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Schlapbach L J - - 2006
A 2-month-old infant with hereditary hyperekplexia, umbilical and bilateral inguinal hernias and history of poor feeding was noted to have severe normotensive metabolic alkalosis: sodium 132 mmol/L, potassium 3.4 mmol/L, chloride 77 mmol/L, pH 7.55, carbon dioxide tension 56.3 mmHg and bicarbonate 48.0 mmol/L. After parenteral rehydration and treatment with ...
O'Connor Niall - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is often associated with significant cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity. Effective treatment includes the use of appropriate gastric decontamination techniques, the administration of sodium bicarbonate, and meticulous supportive care. Tricylcic antidepressant toxicity typically lasts 24-48 hours following a significant overdose. CASE REPORT: We describe a ...
Huang C R - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the transport characteristics and mechanisms for discovering the possible causes of the low bioavailability of astragaloside IV and to develop an absorption enhancement strategy. Caco-2 cells used as the in vitro model. Results showed a low permeability coefficient (3.7 x 10(-8)cm/s for ...
Reid Gregor - - 2005
Recently, several of my pregnant patients have asked me about using probiotics during pregnancy. Is there any evidence that these innocuous bacteria work effectively? An increasing body of evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for treating bacterial vaginosis and allergic reactions. Most probiotics available in Canada, however, are of dubious ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium and water conservation and an increase in plasma volume that is required for an uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) is significantly decreased in pregnant rats. This decrease in RIHP may play an important role in the sodium and water retention that ...
Abrankó László - - 2005
The degradation behaviour of methylmercury (MeHg) under microwave irradiation is investigated, as is the (different) degradation behaviour of ethylmercury (EtHg) under similar irradiation. A simple and highly sensitive SPME-GC-pyrolysis-AFS system was used to analyse the aqueous MeHg and EtHg standard solutions after derivatization with sodium tetraphenylborate (NaBPh(4)). Samples were irradiated ...
Huang Mei - - 2005
Bacterial vaginosis is the most prevalent disease of the female genital tract. In spite of various effective antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, its high relapse rate is a common problem. Bacterial species causing bacterial vaginosis are generally unable to be cultured by conventional methods. It is impractical and ...
OZEGBE, P.C.
One billion erythrocytes lysate samples obtained from pregnant (28-day old) and non-pregnant groups or New Zealand white Chinchilla rabbits (eight rabbits per group) were analysed to determine the influence of pregnancy on the profile of some of the intracellular electrolytes, enzymes, lipids, proteins and rnetabolites. The intracellular concentrations of sodium ...
Kochli A - - 2005
Salt appetite was investigated in 14 patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia of the salt-wasting form (SW group), 12 patients with the simple virilized form who are not salt losing, and 18 healthy siblings. Salt appetite was evaluated by questionnaire, preference tests, and dietary analyses. The findings showed that SW who ...
Bozer Mikdat - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) has been used widely in oncologic practice. Hyperthermia is known to decrease the interstitial pressure. Also intraperitoneal hyperthermia may alter the intestinal mucosal barrier and the intestinal bacterial flora. These changes may lead to bacterial translocation (BT). To the best of our knowledge, there is ...
Bentley-Lewis Rhonda R Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2005
During normal pregnancy, studies have shown increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and a dissociation of plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone (Aldo) evidenced by a greater increase in Aldo relative to PRA. The aims of this study were to examine the RAAS response to stimulation by upright posture ...
Vlcková V - - 2004
Antimutagenic, anticlastogenic, and bioprotective effect of polysaccharide glucomannan (GM) isolated from Candida utilis was evaluated in four model test systems. The antimutagenic effect of GM against 9-aminoacridine (9-AA)- and sodium azide (NaN3)-induced mutagenicity was revealed in the Salmonella typhimurium strains TA97 and TA100, respectively. GM showed anticlastogenic effect against N-nitroso-N'-methylurea ...
