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Grudzinki Melina M *Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Cirúrgicas †Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Elafin is a natural antimicrobial molecule member of the antileukoproteinase (Trappin) family that is normally expressed in the mucosa of human fallopian tubes and neutrophils. Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which neutrophil influx is present. Current data on elafin expression on fallopian tubes with ectopic pregnancy do not differentiate ...
Setti Amanda S AS Instituto Sapientiae-Centro de Estudos e Pesquisa em Reprodução Assistida, Rua Vieira Maciel, 62, São Paulo 04503-040, SP, Brazil; Fertility-Centro de Fertilização Assistida, Av. Brigadeiro Luis Antonio, 4545, Sao Paulo 01401-002, SP, Brazil; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, Rua Dr. Cesário Motta Junior, 61, Sao Paulo 01221-020, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to perform the first meta-analysis to compare conventional intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes and intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) outcomes in couples with previous ICSI failures (IF) or male factor infertility (MF). A systematic review was performed by searching Medline database to identify ...
Zhao Jing J Reproductive Medicine Center, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of - - 2014
To examine whether sperm DNA fragmentation has an effect on pregnancy and miscarriage after IVF and/or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Systematic review and meta-analysis. University-affiliated teaching hospital. Infertility patient(s). An exhaustive electronic literature search was conducted on MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library, from database inception to October 2013. ...
Elraiyah Tarig T Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; Center For the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Ruptured appendicitis has been implicated in causing scarring, which can lead to infertility and/or ectopic pregnancy. To assess the degree of association and the quality of evidence supporting the relation among appendectomy, female fertility outcomes, and ectopic pregnancy. We systematically searched multiple electronic databases from inception through May 2013 for ...
Goynumer G G Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Education and Research - - 2014
A prospective study was conducted to determine the cut-off values of nuchal skin-fold thickness (NFT) with false-positive rates for each gestational week (GW) for chromosomal abnormalities during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. A total of 2,313 women with normal singleton pregnancies were included in the study. Cases of multiple gestations, ...
Chedane Carole - - 2014
An increase in cryptorchidism has been reported in many countries. One mechanism could be low fetal testosterone production possibly secondary to altered placental human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) release. Our Objective was to compare hCG values from maternal blood between boys with cryptorchidism and normal boys. Total hCG and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) ...
Artunc Ulkumen Burcu B Celal Bayar University School of - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the placental volume and placental mean gray value in preeclampsia and healthy placentas by using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography and Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) analysis. Methods: This case-control prospective study consisted of 27 singleton pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and 54 healthy singleton pregnancies matched ...
Kosiński Przemysław - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine placental growth factor (PIGF) concentration and uterine artery (UtA) Doppler pulsatility index (PI) at 11-13(+6) weeks of gestation in the Polish population. A prospective study was performed in pregnant women who underwent routine ultrasound scan at 11-13(+6) weeks of gestation. All participants ...
Faron Gilles - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We conducted a prospective comparative cohort study to determinate the influence of coitus on quantitative fetal fibronectin test results under normal pregnancy conditions. We also compared values obtained in cervical and vaginal secretions. Methods: In a population of women with normal singleton pregnancies between 22 and 28 weeks ...
Xue Yamei Y Reproductive Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 3, Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310016, - - 2014
The study was designed to investigate the effect of vitrification and slow freezing for the cryopreservation of human day 3 embryos on serum β-hCG levels in pregnancies established after frozen embryo transfer (FET). Of the 1384 FET cycles initiated, 1131 embryo transfers met study criteria and assigned to one of ...
Yoon Chong Hyeok CH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eulji University Medical Center, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
Neural tube defects are the major targets of prenatal diagnoses, along with Down syndrome. Prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida is possible at second trimester of gestation through α-fetoprotein and acetylcholinesterase biochemistry assays and ultrasound. In particular, the discovery of characteristic intracranial signs on ultrasound leads to a very high diagnosis ...
Cortés-Charry Rafael - - 2014
To determine the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) regression in nonmolar gestation. Patients treated at our institution between June 2012 and July 2013 were selected by a deterministic sequential sampling distributed among 2 phases. Distribution of the patients included resolved cases by vaginal delivery and cesarean section in preterm ...
