGH Institute of Health Professions, School of Nursing, 36 1st Ave, Boston, MA, 02129, USA, - - 2014
Many women experience anxiety during pregnancy with potential negative effects on maternal, birth, and child outcomes. Because of potential risks of fetal exposure to psychotropic medications, efficacious non-pharmacologic approaches are urgently needed. However, no published studies of psychotherapeutic treatments for anxiety in pregnancy exist. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may substantially ...
Olsson Craig A CA School of Psychology, Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare social and emotional adjustment including educational attainment and substance use in women who had a child, pregnancy termination, or miscarriage by young adulthood. Data were from a population-based longitudinal study of the health and well-being of 1,943 young Australians (Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study) followed from 15 to ...
Van Parys An-Sofie AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology/International Centre for Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a widespread global health problem with many negative consequences. Nevertheless, a lot remains unclear about which interventions are effective and might be adopted in the perinatal care context. The objective is to provide a clear overview of the existing evidence ...
Tyer-Viola Lynda A - - 2014
To describe the experience of pregnancy with a chronic illness. Qualitative description. Tertiary Medical Center, Northeast United States. A purposive sample of eight pregnant women with various chronic conditions. Telephone interviews. The participants described their chronic illnesses as deviations from normality and their pregnancies brought them closer to normality. They ...
Guardino Christine M CM Department of Psychology, University of California, 1285A Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
Extensive evidence documents that prenatal maternal stress predicts a variety of adverse physical and psychological health outcomes for the mother and baby. However, the importance of the ways that women cope with stress during pregnancy is less clear. We conducted a systematic review of the English-language literature on coping behaviors ...
Mendelsohn Colin C MBBS(Hons), is a general practitioner and tobacco treatment specialist, Sydney, New South - - 2014
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, most smokers who become pregnant continue to smoke and most of those who quit relapse after delivery. This article explores the relationship between smoking and pregnancy, and reviews the evidence for best practice intervention by general practitioners. ...
Chojenta Catherine C Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2014
While grief, emotional distress and other mental health conditions have been associated with pregnancy loss, less is known about the mental health impact of these events during subsequent pregnancies and births. This paper examined the impact of any type of pregnancy loss on mental health in a subsequent pregnancy and ...
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