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Nasiri Roya R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - - 2014
Abstract Background: Preeclampsia is one of the common causes of maternal and fetal mortality, and an important problem of pregnancy. This disorder can cause intracranial hemorrhage, intravascular coagulation, pulmonary edema, liver and renal failures and placental abruption. Objective: To evaluate the effects of seasonal and monthly changes of weather, humidity ...
Wong Valerie W Y VW School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, - - 2014
Abstract We assessed the self-reported prevalence of influenza-like illness (ILI) during pregnancy in two samples of 546 and 2,764 new mothers who were pregnant during the 2009 - 10 and 2010 - 11 peak influenza seasons. During pregnancy, 11% of participants experienced an ILI. Cough, sore throat and nasal congestion ...
Erlingsdottir Asthildur A Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland , Gardabaer , - - 2014
Objective. To study the prevalence and possible predictors for smoking during pregnancy in Iceland. Design. A cross-sectional study. Setting. Twenty-six primary health care centres in Iceland 2009-2010. Subjects. Women attending antenatal care in the 11th-16th week of pregnancy were invited to participate by convenient consecutive manner, stratified according to residency. ...
Facco Francesca L FL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pittsburgh, Magee Womens Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pregnancy among high-risk women. Study Design This was a prospective, observational study. We recruited women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2, chronic hypertension, pregestational diabetes, history of preeclampsia, and/or a twin gestation. ...
Amouzegar A A Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of subclinical and overt hypothyroidism based on local population-specific reference intervals versus arbitrary cutoffs that are not specific for the population studied or the assay used, during pregnancy in an area of iodine sufficiency. We tested a total of 203 ...
McQueen Dana B DB University of Chicago Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
To assess the prevalence of chronic endometritis in women with a history of recurrent early pregnancy loss (REPL) and/or fetal demise (FD). Observational cohort study using prospectively collected data. Recurrent pregnancy loss program in an academic medical center. Three hundred ninety-five women with a history of two or more pregnancy ...
Cui Yang Y Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
Smoking during pregnancy may cause many health problems for pregnant women and their newborns. However, there is a paucity of research that has examined the predictors of smoking during pregnancy in Canada. This study used data from the 2009-2010 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) to estimate the prevalence of smoking ...
Zhao Yuhang Y Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Institute of Endocrinology, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Endocrine Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore vitamin D status and its dynamic changes during pregnancy in women living in Northeast China. The association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum calcium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone was studied. Because vitamin D deficiency or thyroid dysfunction/autoimmunity during pregnancy may lead to similar adverse events, the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin ...
Bérard Anick A Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Research Center, CHU Ste-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
We evaluated the potential and the validity of the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort (QPC) as a research tool in perinatal pharmacoepidemiology. The QPC was built by linking four administrative databases: RAMQ (medical and pharmaceutical data), Med-Echo (hospitalizations), ISQ (births/deaths), and MELS (Ministry of Education data). A self-administered questionnaire was sent to ...
Pilecco Flávia Bulegon FB Graduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Studies aimed at understanding the association between induced abortion and HIV are scarce and differ on the direction of the association. This paper aims to show the prevalence of induced abortion in a sample of pregnancies of women living and not living with HIV/Aids, determining variables associated with pregnancy termination ...
Fridman Moshe M Moshe Fridman is with AMF Consulting, Los Angeles, CA. Lisa M. Korst is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and Childbirth Research Associates, LLC, Los Angeles. Jessica Chow is with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Kimberly D. Gregory is with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars Sinai Medical Center and David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA. Elizabeth Lawton is with the Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, under contract with the University of California San Francisco. Connie Mitchell is with the California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division, - - 2013
Objectives. We examined trends in maternal comorbidities in California. Methods. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1 551 017 California births using state-linked vital statistics and hospital discharge cohort data for 1999, 2002, and 2005. We used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes to identify the following conditions, ...
Baardman Maria E ME University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Eurocat Registration Northern Netherlands, Department of Genetics, Groningen, The - - 2013
To evaluate in a population-based cohort the effect of the introduction of the 20-week ultrasound scan (20wkUS) in 2007 on the time of diagnosis, pregnancy outcome, and total and live-born prevalence of cases with selected CHDs in the Netherlands. We included children and foetuses diagnosed with selected severe CHDs, born ...
Hood Julia E - - 2013
Simultaneous condom and hormonal contraception usage ('dual method use') maximises protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI), although there is concern that promotion of this strategy could result in diminished condom use and inadvertently increase STI risk. In this study, we (1) assessed how the use of dual methods, ...
Wellings Kaye K Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Unplanned pregnancy is a key public health indicator. We describe the prevalence of unplanned pregnancy, and associated factors, in a general population sample in Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales). We did a probability sample survey, the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), of 15,162 men and women ...
Guariguata L - - 2013
We estimated the number of live births worldwide and by IDF Region who developed hyperglycaemia in pregnancy in 2013, including total diabetes in pregnancy (known and previously undiagnosed diabetes) and gestational diabetes. Studies reporting prevalence of hyperglycaemia first-detected in pregnancy (formerly termed gestational diabetes) were identified using PubMed and through ...
