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Yuce T T Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the determining effects of diagnosis time on pregnancy outcomes in a population of pregnant women with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Records of all the pregnant women with thrombocytopenia were evaluated. Those with a confirmed diagnosis of ITP were included in the study. ...
Alshaarawy Omayma O Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, - - 2014
The timing of prenatal exposure to tobacco cigarette smoking can be crucial for the developing fetus. Pushing the field beyond prior pregnancy trimester-focused smoking estimates, we estimated month-specific prevalence proportions for tobacco cigarette smoking among pregnant and non-pregnant women of the United States, with consideration of tobacco dependence (TD) as ...
Lee Sunmin S Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, - - 2014
Pregnant adolescents (aged ≤18 y, n = 253) were followed from ≥12 wk of gestation to delivery to assess longitudinal changes in anemia and iron status and to explore associations between iron status indicators, hepcidin, and inflammatory markers. Hemoglobin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), ferritin, serum iron, erythropoietin (EPO), hepcidin, C-reactive ...
Nasri Kaouther K UR 06/SP14 Troubles du développement embryo-fœtal et placentaire, Service d'embryo-foetopathologie, Centre de Maternité et de Néonatologie La Rabta et de la Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Université El Manar, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neural tube defects are common major congenital anomalies that result from very early disruption in the development of the brain and spinal cord. We conducted an epidemiological study to determine the impact of some feto-maternal characteristics in the occurrence of NTD subtypes. Characteristics and outcomes of births with NTD and ...
Honein Margaret A MA National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
According to the 2014 Surgeon General's Report, smoking in early pregnancy can cause orofacial clefts. We sought to examine the implications of this causal link for the potential prevention of orofacial clefts in the United States. Using published data on the strength of the association between orofacial clefts and smoking ...
Helseth Ragnhild R Department of Internal Medicine, Drammen Hospital , Vestre - - 2014
Background. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both maternal and offspring adverse effects. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently adopted novel GDM criteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the former WHO and a simplified version of the new International Association for Diabetes in Pregnancy Study ...
Yassaee Fakhrolmolouk F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taleghani University Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Genomic Research Center, Infertility and Health Reseach Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Maternal subclinical hypothyroidism during pregnancy is associated with various adverse outcomes. Recent consensus guidelines advocate universal thyroid function screening during pregnancy. There are no data from Iran about the prevalence of thyroid hypofunction in pregnancy. This study aims to find the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction. In this descriptive cross sectional ...
Huynh Mary H MH Department of Health Sciences, Lehman College, CUNY, Bronx, NY, 10468, USA, - - 2014
Nativity status/length of stay in the US has been found to be associated with obesity. However, little work has examined the role of nativity status/length of stay in excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) in adolescents. This study utilized New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene birth certificate data ...
Lowry R Brian - - 2014
Objective :  To determine the prevalence and trends of orofacial clefts in Alberta (Canada) over a 33-year period (1980 through 2011) and to determine whether the trends differ for subcategories of orofacial clefts for the period from 1997 through 2011. Design :  A prevalence study based on the Alberta Congenital ...
Groves Allison K AK University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in South Africa. However, limited research exists on IPV during pregnancy and the postpartum period in South Africa. The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence, rates and correlates of IPV among South African women during pregnancy and ...
Ashwal Eran E Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, Petach - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Controversy exists concerning the impact of amniotic fluid index (AFI) on the accuracy of sonographic estimation of fetal weight (EFW). Thus, we aimed to evaluate whether differences in AFI has an influence on the accuracy of sonographic EFW. Methods: All term, singleton pregnancies which underwent a sonographic EFW ...
Nathan Nisha N Department of Endocrinology, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital and Medstar Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving Street Northwest, Suite 2A-72, Washington, DC 20010, - - 2014
Thyroid disorders are common in pregnancy and in nonpregnant women of childbearing age, but can be missed because of nonspecific symptoms and normal changes in thyroid gland physiology during pregnancy. The prevalence of overt hyperthyroidism complicating pregnancy has been reported to range between 0.4% and 1.7%, and an estimated 2% ...
