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Soh May Ching MC Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, King's Health Partners, London, - - 2014
Rheumatologists are increasingly involved in the care of young women who, in the age of biologic therapy, are now gaining control of their rheumatic diseases and attempting pregnancy. With careful planning, most women with rheumatic diseases have successful pregnancies. This article focuses specifically on the highest-risk pregnancies and controversial areas. ...
Allin Michael J MJ City University, London - - 2014
Assisted reproductive technology encompasses methods of achieving pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means. Whilst these methods are more commonly used by couples suffering from problems of infertility, some forms of assistance are employed by fertile couples, for example pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. The overall regulatory framework in the UK is ...
Zhao Yang Y Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, 718 Salk Hall, 3501 Terrace St, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Pregnancy is associated with a variety of physiological changes that can alter the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of several drugs. However, limited data exists on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the majority of the medications used in pregnancy. In this article, we first describe basic concepts (drug absorption, bioavailability, distribution, metabolism, ...
Grigore Mihaela M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medis Medical Centre, Iasi, Romania. - - 2014
The occurrence of a fetal tumor is rare, 50% of all fetal tumors being sacrococcygeal teratomas. Prenatal diagnosis of this condition is important for the monitoring of the affected fetuses and for establishing the mode and time of delivery. We describe two cases of fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma diagnosed by 2D- ...
McCracken Katherine A KA Kosair Children's Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky, - - 2014
To provide clinicians with a review of recent research and clinically applicable tools regarding teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy rates have declined but still remain a significant problem in the USA. Teen pregnancy prevention was identified by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of its top six priorities, which ...
Ezzati Mohammad M Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390-9032, USA, - - 2014
With the advent of assisted reproductive technology in the past three decades, the clinical importance of fallopian tubes has been relatively overlooked. However, successful spontaneous conception requires normal function of the tube to provide not only a conduit for the gametes to convene and embryo to reach the uterine cavity, ...
Moussa Mahmoud M Shanghai Institute of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200040, - - 2014
Cryopreservation techniques for mammalian oocytes and embryos have rapidly progressed during the past two decades, emphasizing their importance in various assisted reproductive technologies. Pregnancies and live births resulting from cryopreserved oocytes and embryos of several species including humans have provided proof of principle and led to the adoption of cryopreservation ...
Zhu Bo B Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, China; Key Laboratory of Reproductive Genetics, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is identified with the widely-applied assisted reproductive technology (ART). Bilateral ectopic pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy which is difficult to be diagnosed at the pre-operation stage. In this paper, we presented an unusual case of heterochronic bilateral ectopic pregnancy after stimulated intrauterine insemination (IUI), where ...
Drukker Lior L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary arrest is a rare event during pregnancy and labor. Perimortem cesarean section has been resorted to as a rare event since ancient times; however, greater awareness regarding this procedure within the medical community has only emerged in the past few decades. Current recommendations for maternal resuscitation include performance of ...
Mihălţan Florin Dumitru FD University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Institutul de Pneumologie Marius Nasta, Sos.Viilor Nr.90 Sect.5, 050159, Bucuresti, Romania, - - 2014
Asthma in pregnancy represents a complex therapeutic challenge as it can have unfavourable consequences on both the mother and the fetus. Pregnancy can have a variable impact on asthma, and there is no general rule to predict in whom is going to be better, stable or worse. On the other ...
Namazy Jennifer A JA Scripps Clinic, 7565 Mission Valley Road, San Diego, CA 92108, USA - - 2014
Pregnancy may be complicated by new onset or preexisting asthma. This article reviews the recognition and management of asthma during pregnancy, as well as general principles of asthma medication use during pregnancy.
Pooh Ritsuko Kimata - - 2014
Abstract Recent development of three-dimensional (3D) high definition (HD) ultrasound has resulted in remarkable progress in visualization of early embryos and fetuses in sonoembryology. The new technology of HDlive assesses both structural and functional developments in the first trimester with greater reliably than two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. The ability to visualize ...
Verkuyl D A A DA Refaja Hospital, Obs & Gyn Department, Stadskanaal and CASA Klinieken, Leiden, The - - 2014
The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Committee for the Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction and Women's Health advises against tubal occlusion (TO) performed at the time of caesarean section (CS/TO) or following a vaginal delivery (VD/TO) if this sterilisation has not been discussed with the woman in an ...
