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Bach Cathrine Carlsen CC Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus N , - - 2014
Background: Exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is ubiquitous in most regions of the world. The most commonly studied PFASs are perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA). Animal studies indicate that maternal PFAS exposure is associated with reduced fetal growth. However, the results of human studies are inconsistent. Objectives: ...
Fernando Shavi - - 2014
In recent years, the negative impact of oxidative stress on fertility has become widely recognised. Several studies have demonstrated its negative effect on the number and quality of retrieved oocytes and embryos following in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Melatonin, a pineal hormone that regulates circadian rhythms, has also been shown to ...
Mårtensson A A Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Sweden; Department of Paediatrics and Malmö Centre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2014
The aims of the study were to define the frequency, outcome and reasons for prenatal diagnosis (PND) in Sweden during a 30-year period in order to study trends and changes. The study population, from the Swedish nationwide registry of PND of haemophilia, consisted of 54 women, compromising >95% of all, ...
Wiebrecht Axel A Working Group "Safety of Chinese Herbal Medicine During Pregnancy" of the Schweizerische Berufsorganisation für TCM and the Societas Medicinae Sinensis, Bundesallee 141, D-12161 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chinese herbal medicine is an increasingly popular worldwide medical therapy which also has an impact in pregnancy. However, the question of its drug safety during pregnancy remains unresolved. Potential problems include teratogenicity, abortion, perinatal toxicity, pre- and postnatal developmental abnormalities, and eventually an increased risk for carcinomas in the offspring. ...
K Shrinivas S Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Objectives: To study types of worm infestation in pregnancy and to correlate helminthiasis with haemoglobin level in antenatal women presenting in 2nd and 3rd trimester. Materials and Methods: This prospective cross sectional hospital based study conducted at Vanivilas hospital attached to Bangalore medical college, over a period of sixmonths. Study ...
Knudsen Tanja Majbrit - - 2014
Previous studies suggest a possible association between maternal use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during early pregnancy and congenital heart defects (CHD). The purpose of this study was to verify this association by using validated data from the Danish EUROCAT Register, and secondary, to investigate whether the risk differs between ...
Bauersachs Stefan S Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland; email: - - 2014
The endometrium is a tissue newly evolved with the development of mammalian species. Its main function is the support of embryonic growth and development and the nutrition of the fetus. The speciesspecific differences in establishment and maintenance of pregnancy make the study of this tissue in various mammalian organisms particularly ...
Cooper Chelsea M CM Jhpiego, Baltimore, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Postpartum women face uncertainty about timing of return to fecundity. Many women wait to use contraception until menses return, resulting in unintended pregnancies. This study explored the use of behavior change communication to address perceptions of postpartum return to fecundity and contraceptive adoption. This study, which took place in Sylhet ...
Frutos Víctor V Facultat de Ciències de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra , Barcelona , Spain - - 2014
Abstract Air pollution has gained considerable interest because of the multiple adverse effects reported on human health, although its impact on fertility remains unclear. A systematic search was performed to evaluate the impact of air pollutants on fertility. Controlled trials and observational studies assessing animal model and epidemiological model were ...
Babington Lynn M LM Fairfield University, Fairfield, CT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adolescent pregnancy is a major health concern among Dominicans in the U.S. and in the Dominican Republic (DR). Twenty three percent of adolescents age 15-19 have experienced pregnancy and this trend is rising. The purpose of this study was to explore and compare social support, self-esteem and pregnancy between Dominican ...
Bauer Melissa E ME Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Obstetric Anesthesiology, and the Taubman Health Sciences Library, University of Michigan Health System, and the Center for Statistical Consultation & Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, Michigan; and the Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
To establish the normal maternal range in healthy pregnant women for each component of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria and compare these ranges with existing SIRS criteria. PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched to identify studies of healthy parturients from the first trimester through 12 weeks postpartum ...
de Oliveira Fonseca-Machado Mariana M University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing - EERP-USP-, - - 2014
Objective. To identify the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy and mental disorders in women in the pregnancy-puerperal cycle. Methodology. A review was conducted of papers published in Portuguese, English and Spanish regarding the study theme. The databases explored were PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and PsycINFO. Results. The 17 ...