Romagnuolo I I University of Florence, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Thrombosis Centre, Italy; Fiorgen Foundation, Florence, - - 2014
The recent prospective cohort study by Rodger MA et al., reported that women carrying FVL or PGM are not at a significantly increased risk of placenta mediated pregnancy complications. We have some comments on the interpretation of these results. In this study the authors investigated women of different ethnic backgrounds, 20% ...
Tennant Peter W G PW Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Partial urorectal septum malformation (pURSM) sequence (or 'persistent cloaca') is a rare congenital anomaly characterised by a joining of the urethral, anal, and genital openings into a single common channel. This study describes the epidemiology of pURSM sequence in England and Wales including prevalence, additional anomalies, and pregnancy outcomes. All ...
Méndez-Rosado L A LA National Center of Medical Genetic, La Habana, - - 2014
To analyze trends in cytogenetic prenatal diagnosis in Cuba and to analyze possible causes leading to a low Down syndrome prevalence in a country where the triple test is not available. An analysis of the Cuban program in prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis from 1984 to 2012 was conducted. Results are described, ...
Egbe Alexander A Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1201, New York, NY, 10029, USA, - - 2014
Although the epidemiology of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been described, the authors believe changes in prenatal factors such as termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly and prenatal vitamin supplementation have altered the birth prevalence of severe CHD. This population-based study reviewed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database and identified ...
Sahin Serap Baydur SB Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism Disease, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University Medical School, Rize, - - 2014
The effects of pregnancy on thyroid nodules were investigated in a few number of studies. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid nodules, the changes in size, volume and number of nodules during pregnancy and after delivery in pregnant women . This prospective study was performed in a severe ...
Hurt Lisa - - 2014
The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of seven markers in the general obstetric population and establish a cohort of children for longer-term follow-up to establish the clinical significance of these markers.Improvement in ultrasound imaging has led to the identification of subtle non-structural markers during the 18 ...
Meena Monika M C. Chandigarh, - - 2014
Thyroid autoimmunity can affect the course of pregnancy and its outcome. Although the adverse effects of thyroid antibodies in hypo- or hyperthyroidism have been increasingly identified, their effect in euthyroid women still remain a matter of debate. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies in pregnant ...
Horton Amanda A Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Estimated fetal weight is used routinely in the evaluation of the labor patient. Precise estimated fetal weight is necessary to provide adequate and accurate counseling to our patients. With the growing obesity epidemic, it is likely the clinical relevance of estimated fetal weight by Leopold's maneuvers is declining. The objective ...
Hadid Vicky V Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Data on sarcoidosis in pregnancy are sparse and limited to a few case reports and series. Our aim is to determine the prevalence of sarcoidosis at delivery and related maternal and newborn outcomes. Using the U.S. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2010, we conducted a ...
Gentry Adrienne L AL Virginia Tech-Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, - - 2014
Patients presenting with infertility are evaluated for an intrauterine abnormality. An intrauterine polyp or submucosal fibroid can act like an intrauterine device, lessening the chances for implantation of an embryo. Studies have noted a prevalence of intrauterine abnormalities in infertility patients to be 11-14 percent. The aim of this study ...
Desai Rishi J RJ Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, the Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, and the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
To report the prevalence of prescription opioid use and evaluate the trends in a large cohort of Medicaid-enrolled pregnant women. A cohort of pregnancies was identified using data from the Medicaid Analytical eXtract for the period of 2000-2007. Dispensing of opioids, as a class and separately for individual agents, was ...
Wesström Jan J Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden ; Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Falun, - - 2014
Both restless legs syndrome ([RLS], also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease [WED]) and depression are common during pregnancy. However, no prior studies have assessed if pregnant women with RLS have an elevated risk of depression during and/or after pregnancy. 1,428 women who were pregnant in gestational week 16-17 were asked to ...
Mei Zuguo Z Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, - - 2014
Universal prenatal daily iron-folic acid (IFA) and multiple micronutrient (MM) supplements are recommended to reduce the risk of low birth weight, maternal anemia, and iron deficiency (ID) during pregnancy, but the evidence of their effect on iron status among women with mild or no anemia is limited. The aim of ...
