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Naljayan Mihran V MV Renal, Molecular, and Vascular Medicine Divisions, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Preeclampsia affects 3% to 5% of all pregnancies and is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. This disorder is characterized by a constellation of signs and symptoms, most notably new-onset hypertension and proteinuria during the last trimester of pregnancy. In this review, the molecular mechanisms ...
Elzanaty Saad - - 2013
Ten to fifteen percent of infertile men are azoospermic, and sixty percent of these men have been classified as having non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). NOA results from testicular failure, and one of the causes of this is the presence of varicocele. Varicocele is observed in 5-10 % of men with NOA. This ...
Bolea-Alamanac B M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the scientific evidence about the risks of using methylphenidate for ADHD in pregnancy and lactation, to present a case in which interruption of treatment after delivery and during breastfeeding was harmful and to discuss the implications of treating or not ADHD in pregnancy and lactation. METHOD: For ...
Mitchell Connie - - 2013
After several decades of declining rates, maternal mortality climbed in California from a three-year moving average of 9.4 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1999-2001 to a high of 14.0 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2006-2008 (p < 0.001). The Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division of the California Department of ...
Ohira Satoshi - - 2013
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is characterized by multiple hypoechoic vesicles which are similar to molar changes in the placenta; however, the process of such morphological changes of PMD during pregnancy has not been fully understood. We performed a review of all PMD cases published in English and identified 49 articles ...
Garcia-Posada R R Maternal-Fetal Department, Institute of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology, IDIBAPS Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona Medical School, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2013
To construct reference ranges for cisterna magna (CM) width at 11-13 weeks' gestation in healthy fetuses and determine whether open spina bifida and posterior fossa anomalies could be diagnosed in the first trimester. This was a retrospective study. CM width reference ranges were constructed based on the measurements obtained from ...
Grant Aaron D - - 2013
A variety of changes in the eye can occur during pregnancy. These can be physiological, pathologic related to the pregnancy, or pathologic unrelated to the pregnancy. Pregnancy also can affect preexisting conditions. Pregnant women often discuss changes in their health first with their obstetrician; therefore, knowledge of common ophthalmic complaints ...
Moaveni Daria M - - 2013
Suboptimal communication between anesthesiologists and obstetricians can be associated with unintended poor maternal and neonatal outcomes, especially for emergency cesarean deliveries. Obstetricians use the results of antepartum and intrapartum fetal assessments to assess fetal well-being and to make decisions about the timing and method of delivery. Because abnormal results may ...
Vrecenak Jesse D - - 2013
Building upon over 30 years of experimental and clinical development, fetal surgery can be argued to be a standard of care for selected indications, though application of these techniques remains limited to a small number of highly selected fetuses, and availability to a small number of highly specialized centers. Despite its ...
Arrish Jamila - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This review explored the extent to which the role of midwives in nutrition education during pregnancy has been reported in the literature and areas requiring further research were identified. REVIEW METHOD: A review of the literature was undertaken. Articles included in the review were published in English, in scholarly ...
Baldwin Maureen K - - 2013
Repeat pregnancy within 2 years of a previous birth or abortion occurs in approximately 35% of recently pregnant female adolescents. The majority of these pregnancies are classified as unintended with about half ending in births and the remainder in abortions. Rapid repeat pregnancy (RRP) is associated with increased maternal and ...
Coleman S S Gerald D - - 2013
In Roman Catholic Moral Theology, a direct abortion is never permitted. An indirect abortion, in which a life threatening pathology is treated, and the treatment inadvertently leads to the death of the fetus, may be permissible in proportionately grave situations. In situations in which a mother's life is endangered by ...
Koren Gideon - - 2013
As many as 15% of women experience hypertension during pregnancy. Large proportions of them are receiving antihypertensive medications. This review investigated whether hypertension itself, or the antihypertensive medications, adversely affect long term child neurocognitive development. The existing evidence suggests that methyldopa and labetalol probably do not adversely affect neurobehavioral development. ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the most appropriate surgical technique for optimizing hemostasis and preservation of subsequent fertility after postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): Review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Comparison of the effectiveness of conservative ...
Egan Robert A - - 2013
Editors' Note: Dr. Egan inquires about the possibility of Tournay phenomenon in Kawasaki and Mayer's "Tadpole pupil." Dr. Charles, in reference to "Disease-modifying drugs for multiple sclerosis in pregnancy: A systematic review," suggests that it might be appropriate to continue glatiramer acetate in women trying to conceive given the lack ...
Stadelmann Pascale - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO), primarily preterm birth (PTB), is still controversially discussed in the literature. Therefore, the aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the existing literature on the potential association between inflammatory mediators detected in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and ...
