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Santic Marina - - 2008
The Francisella tularensis-containing phagosome (FCP) matures to a late-endosome-like phagosome prior to bacterial escape into the cytosols of macrophages, where bacterial proliferation occurs. Our data show that within the first 15 min after infection of primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (hMDMs), approximately 90% of the FCPs acquire the proton vacuolar ATPase ...
Yachimski Patrick - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The most common significant adverse event after photodynamic therapy (PDT) with porfimer sodium is esophageal stricture formation. This study assessed whether pretreatment variables, including prior endoscopic therapy for Barrett's esophagus, are associated with post-PDT stricturing. METHODS: Data from all patients who had undergone PDT with porfimer sodium ...
Tian Guo-Qiang - - 2008
{[2-(Arylmethylene)cyclopropyl]methyl}(phenyl)sulfanes and {[2-(arylmethylene)cyclopropyl]methyl}(phenyl)selanes, generated in situ from 2-(arylmethylene)cyclopropylcarbinols with sodium benzenethiolate and sodium benzeneselenolate, could undergo rearrangement upon heating to afford (2-arylmethylidenebut-3-enyl)(phenyl)sulfanes and (2-arylmethylidenebut-3-enyl)(phenyl)selanes, in good to excellent yields as mixtures of E- and Z-isomers, respectively. A radical rearrangement was proposed on the basis of control experiments for this process.
van der Plas Mariena J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Lucilia sericata maggots are successfully used for treating chronic wounds. As the healing process in these wounds is complicated by bacteria, particularly when residing in biofilms that protect them from antibiotics and the immune system, we assessed the effects of maggot excretions/secretions (ES) on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
Westbury C B - - 2007
Chronic tissue hypoxia may play a role in the pathogenesis of late radiation fibrosis. In order to investigate this hypothesis, the immunohistochemical distribution of pimonidazole hydrochloride (n = 14 patients) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) (n = 38 patients) was studied in samples of previously irradiated normal human tissue. One ...
Daubert Daisy L - - 2007
The present study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) contributes to impaired baroreflex gain of pregnancy and that this action is enhanced by angiotensin II. To test these hypotheses, we quantified baroreflex control of heart rate in nonpregnant and pregnant conscious rabbits before and after: 1) blockade of NO ...
Liu Yangsheng - - 2007
Traditional pollution control technologies are able to capture oxidized forms of mercury to some extent; however, they show low efficiency for the control of elemental mercury emissions. This study developed a novel mercury removal technology: injection of sodium tetrasulfide (Na2S4) dissolved in the sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution in the spray-dryer ...
Dussol Bertrand - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In a previous work, we evidenced that artificial neural networks (ANNs) were more informative than classical statistical analyses for assessing the risk of idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis in male stone-formers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compared risk factors for idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis (age, body mass index, calcemia, calcium oxalate supersaturation, and ...
Lopes F A - - 2006
AIMS: To study the influence of some metallic elements of stainless steel 304 (SS 304) on the development and activity of a sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilm, using as comparison a reference nonmetallic material polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Desulfovibrio desulfuricans biofilms were developed on SS 304 and on a reference nonmetallic ...
Vance Carlos J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Other investigators have shown that reductions in active sodium pump units increase uterine contractility. Therefore, our goal was to determine whether uterine sodium pump abundance is decreased in mouse models of term and preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: Mice were studied during the final one-third of pregnancy. Other pregnant mice ...
Romero Jaime - - 2006
In this study, we used a 16S rDNA-based approach to determine bacterial populations associated with coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in its early life stages, highlighting dominant bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract during growth in freshwater. The present article is the first molecular analysis of bacterial communities of coho salmon. Cultivability ...
Zielhuis S W - - 2006
Radioactive holmium-166 loaded poly(l-lactic acid) microspheres are promising systems for the treatment of liver malignancies. These microspheres are loaded with holmium acetylacetonate (HoAcAc) and prepared by a solvent evaporation method using chloroform. After preparation the microspheres (Ho-PLLA-MS) are activated by neutron irradiation in a nuclear reactor. It was observed that ...