Linnenkamp U - - 2013
Hyperglycaemia is one of the most prevalent metabolic disorders occurring during pregnancy. Limited data are available on the global prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has developed a methodology for generating estimates of the prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy, including hyperglycaemia first detected in pregnancy and ...
Rasheed Salah M SM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of bilateral internal iliac artery ligation (BIL), bilateral uterine artery ligation (BUAL), step-wise uterine devascularization (SWUD), and B-Lynch on infertility, ovarian reserve, and pregnancy outcome. The study included 168 infertile or pregnant patients-recruited at outpatient clinics in Egypt-who had previously undergone uterine-sparing surgery (BIL [group I], ...
Jackson Jodi M - - 2013
The prevalence of trisomy 21 has been reported to differ by race-ethnicity, however, the results are inconsistent and the cause of the differences is unknown. Using data from 1996 to 2005 from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP), we analyzed the use of prenatal cytogenetic testing and the subsequent ...
Yang Xiaokui - - 2013
To survey the proportion of births born after assisted reproductive technology (ART) and compare the obstetric and prenatal complications between ART and spontaneous pregnancy in women in mainland China. Retrospective analysis. Thirty-nine hospitals. A total of 112,403 deliveries from 14 provinces and 39 different hospitals composed our retrospective study. A ...
Tong Van T - - 2013
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk for complications such as fetal growth restriction, preterm delivery, and infant death. In 2002, 5%-8% of preterm deliveries, 13%-19% of term infants with growth restriction, 5%-7% of preterm-related deaths, and 23%-34% of deaths from sudden infant death syndrome were attributable to prenatal smoking in ...
Räisänen Sari - - 2013
In industrialised countries, approximately 5-20% of women smoke during pregnancy. We aim to study the association between smoking during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes. A retrospective population-based cohort study using data on all singleton births between 1991 and 2010 (n=1 164 953) derived from the Finnish Medical Birth Register. Of ...
Andersen Stine Linding - - 2013
Introduction:Hyperthyroidism in pregnant women should be adequately treated to prevent maternal and fetal complications, but teratogenic effects of antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment have been described. Evidence is still lacking in regard to the safety and choice of ATD in early pregnancy.Objective:Our objective was to determine to which degree the use ...
Han Alice - - 2013
Very high rates of intimate partner violence during pregnancy (IPV-P) are reported in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) but data on prevalence and obstetric-related outcomes are limited. To conduct a literature review on risk factors, prevalence, and adverse obstetric-related outcomes of IPV-P in LAC. Systematic review of studies in ...
McCarthy Fergus P - - 2013
To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and binge drinking before and during early pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We used data from 5,628 nulliparous pregnant participants recruited to the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study, a prospective cohort study. Participants were interviewed at 15 weeks of gestation and information ...
Jacob Jubbin Jagan JJ Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology, David Anderson Building, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, Scotland, United - - 2013
Subclinical hypothyroidism based on population and trimester specific cut-offs is reported to complicate 1-2% of all pregnancies. Using the recent Endocrine Society guidelines of 2.5 mIU/L of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone as the upper level of normal in the first trimester the reported prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism is much higher. Recent ...
Onoh Rc R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, - - 2013
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence against women. It is a major public health problem and violates the fundamental human rights of women. To determine the prevalence, pattern and consequences of IPV during pregnancy in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire was designed for cross-sectional ...
Christesen Henrik Thybo - - 2013
Thank you for the opportunity to respond to the comments of Karras et al. on our study of a cohort of Danish women in early pregnancy(1) . The authors raise several important questions regarding the analysis method of serum 25(OH)D and the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. We measured serum 25(OH)D2+3 ...
Khoo Chin Meng - - 2013
Endocrine emergencies in pregnancy are rare and are more likely to occur in the absence of good obstetric care. Serious thyroid and diabetes related events in pregnancy are more common because of their higher prevalence in the normal population. Pituitary complications in pregnancy are now relatively rare. A high index ...
Larsen John - - 2013
To compare gestational age (GA) estimates in early pregnancy, determined by last menstrual period (LMP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) concentration, ultrasound crown-rump length (Hadlock formula), and ovulation day (luteinizing hormone surge plus 1day). Female volunteers seeking to conceive (at 5 US sites) collected daily early-morning urine for up to 3 ...
Skagerström Janna - - 2013
There is a paucity of research on predictors for drinking during pregnancy among women in Sweden and reported prevalence rates differ considerably between studies conducted at different antenatal care centres. Since this knowledge is relevant for preventive work the aim of this study was to investigate these issues using a ...
Cohen A K - - 2013
ObjectiveWhile several studies have found an association between excessive gestational weight gain and obesity later in life, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have explored the role of gestational weight gain events across the life course.Design and MethodsWe describe how the prevalence of mid-life obesity (BMI30 at age ...
