Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1191
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Al-Saleh Iman - - 2010
This study evaluated the effect of caffeine consumption on the success rate of pregnancy and various in vitro fertilization (IVF) performance parameters. Serum and follicular fluid samples were collected from 619 women undergoing IVF treatment (2002-2003). Caffeine assessment was based on measuring the levels of caffeine in serum and follicular ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Inhibins and activins are important regulators of the female reproductive system. Recently, a novel inhibin betaC subunit has been identified. However, only limited data on the expression of this novel inhibin-betaC subunit in normal and pathological human placentas exist. Tissue specimens of normal, preeclamptic, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets ...
Newcombe Jr - - 2010
One hundred and fifty-four mares were inseminated with fresh semen either during the pre- or post-ovulatory periods at different intervals relative to ovulation: 36-24 h (n = 17) and 24-0 h (n = 30) before ovulation; 0-8 h (n = 21), 8-16 h (n = 24), 16-24 h (n = 48) and 24-32 h (n = 14) h after ovulation. All mares received the same routine post-mating treatment ...
García-Herrero Sandra - - 2011
Basic sperm analysis is limited as a method of estimating pregnancy. This study’s objective was use of microarray technology to differentiate the gene expressions of spermatozoa that achieved pregnancy in an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)cycle in an oocyte donation programme with those that did not achieve pregnancy. A study of ...
Denney Jeffrey M - - 2011
To characterize immune modulation as expressed by cytokine assays at three time-points in human pregnancy. This is a prospective, longitudinal study of a broad panel of cytokine expression during singleton pregnancies resulting in an uncomplicated, full-term, live births. Peripheral blood was obtained at 8-14, 18-22, and 28-32 weeks gestation. Six ...
Kovacs Peter - - 2011
Blastocyst stage embryo transfer (BET) leads to higher pregnancy rates when compared to cleavage stage transfer. Better embryo selection and a more physiologic stage of transfer are possible explanations. We assessed the significance of embryo selection in achieving an improved outcome. Retrospective analysis of all BETs from our 2007 IVF ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2011
This study assesses the effect of passive and active smoking on pregnancy rates after IVF with transfer of high-quality embryos. In a cohort study, women attending the IVF unit in 2006–2007 with favourable parameters for pregnancy (<38 years; less than three IVF cycles, transfer of two highest-grade embryos) grouped by ...
Gabriel H G - - 2011
This paper addresses the question whether the pregnancy rate of dairy cows and heifers may be affected by administering prostaglandin F(2α) at the time of artificial insemination. A field trial involving 1031 dairy cows and heifers distributed to a large number of small dairy farms in an area of extensive ...
Heiskanen Nonna - - 2011
Abstract Aims. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of gestational hypertension on hemodynamics and cardiovascular autonomic regulation at rest and their responses to head-up tilt (HUT). We prospectively studied 56 pregnant women (28 with gestational hypertension and 28 healthy pregnant women) during the third trimester ...
Wathén K-A - - 2011
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most potent stimulator of angiogenesis. It mediates its activity through two membrane-bound receptors, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, both expressed in the placenta. Beginning in early pregnancy, the soluble form of the first, sVEGFR-1, binds and inhibits most of the biological actions of circulating VEGF. ...
Balci Osman - - 2010
Objective. To compare the efficacy and complications of intravaginal misoprostol application before starting oxytocin infusion with oxytocin infusion alone for labor induction in term primigravidae pregnancies with low-Bishop score. Methods. This randomized study included 101 primigravidae women with singleton pregnancies >38 weeks and a Bishop score of <6. Group 1 (50 patients) ...
Glujovsky Demian - - 2011
To evaluate which is the minimum number of oocytes to be allocated to each recipient in a shared egg donor program. We analyzed 953 recipients that received at least 4 metaphase II (MII) oocytes in the period 2006-2008. We retrospectively divided the recipients according to the number of MII oocytes ...
