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Shirasawa A - - 2011
Recipient animals for bovine embryo transfer (ET) are routinely selected according to the morphology of the corpus luteum (CL) estimated by rectal palpation. However, rectal palpation is not a precise method of diagnosing the functional status of a CL. Ovarian ultrasonography (US) may be used to improve such diagnoses. The ...
Grattan Dave - - 2011
Prolactin is a pregnancy hormone that is essential for development of the mammary gland for milk production. In addition, prolactin exerts important actions in the maternal brain, resulting in changes in maternal physiology and behaviour that help the mother cope with the new demands of pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. Hence, ...
Woo Chit Shing Jackson - - 2011
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most frequent mycotoxins detected in human blood worldwide. Apart from its well known nephrotoxicity, OTA-induced teratogenicity and carcinogenicity proven in animals are potential effects also in humans. Pregnant women have been exposed to this food contaminant via dietary exposure in a continuous and ...
Kennaway David J - - 2011
Circadian rhythms impact on a wide range of physiological systems and this impact extends to fertility, such that disruptions to timing systems can impact upon reproductive capacity. This is highlighted most obviously in mutant mouse models whereby deletion or mutation of single genes results not only in disrupted circadian rhythmicity, ...
Carlomagno G - - 2011
Diet is a critical factor for the development of both embryo and fetus, as well as maternal health. In particular, two natural molecules have been shown to exert beneficial effects on fertility, pregnancy wellness and embryo development: myo-inositol and melatonin, whose requirements increase during pregnancy. In the present review, we ...
Su Yi-Ju - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pregnancy on the pulse wave of the mother. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pulse waveforms recorded via a pulse oximeter from the left index finger of non-pregnant women and pregnant women in the three trimesters of pregnancy were Fourier transformed into power spectra. Spectral indices of ...
Swelum A A - - 2011
The objective of this work was to evaluate the possibility of substituting glycerol for ethylene glycol when cryopreserving buffalo semen. Semen of eight buffalo bulls was mixed, pooled, and frozen in one of these four diluents: centrifuged Tris egg yolk glycerol; centrifuged Tris egg yolk ethylene glycol; centrifuged Milk egg ...
Bazer Fuller W - - 2011
I became interested in biology as an undergraduate in a premedical curriculum but developed a passion for the field of reproductive biology because of a course in physiology of reproduction taken to meet requirements for admission to veterinary school. My career path changed, and I entered graduate school, obtained the ...
Benagiano Giuseppe - - 2011
Information on early embryo wastage is relevant for debating the status of human embryos. Two main points of view confront each other. Theists hold that human embryos should be treated as human persons from the moment of conception because, even accepting that human beings are the fruit of evolution, they ...
Papacleovoulou Georgia - - 2010
Nuclear receptor signalling is essential for physiological processes such as metabolism, development, and reproduction. Alterations in the endocrine state that naturally occur during pregnancy result in maternal adaptations to support the feto-placental unit. A series of studies have shown that nuclear receptor signalling is involved in maternal adaptations of bile ...
Galbally Megan - - 2010
To undertake a systematic review of the effects of exposure to mood stabilizer medication in pregnancy, evaluating teratogenicity and other outcomes for mother and child. This was one of three concurrent systematic reviews of psychotropic medication exposure in pregnancy. A systematic search was carried out of electronic databases, reference books ...
Fekete Andrea - - 2011
Plasma volume (PV) expansion is required for optimal pregnancy outcomes; however, the mechanisms responsible for sodium and water retention in pregnancy remain undefined. This study was designed to test the "arterial underfill hypothesis" of pregnancy which proposes that an enlarged vascular compartment (due to systemic vasodilation and shunting of blood ...
Yang Weili - - 2010
Hypoxia in pregnancy may induce fetal growth restriction and cause functional abnormalities during development. The present study determined the long-term influence of hypoxia in fetal life on dipsogenic behavior linked to central angiotensin (Ang) network in the offspring rats. Fetal blood pO(2) and body weight were decreased by hypoxia during ...
