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Mihălţan Florin Dumitru FD University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Institutul de Pneumologie Marius Nasta, Sos.Viilor Nr.90 Sect.5, 050159, Bucuresti, Romania, - - 2014
Asthma in pregnancy represents a complex therapeutic challenge as it can have unfavourable consequences on both the mother and the fetus. Pregnancy can have a variable impact on asthma, and there is no general rule to predict in whom is going to be better, stable or worse. On the other ...
Namazy Jennifer A JA Scripps Clinic, 7565 Mission Valley Road, San Diego, CA 92108, USA - - 2014
Pregnancy may be complicated by new onset or preexisting asthma. This article reviews the recognition and management of asthma during pregnancy, as well as general principles of asthma medication use during pregnancy.
Pooh Ritsuko Kimata - - 2014
Abstract Recent development of three-dimensional (3D) high definition (HD) ultrasound has resulted in remarkable progress in visualization of early embryos and fetuses in sonoembryology. The new technology of HDlive assesses both structural and functional developments in the first trimester with greater reliably than two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. The ability to visualize ...
Verkuyl D A A DA Refaja Hospital, Obs & Gyn Department, Stadskanaal and CASA Klinieken, Leiden, The - - 2014
The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Committee for the Ethical Aspects of Human Reproduction and Women's Health advises against tubal occlusion (TO) performed at the time of caesarean section (CS/TO) or following a vaginal delivery (VD/TO) if this sterilisation has not been discussed with the woman in an ...
Lorenz Robert P RP Dr. Lorenz is from the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan; e-mail: - - 2014
This month, we focus on current research in bed rest in pregnancy. Dr. Lorenz discusses four recent publications, and each is concluded with a "bottom line" that is the take-home message. The complete reference for each can be found in Box 1 on this page, along with direct links to ...
Sepulveda Waldo W Fetal Medicine Center, Fetal Medicine Interest Group GIMEF, Santiago, Chile (W.S., A.E.W.); Medical-Genetics Department, Moscow Regions Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Moscow, Russia (E.A., N.O.); Delta-Ultrasound Diagnostic Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Madrid, Spain (P.M.-T.); and Monash Ultrasound for Women, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (S.M.). - - 2014
To determine whether the biparietal diameter measurement is altered in first-trimester fetuses with holoprosencephaly. Cases of holoprosencephaly were collected retrospectively from 4 fetal medicine centers, and first-trimester biparietal diameter measurements were reviewed. The diagnosis of holoprosencephaly was established sonographically by the detection of abnormal choroid plexus morphologic characteristics (absent "butterfly" ...
Suzuki Hirotada H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
To describe a naturally conceived woman with ovary hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) accompanying molar pregnancy and review the literature on this condition. We report a 31-year-old 2 parous naturally conceived woman with OHSS accompanying partial molar pregnancy. Dilatation and evacuation (D&E) were performed at 10 weeks of gestation. The signs and symptoms ...
Giusti Guido G Urology Department, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Italy, - - 2014
To critically review and synthesize data of ureteroscopy (URS) in different circumstances that all urologists may encounter during everyday clinical practice, such as pregnancy, obesity, bleeding diathesis, renal stones larger than 2 cm, calyceal diverticula, and kidney malformations. According to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature review was performed to identify ...
Lina Ben Ar - - 2014
In a recent study by Mennitti et al., the authors concluded that oligofructose supplementation during pregnancy and lactation impairs offspring development.However, the data reported in this article have limitations and should be interpreted with caution. A conclusion with respect to offspring development does not seem justified.
Wessels Jm J Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of using pharmacological compounds on reproductive outcomes, particularly litter size, in North American swine. While the opportunity to improve reproduction in North American pigs exists, numerous hurdles need to be overcome in order to achieve measureable results. In the swine ...
Thomin Anne A Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Tenon, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine , 4 rue de la Chine, Paris, 75020 , France - - 2014
Introduction: Emergency contraception (EC) offers women an important strategy to prevent unintended pregnancy following intercourse. Despite the constant improvement of availability of different molecules and techniques already existing (Yuzpe regimen, levonorgestrel, intrauterine device) and the emergence of ulipristal acetate, the numbers of unintended pregnancies and unplanned births could still be ...
