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Results 201 - 245 of 245
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Bartholomew J R - - 1989
Autoimmune thrombocytopenia purpura frequently is first noted during pregnancy. The severity of the disorder varies, but when the patient presents with active bleeding from any site, therapy is mandatory. Treatment generally consists of corticosteroids and/or splenectomy. A woman developed severe autoimmune thrombocytopenia purpura during pregnancy that proved refractory to corticosteroids ...
Loganathan B G - - 1989
PCBs, DDTs, HCHs (BHCs) and Chlordane compounds were analyzed in lizard goby, Rhinogobius flumineus collected from the River Nagaragawa, Japan during the period from 1968 to 1986. High residue levels of PCBs, DDTs and HCHs were found during late 1960s and early 1970s. From early 1970s, the residual levels started ...
Lugassy G - - 1989
A young woman with recurrent thrombophlebitis following splenectomy for immune thrombocytopenic purpura and two cesarian sections was found to carry a protein C deficiency. This pathology should be considered in any patient with recurrent thromboembolism even when predisposing factors such as pregnancy and postoperative state may by themselves be responsible ...
Sípek A - - 1989
The article deals with Ebstein's anomaly, lithium and their relationship. Some studies suggest that lithium might be involved as a teratogen increasing the incidence of Ebstein's anomaly in the offspring of female patients with manio-depressive psychosis and lithium-administered during pregnancy. The second part of the article contains data on the ...
Neri A - - 1989
The most common autoimmune hemolytic disorder encountered during pregnancy is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Premature separation of the placenta is one of the most serious complications in the second half of pregnancy. Since the association of the two is not known, the aim of the present paper is to present such ...
Purdie D W - - 1988
Mineral homeostasis was studied biochemically and histologically in patients in early pregnancy and at term. In early pregnancy there was evidence of increased and reversible resorption of bone, whereas in late pregnancy bone demonstrated active formation and rapid mineralization with minimal resorption. Gut absorption of calcium was not increased in ...
Wordell C J - - 1987
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder characterized by a low platelet count and purpura. Identification of an antiplatelet antibody suggests that this is an autoimmune disease. Corticosteroids and splenectomy have been the major therapies for many years. High-dose intravenous immune globulin (IV-IgG) has been very successful in the management ...
Shiavi R - - 1987
The electromyographic (EMG) gait patterns of both lower limbs in 12 hemiparetic patients were studied during the early and late recovery periods. The linear envelopes of surface EMG were ensemble averaged to represent performance. The patients' stride parameters and EMG envelopes were compared to those of normal individuals measured at ...
Yeh H C - - 1986
The uterine cavity appears on sonograms as a linear echo, which is usually visible during early pregnancy and remains straight until the eighth to ninth week of gestation. The early gestational sac is not enveloped by two layers of decidua, as suggested by descriptions of the double decidual sac sign; ...
Hering E R - - 1986
For the early mouse foot skin reactions an increase in RBE relative to 60Co has been found for the irradiations with X ray beams generated between 100 and 250 kVp at both the surface and depth, respectively. In most cases, the RBE of the late skin reactions for irradiations at ...
Piazzón I - - 1985
Alloreactive T levels of para-aortic lymph nodes (PALN) and spleen were determined on different days of pregnancy in BALB/c females by local and systemic graft-versus-host (GvH) assays. A significant increase in GvH reactivity was registered early in both allogeneic and syngeneic matings, operating not only towards paternal but also towards ...
Natelson E A - - 1985
A 29-year-old woman developed thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura on two occasions, each with onset at about the 13th week of gestation. Despite therapy during each episode with corticosteroids, platelet aggregation-modifying agents and repeated plasmapheresis, she experienced only transient improvement. In both instances, however, prompt hematologic recovery followed evacuation of the uterus. ...
Ambrose A - - 1985
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura during pregnancy in which both mother and fetus have survived has been an exceedingly rare occurrence, due at least in part to the difficulty in distinguishing this uncommon disease from hematologic complications of preeclampsia. In the nonpregnant patient, the use of plasma infusion or exchange plasmapheresis as ...
Upshaw J D JD - - 1985
We present three cases of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and one case of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) occurring during pregnancy. All patients and their offspring survived, and none of the infants had TTP or HUS. Plasma manipulations (exchange and infusions) were the effective therapeutic measures in all patients. The most ...
Jouppila P - - 1984
To study the significance of maternal prolactin (PRL) secretion in early pregnancy failures, intravenous thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation tests were carried out in 39 women with normal or doomed early pregnancy, as verified by ultrasound examination, before the onset of clinical symptoms of abortion. The basal PRL levels did not ...
Bolande R P - - 1984
Several basic empirical facts are emphasized about human developmental oncology. The first is that teratogenesis and oncogenesis are intimately related and that indeed teratogenesis may be the more primitive reaction to the types of mutagenic injury giving rise to neoplasm. The second is that neoplasms of early life, particularly those ...