Schrier R W - - 2010
There are several mysteries about the normal physiology of pregnancy (1). Renal sodium and water reabsorption occurs despite an increase in total blood volume. Moreover, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is also stimulated in normal pregnancy, even though an increase in total blood volume normally suppresses the RAAS and increases sodium ...
Cacciatore Alessandra - - 2010
Pregnancy can affect the lower genitourinary tract through physiologic changes, or traumatic injury tissue stretching and tearing, besides neurologic and vascular compression and compromise, and muscle strain are inevitable during childbirth.The levator ani complex of the pubococcygeus, puborectalis, and iliococcygeus muscles must allow passage of the fetus. The perineal body ...
Sasser Jennifer M - - 2010
It has been suggested that the phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor sildenafil may be useful in the treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. However, we have reported a selective increase in renal inner medullary PDE5 that participates in the sodium retention of pregnancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Fonti Ylenia - - 2009
Pelvic-perineal dysfunctions, are the most common diseases in women after pregnancy. Urinary incontinence and genital prolapsy, often associated, are the most important consequences of childbirth and are determined by specific alterations in the structure of neurological and musculo-fascial pelvic support.Causation is difficult to prove because symptom occur remote from delivery.Furthermore ...
Guan Junchang - - 2009
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis. This study determined the influence of water deprivation during pregnancy on the development of the RAS in rats, and examined blood pressure (BP) in the adolescent offspring. Pregnant rats were water deprived for 3 days at late gestation, and ...
Adam Gamal K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal and perinatal outcomes when pregnant women with visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also known as kala-azar) are treated with the antimonial sodium stibogluconate. METHOD: Forty-two pregnant women with VL were treated with sodium stibogluconate at Gadarif Hospital, Gadarif, Sudan, and mother and child were followed up for 1 ...
Bermúdez-Millán Ángela - - 2009
Proper nutrition during gestation is important to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes. Eggs contain many important nutrients necessary for fetal development and human survival. Three focus groups were conducted with Latina women living in Connecticut to identify cultural beliefs toward egg consumption during pregnancy, traditional egg dishes, and methods of preparation. ...
Ruamrak C - - 2009
Acne vulgaris impairs the appearance of an individual and causes psychological irritation. Inflammatory acne lesion is caused by multifactor incorporates in each step of acne pathogenesis. In an attempt to archive inflammatory lesion treatment with the promise of prevention of acne vulgaris, randomized and double-blind studies on the comparison of ...
Escher Geneviève - - 2009
Aldosterone is a key regulator of electrolyte and water homeostasis and plays a central role in blood pressure regulation. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, among them increased progesterone and aldosterone production, lead to the required plasma volume expansion of the maternal body as an accommodation mechanism for fetus growth. This review ...
Adair C D - - 2009
Elevated blood levels of endogenous digitalis-like factors (EDLF) may decrease erythrocyte sodium pump activity in preeclampsia. As the highest EDLF levels might be expected in severe preeclampsia, we investigated sodium pump activity in that group of patients. Erythrocyte sodium pump activity was determined by (86)Rubidium uptake (in nM per hour ...
Waters Thaddeus P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to characterize the course of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy and to discern the bacterial morphotypes responsible for infection. STUDY DESIGN: Vaginal secretions were obtained in each trimester of pregnancy and were evaluated for bacterial vaginosis by Gram stain, categorized as normal or any of the ...
Afoakwa Emmanuel Ohene - - 2008
Chocolate characters not only originate in flavor precursors present in cocoa beans, but are generated during post-harvest treatments and transformed into desirable odor notes in the manufacturing processes. Complex biochemical modifications of bean constituents are further altered by thermal reactions in roasting and conching and in alkalization. However, the extent ...
Lan C - - 2008
Objective: To evaluate mesometrial transplantation of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue in rabbit and to choose the optimized fertilization method for oocytes retrieved from grafts by investigating the capability of oocyte fertilization and further development. Forty rabbits were divided into three groups randomly: control group, fresh tissues transplantation group and frozen-thawed tissues ...