Ní Shúilleabháin A - - 2013
There is no established safe level of alcohol consumption in pregnancy. Studies from Ireland have consistently shown lower abstention and higher binge drinking rates in pregnancy than other countries, indicating a high potential for foetal alcohol-related disorders. There has been little research on alcohol in pregnancy in primary care. To ...
- - 2013
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a frequent neurological disorder which predominantly affects women. Pregnancy is one of the most common conditions leading to secondary RLS. Severe symptoms of RLS may lead to complications of pregnancy and/or labor. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of ...
Firouzabadi Razieh Dehghani - - 2013
This study investigated whether there is a correlation between levels of 25OH-D in the follicular fluid and the serum of infertile women and the results of IVF and rates of pregnancy. The association between the levels of 25OH-D in the follicular fluid and the vitamin D repletion status was also ...
Vahdat Mansoureh - - 2013
To investigate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) during pregnancy and to evaluate factors associated with RLS in a population of Iranian pregnant women. In the present cross-sectional study, 443 consecutive pregnant women admitted for delivery underwent an interview within 2days of parturition. The diagnosis of RLS was established ...
Grammatikopoulou Maria G - - 2013
To report a pilot prevalence of maternal overweight, obesity and underweight in selected Greek counties. A total of 441 adult childbearing women were recruited from maternity clinics in 6 Greek counties for this cross-sectional study. Pre-gravid weight status was defined according to the WHO cut-offs and gravid weight status was ...
Hall Hannah R - - 2013
to determine the prevalence of women's use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) during pregnancy in the UK, reasons for use, who recommended CAM, and the characteristics of women that are associated with use of CAM during pregnancy. cross-sectional questionnaire. Birmingham Women's Hospital. 315 postnatal women were surveyed while on ...
Ezugwu E C - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy at booking and to determine factors associated with its occurrence in order to proffer solutions. This was a 12-month cross-sectional study of pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic for the first time (booking visit) at ESUTTH, ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2013
The objectives are to report the estimated prevalence of pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a defined population of Alaska Native women and also examine factors contributing to an intensive and successful collaboration between a tribal health center and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Investigators abstracted medical ...
Levandowski Brooke A - - 2013
Abortion is legally restricted in Malawi, and no data are available on the incidence of the procedure. The Abortion Incidence Complications Methodology was used to estimate levels of induced abortion in Malawi in 2009. Data on provision of postabortion care were collected from 166 public, nongovernmental and private health facilities, ...
Hutchinson Delyse - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and describe the patterns of alcohol use during pregnancy among Australian mothers. The study also aimed to examine the characteristics associated with alcohol use in pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data comprised two representative samples of families (infant cohort = 5107 parents of ...
Bowers Katherine - - 2013
Both major depression and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are prevalent among women of reproductive age. Our objective was to determine whether a medical history of depression is related to subsequent development of GDM. The Consortium on Safe Labor was a US retrospective cohort study of 228 562 births between 2002 and ...
Simões-Wüst Ana Paula - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Alternative lifestyles are often associated with distinct practices with respect to nutrition, physical activity, smoking, alcohol use and usage of complementary medicine. Evidence concerning effects of these lifestyle-related practices on health status is still fragmentary. OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal health characteristics related to alternative lifestyles, with emphasis on body-weight ...
Tong Van T - - 2013
We compared three measures of maternal smoking status--prepregnancy, during pregnancy, and smoking cessation during pregnancy-between the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire and the 2003 revised birth certificate (BC). We analyzed data from 10,485 women with live births in eight states from the 2008 PRAMS survey, a confidential, anonymous ...
South A P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the medical literature reporting the risk for intrauterine fetal demise in pregnancies with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically searched the literature to identify all published studies through June 2011 that were archived in MEDLINE, PubMed, or referenced in published manuscripts. ...
Burns Lucy - - 2013
ISSUES.: Alcohol exposure in utero is associated with a range of adverse outcomes in pregnancy and can cause long-term disability. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term to describe a range of effects from prenatal alcohol exposure including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Determining the prevalence of FASD is ...
Freeman S L - - 2013
Free fluid within the uterine lumen has been identified ultrasonographically as a transient finding in normal bitches in the period immediately after mating, and delayed clearance of the fluid has been documented in bitches with endometrial hyperplasia. This study used B-mode ultrasonography to investigate the prevalence of free fluid in ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2013
Background. The current cross-sectional study examined the associations between low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and the prevalence of wheeze, asthma, and eczema in Japanese children aged three years. Methods. Study subjects were 2004 children. All data were obtained using a questionnaire. Outcomes were defined according to ...
Tonks A M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in prenatal detection and current estimates of prevalence for trisomies 18 (T18) and 13 (T13), and their implications for screening policy. METHODS: Cohort study from a population-based regional anomaly register covering 995,003 births (1995-2009). RESULTS: There were 786 affected cases. Total prevalence of T18 increased from ...
Cresswell Jenny A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: (i) To estimate the prevalence burden of placenta praevia in each world region, and (ii) to investigate potential sources of heterogeneity. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature and random-effects meta-analysis. Potential sources of heterogeneity were investigated using meta-regression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of placenta praevia was 5.2 per 1000 ...
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