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Results 201 - 250 of 1191
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Andresen C - - 2012
The fetal face is an essential source of information. Its evaluation makes it possible to diagnose several fetal diseases and syndromes. Three-dimensional ultrasound and four-dimensional ultrasound facilitate the evaluation of superficial anatomical facial structures and have become essential complementary tools to two-dimensional ultrasound, providing additional and more precise information about ...
Bernie Aaron M - - 2012
Vasectomy is the most common urological procedure in the United States with 18% of men having a vasectomy before age 45. A significant proportion of vasectomized men ultimately request vasectomy reversal, usually due to divorce and/or remarriage. Vasectomy reversal is a commonly practiced but technically demanding microsurgical procedure that restores ...
Kumar Pratap - - 2012
The endocrinology of human pregnancy involves endocrine and metabolic changes that result from physiological alterations at the boundary between mother and fetus. Progesterone and oestrogen have a great role along with other hormones. The controversies of use of progestogen and others are discussed in this chapter. Progesterone has been shown ...
Ficarra Vincenzo - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Considering the persistent controversy concerning the impact of varicocele repair on fertility, we decided to perform an update of the review of the literature with the aim to evaluate whether the most recent research in this field gives us more evidence about the indications to treat or ...
Chan Calvin H Y - - 2012
The physiological changes of pregnancy increase the risk of gallstone formation, and choledocholithiaisis is the most common indication for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) during pregnancy. ERCP has been performed during pregnancy for over 20 years. Despite the apparent efficacy and lack of adverse fetal outcomes in published case series and reports, ...
Yeşіlyurt Murat - - 2012
Tularemia during pregnancy is exceedingly rare and has been reported infrequently in Europe. A review of the literature identified only 3 documented cases. Herein we report 4 tularemia cases occurring early in the second and third trimesters, which were successfully managed without any adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Masoodi Zulqarnain - - 2012
Burns occurring in conjunction with pregnancy can be a potentially life threatening scenario as it may lead to a rapid depletion of the already diminished maternal reserves. The management protocol in a pregnant burn female has to be tailored, taking into consideration the additional factor of fetal well being and ...
Whiteman Maura K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine device (IUD) insertion during menses may be viewed as preferable by some providers, as it provides reassurance that the woman is not pregnant. However, this practice may result in unnecessary inconvenience and cost to women. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence for the ...
Couture Nathalie - - 2012
Objective To report a rare case of apoplexy in a microprolactinoma during pregnancy.Methods We present the clinical presentation, laboratory, radiologic findings and management in a patient that presented with pituitary apoplexy during early pregnancy. We review the pertinent literature and management options.Results A 37-year-old woman with a history of a ...
Tseng J-Y - - 2012
TSENG J-Y., BASTU E. & GUNGOR-UGURLUCAN F. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care Management of precancerous lesions prior to conception and during pregnancy: a narrative review of the literature Special considerations aiming at preserving reproductive function have to be implemented when treating young patients with precancerous lesions of the lower ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The article below summarizes a roundtable discussion of a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Margulis AV, Mitchell AA, Gilboa SM, et al; National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Use of topiramate in pregnancy ...
Macones George A - - 2012
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Margulis AV, Mitchell AA, Gilboa SM, et al; National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Use of topiramate in pregnancy and ...
Ugurlucan Funda Gungor - - 2012
Cesarean scar pregnancy is one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancy, located in the scar from a previous cesarean section. There are few reports of such pregnancies, and there is no consensus about the best management. Herein is reported a case of cesarean heterotopic pregnancy, diagnosed at 6 weeks' gestation ...
Dunn Sheila - - 2012
Objective: To review current knowledge about emergency contraception (EC), including available options, their modes of action, efficacy, safety, and the effective provision of EC within a practice setting. Options: The combined estradiol-levonorgestrel (Yuzpe regimen) and the levonorgestrel-only regimen, as well as post-coital use of copper intrauterine devices, are reviewed. Outcomes: ...
Carvalho Luiz Fernando Pina - - 2012
Endometriosis, a highly prevalent gynecological disease, can lead to infertility in moderate to severe cases. Whether minimal stages are associated with infertility is still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to present studies regarding the association between pregnancy rates and the presence of early stages of endometriosis. Studies ...
Parhar Kuljit S KS Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2012
Liver transplantation is considered to be the treatment of choice for end-stage liver disease and its success has led to an increase in the number of female liver transplant recipients who are of childbearing age. Several key issues that are noted when counselling patients who are considering pregnancy following liver ...
Nanovskaya Tatiana T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, - - 2012
We sought to determine the bidirectional transfer and distribution of vancomycin and telavancin across the dually perfused term human placental lobule. The technique of dually perfused placental lobule was used in its recirculating mode to determine the maternal to fetal (M→F) (n = 20) and fetal to maternal (n = ...
Macones George A - - 2012
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Burris HH, Rifas-Shiman SL, Kleinman K, et al. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy and gestational diabetes. Am J Obstet ...