Kacerovsky Marian M Biomedical Research Center, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine Hradec Kralove, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the diagnostic indices and predictive values by bedside assessment of amniotic fluid interleukin-6 concentration in the identification of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and/or histologic chorioamnionitis in patients with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. One hundred twenty-four women with singleton pregnancies were included in this study. ...
Asgharnia Maryam M Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2014
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs in 3% of pregnancies and 30-40% of preterm labors are related to this problem. Early diagnosis of PPROM is very important due to its impact on pregnancy outcomes. To determine the diagnostic value of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in ...
Wang Wei W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Navy General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100048, - - 2014
ABNORMALITIES during pregnancy are regarded as pathological pregnancy. Early detection of anomalies is urgent to take measures as soon as possible to prevent serious pregnancy complications. Procoagulant-anticoagulant imbalance is often the pathological basis of many pathological pregnancy conditions, leading to a hypercoagulable state. We compared the thromboelastographic parameters between pathological ...
Wu Gengxiang - - 2014
To optimize the cutoff level for serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) determination on day 12 after embryo transfer (ET). This was a retrospective data analysis. beta-hCG values on day 12 after ET of 1,057 clinical pregnancies undergoing in vitro fertilization were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curves and optimal cutoff ...
Pomorski Michał M Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine reference values for placental vascular indices and placental volume according to gestational age. The assessment of placental vascular indices and placental volume using 3D Power Doppler and the Virtual Organ Computer-aided Analysis (VOCAL) technique was performed on 100 normal fetuses between 22 ...
Khamisi Selwan S Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Fetal goiter was detected by routine ultrasound in early pregnancy, gestational week (GW) 18, in a 28-year-old woman with no thyroid history, normal thyroid hormone levels and no TSH receptor or thyroid peroxidase antibodies. An umbilical cord blood sample was drawn in GW 23. The analysis indicated fetal hypothyroidism with ...
Nuri Bodakci Mehmet M 1Department of Urology, University of Dicle, 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Dicle, 3Department of Radiology, Diyarbakir Obstetrics and Gynecology and Children Diseases Hospital, 4Department of Radiology, Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
Aim To evaluate the role of doppler ultrasonographorin managing hydronephrosis during pregnancy. Methods The study included 27 pregnant patients with unilateral symptomatic persistent hydronephrosis (group 1) and 38 pregnant patients with physiological hydronephrosis of pregnancy (group 2). All pregnant patients underwent Doppler Ultrasonography to determine the Resistive Index (RI) and ...
Taylor C M CM Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, - - 2014
For heavy metals that have any degree of transfer though the placenta to the fetus, it is unlikely that there are safe limits for maternal blood levels. The only means of reducing fetal exposure is to minimise maternal exposure. There are few recommendations for levels of concern. With the exception ...
Alves Júlio Augusto Gurgel JA Department of Public Health, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish normative data for ophthalmic artery Doppler variables in the first trimester of normal pregnancy. Maternal ophthalmic artery Doppler signals were recorded in 409 singleton pregnancies at 11-14 weeks' gestation, in mothers presenting consecutively for routine antenatal care. Pulsatility and resistance indices (PI, ...
van Veelen G A GA Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynecology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, - - 2014
To describe changes in the absolute values of levator hiatal dimensions and in the contractility and distensibility of hiatal dimensions during pelvic floor contraction and Valsalva maneuver using three/four-dimensional (3D/4D) transperineal ultrasound in women during and after their first pregnancy. 280 nulliparous pregnant women underwent ultrasound examination at 12 weeks' gestation, ...
Atiba Adeniran S AS Department of Chemical Pathology, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, - - 2014
Despite the volume of knowledge and daily reports on pre-eclampsia, its pathogenesis is still yet to be ascertained. Oxidative stress (oxidant (free radical) in excess of antioxidant) injury is one of the recently suggested pathogenetic mechanisms. This study, however, was designed to determine second and third trimesters of plasma malondialdehyde ...
Goynumer G - - 2014
To determine the distribution of cerebral lateral ventricular atrium width (LVAW) as established according to gestational weeks, and calculate the criterion value of LVAW that differentiates normal fetuses from abnormal fetuses. A total of 832 patients meeting the study's criteria were included in the control group. An additional 43 fetuses ...
