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Winger Edward E - - 2011
Citation Winger EE, Reed JL. Low circulating CD4(+)  CD25(+)  Foxp3(+) T regulatory cell levels predict miscarriage risk in newly pregnant women with a history of failure. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  The purpose of this study was to determine whether quantification of peripheral blood Treg cell levels could be ...
Laporte-Broux B - - 2011
Morphometric, metabolic and behavioral modifications were studied in goat kids after maternal feed restriction during the last third of pregnancy. At birth, only kids from twin and triplet litters were studied (n = 40 kids born to control dams (CONT) and n = 38 born to restricted dams (REST)) and ...
Zhu Dandan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcome of fresh versus vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer (BT) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university affiliated hospital. PATIENT(S): Women aged less than 40 years undergoing BT cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Vitrification and warming of blastocyst with the Cryotop system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), implantation ...
Seo Won Seok - - 2011
Endometrial biopsies were performed during the luteal phase just before an IVF cycle in 104 infertile women, and immunohistochemical staining was performed to investigate expression patterns of hCG-LH receptor, leukemia-inhibitory factor, macrophage colony-stimulating factor, HOXA-10, vascular endothelial growth factor A, and their relation to subsequent IVF pregnancy. Only glandular expression ...
Lindehammer Sabina Resic - - 2011
It is generally believed that pregnancy is mediated by a Th2 response, which includes cytokines that promote placental growth and are involved in inducing tolerance to the foetus. If the balance between Th1/and Th2-mediated cytokines is disrupted, systemic and local changes could predispose the foetus to future disease. Therefore, a ...
Meeker John D - - 2011
Human exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) remains widespread. PCBs have been associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes including reduced fecundability and increased risk of pregnancy loss, although the human data remain largely inconclusive. Our goal was to explore the relationship between serum PCB concentrations and early pregnancy loss among a ...
Trujillo M L - - 2011
The purpose of this work was to study the central mechanisms involved in food intake regulation and leptin resistance during gestation in the rat. Sprague Dawley rats of 7, 13, and 18 d of pregnancy [days of gestation (G) 7, G13, and G18] were used and compared with nonpregnant animals ...
Al-Qudah Khaled M - - 2011
Negative energy balance during late pregnancy in ewes is an important cause of hyperketonemia. Ketone bodies can generate superoxide radicals and cause oxidative stress and cellular dysfunction, as noted in cows with subclinical ketosis or in diabetic people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of hyperketonemia ...
Lee Cheuk-Lun - - 2011
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common metabolic disorder of pregnancy. Patients with GDM are at risk for high fetal mortality and gestational complications associated with reduced immune tolerance and abnormal carbohydrate metabolism. Glycodelin-A (GdA) is an abundant decidual glycoprotein with glycosylation-dependent immunomodulatory activities. We hypothesized that aberrant carbohydrate metabolism ...
Mayor Alfredo - - 2011
Women are at higher risk of Plasmodium falciparum infection when pregnant. The decreasing risk of malaria with subsequent pregnancies is attributed to parity-dependent acquisition of antibodies against placental parasites expressing variant surface antigens, VAR2CSA, that mediate placental sequestration through adhesion to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA). However, modulation of immunity during ...
Goretti R G - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the effects of giving prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF) to donor mares 48 h prior to embryo collection. Non-lactating donor mares (n = 20 estrous cycles in 10 mares), ranging from 2.5 to 10 y of age and 400 to 500 kg of body weight were used ...
Wallace L D - - 2011
We hypothesized that administration of hCG to recipients at embryo transfer (ET) would induce accessory CL, increase serum progesterone concentrations, and reduce early embryonic loss (as measured by increased transfer pregnancy rates). At three locations, purebred and crossbred Angus, Simmental, and Hereford recipients (n = 719) were assigned alternately to ...
Bakircioglu Mustafa Emre - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for men with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): Men with nonmosaic KS (n = 106), and men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) and normal karyotypes (n = 379). ...