O'Keane V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MD) is frequently accompanied by a relatively increased production of the stress hormone cortisol. During pregnancy corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) is secreted from the placenta and critically high levels of CRH are one of the key triggers for parturition. Maternal cortisol promotes the secretion of placental CRH. ...
Groeneveld Els - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In assisted reproductive techniques it is important to find a balance between high pregnancy and acceptable multiple pregnancy rates. In IVF treatment, stimulation with highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) results in comparable or even higher pregnancy rates at lower oocyte yields compared to recombinant FSH. Since highly purified ...
Su Mei-Tsz - - 2011
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) could be caused by insufficient progesterone in the luteal phase of menstruation and early pregnancy. Progesterone plays a critical role in oocyte maturation, embryo implantation and placenta maintenance in early gestation. This study was set out to investigate the association between polymorphisms of the progesterone receptor ...
Hickman M Ashley - - 2010
We sought to determine if maternal periodontal disease is associated with oxidative stress as measured by serum 8-isoprostane. A secondary analysis was conducted using prospective data from the Oral Conditions and Pregnancy Study. Healthy women enrolled at < 26 weeks' gestational age underwent oral examination and serum sampling. Maternal periodontal disease ...
Woods Ashley K - - 2011
An imbalance in circulating proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors is postulated to play a causal role in preeclampsia (PE). We have described an inbred mouse strain, BPH/5, which spontaneously develops a PE-like syndrome including late-gestational hypertension, proteinuria, and poor feto-placental outcomes. Here we tested the hypothesis that an angiogenic imbalance during ...
Uyar Asli - - 2010
The distribution of six physicians' pregnancy rates with cycle and patient demographics was investigated for 2,212 transfer cycles. The results indicate that when the patient and cycle characteristics are compromised, the level of physician experience may determine the outcome of embryo transfers.
Shastri Shefali M - - 2011
To evaluate in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle outcomes in young poor responders treated with a luteal estradiol/gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (E(2)/ANT) protocol versus an oral contraceptive pill microdose leuprolide protocol (OCP-MDL). Retrospective cohort. Academic practice. Poor responders: 186 women, aged <35 years undergoing IVF with either E(2)/ANT or OCP-MDL protocols. None. ...
Magistrado Pamela A - - 2011
Malaria during pregnancy is a major cause of intra-uterine growth-retardation and infant death in sub-Saharan Africa. Ideally, this could be prevented by a vaccine delivered before the first pregnancy. Antibodies against domain DBL4ɛ from VAR2CSA has been shown to inhibit adhesion of laboratory isolates to the placental receptor chondroitin sulfate ...
Guller S - - 2011
Shedding of syncytiotrophoblast microparticles (MPs) from placenta to maternal blood occurs in normal pregnancy and is enhanced during preeclampsia (PE). The syncytiotrophoblast synthesizes plasminogen activator inhibitors (PAIs) which regulate fibrinolysis, as well as soluble forms of the fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1) and endoglin, which exert anti-angiogenic actions. An increase in ...
Gorzecka Justyna - - 2011
In this study, features of progesterone profiles were examined in relation to the outcome of insemination. Three groups of estrous cycles were analyzed: resulting in pregnancy, not resulting in pregnancy and resulting in lost pregnancy. The aim of the study was to identify a complex of progesterone profile features associated ...
Floridia Marco - - 2010
Purpose: To investigate the risk factors for an HIV-1 RNA plasma viral load above 400 copies/mL in the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: Data from a large national study were used. The possible determinants were assessed in univariate analyses and in a multivariate logistic regression model in order to adjust ...
Tsai Horng-Der - - 2010
Mitochondria are important organelles in cell biology. We aimed to study the effects of mitochondrial DNA variations in cumulus cells (CCs) upon in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcomes. A total of 51 women undergoing IVF-ET were recruited for the study. The CCs were collected during oocyte retrievals. Mitochondria ...
Brandes M - - 2011
This longitudinal multicentre cohort study aimed to identify the role of the conception mode in infertile couples with an early pregnancy loss (EPL). All couples referred to the fertility clinic for the first time in the period 2002-2006 because of infertility were followed up to their first clinical pregnancy (n=1809). ...
