Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1235
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Mahomed Kassam - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency can occur in people whose diet is relatively low in the vitamin and those who are not exposed to much sunlight. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of vitamin D supplementation on pregnancy outcome. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials ...
Martí-Carvajal Arturo J - - 2011
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired syndrome characterised by systemic intravascular activation of coagulation. There are several obstetric causes of DIC during pregnancy and postpartum. To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of haematological interventions such as heparins (low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH), danaparoid sodium, ...
Virant-Klun Irma - - 2011
The clinical results of in vitro fertilization of slowly frozen-thawed oocytes are known to be significantly worse than those obtained by fresh oocytes. Little is known about the factors affecting the clinical outcome of frozen-thawed oocytes. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the role of oocyte cryopreservation ...
Tao Liu - - 2011
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common pathogen in uterus during pregnancy, which may lead to some serious results such as miscarriage, stillbirth, cerebellar malformation, fetus developmental retardation, but its pathogenesis has not been fully explained. The hypofunction of extravillous cytotrophoblast (EVT) invasion is the essential pathologic base of some ...
Stoop Dominic - - 2011
Single blastocyst transfer has the advantage of maximizing the fresh single pregnancy rate. However, in patients with a low number of good quality embryos on day 3, it remains unclear whether immediate embryo transfer or further embryo culture with blastocyst transfer is the most preferable option. A retrospective cohort study ...
Rodríguez-Dennen Fernando - - 2011
Pregnancy is accompanied by several hemodynamic, biochemical and hematological changes which revert to normal values after labor. The mean values of these parameters have been reported for developed countries, but not for Mexican women. Furthermore, labor constitutes a stress situation, in which these factors may be altered. It is known ...
Conrad Kirk P - - 2011
Relaxin is an approximately 6-kilodalton peptide hormone secreted by the corpus luteum, and circulates in the maternal blood during pregnancy. Relaxin administration to awake, chronically instrumented, nonpregnant rats mimics the vasodilatory phenomena of pregnancy. Furthermore, immunoneutralization of relaxin or its elimination from the circulation during midterm pregnancy in awake rats ...
Kozdrowski Roland - - 2011
European bison is the largest mammal in Europe with the population of approximately 4000 individuals. However, there is no report of post-mortem spermatozoa collection and cryopreservation from this species and the aim of this study was to test if the epididymal spermatozoa collected post-mortem from European bison are suitable for ...
Sánchez-Rodríguez Elly N - - 2011
Natural Killer (NK) cells are the most abundant lymphocytes in the decidua during early gestation. The interactions of NK cells with the extravillous cytotrophoblast have been associated with a normal spiral artery remodeling process, an essential event for a successful pregnancy. Recent data indicate that alterations in the amount of ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
Pregnancy is a state of increased requirement of macro- and micronutrients, and malnourishment or inadequate dietary intake before and during pregnancy, can lead to adverse perinatal outcomes including stillbirths. Many nutritional interventions have been proposed during pregnancy according to the nutritional status of the mother and baseline risk factors for ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
The FMR1 gene, mapping to an area of the X chromosome closely associated with autoimmunity also affects ovarian reserve, with specific genotypes associated with distinct ovarian aging patterns. They, therefore, could also be associated with differences of in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes, reported between races/ethnicities. We analyzed 339 consecutive IVF ...
Greene Jonathan M - - 2011
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) plays a pivotal role in angiogenesis by eliciting vascular endothelial cell growth when bound to VEGF, a powerful pro-angiogenic ligand. While Vegf and Vegfr2 are expressed throughout gestation, the latter third of gestation in mice is characterized by a marked increase in fetoplacental angiogenesis. ...
Prentice Ann A MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK, and MRC Keneba, Keneba, The - - 2011
Calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone growth and maintenance. Among the bone-forming minerals, dietary calcium supply is close to biological requirements and may be limiting in some parts of the world where there are few rich dietary sources of calcium, particularly for children and women during pregnancy and ...
