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Pariante Carmine M CM *Section of Perinatal Psychiatry and the Stress, Psychiatry and Immunology Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Room 2-055, The James Black Centre, 125 Coldharbour Lane, London SE5 9NU, - - 2014
Depression in pregnancy (also called 'antenatal depression') is being increasingly recognized as a clinically relevant condition that affects obstetric outcome, maternal behaviour and children's future mental health. The present review focuses on the molecular mechanisms operating in utero that underlie the potential effects of antenatal depression on mothers' and children's ...
Wang Xiaoqiu X *Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, †Department of Animal Science, ‡Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, and §Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA; - - 2014
Arginine, the common substrate for production of nitric oxide (NO) and polyamines in mammals, increases in the uterine lumen during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. However, functional roles of arginine within the uterine lumen for conceptus (embryo and extraembryonic membranes) development have not been elucidated in vivo. To assess roles ...
Lewin Amy A Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the self-reported pregnancy intentions of the male partners of expectant adolescent mothers, the accuracy of adolescent mothers' perceptions of their partner's pregnancy intentions, and the concordance between young mothers' and fathers' pregnancy intentions. This cross-sectional pilot study collected interview data from expectant adolescent mothers and their male partners. ...
Greer Ian A IA Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
Haemostatic and vascular biology mechanisms appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications. Although low-dose aspirin (LDA) has a modest effect in preventing preeclampsia, antithrombotic interventions, LDA and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) have not definitively proven their effectiveness in women with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications ...
Choi Karmel W - - 2014
South Africa has one of the world's highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and interpersonal trauma. These co-occurring public health problems raise the need to understand alcohol consumption among trauma-exposed pregnant women in this setting. Since a known predictor of drinking during pregnancy is drinking behavior before pregnancy, ...
Mills Ta T School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Pregnancy after perinatal death is characterised by elevated stress and anxiety, increasing the risk of adverse short-term and long-term outcomes. This metasynthesis aimed to improve understanding of parents' experiences of maternity care in pregnancy after stillbirth or neonatal death. Six electronic databases were searched using predefined search terms. English language ...
Postma Ineke R IR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women who suffered eclampsia or preterm preeclampsia are twice as likely to demonstrate cerebral white matter lesions (WML) on MRI compared to age-matched women who had normotensive pregnancies, and they report more cognitive dysfunctions in everyday life. We aimed to determine whether pregnancy in and of itself has a relationship ...
Constantine Norman A NA Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California; School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To understand the experiences and processes of smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse for pregnant and postpartum adolescents, whose perspectives and needs might be different from other age groups. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 52 pregnant and postpartum adolescents using tools of grounded theory analysis. Spontaneous smoking cessation during pregnancy ...
Kulkarni Bharati B School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Clinical Division, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity in transitioning societies poses a significant public health challenge. The development of suboptimal lean body mass (LBM) could partly explain the link between these two forms of malnutrition. This review examines the evidence on both the role of nutrition in "developmental ...
Farley Katie E KE Department of Public Health Sciences, UNC Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA, - - 2014
Each year approximately 7 % of women experience hypertensive disorders during pregnancy which can result in adverse events for both the mother and child. Previous research suggests that contraception at the time of conception can also predispose one to hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to examine ...
Fulford Bethan B School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, South Wales, CF10 3AT, United - - 2014
Mental models of pregnancy refer to women's perceptions of whether their pregnancies are susceptible to poor health outcomes. Mental models influence health behaviour during pregnancy. In the present study we examined whether mental models of pregnancy are linked to compliance with folic acid supplementation guidelines. Cross-sectional survey implemented in four ...
Martinez-Pascual Beatriz B a Department of Physical Therapy & Podiatry , Universidad Europea de Madrid , Villaviciosa , Madrid , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this qualitative phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of maternity among Spanish elite sportswomen. Twenty (n=20) Spanish elite sportswomen with the following criteria were included: 1) aged between 18 and 65 years; 2) had been pregnant during their sporting professional career, and 3) after the ...