Murthy S Narasimha - - 2004
The objective of the experiment was to study the influence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on transdermal transport of diffusants by electroporation. The resistance of porcine epidermis in contact with SDS solution (0.2% w/v) dropped by 40% within 24 h. SDS improved the efficiency of transdermal delivery of glucose, dextrans ...
Murphy R Y - - 2004
The effect of sodium lactate on thermal inactivation D- and z-values of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella was determined for chicken thigh and leg meat. At 55 to 70 degrees C, the D-value of L. monocytogenes in ground chicken thigh and leg meat with the addition of 4.8% sodium lactate (4.8 ...
Prabhu R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress can lead to bacterial translocation from the intestine into systemic circulation. Adherence of bacteria onto the glycoconjugates of the brush border membrane (BBM) and surfactant coat (SLP) of the mucosal cells is the first step in the translocation of luminal bacteria. Our earlier study showed that surgical ...
Siu K L - - 2004
We describe a case of severe pulmonary hypertension and transient right-sided hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a neonate, caused by premature closure of ductus arteriosus after short-term maternal use of diclofenac sodium (Voltaren). In view of this associated complication, diclofenac sodium should be avoided during pregnancy. In addition, maternal diclofenac sodium ingestion ...
Hay Phillip E - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize current knowledge about the relationship between bacterial vaginosis and miscarriage. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies investigating the relationship between bacterial vaginosis and infertility, implantation and early pregnancy loss have produced conflicting results. One study demonstrated a beneficial effect of colonization with hydrogen peroxide producing ...
Tabata A - - 2004
2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane or Bisphenol A (BPA), has been reported to behave as an endocrine disrupter below acute toxic levels, and is widely present in the water environment. Although BPA is easily chlorinated, very little is reported on the effect of chlorinated BPA to the aquatic organisms. In this study, ...
Kössi J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Both sodium phosphate (NaP) and polyethylene glycol-electrolyte (PEG-EL) have been used to cleanse the bowel prior to colonoscopy, and recent reviews suggest that the former is the more effective and convenient cleansing regimen. The aim of this study was to compare the bowel cleansing effect of NaP solution with ...
Bhushan Brij - - 2003
Free radicals in two cultivars of Indian monsooned coffee beans, gamma-irradiated for hygienic and quarantine purposes, were examined by entrapping the small amount of samples in potassium chloride powder in ESR quartz tubes. In contrast to a prominent free radical signal at g = 2.002, observed in spermoderm (silver skin) ...
Drusch S - - 2003
This review gives an overview of the presence of mycotoxins in fruits. Although several mycotoxins occur in nature, very few (aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, Alternaria toxins) are regularly found in fruits. It has been shown that the presence of fungi on fruits is not necessarily associated with mycotoxin contamination. The ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2003
Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium conservation and increase in plasma volume, yet the natriuretic response to acute saline volume expansion (VE) is intact in pregnant rats. Nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to play a role in renal and cardiovascular adaptations to normal pregnancy. The objective of this study ...
Haineault Caroline - - 2003
The contraceptive properties of a gel formulation containing sodium lauryl sulfate were investigated in both in vitro and in vivo models. Results showed that sodium lauryl sulfate inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, the activity of sheep testicular hyaluronidase. Sodium lauryl sulfate also completely inhibited human sperm motility as evaluated by ...
Beaujean R - - 2002
The dosimetry telescope (DOSTEL) was flown on the MIR orbital station during October 1997-January 1998. The mission average contributions to the absorbed dose rates (in water) were 126 +/- 4 microGy/d and 121 +/- 13 microGy/d for the GCR and the SAA component, respectively. The mean quality factors (ICRP60) deduced ...
Ahn Hyun-Joo - - 2002
Residual nitrite and N-nitrosamine levels were monitored on irradiated emulsion-type cooked pork sausage in aerobic or vacuum packaging states during storage. The sausage was irradiated at 0, 5, 10, and 20 kGy and stored at 4 degrees C for 4 weeks. The residual nitrite levels were significantly reduced by gamma ...