Elliott John P - - 2013
Beta2-adrenergic agonist medications such as albuterol and terbutaline are often prescribed during pregnancy to treat conditions such as asthma, pulmonary disease, preterm labor, or acute non-reassuring fetal heart rate abnormalities during labor. Recently a review article questioned the safety of beta2-adrenergic agonist use in pregnancy, postulating a "biologically plausible" link ...
Yount Susan M - - 2013
Prostaglandin medications are frequently used in the process of induction of labor. Understanding the history and research that supports prostaglandin use for induction of labor is crucial for safe practice. Dinoprostone has been the standard of care for cervical ripening in term pregnancies. Misoprostol administration via various routes has been ...
- - 2013
The Editors and Publisher would like to inform the readers the following article has been retracted from publication in The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine: Ortendahl M, Näsman P. Quitting smoking is perceived to have an effect on somatic health among pregnant and non-pregnant women. J Matern Fetal Neonatal ...
Moradi Maryam - - 2013
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in pregnancy as a common cause of maternal death has been a challenge for both clinicians and radiologists. Choosing the appropriate modality in each case has been under question and there are also related imaging pitfalls and hesitancy about radiation exposure and using contrast media for a ...
Lim Ji Hyae JH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Since the existence of cell-free fetal DNA (cff-DNA) in maternal circulation was discovered, it has been identified as a promising source of fetal genetic material in the development of reliable methods for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of fetal trisomy 21 (T21). Currently, a prenatal diagnosis of fetal T21 is achieved ...
Wesnes Stian Langeland - - 2013
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in association with pregnancy. Incident UI in pregnancy or postpartum are significant risk factors for UI later in life. Epidemiological studies on UI during pregnancy and postpartum list numerous variables associated with UI. For women, the main focus is on pelvic floor muscle ...
Macones George A - - 2013
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Orbach H, Matok I, Gorodischer R, et al. Hypertension and antihypertensive drugs in pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Am J ...
Bogaerts Annick - - 2013
BACKGROUND: the incidence of obesity increases in all developed countries to frightful percentages, also in women of reproductive age. Maternal obesity is associated with important obstetrical complications; and this group also exhibits a higher incidence of prolonged pregnancies and labours. OBJECTIVE: to review the literature on the pathophysiology of onset ...
Koyama Atsuko A Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Emergency post-coital contraception (EC) is an effective method of preventing pregnancy when used appropriately. EC has been available since the 1970s, and its availability and use have become widespread. Options for EC are broad and include the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and emergency contraceptive pills such as levonorgestrel, ulipristal acetate, ...
Legendre Claire-Marie - - 2013
Although selective termination of pregnancy and fetal reduction in multiple pregnancy both involve the termination in utero of the development of live fetuses, these two procedures are different in several aspects. Nevertheless, several authors tend to amalgamate and confuse their psychosocial consequences and the ethical issues they raise. Therefore, this ...
O'Neill Sm - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section rates are increasing worldwide, and the long-term effects are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancy in women with a previous caesarean section, compared with vaginal delivery. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic review of the literature using CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PubMed, SCOPUS and ...
Palma-Reis Ines - - 2013
Because women are becoming pregnant at a later age, hypertension is more commonly encountered in pregnancy. In addition, with increasing numbers of young women living with renal transplants and kidney disease, it is important for physicians to be aware of the effects of pregnancy on these diseases. A multidisciplinary approach ...
Byrn Mary A - - 2013
Depression and gestational diabetes are common and serious problems during pregnancy. While information exists regarding maternal and fetal outcomes in women who have either depression or gestational diabetes, there is a paucity of data regarding outcomes in women who have both. This article reviews and summarizes studies examining depression during ...
Zerfu Taddese Alemu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Every year more than 20 million infants are born with low birth weight worldwide. About 3.6 million infants die during the neonatal period. More than one third of child deaths are thought to be attributable to maternal and child under nutritionObjectives: To systematically review the effect of supplementing ...
Kirk Emma - - 2013
An intramural ectopic is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy in which the gestational sac is implanted within the myometrium, separate from the endometrial cavity and Fallopian tubes. There are only 53 cases in the published literature. We report a case of intramural ectopic pregnancy treated surgically and review the ...
Vitale Salvatore Giovanni - - 2013
The incidence of uterine myomas in pregnancy is estimated from 0.1 to 3.9 %. Although a lot of women with uterine fibroids bring the pregnancy without adverse events, data provided in the literature suggest that uterine fibromyomas are associated with several complications. The most important clinic question concerns the impact of ...
Soma H - - 2013
This review covers four topics. 1) Placental pathology in Himalayan mountain people. To determine morphological changes of the placenta at high altitude, pathological examination was made of 1000 Himalayan placentas obtained in Nepal and Tibet and the results compared with Japanese placentas delivered at sea level. Characteristic findings in the ...
Piccoli Gb - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Kidney diseases, which have a prevalence of 3% in women of childbearing age, are increasingly encountered in pregnancy. Glomerulonephritis may develop or flare up in pregnancy, and a differential diagnosis with pre-eclampsia may be impossible on clinical grounds. Use of kidney biopsy is controversial, but a systematic review has ...