Srivanitchapoom Prachaya P Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 10700, Thailand; Human Motor Control Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2014
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensorimotor neurological disorder that is diagnosed according to the revised criteria of the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG). The pathophysiology of RLS is still unknown and its prevalence is influenced by ethnicity, age, and gender. RLS is divided into two types by etiology: ...
Nasiri Roya R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Abstract Background: Preeclampsia is one of the common causes of maternal and fetal mortality, and an important problem of pregnancy. This disorder can cause intracranial hemorrhage, intravascular coagulation, pulmonary edema, liver and renal failures and placental abruption. Objective: To evaluate the effects of seasonal and monthly changes of weather, humidity ...
Farrokh-Eslamlou Hamidreza H Reproductive Health Research Centre, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: In spite of enough prevalence data on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy from many countries, there are still some regions such as the Middle East with relatively limited data. The purpose of research was to investigate the magnitude of IPV during pregnancy in an Iranian community. Methods: Thirty ...
Wong Valerie W Y VW School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, - - 2014
Abstract We assessed the self-reported prevalence of influenza-like illness (ILI) during pregnancy in two samples of 546 and 2,764 new mothers who were pregnant during the 2009 - 10 and 2010 - 11 peak influenza seasons. During pregnancy, 11% of participants experienced an ILI. Cough, sore throat and nasal congestion ...
Muharram Siti Hanna SH PAP Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, BE 1410, Brunei - - 2014
Asymptomatic bacteriuria describes a condition in which urine culture reveals a significant growth of pathogenic bacteria, specifically greater than 10(5) of colony-forming units per millilitre of urine. It has a direct bearing on the health of a pregnant woman, her pregnancy and consequently the foetus. Thus, this study investigated the ...
Erlingsdottir Asthildur A Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland , Gardabaer , - - 2014
Objective. To study the prevalence and possible predictors for smoking during pregnancy in Iceland. Design. A cross-sectional study. Setting. Twenty-six primary health care centres in Iceland 2009-2010. Subjects. Women attending antenatal care in the 11th-16th week of pregnancy were invited to participate by convenient consecutive manner, stratified according to residency. ...
Facco Francesca L FL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pittsburgh, Magee Womens Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pregnancy among high-risk women. Study Design This was a prospective, observational study. We recruited women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2, chronic hypertension, pregestational diabetes, history of preeclampsia, and/or a twin gestation. ...
Amouzegar A A Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of subclinical and overt hypothyroidism based on local population-specific reference intervals versus arbitrary cutoffs that are not specific for the population studied or the assay used, during pregnancy in an area of iodine sufficiency. We tested a total of 203 ...
McQueen Dana B DB University of Chicago Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
To assess the prevalence of chronic endometritis in women with a history of recurrent early pregnancy loss (REPL) and/or fetal demise (FD). Observational cohort study using prospectively collected data. Recurrent pregnancy loss program in an academic medical center. Three hundred ninety-five women with a history of two or more pregnancy ...
Cui Yang Y Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
Smoking during pregnancy may cause many health problems for pregnant women and their newborns. However, there is a paucity of research that has examined the predictors of smoking during pregnancy in Canada. This study used data from the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) to estimate the prevalence of smoking ...
Zhao Yuhang Y Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Institute of Endocrinology, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Endocrine Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore vitamin D status and its dynamic changes during pregnancy in women living in Northeast China. The association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum calcium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone was studied. Because vitamin D deficiency or thyroid dysfunction/autoimmunity during pregnancy may lead to similar adverse events, the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin ...
Bérard Anick A Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Research Center, CHU Ste-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
We evaluated the potential and the validity of the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort (QPC) as a research tool in perinatal pharmacoepidemiology. The QPC was built by linking four administrative databases: RAMQ (medical and pharmaceutical data), Med-Echo (hospitalizations), ISQ (births/deaths), and MELS (Ministry of Education data). A self-administered questionnaire was sent to ...
Pilecco Flávia Bulegon FB Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Studies aimed at understanding the association between induced abortion and HIV are scarce and differ on the direction of the association. This paper aims to show the prevalence of induced abortion in a sample of pregnancies of women living and not living with HIV/Aids, determining variables associated with pregnancy termination ...