Butrick Elizabeth E Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether women with hypovolemic shock secondary to obstetric hemorrhage are transported to referral hospitals differently depending on weeks of pregnancy in Zambia. In a retrospective study, transport type, wait time, and transit time were assessed for women with obstetric hemorrhage and hypovolemic shock transported from 26 primary health ...
Watrowski Rafał R Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, St. Josefskrankenhaus, Teaching Hospital of the University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Primary omental pregnancy is a very rare form of ectopic pregnancy (EP). Only a few reported cases have been treated with laparoscopy. Hemostasis after trophoblast removal can be challenging. A 25-years-old primigravida in the 8(th) week of pregnancy was admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of 'missed abortion'. An ...
Otsubo Yasuo Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization, Kasumigaura Medical Center, 2-7-14 Shimotakatsu, Tsuchiura, Ibaraki, 300-8585, Japan, - - 2014
Diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis is associated with significant infertility and miscarriage complications. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy is essential. A 33-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of GnRH analogue treatment-resistant multiple myomas and infertility. Following new technical myomectomy, she conceived spontaneously and delivered a 2,470 g healthy baby by cesarean section. ...
Nishida Masato M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization, Kasumigaura Medical Center, Ibaraki, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a new myomectomy technique for diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis. To enucleate multiple myomas, we developed a novel myomectomy technique involving longitudinal dissection of the uterus in the midline. On each side of the anterior and posterior walls, the uterine wall ...
Llop Sabrina S Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencian Region, FISABIO, Valencia, Spain; Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, - - 2014
The genetic background may influence methylmercury (MeHg) metabolism and neurotoxicity. ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters actively transport various xenobiotics across biological membranes. To investigate the role of ABC polymorphisms as modifiers of prenatal exposure to MeHg. The study population consisted of participants (n = 1651) in two birth cohorts, one in Italy ...
Forde Niamh N School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
In cattle, conceptus-maternal interactions are critical for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. A major component of this early interaction involves the transport of nutrients and secretion of key molecules by uterine epithelial cells to help support conceptus development during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. Objectives were to: 1) analyze ...
Kitaya K - - 2014
The authors here report a case of an infertile woman with diffuse leiomyomatosis of the uterus, which is a rare benign pathological condition in which the myometrium is occupied by innumerable small fibroid nodules. Due to the progressive abdominal distension of the patient and the desire for pregnancy of the ...
Higashi Yuko - - 2013
We present a 39-year-old pregnant woman with Behçet's disease who was treated successfully with granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA). There were no complications or adverse effects during her pregnancy and delivery. The neonate manifested no abnormalities.
Elad David - - 2013
Maternal-to-fetal transfer of nutrient and other substances occurs across the placental barrier (PB) which is made up of endothelial cells (EC) on the fetal side and the syncytiotrophoblast (STB) on the maternal side. Numerous studies were conducted to explore the transport characteristics across the STB layer, which is also considered ...
Robertson Hugh - - 2013
We present a case of diffuse sphenoid bone cavernous hemangioma in a 22-year-old primigravid woman. Her disease first manifested clinically as progressively decreasing vision in her left eye during her third trimester of pregnancy. We also discuss the known causes and some theoretical causes of cavernous hemangioma enlargement during pregnancy.
Kazama Itsuro - - 2013
Background: Prostaglandin (PG)-specific organic anion transporter (OAT-PG) is a recently identified renal transporter involved in the local clearance of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Since the renal biosynthesis of PGE2 is not increased during pregnancy, this transporter expression would affect the gestational changes in the renal PGE2 content. Methods: Kidneys from rats ...
Freeman S L - - 2013
Persistence of free fluid in the uterine lumen of bitches with endometrial hyperplasia appears to be diagnostic for mating-induced endometritis and is associated with reduced chances of pregnancy. This study investigated the possibility that reduced fertility might be associated with an effect of uterine fluid on sperm. Uterine lavage fluid ...