Osterman Robin L RL University of Cincinnati College of Nursing, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of a single-session of motivational interviewing (MI) to decrease alcohol use during pregnancy, while examining theory-based mechanisms of the intervention. Eligible pregnant women who drank any amount of alcohol in the previous year (n=122) were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Drinking ...
Clutter Lynn B - - 2014
To summarize birth mothers' descriptions of how their adolescent or young adult unplanned pregnancies and decision for open infant adoption placement influenced their lives. Naturalistic inquiry using unstructured interviews. One to 2-hour telephone interviews with participants in their home settings were recorded and transcribed. Deidentified transcripts were analyzed for qualitative ...
Fantasia Heidi Collins - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 80 percent of pregnant women. This condition is usually self-limiting, but the symptoms can be distressing and interfere with work, social activities and sleep. Symptoms can often be managed by diet and lifestyle changes, but these interventions may not be successful ...
Lemoyne Elise L EL a Department of Kinesiology , University of Montreal , Montreal , QC , - - 2014
This study investigated the relationship between changes in fitness and cognition that take place during pregnancy and the possibility that diminished fitness could be responsible for pregnancy-related cognitive deficits. Fifty-two pregnant women were compared to 15 nonpregnant controls on the Eriksen flanker task as well as a fitness test, both ...
Jackson Fleda Mask FM Psychology Department, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
This paper presents a community engagement model designed to advance social justice and equity for African American birth outcomes through the combined techniques of Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry. In response to the persistent racial disparities in birth outcomes, Save 100 Babies© was constructed as a 2-day summit where the emphasis ...
Côté-Arsenault Denise D Denise Côté-Arsenault is a Professor and Department Chair, Parent and Child Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She can be reached via e-mail at D_cotear@uncg.edu. Heidi Krowchuk is an Associate Professor of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Katharine Schwartz is an Information Analyst, University of Rochester School of Nursing. Thomas P. McCoy is a Visiting Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at - - 2014
Purpose: To test the feasibility and acceptability of a caring-based nurse home visit intervention for women pregnant after perinatal loss (PAL), the goal of which was to provide a safe, supportive environment, normalize the pregnancy after loss, reduce anxiety and depression through stress reduction skills and facilitate prenatal attachment.Study Design ...
Goodman Janice H JH MGH Institute of Health Professions, School of Nursing, 36 1st Ave, Boston, MA, 02129, USA, - - 2014
Many women experience anxiety during pregnancy with potential negative effects on maternal, birth, and child outcomes. Because of potential risks of fetal exposure to psychotropic medications, efficacious non-pharmacologic approaches are urgently needed. However, no published studies of psychotherapeutic treatments for anxiety in pregnancy exist. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may substantially ...
Olsson Craig A CA School of Psychology, Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare social and emotional adjustment including educational attainment and substance use in women who had a child, pregnancy termination, or miscarriage by young adulthood. Data were from a population-based longitudinal study of the health and well-being of 1,943 young Australians (Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study) followed from 15 to ...
Van Parys An-Sofie AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology/International Centre for Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a widespread global health problem with many negative consequences. Nevertheless, a lot remains unclear about which interventions are effective and might be adopted in the perinatal care context. The objective is to provide a clear overview of the existing evidence ...
Tyer-Viola Lynda A - - 2014
To describe the experience of pregnancy with a chronic illness. Qualitative description. Tertiary Medical Center, Northeast United States. A purposive sample of eight pregnant women with various chronic conditions. Telephone interviews. The participants described their chronic illnesses as deviations from normality and their pregnancies brought them closer to normality. They ...
Guardino Christine M CM Department of Psychology, University of California, 1285A Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
Extensive evidence documents that prenatal maternal stress predicts a variety of adverse physical and psychological health outcomes for the mother and baby. However, the importance of the ways that women cope with stress during pregnancy is less clear. We conducted a systematic review of the English-language literature on coping behaviors ...
Mendelsohn Colin C MBBS(Hons), is a general practitioner and tobacco treatment specialist, Sydney, New South - - 2014
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, most smokers who become pregnant continue to smoke and most of those who quit relapse after delivery. This article explores the relationship between smoking and pregnancy, and reviews the evidence for best practice intervention by general practitioners. ...