Wani Mohammad Saleem MS Department of Urology, Sher-i- Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura Srinagar, Kashmir, J and K, - - 2011
Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage is an acute hemorrhage from the adrenal gland which occurs in the absence of trauma. The incidence of this condition during pregnancy is unknown. We describe a patient with massive unilateral adrenal hemorrhage which occurred during labor. The patient was successfully managed conservatively with complete resolution of ...
Ahmadi Firoozeh F Department of Reproductive Imaging, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2011
Structural pathologies in the uterine cavity such as müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs) and intrauterine lesions (fibroids, polyps, synechiae) may have important roles in subinfertility, implantation failure and pregnancy outcome. Various imaging modalities such as hysterosalpingography (HSG), sonography, laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are used in the evaluation of MDAs and intrauterine lesions. ...
Hansen Anette Tarp - - 2010
Abstract Background. Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state with a 5- to 10- fold higher risk of venous thromboembolism. Existing reference intervals for fibrin D-dimer (D-dimer), functional fibrinogen (fibrinogen) and protein S, free antigen (protein S) are based on non-pregnant patients and reference intervals for pregnant patients are warranted. Objectives. The ...
Reimers Arne - - 2011
The placenta contains a large variety of metabolizing enzymes, among them UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT). Several UGT2B isozymes have so far been detected in human placenta, but little is known on placental expression of UGT1A isozymes. The antiepileptic drug lamotrigine (LTG) is a UGT1A4-substrate, and its serum concentration falls by over 50% ...
Kim Chung-Hoon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether levothyroxine (LT4) treatment has beneficial effects on IVF results and pregnancy outcome in infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A total of 64 infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism, defined as an elevated serum ...
Lau S M - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Diabetes in pregnancy is linked to development of obesity in the offspring, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurs when beta cells are unable to compensate for the normal insulin resistance of late pregnancy. In this study, we used a murine model of beta ...
Ozdemir Suna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The finding that ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is increased in pre-eclamptic pregnancy suggests a role for IMA as a potential biomarker for abnormal placental development related to miscarriage. This study was undertaken to evaluate IMA levels in women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). STUDY DESIGN: This case-control study was performed ...
Rivera Fernando Acuna - - 2010
Fertility of lactating dairy cows is associated with reduced progesterone concentration (P4) compared with non-lactating animals. The objective of the current study was to determine whether P4 during growth of the first follicular wave affects embryo quality. Lactating Holstein cows at 33 ± 3 d postpartum were allocated to one ...
Santolaria P - - 2010
The antigen-specific IgG subclass response may be a convenient indicator of the underlying nature of T helper cell regulation. The aim of the present study was to identify possible differences in Neospora caninum-specific total plasma IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 antibody levels in purebreed and crossbreed pregnancies throughout gestation in beef ...
Argañaraz Martin Eduardo - - 2010
SummaryIn mammals, fertilization and preimplantation embryo development occurs in the oviduct. Cross-talk between the developing embryos and the maternal reproductive tract has been described in such a way as to show that the embryos modulate the physiology and gene expression of the oviduct. Different studies have indicated that transforming growth ...
Mayor P - - 2010
This study examined anatomical and histological characteristics of genital organs of 38 black agouti females in the wild in different reproductive stages, collected by rural hunters in the North-eastern Peruvian Amazon. Females in the follicular phase of the estrous cycle had greater antral follicle sizes than other females, the largest ...
Zini Armand - - 2011
Seminal antisperm antibodies (ASAs) have been associated with male infertility and a reduced probability of achieving a spontaneous pregnancy. However, the impact of ASAs on reproductive outcomes after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) remains controversial. We sought to further examine the relationship between ASAs and reproductive outcomes after in vitro fertilization ...
Heng Yujing J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal changes in immunoreactive cystatin A and the enzymatic activity of cathepsins B, H, L, and S in human cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) in late pregnancy and spontaneous labor. STUDY DESIGN:: CVF was collected weekly (n = 95 women) from 36 ...
