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Bajwa Sukhwinder Kaur SK Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ram Nagar, Banur, Punjab, - - 2013
The gap between the developed and developing nations with regards to maternal mortality and morbidity may have narrowed but still a lot of dedicated work is required to bridge these differences. Obstetrical haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal deaths in these developing nations especially in India. The most common ...
Iyoke C A - - 2013
Although ultrasonography was introduced into Obstetrics and Gynaecology by a British Gynaecologist over five decades ago, the requirements for formal training in its use by gynecologists in Nigeria is just beginning to catch on, despite its indispensible role in various aspects of our clinical practice. To describe the role of ...
Webster Louise M - - 2013
Most recommended obstetric therapeutic agents are not licensed for their purpose. There is a lack of funding for research and little development of new therapeutic agents for use in the treatment of pregnancy-related disorders. Current therapeutics used in maternal health and their licensing status are reviewed and suggestions for these ...
Donoso Patricio - - 2013
Assisted reproductive techniques can lead to medical complications such as multiple pregnancy and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. A critical appraisal and strategies to reduce the occurrence of these complications are discussed in this manuscript.
Soyka Michael - - 2013
Pregnancy in opioid users poses a number of problems to treating physicians. Most guidelines recommend maintenance treatment to manage opioid addiction in pregnancy, with methadone being the gold standard. More recently, buprenorphine has been discussed as an alternate medication. The use and efficacy of buprenorphine in pregnancy is still controversial. ...
van der Pligt P - - 2013
Postpartum weight retention can predict future weight gain and long-term obesity. Moreover, failure to lose weight gained during pregnancy can lead to increased body mass index for subsequent pregnancies, increasing the risk of adverse maternal and foetal pregnancy outcomes. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions aimed at ...
Melse-Boonstra Alida - - 2013
Iodine deficiency affects an estimated 241 million school-aged children in the world. Little is known about iodine deficiency in relation to auditory function, except for the fact that deaf-mutism is one of the features of cretinism. In the present review, we documented the scientific knowledge on the role of iodine ...
Nishikawa Ai - - 2013
An increasing number of women with severe endometriosis have conceived through assisted reproductive technology, but endometriosis can cause life-threatening complications for both the mother and baby during pregnancy. We describe a case of endometriosis-induced spontaneous ileal perforation in pregnancy with massive intestinal haemorrhage that required caesarean section, right hemicolectomy and ...
Sesti Francesco - - 2013
The minimally invasive laparoscopic approach in the surgical treatment of diseases during pregnancy has become progressively more accepted and applied. In an attempt to overcome the potential adverse effects of pneumoperitoneum on the fetus, gasless laparoscopic surgery (GLS) has been developed. This article reviews the evidence available for the role ...
McCall Christina A - - 2013
"Therapeutic" bed rest continues to be used widely, despite evidence of no benefit and known harms. In this commentary, we summarize the Cochrane reviews of bed rest and propose an ethical argument for discontinuing this practice. Cochrane systematic reviews do not support "therapeutic" bed rest for threatened abortion, hypertension, preeclampsia, ...
Slattengren Andrew H - - 2013
When bleeding or pain occur in early pregnancy and ultrasound is inconclusive, a single progesterone test can often answer that question.
Bates Shannon M - - 2013
Approximately half of all pregnancy-related venous thromboembolic events are associated with thrombophilia. Although the most compelling data for a link between thrombophilia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes derive from women with antiphospholipid antibodies, some studies also suggest an association between these pregnancy complications and hereditary thrombophilias. Management of thrombophilia often ...
Park Tae Chul - - 2013
A woman in early pregnancy was referred due to severe pelvic pain. Vaginal examination showed a severely protruding left vaginal wall with severe tenderness. A transvaginal ultrasound showed a double uterus and a mixed echogenic mass next to the cervix of the left uterus. After creating an opening in the ...
Lane Barton F - - 2013
Vaginal bleeding is not uncommon in the first trimester of pregnancy. Ultrasound is the foremost modality for evaluating normal development of the gestational sac and embryo and for discriminating the causes of bleeding. While correlation with quantitative βHCG and clinical presentation is essential, sonographic criteria permit diagnosis of failed pregnancies, ...
Kasuga Yoshifumi - - 2013
During feto-placental development, chorion-amnion fusion occurs in early second trimester and persistent separation of the membranes beyond 17 weeks' gestation is considered abnormal (1). Several reports have shown that complete chorion-amnion separation, defined as the amnion being separated from the chorion on at least three sides of the gestational sac, ...
- - 2013
The care of the unborn child is of tremendous interest to many specialties, with anaesthesiology now gaining a distinct role as part of fetal multidisciplinary care. This book is an impressive collective effort of not less than 85 internationally renowned scientists and clinicians that compile their knowledge and expertise in ...
