Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 395
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Ishii Keisuke - - 2003
At 26 weeks of gestation, fetal tachyarrhythmias (about 250 bpm) and ascites were detected by ultrasonography, and oral treatment with propranolol (30 mg/day) was commenced. Within 10 h, the fetal heart rate changed to approximately 85 bpm. The averaged fetal magnetocardiogram triggered by R peaks showed P wave and QRS ...
Valensise H - - 2003
The recent efforts in the study of fetal compartments could help us to a better recognition of the proper fetal growth and well being. Fat content correlates directly with energy stores. Fat mass and lean body mass is often used in the nutritional assessment of the individual. Moreover chromosomal abnormalities ...
Schmidt Stephan - - 2003
The newly available modified laserspectroscopy for fetal physiologic measurements provides information about biochemical parameters and is potentially an additional technique for fetal surveillance. METHOD: Using laserspectroscopy it was possible to trace changes in absorbances at four different wavelengths and to calculate relative changes of HbO2, desaturated haemoglobin, total haemoglobin, and ...
Olofsson Per - - 2003
Two randomized controlled trials (RCT) on intrapartum fetal monitoring with cardiotocography (CTG) only versus CTG combined with automatic ST segment waveform analysis of the fetal ECG have been performed. In altogether 6826 randomized cases, the odds ratio for operative delivery for fetal distress (ODFD) was 0.65 (95% confidence interval 0.53-0.78) ...
Oi Shizuo - - 2003
It has been recognized that the morphological fetal CNS findings detected in early development are not always the final features: occasionally they may not be determined in diagnosis and may change developmentally or chronologically during the fetal life in utero. Certain factors of the fetal chronology of CNS anomalies can ...
von Koch Cornelia S - - 2003
Neonatal hydrocephalus is one of the most common congenital anomalies affecting the nervous system. Currently, ultrasonography allows for early detection of fetal ventriculomegaly and presents the family with several treatment options: termination of pregnancy, early delivery and neonatal shunting, and delivery at term followed by shunting. Despite ventricular decompression after ...
Van de Velde Marc - - 2003
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The present manuscript reviews recent data on fetal intrapartum surveillance with special attention to new technologies. RECENT FINDINGS: Continuous fetal heart-rate monitoring, fetal blood sampling, intrapartum stimulation tests, fetal pulse oximetry and fetal electrocardiography will be reviewed. SUMMARY: From the available data it appears that to ...
Cole Charles - - 2003
Admission electronic fetal monitoring did not decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality compared with intermittent auscultation. Patients in the admission fetal monitoring group were more likely to receive continuous electronic monitoring and fetal blood sampling, but there were no significant differences in the rates of operative deliveries or episiotomy. Institutions not ...
Luttkus Andreas K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fetal pulse oximetry measures arterial oxygen saturation during delivery. The fetal electrocardiogram STAN S21 analyzes the repolarisation segment of ECG (ST) waveform, which is altered by the intramyocardial potassium release resulting from metabolic acidemia. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a simultaneous application of pulse oximetry and ...
Graf Joy L - - 2003
Advances in prenatal diagnosis including improvements in ultrasonography have revealed the natural history of fetal sacrococcygeal teratomas, and this natural history differs substantially from that for postnatally diagnosed sacrococcygeal teratoma. A fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma may lead to perinatal morbidity and mortality by a variety of mechanisms. Adverse clinical sequelae of ...
Hosono Takayoshi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the coincidence of fetal magnetocardiography (FMCG) and fetal direct electrocardiography (FDECG) in a case of fetal atrial flutter (AF). METHODS: FMCG and FDECG using a fetal scalp electrode were recorded in the case of fetal AF at 41 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: FMCG revealed fetal AF with 2:1 ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2002
The transition from innovation to standard of care for fetal surgery should be guided by ethical considerations. We provide an ethical framework that identifies criteria for the investigation of fetal surgery. This framework addresses the initiation and assessment of clinical trials to determine whether they establish a standard of care, ...
