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Results 201 - 250 of 277
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Harkin K P - - 1990
A 29 year old expectant mother was critically ill at 27 weeks gestation with disseminated metastatic malignant melanoma and was treated with dacarbazine. A dramatic remission was induced and at 38 weeks gestation she went into labour spontaneously and delivered a healthy infant. She relapsed and died eight weeks post ...
Deshpande A D - - 1990
A case of recurrent Bell's palsy occurring in two successive pregnancies in a 37-year-old woman is presented. The causes of facial nerve paralysis of the lower motor neurone type are discussed. The rate of recurrence of Bell's palsy during pregnancy is unknown. Treatment with corticosteroids of Bell's palsy during pregnancy ...
Hira S K - - 1990
Despite availability of simpler serologic tests for syphilis and near cure with penicillin, unacceptably high prevalence of infectious maternal syphilis exist in many developing countries, including Zambia. It is the foremost risk factor for mid-trimester abortions, stillbirths, prematurity and morbidity and mortality among infants born with congenital syphilis in Zambia. ...
Abid A - - 1990
Between 1977 and 1987, seven pregnant women (mean age 28 years) had closed mitral valvotomy through a left lateral thoracotomy during their first (3 cases), second (2 cases) or third (2 cases) trimester. Surgery was necessary either because of acute heart failure with pulmonary edema not responding to medical treatment ...
Klein V R - - 1990
Thirty-three gravidas with syphilis were monitored with hourly vital signs and examinations for 24 hours after treatment with benzathine penicillin G. Fifteen (45%) of the subjects had a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, including all three, 12 of 20 (60%), and none of ten of those with primary, secondary, and latent syphilis, respectively. ...
Char D H - - 1990
We retrospectively reviewed ultrasonographic data on 32 uveal melanomas that had been studied both at a referral institution and at our centre within a six-week period. Generally there were good correlations between ultrasonographic measurements of tumour thickness. The mean absolute difference in ultrasound measurements of tumour thickness was 0.64 mm ...
Duthie S J - - 1990
Between 1984 and 1988 inclusive 34 patients with syphilis during pregnancy were identified in this unit by routine serological screening. There were 2 stillbirths in this group of patients giving a perinatal mortality rate of 59 per 1,000 total births. Analysis of the patients' history and physical examination findings did ...
McManamny D S - - 1989
Treatment of the pregnant woman with melanoma is contentious. With the aid of a computerized melanoma register, in which pregnancy data can be recorded, 290 women with melanoma were reviewed (249 alive and 41 dead). Overall, 23 patients were pregnant at the time of diagnosis of melanoma, and another 23 ...
Bowell P - - 1989
Between 1983 and 1987, 62 out of 76519 pregnancies in 51 mothers had a positive miniaturised Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) test--1 in 1234, or 0.81 per 1000 births. About two thirds of these mothers had syphilis and the remainder non-venereal treponematoses such as yaws or pinta. Antenatal screening identified ...
Wyshak G - - 1989
A higher risk of reproductive system disorders, (which include benign tumors, endometriosis, dilation and curettage, hysterectomy, and other disorders requiring gynecologic biopsies) exist among women with cutaneous melanoma as compared to women with skin cancers: The odds ratio (OR) is 3.2, 95% confidence limits (1.0, 10.1), p = 0.049; as ...
Wong J H - - 1989
The clinical course of 66 patients with stage I melanoma, diagnosed during pregnancy, treated in the Division of Surgical Oncology at UCLA, was retrospectively reviewed. These patients were compared with 619 nonpregnant female patients with melanoma. There was no significant difference between the pregnant population and control population with respect ...
Walsted A - - 1989
A patient is described with two primary malignant melanomas which developed during consecutive pregnancies four years apart. The first melanoma was of the cutaneous nodular type located on the arm. The second, of the superficial spreading type, was located in the oral mucosa near the right tonsil. The influence of ...