Larom David - - 2002
Animal communication is affected by a multitude of environmental factors including meteorological conditions, ground reflection, turbulence, and vegetative attenuation. Evolutionary and behavioral adaptations by animals to these challenges include elephant use of infrasound optimized for long-distance propagation. These adaptations in turn influence the perceptual sphere, or Umwelt, of calling animals.
Sevcikova Beatrica - - 2002
The alternative sigma factor sigmaH has been shown to play an important role in stress response and morphological differentiation in Streptomyces coelicolor. Its gene, sigH, is located in an operon with the gene encoding proposed anti-sigma factor UshX, and one of the promoters directing expression of the operon is dependent ...
Fang Jia-You - - 2002
The effect of iontophoresis combined with treatment of other physical enhancement methods such as electroporation, low frequency ultrasound, and erbium:YAG (yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser on the transdermal delivery of sodium nonivamide acetate (SNA) was examined in this present study. Iontophoresis increased the transdermal flux of SNA in vitro as compared to the ...
Hillhouse E W - - 2001
The mechanism of human labour remains unresolved. One of the most important regulatory signals, however, appears to be corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), a hypothalamic peptide that controls the body's response to stress, which is also produced by the placenta and intrauterine tissues during pregnancy. CRH belongs to a family of peptides ...
Stekelenburg F K - - 2001
Cooked cured ham products were produced according to a standard recipe for cooked ham with various levels of sodium lactate, sodium diacetate or buffered sodium citrate. They were compared with a reference ham product with respect to sensory quality and growth of Lactobacillus curvatus and Listeria monocytogenes. For this, a ...
Delemarre F M - - 2001
The classic indication for prescribing dietary sodium restriction in pregnancy has been the prevention of eclampsia. We describe a case of intrapartum eclampsia in a 24-year-old nulliparous woman. A strongly sodium restricted diet was prescribed because of pre-eclampsia. Compliance to the diet was checked with 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. This ...
An G H - - 2001
The carotenoid-hyperproducing mutant 2A2N of the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (Phaffia rhodozyma) was cultivated using sugar beet blackstrap molasses. This molasses was composed of 70% (w/v) total solid and 50% (w/v) total sugar. Biomass yield (biomass/carbohydrate) significantly decreased at >5% (v/v) molasses. Atomic emission spectrometry revealed that Na and P were ...
Delemarre F M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Dietary sodium restriction results in activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system. In the non-pregnant situation renin release in response to a low sodium diet is mediated by prostaglandins. We studied the effect of dietary sodium restriction on urinary prostaglandin metabolism in pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized, longitudinal study the ...
Comazzi S - - 2000
An 11-year-old female crossbred dog showed signs of polyuria, polydipsia, vomiting, posterior weakness and ataxia. Clinical and laboratory findings suggested the diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. The haematological values shown over a six-month period are presented. In four samples some aspects of erythrocyte function (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [G6PD] and pyruvate kinase [PK] ...
Donders G G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate a possible link between first-trimester diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis and cessation of pregnancy at < or =20 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Women (n = 228) who received routine prenatal care in Flanders, Belgium, during the first trimester (14 weeks' gestation) and had a ...
Bonvehí J S - - 2000
gamma-Irradiation was investigated as a technique to improve the hygienic quality of cocoa husk. Cocoa husk is a byproduct of cocoa bean processing industry. It contains approximately 57.5% (w/w) dietary fiber (nonstarch polysaccharides plus lignin), 15% (w/w) crude protein, 10.7% (w/w) mineral elements, 2.32% (w/w) cocoa butter, and 2.8% (w/w) ...
Casele H L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in bone density in women receiving enoxaparin sodium during pregnancy. METHODS: Bone density in the proximal femur was serially measured in 16 women receiving enoxaparin sodium (40 mg daily) during pregnancy. Baseline measurements were taken within 2 weeks of starting therapy and then at 6-8 weeks ...
