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Results 451 - 500 of 1247
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Krakowski L - - 2011
The study involved 46 healthy purebred Arabian mares exhibiting regular oestrous cycles that underwent artificial insemination (AI). Pregnancy was detected ultrasonographically (US) in 40 mares. In 15 mares in foal, early embryonic death (EED) was observed during the pregnancy days 14-21. Blood for determinations of serum acute phase proteins (SAA ...
Naseer Z - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare oestrus expression and fertility rate in used and new controlled internal drug releasing (CIDR) device treated anoestrous buffaloes. Furthermore, to determine the timing of ovulation, and fertility rate in estradiol benzoate (EB) and GnRH-administered CIDR-treated anoestrous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In experiment 1, buffaloes ...
Kawamura Kazuhiro - - 2011
Although medical treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy using methotrexate has been established, development of more potent and safer medical treatment is needed due to limited indications and side effects of methotrexate. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signals through its receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) to regulate the growth of malignant trophoblastic, ...
Adachi Itsuki - - 2011
The purposes of the present study were to establish a noninvasive monitoring assay of fecal progestagen measurement to detect pregnancy and to identify the components of fecal progestagens in early, middle and late pregnancy in cheetahs. Feces were collected from 7 female cheetahs and analyzed from 30 days before the ...
Hughes Elizabeth - - 2011
β-Cell mass increases during pregnancy to accommodate for insulin resistance. This increase is mainly due to β-cell proliferation, a process that requires intact prolactin receptor (Prlr) signaling. Signaling molecules that are known to regulate β-cell proliferation include Jak2, Akt, the tumor suppressor menin, and cell cycle proteins. Whether these pathways ...
Yi Fu-Xian FX Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2011
Pregnancy is a time of greatly increased uterine blood flow to meet the needs of the growing fetus. Increased uterine blood flow is also observed in the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle. Simultaneous fura-2 and 4,5-diaminofluoresceine (DAF-2) imaging reveals that cells of the uterine artery endothelium (UA Endo) from ...
Chang Eun Mi - - 2011
To compare the IVF outcomes of vitrification-thawed blastocyst transfer cycles utilizing different endometrial preparation methods. We retrospectively assessed IVF outcomes in 611 patients (648 cycles) who underwent blastocyst frozen embryo transfer (FET) between January 2007 and December 2009. All embryos had been cryopreserved by a vitrification method following a previous ...
Hue-Beauvais Cathy - - 2011
Alterations to the metabolic environment during puberty can impact future lactation efficiency and mammary tumorigenesis. During this study, we used a model of rabbits receiving an obesogenic diet (OD), starting before puberty and extending until mid-pregnancy. Three months later, the body weight of OD animals was significantly higher than that ...
Hue-Beauvais Cathy - - 2011
Alterations to the metabolic environment during puberty can impact future lactation efficiency and mammary tumorigenesis. During this study, we used a model of rabbits receiving an obesogenic diet (OD), starting before puberty and extending until mid-pregnancy. Three months later, the body weight of OD animals was significantly higher than that ...
Roberts K A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pre-gravid obesity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and offspring. Recent studies have demonstrated a heightened inflammatory response both systemically and locally within the adipose and placental tissue in women with pre-gravid obesity, which may play a role in mediating the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The ...
Karthikeyan V J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endothelial damage/dysfunction has been related to hypertension in pregnancy, with implications in pregnancy outcomes. We hypothesised abnormal levels of circulating endothelial cells (CECs), circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) and plasma von Willebrand factor (vWf, a marker of endothelial damage/dysfunction) in pregnant women with hypertension, when compared to pregnant normotensives and ...
Satué K - - 2011
During pregnancy, the coordinated interaction of the components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a vital role in accommodating the cardiovascular, haemodynamic and haematological needs imposed by foetal development and the placenta. This significantly influences the birth weight of the neonate and foetal viability. Although the evolution of each of ...