Kacerovsky Marian - - 2010
Objective. To determine changes in the amniotic fluid, soluble form of scavenger receptor for hemoglobin (sCD163) concentrations during advancing gestation, and in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicated by histological chorioamnionitis were studied. Methods. One hundred and fifty-two women with singleton pregnancies were enrolled. The concentration of sCD163 in ...
Baston-Buest Dunja M - - 2011
Angiogenesis is required for successful implantation of the invading blastocyst. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important key player in angiogenesis and vascular remodeling during the implantation process. Besides its well-characterized receptors VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) has been shown to play an additional role in the signaling process ...
Bora Shabana A - - 2010
Background: Persistent trophoblast is a recognised complication of salpingostomy for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy, with reported rates of 3-20%; hence, women are advised to have serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) levels monitored post-operatively. Although much less common, there are also reports of disseminated trophoblastic peritoneal implants after laparoscopic salpingectomy. ...
Masuyama Hisashi - - 2011
Preeclampsia is characterized by the onset of high blood pressure and proteinuria during pregnancy, which results in substantial maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Insulin resistance has been observed before the onset of preeclampsia, and is implicated in its pathophysiology. Recently, retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), which carries retinol in circulation, ...
Bergfelt Don R - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to validate a relaxin and progesterone RIA for use in bottlenose dolphins, and quantify and characterize both hormones in extracts of placental tissue and serum collected during pregnancy and the post-partum period, and compare the results between dolphins with live and stillborn calves. In ...
Tao Manlan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is a secretion of the placenta during pregnancy and gestational trophoblastic diseases. It increases as a consequence of abnormal placental invasion and placental immaturity. So, it is an important diagnostic marker of pregnancy and many diseases such as the hydatidiform mole, the choriocarcinoma, the orchic ...
Fine Paul M - - 2010
Emergency contraception is a woman's last chance to prevent unintended pregnancy. Ulipristal acetate, a selective progesterone receptor modulator, when taken as a single 30 mg dose, is a new, safe and effective emergency contraceptive that can be used from the first day and up to 5 days following unprotected intercourse. ...
Mijal Renée S - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe relations among maternal demographic and lifestyle characteristics and midpregnancy levels of angiogenic markers (soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, placental growth factor, soluble endoglin). In a large pregnancy cohort, linear models were used to evaluate relations among maternal characteristics and midpregnancy angiogenic markers with ...
Brüssow Klaus-Peter - - 2011
The hypothesis of the present study was that a GnRH agonist application at early pregnancy would alter the pattern of the key reproductive hormones LH and FSH, and subsequently that of estradiol (E2) and especially progesterone (P4), and improve the conditions for embryo survival in early pregnant gilts. Therefore, the ...
Patel J - - 2010
Maternal thyroid hormone is provided to the fetus before the onset of fetal thyroid function (at about 16 weeks) and is essential for normal neurologic development. Mechanisms of transport are uncertain but transthyretin (TTR), a thyroxine binding protein produced by the placenta may be involved. Placental oxygen concentrations in early pregnancy ...
Chen Qi - - 2011
Pregnancy loss is a serious social and medical issue, with one important cause associated with aberrant embryo implantation during early pregnancy. However, whether and how the process of embryo implantation is affected by environmental factors such as stress-induced sympathetic activation remained elusive. Here we report an unexpected, transient effect of ...
Arkkola Tuula - - 2011
This study set out to examine how maternal initial body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy associate with advanced beta cell autoimmunity in the offspring. A population-based birth cohort of 4093 children with increased human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their mothers were ...
Brozos Christos - - 2011
The paper reviews treatment and control of pregnancy toxaemia, hypocalcaemia, hypomagnesaemia, the important peri-parturient diseases of small ruminants. Treatment of pregnancy toxemia benefits from early instigation, ie, upon timely diagnosis and is based on administration of energy sources to sick animals. Removal of fetuses, by induced parturition or caesarean section, ...