Naljayan Mihran V MV Renal, Molecular, and Vascular Medicine Divisions, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Preeclampsia affects 3% to 5% of all pregnancies and is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. This disorder is characterized by a constellation of signs and symptoms, most notably new-onset hypertension and proteinuria during the last trimester of pregnancy. In this review, the molecular mechanisms ...
Johnson Chris - - 2013
There is growing recognition of the role that osteopathy can play in the treatment of women during pregnancy (King et al 2003; Sandler 1996; Green 2000). It is usual for the osteopathic training colleges to run a pregnancy clinic and give students the opportunity to focus on the particular changes ...
Mukherjee Soma - - 2013
Ludwig's angina is an infectious process involving submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces that can rapidly progress to hemodynamic instability and airway obstruction. A 38-year-old unbooked multipara of low socioeconomic status with a poor oral and dental hygiene presented with bilateral submandibular cellulitis and intrauterine fetal demise. She delivered vaginally, and ...
Kattah Andrea G AG Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
Hypertensive pregnancy disorders complicate 6% to 8% of pregnancies and cause significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The goal of treatment is to prevent significant cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events in the mother without compromising fetal well-being. Current guidelines differentiate between the treatment of women with acute hypertensive syndromes of ...
Ferschl Marla M Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Recently published results suggest that prenatal repair of fetal myelomeningocele is a potentially preferable alternative when compared to postnatal repair. In this article, the pathology of myelomeningocele, unique physiologic considerations, perioperative anesthetic management, and ethical considerations of open fetal surgery for prenatal myelomeningocele repair are discussed. Open fetal surgeries have ...
Elzanaty Saad - - 2013
Ten to fifteen percent of infertile men are azoospermic, and sixty percent of these men have been classified as having non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). NOA results from testicular failure, and one of the causes of this is the presence of varicocele. Varicocele is observed in 5-10 % of men with NOA. This ...
Bolea-Alamanac B M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the scientific evidence about the risks of using methylphenidate for ADHD in pregnancy and lactation, to present a case in which interruption of treatment after delivery and during breastfeeding was harmful and to discuss the implications of treating or not ADHD in pregnancy and lactation. METHOD: For ...
Ohira Satoshi - - 2013
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is characterized by multiple hypoechoic vesicles which are similar to molar changes in the placenta; however, the process of such morphological changes of PMD during pregnancy has not been fully understood. We performed a review of all PMD cases published in English and identified 49 articles ...
Mitchell Connie - - 2013
After several decades of declining rates, maternal mortality climbed in California from a three-year moving average of 9.4 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1999-2001 to a high of 14.0 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2006-2008 (p < 0.001). The Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division of the California Department of ...
Garcia-Posada R R Maternal-Fetal Department, Institute of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology, IDIBAPS Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona Medical School, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2013
To construct reference ranges for cisterna magna (CM) width at 11-13 weeks' gestation in healthy fetuses and determine whether open spina bifida and posterior fossa anomalies could be diagnosed in the first trimester. This was a retrospective study. CM width reference ranges were constructed based on the measurements obtained from ...
Vrecenak Jesse D - - 2013
Building upon over 30 years of experimental and clinical development, fetal surgery can be argued to be a standard of care for selected indications, though application of these techniques remains limited to a small number of highly selected fetuses, and availability to a small number of highly specialized centers. Despite its ...
Moaveni Daria M - - 2013
Suboptimal communication between anesthesiologists and obstetricians can be associated with unintended poor maternal and neonatal outcomes, especially for emergency cesarean deliveries. Obstetricians use the results of antepartum and intrapartum fetal assessments to assess fetal well-being and to make decisions about the timing and method of delivery. Because abnormal results may ...
Arrish Jamila - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This review explored the extent to which the role of midwives in nutrition education during pregnancy has been reported in the literature and areas requiring further research were identified. REVIEW METHOD: A review of the literature was undertaken. Articles included in the review were published in English, in scholarly ...
Grant Aaron D - - 2013
A variety of changes in the eye can occur during pregnancy. These can be physiological, pathologic related to the pregnancy, or pathologic unrelated to the pregnancy. Pregnancy also can affect preexisting conditions. Pregnant women often discuss changes in their health first with their obstetrician; therefore, knowledge of common ophthalmic complaints ...
Baldwin Maureen K - - 2013
Repeat pregnancy within 2 years of a previous birth or abortion occurs in approximately 35% of recently pregnant female adolescents. The majority of these pregnancies are classified as unintended with about half ending in births and the remainder in abortions. Rapid repeat pregnancy (RRP) is associated with increased maternal and ...
Coleman S S Gerald D - - 2013
In Roman Catholic Moral Theology, a direct abortion is never permitted. An indirect abortion, in which a life threatening pathology is treated, and the treatment inadvertently leads to the death of the fetus, may be permissible in proportionately grave situations. In situations in which a mother's life is endangered by ...