Kawachiya Satoshi - - 2011
In a 7-year (2002-2008) retrospective study of a large IVF program based on minimal ovarian stimulation and single ET (47,841 single ETs), monozygotic twinning occurred in 1.01% of 14,956 clinical pregnancies. Blastocyst culture was associated with a significantly increased monozygotic twinning risk (adjusted odds ratio, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.48), ...
Yanagimachi Ryuzo - - 2011
For natural fertilization to occur successfully, millions of spermatozoa must be deposited in the lower end of the female genital tract during mating. Considerably fewer spermatozoa are required for fertilization when spermatozoa are deposited in the upper region of the female tract. The extreme case of assisted fertilization is the ...
Van Landuyt L - - 2011
BACKGROUND In order to optimize blastocyst cryopreservation, vitrification was introduced as the routine procedure instead of slow freezing. The outcome of a closed blastocyst vitrification system was evaluated in relation to the blastocyst score before cryopreservation in single embryo transfers (SETs). METHODS Supernumerary blastocysts of IVF/ICSI patients with a fresh ...
Friedler Shevach - - 2011
This experimental prospective quasi-randomized study examining the impact of a medical clowning encounter after ET after IVF found that the pregnancy rate in the intervention group was 36.4%, compared with 20.2% in the control group (adjusted odds ratio, 2.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.36-5.24). Medical clowning as an adjunct to IVF-ET ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2011
Objective. To measure serum activin A levels together with progesterone and hCG, in women with overt clinical signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and, in gestational age-matched intrauterine pregnancy (IUP). Design. Retrospective case-control study. Setting. Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. ...
Glynn Anders - - 2011
We studied pregnancy-related changes in serum concentrations of five polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, CB 118, CB 138, CB 153, CB 156, CB 180), three hydroxylated PCB metabolites (4-OH-CB107, 4-OH-CB146, 4-OH-CB187), and pentachlorophenol (PCP). Median serum lipid content increased 2-fold between early (weeks 9-13) and late pregnancy (weeks 35-36) (N=10), whereas median ...
Mansouri-Attia N - - 2011
During the bovine peri-implantation period, immune cells are exposed to endocrine and paracrine signals, which support feto-placental development. Recent studies in cattle have shown that the antiviral factor Mx2, known to be up-regulated by conceptus-derived interferon-τ in pregnancy, is detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and can be used ...
Falodun Abiodun - - 2011
Jatropha curcas is a herbal preparation used in the tropics for the treatment of threatened abortion and related problems associated with pregnancy. The Stem bark of Jatropha curcas is used ethno medicinally in Nigeria especially in the eastern part of the country for the treatment of infertility and spontaneous abortion ...
Laskarin Gordana - - 2011
Tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) is physiologically present in secretory phase endometrium, but its presence and possible immunological role in early normal human pregnancy decidua has not received attention. The double labeling of paraffin-embedded early pregnancy decidua sections using B-72.4 anti-TAG-72 mAb and MNF 116 anti-cytokeratin mAb revealed the absence of TAG-72 ...
Celi Pietro - - 2011
The involvement of protein oxidation in embryonic mortality (EM) has been poorly investigated in cows. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are markers of protein oxidation generated by activated neutrophils and involved in inflammation. The aim of this work was to study AOPP in cow plasma and their relationship with late ...
Pope C E - - 2011
For successful application of sperm sorting technology to a particular species, the various assisted reproductive techniques required for in vivo or in vitro embryo production must be established. Previously, we have demonstrated the in vivo developmental competence of cat embryos derived by IVF 1) with presumptive X-chromosome bearing sperm and ...
Baca Castex C - - 2011
Cryopreservation of equine embryos is still not a routine procedure. Pregnancies have been obtained after transfer of vitrified embryos of less than 300μm (Eldridge-Panuska et al. 2005). The aim of this study was to use the cryotop method (Kuwayama, 2007) to obtain pregnancies after transfer of vitrified thawed cooled and ...
