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Donders G G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate a possible link between first-trimester diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis and cessation of pregnancy at < or =20 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Women (n = 228) who received routine prenatal care in Flanders, Belgium, during the first trimester (14 weeks' gestation) and had a ...
Bonvehí J S - - 2000
gamma-Irradiation was investigated as a technique to improve the hygienic quality of cocoa husk. Cocoa husk is a byproduct of cocoa bean processing industry. It contains approximately 57.5% (w/w) dietary fiber (nonstarch polysaccharides plus lignin), 15% (w/w) crude protein, 10.7% (w/w) mineral elements, 2.32% (w/w) cocoa butter, and 2.8% (w/w) ...
Casele H L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in bone density in women receiving enoxaparin sodium during pregnancy. METHODS: Bone density in the proximal femur was serially measured in 16 women receiving enoxaparin sodium (40 mg daily) during pregnancy. Baseline measurements were taken within 2 weeks of starting therapy and then at 6-8 weeks ...
Reichert V - - 2000
We demonstrate here that replacing potassium chloride (KCl) with potassium acetate (KAc) or potassium glutamate (KGlu) routinely enhances the yield of RNA intermediates and products obtained from in vitro splicing reactions performed in HeLa cell nuclear extract. This effect was reproducibly observed with multiple splicing substrates. The enhanced yields are ...
Hassan E - - 2000
New organ-specific functions of angiotensin II have recently been described: the importance of its role in the regulation of secretory epithelial function in many tissues including components of the reproductive tract has been documented. The source of angiotensin II in these tissues is the reproductive tract itself, and there is ...
Young G L - - 2000
Many women experience leg cramps in the second half of pregnancy. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of treatments for leg cramps in pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register. Randomised trials of treatments for leg cramps, persisting for at least two ...
Chen G Q - - 1999
Wild-type and mutant forms of bacteriorhodopsin (sbR) from Halobacterium salinarium, produced by Escherichia coli overexpression of a synthetic gene, were reversibly unfolded in 1, 2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylamino]-2-hydroxyl-1-propane (CHAPSO), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) mixed micelles. To study the effect on protein stability by substitutions on the hydrophobic surface with polar ...
Liversedge N H - - 1999
There is growing evidence that the pathogenic effects of bacterial vaginosis may not be confined to the lower genital tract. Possible associations with infertility and effects on fertilization and implantation were studied in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. High vaginal swabs taken at the time of oocyte collection were ...
Chiba T - - 1999
The effect of phospholipid composition in cholesteryl ester (CE)-micellar substrates on neutral cholesterol esterase (N-CEase) activity was examined. N-CEase preparation was incubated with micelles composed of cholesteryl-[1-14C]-oleate, sodium taurocholate, and phosphatidylcholine (PC)/phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) at varying ratios (%PE:0 = PC only, 17, 33, 50, 66, 83). The activity increased dependently with ...
Al-Bachir M - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gamma irradiation on storability of the two main apple varieties, Golden Delicious and Starking, in Syria. The experiments were performed in 1995 and 1996. Fruits were irradiated with 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 KGy. Irradiated and unirradiated fruits were ...
Maxwell C V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the expression of the three alpha-isoforms of the sodium pump in preeclampsia. Reductions in sodium pump number and activity in smooth muscle may underlie hypertension in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Northern and Western analyses were used to determine whether sodium pump alpha-isoform regulation in myometrium, placenta, and ...
Nakamura T - - 1998
Vibrio alginolyticus contained two adjacent genes, ktrA and ktrB, which encode a new type of bacterial K(+)-uptake system. KtrA and KtrB are peripheral and integral membrane proteins, respectively. Six of the nine sequenced bacterial genomes contain homologs to both ktrA and ktrB, suggesting that KtrAB is widespread.
Langer B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the circulation during the three trimesters of normal pregnancy and in women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Normal pregnant volunteers (n = 7) were studied throughout pregnancy, and women with preeclampsia (n = 8) were studied in the third trimester. Plasma active ...