Ruiz-Sanz José Ignacio - - 2011
To investigate whether the Ala16Val polymorphism in the SOD2 gene, encoding for mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD), is associated with [1] infertility and [2] the pregnancy rate (PR) in IVF cycles. Prospective case-control study. Public university and public university hospital. A total of 362 newborns (nonselected population) and 148 infertile ...
Rasweiler John J JJ - - 2010
To characterize periovulatory events, reproductive tracts were collected at 12 hr intervals from captive-bred, short-tailed fruit bats, Carollia perspicillata, on days 1-3 post coitum and examined histologically. Most bats bred readily. Graafian follicles developed large antra and exhibited preovulatory expansion of the cumulus oophorus. Ovulation had occurred in some on ...
Wu Wen - - 2011
This study assesses the role of progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) in actions of progesterone (P4) on human myometrium during pregnancy and labour. Myometrial tissues were obtained from non-pregnant patients during hysterectomy or pregnant women undergoing C-section at term and preterm, before and during labour. PGRMC1 expression in myometrial ...
Rasweiler John J JJ - - 2011
To characterize periovulatory events, reproductive tracts were collected at 12 hr intervals from captive-bred, short-tailed fruit bats, Carollia perspicillata, on days 1-3 post coitum and examined histologically. Most bats bred readily. Graafian follicles developed large antra and exhibited preovulatory expansion of the cumulus oophorus. Ovulation had occurred in some on ...
Turi Angelo - - 2010
This study investigated the role of a steroid pretreatment on the pregnancy rate and pregnancy outcomes in patients positive for antithyroid antibodies who were undergoing induction of ovulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI). A double-blind, randomized, prospective cohort study was conducted on infertile women who met the following criteria: infertility for ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2010
This study evaluated the effect of caffeine consumption on the success rate of pregnancy and various in vitro fertilization (IVF) performance parameters. Serum and follicular fluid samples were collected from 619 women undergoing IVF treatment (2002-2003). Caffeine assessment was based on measuring the levels of caffeine in serum and follicular ...
Mylonas Ioannis - - 2011
Inhibins and activins are important regulators of the female reproductive system. Recently, a novel inhibin betaC subunit has been identified. However, only limited data on the expression of this novel inhibin-betaC subunit in normal and pathological human placentas exist. Tissue specimens of normal, preeclamptic, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets ...
Newcombe Jr - - 2010
One hundred and fifty-four mares were inseminated with fresh semen either during the pre- or post-ovulatory periods at different intervals relative to ovulation: 36-24 h (n = 17) and 24-0 h (n = 30) before ovulation; 0-8 h (n = 21), 8-16 h (n = 24), 16-24 h (n = 48) and 24-32 h (n = 14) h after ovulation. All mares received the same routine post-mating treatment ...
García-Herrero Sandra - - 2011
Basic sperm analysis is limited as a method of estimating pregnancy. This study’s objective was use of microarray technology to differentiate the gene expressions of spermatozoa that achieved pregnancy in an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)cycle in an oocyte donation programme with those that did not achieve pregnancy. A study of ...
Denney Jeffrey M - - 2011
To characterize immune modulation as expressed by cytokine assays at three time-points in human pregnancy. This is a prospective, longitudinal study of a broad panel of cytokine expression during singleton pregnancies resulting in an uncomplicated, full-term, live births. Peripheral blood was obtained at 8-14, 18-22, and 28-32 weeks gestation. Six ...
Kovacs Peter - - 2011
Blastocyst stage embryo transfer (BET) leads to higher pregnancy rates when compared to cleavage stage transfer. Better embryo selection and a more physiologic stage of transfer are possible explanations. We assessed the significance of embryo selection in achieving an improved outcome. Retrospective analysis of all BETs from our 2007 IVF ...
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