Schlapbach L J - - 2006
A 2-month-old infant with hereditary hyperekplexia, umbilical and bilateral inguinal hernias and history of poor feeding was noted to have severe normotensive metabolic alkalosis: sodium 132 mmol/L, potassium 3.4 mmol/L, chloride 77 mmol/L, pH 7.55, carbon dioxide tension 56.3 mmHg and bicarbonate 48.0 mmol/L. After parenteral rehydration and treatment with ...
O'Connor Niall - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is often associated with significant cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity. Effective treatment includes the use of appropriate gastric decontamination techniques, the administration of sodium bicarbonate, and meticulous supportive care. Tricylcic antidepressant toxicity typically lasts 24-48 hours following a significant overdose. CASE REPORT: We describe a ...
Huang C R - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the transport characteristics and mechanisms for discovering the possible causes of the low bioavailability of astragaloside IV and to develop an absorption enhancement strategy. Caco-2 cells used as the in vitro model. Results showed a low permeability coefficient (3.7 x 10(-8)cm/s for ...
Reid Gregor - - 2005
Recently, several of my pregnant patients have asked me about using probiotics during pregnancy. Is there any evidence that these innocuous bacteria work effectively? An increasing body of evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for treating bacterial vaginosis and allergic reactions. Most probiotics available in Canada, however, are of dubious ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium and water conservation and an increase in plasma volume that is required for an uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) is significantly decreased in pregnant rats. This decrease in RIHP may play an important role in the sodium and water retention that ...
Abrankó László - - 2005
The degradation behaviour of methylmercury (MeHg) under microwave irradiation is investigated, as is the (different) degradation behaviour of ethylmercury (EtHg) under similar irradiation. A simple and highly sensitive SPME-GC-pyrolysis-AFS system was used to analyse the aqueous MeHg and EtHg standard solutions after derivatization with sodium tetraphenylborate (NaBPh(4)). Samples were irradiated ...
Huang Mei - - 2005
Bacterial vaginosis is the most prevalent disease of the female genital tract. In spite of various effective antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, its high relapse rate is a common problem. Bacterial species causing bacterial vaginosis are generally unable to be cultured by conventional methods. It is impractical and ...
OZEGBE, P.C.
One billion erythrocytes lysate samples obtained from pregnant (28-day old) and non-pregnant groups or New Zealand white Chinchilla rabbits (eight rabbits per group) were analysed to determine the influence of pregnancy on the profile of some of the intracellular electrolytes, enzymes, lipids, proteins and rnetabolites. The intracellular concentrations of sodium ...
Kochli A - - 2005
Salt appetite was investigated in 14 patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia of the salt-wasting form (SW group), 12 patients with the simple virilized form who are not salt losing, and 18 healthy siblings. Salt appetite was evaluated by questionnaire, preference tests, and dietary analyses. The findings showed that SW who ...
Bozer Mikdat - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) has been used widely in oncologic practice. Hyperthermia is known to decrease the interstitial pressure. Also intraperitoneal hyperthermia may alter the intestinal mucosal barrier and the intestinal bacterial flora. These changes may lead to bacterial translocation (BT). To the best of our knowledge, there is ...
Bentley-Lewis Rhonda R Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2005
During normal pregnancy, studies have shown increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and a dissociation of plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone (Aldo) evidenced by a greater increase in Aldo relative to PRA. The aims of this study were to examine the RAAS response to stimulation by upright posture ...
Vlcková V - - 2004
Antimutagenic, anticlastogenic, and bioprotective effect of polysaccharide glucomannan (GM) isolated from Candida utilis was evaluated in four model test systems. The antimutagenic effect of GM against 9-aminoacridine (9-AA)- and sodium azide (NaN3)-induced mutagenicity was revealed in the Salmonella typhimurium strains TA97 and TA100, respectively. GM showed anticlastogenic effect against N-nitroso-N'-methylurea ...
Murthy S Narasimha - - 2004
The objective of the experiment was to study the influence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on transdermal transport of diffusants by electroporation. The resistance of porcine epidermis in contact with SDS solution (0.2% w/v) dropped by 40% within 24 h. SDS improved the efficiency of transdermal delivery of glucose, dextrans ...