Ezimokhai M - - 1998
The study tested the hypothesis that the reduced [Na+]e and hypo-osmolality of normal pregnancy are causally linked to the attenuation of vascular smooth muscle reactivity in vitro. Aortic rings from nonpregnant female rats were incubated in physiological medium containing 114 mM NaCl/l and the contractile responses to phenylephrine, KCl and ...
Broughton Pipkin F - - 1997
Studies in anesthetized animals suggest that angiotensin II evokes a depressor as well as a pressor effect, which becomes evident on cessation of infusion. We have studied 18 nonpregnant and 8, 23, and 22 women in the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy to determine whether such an effect ...
Azzazy H M - - 1997
Performance characteristics of the Abbott nonpretreatment AxSYM Digoxin II assay were evaluated for quantification of digoxin at four independent sites. Correlation of digoxin measurements with the Abbott pretreatment AxSYM, Baxter Stratus II, Abbott TDx/ TDxFLx II, Abbott IMx, Emit 2000, and Beckman Synchron CX digoxin assays showed acceptable agreement, as ...
Hu S H - - 1997
Houttuynin sodium bisulphate (HSB), alpha hydroxyl-capryl-ethyl-sodium-sulphonate, is a product formed by reacting sodium bisulphate with houttuynin, which is obtained from a medicinal herb Houttuynia cordata Thunb. From HBS an aqueous intramammary solution was made for the treatment of bovine clinical mastitis. A total of 104 acute and subacute mastitis cases ...
Jarrett P - - 1997
A patient developed toxic epidermal necrolysis while on carbamazepine, 80% of her skin surface being involved. She also developed a pancytopenia with a neutropenia of 0.77 x 10(9)/l (normal range 2-7.5 x 10(9)/l), but was treated with cyclosporin and granulocyte colony stimulating factor and made a full recovery.
van der Post J A - - 1997
Neurohypophysial hormones are thought to be involved in alterations in fluid balance during pregnancy and delivery. In the course of normal pregnancy intravascular volume is increased whereas sodium restriction is thought to reduce plasma volume and cardiac output. In the present study, we measured the effect of long-term severe sodium ...
Yoshimura T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether the pressor response to an infusion of angiotensin II during pregnancy would be reduced by the oral administration of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester (EPA-E). METHODS: We administered EPA-E orally to nine pregnant rabbits (200 mg/kg/day) from day 5 of gestation to day ...
Erdo─čan D - - 1996
In this study, fetal joint abnormalities caused by cytosine arabinoside, caffeine, sodium salicylate, and retinyl acetate administration during pregnancy, were investigated. In the cytosine-arabinoside-administered group, complete disappearance of joint spaces in the forelimbs, and narrowing or complete disappearance of joint spaces in the hindlimbs was highly noticeable. In the caffeine ...
Tresham J J - - 1996
Reduced pressor responsiveness to angiotensin II (Ang II) during pregnancy and sodium depletion is a well-known but little understood phenomenon; whether the same mechanisms are involved in both situations is unclear. In pregnant humans, altered vascular reactivity to norepinephrine (NE) has also been demonstrated. Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated ...
Lumbers E R - - 1995
1. From studies in chronically catheterized fetal sheep and other species, it can be shown that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is active during intra-uterine life. Levels of angiotensin II (AII) in fetal sheep are similar to maternal. 2. The fetal RAS plays a role in maintenance of arterial pressure. The ...
Ikewaki K - - 1995
HDLs are heterogeneous in their apolipoprotein composition. Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and apoA-II are the major proteins found in HDL and form the two major HDL subclasses: those that contain only apoA-I (LpA-I) and those that contain both apoA-I and apoA-II (LpA-I:A-II). Substantial evidence indicates that these two subclasses differ in ...
Okamoto T - - 1995
The water and electrolyte balance was studied in 31 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 22 with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) who underwent staged surgery involving colectomy and ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis (IAA), preoperatively, after terminal ileostomy, after high ileostomy, and after ileostomy closure. Serum electrolytes did not differ between ...