Younger Mimi M University of Salford, The Crescent, Salford, Lancashire M5 4WT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
the aim is to explore the psychosocial needs of women who are pregnant after assisted conception, specifically in vitro Fertilisation and whether their needs are being addressed within the current maternity care service. critical review of the literature using a narrative approach. 15 papers were identified. These included both qualitative ...
Lorenz Robert P RP Dr. Lorenz is from the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan; e-mail: - - 2014
This month, we focus on current research in bed rest in pregnancy. Dr. Lorenz discusses four recent publications, and each is concluded with a "bottom line" that is the take-home message. The complete reference for each can be found in Box 1 on this page, along with direct links to ...
Sepulveda Waldo W Fetal Medicine Center, Fetal Medicine Interest Group GIMEF, Santiago, Chile (W.S., A.E.W.); Medical-Genetics Department, Moscow Regions Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Moscow, Russia (E.A., N.O.); Delta-Ultrasound Diagnostic Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Madrid, Spain (P.M.-T.); and Monash Ultrasound for Women, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (S.M.). - - 2014
To determine whether the biparietal diameter measurement is altered in first-trimester fetuses with holoprosencephaly. Cases of holoprosencephaly were collected retrospectively from 4 fetal medicine centers, and first-trimester biparietal diameter measurements were reviewed. The diagnosis of holoprosencephaly was established sonographically by the detection of abnormal choroid plexus morphologic characteristics (absent "butterfly" ...
Pluchino Nicola N Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospitals of Geneva, - - 2014
Endocrine disorders play a major role in approximately 8% to 12% of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Indeed, the local hormonal milieu is crucial in both embryo attachment and early pregnancy. Endocrine abnormalities, including thyroid disorders, luteal phase defects, polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperprolactinaemia and diabetes have to be evaluated in any ...
Gnoth C C green-ivf, Grevenbroich, Germany ; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
The first home pregnancy test was introduced in 1976. Since then, pregnancy tests have become the most common diagnostic assay used at home. Pregnancy tests use antibodies to detect human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). It is an ideal marker of pregnancy since it rises rapidly and consistently in early pregnancy and ...
Evenson Kelly R KR Research Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Postpartum physical activity can improve mood, maintain cardiorespiratory fitness, improve weight control, promote weight loss, and reduce depression and anxiety. This review summarizes current guidelines for postpartum physical activity worldwide. PubMed (MEDLINE) was searched for country-specific government and clinical guidelines on physical activity after pregnancy through the year 2013. Only ...
Anwari Jamil S JS Department of Anesthesia, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh 11159, Saudi - - 2014
This is the first case report on anesthesia for fetoscopy performed in Saudi Arabia. Epidural anesthesia was given to the mother in her late second trimester for the fetoscopic intervention. The anesthesia related issues such as physiological and anatomical changes in pregnancy, tocolytic medications and their interactions with anesthesia, anesthetizing/sedating ...
Suzuki Hirotada H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
To describe a naturally conceived woman with ovary hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) accompanying molar pregnancy and review the literature on this condition. We report a 31-year-old 2 parous naturally conceived woman with OHSS accompanying partial molar pregnancy. Dilatation and evacuation (D&E) were performed at 10 weeks of gestation. The signs and symptoms ...
Giusti Guido G Urology Department, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Italy, - - 2014
To critically review and synthesize data of ureteroscopy (URS) in different circumstances that all urologists may encounter during everyday clinical practice, such as pregnancy, obesity, bleeding diathesis, renal stones larger than 2 cm, calyceal diverticula, and kidney malformations. According to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature review was performed to identify ...
Lina Ben Ar - - 2014
In a recent study by Mennitti et al., the authors concluded that oligofructose supplementation during pregnancy and lactation impairs offspring development.However, the data reported in this article have limitations and should be interpreted with caution. A conclusion with respect to offspring development does not seem justified.
Wessels Jm J Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of using pharmacological compounds on reproductive outcomes, particularly litter size, in North American swine. While the opportunity to improve reproduction in North American pigs exists, numerous hurdles need to be overcome in order to achieve measureable results. In the swine ...
