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Wang Xiaoqiu - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous molecule that regulates angiogenesis and vasodilation via activation of the cGMP pathway. However, functional roles of NO during embryonic development from spherical blastocysts to elongated filamentous conceptuses (embryo and extra-embryonic membrane) during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy have not been elucidated in vivo. In ...
Liu Jihong J Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Discovery 459, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, - - 2014
To test the feasibility and acceptability of a theory-based lifestyle intervention designed to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and promote weight loss in the early postpartum period in overweight and obese African American women. Sixteen pregnant women (≤18 weeks gestation) were recruited from prenatal clinics in Columbia, South Carolina in ...
Fu Jing J Department of Obstetrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623, - - 2014
The prevalence reported of maternal depression from the first to the third trimester was 7.4%, 12.8%, 12.0% respectively, which implies that around one-tenth of pregnant women suffer from psychological disorder during the whole pregnancy. It is assumed that during pregnancy the maternal-fetal circulation unit is also affected by maternal psychological ...
Watt Melissa H MH Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Western Cape of South Africa has one of the highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) globally. Reducing alcohol use during pregnancy is a pressing public health priority for this region, but insight into the experiences of women who drink during pregnancy is lacking. Convenience sampling in alcohol-serving ...
Fedorowicz Anna R AR At the time of the study, Anna R. Fedorowicz, Wendy L. Hellerstedt, and Pamela J. Schreiner were with the Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. John M. Bolland was with the College of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Alabama, - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the associations of pregnancy desire (ambivalence or happiness about a pregnancy in the next year) and recent pregnancy attempts with hopelessness and self-worth among low-income adolescents. Methods. To evaluate independent associations among the study variables, we conducted gender-stratified multivariable logistic regression analyses with data derived from 2285 ...
Horan Mk M University College Dublin, Dubliln, - - 2014
There remains a paucity of data into the effect of low glycaemic index (GI) healthy eating pregnancy interventions postpartum. Aim: To examine the impact of a low glycaemic index diet during pregnancy on maternal diet and weight at 3 months postpartum, analysis from the ROLO (Randomised cOntrol trial of LOw ...
Carter Shannon K SK University of Central Florida, Department of Sociology, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, FL 32816-1360, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
previous research has examined emotional labour as an important component of the occupational work of midwives and gynaecological nurses. Fewer studies explore emotion work by women during normal pregnancy and birth, and existing studies emphasise emotion work based on the midwife-woman relationship. This study explores use of emotion work during ...
McGiveron A A Lincolnshire Community Health Services NHS Trust, Lincoln, - - 2014
Antenatal obesity in pregnancy is associated with complications of pregnancy and poor obstetric outcomes. Although most guidance on pregnancy weight is focused on the prepregnancy period, pregnancy is widely viewed as a period where women are open to lifestyle change to optimise their health. The hospital-based Bumps and Beyond intervention ...
D'Ippolito Silvia S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstetric Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is now being recognized as a distinct entity from vascular APS. Pregnancy morbidity includes >3 consecutive and spontaneous early miscarriages before 10weeks of gestation; at least one unexplained fetal death after the 10th week of gestation of a morphologically normal fetus; a premature birth before the ...
Kim Theresa Hm - - 2014
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects 10-20 percent of women, and can begin any time during first year after delivery lasting for months. Social support may decrease risk of depression during pregnancy for women. However, literature shows that the amount of social support received during and after ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Recurrent miscarriage is classically defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Many researchers have now revised this definition to two or more pregnancy losses because of the recent increase in the prevalence of childless couples. Established causes of recurrent miscarriage are antiphospholipid antibodies, uterine anomalies and abnormal chromosomes in ...
Dagher Rada K RK Department of Health Services Administration, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal depression is an important public health issue for women, their families, and their employers. Previous studies have examined the impact of leave duration on maternal depression, but none have studied the association between maternal depression and the pace of return to paid work. We examine herein the relationship between ...
Lloyd Philippa A PA Department of Gynaecological Oncology, St Bartholomew's Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reports on a phenomenological study of women's experiences 1-10 years following a radical vaginal trachelectomy and describes the impact on health, sexuality, fertility and perceived supportive care needs. Qualitative telephone interviews employing a descriptive phenomenological approach were conducted using a purposive sample of 12 women. Several felt their ...