James K K Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, - - 2014
: The literature consistently suggests that there is an association between fetal sex and need for intervention in labour. Studies suggest that the percentage of singleton Caesarean sections in which parturients deliver a male baby is between 53% and 56%,(1,2) with one relatively small series reaching 59%.(3) This disparity is ...
Unterscheider J J Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, - - 2014
To review, compare and contrast recommendations from national, recently published clinical practice guidelines for pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). Clinical guidelines informing best practice management of FGR pregnancies issued by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the Royal ...
Kubota-Sjogren Y Y King's College London, London, - - 2014
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are chronic conditions commonly presenting in the reproductive years with up to 620000 people affected in the UK. Numerous specialist studies and reviews looking at IBD and fertility, IBD medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding, pregnancy outcome in IBD patients exist, but there is no summarising review ...
Koren Gideon G The Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, 555 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies have suggested that nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) may confer favorable pregnancy outcome, when compared to women not experiencing NVP. However, this was never examined systematically. We systematically reviewed all human studies examining potential effects of NVP on rates of miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, prematurity and ...
Chandraharan Edwin E Women's Services, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Fetal cardiotocography (CTG) is characterized by low specificity and therefore in an attempt to ensure fetal wellbeing fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) has been recommended by most obstetrical societies in case of a non-reassuring CTG. The scientific agreement on the evidence for using FBS to decrease the rate of operative ...
Jørgensen Jan Stener JS Odense University Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Clinical Research, Perinatal Research Unit, - - 2014
During the 1970s and 1980s, electronic fetal monitoring and fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) were introduced without robust evidence. With a methodical review of the published literature, and using one randomized controlled trial, seven controlled studies, nine randomized studies of various surveillance methods and data from the Danish National Birth ...
Cecchino Gustavo Nardini GN Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Carlos Weber, 956, Apto. 113 Visage, Alto da Lapa, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05303-000, - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal death in the first trimester of pregnancy. The dosage of beta fraction of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) and improvement of the transvaginal ultrasound allowed an earlier diagnosis and a conservative management. Currently, the use of systemic methotrexate (MTX) proved to be a great ...
Goodman Michael M Emory University School of Public Health, Atlanta, - - 2014
Atrazine (ATR) is a commonly used agricultural herbicide that has been the subject of epidemiologic studies assessing its relation to reproductive health problems. This review evaluates both the consistency and the quality of epidemiologic evidence testing the hypothesis that ATR exposure, at usually encountered levels, is a risk factor for ...
Reddy Uma M UM Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 4B03F, Bethesda, MD 20892-7510 USA. - - 2014
Given that practice variation exists in the frequency and performance of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development hosted a workshop to address indications for ultrasound and MRI in pregnancy, to discuss when and how often these ...
Quinones Joanne N JN Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
A 2009 Cochrane review found that amniotic fluid index use increases the rates of oligohydramnios and labor induction in singletons without improvement of perinatal outcomes when compared with the use of the deepest vertical pocket. We sought to determine the use of either amniotic fluid index or deepest vertical pocket ...
Reddy Uma M UM Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland; Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, - - 2014
Given that practice variation exists in the frequency and performance of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development hosted a workshop to address indications for ultrasound and MRI in pregnancy, to discuss when and how often these ...
MacGregor E Anne EA Barts Sexual Health Centre, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, EC1A 7BE, UK, - - 2014
Migraine in pregnancy can cause considerable concern to both patient and doctor, particularly if migraine starts for the first time during pregnancy or if the woman has her first attack with aura. There is often confusion regarding which medicines are safe to use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, leaving many women unable ...
O'Brien O A OA UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. However, the actuality of delivering effective lifestyle interventions in clinical practice is hampered by a high demand for resources. The use of technology to assist lifestyle interventions needs to be explored as a valid method of ...
Aromatario Mariarosaria M Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena, 336, 00161, Rome, - - 2014
In forensic medicine, gestational age of fetal remains is a crucial information in several contests, but the classic methods are inadequate when early gestational age needs to be assessed. In the author's experience, the measurement of the biparietal diameter provides more accurate information for this purpose. The status of the ...