Reichert V - - 2000
We demonstrate here that replacing potassium chloride (KCl) with potassium acetate (KAc) or potassium glutamate (KGlu) routinely enhances the yield of RNA intermediates and products obtained from in vitro splicing reactions performed in HeLa cell nuclear extract. This effect was reproducibly observed with multiple splicing substrates. The enhanced yields are ...
Hassan E - - 2000
New organ-specific functions of angiotensin II have recently been described: the importance of its role in the regulation of secretory epithelial function in many tissues including components of the reproductive tract has been documented. The source of angiotensin II in these tissues is the reproductive tract itself, and there is ...
Young G L - - 2000
Many women experience leg cramps in the second half of pregnancy. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of treatments for leg cramps in pregnancy. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register. Randomised trials of treatments for leg cramps, persisting for at least two ...
Chen G Q - - 1999
Wild-type and mutant forms of bacteriorhodopsin (sbR) from Halobacterium salinarium, produced by Escherichia coli overexpression of a synthetic gene, were reversibly unfolded in 1, 2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylamino]-2-hydroxyl-1-propane (CHAPSO), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) mixed micelles. To study the effect on protein stability by substitutions on the hydrophobic surface with polar ...
Liversedge N H - - 1999
There is growing evidence that the pathogenic effects of bacterial vaginosis may not be confined to the lower genital tract. Possible associations with infertility and effects on fertilization and implantation were studied in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. High vaginal swabs taken at the time of oocyte collection were ...
Chiba T - - 1999
The effect of phospholipid composition in cholesteryl ester (CE)-micellar substrates on neutral cholesterol esterase (N-CEase) activity was examined. N-CEase preparation was incubated with micelles composed of cholesteryl-[1-14C]-oleate, sodium taurocholate, and phosphatidylcholine (PC)/phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) at varying ratios (%PE:0 = PC only, 17, 33, 50, 66, 83). The activity increased dependently with ...
Al-Bachir M - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gamma irradiation on storability of the two main apple varieties, Golden Delicious and Starking, in Syria. The experiments were performed in 1995 and 1996. Fruits were irradiated with 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 KGy. Irradiated and unirradiated fruits were ...
Maxwell C V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the expression of the three alpha-isoforms of the sodium pump in preeclampsia. Reductions in sodium pump number and activity in smooth muscle may underlie hypertension in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Northern and Western analyses were used to determine whether sodium pump alpha-isoform regulation in myometrium, placenta, and ...
Nakamura T - - 1998
Vibrio alginolyticus contained two adjacent genes, ktrA and ktrB, which encode a new type of bacterial K(+)-uptake system. KtrA and KtrB are peripheral and integral membrane proteins, respectively. Six of the nine sequenced bacterial genomes contain homologs to both ktrA and ktrB, suggesting that KtrAB is widespread.
Langer B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the circulation during the three trimesters of normal pregnancy and in women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Normal pregnant volunteers (n = 7) were studied throughout pregnancy, and women with preeclampsia (n = 8) were studied in the third trimester. Plasma active ...
Ezimokhai M - - 1998
The study tested the hypothesis that the reduced [Na+]e and hypo-osmolality of normal pregnancy are causally linked to the attenuation of vascular smooth muscle reactivity in vitro. Aortic rings from nonpregnant female rats were incubated in physiological medium containing 114 mM NaCl/l and the contractile responses to phenylephrine, KCl and ...
Broughton Pipkin F - - 1997
Studies in anesthetized animals suggest that angiotensin II evokes a depressor as well as a pressor effect, which becomes evident on cessation of infusion. We have studied 18 nonpregnant and 8, 23, and 22 women in the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy to determine whether such an effect ...
Azzazy H M - - 1997
Performance characteristics of the Abbott nonpretreatment AxSYM Digoxin II assay were evaluated for quantification of digoxin at four independent sites. Correlation of digoxin measurements with the Abbott pretreatment AxSYM, Baxter Stratus II, Abbott TDx/ TDxFLx II, Abbott IMx, Emit 2000, and Beckman Synchron CX digoxin assays showed acceptable agreement, as ...
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