Macones George A - - 2012
The article below summarizes a roundtable discussion of a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Burris HH, Rifas-Shiman SL, Kleinman K, et al. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy and gestational diabetes. Am J ...
Engdayehu Dessie - - 2012
Heterotopic gestation, although fairly common with assisted reproductive techniques, is very rare in natural conception. Here we are reporting a case of heterotopic pregnancy in a 27-year-old woman who presented with sign and symptoms of acute abdomen from aborting tubal pregnancy with intrauterine gestation at 7 weeks of amenorrhea.
Shrestha A - - 2012
Ovarian pregnancy is an uncommon presentation of ectopic gestation and usually, it ends with rupture before the end of the first trimester. Its presentation often is difficult to distinguish from that of tubal ectopic pregnancy and hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. We report a rare primary ruptured ovarian pregnancy in a 26 ...
Debrah Samuel A SA Department of Surgery, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, - - 2013
Symptomatic epigastric hernia is rare in pregnant women. A case history, management of which prompted a systematic review of the literature and proposed plan for treatment of such cases, is hereby presented. There is paucity of information on management of this condition in the standard literature as searches in Pubmed, ...
Tal Reshef - - 2012
Preeclampsia affects 5%-8% of pregnancies and is the leading worldwide cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Preeclampsia is associated with shallow trophoblast invasion and inadequate spiral artery remodeling, which are widely believed to lead to placental hypoxia, the putative culprit initiating the cascade of events that ultimately results ...
Espinoza Jimmy - - 2012
Introduction: The current definition of preeclampsia is based on convention and not on maternal and/or perinatal outcomes. This article reviews some of the limitations of the conventional definition of preeclampsia and recent evidence suggesting that there is a dose-response relationship between the magnitude of uteroplacental ischemia and the timing of ...
Einarsdottir Helga K - - 2012
Human immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules are composed of two Fab portions and one Fc portion. The glycans attached to the Fc portions of IgG are known to modulate its biological activity as they influence interaction with both complement and various cellular Fc receptors. IgG glycosylation changes significantly with pregnancy, showing ...
Bhuiyan Manzerul - - 2012
Phosphoglycoprotein (P-gp) is highly expressed in the placental syncytiotrophoblast and prevents xenobiotics from entering the fetus. In tumor cells, P-gp-mediated substrate efflux is inhibited by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). However, nothing is known regarding the effects of SSRIs on P-gp function in the placenta or fetal tissues. We hypothesized ...
Jukic A Marie Z - - 2012
Correlates of prenatal physical activity can inform interventions, but are not well-understood. Participants in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition 3 Study were recruited before 20 weeks gestation. Women self-reported frequency, duration, and mode of moderate and vigorous physical activities. We used logistic regression to identify correlates of any physical activity ...
Basic Ejub - - 2012
Cesarean section (Sectio Caesarea) is a surgical method for the completion of delivery. After various historical modifications of operative techniques, modern approach consists in the transverse dissection of the anterior wall of the uterus. The rate of vaginal birth after cesarean section was significantly reduced from year to year, and ...
Eleftheriou G - - 2012
Clomiphene is widely used for inducing ovulation. Evidence for congenital abnormalities, in particular central nervous system defects (CNS-D) and in babies born from clomiphene-induced pregnancies is conflicting. The authors report a case of holoprosencephalia (HPE) in a fetus delivered from a mother receiving clomiphene.
Negrato Carlos Antonio - - 2012
Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is an important tool to treat diabetes during pregnancy. However, proper implementation of SMBG in pregnant women requires understanding of its applications and limitations. This article reviews issues related to the implementation, efficacy, and accuracy of SMBG and discusses factors that can confound results of ...
Shao Ruijin - - 2012
17β-estradiol, acting through estrogen receptors α and β, plays a fundamental role in the regulation of Fallopian tube cell homeostasis and in the modulation of normal tubal physiological processes. Fluctuations in E2 levels also play crucial roles in the initiation or progression of numerous human diseases. Fallopian tube malfunction often ...
van Eijk Anna M - - 2012
The Malaria in Pregnancy (MiP) Library is a bibliographic database that was created by the MiP Consortium in 2005 and is updated every four months using a standardized search protocol. A bibliometric review was conducted of the contents of the Library to determine dynamics in the type, content and volume ...
Yaman Cemil C Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital of Linz, Akh-Linz, - - 2012
Different ultrasound parameters have been used to assess endometrial receptivity during ART treatment, including endometrial thickness, endometrial pattern, endometrial volume, Doppler of uterine arteries and endometrial blood flow. However, conflicting results have been reported with regard to their role in the prediction of pregnancy in ART treatment. The 3D ultrasound ...
Wells D N - - 2011
The effects of activation method and timing between fusion and activation in goat somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) were investigated. In vivo-ovulated oocytes were surgically flushed from donors 54 to 62h after CIDR withdrawal in the breeding season and enucleated after brief ultraviolet exposure. Transfected fibroblasts and epithelial cells from ...