Patel Shivani S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the incidence of histopathological features in placentas from women with cholestasis of pregnancy to healthy individuals without ICP. Methods: Placentas from mothers with and without cholestasis of pregnancy were reviewed by a pathologist masked to the study group. Subjects were excluded if they had medical problems already ...
Wiedaseck Susan - - 2014
Placenta previa, low-lying placenta, and placenta accreta are aberrations in the normal development of the placenta. Diagnosis in the prenatal period is essential because each of these pathologies can have a profound impact on the management of labor, birth, and the third stage. In recent years, there has been an ...
Weinert Letícia Schwerz LS Postgraduate Program in Endocrinology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
Research into the extra-skeletal functions of vitamin D has been expanding in recent years. During pregnancy, maternal vitamin D status may be of concern because of the key role of this vitamin in fetal skeletal development and due to the association between hypovitaminosis D and adverse maternal-fetal outcomes. Therefore, the ...
Mollo Antonio A Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Scienze Riproduttive ed Odontostomatologiche Federico II University of Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cesarean scar pregnancy is a specific ectopic pregnancy implanted in the scar tissue of a previous cesarean section. To date, no clear consensus exists regarding its management and treatment. Timely diagnosis of this condition is fundamental, owing to the high rate of life-threatening complications and massive hemorrhage. The use of ...
Farina Antonio A Department of Medicine and Surgery (DIMEC) Division of Prenatal Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Placental development is a major cause of a successful pregnancy and, in the presence of placental dysfunction, there is a higher risk of pregnancy complications. Doppler technology can be used for screening and detecting the more common pregnancy-associated diseases like preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation and perinatal loss. In this review ...
Abdo I I Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. - - 2014
The microcirculation, like all physiological systems undergoes modifications during the course of pregnancy. These changes aid the adaption to the new anatomical and physiological environment of pregnancy and ensure adequate oxygen supply to the fetus. Even though the microcirculation is believed to be involved in major pregnancy related pathologies, it ...
Fylstra Donald L - - 2014
With no single regimen recognized as the standard for the treatment of 1(st) trimester cervical pregnancy, this report offers a successful treatment option with suction curettage and balloon tamponade. This is a retrospective review, with institutional review board approval, of 13 consecutive first trimester cervical pregnancies, from 1995-2014, all treated ...
Tempe Anjali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2014
Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a rare congenital tumor and its association with IVF pregnancy is not clear. There are limited reports of congenital tumors in IVF pregnancy. The exact embryogenesis of SCT is not known but a genetic etiology has been reported. Whether these congenital tumors have any association with ...
Coe Christopher L CL Harlow Center for Biology Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Electronic address: - - 2014
The placenta is essential to mammalian pregnancy with many roles beyond just nutrient supply, including both endocrine and immune functions. During the course of evolution, the placenta of higher primates has acquired some unique features, including the capacity to secrete corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). In addition, a placental receptor for IgG ...
Viljoen Estelle - - 2014
Background and objectives: Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) occur commonly. Possible harmful side-effects of conventional medicine to the fetus create the need for alternative options to relieve NVP. This systematic review (SR) investigated current evidence regarding orally administered ginger for the treatment of NVP. The primary objective was to ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2014
Only a few years ago the American Society of Assisted Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) and the British Fertility Society declared preimplantation genetic screening (PGS#1) ineffective in improving in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy rates and in reducing miscarriage rates. A presumably upgraded form ...
O'Brien Christine M CM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B, Box 351631, Nashville, TN, 37235, - - 2014
The molecular changes that occur with cervical remodelling during pregnancy are not completely understood. This paper reviews Raman spectroscopy, an optical technique for detecting changes in the pregnant cervix, and reports preliminary studies on cervical remodelling in mice that suggest that the technique provides advantages over other methods. Conclusion. Raman ...
Halmo Martin - - 2014
Most psychotropic drugs are not approved for use during pregnancy. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) might be an effective and safe treatment option for several psychiatric disorders in pregnant women. This study assessed ECT for treating major psychoses during pregnancy, taking all possible adverse effects into account. We scrutinized all biomedical reviews ...