Ichihashi M - - 1989
An experimental study of the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of thermal neutron capture therapy (TNCT) for melanoma cell inactivation using 10B1-paraboronophenylalanine (10B1-BPA) was carried out to demonstrate a high therapeutic effect of TNCT, compared with that of fast neutron. Cells preincubated with or without 10B1-BPA at a concentration of 50 ...
Phaosavasdi S - - 1989
The intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin G 2.4 million units weekly for 3 consecutive weeks to syphilitic pregnant women was again confirmed to be clinically effective for prevention of their neonates from congenital syphilis and well accepted as treatment for syphilis in pregnancy. It was administered to 184 cases, or ...
Parker C R CR - - 1988
Several pregnancy complications that are thought to cause chronic intrauterine stress have been found to lead to inappropriate fetal development and reductions in estrogen production. In the current study we sought to evaluate the fetoplacental unit in pregnancies complicated by maternal syphilis (n = 37), with and without fetal infection. ...
Boot J M - - 1988
During 1982-5 the 19S (IgM) fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption (19S (IgM) FTA-ABS) test gave positive results in 19 children. The parental histories were analysed. As five of the children were adopted, 14 pregnancies were evaluated. Mothers of foreign origin and extramarital pregnancies were found to be over-represented. Of 13 women ...
Siplovich L - - 1988
Four newborn patients with congenital syphilis and intestinal obstruction are discussed in this report. In three cases, the obstruction was due to inspissated meconium, simulating the features of meconium ileus in one, meconium plug in the second, and associated with perforation of the terminal ileum in the third. An exocrine ...
Angel J L - - 1988
Severe symptomatic aortic stenosis in pregnancy carries a poor prognosis. Although cardiopulmonary bypass and surgical repair has been reported to have a low maternal mortality, the fetal risk remains substantial. We report a case in which percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty was performed successfully at 19 weeks' gestation. The procedure restored physiologic ...
Kaufman A J - - 1988
A 27-year-old woman with active but stable myasthenia gravis developed pemphigus while she was pregnant. Therapeutic abortion performed for personal reasons was followed by clinical and serologic improvement in her immunobullous disease. Both autoimmune conditions, pemphigus and myasthenia gravis, may be adversely affected by pregnancy. As with another immunobullous disease, ...
Chattopadhyay B - - 1988
Syphilis, though rare, is a serious disease particularly in pregnancy, as undetected it will have severe adverse effects on the growing fetus. An alarming increase in the incidence of primary and secondary syphilis in some countries must prompt efforts to control congenital syphilis by screening and treatment of targeted high-risk ...
Artal R - - 1988
A case of transient ischemic attack presumably due to cardiogenic thromboembolism during pregnancy is described in a 32-year-old woman. The patient had documented mitral valve prolapse which was uncomplicated until this episode. This is the first report in the literature of such a complication during pregnancy. The clinical management is ...
McKown R R - - 1988
The course and outcome of 356 pregnant patients who had a positive serologic test for syphilis and who had delivery at the LSU Medical Center between Jan 1, 1982 and Dec 31, 1984 were compared to those of our general obstetric population. Records of these women and their infants were ...
Bradbeer C S - - 1988
A retrospective study of prostitutes in Singapore showed that they had received less antigonorrhoeal treatment with penicillin derivatives during the three month period before early syphilis was diagnosed than in other three month periods when they had not developed syphilis. This suggests that penicillin derivatives in doses sufficient to treat ...
Mulvihill S J - - 1988
The effect of somatostatin (SS-14) was tested in an anesthetized rabbit model of closed-loop ileal obstruction. Experimental groups included (1) immediate treatment (N = 6) receiving SS-14 2,000 pmol X kg-1 X h-1 intravenously (I.V.) beginning at the time of ileal obstruction, (2) delayed treatment (N = 5) receiving SS-14 ...
Graubard Z Z Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, J. G. Strijdom Hospital, - - 1988
A case of small-bowel volvulus occurring during pregnancy after pancreaticobiliary bypass for morbid obesity is presented. The association between pregnancy, previous small-bowel bypass surgery and intestinal volvulus is discussed.