Thomin Anne A Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Tenon, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine , 4 rue de la Chine, Paris, 75020 , France - - 2014
Introduction: Emergency contraception (EC) offers women an important strategy to prevent unintended pregnancy following intercourse. Despite the constant improvement of availability of different molecules and techniques already existing (Yuzpe regimen, levonorgestrel, intrauterine device) and the emergence of ulipristal acetate, the numbers of unintended pregnancies and unplanned births could still be ...
Patton Phillip E PE Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
In the last 3 years, we have witnessed the publication of multiple but conflicting guidelines on the management of hypothyroidism during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrinopathies in reproductive-age and pregnant women. Given the prevalence of thyroid disease, it is highly likely that obstetricians will encounter and ...
Koren Gideon G The Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, 555 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies have suggested that nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) may confer favorable pregnancy outcome, when compared to women not experiencing NVP. However, this was never examined systematically. We systematically reviewed all human studies examining potential effects of NVP on rates of miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, prematurity and ...
Chandraharan Edwin E Women's Services, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Fetal cardiotocography (CTG) is characterized by low specificity and therefore in an attempt to ensure fetal wellbeing fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) has been recommended by most obstetrical societies in case of a non-reassuring CTG. The scientific agreement on the evidence for using FBS to decrease the rate of operative ...
Jørgensen Jan Stener JS Odense University Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Clinical Research, Perinatal Research Unit, - - 2014
During the 1970s and 1980s, electronic fetal monitoring and fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) were introduced without robust evidence. With a methodical review of the published literature, and using one randomized controlled trial, seven controlled studies, nine randomized studies of various surveillance methods and data from the Danish National Birth ...
Orlin Jan Roar JR Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Bergen Bergen, Norway ; Department of Orthopaedics, Førde Central Hospital Førde, N-6807, - - 2014
A case of intolerable leg pain in pregnancy, caused by Chronic Compartment Syndrome (CCS), is presented. Increasing amounts of opioids were given throughout the pregnancy. Anesthetical dilemmas and surgery are discussed. In conclusion, early surgery rather than opioids is recommended.
Cecchino Gustavo Nardini GN Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Carlos Weber, 956, Apto. 113 Visage, Alto da Lapa, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05303-000, - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal death in the first trimester of pregnancy. The dosage of beta fraction of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) and improvement of the transvaginal ultrasound allowed an earlier diagnosis and a conservative management. Currently, the use of systemic methotrexate (MTX) proved to be a great ...
Goodman Michael M Emory University School of Public Health, Atlanta, - - 2014
Atrazine (ATR) is a commonly used agricultural herbicide that has been the subject of epidemiologic studies assessing its relation to reproductive health problems. This review evaluates both the consistency and the quality of epidemiologic evidence testing the hypothesis that ATR exposure, at usually encountered levels, is a risk factor for ...
Reddy Uma M UM Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 4B03F, Bethesda, MD 20892-7510 USA. - - 2014
Given that practice variation exists in the frequency and performance of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development hosted a workshop to address indications for ultrasound and MRI in pregnancy, to discuss when and how often these ...
Quinones Joanne N JN Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
A 2009 Cochrane review found that amniotic fluid index use increases the rates of oligohydramnios and labor induction in singletons without improvement of perinatal outcomes when compared with the use of the deepest vertical pocket. We sought to determine the use of either amniotic fluid index or deepest vertical pocket ...
Reddy Uma M UM Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland; Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, - - 2014
Given that practice variation exists in the frequency and performance of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development hosted a workshop to address indications for ultrasound and MRI in pregnancy, to discuss when and how often these ...
MacGregor E Anne EA Barts Sexual Health Centre, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, EC1A 7BE, UK, - - 2014
Migraine in pregnancy can cause considerable concern to both patient and doctor, particularly if migraine starts for the first time during pregnancy or if the woman has her first attack with aura. There is often confusion regarding which medicines are safe to use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, leaving many women unable ...
O'Brien O A OA UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. However, the actuality of delivering effective lifestyle interventions in clinical practice is hampered by a high demand for resources. The use of technology to assist lifestyle interventions needs to be explored as a valid method of ...