Koren Gideon - - 2013
As many as 15% of women experience hypertension during pregnancy. Large proportions of them are receiving antihypertensive medications. This review investigated whether hypertension itself, or the antihypertensive medications, adversely affect long term child neurocognitive development. The existing evidence suggests that methyldopa and labetalol probably do not adversely affect neurobehavioral development. ...
Gizzo Salvatore - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the most appropriate surgical technique for optimizing hemostasis and preservation of subsequent fertility after postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): Review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Comparison of the effectiveness of conservative ...
Egan Robert A - - 2013
Editors' Note: Dr. Egan inquires about the possibility of Tournay phenomenon in Kawasaki and Mayer's "Tadpole pupil." Dr. Charles, in reference to "Disease-modifying drugs for multiple sclerosis in pregnancy: A systematic review," suggests that it might be appropriate to continue glatiramer acetate in women trying to conceive given the lack ...
Stadelmann Pascale - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO), primarily preterm birth (PTB), is still controversially discussed in the literature. Therefore, the aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the existing literature on the potential association between inflammatory mediators detected in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and ...
- - 2013
The Editors and Publisher would like to inform the readers the following article has been retracted from publication in The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine: Ortendahl M, Näsman P. Quitting smoking is perceived to have an effect on somatic health among pregnant and non-pregnant women. J Matern Fetal Neonatal ...
Yount Susan M - - 2013
Prostaglandin medications are frequently used in the process of induction of labor. Understanding the history and research that supports prostaglandin use for induction of labor is crucial for safe practice. Dinoprostone has been the standard of care for cervical ripening in term pregnancies. Misoprostol administration via various routes has been ...
Elliott John P - - 2013
Beta2-adrenergic agonist medications such as albuterol and terbutaline are often prescribed during pregnancy to treat conditions such as asthma, pulmonary disease, preterm labor, or acute non-reassuring fetal heart rate abnormalities during labor. Recently a review article questioned the safety of beta2-adrenergic agonist use in pregnancy, postulating a "biologically plausible" link ...
Moradi Maryam - - 2013
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in pregnancy as a common cause of maternal death has been a challenge for both clinicians and radiologists. Choosing the appropriate modality in each case has been under question and there are also related imaging pitfalls and hesitancy about radiation exposure and using contrast media for a ...
Lim Ji Hyae JH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Since the existence of cell-free fetal DNA (cff-DNA) in maternal circulation was discovered, it has been identified as a promising source of fetal genetic material in the development of reliable methods for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of fetal trisomy 21 (T21). Currently, a prenatal diagnosis of fetal T21 is achieved ...
Wesnes Stian Langeland - - 2013
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in association with pregnancy. Incident UI in pregnancy or postpartum are significant risk factors for UI later in life. Epidemiological studies on UI during pregnancy and postpartum list numerous variables associated with UI. For women, the main focus is on pelvic floor muscle ...
Bogaerts Annick - - 2013
BACKGROUND: the incidence of obesity increases in all developed countries to frightful percentages, also in women of reproductive age. Maternal obesity is associated with important obstetrical complications; and this group also exhibits a higher incidence of prolonged pregnancies and labours. OBJECTIVE: to review the literature on the pathophysiology of onset ...
Koyama Atsuko A Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Emergency post-coital contraception (EC) is an effective method of preventing pregnancy when used appropriately. EC has been available since the 1970s, and its availability and use have become widespread. Options for EC are broad and include the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and emergency contraceptive pills such as levonorgestrel, ulipristal acetate, ...
Macones George A - - 2013
In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed: Orbach H, Matok I, Gorodischer R, et al. Hypertension and antihypertensive drugs in pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Am J ...
Legendre Claire-Marie - - 2013
Although selective termination of pregnancy and fetal reduction in multiple pregnancy both involve the termination in utero of the development of live fetuses, these two procedures are different in several aspects. Nevertheless, several authors tend to amalgamate and confuse their psychosocial consequences and the ethical issues they raise. Therefore, this ...
O'Neill Sm - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section rates are increasing worldwide, and the long-term effects are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancy in women with a previous caesarean section, compared with vaginal delivery. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic review of the literature using CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PubMed, SCOPUS and ...
Byrn Mary A - - 2013
Depression and gestational diabetes are common and serious problems during pregnancy. While information exists regarding maternal and fetal outcomes in women who have either depression or gestational diabetes, there is a paucity of data regarding outcomes in women who have both. This article reviews and summarizes studies examining depression during ...
Palma-Reis Ines - - 2013
Because women are becoming pregnant at a later age, hypertension is more commonly encountered in pregnancy. In addition, with increasing numbers of young women living with renal transplants and kidney disease, it is important for physicians to be aware of the effects of pregnancy on these diseases. A multidisciplinary approach ...
Crow Emily - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The editors of BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).
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