Janicka L - - 1995
We have investigated the effect of intraperitoneal gentamicin on dialysis efficiency in 10 intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) patients. The following parameters were measured: net ultrafiltration (UF); concentration ratios (D/P) of urea, creatinine, potassium; peritoneal clearances (ml/min) of urea, creatinine, potassium; mass transfer of sodium (MTNa); sodium sieving index (SCNa). It ...
Atherton J C - - 1994
Pregnancy in the rat is accompanied by enhanced reabsorption of salt and water throughout most, if not all, of the gestational period. Many mechanisms have been suggested but definitive answers are still awaited. The major area of controversy centres around the detection of changes at term. There is general agreement ...
Li L - - 1994
Recent micropuncture studies showed the existence of high concentrations of angiotensin II (ANG II) in proximal tubular fluid. In the present study, we have examined the effect of luminal ANG II, alone and in combination with peritubular ANG II, on fluid transport (JV) in the isolated perfused rabbit proximal convoluted ...
Bolton L M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to describe the alterations in erythrocyte sodium pump kinetics and sodium content occurring during the puerperium. STUDY DESIGN: Twelve healthy primigravid women were studied serially from late pregnancy until 20 weeks after delivery. Erythrocyte sodium pump rate constant, maximum velocity, and sodium affinity were calculated from ...
Boyle M B - - 1994
The mechanisms responsible for the onset of vigorous contractile activity in uterine muscle at the time of parturition, reversing the obligatory quiescence of pregnancy, remain poorly understood. We here describe the expression in myometrium from human and from timed-pregnant rats of an mRNA species encoding a voltage-sensitive sodium channel. The ...
Marmor A - - 1993
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: In a previous study, intrauterine injection of meglumine-sodium diatrizoate (high osmolar contrast media) during hysterosalpingography was found to induce lengthening of the QTc interval on electrocardiography. To evaluate the relationship between high osmolality and electrocardiographic changes during intrauterine injection, the authors evaluated the effect on QTc of ...
Didden M A - - 1993
To elucidate the physiology of active sodium transport (expressed as erythrocytic ouabian-sensitive sodium efflux rate constant = ERCos) in pregnancy and the influence of dietary sodium intake on that transport, active sodium transport was measured in 52 healthy pregnant women in week 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36 or week ...
Quillen E W EW - - 1992
To determine the effects of long-term changes in sodium intake on mean arterial pressure (MAP) regulation during pregnancy, nonpregnant (n = 16) and 110- to 140-day pregnant (n = 13) ewes received total daily sodium intakes of 10, 30, 100, 400, and 1,200 mmol for 7 days. The sheep were ...
MacPhail S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine if erythrocyte sodium pump function is altered with the onset of pregnancy induced hypertension. DESIGN: A prospective descriptive study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two primigravid women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (17 had proteinuria) and 32 gestation-matched normotensive primigravid pregnant women were studied and measurements repeated 20 weeks after delivery. INTERVENTION: Erythrocyte ...
McInnes C - - 1992
The ability of low-frequency (200 Hz) acoustic energy to reduce the adherence of Actinomyces viscosus T14V to saliva-treated hydroxyapatite (SHA) disks was studied. An acoustic pressure range between 0 and 65 kPa and exposure durations between 0 and 8 min were used to study the levels necessary to significantly alter ...
Duckworth R M - - 1992
The aims of this work were (a) to assess the oral bioavailability of fluoride delivered from dentifrices and (b) to test for a possible link between the results and clinical data obtained with the same dentifrices. Oral fluoride concentrations were measured in samples of saliva and plaque taken from seven ...
Bloomfield S F - - 1992
Solutions of chlorine-releasing agents (CRAs) show varying activity against Bacillus subtilis spores; sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) shows higher activity than sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) which is more active than chloramine-T. Investigations with coat- and cortex-extracted spores indicate that resistance to CRAs depends not only on the spore coat but also the cortex. ...