Neville Charlotte E CE Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, - - 2014
The postpartum period is a vulnerable time for excess weight retention, particularly for the increasing number of women who are overweight at the start of their pregnancy and subsequently find it difficult to lose additional weight gained during pregnancy. Although postpartum weight management interventions play an important role in breaking ...
Nabi Hafiz Abdel HA Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Induction of labour is the process of artificially initiating labour in order to end a pregnancy. We sought to explore changes in practice as documented in 'Ten Teachers', an undergraduate textbook that was first published in 1917 and is now in its 19th edition. The description of labour induction methods ...
Pariante Carmine M CM *Section of Perinatal Psychiatry and the Stress, Psychiatry and Immunology Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Room 2-055, The James Black Centre, 125 Coldharbour Lane, London SE5 9NU, - - 2014
Depression in pregnancy (also called 'antenatal depression') is being increasingly recognized as a clinically relevant condition that affects obstetric outcome, maternal behaviour and children's future mental health. The present review focuses on the molecular mechanisms operating in utero that underlie the potential effects of antenatal depression on mothers' and children's ...
Wang Xiaoqiu X *Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, †Department of Animal Science, ‡Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, and §Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA; - - 2014
Arginine, the common substrate for production of nitric oxide (NO) and polyamines in mammals, increases in the uterine lumen during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. However, functional roles of arginine within the uterine lumen for conceptus (embryo and extraembryonic membranes) development have not been elucidated in vivo. To assess roles ...
Lewin Amy A Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the self-reported pregnancy intentions of the male partners of expectant adolescent mothers, the accuracy of adolescent mothers' perceptions of their partner's pregnancy intentions, and the concordance between young mothers' and fathers' pregnancy intentions. This cross-sectional pilot study collected interview data from expectant adolescent mothers and their male partners. ...
Greer Ian A IA Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
Haemostatic and vascular biology mechanisms appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. Although low-dose aspirin (LDA) has a modest effect in preventing preeclampsia, antithrombotic interventions, LDA and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) have not definitively proven their effectiveness in women with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications ...
Choi Karmel W - - 2014
South Africa has one of the world's highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and interpersonal trauma. These co-occurring public health problems raise the need to understand alcohol consumption among trauma-exposed pregnant women in this setting. Since a known predictor of drinking during pregnancy is drinking behavior before pregnancy, ...
Mills Ta T School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Pregnancy after perinatal death is characterised by elevated stress and anxiety, increasing the risk of adverse short-term and long-term outcomes. This metasynthesis aimed to improve understanding of parents' experiences of maternity care in pregnancy after stillbirth or neonatal death. Six electronic databases were searched using predefined search terms. English language ...
Postma Ineke R IR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women who suffered eclampsia or preterm preeclampsia are twice as likely to demonstrate cerebral white matter lesions (WML) on MRI compared to age-matched women who had normotensive pregnancies, and they report more cognitive dysfunctions in everyday life. We aimed to determine whether pregnancy in and of itself has a relationship ...
Constantine Norman A NA Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California; School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To understand the experiences and processes of smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse for pregnant and postpartum adolescents, whose perspectives and needs might be different from other age groups. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 52 pregnant and postpartum adolescents using tools of grounded theory analysis. Spontaneous smoking cessation during pregnancy ...
Kulkarni Bharati B School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Clinical Division, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity in transitioning societies poses a significant public health challenge. The development of suboptimal lean body mass (LBM) could partly explain the link between these two forms of malnutrition. This review examines the evidence on both the role of nutrition in "developmental ...
Farley Katie E KE Department of Public Health Sciences, UNC Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA, - - 2014
Each year approximately 7 % of women experience hypertensive disorders during pregnancy which can result in adverse events for both the mother and child. Previous research suggests that contraception at the time of conception can also predispose one to hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to examine ...
Fulford Bethan B School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, South Wales, CF10 3AT, United - - 2014
Mental models of pregnancy refer to women's perceptions of whether their pregnancies are susceptible to poor health outcomes. Mental models influence health behaviour during pregnancy. In the present study we examined whether mental models of pregnancy are linked to compliance with folic acid supplementation guidelines. Cross-sectional survey implemented in four ...