Erdag Gulsun - - 2002
In this study, we tested a non-permeating cryoprotectant, trehalose, in combination with dimethyl sulfoxide (Me(2)SO) in the cryopreservation of human fetal skin and compared it to Me(2)SO and glycerol, protocols that are routinely used by skin banks. The viability of fetal skin from four groups (fresh, and cryopreserved with glycerol, ...
East Christine E - - 2002
This article examines the current status of fetal pulse oximetry (FPO) as a means of intrapartum assessment of fetal wellbeing. FPO has been developed to a stage where it is a safe and accurate indicator of intrapartum fetal oxygenation. In general, sliding the FPO sensor along the examiner's fingers and ...
Hosono Takayoshi - - 2002
A case of fetal atrial flutter successfully recorded by magnetocardiography (MCG) is reported. Initial ultrasonography revealed frequent fetal atrial extrasystoles at 31 weeks of gestation. Fetal MCG was recorded using a multichannel MCG system at 31, 35 and 38 weeks of gestation. A series of fluctuations in the baseline of ...
Cauldwell Charles B - - 2002
Fetal surgery is the antenatal treatment of fetal malformations that cannot be adequately corrected after birth. Anesthesia for fetal surgery involves two patients, and issues of maternal safety, avoidance of fetal asphyxia, adequate fetal anesthesia and monitoring, and uterine relaxation are important. Communication with the surgeon to determine the surgical ...
Rijnders R J P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Fetal pulse oximetry was performed during labor in high-risk cases for fetal distress to determine the diagnostic value of this method. METHODS: The fetal SpO2 values were blinded from the obstetrician so that these values did not influence clinical decisions. Mean and lowest SpO2 measurements for the last 30 ...
Park H W - - 2001
Congenital malformations are one of the main topics, which must be addressed in the 21st century. Fetal surgery is expected to become a routine procedure for malformed fetal patients in the near future. This paper presents some important aspects of the embryological background required for fetal surgery and shows normal ...
J. G. Stinstra,M. J. ...
this paper results in an additional peak in front of the QRS-complex in the magnetocardiogram measured in the 21 week of gestation. Apart from this finding the magnetocardiogram is normal. Thus, the diagnosis of this congenital disease cannot be confirmed by fetal MCG
Flake A W - - 2001
Ethical issues in maternal-fetal surgery require special consideration because of the often-conflicting interests of the mother and fetus. Over the past 2 decades an ethical framework for fetal therapy and maternal-fetal surgery has been developed. This framework continues to evolve as new procedures are developed and new controversies arise. The ...
Schwartz D A - - 2001
The EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure is used to maintain fetal-placental circulation during partial delivery of a fetus with a potentially life-threatening upper airway obstruction. We performed the EXIT procedure on a fetus with a large intra-oral cyst. Sevoflurane was used as the anesthetic because of its rapid titratability. ...
Hosono T - - 2001
We report a case of fetal Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome diagnosed prenatally by magnetocardiography (MCG). At 32 weeks' gestation, the fetus was diagnosed to have a paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia by ultrasonography and direct fetal electrocardiogram (ECG). Transplacental fetal therapy by maternal oral administration of propranolol resolved the fetal tachyarrhythmia. Although the ...
Tan K H KH Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore, Singapore, 229899. - - 2001
Manual fetal manipulation has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. The objective of this review was to assess the merits or adverse effects of the use of manual fetal manipulation in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Zourabian A - - 2000
Pulse oximetry (oxygen saturation monitoring) has markedly improved medical care in many fields, including anesthesiology, intensive care, and newborn intensive care. In obstetrics, fetal heart rate monitoring remains the standard for intrapartum assessment of fetal well being. Fetal oxygen saturation monitoring is a new technique currently under development. It is ...