Jones C J P - - 2013
Blood vessel glycosylation at the fetomaternal interface of four near-term specimens of tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii, has been examined at days 23-26 of the 26.5 day pregnancy and compared with that of other species. A panel of 23 lectins was used to compare vasculature in tammar with non-mammalian (shark, skink) ...
Einarsdottir Helga - - 2013
The neonatal receptor (FcRn) extends the half-life of human immunoglobulin (Ig)G and transports it across the placenta, providing the newborn with humoral immunity. Of the four subclasses, IgG3 stands out with strong effector functions, short half-life (7 days vs. 21 days for other subclasses), and poor placental transport. We recently described ...
Pritchett-Corning Kathleen R - - 2013
Although rats in various stages of pregnancy are routinely shipped by vendors, the effects of shipping on pregnancy outcomes have not been reported. This study examined the effects of shipping rats 1 day after mating. Two outbred stocks, (Crl:CD(SD), Crl:WI(Han)) and one inbred strain (F344/Crl) of rats (n = 300/strain) ...
Ravangard Samadh F - - 2013
Placenta membranacea is a rare placental disorder characterized by the presence of fetal membranes (complete or partially) covered by chorionic villi. A 35-year-old woman, gravida 1, was admitted for preterm labor at 24 weeks and 5 days. She subsequently developed heavy vaginal bleeding and underwent a classical cesarean delivery for suspected abruption. ...
Simmons D G - - 2013
Sulfate is an important nutrient for fetal growth and development. The fetus has no mechanism for producing its own sulfate and is therefore totally reliant on sulfate from the maternal circulation via placental sulfate transport. To build a model of directional sulfate transport in the placenta, we investigated the relative ...
Andersen Stine Linding - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Placental transport of iodide is required for fetal thyroid hormone production. The sodium iodide symporter (NIS) mediates active iodide transport into the thyroid and the lactating mammary gland, and is also present in placenta. NIS is competitively inhibited by thiocyanate from maternal smoking, but compensatory autoregulation of iodide transport ...
Ahmadimoghaddam Davoud - - 2013
In our previous study, we described synchronized activity of organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3/SLC22A3) and multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1/SLC47A1) transporter in the passage of organic cations across the rat placenta and the role of these transporters in fetal defense; in this study we hypothesized that changes in placental ...
Vinot C C EA 3620, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, - - 2013
Nowadays, antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, for many antiretroviral drugs, including maraviroc, a CCR5 antagonist, very little data exist regarding placental transfer. Besides, various factors may modulate this transfer, including efflux transporters belonging to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. We investigated ...
Ideta Atsushi - - 2013
Cryopreservation methods using liquid nitrogen (LN(2)) for gametes and embryos are prevalent in mammalian artificial reproduction. However, the pregnancy rate from frozen embryos has not improved over the past two decades because freeze-thawing causes significant damage. The strict regulation of transportation of LN(2) containers by airlines also limits exchange between ...
Grinschgl Isabella - - 2012
Morphology in combination with flow cytometry is an inexpensive and fast tool to characterize important reasons for early gestational loss. Early partial hydatidiform moles are especially difficult to identify as not all have developed the typical histological features of central cistern formation and trophoblastic hyperplasia of the chorionic villi. Angiomatoid ...
Takeda Akihiro - - 2012
A 26-year-old primigravida patient was referred with suspicion of ectopic pregnancy 39 days after her last menstrual period. Her serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin value was 3812 mIU/mL. As we suspected the existence of ectopic pregnancy with bilateral dermoid cysts, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery was performed. After dissection of dense pelvic adhesion, ...
Neves R C - - 2012
The objective was to compare reproductive performance with management programs based on an automated activity monitoring (AAM) system or a synchronized breeding program under field conditions. In total, 1,429 Holstein cows from 3 commercial herds in Ontario, Canada, were enrolled over 1 yr in a randomized controlled trial. At each ...
Montouchet Calypso C School of Public Health, Imperial College London, W2 1NY, UK. - - 2013
Here we estimate the direct medical costs to the National Health Service (NHS) of unintended pregnancies in 2010 and identify populations at risk for unintended pregnancies. The number of unintended pregnancies in England in 2010 was estimated based on the number of induced and spontaneous abortions, live births and ectopic ...