Aromatario Mariarosaria M Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena, 336, 00161, Rome, - - 2014
In forensic medicine, gestational age of fetal remains is a crucial information in several contests, but the classic methods are inadequate when early gestational age needs to be assessed. In the author's experience, the measurement of the biparietal diameter provides more accurate information for this purpose. The status of the ...
Patel Shivani S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the incidence of histopathological features in placentas from women with cholestasis of pregnancy to healthy individuals without ICP. Methods: Placentas from mothers with and without cholestasis of pregnancy were reviewed by a pathologist masked to the study group. Subjects were excluded if they had medical problems already ...
Wiedaseck Susan - - 2014
Placenta previa, low-lying placenta, and placenta accreta are aberrations in the normal development of the placenta. Diagnosis in the prenatal period is essential because each of these pathologies can have a profound impact on the management of labor, birth, and the third stage. In recent years, there has been an ...
Weinert Letícia Schwerz LS Postgraduate Program in Endocrinology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
Research into the extra-skeletal functions of vitamin D has been expanding in recent years. During pregnancy, maternal vitamin D status may be of concern because of the key role of this vitamin in fetal skeletal development and due to the association between hypovitaminosis D and adverse maternal-fetal outcomes. Therefore, the ...
Mollo Antonio A Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Scienze Riproduttive ed Odontostomatologiche Federico II University of Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cesarean scar pregnancy is a specific ectopic pregnancy implanted in the scar tissue of a previous cesarean section. To date, no clear consensus exists regarding its management and treatment. Timely diagnosis of this condition is fundamental, owing to the high rate of life-threatening complications and massive hemorrhage. The use of ...
Farina Antonio A Department of Medicine and Surgery (DIMEC) Division of Prenatal Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Placental development is a major cause of a successful pregnancy and, in the presence of placental dysfunction, there is a higher risk of pregnancy complications. Doppler technology can be used for screening and detecting the more common pregnancy-associated diseases like preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation and perinatal loss. In this review ...
Abdo I I Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. - - 2014
The microcirculation, like all physiological systems undergoes modifications during the course of pregnancy. These changes aid the adaption to the new anatomical and physiological environment of pregnancy and ensure adequate oxygen supply to the fetus. Even though the microcirculation is believed to be involved in major pregnancy related pathologies, it ...
Fylstra Donald L - - 2014
With no single regimen recognized as the standard for the treatment of 1(st) trimester cervical pregnancy, this report offers a successful treatment option with suction curettage and balloon tamponade. This is a retrospective review, with institutional review board approval, of 13 consecutive first trimester cervical pregnancies, from 1995-2014, all treated ...
Tempe Anjali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2014
Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a rare congenital tumor and its association with IVF pregnancy is not clear. There are limited reports of congenital tumors in IVF pregnancy. The exact embryogenesis of SCT is not known but a genetic etiology has been reported. Whether these congenital tumors have any association with ...
Coe Christopher L CL Harlow Center for Biology Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Electronic address: - - 2014
The placenta is essential to mammalian pregnancy with many roles beyond just nutrient supply, including both endocrine and immune functions. During the course of evolution, the placenta of higher primates has acquired some unique features, including the capacity to secrete corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). In addition, a placental receptor for IgG ...
Viljoen Estelle - - 2014
Background and objectives: Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) occur commonly. Possible harmful side-effects of conventional medicine to the fetus create the need for alternative options to relieve NVP. This systematic review (SR) investigated current evidence regarding orally administered ginger for the treatment of NVP. The primary objective was to ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2014
Only a few years ago the American Society of Assisted Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) and the British Fertility Society declared preimplantation genetic screening (PGS#1) ineffective in improving in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy rates and in reducing miscarriage rates. A presumably upgraded form ...
O'Brien Christine M CM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B, Box 351631, Nashville, TN, 37235, - - 2014
The molecular changes that occur with cervical remodelling during pregnancy are not completely understood. This paper reviews Raman spectroscopy, an optical technique for detecting changes in the pregnant cervix, and reports preliminary studies on cervical remodelling in mice that suggest that the technique provides advantages over other methods. Conclusion. Raman ...
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