Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1256
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Lew Betina J - - 2011
Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), an environment-sensing transcription factor, causes profound impairment of mammary gland differentiation during pregnancy. Defects include decreased ductal branching, poorly formed alveolar structures, suppressed expression of milk proteins, and failure to nutritionally support offspring. AHR is activated by numerous environmental toxins, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin ...
Bahna S L - - 2011
Studies on serum IgE levels during pregnancy are limited. To investigate the course of serum total IgE levels during pregnancy and postpartum. 159 pregnant subjects provided 218 serum samples during various stages of pregnancy and the postpartum period. Serum total IgE geometric means were compared at various trimesters and postpartum. ...
Watson Christine J CJ Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QP, UK. - - 2011
Mammary gland development occurs in three distinct stages during the lifetime of the female mammal: in embryonic, pubertal and reproductive life. At each of these developmental stages, different signalling molecules induce changes in both the epithelium and the surrounding stroma. However, it is during pregnancy that the most dramatic changes ...
Arathi H S - - 2011
In this study, I analyzed time-course of embryo abortion, positional bias in seed maturation and maternal costs of seed packaging in Cercis canadensis. While basal embryos experience similar rates of abortion as those in other positions during the first week of development, abortion rates peak during the second week. Head ...
Hirai Kyuya - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine whether changes in response to activated protein C (APC) can be a diagnostic marker of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperium. Methods: The normalized APC sensitivity ratio (sr) was examined in arbitrarily selected healthy Japanese pregnant females and compared with ...
Schreuder Y J - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Lipid disturbances during pregnancy may lead to early onset of metabolic diseases in the offspring. However, there is little knowledge on ethnic differences in lipid levels during pregnancy. We evaluated ethnic differences in non-fasting total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels during early gestation and the role of demographics, behavioural ...
Wilsher S - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: An opportunity to monitor equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) production during 61 pregnancies in 25 Thoroughbred mares mated to the same Thoroughbred stallion was utilised in order to further knowledge regarding factors involved in the production of this hormone. Objectives: To examine the effects of maternal body ...
Wang Bo - - 2011
Citation Wang B, Koga K, Osuga Y, Hirata T, Saito A, Yoshino O, Hirota Y, Harada M, Takemura Y, Fujii T, Taketani Y. High mobility group Box 1 (HMGB1) levels in the placenta and in serum in preeclampsia. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011. Problem Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder characterized ...
Krakowski L - - 2011
The study involved 46 healthy purebred Arabian mares exhibiting regular oestrous cycles that underwent artificial insemination (AI). Pregnancy was detected ultrasonographically (US) in 40 mares. In 15 mares in foal, early embryonic death (EED) was observed during the pregnancy days 14-21. Blood for determinations of serum acute phase proteins (SAA ...
Klein C - - 2011
Establishment of pregnancy is critically dependent upon a precisely orchestrated embryo-maternal interaction leading to a receptive uterine environment. The up-regulation of the interferon-stimulated protein 15 kDa (ISG15) during pregnancy has been described in various species and has been hypothesized to be part of the molecular repertoire that makes the uterus receptive ...
Naseer Z - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare oestrus expression and fertility rate in used and new controlled internal drug releasing (CIDR) device treated anoestrous buffaloes. Furthermore, to determine the timing of ovulation, and fertility rate in estradiol benzoate (EB) and GnRH-administered CIDR-treated anoestrous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In experiment 1, buffaloes ...
Kawamura Kazuhiro - - 2011
Although medical treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy using methotrexate has been established, development of more potent and safer medical treatment is needed due to limited indications and side effects of methotrexate. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signals through its receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) to regulate the growth of malignant trophoblastic, ...
Adachi Itsuki - - 2011
The purposes of the present study were to establish a noninvasive monitoring assay of fecal progestagen measurement to detect pregnancy and to identify the components of fecal progestagens in early, middle and late pregnancy in cheetahs. Feces were collected from 7 female cheetahs and analyzed from 30 days before the ...
Hughes Elizabeth - - 2011
β-Cell mass increases during pregnancy to accommodate for insulin resistance. This increase is mainly due to β-cell proliferation, a process that requires intact prolactin receptor (Prlr) signaling. Signaling molecules that are known to regulate β-cell proliferation include Jak2, Akt, the tumor suppressor menin, and cell cycle proteins. Whether these pathways ...
Yi Fu-Xian FX Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2011
Pregnancy is a time of greatly increased uterine blood flow to meet the needs of the growing fetus. Increased uterine blood flow is also observed in the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle. Simultaneous fura-2 and 4,5-diaminofluoresceine (DAF-2) imaging reveals that cells of the uterine artery endothelium (UA Endo) from ...
Chang Eun Mi - - 2011
To compare the IVF outcomes of vitrification-thawed blastocyst transfer cycles utilizing different endometrial preparation methods. We retrospectively assessed IVF outcomes in 611 patients (648 cycles) who underwent blastocyst frozen embryo transfer (FET) between January 2007 and December 2009. All embryos had been cryopreserved by a vitrification method following a previous ...