Makloski C - - 2011
The aim of this study was 2-fold: (1) To determine if altrenogest-treated mares will yield higher numbers of quality in vitro-matured (IVM) oocytes than early pregnant mares and cycling/control mares and (2) if the addition of human follicular fluid (HFF) to IVM medium can support IVM and viable pregnancies from ...
Tomasovic Sanja - - 2011
Children cerebral palsy (CCP) encompasses a group of nonprogessive and noninfectious conditions, which cause light, moderate, and severe deviations in neurological development. Diagnosis of CCP is set mostly by the age of 3 years. The fact that a large number of cerebral damage occurs prenatally and the fact that early ...
Solomonia Nino - - 2012
Nearly all pregnancies include an insignificant hemorrhage of fetal blood into the maternal circulation. In some cases, the hemorrhage is large enough to compromise the fetus, resulting in fetal demise, stillbirth, or delivery of a severely anemic infant. Unfortunately, the symptoms of a significant fetal-maternal hemorrhage can be subtle, nonspecific, ...
Guerra Gláucia Virgínia - - 2011
To assess the frequency of elective induction of labour and its determinants in selected Latin America countries; quantify success in attaining vaginal delivery, and compare rates of caesarean and adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes after elective induction versus spontaneous labour in low-risk pregnancies. Of 37,444 deliveries in women with low-risk ...
Nishizaka Aug - - 2011
Through an analysis of videotaped interactions between healthcare professionals and pregnant women during ultrasound prenatal examinations in Japan, I explore some aspects of sequence organization in which an ultrasound real-time fetus is organized. The ultrasound demonstration of the fetal condition is an intrinsically interactional and distributed achievement. The ultrasound fetus ...
Sinha Anjita - - 2011
Interest in rising caesarean section (CS) rates focuses on the putative relative effects on maternal health and perinatal mortality, especially in 'non-medical', 'request' or 'repeat' planned prelabour CS (PLCS). Shortening pregnancy and avoiding labour affect fetal maturity. Babies who do not experience labour have significantly increased respiratory and other morbidities ...
Aversa Salvatore - - 2011
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a critical role in the pathogenesis of various diseases during pregnancy and the perinatal period. Newborns are more prone to oxidative stress than individuals later in life. During pregnancy, increased oxygen demand augments the rate of production of ROS and women, even during normal pregnancies, ...
Boeldt D S - - 2011
In pregnancy, vascular nitric oxide (NO) production is increased in the systemic and more so in the uterine vasculature, thereby supporting maximal perfusion of the uterus. This high level of functionality is matched in the umbilical vein, and in corresponding disease states such as pre-eclampsia, reduced vascular responses are seen ...
Macdonald Linsay J - - 2011
Lipoxin A(4) is a lipid mediator that elicits anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution actions via its receptor, formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2/ALX). In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and potential role of lipoxin A(4) and FPR2/ALX in the regulation of inflammation associated with cyclical remodeling of the human endometrium ...
Yamamoto Y - - 2011
To determine if elephant placenta secretes a lactogenic hormone which may function as the principal luteotrophin to maintain ovarian luteal function throughout gestation. To label biopsies of endometrium and placenta recovered from African elephant culled professionally throughout gestation with an anti-human prolactin polyclonal antibody in a conventional immunocytochemical staining technique. ...
Echternkamp S E - - 2011
Application of AI in extensive beef cattle production would be facilitated by protocols that effectively synchronize ovarian follicular development and ovulation to enable fixed-time AI (TAI). Objectives were to determine whether use of a controlled internal drug-release (CIDR) device to administer progesterone in a GnRH-based estrous synchronization protocol would optimize ...
de Oliveira Baraldi Cláudia - - 2011
The use of metformin throughout gestation by pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) significantly reduces the number of first trimester spontaneous abortions and the rate of occurrence of gestational diabetes. The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics and the placental transfer of metformin in pregnant women ...
Haliloglu Berna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between 25(OH) vitamin D3 levels and maternal bone turnover during pregnancy and lactation. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty pregnant women and 30 healthy non-pregnant controls were included the study. The pregnant women were examined in the 12th, 25th and 32nd gestational weeks and 6 weeks after delivery. ...
Funston R N - - 2011
Two hundred ninety-nine Angus-based, nulliparous heifers (253 ± 2 kg initial BW) from 3 production years were utilized to compare traditional postweaning dry lot (DL) development with a more extensive winter grazing system utilizing a combination of corn residue and winter range (EXT). Heifers developed in the DL were offered ...
Friedman E - - 2011
Reduced conception rate during the hot summer and subsequent autumn is a well-documented phenomenon. Evaporative cooling systems greatly increase milk production but only slightly improve reproductive performance; hence, additional approaches to improving fertility during the hot season are required. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the ...
Norman Jane E JE Centre for Reproductive Biology, Queen's Medical Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the effects of progesterone on gene expression and function of both myometrium and circulating leukocytes. We recruited women participating in a randomized clinical trial of progesterone to prevent preterm delivery. These participants had a twin pregnancy and were managed in 1 of 2 tertiary referral centers. ...
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