Karen A M - - 2011
The aim of this field study was to investigate the relationship of plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) with the pregnancy rate in lactating Awassi×Merino ewes. One hundred and eighty-five Awassi×Merino ewes were used in the present study. Ewes were fed a diet containing 17.4% crude protein and were milked twice a ...
Roellig Kathleen - - 2011
Superfetation is understood as another conception during an already ongoing pregnancy. This implies the existence of young of different developmental stages within the female reproductive tract during certain periods of pregnancy. Nevertheless, a clear definition of the term as well as distinct criteria to identify the occurrence of superfetation in ...
Molvarec Attila - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the proportion of galectin-1-expressing peripheral blood T and NK cells is altered in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia (PE). We also examined whether circulating levels of galectin-1 and anti-galectin-1 autoantibodies are affected in PE. Seventy preeclamptic patients, 75 healthy pregnant and 21 ...
Baig Saeeda - - 2011
A cross-sectional study on blood calcium levels of pregnant women of low socioeconomic status was designed to find out the consequences of low levels on the outcome of pregnancy. Blood samples from 52 women and their cord were collected at the time of delivery. Calcium was analyzed calorimetrically in maternal ...
Aljabri M B - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate the difference between physiological and pathological cardiac remodelling induced, respectively, by pregnancy and angiotensin (Ang) II, and to test the hypothesis that pregnancy protects against Ang II effects. Methods:  Female Wistar rats, pregnant (n = 12) and non-pregnant (n = 12), were implanted with mini-pumps containing saline (sham) or 150 ng kg(-1)  min(-1) ...
O'Brien Sarah H - - 2011
Access to effective family planning is of great importance for women with sickle cell disease (SCD) due to the increased frequency of pregnancy complications. However, little is known regarding use of hormonal contraception, complications of contraception, and pregnancy in young women with SCD. We abstracted diagnostic codes, procedure codes and ...
Bas S - - 2011
An adequate and clean artificial insemination (AI) technique is recommended to improve reproductive outcomes in dairy cattle. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using protective plastic sheaths (PS) to minimize contamination of the AI catheter (AIC) on pregnancies per AI (PAI) in lactating dairy cattle. ...
Ahmed Asif - - 2011
The incidence of preeclampsia is reduced by a third in smokers, but not in snuff users. Soluble Flt-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) are increased prior to the clinical onset of preeclampsia. Animals exposed to high circulating levels of sFlt-1 and sEng elicit severe preeclampsia-like symptoms. Smokers have reduced circulating ...
Hine B C - - 2011
Selection for production traits with little or no emphasis on health traits has led to an increase in the incidence of disease in Canadian dairy herds. We describe here a patented protocol for estimating the breeding value for immune responsiveness in heifers that combines measures of both cell-mediated (CM) and ...
Jones Claire - - 2011
Background: Although the first pregnancy obtained by IVF was in a natural cycle, this method was soon abandoned in favour of gonadotropin-stimulated protocols to improve pregnancy rates. In women who are poor responders to ovarian stimulation, the use of a natural cycle may provide a good alternative for achieving a ...
Schonkeren Dorrith - - 2011
Maternal immune tolerance of the semiallogeneic fetus is a complex phenomenon. Macrophages are an abundant cell population in the human decidua, and changes in distribution or phenotype may be involved in the development of preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and phenotype of macrophages in ...
Kobayashi Ken - - 2011
The amniotic epithelium is in direct contact with the amniotic fluid and restricts fluid flux via the paracellular pathway by means of tight junctions (TJs). Several factors affect TJs to modulate the paracellular flux. Progesterone contributes to the antenatal formation and disappearance of TJs in uterine and mammary epithelial tissues. ...