Moles Alexis A Department of Neurosurgery and - - 2014
Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy are rare, as only 27 cases have been reported in the literature since 1948. However, symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas can be responsible for spinal cord compression, in which case they constitute a medical emergency, which raises management difficulties in the context of pregnancy. Pregnancy is a ...
Iemura Asako A Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Abstract Foetal membranes bulging into the abdominal cavity is a unique initial manifestation of silent or complete uterine rupture during pregnancy. Since silent uterine rupture has potential risk for complete uterine rupture, which leads to acute life-threatening complications for both the mother and baby, it is difficult to determine whether ...
Akintomide Hannat H Consultant in Sexual and Reproductive Health, Contraception & Sexual Health (CASH) Clinic, Norwich, - - 2014
Widespread and increased availability of oral emergency contraception (EC) over the past 10 years has made little difference to rates of unintended pregnancy, abortion and repeat abortion amongst teenagers. The insertion of an intrauterine device for EC (EC-IUD) is 98-99% effective compared with 85% for oral methods and can be used ...
Bell David D Maricopa Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Phoenix, - - 2014
This case report details the emergency department course of a 34 year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding after reportedly falling one week earlier. She was subsequently found to have a drinking straw within her uterus next to an eight week-old live intrauterine pregnancy on ultrasound. This ...
Ozdemir Ozhan O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Exaggerated placental site (EPS) is defined as a non-neoplastic trophoblastic lesion, which intermediate trophoblasts infiltrate exaggeratedly into endometrium and myometrium. These lesions may occur following normal pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, abortus or molar pregnancy. Herein we share a case of EPS detected after evacuation due to molar pregnancy. We also review ...
Park Jimin J Department of Clinical Korean Medicine, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, , Seoul, - - 2014
Although there is a growing interest in the use of acupuncture during pregnancy, the safety of acupuncture is yet to be rigorously investigated. The objective of this review is to identify adverse events (AEs) associated with acupuncture treatment during pregnancy. We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ...
Wiesweg M M Department of Medical Oncology, West German Cancer Center, University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
We present the case of a 38-year-old woman diagnosed with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the biliary tract in the 18th week of pregnancy. Chemotherapy based on cisplatin and gemcitabine was administered, reaching disease stabilization until late-preterm delivery at 35 + 0 weeks of gestation. The infant was healthy and showed no malformations. Her ...
Martin A A Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
As the obesity pandemic continues in the United States, obesity in pregnancy has become an area of interest. Many studies focus on women with body mass index (BMI) 30 kg m(-2). Unfortunately, the prevalence of patients with BMI 50 kg m(-2) is rapidly increasing, and there are few studies specifically looking at pregnant women ...
Marchetti Daniela D Forensic Institute, Rome, - - 2014
ObjectiveThis study reviews the surgical pathology reports of post-partum hemorrhages to support clinicians in malpractice litigation and, potentially, to enhance pregnancy-related diagnoses.Study designThis work is a retrospective study of surgical pathology reports of term pregnancies between January 2000 and January 2012 selected from the Surgical Pathology database of the I.R.C.C.S ...
Bika O O Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS - - 2014
We present a series of two cases complicated by uterine rupture following termination of pregnancy (TOP) in the 1st and 2nd trimesters using misoprostol in women with caesarean section scar. Current literature and practise have also been reviewed on ruptured uterus in women with caesarean section scar undergoing TOP using ...
Massey E Wayne - - 2014
This article provides an overview of the most common peripheral neuropathic disorders in pregnancy with a focus on clinical recognition, diagnosis, and treatment. The literature on this topic consists primarily of case reports, case series, and retrospective reviews. Recent work, particularly in carpal tunnel syndrome, brachial neuritis, and inherited neuropathies ...
Feske Steven K - - 2014
This article discusses the physiologic changes of pregnancy and how they affect risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and then reviews epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in pregnancy and the puerperium. This article updates our understanding of the relationship of preeclampsia/eclampsia to the posterior reversible encephalopathy ...
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