Laskowska-Klita Teresa - - 2010
Pro-hepcidin, mainly synthesized in hepatocytes is the pro-hormone of hepcidin which demonstrates antimicrobial activity and is the body's main regulator of iron homeostasis. The estimation of serum pro-hepcidin concentrations in uncomplicated pregnancy and complicated by premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and in pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). The studies were performed ...
Sambucci Manolo - - 2010
During embryogenesis, the development of tissues, organs and systems, including the immune system, is particularly susceptible to the effects of noxious agents. We examined the effects of prenatal (in utero) exposure to WiFi signals on pregnancy outcome and the immune B-cell compartment, including antibody production. Sixteen mated (plug-positive) female mice ...
Brown Janine L - - 2011
Many felid species are endangered because of destructive human activities. As a result, zoos are being tasked with sustaining genetically healthy populations in case of catastrophic extinctions. Unfortunately, with the exception of a few species, most felids do not reproduce well in captivity. The ability to track reproductive activity via ...
Morgante Massimo - - 2010
To evaluate the metabolic profile of pregnant and non-pregnant ewes with high or low degree of behavioral lateralization, we used 57 clinically healthy Sardinian ewes. They were divided into three groups: Group A (nonpregnant ewes), Group B (pregnant ewes with one fetus) and Group C (pregnant ewes with twin fetuses). ...
Bibi Seema - - 2010
To elaborate the relationship between serum homocysteine (hcy) levels and vascular related pregnancy complications in pregnant women as well as to assess the homocysteine lowering effects of folate, vitamin 812 and 86. The secondary objectives were to establish a link between serum homocysteine levels and maternal age, parity, gestational age, ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2010
To determine the predictive factors for pregnancy after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH)/intrauterine insemination (IUI). Prospective observational study. University-level tertiary care center. 366 patients undergoing 480 stimulated IUI cycles between November 2007 and December 2008. Ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins was initiated and a single IUI was performed 36 h after triggering ...
Rocca Corinne H - - 2010
We evaluated the psychometric properties of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy among Indian women using classical methods and Item Response Modeling. The scale exhibited good internal consistency and internal structure, with overall scores correlating well with each item's response categories. Items performed similarly for pregnant and non-pregnant women, and ...
Totton Sarah C - - 2010
The objectives were to test the hypothesis that estrus and pregnancy are seasonal in free-ranging female dogs (>3 mo old) in Jodhpur, India, and to determine litter size, and the prevalence of fetal resorption in this population. The prevalence of estrus and pregnancy was determined in 5400 free-ranging bitches (trapped ...
Lee Vivian Chi Yan - - 2011
Letrozole is a third-generation selective aromatase inhibitor. Animal data suggested that it might be useful in medical abortion. We performed two pilot studies to assess the feasibility of using letrozole in combination with either mifepristone or misoprostol for termination of pregnancy up to 63 days. We recruited 40 subjects who ...
Rodriguez-Hidalgo P - - 2010
The influence of short- and long-term (cohort) effects of climate and density on the life-histories of ungulates in temperate regions may vary with latitude, habitat, and management practices, but the life-histories of ungulates in the Mediterranean region are less well known. This study examined the short- and long-term effects of ...
Galisteo J - - 2010
This paper investigated gestation length and estrus cycle characteristics in three different Spanish donkey breeds (Andalusian, Zamorano-Leones, and Catalonian) kept on farm conditions in southern Spain, using data for ten consecutive breeding seasons. Gestation length was measured in 58 pregnancies. Ovarian ultrasonography was used to detect the ovulation, in order ...
Joshi Bharat V - - 2010
To compare the pregnancy rate following transfer of frozen-thawed embryos with or without overnight culture after thawing. This is a retrospective analysis of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles performed between January 2006 and December 2008. Out of 518 thaw cycles, 504 resulted in embryo transfers (ETs). Of the total FET ...