Rodriguez-Cruz Maricela - - 2011
Metabolic adaptations are triggered in the maternal organism to synthesize milk with an adequate concentration of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) required to the newborn. They may be a high uptake of dietary linoleic acid and its conversion to LC-PUFAs by desaturases of fatty acids (FADS) 1 and 2 in ...
Barakonyi Aliz - - 2011
Citation Barakonyi A, Weisdorn R, Miko E, Varga P, Bodis J, Szekeres-Bartho J, Szereday L. Expression profiles of peripheral CD160(+) lymphocytes during the course of healthy human pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  CD160 receptor is expressed by natural killer (NK) and T-cell subsets, and after activation, it could ...
Giomisi Athina - - 2011
Objective. Pregnancy represents a state of insulin resistance. Vaspin is a novel insulin-sensitizing adipokine that might be implicated in endogenous glucose regulation. However, its role in pregnancy and its circulating levels have not been adequately studied. We aimed to evaluate serum vaspin levels in pregnancy and their correlation with known ...
Alijotas-Reig Jaume - - 2011
Citation Alijotas-Reig J, Palacio-Garcia C, Farran-Codina I, Zarzoso C, Cabero-Roura L, Vilardell-Tarres M. Circulating cell-derived microparticles in women with pregnancy loss. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  To analyze cell-derived microparticles (cMP) in pregnancy loss (PL), both recurrent miscarriages (RM) and unexplained fetal loss (UFL). Method of study  Non-matched case-control ...
Mallory D A - - 2011
Two experiments were conducted to compare pregnancy rates resulting from fixed-time AI (FTAI) after administration of 1 of 2 long-term controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-based protocols. Heifers were assigned to treatment by age, BW, and pubertal status. The CIDR Select-treated heifers (Experiment 1, n = 37; Experiment 2, n = ...
Wang Chao-Nin - - 2011
In the complex mechanism of preeclampsia, oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor, and F2-isoprostane is a marker of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. The objective of this study was to identify if the amniotic fluid (AF) levels of F2-isoprostane were elevated in the women who later developed preeclampsia. In ...
Musha Yuka - - 2011
Our previous study showed that a maternal low-protein diet induced hypertension and vascular dysfunction in rat offspring after day 175. In the present study, we hypothesized that these female offspring would develop hypertension in their own pregnancies even at ages less than 175 days because potential vascular dysfunction is exacerbated ...
Matar Kamal M - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with various physiological changes that may lead to significant alterations in the pharmacokinetic profiles of many drugs. The present study was designed to investigate the potential effects of pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics of topiramate (TPM) in the rabbit model. Nineteen female New Zealand white rabbits (nine pregnant ...
Llop Sabrina - - 2011
Numerous studies have focused on the effects of exposure to air pollution on health; however, certain subsets of the population tend to be more exposed to such pollutants depending on their social or demographic characteristics. In addition, exposure to toxicants during pregnancy may play a deleterious role in fetal development ...
Weyer Kathrin - - 2011
The gene PRG2, encoding the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP), is one of the most highly expressed genes during human pregnancy, and low proMBP levels predict Down syndrome and poor pregnancy outcome. Reminiscent of a magnet, the primary structure of proMBP is extremely charge polarized, consisting of an ...
Bahna S L - - 2011
Studies on serum IgE levels during pregnancy are limited. To investigate the course of serum total IgE levels during pregnancy and postpartum. 159 pregnant subjects provided 218 serum samples during various stages of pregnancy and the postpartum period. Serum total IgE geometric means were compared at various trimesters and postpartum. ...
Kokozidou M - - 2011
AIMS: Trophoblast fusion in the placenta is prerequisite to successful pregnancy and the pathological conditions related to it. The presence of syncytin-1, is not sufficient to explain the complete event and ADAM12 is a major co-player candidate. Via differential splicing, the ADAM12 gene produces a short and a long form, ...