Warne David W - - 2011
This retrospective analysis of combined data (one Phase II and three Phase III clinical trials) of patients with oligo- or anovulatory infertility aimed to evaluate the association between pregnancy and midluteal serum progesterone (P4) level following ovulation induction and hence the indicative value of P4 for ovulation and pregnancy achievement. ...
Gambini A - - 2011
Development of cloned equine embryo is still inefficient. The aim of our study was to assess the aggregation of zona-free genetically identical cloned embryos as a strategy to improve in vitro and in vivo development. Oocyte collection, maturation, cloning, and activation procedures were performed as described by (Lagutina et al. ...
Al-Zaher Nabil N - - 2011
We report an observational study on the etiology and recurrence of acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland that seemed to be related to pregnancy. The medical literature has never reported such an association; therefore, our case report is probably the first to mention this observation. This report is of ...
Fenech Michael - - 2011
The micronucleus (MN) assay is increasingly being used to study the association between DNA damage and infertility or pregnancy complications in humans. This review provides a brief overview of the studies published to date. The results of these studies appear to support the plausibility of the following hypotheses: (i) MN ...
Parraguez Víctor H - - 2011
The present study evaluated the hypothesis that the effects of hypoxia on sheep pregnancies at high altitude (HA) are mediated by oxidative stress and that antioxidant vitamins may prevent these effects. Both HA native and newcomer ewes were maintained at an altitude of 3589m during mating and pregnancy. Control low ...
Zhu H S - - 2011
We compared levels of prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) mRNA expression in mouse medulla at different stages of pregnancy and lactation. Mouse medulla samples were collected on days 6, 12 and 18 of pregnancy and lactation, respectively (six per group), for mRNA. Expression levels of PrRP mRNA in the medulla were measured ...
Bollendorf A - - 2011
To compare the efficacy of two treatments for sperm with low hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test scores - intrauterine insemination (IUI) with sperm pretreated with the protein digestive enzyme chymotrypsin versus in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The choice of patient therapy was optional. The pregnancy rates following ...
Sartori R - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate conception rates of fresh or frozen embryos in the morula and blastocyst stages of development when transferred to lactating Holstein cows. During a 365-day period, 213 Day-7 embryos were produced by superovulation in lactating Holstein cows or nulliparous Holstein heifers and transferred ...
Chango Abalo - - 2011
Malaria induced by Plasmodium falciparum is a major cause of mortality. P. falciparum has the ability to use host plasma folate as its primary folate source. Folate is a cofactor needed for both malaria parasite growth and host erythrocyte production. This review examines the possible impairment of the folate-mediated one-carbon ...
Hatzistilianou M - - 2011
It is estimated that approximately 1 percent of babies born per year result from in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and other assisted reproductive technologies. In humans, the exact mechanisms that lead to embryonic attachment to the endometrial epithelium and invasion into the endometrial stroma have not been fully characterized. ...
Colato C - - 2011
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been proposed as an outstanding tool for expanding the dissemination capacity of animals of extreme genetic value, as well as for the genetic resurrection of elite animals affected by incurable disease or that died suddenly. Numbers of outstanding males of meat-specialised breeds of goats ...
Park Y S - - 2011
Research in the area of equine artificial insemination (AI) has led to its increased application in field trials (Loomis and Graham, 2008). However, procedures for equine semen collection, cooling and freezing of semen and artificial insemination need further improvement. This study examined the effect of semen preparation and ovulation on ...
Bordignon V - - 2011
Increased histone acetylation by exposure to inhibitors of deacetylase enzymes has been reported to improve development of embryos produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, the response to such treatment seems to vary according to the species, cell line, and type of inhibitor used. The main objective of this ...
KÄ…tnik-Prastowska Iwona - - 2011
The present paper describes concisely the expression and role of α(1,2)-linked fucose on some glycoconjugates as well as the detection, distribution and potential role of that glycotope on human soluble plasma and cellular fibronectins in addition to the expression on both normal and pathological amniotic fluid and seminal plasma fibronectins. ...