Rutherford P A - - 1992
Erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport activity is increased in a subgroup of patients with essential hypertension but activity also rises temporarily during normal pregnancy. It is not known if the mechanism of raised activity is the same in both of these situations. Standard sodium-lithium countertransport activity and its kinetic characteristics (sodium affinity ...
Steegers E A - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To study the possible pathophysiological implications of long continued dietary sodium restriction in pregnancy. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective randomized study of the effects of a low sodium diet compared with unrestricted sodium intake in pregnancy. SETTING: Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Sint Radboud Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS: ...
Caplain H - - 1991
A single blind placebo controlled, cross-over study comparing a new microencapsulated potassium chloride tablet (MET) with two reference formulations of oral potassium, potassium chloride solution (PS) and potassium chloride wax-matrix tablets (WMT), was performed in 12 normal healthy volunteers. Urinary potassium excretion was the main criterion of comparison. Results showed ...
Frankmann S P - - 1991
Following recovery from experimental sodium depletion, both the need-free and the future need-induced NaCl intakes of the rat are increased. The present experiments asked whether a naturally occurring episode of sodium need, pregnancy and lactation, would also enhance NaCl intake. The daily 0.3 M NaCl intake of Long-Evans rats increased ...
Schrier R W - - 1991
Primary peripheral arterial vasodilation with relative underfilling of the arterial circulation occurs in early pregnancy and leads to several consequences, including decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressures, enhanced cardiac output secondary to afterload reduction, stimulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis, nonosmotic stimulation of thirst and vasopressin release, and renal sodium and ...
Eschenbacher W L - - 1991
Although it is recognized that inhalation of acid aerosols by subjects with asthma can cause bronchoconstriction, the effects of the inhalation of an alkaline aerosol are unknown. When supplemental inflatable restraints (automobile air bags) are deployed an alkaline aerosol is released. This aerosol is composed of particles of sodium carbonate ...
Kram H B - - 1991
In the present in vitro study, we investigated the duration of action and antibacterial effects of nonautologous fibrin glue (FG) combined with antibiotics (Abs) including Ciprofloxacin, Teicoplanin, Cefoxitin, and Gentamicin; the effect of FG alone on bacterial growth was also evaluated. The rate of Ab diffusion from combined FG-Ab clots ...
Miyasaki K T - - 1990
Neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) adsorbs to bacteria as a pre-requisite for killing by the MPO/hydrogen-peroxide/chloride system. Three chromatographically distinct isoforms of MPO (MPO I, MPO II, and MPO III) have been isolated from human neutrophils. The purpose of this study was to determine whether oral bacteria--including Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Capnocytophaga sputigena, Haemophilus ...
Braga P C - - 1990
The topical tolerability of an intranasal salmon calcitonin spray preparation, of the excipients alone and of sodium taurocholate has been studied by assessment of the mucociliary transport velocity (MTV) on the frog's palate. The rate of mucus transport was investigated in 3 groups of animals (Rana esculenta; 6 frogs per ...
Poston L - - 1990
In blacks and whites of similar socioeconomic background, the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is probably the same. In underdeveloped countries, however. PIH is often a life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Recent theories as to the etiology of PIH include the suggestion that vascular tone may be increased as a result ...
Nicolaidis S - - 1990
The propensity to prefer and to consume salty foods varies considerably from person to person, and excessive salt intake has been linked to a number of pathological conditions. Extracellular dehydration occurs in humans after vomiting or diarrhea and is commonly observed during pregnancy. Because the hormonal responses to extracellular dehydration ...
Hines T - - 1989
It is known that the pressor response to intravenous angiotensin II (ANG II) is blunted in pregnancy. In the present study we examined the pressor response to intracerebroventricular ANG II to determine whether central ANG II effects are also attenuated in conscious pregnant rats. Two to three days before experimentation, ...
Stratta P - - 1989
The possibility of evaluating the ratio between aldosterone and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) instead of the two hormones by themselves in studying sodium handling in normal pregnancy and in preeclampsia in the steady state and following albumin infusion was examined in this study. In 32 normal pregnancies monitored monthly, the ...
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