Martinez-Pascual Beatriz B a Department of Physical Therapy & Podiatry , Universidad Europea de Madrid , Villaviciosa , Madrid , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of maternity among Spanish elite sportswomen. Twenty (n=20) Spanish elite sportswomen with the following criteria were included: 1) aged between 18 and 65 years; 2) had been pregnant during their sporting professional career, and 3) after the ...
Osterman Robin L RL University of Cincinnati College of Nursing, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of a single-session of motivational interviewing (MI) to decrease alcohol use during pregnancy, while examining theory-based mechanisms of the intervention. Eligible pregnant women who drank any amount of alcohol in the previous year (n=122) were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Drinking ...
Clutter Lynn B - - 2014
To summarize birth mothers' descriptions of how their adolescent or young adult unplanned pregnancies and decision for open infant adoption placement influenced their lives. Naturalistic inquiry using unstructured interviews. One to 2-hour telephone interviews with participants in their home settings were recorded and transcribed. Deidentified transcripts were analyzed for qualitative ...
Fantasia Heidi Collins - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 80 percent of pregnant women. This condition is usually self-limiting, but the symptoms can be distressing and interfere with work, social activities and sleep. Symptoms can often be managed by diet and lifestyle changes, but these interventions may not be successful ...
Derderian S Christopher SC Fetal Treatment Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Primary hydrothorax is a rare congenital anomaly with outcomes ranging from spontaneous resolution to fetal demise. We reviewed our experience with fetuses diagnosed with primary hydrothorax to evaluate prenatal management strategies. We reviewed the records of patients evaluated for fetal pleural effusions at our Fetal Treatment Center between 1996 and ...
Lemoyne Elise L EL a Department of Kinesiology , University of Montreal , Montreal , QC , - - 2014
This study investigated the relationship between changes in fitness and cognition that take place during pregnancy and the possibility that diminished fitness could be responsible for pregnancy-related cognitive deficits. Fifty-two pregnant women were compared to 15 nonpregnant controls on the Eriksen flanker task as well as a fitness test, both ...
Jackson Fleda Mask FM Psychology Department, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
This paper presents a community engagement model designed to advance social justice and equity for African American birth outcomes through the combined techniques of Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry. In response to the persistent racial disparities in birth outcomes, Save 100 Babies© was constructed as a 2-day summit where the emphasis ...
Côté-Arsenault Denise D Denise Côté-Arsenault is a Professor and Department Chair, Parent and Child Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She can be reached via e-mail at D_cotear@uncg.edu. Heidi Krowchuk is an Associate Professor of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Katharine Schwartz is an Information Analyst, University of Rochester School of Nursing. Thomas P. McCoy is a Visiting Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at - - 2014
Purpose: To test the feasibility and acceptability of a caring-based nurse home visit intervention for women pregnant after perinatal loss (PAL), the goal of which was to provide a safe, supportive environment, normalize the pregnancy after loss, reduce anxiety and depression through stress reduction skills and facilitate prenatal attachment.Study Design ...
Goodman Janice H JH MGH Institute of Health Professions, School of Nursing, 36 1st Ave, Boston, MA, 02129, USA, - - 2014
Many women experience anxiety during pregnancy with potential negative effects on maternal, birth, and child outcomes. Because of potential risks of fetal exposure to psychotropic medications, efficacious non-pharmacologic approaches are urgently needed. However, no published studies of psychotherapeutic treatments for anxiety in pregnancy exist. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may substantially ...
Olsson Craig A CA School of Psychology, Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare social and emotional adjustment including educational attainment and substance use in women who had a child, pregnancy termination, or miscarriage by young adulthood. Data were from a population-based longitudinal study of the health and well-being of 1,943 young Australians (Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study) followed from 15 to ...
Van Parys An-Sofie AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology/International Centre for Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a widespread global health problem with many negative consequences. Nevertheless, a lot remains unclear about which interventions are effective and might be adopted in the perinatal care context. The objective is to provide a clear overview of the existing evidence ...