Hård Anna-Lena - - 2008
Blockage of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during pregnancy is known to cause serious dysfunction of many organs of the foetus and newborn. Angiotensin II is an angiogenic factor and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors prevent retinal neovascularisation and their use in preventing proliferative retinopathy of prematurity has been suggested. We report ...
Coulthurst Sarah J - - 2008
Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica is an enterobacterial phytopathogen causing economically significant soft rot disease. Pathogenesis is mediated by multiple secreted virulence factors, many of which are secreted by the type II (Out) secretion system. DsbA catalyzes the introduction of disulfide bonds into periplasmic and secreted proteins. In this study, the ...
Pretzer S D - - 2008
Several bacterial species have been implicated in canine and feline pregnancy loss. Brucella canis is one of the more important bacterial infectious agents that cause pregnancy loss in the bitch. Brucella has been documented in the queen but in general infectious abortion from bacteria and protozoal agents is uncommon in ...
Kailasam C - - 2008
Insufficient information is available on the safety and efficacy of the potent analgesic diclofenac sodium administered following oocyte retrieval. The present study aims to address this issue. A randomized prospective double-blind study of 381 assisted conception cycles was performed. Patients included were <40 years old with early follicular FSH <10 ...
Singh Ram Sarup - - 2009
Culture conditions for pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans were optimized using response surface methodology at shake flask level without pH control. In the present investigation, a five-level with five-factor central composite rotatable design of experiments was employed to optimize the levels of five factors significantly affecting the pullulan production, biomass ...
Santic Marina - - 2008
The Francisella tularensis-containing phagosome (FCP) matures to a late-endosome-like phagosome prior to bacterial escape into the cytosols of macrophages, where bacterial proliferation occurs. Our data show that within the first 15 min after infection of primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (hMDMs), approximately 90% of the FCPs acquire the proton vacuolar ATPase ...
Yachimski Patrick - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The most common significant adverse event after photodynamic therapy (PDT) with porfimer sodium is esophageal stricture formation. This study assessed whether pretreatment variables, including prior endoscopic therapy for Barrett's esophagus, are associated with post-PDT stricturing. METHODS: Data from all patients who had undergone PDT with porfimer sodium ...
Tian Guo-Qiang - - 2008
{[2-(Arylmethylene)cyclopropyl]methyl}(phenyl)sulfanes and {[2-(arylmethylene)cyclopropyl]methyl}(phenyl)selanes, generated in situ from 2-(arylmethylene)cyclopropylcarbinols with sodium benzenethiolate and sodium benzeneselenolate, could undergo rearrangement upon heating to afford (2-arylmethylidenebut-3-enyl)(phenyl)sulfanes and (2-arylmethylidenebut-3-enyl)(phenyl)selanes, in good to excellent yields as mixtures of E- and Z-isomers, respectively. A radical rearrangement was proposed on the basis of control experiments for this process.
van der Plas Mariena J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Lucilia sericata maggots are successfully used for treating chronic wounds. As the healing process in these wounds is complicated by bacteria, particularly when residing in biofilms that protect them from antibiotics and the immune system, we assessed the effects of maggot excretions/secretions (ES) on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
Westbury C B - - 2007
Chronic tissue hypoxia may play a role in the pathogenesis of late radiation fibrosis. In order to investigate this hypothesis, the immunohistochemical distribution of pimonidazole hydrochloride (n = 14 patients) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) (n = 38 patients) was studied in samples of previously irradiated normal human tissue. One ...
Daubert Daisy L - - 2007
The present study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) contributes to impaired baroreflex gain of pregnancy and that this action is enhanced by angiotensin II. To test these hypotheses, we quantified baroreflex control of heart rate in nonpregnant and pregnant conscious rabbits before and after: 1) blockade of NO ...