Hue-Beauvais Cathy - - 2011
Alterations to the metabolic environment during puberty can impact future lactation efficiency and mammary tumorigenesis. During this study, we used a model of rabbits receiving an obesogenic diet (OD), starting before puberty and extending until mid-pregnancy. Three months later, the body weight of OD animals was significantly higher than that ...
Roberts K A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pre-gravid obesity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and offspring. Recent studies have demonstrated a heightened inflammatory response both systemically and locally within the adipose and placental tissue in women with pre-gravid obesity, which may play a role in mediating the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The ...
Hue-Beauvais Cathy - - 2011
Alterations to the metabolic environment during puberty can impact future lactation efficiency and mammary tumorigenesis. During this study, we used a model of rabbits receiving an obesogenic diet (OD), starting before puberty and extending until mid-pregnancy. Three months later, the body weight of OD animals was significantly higher than that ...
Karthikeyan V J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endothelial damage/dysfunction has been related to hypertension in pregnancy, with implications in pregnancy outcomes. We hypothesised abnormal levels of circulating endothelial cells (CECs), circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) and plasma von Willebrand factor (vWf, a marker of endothelial damage/dysfunction) in pregnant women with hypertension, when compared to pregnant normotensives and ...
Satué K - - 2011
During pregnancy, the coordinated interaction of the components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a vital role in accommodating the cardiovascular, haemodynamic and haematological needs imposed by foetal development and the placenta. This significantly influences the birth weight of the neonate and foetal viability. Although the evolution of each of ...
Kawachiya Satoshi - - 2011
In a 7-year (2002-2008) retrospective study of a large IVF program based on minimal ovarian stimulation and single ET (47,841 single ETs), monozygotic twinning occurred in 1.01% of 14,956 clinical pregnancies. Blastocyst culture was associated with a significantly increased monozygotic twinning risk (adjusted odds ratio, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.48), ...
Yanagimachi Ryuzo - - 2011
For natural fertilization to occur successfully, millions of spermatozoa must be deposited in the lower end of the female genital tract during mating. Considerably fewer spermatozoa are required for fertilization when spermatozoa are deposited in the upper region of the female tract. The extreme case of assisted fertilization is the ...
Van Landuyt L - - 2011
BACKGROUND In order to optimize blastocyst cryopreservation, vitrification was introduced as the routine procedure instead of slow freezing. The outcome of a closed blastocyst vitrification system was evaluated in relation to the blastocyst score before cryopreservation in single embryo transfers (SETs). METHODS Supernumerary blastocysts of IVF/ICSI patients with a fresh ...
Friedler Shevach - - 2011
This experimental prospective quasi-randomized study examining the impact of a medical clowning encounter after ET after IVF found that the pregnancy rate in the intervention group was 36.4%, compared with 20.2% in the control group (adjusted odds ratio, 2.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.36-5.24). Medical clowning as an adjunct to IVF-ET ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2011
Objective. To measure serum activin A levels together with progesterone and hCG, in women with overt clinical signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and, in gestational age-matched intrauterine pregnancy (IUP). Design. Retrospective case-control study. Setting. Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. ...
Glynn Anders - - 2011
We studied pregnancy-related changes in serum concentrations of five polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, CB 118, CB 138, CB 153, CB 156, CB 180), three hydroxylated PCB metabolites (4-OH-CB107, 4-OH-CB146, 4-OH-CB187), and pentachlorophenol (PCP). Median serum lipid content increased 2-fold between early (weeks 9-13) and late pregnancy (weeks 35-36) (N=10), whereas median ...
Zhu H S - - 2011
We compared levels of prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) mRNA expression in mouse medulla at different stages of pregnancy and lactation. Mouse medulla samples were collected on days 6, 12 and 18 of pregnancy and lactation, respectively (six per group), for mRNA. Expression levels of PrRP mRNA in the medulla were measured ...
Makumbi Fredrick E FE School of Public Health, Makerere University, 7072 Kampala, - - 2011
Background. Use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) may be associated with higher pregnancy rates. Methods. The prevalence and incidence of pregnancy was assessed in 712 HIV+ pre-ART women of reproductive age (WRA) (15-45) and 244 HIV+ WRA initiating ART. Prevalence rate ratios (PRR), incidence rate ratios (IRR), and 95% confidence interval ...
Hatzistilianou M - - 2011
It is estimated that approximately 1 percent of babies born per year result from in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and other assisted reproductive technologies. In humans, the exact mechanisms that lead to embryonic attachment to the endometrial epithelium and invasion into the endometrial stroma have not been fully characterized. ...
Celi Pietro - - 2011
The involvement of protein oxidation in embryonic mortality (EM) has been poorly investigated in cows. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are markers of protein oxidation generated by activated neutrophils and involved in inflammation. The aim of this work was to study AOPP in cow plasma and their relationship with late ...
Tao Liu - - 2011
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common pathogen in uterus during pregnancy, which may lead to some serious results such as miscarriage, stillbirth, cerebellar malformation, fetus developmental retardation, but its pathogenesis has not been fully explained. The hypofunction of extravillous cytotrophoblast (EVT) invasion is the essential pathologic base of some ...