Sholapurkar S L - - 2012
A recent opinion survey of British Obstetricians revealed 'early' fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations as the commonest type in their practice. This contrasts with the guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, UK (NICE 2007) that 'true uniform early decelerations are rare and most decelerations are variable'. ...
Heller Debra S - - 2012
Context.-Chronic histiocytic intervillositis is an uncommon and poorly recognized lesion associated with poor perinatal outcomes, including intrauterine growth retardation and stillbirth. It has a high recurrence rate. Objective.-To evaluate utility of CD68 immunostaining in the evaluation of chronic histiocytic intervillositis. Design.-Institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed. Cases were selected ...
Hill James B - - 2012
Evidence-based guidelines regarding intrapartum fetal surveillance from three countries (United States, Canada, and Australia/New Zealand) were reviewed. The similarities in the three national guidelines (purported etiology, management of periodic changes, and intermittent auscultation for low-risk women) are understandable. Differences in recommendations (role of fetal admission test, amnioinfusion for variable decelerations, ...
Donaldson J F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Surgery, ionising radiation and anaesthesia in the presence of an undetected pregnancy could be harmful. British guidelines state that female patients of 'childbearing age' should have their pregnancy status established before surgery. Approaching this topic with an adolescent girl can be challenging. DESIGN: The authors conducted an observational study ...
Yoon Jeong - - 2011
Since IVF program was first established, various types of media and culture systems have been developed either in-house or commercially. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of in-house Maria Research Center (MRC) media to that of commercially available Sydney IVF media in human day 3 embryo ...
Serva Waldmiro Antônio Diégues - - 2011
To describe the course of migraine without aura and migraine with aura during pregnancy and factors that could influence its course, among migraine sufferers before pregnancy. A cross sectional study undertaken at the IMIP, Brazil. Out of 686 consecutively assisted women, at the first postnatal week, 266 were identified as ...
Shaw Julie L V - - 2012
As part of successful human reproduction, the Fallopian tube must provide a suitable environment for pre-implantation development of the embryo and for efficient transport of the embryo to the uterus for implantation. These functions are coordinated by paracrine interactions between tubal epithelial, smooth muscle and immune cells and the cells ...
Waclawik Agnieszka - - 2011
Ovarian progesterone induces essential changes leading to a temporary state of uterine receptivity for conceptus implantation. Estrogens secreted by the porcine conceptus on day 11 and 12 of pregnancy, provide the initial signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy and maintenance of a functional corpus luteum (CL) for continued production of ...
Keenan Jeffrey A - - 2011
Ulipristal acetate is the first selective progesterone receptor modulator approved for postcoital contraception in the US. It appears to be significantly more effective in inhibition of ovulation than other forms of emergency contraception. However, ulipristal acetate is structurally similar to mifepristone, and several lines of evidence suggest that a postfertilization ...
Shin David S - - 2011
The objective of this article is to describe the CT and MRI findings of early intrauterine pregnancy. Early pregnancy should be considered when CT or MRI shows a fluid-filled cystlike structure in the uterus of a woman of reproductive age especially if there is a coexistent ovarian corpus luteum cyst.
Le A - - 2011
This work aimed to study the features of primary fallopian tube carcinoma during pregnancy and to improve the understanding of clinical gynecologists. The clinical features of a case of primary fallopian tube carcinoma during pregnancy were analyzed. The final diagnosis was Stage IA fallopian tube cancer after cesarean delivery. It ...
Valenzano Menada Mario - - 2010
We describe a rare case of transplacental-transmitted maternal melanoma to the placenta and foetus during the second pregnancy of a 28-year-old woman. She was aware of a greyish-brown nodular lesion on the right gluteus during her first pregnancy. On histological examination, this lesion resulted to be an amelanocitic melanoma. Breast ...
Lejeune B - - 2011
A 2-year-old Red Holstein cow was presented with uterine torsion at 235 days of pregnancy. The fetus extracted by cesarean section had weak vital signs and marked abdominal distention. An edematous pouch that contained tubular structures with peristaltic activity was associated with the umbilical cord. Because of poor prognosis, both ...
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