Murphy R Y - - 2004
The effect of sodium lactate on thermal inactivation D- and z-values of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella was determined for chicken thigh and leg meat. At 55 to 70 degrees C, the D-value of L. monocytogenes in ground chicken thigh and leg meat with the addition of 4.8% sodium lactate (4.8 ...
Prabhu R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress can lead to bacterial translocation from the intestine into systemic circulation. Adherence of bacteria onto the glycoconjugates of the brush border membrane (BBM) and surfactant coat (SLP) of the mucosal cells is the first step in the translocation of luminal bacteria. Our earlier study showed that surgical ...
Siu K L - - 2004
We describe a case of severe pulmonary hypertension and transient right-sided hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a neonate, caused by premature closure of ductus arteriosus after short-term maternal use of diclofenac sodium (Voltaren). In view of this associated complication, diclofenac sodium should be avoided during pregnancy. In addition, maternal diclofenac sodium ingestion ...
Hay Phillip E - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize current knowledge about the relationship between bacterial vaginosis and miscarriage. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies investigating the relationship between bacterial vaginosis and infertility, implantation and early pregnancy loss have produced conflicting results. One study demonstrated a beneficial effect of colonization with hydrogen peroxide producing ...
Tabata A - - 2004
2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane or Bisphenol A (BPA), has been reported to behave as an endocrine disrupter below acute toxic levels, and is widely present in the water environment. Although BPA is easily chlorinated, very little is reported on the effect of chlorinated BPA to the aquatic organisms. In this study, ...
Kössi J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Both sodium phosphate (NaP) and polyethylene glycol-electrolyte (PEG-EL) have been used to cleanse the bowel prior to colonoscopy, and recent reviews suggest that the former is the more effective and convenient cleansing regimen. The aim of this study was to compare the bowel cleansing effect of NaP solution with ...
Bhushan Brij - - 2003
Free radicals in two cultivars of Indian monsooned coffee beans, gamma-irradiated for hygienic and quarantine purposes, were examined by entrapping the small amount of samples in potassium chloride powder in ESR quartz tubes. In contrast to a prominent free radical signal at g = 2.002, observed in spermoderm (silver skin) ...
Drusch S - - 2003
This review gives an overview of the presence of mycotoxins in fruits. Although several mycotoxins occur in nature, very few (aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, Alternaria toxins) are regularly found in fruits. It has been shown that the presence of fungi on fruits is not necessarily associated with mycotoxin contamination. The ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2003
Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium conservation and increase in plasma volume, yet the natriuretic response to acute saline volume expansion (VE) is intact in pregnant rats. Nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to play a role in renal and cardiovascular adaptations to normal pregnancy. The objective of this study ...
Haineault Caroline - - 2003
The contraceptive properties of a gel formulation containing sodium lauryl sulfate were investigated in both in vitro and in vivo models. Results showed that sodium lauryl sulfate inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, the activity of sheep testicular hyaluronidase. Sodium lauryl sulfate also completely inhibited human sperm motility as evaluated by ...
Beaujean R - - 2002
The dosimetry telescope (DOSTEL) was flown on the MIR orbital station during October 1997-January 1998. The mission average contributions to the absorbed dose rates (in water) were 126 +/- 4 microGy/d and 121 +/- 13 microGy/d for the GCR and the SAA component, respectively. The mean quality factors (ICRP60) deduced ...
Ahn Hyun-Joo - - 2002
Residual nitrite and N-nitrosamine levels were monitored on irradiated emulsion-type cooked pork sausage in aerobic or vacuum packaging states during storage. The sausage was irradiated at 0, 5, 10, and 20 kGy and stored at 4 degrees C for 4 weeks. The residual nitrite levels were significantly reduced by gamma ...
Larom David - - 2002
Animal communication is affected by a multitude of environmental factors including meteorological conditions, ground reflection, turbulence, and vegetative attenuation. Evolutionary and behavioral adaptations by animals to these challenges include elephant use of infrasound optimized for long-distance propagation. These adaptations in turn influence the perceptual sphere, or Umwelt, of calling animals.