Ye Chun C Department of Obstetrics, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a group of medical complications in pregnancy and also a risk factor for severe pregnancy outcomes, but it lacks a large-scale epidemiological investigation in recent years. This survey represents a multicenter cross-sectional retrospective study to estimate the prevalence and analyze the risk factors for ...
Kanguru Lovney L IMMPACT, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK; - - 2014
Background: Little is known about the burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) in pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries despite high prevalence and mortality rates being observed in these countries. Objective: To investigate the prevalence and geographical patterns of DM in pregnancy up to 1 year post-delivery in low- and middle-income ...
Qin Jiabi J Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, Hunan, - - 2014
To estimate probability of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) among women with and without syphilis through a systematic review of published literatures. Chinese and English literatures were searched for studies assessing pregnancy outcomes in the presence of maternal syphilis through August 2013. The prevalence estimates were summarized and analyzed by meta-analysis. ...
van Drongelen Joris J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboudumc, the - - 2014
Renal vascular responses to pregnancy have frequently been studied, by investigating renal vascular resistance (RVR), renal flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and renal artery responses to stimuli. Nonetheless, several questions remain: 1. Which vasodilator pathways are activated and to what extent do they affect RVR, renal flow and GFR across ...
Fridman Moshe M Moshe Fridman is with AMF Consulting, Los Angeles, CA. Lisa M. Korst is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and Childbirth Research Associates, LLC, Los Angeles. Jessica Chow is with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Kimberly D. Gregory is with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars Sinai Medical Center and David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA. Elizabeth Lawton is with the Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, under contract with the University of California San Francisco. Connie Mitchell is with the California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division, - - 2013
Objectives. We examined trends in maternal comorbidities in California. Methods. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1 551 017 California births using state-linked vital statistics and hospital discharge cohort data for 1999, 2002, and 2005. We used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes to identify the following conditions, ...
Anand Tanu T Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College & Associated L.N., G.N.E.C. & G.B. Pant Hospitals, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) continues to be major public health problem in India. It is estimated that about 20% of maternal deaths are directly related to anemia and another 50% of maternal deaths are associated with it. The question, therefore, is why, despite being the first country to launch the ...
Baardman Maria E ME University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Eurocat Registration Northern Netherlands, Department of Genetics, Groningen, The - - 2013
To evaluate in a population-based cohort the effect of the introduction of the 20-week ultrasound scan (20wkUS) in 2007 on the time of diagnosis, pregnancy outcome, and total and live-born prevalence of cases with selected CHDs in the Netherlands. We included children and foetuses diagnosed with selected severe CHDs, born ...
Simms-Stewart D D Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Child Health, The University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, - - 2013
To determine the correlation of ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight and actual birthweight and the impact of the level of resident's training on the results. A prospective study of 90 women with term pregnancies. Ultrasound estimated fetal weight (EFW) was calculated by a preprogrammed Hadlock formula. Days from ultrasound to ...
Hood Julia E - - 2013
Simultaneous condom and hormonal contraception usage ('dual method use') maximises protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI), although there is concern that promotion of this strategy could result in diminished condom use and inadvertently increase STI risk. In this study, we (1) assessed how the use of dual methods, ...
Wellings Kaye K Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Unplanned pregnancy is a key public health indicator. We describe the prevalence of unplanned pregnancy, and associated factors, in a general population sample in Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales). We did a probability sample survey, the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), of 15,162 men and women ...
Guariguata L - - 2013
We estimated the number of live births worldwide and by IDF Region who developed hyperglycaemia in pregnancy in 2013, including total diabetes in pregnancy (known and previously undiagnosed diabetes) and gestational diabetes. Studies reporting prevalence of hyperglycaemia first-detected in pregnancy (formerly termed gestational diabetes) were identified using PubMed and through ...
Linnenkamp U - - 2013
Hyperglycaemia is one of the most prevalent metabolic disorders occurring during pregnancy. Limited data are available on the global prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has developed a methodology for generating estimates of the prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy, including hyperglycaemia first detected in pregnancy and ...
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