Gratacós E - - 2000
Fetoscopy has consolidated its position in fetal medicine, thanks to a combination of insight into the pathophysiology of selected conditions that are amenable to fetal surgery and the technical innovations in endoscopic equipment. In clinical practice, two types of fetoscopy can be discerned: Obstetrical Endoscopy and Endoscopic Fetal Surgery. The ...
Quintero R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Vesicoamniotic shunting may be difficult or impossible in selected cases of fetal lower obstructive uropathy. The purpose of this article is to describe the performance of fetal hydrolaparoscopy and endoscopic fetal cystotomy in two fetuses with complicated lower obstructive uropathy. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal hydrolaparoscopy-endoscopic fetal cystotomy was performed in ...
Jacques S L - - 2000
The possibility of optical oximetry of the blood in the fetal brain measured across the maternal abdomen just prior to birth is under investigation. Such measurements could detect fetal distress prior to birth and aid in the clinical decision regarding Cesarean section. This paper uses a perturbation method to model ...
Gogarten W - - 2000
Major improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of fetal malformations, including in-utero surgical repair, have occurred in the past decade. As opposed to anaesthesia for caesarean sections, a high placental drug transfer is warranted to provide adequate fetal anaesthesia and immobility, strongly favouring the use of general anaesthesia for these ...
Jibodu O A - - 2000
Intrapartum hypoxia was thought to contribute to the incidence of cerebral palsy, seizures and mental retardation. Electronic fetal monitoring was expected to prevent or reduce this incidence. Electronic fetal monitoring has a high false positive rate and fetal blood sampling, which is an invasive procedure, only allows an intermittent assessment. ...
Young A D - - 2000
A critical component in the conduct of a prenatal developmental toxicity study is the evaluation of fetal skeletal development. As the developing rodent fetus is typically evaluated at gestation day 20, at a time when ossification of the skeleton is incomplete, a thorough assessment of skeletal development would include both ...
Yam J - - 2000
Fetal pulse oximetry has been advocated as a means of improving the specificity of cardioto-cography in intrapartum fetal surveillance. The objective of this article, the first of two reviewing the current literature on fetal pulse oximetry, is to discuss the principles of this new and evolving technology, its development, and ...
Yam J - - 2000
Part II continues by discussing the clinical application of fetal pulse oximetry in intrapartum fetal surveillance as reviewed in the literature. It profiles the predictive ability of fetal pulse oximetry and its correlation with conventional methods of fetal monitoring. In addition, an account is made of its limitations, safety, and ...
Corda M - - 2000
Haemoglobin (Hb) J-Sardegna [alpha50(CE8)His-->Asp] is a haemoglobin variant characteristic of subjects from the island of Sardinia. Here we report a study of the functional properties of both fetal and adult Hb J-Sardegna. The results indicate that adult Hb J-Sardegna displays an oxygen affinity that is higher than that of adult ...
- - 2000
The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to prevent fetal death. Antepartum fetal surveillance techniques based on assessment of fetal heart rate patterns have been in clinical use for almost three decades. More recently, real-time ultrasonography and Doppler velocimetry have been used to evaluate fetal well-being. Antepartum fetal surveillance techniques ...
Maeda K - - 1999
We have presented that fetal surveillance may be enhanced by use of the fetal actocardiogram and by computerized processing of fetal motion as well as fetal B-mode ultrasound imaging. Ultrasonic Doppler fetal actogram is a sensitive and objective method for detecting and recording fetal movements. Computer processing of the actograph ...
Colditz P B - - 1999
Despite the pressing clinical need to improve fetal intrapartum surveillance, fetal oximetry has lagged well behind its application in the neonate because of the difficulty of developing a suitable method to record data from the fetus and testing its accuracy and reproducibility. Acceptable values of oxygen saturation that indicate fetal ...
Kawataki M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: As the technique of fetal ultrasound has developed, we have more opportunities to perform fetal echocardiography. Our knowledge about fetal diagnosis has been rapidly expanded. It is essential for the pediatricians to understand the ethical issues surrounding the fetal diagnosis. METHODS: We discussed these ethical issues at the 5th ...