Abdoon A S - - 2011
Despite their economic and cultural importance, dromedary camel is considered as a slow breeding animal, because of the higher incidence of early embryonic death. The present study was designed to investigate: 1) Expression and cloning of progesterone receptors (PR) and oestradiol receptor α (ERα) in CL and endometrium of pregnant ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to describe the rationale, data collection, and proposed analyses for examination of mediators of change in physical activity from pregnancy to postpartum among a cohort of pregnant women. METHOD: The Pregnancy Infection and Nutrition 3 (PIN3) Study enrolled 2006 pregnant women into the ...
Rodrigues P G - - 2011
The aim was to evaluate whether pregnancy rates could be improved by randomly injecting recipient mares with flunixin meglumine (FM; Banamine(®), Schering-Plough, São Paulo, Brazil) on the day of embryo transfer combined or not with long-acting progesterone (P(4)) in commercial embryo transfer programs. One hundred sixty-five Mangalarga Marchador recipient mares ...
González Félix H D - - 2011
The present work aimed to study the behavior of acute phase proteins (haptoglobin, serum amyloid A, acid soluble glycoprotein, fibrinogen, and albumin) in fasting-induced pregnancy toxemia in goats and their relationship with classical indicators of this disorder such as beta-hydroxybutyrate and nonesterified fatty acids in the blood and decreased urine ...
Beta Jarek - - 2011
Progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) may be the mediator of the pregnancy maintenance effects of progesterone. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential value of measuring the maternal serum concentration of PIBF at 11-13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous early preterm delivery. The maternal serum concentration ...
Ranasinghe R M S B K - - 2011
A database of milk progesterone profiles consisting 497 lactations in 3 dairy herds from northern and western regions of Japan was used to identify the characteristics and associated risk factors for prolonged luteal phase (PLP) and its effects on subsequent reproductive performance in high-producing Holstein cows. Milk samples were collected ...
El Hajj N - - 2011
Stochastic, environmentally and/or genetically induced disturbances in the genome-wide epigenetic reprogramming processes during male germ-cell development may contribute to male infertility. To test this hypothesis, we have studied the methylation levels of 2 paternally (H19 and GTL2) and 5 maternally methylated (LIT1, MEST, NESPAS, PEG3, and SNRPN) imprinted genes, as ...
Park Y S - - 2011
In conventional in vitro embryo production, oocytes are obtained from various ovaries, and donor characteristics, such as pedigree type, meat quality, or meat quantity, are not considered. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of pedigree type and meat quality and quantity of slaughterhouse donor cows on ...
Yong H - - 2011
In December 2009, 8 female Himalayan tahrs (Hemitragus jemlahicus) were synchronized by inserting CIDR devices for 13 or 15 days. One day before removal of the CIDRs, a combination of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) 400 IU and hCG 200 IU (PG600(®), Intervet, Boxmeer, the Netherlands) was intramuscularly injected into ...
Kimura K - - 2011
In cattle, a low pregnancy rate directly affects calf and milk production and brings about economic loss to livestock producers. The number of repeat breeder cows in herds decreases the overall pregnancy rate. Therefore, many studies have focused on improving the cows' reproductive performance. On the other hand, it has ...
Silvestre F T - - 2011
The objectives were to evaluate the effects of differential timing of supplementation of different Ca salts (CS) of fatty acids (FA) on FA profiles of cotyledonary-caruncular tissues, metabolic status, uterine health, pregnancy, pregnancy losses after 2 artificial inseminations (AI), and milk yield. Holstein cows (n=1,380) were assigned randomly to be ...
Tessanne K - - 2011
The development of transgenic technology has enormous potential for livestock improvement. Several methods have been employed for generating transgenic livestock to date, the most popular being pronuclear injection or somatic cell nuclear transfer using genetically modified cells. However, the high cost and relatively low efficiencies seen with these methods have ...
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