Liu Yangsheng - - 2007
Traditional pollution control technologies are able to capture oxidized forms of mercury to some extent; however, they show low efficiency for the control of elemental mercury emissions. This study developed a novel mercury removal technology: injection of sodium tetrasulfide (Na2S4) dissolved in the sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution in the spray-dryer ...
Dussol Bertrand - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In a previous work, we evidenced that artificial neural networks (ANNs) were more informative than classical statistical analyses for assessing the risk of idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis in male stone-formers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compared risk factors for idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis (age, body mass index, calcemia, calcium oxalate supersaturation, and ...
Lopes F A - - 2006
AIMS: To study the influence of some metallic elements of stainless steel 304 (SS 304) on the development and activity of a sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilm, using as comparison a reference nonmetallic material polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Desulfovibrio desulfuricans biofilms were developed on SS 304 and on a reference nonmetallic ...
Vance Carlos J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Other investigators have shown that reductions in active sodium pump units increase uterine contractility. Therefore, our goal was to determine whether uterine sodium pump abundance is decreased in mouse models of term and preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: Mice were studied during the final one-third of pregnancy. Other pregnant mice ...
Romero Jaime - - 2006
In this study, we used a 16S rDNA-based approach to determine bacterial populations associated with coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in its early life stages, highlighting dominant bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract during growth in freshwater. The present article is the first molecular analysis of bacterial communities of coho salmon. Cultivability ...
Zielhuis S W - - 2006
Radioactive holmium-166 loaded poly(l-lactic acid) microspheres are promising systems for the treatment of liver malignancies. These microspheres are loaded with holmium acetylacetonate (HoAcAc) and prepared by a solvent evaporation method using chloroform. After preparation the microspheres (Ho-PLLA-MS) are activated by neutron irradiation in a nuclear reactor. It was observed that ...
Schlapbach L J - - 2006
A 2-month-old infant with hereditary hyperekplexia, umbilical and bilateral inguinal hernias and history of poor feeding was noted to have severe normotensive metabolic alkalosis: sodium 132 mmol/L, potassium 3.4 mmol/L, chloride 77 mmol/L, pH 7.55, carbon dioxide tension 56.3 mmHg and bicarbonate 48.0 mmol/L. After parenteral rehydration and treatment with ...
O'Connor Niall - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is often associated with significant cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity. Effective treatment includes the use of appropriate gastric decontamination techniques, the administration of sodium bicarbonate, and meticulous supportive care. Tricylcic antidepressant toxicity typically lasts 24-48 hours following a significant overdose. CASE REPORT: We describe a ...
Huang C R - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the transport characteristics and mechanisms for discovering the possible causes of the low bioavailability of astragaloside IV and to develop an absorption enhancement strategy. Caco-2 cells used as the in vitro model. Results showed a low permeability coefficient (3.7 x 10(-8)cm/s for ...
Reid Gregor - - 2005
Recently, several of my pregnant patients have asked me about using probiotics during pregnancy. Is there any evidence that these innocuous bacteria work effectively? An increasing body of evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for treating bacterial vaginosis and allergic reactions. Most probiotics available in Canada, however, are of dubious ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Normal pregnancy is characterized by sodium and water conservation and an increase in plasma volume that is required for an uncomplicated pregnancy. Renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) is significantly decreased in pregnant rats. This decrease in RIHP may play an important role in the sodium and water retention that ...
Abrankó László - - 2005
The degradation behaviour of methylmercury (MeHg) under microwave irradiation is investigated, as is the (different) degradation behaviour of ethylmercury (EtHg) under similar irradiation. A simple and highly sensitive SPME-GC-pyrolysis-AFS system was used to analyse the aqueous MeHg and EtHg standard solutions after derivatization with sodium tetraphenylborate (NaBPh(4)). Samples were irradiated ...
Huang Mei - - 2005
Bacterial vaginosis is the most prevalent disease of the female genital tract. In spite of various effective antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, its high relapse rate is a common problem. Bacterial species causing bacterial vaginosis are generally unable to be cultured by conventional methods. It is impractical and ...
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