Sevcikova Beatrica - - 2002
The alternative sigma factor sigmaH has been shown to play an important role in stress response and morphological differentiation in Streptomyces coelicolor. Its gene, sigH, is located in an operon with the gene encoding proposed anti-sigma factor UshX, and one of the promoters directing expression of the operon is dependent ...
Fang Jia-You - - 2002
The effect of iontophoresis combined with treatment of other physical enhancement methods such as electroporation, low frequency ultrasound, and erbium:YAG (yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser on the transdermal delivery of sodium nonivamide acetate (SNA) was examined in this present study. Iontophoresis increased the transdermal flux of SNA in vitro as compared to the ...
Hillhouse E W - - 2001
The mechanism of human labour remains unresolved. One of the most important regulatory signals, however, appears to be corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), a hypothalamic peptide that controls the body's response to stress, which is also produced by the placenta and intrauterine tissues during pregnancy. CRH belongs to a family of peptides ...
Stekelenburg F K - - 2001
Cooked cured ham products were produced according to a standard recipe for cooked ham with various levels of sodium lactate, sodium diacetate or buffered sodium citrate. They were compared with a reference ham product with respect to sensory quality and growth of Lactobacillus curvatus and Listeria monocytogenes. For this, a ...
Delemarre F M - - 2001
The classic indication for prescribing dietary sodium restriction in pregnancy has been the prevention of eclampsia. We describe a case of intrapartum eclampsia in a 24-year-old nulliparous woman. A strongly sodium restricted diet was prescribed because of pre-eclampsia. Compliance to the diet was checked with 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. This ...
An G H - - 2001
The carotenoid-hyperproducing mutant 2A2N of the yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (Phaffia rhodozyma) was cultivated using sugar beet blackstrap molasses. This molasses was composed of 70% (w/v) total solid and 50% (w/v) total sugar. Biomass yield (biomass/carbohydrate) significantly decreased at >5% (v/v) molasses. Atomic emission spectrometry revealed that Na and P were ...
Delemarre F M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Dietary sodium restriction results in activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system. In the non-pregnant situation renin release in response to a low sodium diet is mediated by prostaglandins. We studied the effect of dietary sodium restriction on urinary prostaglandin metabolism in pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized, longitudinal study the ...
Comazzi S - - 2000
An 11-year-old female crossbred dog showed signs of polyuria, polydipsia, vomiting, posterior weakness and ataxia. Clinical and laboratory findings suggested the diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. The haematological values shown over a six-month period are presented. In four samples some aspects of erythrocyte function (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [G6PD] and pyruvate kinase [PK] ...
Donders G G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate a possible link between first-trimester diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis and cessation of pregnancy at < or =20 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Women (n = 228) who received routine prenatal care in Flanders, Belgium, during the first trimester (14 weeks' gestation) and had a ...
Bonvehí J S - - 2000
gamma-Irradiation was investigated as a technique to improve the hygienic quality of cocoa husk. Cocoa husk is a byproduct of cocoa bean processing industry. It contains approximately 57.5% (w/w) dietary fiber (nonstarch polysaccharides plus lignin), 15% (w/w) crude protein, 10.7% (w/w) mineral elements, 2.32% (w/w) cocoa butter, and 2.8% (w/w) ...
Casele H L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in bone density in women receiving enoxaparin sodium during pregnancy. METHODS: Bone density in the proximal femur was serially measured in 16 women receiving enoxaparin sodium (40 mg daily) during pregnancy. Baseline measurements were taken within 2 weeks of starting therapy and then at 6-8 weeks ...
Reichert V - - 2000
We demonstrate here that replacing potassium chloride (KCl) with potassium acetate (KAc) or potassium glutamate (KGlu) routinely enhances the yield of RNA intermediates and products obtained from in vitro splicing reactions performed in HeLa cell nuclear extract. This effect was reproducibly observed with multiple splicing substrates. The enhanced yields are ...
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