Chojenta Catherine C Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2014
While grief, emotional distress and other mental health conditions have been associated with pregnancy loss, less is known about the mental health impact of these events during subsequent pregnancies and births. This paper examined the impact of any type of pregnancy loss on mental health in a subsequent pregnancy and ...
Swanson Megan M Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143. Electronic address: - - 2013
Delayed pregnancy testing has been associated with presentation for abortion in the second trimester. Little is known about acceptability of potential interventions to hasten pregnancy recognition. A total of 592 women presenting for abortion at six clinics in the United States completed surveys on contraceptive use, risk behavior, timing of ...
Wojnar Danuta M - - 2013
To describe the experiences of preconception, pregnancy, and new motherhood from the perspective of lesbian nonbiological mothers. Descriptive phenomenology. A private room at the study site and participants' homes. Twenty-four self-identified lesbian nonbiological mothers in a committed relationship and whose partner gave birth within the past 2 years participated. All of ...
Dornelles Associate Researcher Professor Lia Mara Netto LM Núcleo de Infância e Família, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Rua Anita Garibaldi, 1786 apt.711, Bairro Boa Vista, CEP 90480-200, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
to explore women's fears during pregnancy following conception via assisted reproductive technology (ART). 19 expectant first-time mothers were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy using a semi-structured schedule. Perceptions of and feelings about pregnancy were assessed. Content analysis was used to identify themes and subthemes. four overarching themes emerged: ...
Franchak John M JM New York University, New York, NY, USA, - - 2013
Possibilities for action depend on the fit between the body and the environment. Perceiving what actions are possible is challenging, because the body and the environment are always changing. How do people adapt to changes in body size and compression? In Experiment 1, we tested pregnant women monthly over the ...
Jette Shannon S University of Maryland, College Park, MD, - - 2013
In this article, we use qualitative methodology to explore how 15 low-income women of diverse sociocultural location construct and experience health and weight gain during pregnancy, as well as how they position themselves in relation to messages pertaining to weight gain, femininity and motherhood that they encounter in their lives. ...
Aengst Jennifer - - 2013
Infanticide is a widespread practice, yet few ethnographic and theoretical works examine this. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in the Indian Himalayas, I argue that infanticide is a form of reproductive disruption that elicits both public moral judgments and private silences. In this Himalayan context, the stigmas of abortion and ...
Iezzoni Lisa I - - 2013
Growing numbers of reproductive-age US women with chronic physical disabilities (CPD) are becoming pregnant. Little is known about the health conditions causing their CPD. To identify health conditions causing CPD among reproductive-age women and specifically among currently pregnant women. Cross-sectional, nationally representative National Health Interview Survey data from 2006 to ...
Heery Emily - - 2013
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is a major risk factor for macrosomia (high birth weight delivery). This study aimed to explore views about weight gain and lifestyle practices during pregnancy among women with a history of macrosomia. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted. Twenty-one second-time mothers whose first infant was ...
Aiken Abigail R A - - 2013
Women's retrospective reports of their feelings about a pregnancy and of its intendedness are often inconsistent, particularly among Latinas. Interpretation of this incongruence as ambivalence overlooks the possibility that happiness about the prospect of pregnancy and desire to prevent pregnancy need not be mutually exclusive. Data from the 2006-2008 Border ...
McGowan Ciara A - - 2013
Maternal diet is known to impact pregnancy outcome. Following a low glycemic index (GI) diet during pregnancy has been shown to improve maternal glycemia and reduce infant birthweight and may be associated with a higher fibre intake. We assessed the impact of a low GI dietary intervention on maternal GI, ...
Asplin Nina - - 2013
to explore what women who have had a pregnancy terminated due to a detected fetal malformation perceived as having been important in their encounters with caregivers for promoting their healthy adjustment and well-being. an exploratory descriptive design was used. Semi-structured interviews were audiotaped, and the information pathway described. The text ...