Lin L L Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) positive rate and how TPOAb affects thyroid function between 7 and 12 weeks of gestation. Six hundred and eleven cases of healthy primipara were enrolled in this study between September 2010 and June 2011, and all of them were given ...
Martínez-Payo Cristina C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Prenatal Diagnosis Unit, University Hospital Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda, C/Manuel de Falla N°1, Majadahonda, 28222 Madrid, - - 2014
Introduction. The value of a single umbilical artery (SUA) in first trimester ultrasound is not well established. The aim of our study was to determinate the relevance of diagnosis of single umbilical artery in first trimester ultrasound as an early marker suggesting the presence of malformations or associated chromosomopathies. Material ...
Staelens Anneleen S E AS Dept. Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium; Dept. Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, - - 2014
To determine intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and to evaluate the reproducibility of IAP-measurements using the Foley Manometer Low Volume (FMLV) in term uncomplicated pregnancies before and after caesarean section (CS), relative to two different reference points and to non-pregnant values. Observational cohort study. Secondary level referral center for feto-maternal medicine. Term ...
Luo Shan S Division of Reproductive Medical Center, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Recent studies have indicated the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonists (GnRH-ant) as an adjuvant treatment to prevent premature luteinization (PL) and improve the clinical outcomes in patients undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). However, the results of these studies are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and ...
Fischer Claudia C Department of Medical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences Jena , Jena , - - 2014
Hypertensive pregnancy disorders affect 6-8% of gestations representing the most common complication of pregnancy for both mother and fetus. The aim of this study was to introduce a new three-dimensional coupling analysis methods - the three-dimensional segmented Poincaré plot analyses (SPPA3) - to establish an effective approach for the detection ...
Shen Junye J Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Agricultural, National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P.R. China; Department of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
Early and accurate diagnosis of pregnancy is important for effective management of an economical pig farm. Besides the currently available methods used in early diagnosis of sows, circulating nucleic acids in peripheral blood may contain some early pregnancy-specific molecular markers. For the first time, microarray analysis of peripheral blood from ...
Fuchs Tomasz - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To evaluate values and variability of T/QRS ratios between 28 and 42 weeks' gestation in term and post-term pregnancies using non-invasive methods with electrodes placed over the maternal abdomen. Methods: Fetal electrocardiograms were recorded from 657 women with singleton pregnancies. Recorded signals were analyzed by KOMPOREL software from ...
Thanasuan Sornlada S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2013
To establish population-specific nomograms of fetal aortic isthmus (AoI) Doppler indices in the period of 24 - 38 weeks' gestation. This was a cross-sectional study of 240 Asian singleton pregnant women at 24 to 38 completed weeks' gestation. Fetal AoI blood flow was evaluated by Doppler study with automatic calculation of ...
Okereke Ce C Department of Physiology, College of Medicine University of Nigeria Enugu campus (UNEC), Enugu - - 2013
Obesity in pregnancy is a global health problem which is associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. The use of weight and height, measured at about ten weeks of gestation, to produce pre-gestational body mass index is recommended for the diagnoses of the condition but limitations abound in under resourced settings. To ...
Ombelet Willem W Genk Institute for Fertility Technology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Genk, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Martelarenlaan 42, Hasselt, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
Many variables may influence success rates after intrauterine insemination (IUI), including sperm quality in the native and washed semen sample. A literature search was performed to investigate the threshold levels of sperm parameters above which IUI pregnancy outcome is significantly improved and/or the cut-off values reaching substantial discriminative performance in ...
Berlit Sebastian - - 2013
Aim: To generate reference values for bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in a German collective of healthy pregnant women. A total of 90 women with a singleton gestation from 23+0 to 40+6 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled from April 2012 until May 2013. Each week of gestation was represented by the ...