Brown S A - - 2013
Context. Envenomations during pregnancy pose all the problems of envenomation in the nonpregnant state with additional complexity related to maternal physiologic changes, medication use during pregnancy, and the well-being of the fetus. Objective. We review the obstetric literature and management options available to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality while limiting ...
Palei Ana C T - - 2013
Preeclampsia is an important syndrome complicating pregnancy. While the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is not entirely known, poor placental perfusion leading to widespread maternal endothelial dysfunction is accepted as a major mechanism. It has been suggested that altered placental expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may cause shallow cytotrophoblastic invasion and incomplete ...
Baker Karen - - 2013
Obstructive azoospermia is a common cause of male infertility and can result from infection, congenital anomalies, or iatrogenic injury. Microsurgical vasal reconstruction is a suitable treatment for many cases of obstructive azoospermia, although some couples will require sperm retrieval paired with in-vitro fertilization. The various causes of obstructive azoospermia and ...
Dunn Sheila - - 2013
To review current knowledge about emergency contraception (EC), including available options, their modes of action, efficacy, safety, and the effective provision of EC within a practice setting. The combined estradiol-levonorgestrel (Yuzpe regimen) and the levonorgestrel-only regimen, as well as post-coital use of copper intrauterine devices, are reviewed. Efficacy in terms ...
Cao Chang - - 2013
It has been nearly 15 years since the first review on pregnancy and iron deficiency was published in Nutrition Reviews. Many unresolved issues raised in that seminal review have been addressed. New proteins involved in nonheme and heme iron transport have been identified in the enterocyte, and information on the ...
Currie Sinead - - 2013
Physical activity (PA) typically declines throughout pregnancy. Low levels of PA are associated with excessive weight gain and subsequently increase risk of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertension disorders, delivery by caesarean section and stillbirth. Systematic reviews on PA during pregnancy have not explored the efficacy of behaviour change techniques or ...
Kamalanathan Sadishkumar - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome affects 6 to 15% of reproductive age women worldwide. It is associated with increased risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, and birth of small for gestational age infant. Many studies on issues relating to pathophysiology and management of these complications have ...
Singh Megha - - 2013
Over the past decade, significant gains have been made in the implementation of malaria prevention measures in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa, including the distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). These have been shown to cause a reduction in the incidence of malaria and its consequences such as maternal anaemia, stillbirths and ...
Trumbo Paula R - - 2013
In 2001, Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for iodine were set for the different gender and life-stage groups by the Institute of Medicine. Because of the serious consequences of iodine deficiency for the developing fetus and infant, there is particular interest in further understanding optimal iodine nutrition and improving the monitoring ...
Hu Dan D Reproductive Medicine Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, The People's Republic of - - 2013
Abdominal cocoon (AC) is a rare condition of uncertain etiology. We report the case of a 29-year-old infertile Chinese woman with AC, who successfully got twin pregnancy and delivery through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET). And this review discusses the current concepts of its pathogenesis, diagnosis and ...
Madu Anthony Emeka AE Women and Children Hospital, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Hull HU3 2JZ, - - 2013
Juvenile dermatomyositis has variable clinical presentations both in and outside of pregnancy. A literature review indicated that optimal maternal and fetal outcomes can be anticipated when the pregnancy is undertaken while the disease is in remission. Poorer outcomes are associated with flare-up of the disease in early pregnancy compared with ...
Pearce Emily E EE Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Gillings School of Global Public Health University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 302 Rosenau Hall, Campus Box 7440 Chapel Hill NC 27599-7440 T: 919-699-2547 - - 2013
Physical activity during pregnancy has been associated with significant health benefits, however most women in the United States do not meet current guidelines. This systematic review evaluates evidence for interventions to improve physical activity during pregnancy in order to identify best practices and inform future research. Electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, ...
Lim Yong Kuei YK KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Department of Gynaecological Oncology, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 229899, - - 2013
► This is a case of central PNET arising from a mature teratoma in the ovary in pregnancy. ► Fertility sparing surgery can be considered for early stage PNET of the ovary.
Dean Sohni V - - 2013
This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format ...
Nielsen Ole Haagen OH Department of Gastroenterology, Medical Section, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors are increasingly being used in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Because this chronic intestinal disorder often affects women of fertile age, it is essential to assess the effect of biologics on pregnancy outcome. We performed a systematic review of the English-language literature to investigate if treatment ...
Koren Gideon G Motherisk Program, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. - - 2013
The US FDA approval in April 2013 of Diclegis®, the doxylamine-pyridoxine combination for morning sickness, is a major milestone, particularly since it is indicated for use in pregnancy and the FDA has labeled it a pregnancy category A drug the strongest evidence of fetal safety. After thirty years of being ...
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