Kozdrowski Roland - - 2011
European bison is the largest mammal in Europe with the population of approximately 4000 individuals. However, there is no report of post-mortem spermatozoa collection and cryopreservation from this species and the aim of this study was to test if the epididymal spermatozoa collected post-mortem from European bison are suitable for ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
Pregnancy is a state of increased requirement of macro- and micronutrients, and malnourishment or inadequate dietary intake before and during pregnancy, can lead to adverse perinatal outcomes including stillbirths. Many nutritional interventions have been proposed during pregnancy according to the nutritional status of the mother and baseline risk factors for ...
Abdoon A S - - 2011
Despite their economic and cultural importance, dromedary camel is considered as a slow breeding animal, because of the higher incidence of early embryonic death. The present study was designed to investigate: 1) Expression and cloning of progesterone receptors (PR) and oestradiol receptor α (ERα) in CL and endometrium of pregnant ...
Chango Abalo - - 2011
Malaria induced by Plasmodium falciparum is a major cause of mortality. P. falciparum has the ability to use host plasma folate as its primary folate source. Folate is a cofactor needed for both malaria parasite growth and host erythrocyte production. This review examines the possible impairment of the folate-mediated one-carbon ...
Al-Zaher Nabil N - - 2011
We report an observational study on the etiology and recurrence of acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland that seemed to be related to pregnancy. The medical literature has never reported such an association; therefore, our case report is probably the first to mention this observation. This report is of ...
Falodun Abiodun - - 2011
Jatropha curcas is a herbal preparation used in the tropics for the treatment of threatened abortion and related problems associated with pregnancy. The Stem bark of Jatropha curcas is used ethno medicinally in Nigeria especially in the eastern part of the country for the treatment of infertility and spontaneous abortion ...
Wani Mohammad Saleem MS Department of Urology, Sher-i- Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura Srinagar, Kashmir, J and K, - - 2011
Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage is an acute hemorrhage from the adrenal gland which occurs in the absence of trauma. The incidence of this condition during pregnancy is unknown. We describe a patient with massive unilateral adrenal hemorrhage which occurred during labor. The patient was successfully managed conservatively with complete resolution of ...
Colato C - - 2011
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been proposed as an outstanding tool for expanding the dissemination capacity of animals of extreme genetic value, as well as for the genetic resurrection of elite animals affected by incurable disease or that died suddenly. Numbers of outstanding males of meat-specialised breeds of goats ...
Park Y S - - 2011
Research in the area of equine artificial insemination (AI) has led to its increased application in field trials (Loomis and Graham, 2008). However, procedures for equine semen collection, cooling and freezing of semen and artificial insemination need further improvement. This study examined the effect of semen preparation and ovulation on ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to describe the rationale, data collection, and proposed analyses for examination of mediators of change in physical activity from pregnancy to postpartum among a cohort of pregnant women. METHOD: The Pregnancy Infection and Nutrition 3 (PIN3) Study enrolled 2006 pregnant women into the ...
Mollamahmuto─člu L - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate serum concentrations of troponin I, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and ferritin levels in women with missed abortion and normal pregnancy. The study population consisted of 28 normal pregnancies and 28 pregnancies complicated by missed abortion. In all patients, troponin I, CRP and ...
Murphy Michelle M - - 2011
The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence for and against fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) as a biomarker/risk factor of impaired reproductive function before and during pregnancy. Apart from nutritional and lifestyle factors, tHcy is also influenced by physiological factors specific to pregnancy such as hemodilution, increased ...
Jahromi Abdolreza Sotoodeh - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) in insulin resistance (IR) during normal pregnancy. This cross sectional study was carried out on 86 healthy pregnant women including 26, 23 and 37 individuals in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters, respectively, and in ...
Bordignon V - - 2011
Increased histone acetylation by exposure to inhibitors of deacetylase enzymes has been reported to improve development of embryos produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, the response to such treatment seems to vary according to the species, cell line, and type of inhibitor used. The main objective of this ...
Citrino G - - 2011
To determine the percentage of males with a low hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test score in couples having in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) where the male partner had normal motile densities and no antisperm antibodies. The results were also analyzed according to the percentage of HOS scores < 50% when morphology ...
Gambini A - - 2011
Development of cloned equine embryo is still inefficient. The aim of our study was to assess the aggregation of zona-free genetically identical cloned embryos as a strategy to improve in vitro and in vivo development. Oocyte collection, maturation, cloning, and activation procedures were performed as described by (Lagutina et al. ...
Silvestre F T - - 2011
The objectives were to evaluate the effects of differential timing of supplementation of different Ca salts (CS) of fatty acids (FA) on FA profiles of cotyledonary-caruncular tissues, metabolic status, uterine health, pregnancy, pregnancy losses after 2 artificial inseminations (AI), and milk yield. Holstein cows (n=1,380) were assigned randomly to be ...
Prentice Ann A MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK, and MRC Keneba, Keneba, The - - 2011
Calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone growth and maintenance. Among the bone-forming minerals, dietary calcium supply is close to biological requirements and may be limiting in some parts of the world where there are few rich dietary sources of calcium, particularly for children and women during pregnancy and ...
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