Birtwell Beatrice - - 2013
Eight pregnant women, considered to be 'vulnerable' due to exposure to a number of underlying risk factors, participated in semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences of pregnancy and of Mellow Bumps, a 6-week targeted antenatal intervention. Interview transcripts were explored using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The analysis revealed five superordinate themes: pregnancy ...
Turunen Kaisa - - 2013
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a hormone-provoked disorder that fades quickly after parturition. The aim of this study was to establish whether a history of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy reduces the use of hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms and, irrespective of hormone therapy, whether intrahepatic cholestasis is associated with other ...
Hopkins Julia - - 2013
According to the psychoanalytical literature, it is during pregnancy that maternal representations of the mother-infant relationship become activated. Midwives who are engaged with the mother and the baby have not drawn upon this concept in their practice. In order for this to happen, it is important to understand better the ...
Frohwirth Lori L The Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10038, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
More than half (52%) of unintended pregnancies in the United States (U.S.) occur among the 10.7% of women using no contraceptive method. We interviewed a sample of women obtaining abortions in the U.S. in 2008 (n = 49) and explored their attitudes toward and beliefs about their risk of pregnancy. We found ...
Alderman Harold - - 2013
The long-term impact of early malnutrition on human capital outcomes remains unclear, and existing evidence has come largely from observational studies. We compared the impact of a nutritional supplement given during pregnancy or lactation in rural Gambia on educational performance and cognitive ability in offspring at their maturity. This study ...
Fenton Christine - - 2013
Pre-eclampsia remains a major burden of disease, accounting for approximately 50,000-70,000 maternal deaths each year worldwide. Frustratingly, the management of pre-eclampsia has remained essentially unchanged for much of the last century and focussed primarily on maternal blood pressure control to allow fetal maturation. Recent advances in the understanding of the ...
La Marca-Ghaemmaghami Pearl - - 2013
Little is known about the effect of social support on the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during pregnancy. Moreover, when investigating the HPA axis most studies do not consider the activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2), an enzyme within the salivary glands that inactivates cortisol to cortisone. This ...
Phadnis S V - - 2013
Pre-eclampsia is a disorder that occurs only during pregnancy and the postpartum period and affects both the mother and the unborn child. Affecting at least 5-8% of all pregnancies, it can be a rapidly progressive condition characterised by hypertension and proteinuria. Oedema, sudden weight gain, headaches and changes in vision ...
Van Lieshout Ryan J - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to summarize studies that have examined associations between maternal adiposity prior to and during pregnancy and cognitive and psychiatric problems in offspring. Of the 11 studies published since a 2011 systematic review, four examined cognitive outcomes alone, four assessed psychopathology exclusively, and three reported ...
Ryan Jennifer M - - 2013
The maternal diet provides critical nutrients that can influence fetal and infant brain development and function. This review highlights the potential benefits of maternal dietary ganglioside supplementation on fetal and infant brain development. English-language systematic reviews, preclinical studies, and clinical studies were obtained through searches on PubMed. Reports were selected ...
Robinson Gail Erlick - - 2013
Women who lose desired pregnancies by miscarriage, stillbirth, or genetic termination are at risk of suffering from grief, anxiety, guilt and self-blame that may even present in subsequent pregnancies. It is important to find effective means of helping women deal with these losses. The approach to stillbirth has shifted from ...
Santangelo Carmela - - 2013
Obesity is a global and dramatic public health problem; maternal obesity represents one of the main risk factors of infertility and pregnancy complications as it is associated with adverse maternal and offspring outcomes. In the last few years, adipose tissue dysfunction associated with altered adipocytokine secretion has been suggested to ...
Botsford Morgan Whitney - - 2013
The current research targets 4 potential stereotypes driving hostile attitudes and discriminatory behaviors toward pregnant women: incompetence, lack of commitment, inflexibility, and need for accommodation. We tested the relative efficacy of reducing concerns related to each of the stereotypes in a field experiment in which female confederates who sometimes wore ...
Ricketts Sue - - 2013
Inadequate weight gain in pregnancy is a major contributor to low birth weight in Colorado, where the low birth weight rate is among the highest in the nation. In 2004, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment implemented a population-based intervention in 9 counties, including provider training and a ...
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