Saylık Metin - - 2013
Aim: To investigate whether, intraocular pressure (IOP) is affected when there is a second fetus in the uterus during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Eighty eyes of 40 twin pregnancies (TwPs), 80 eyes of 40 singleton pregnancies (SiPs) and 80 eyes of 40 non-pregnant females (NoPs) were included in the study. ...
de Araújo Lígia Fp - - 2013
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is widely used to treat infertility, and its adequate indication is important to obtain good pregnancy rates. To assess which couples could benefit from IUI, this study aimed to evaluate whether sperm motility using a discontinuous gradient of different densities and incubation in CO2 in normospermic individuals ...
Mekjarasnapha Manasicha - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to establish reference ranges for septum primum excursion and the septum primum excursion index. Methods- Normal singleton pregnancies with certain dates from 14 to 40 weeks' gestation were enrolled to acquire spatiotemporal image correlation volume data sets. The stored data sets were subsequently ...
Sanlorenzo O - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the lower uterine segment (LUS) thickness through transvaginal sonography in late preterm and full term pregnancies with a single previous Cesarean section, to correlate the obtained LUS measurements with intraoperative observations, and to identify a predictive cut-off value in order to ...
Abu-Rustum Reem S - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to establish reference values for the length, area, and circumference of the right and left fetal choroid plexus at 11 to 13 weeks with respect to the fetal biparietal diameter and to compare the right to the left side. Methods- We conducted a ...
Stahmann F - - 2013
Early pregnancy detection is a measure of considerable economic relevance for dairy cattle breeders, and analysis of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) values in blood is one of the methods implemented in practice. Starting from d 30 postconception, cows are considered to be pregnant at PAG levels of 2.0 ng of PAG/mL ...
Hamade Haya - - 2013
The proportion of mothers who exclusively breastfeed their babies up to 6 months remains low. Determinants of breastfeeding practices have been largely documented in high-income countries. Little evidence exists on possible predictors of breastfeeding behaviors in the Middle East. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of breastfeeding in Beirut ...
Armstrong Anderson C - - 2013
Schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SPAH) is a major concern worldwide. However, the role of gender-specific contributing factors in SPAH is unknown. We investigated how systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) values and the presence of severe SPAP relate to gender, menopausal status, and pregnancy history in SPAH patients. Seventy-nine patients diagnosed ...
Singh Neeta N Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
This study was performed to assess the prognostic value of serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG), measured on day 14 post embryo transfer (ET) for predicting multiple gestation and pregnancy wastage in women undergoing in vitro fertilization ET (IVF-ET). This retrospective study was performed between May 2009 and November 2012. ...
Bassiouny Yasmin Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the incidence of congenital anomalies by ultrasound in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies and in spontaneous pregnancies with correlation to the neonatal outcome. Methods: This is a prospective comparative study carried out in Kasr Al Aini hospital Cairo University from January 2010 to December 2012 comparing ...
Yamada Takashi - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The differences in the d-dimer rise between women with singleton and multifetal pregnancies have not been studied extensively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: d-Dimer levels were determined in 1089 blood specimens from 1089 women in various stages of pregnancy, including 977 and 112 women with singleton and multifetal pregnancies, respectively. None ...
Tan Albert Chao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Variations in racial haemoglobin had been previously described in multiple studies locally and abroad. This study was conducted to quantify the differences in haemoglobin of booking primigravidae amongst the three major races in Malaysia at the antenatal clinic of University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur. FINDINGS: One year prospective ...
Kore Shailesh S Obstetrics & Gynecology, L.T.M. Medical College, Sion, Mumbai, 400022 - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of period of gestation and position of fetal neck on nuchal translucency measurement. Nuchal translucency was measured in the mid-sagittal plane, with the fetal neck in the flexed, neutral, and extended positions in 100 pregnant women between 11 and 13(+6) weeks. ...
Goitein Orly - - 2013
PURPOSE: To define the normal T2* values of liver in the third trimester of pregnancy in normal fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multi-echo gradient echo T2* sequence was applied to the fetal abdomen in the axial plane in women undergoing a fetal MRI (1.5 Tesla [T], MRI system). A region of ...
Ferdousi M A - - 2013
This cross sectional study was carried out on 60 pregnant Bangladeshi women in the department of Radiology and Imaging, BIRDEM for measurement of Pulsatility Index (PI) of umbilical artery of their fetuses by duplex colour Doppler sonography during 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancies. Considering total 2nd and 3rd trimesters ...
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