Pavankumar P - - 1988
Closed mitral valvotomy for rheumatic mitral stenosis was performed on 126 pregnant women (average duration of pregnancy c. 21 weeks), 91% of whom were in NYHA functional class III or IV. Associated functional tricuspid regurgitation was present in 47 (37%) of the women, and 102 (81%) had critical mitral stenosis ...
Safian R D - - 1988
A 39-year-old woman with symptomatic mitral stenosis underwent percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty at the end of her first trimester of pregnancy. Balloon dilatation utilizing a double 18-20 mm balloon technique resulted in improvement in mean mitral gradient (16 to 7 mmHg) and in calculated mitral valve area (1.4 to 2.4 cm2), ...
Schulz K F - - 1987
Africa in the 1980s appears to be facing problems associated with syphilis and gonorrhoea during pregnancy similar in severity and magnitude to those faced by the western world in the early 1900s. From a review of published reports, the prevalence of syphilis seroreactivity in pregnant women in many parts of ...
Goon M S - - 1987
Our experience from 1968 to 1985 in 12 women requiring closed mitral valvotomy during pregnancy is reviewed. All patients had severe mitral stenosis and were in functional class 3 (2 patients) or class 4 (10 patients). Mitral valvotomy was performed between the 18th and the 30th week of pregnancy using ...
Vosloo S - - 1987
Rheumatic mitral valve stenosis is an important nonobstetric complication of pregnancy in an African country. Between January 1965 and September 1985 41 closed mitral valvotomies with a Tubbs dilator were performed in 39 pregnant women (two first trimester, 22 second trimester, and 17 third trimester). All patients experienced symptomatic improvement ...
Schwartz B K - - 1987
Halo cutaneous melanoma developed in a 30-year-old woman. Following wide excision of the melanoma, she remained clinically free of tumor for 5 years. In a subsequent pregnancy, she developed metastases to the liver which became evident in the immediate postpartum period. Long-term survival associated with cutaneous hypopigmentation has been reported ...
McGregor J A - - 1987
We describe seven patients with idiopathic facial (VII) nerve palsy commencing primarily in late pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. One patient had recurrent Bell's palsy in three consecutive pregnancies. Three women developed bilateral palsy. The occurrence of such otherwise rare manifestations of Bell's palsy supports the suggestion that ...
Bendon R W - - 1987
We present 2 examples of previously apparently undescribed congenital anomalies that recurred in a subsequent pregnancy. In one case this was a multiple-congenital-anomalies syndrome of hydranencephaly with multinucleated neurons, hypoplastic kidneys, and syndactyly of the second and third toes. The second case involved atrioventricular valve thickening resulting in tricuspid insufficiency ...
Ziaya P R - - 1986
Untreated syphilis during pregnancy may result in stillbirth in one fourth of cases, while in infants who survive, there may be serious immediate and delayed manifestations. Penicillin is the drug of choice for treating both mother and fetus. We describe a woman with an allergy against both major and minor ...
Coelho J C - - 1986
The motility of the gastrointestinal tract of six opossums with total and four with partial small bowel obstruction was evaluated. Following the establishment of small bowel obstruction, the migrating myoelectric complex was substituted by a new pattern which was characterized by periods of intense spike activity interspersed with quiescent periods. ...
Glickman R M - - 1986
The synthesis of apolipoprotein B (apoB) was examined in human fetal and adult intestine and liver. Intestine and liver were minced and then incubated with [3H]leucine, homogenized, and subjected to immunoprecipitation with antiserum that recognized both apoB-100 and apoB-48 (forms of apoB found in low density lipoproteins and in chylomicrons, ...
Vitali E - - 1986
Ninety-eight pregnancies in 57 patients with mechanical (ball or tilting disc) prosthetic heart valves are described. Sixty-one pregnancies developed in 36 patients with a mitral prosthesis, 12 pregnancies in 9 patients with an aortic prosthesis, 17 pregnancies in 10 patients with both mitral and aortic prostheses and 8 pregnancies in ...