Giasuddin A S M - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to see the prevalence of anticardiolipin antibody (ACA) in Bangladeshi patients (35) with recurrent pregnancy loss. Thirty-seven women with normal pregnancy were included as control. Serum levels (mean +/- SD) of ACA (u/mL) was significantly higher, whereas ANA (Ab-index) and anti-dsDNA (Ab-index) were ...
Sugaya S - - 2010
A successful pregnancy outcome after calcium ionophore A23187 oocyte activation in an infertile couple with a repeated failure of achieving fertilization after ICSI is reported. The secondary infertility couple with oligozoospermia underwent ICSI two times. However, none of the oocytes were fertilized. In the third ICSI attempt, three oocytes after ...
Check J H - - 2010
To determine if fertilization and embryo development and pregnancy was possible following in vitro fertilization (IVF) in a couple with long-term unexplained infertility where the female partner had diminished egg reserve and where fertilization failure occurred despite conventional oocyte insemination and intracyoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In vitro fertilization was performed ...
Hare Kelly M - - 2010
Research on the causes of pregnancy failure in vertebrates has historically been mammal-focussed. However, live-birth (viviparity) has evolved multiple times, and is present in all other vertebrate taxa except Aves and Agnatha. Viviparous lizards (O. Squamata, excluding snakes and amphisbaenians) provide a valuable experimental group when studying major evolutionary events ...
Okafor U V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of preeclampsia is poorly understood and recent evidence suggests that the incidence varies depending upon the season. AIM: This study was carried out to determine whether there is a seasonal variation in the presentation of preeclamptics undergoing cesarean delivery in a tropical rainforest belt. SETTING: A university ...
Skipor J - - 2010
The contractile effects of PGF2alpha (3 x 10(-6) to 10(-4) M) and PGE2 (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) were examined on isolated branches of ovarian artery (OA) and extramyometrial branches of uterine artery (UA) collected from pigs in the luteal (day 10-12) and follicular phase (day 17-20) of the estrous cycle, ...
Xiong Huijuan - - 2010
To evaluate the proportional changes of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in maternal peripheral blood during pregnancy and labor at term and preterm. Peripheral blood was collected from 20 non-pregnant controls and 139 pregnant women (60 at different gestational ages, 48 at term with or without labor, and 31 in ...
Shira Davenport Elizabeth - - 2010
Preterm and low birthweight (PTLBW) continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity across the world. In recent years, maternal periodontal disease has been implicated as a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is conflicting evidence to support such an outcome as illustrated by descriptive, case control ...
Balkus Jennifer - - 2010
We compared vaginal proinflammatory cytokine and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) concentrations among pregnant and nonpregnant women according to bacterial vaginosis (BV) status. One-hundred and twenty-two women at 12-20 weeks' gestation and 133 nonpregnant controls had vaginal concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and SLPI measured by enzyme immunoassay. Multivariable ...
Hans Unim - - 2010
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is a hydro-soluble lactone (synthesized from glucose) essential to human body and available from diet. Despite its broad availability in fruits and vegetables, in many developing countries the incidence of clinical symptoms due to the vitamin deficiency is still very high. Also, pregnant women in ...
Bernal Angelica B - - 2010
We have shown recently that maternal undernutrition (UN) advanced female pubertal onset in a manner that is dependent upon the timing of UN. The long-term consequence of this accelerated puberty on ovarian function is unknown. Recent findings suggest that oxidative stress may be one mechanism whereby early life events impact ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2010
The FMR1 gene partially appears to control ovarian reserve, with a specific ovarian sub-genotype statistically associated with a polycystic ovary (PCO)- like phenotype. Some forms of PCO have been associated with autoimmunity. We, therefore, investigated in multiple regression analyses associations of ovary-specific FMR1 genotypes with autoimmunity and pregnancy chances (with ...
Jensen Federico - - 2010
Mast cells (MCs) have long been suspected as important players for implantation based on the fact that their degranulation causes the release of pivotal factors, e.g., histamine, MMPs, tryptase and VEGF, which are known to be involved in the attachment and posterior invasion of the embryo into the uterus. Moreover, ...
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