Seelbach-Göbel B - - 1999
Although in the beginning phase of its use, the application of fetal oximetry in high-risk obstetrics is predicted to increase. Even at its early clinical application, patient data have shown that fetal oximetry has the excellent potential to be used with other fetal monitoring modalities to further characterize the metabolic ...
Ramanujam N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We report the feasibility of measuring photon migration through the fetal head in utero using antepartum, transabdominal, near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. METHODS: We developed a continuous wave (CW) spectrometer that incorporates a halogen light source, silicon photodetectors, and a differential processing circuit for antepartum, transabdominal, NIR spectroscopy. By placement ...
Samuels P - - 1999
Advances in fetal monitoring and open fetal surgery for life-threatening congenital diseases have provided us with the unique opportunity to examine fetal surgical wound healing. Fetal wounds heal rapidly and without scarring. The exact mechanisms of fetal scarless healing remain unknown. This article illustrates the most current understanding of the ...
Lindsay M K - - 1999
The gold standard for assessment of fetal well being in labor is the adequacy of fetal oxygenation using continuous electronic fetal monitoring. Additional biophysical properties of the fetus are increasingly being used to ascertain the health of the intrauterine environment. This article focuses on the detection and management of the ...
Perry D F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Antenatal ascertainment of fetal sex is a common feature of modern pregnancies. Women who opt not to learn fetal sex typically employ a variety of methods to forecast it. This study investigated the validity of prevalent folklore used to identify fetal sex before birth. METHOD: One hundred four pregnant ...
Oi S - - 1999
With the dramatic technical advances in neuroimaging, it has become possible to diagnose central nervous system (CNS) anomalies in the fetus in utero with more precise morphological analysis. A new technique, high-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using heavily T2-weighted fast spin echo sequences, has been reported to solve motion artifact ...
Cheek T G - - 1999
Assessing fetal wellbeing has evolved from the ancient awareness of 'quickening' to a vast array of biophysical, imaging and biochemical methods. Because the results of these tests influence the urgency of fetal delivery and sometimes the choice of maternal anesthetic technique, it is important for anesthesiologists to understand the fundamentals ...
- - 1999
Decisions to undertake fetal therapy involve a complex assessment of the best interests of the fetus and a pregnant woman's interest in her own health and freedom from unwanted invasion of her body. Pregnant women almost always accept a recommendation for fetal therapy that is approached collaboratively, especially if the ...
Achiron R - - 1999
Recent advances in high-resolution ultrasonography combined with color-coded Doppler analysis have enabled a new insight to be gained into fetal physiology and allowed the investigation of small, previously inaccessible fetal vessels under normal and abnormal conditions. In addition, the findings in some cases contradict the accepted fetal pathophysiology derived from ...
Oliver M H - - 1999
Both the maternal and fetal somatotrophic axes are closely linked to fetal substrate supply. Nutritional insults at critical stages of fetal development may lead to permanent reprogramming of the relationships between these factors. The consequences of reprogramming during fetal life may be harmful to metabolic, endocrine and cardiovascular homoeostatic mechanisms ...
Simpson K R - - 1998
Since the discovery of the ability to detect fetal heart tones in the 1980s, there has been ongoing research about how to interpret the meaning of these data. Fetal pulse oximetry, also known as fetal oxygen saturation monitoring, is a new method of assessing fetal status during labor that is ...
Luttkus A K - - 1998
Within the last ten years several groups adapted pulse oximetry to be used in the fetus. The obvious advantage of this technology is the fact that a biochemical parameter--the arterial oxygen saturation--can be measured continuously during delivery. Nevertheless, the continuous information about the fetal oxygenation during delivery has a couple ...
Stinstra J G - - 1998
The influence of the volume conductor on the EEG, MEG, fetal ECG and fetal MCG is studied by means of simulations. The assumption that the Maxwell equations can be used in a quasi-static approximation is reconsidered and the fact that the conductivity of human tissue is frequency dependent is taken ...
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