Møller D - - 1986
The first case in Denmark of malignant melanoma metastasizing to the placenta and the fetal circulation is presented. The fact that shortly before becoming pregnant the patient had been treated with wide excision and regional lymph node dissection for a cutaneous melanoma of the right calf, gives further support to ...
Judge D M - - 1986
About 6% of perinatal mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, is associated with congenital syphilis. We report on 65 autopsies and the accompanying maternal examinations and interviews. Congenital syphilis was most common in unwanted pregnancies, in women with previous stillborns, in those who had multiple sexual partners, and in those who ...
Hamdy M H - - 1986
Histochemical studies of the intestine were performed on five neonates, three with intestinal atresia and two as normal controls. In this preliminary report, changes secondary to ischemia and obstruction were defined. It was shown that the ischemic changes were limited in extent both proximally and distally, and the obstructive changes ...
Ewing C I - - 1985
Seven cases of early congenital syphilis have been recorded in the past 10 years in the Mersey Regional Health Authority. Antenatal serology was initially negative in five mothers, who were either incubating or acquired the infection later, and treatment had probably failed in two women given erythromycin for syphilis during ...
D'Alauro F - - 1985
Intestinal parasites and pregnancy commonly coexist. Environmental, nutritional, and immunologic factors influence the clinical manifestations and determine the need for treatment of intestinal parasitism during pregnancy. No serious medical or obstetric problems attributable to intestinal parasites developed among 147 parasitized pregnant refugees living and delivering in a refugee camp in ...
Williams S F - - 1985
The most common malignancies occurring in women of child-bearing ages include breast, cervical, genital, and GI malignancies, and melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia. Pregnancy does not appear to adversely affect the outcome of most tumors but may affect those that are known to be hormonally dependent. The approach in general to ...
Manning B - - 1985
Serological tests for syphilis (with rapid plasma reagin) were performed in 2 767 women attending the antenatal clinic of King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, for their first, booking visit. The test was repeated at the 36th week of pregnancy. A total of 152 women (5,5%) were assumed to have syphilis. ...
Hill J E - - 1985
Coccidiosis caused by Eimeria scabra was diagnosed in a 60-kg finishing hog with severe diarrhea and weight loss. Fresh and fixed tissues from a farrowing to finishing operation in eastern Georgia were submitted. Examination of hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections of small intestine revealed large numbers of thick-walled oocysts and large macrogamonts. Although ...
Deaton J W - - 1985
Two trials were conducted with Single Comb White Leghorn pullets reared from 0 to 19 weeks of age in cages and on litter at the same environmental temperature. Samples were obtained to determine if digestive system differences existed. Criteria measured were gizzard weight and intestine length. Results showed that floor-reared ...
Mascola L - - 1984
Pregnant women with untreated syphilis have high rates of adverse pregnancy outcome. Early syphilis in pregnancy, if not treated, results in 40% loss either by spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, or perinatal death. Another 40% of such pregnancies result in an infant born with congenital syphilis. Only 20% of such pregnancies result ...
Munemura M - - 1983
A case of primary malignant melanoma of the vulva associated with pregnancy in a 31-year-old patient is reported. The primary tumor was first found at week 14 of pregnancy and biopsied on delivery at week 41 of pregnancy. Microscopically, the depth of invasion was Level V. Radical vulvectomy and bilateral ...
Pennington D G - - 1983
A case is reported of three primary superficial spreading melanomas presenting in one patient in the space of 12 months. On each occasion the patient was pregnant at the time of definitive treatment. Local excision was performed for each tumour on the basis that this is appropriate for melanomas of ...
El-Maraghy M - - 1983
Our experience over an 8-year period with 42 pregnant women with mitral stenosis who underwent valvotomy formed the basis of this study. Striking clinical disability was the indication for operation. Closed transventricular valvotomy offered excellent low-risk palliation. Pregnancy per se did not increase the operative risk. The long-term results of ...
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