Tyer-Viola Lynda A - - 2014
To describe the experience of pregnancy with a chronic illness. Qualitative description. Tertiary Medical Center, Northeast United States. A purposive sample of eight pregnant women with various chronic conditions. Telephone interviews. The participants described their chronic illnesses as deviations from normality and their pregnancies brought them closer to normality. They ...
Guardino Christine M CM Department of Psychology, University of California, 1285A Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
Extensive evidence documents that prenatal maternal stress predicts a variety of adverse physical and psychological health outcomes for the mother and baby. However, the importance of the ways that women cope with stress during pregnancy is less clear. We conducted a systematic review of the English-language literature on coping behaviors ...
Mendelsohn Colin C MBBS(Hons), is a general practitioner and tobacco treatment specialist, Sydney, New South - - 2014
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, most smokers who become pregnant continue to smoke and most of those who quit relapse after delivery. This article explores the relationship between smoking and pregnancy, and reviews the evidence for best practice intervention by general practitioners. ...
Chojenta Catherine C Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2014
While grief, emotional distress and other mental health conditions have been associated with pregnancy loss, less is known about the mental health impact of these events during subsequent pregnancies and births. This paper examined the impact of any type of pregnancy loss on mental health in a subsequent pregnancy and ...
Sikka Pooja P Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012, - - 2014
Caesarean scar pregnancy, where conceptus is implanted on previous scar, is a rare entity. We present one such case of scar pregnancy presenting to us in the second trimester and was managed with methotrexate and uterine artery embolization, followed by hysterotomy. Uterus could be conserved and hysterectomy could be avoided.
Tarantal Alice F AF Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2014
A marked increase in the frequency of obesity at the population level has resulted in an increasing number of obese women entering pregnancy. The increasing realization of the importance of the fetal environment in relation to chronic disease across the lifespan has focused attention on the role of maternal obesity ...
Noone Joanne J Oregon Health & Science University, - - 2014
Half of Latina teens in the United States will become pregnant at least once by age 20 years. The purpose of this study was to explore a Pacific Northwest community's strengths and weaknesses, through photovoice, as viewed by Latino youth to understand their concerns related to teen pregnancy. Participants were ...
Bogaerts A A Department of Health Care, Midwifery, KHLim, Limburg Catholic University College, Hasselt, Belgium. ; Department of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, University of Antwerp, - - 2014
Background: Maternal obesity is a growing public health concern in Belgium as well as in other European countries and is now becoming the most common risk factor associated with pregnancy complications with impact on the health of the women and her offspring. At this moment, there is no specific management ...
Horan Mary K MK UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin 2, Ireland. - - 2014
Pregnancy increases the risk of being overweight at a later time period, particularly when there is excessive gestational weight gain. There remains a paucity of data into the effect of low glycaemic index (GI) pregnancy interventions postpartum. To examine the impact of a low glycaemic index diet during pregnancy on ...
Swanson Megan M Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143. Electronic address: - - 2013
Delayed pregnancy testing has been associated with presentation for abortion in the second trimester. Little is known about acceptability of potential interventions to hasten pregnancy recognition. A total of 592 women presenting for abortion at six clinics in the United States completed surveys on contraceptive use, risk behavior, timing of ...
Wojnar Danuta M - - 2013
To describe the experiences of preconception, pregnancy, and new motherhood from the perspective of lesbian nonbiological mothers. Descriptive phenomenology. A private room at the study site and participants' homes. Twenty-four self-identified lesbian nonbiological mothers in a committed relationship and whose partner gave birth within the past 2 years participated. All of ...
Dornelles Associate Researcher Professor Lia Mara Netto LM Núcleo de Infância e Família, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Rua Anita Garibaldi, 1786 apt.711, Bairro Boa Vista, CEP 90480-200, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
to explore women's fears during pregnancy following conception via assisted reproductive technology (ART). 19 expectant first-time mothers were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy using a semi-structured schedule. Perceptions of and feelings about pregnancy were assessed. Content analysis was used to identify themes and subthemes. four overarching themes emerged: ...
Franchak John M JM New York University, New York, NY, USA, - - 2013
Possibilities for action depend on the fit between the body and the environment. Perceiving what actions are possible is challenging, because the body and the environment are always changing. How do people adapt to changes in body size and compression? In Experiment 1, we tested pregnant women monthly over the ...
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