Gall Stanley A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: We sought to determine whether tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis vaccination (Tdap) in pregnancy provides newborns antibodies against pertussis when compared to mothers who did not receive Tdap. STUDY DESIGN:: Paired maternal and umbilical cord blood samples were collected at the time of delivery and the serum stored at -86°C. For each paired ...
Dorniak Piotr - - 2011
In ruminants, both the endometrium and conceptus (embryo and associated extraembryonic membranes) trophectoderm synthesize and secrete prostaglandins (PG) during early pregnancy. In mice and humans, prostaglandins regulate endometrial function and conceptus implantation. In study one, bred ewes received intrauterine infusions of vehicle as a control (CX) or meloxicam (MEL), a ...
Lew Betina J - - 2011
Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), an environment-sensing transcription factor, causes profound impairment of mammary gland differentiation during pregnancy. Defects include decreased ductal branching, poorly formed alveolar structures, suppressed expression of milk proteins, and failure to nutritionally support offspring. AHR is activated by numerous environmental toxins, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin ...
Hirai Kyuya - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine whether changes in response to activated protein C (APC) can be a diagnostic marker of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperium. Methods: The normalized APC sensitivity ratio (sr) was examined in arbitrarily selected healthy Japanese pregnant females and compared with ...
Arathi H S - - 2011
In this study, I analyzed time-course of embryo abortion, positional bias in seed maturation and maternal costs of seed packaging in Cercis canadensis. While basal embryos experience similar rates of abortion as those in other positions during the first week of development, abortion rates peak during the second week. Head ...
Wilsher S - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: An opportunity to monitor equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) production during 61 pregnancies in 25 Thoroughbred mares mated to the same Thoroughbred stallion was utilised in order to further knowledge regarding factors involved in the production of this hormone. Objectives: To examine the effects of maternal body ...
Schreuder Y J - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Lipid disturbances during pregnancy may lead to early onset of metabolic diseases in the offspring. However, there is little knowledge on ethnic differences in lipid levels during pregnancy. We evaluated ethnic differences in non-fasting total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels during early gestation and the role of demographics, behavioural ...
Watson Christine J - - 2011
Mammary gland development occurs in three distinct stages during the lifetime of the female mammal: in embryonic, pubertal and reproductive life. At each of these developmental stages, different signalling molecules induce changes in both the epithelium and the surrounding stroma. However, it is during pregnancy that the most dramatic changes ...
Wang Bo - - 2011
Citation Wang B, Koga K, Osuga Y, Hirata T, Saito A, Yoshino O, Hirota Y, Harada M, Takemura Y, Fujii T, Taketani Y. High mobility group Box 1 (HMGB1) levels in the placenta and in serum in preeclampsia. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011. Problem Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder characterized ...
Klein C - - 2011
Establishment of pregnancy is critically dependent upon a precisely orchestrated embryo-maternal interaction leading to a receptive uterine environment. The up-regulation of the interferon-stimulated protein 15 kDa (ISG15) during pregnancy has been described in various species and has been hypothesized to be part of the molecular repertoire that makes the uterus receptive ...
Krakowski L - - 2011
The study involved 46 healthy purebred Arabian mares exhibiting regular oestrous cycles that underwent artificial insemination (AI). Pregnancy was detected ultrasonographically (US) in 40 mares. In 15 mares in foal, early embryonic death (EED) was observed during the pregnancy days 14-21. Blood for determinations of serum acute phase proteins (SAA ...
Naseer Z - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare oestrus expression and fertility rate in used and new controlled internal drug releasing (CIDR) device treated anoestrous buffaloes. Furthermore, to determine the timing of ovulation, and fertility rate in estradiol benzoate (EB) and GnRH-administered CIDR-treated anoestrous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In experiment 1, buffaloes ...
Kawamura Kazuhiro - - 2011
Although medical treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy using methotrexate has been established, development of more potent and safer medical treatment is needed due to limited indications and side effects of methotrexate. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signals through its receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) to regulate the growth of malignant trophoblastic, ...
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