Logaridis T E - - 1983
Eight pregnancies complicated by immunologic thrombocytopenic purpura are described and the literature is reviewed. We conclude that, while steroid treatment favorably influenced fetal platelet counts in our cases, overall experience with this disease indicates that such protection is incomplete in some cases and unnecessary in others. Antiplatelet antibody levels show ...
Atlas M - - 1982
A 20 week primigravida with intrauterine fetal death and the rare occurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in pregnancy is presented. Aprotinin has been used to overcome uterine inertia non-responsive to oxytocin stimulation. TTP was successfully treated with repeated plasmaphereses. The literature is briefly reviewed and the complexity and importance ...
Mau G - - 1981
In a sample of 3,602 male newborns we found 33 patients with hypospadias; eight of them were exposed to progestins during early pregnancy. The relative risk for hypospadias after exposure was 1.75 (confidence intervals 0.5 - 4.4). Progestin intake during early pregnancy does not measurably contribute to the incidence of ...
Schafer A I - - 1981
The clinical teratogenicity of the new antileukemic chemotherapeutic agents administered to mothers early in the first trimester of pregnancy is not well defined. Cytarabine and thioguanine were given in identical doses to the same mother during the first trimester of two separate pregnancies. Both pregnancies resulted in viable babies, one ...
Whitfield M F - - 1980
A third case of chondrodysplasia punctata after exposure to warfarin alone in early pregnancy is described. The clinical course of the child during the first 18 months is outlined. The use of warfarin in early pregnancy must be avoided because of its established teratogenic effects in causing this syndrome, in ...
Yang C - - 1979
A 24-year-old Chinese female developed fever, fluctuating neurological and renal manifestations, microangopathic hemolytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia during the 11th week of her first pregnancy. Therapy for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), initiated during the 15th week of her pregnancy, including corticosteroids, platelet aggregation inhibitors, hysterotomy, and splenectomy was ineffective. However, dramatic ...
Cort J H - - 1978
Natural vasopressins have been used, with varying success, in attempts to stop bleeding from esophageal varices for over two decades. Reasons for lack of success include (a) failure to induce a sufficiently prolonged and constant vasoconstrictor effect at the bleeding site, (b) dangerous side-effects, and (c) release of plasminogen activator ...
Main B J - - 1978
The contributions made by metatarsus primus varus, medial subluxation of the navicular, and angulation of the neck of the talus to the residual deformity in treated club feet were assessed from radiographs. Their relation to the appearance of the feet, to the age of the patient, to the results of ...
Rutkow I M - - 1978
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a disease process characterized by microangiopathic anemia, fever, neurologic manifestations, renal abnormalities, and thrombocytopenia. These clinical findings are caused by vascular occlusions of the microcirculation. At present the utilization of splenectomy, in the treatment of this illness, remains a highly controversial subject. However, review of ...
Davison J M - - 1978
In healthy women the 24-hour endogenous creatinine clearance is elevated by some 50 percent within 6 weeks of conception and an analogous increase of the 24-hour glucose excretion occurs. 24-hour glucose excretion later reverts to normal, reflecting a delayed onset of increased tubular reabsorption.Following unilateral nephrectomy there are marked increases ...
Plewig G - - 1978
A 36 year old woman with psoriasis vulgaris developed generalized photoallergic dermatitis to 8-methoxypsoralen after 16 uneventful treatments with 8-methoxypsoralen und UVA (PUVA). The diagnosis of photoallergy was confirmed by re-exposure to oral 8-methoxypsoralen and total body UVA irradiation; phototests using topical and oral 8-methoxypsoralen with a high intensity monochromator ...
Szilágyi T - - 1978
Comparative experiments were made in rabbits with Escherichia coli O89 endotoxin and endotoxin detoxified by ionizing radiation (60Co-gamma, 5 Mrad). Radiation significantly weakened the leukopenia and thrombocytopenia provoking effect of endotoxin. Radiodetoxified endotoxin decreased the fibrinogen level only slightly and caused insignificant changes in reptilase time. The complement level was ...
David T J - - 1977
Finger and palm print patterns (dermatoglyphs) are formed in very early pregnancy, at about the same time the limbs are developing, and their formation probably depends upon the surface contours of the palms and soles during morphogenesis. Dermatoglyphs are useful in skeletal dysplasias for the detection and study of syndactyly ...
Fitzgibbons J F - - 1977
When thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) occurs in pregnancy, survival of either the mother or fetus is exceedingly rare. A patient is reported who developed this disease in the 17th week of pregnancy and recovered after treatment with antiplatelet drugs (aspirin, dipyridamole) and corticosteroids. The rationale and potential hazards of antiplatelet ...
Robinson E T - - 1977
The value of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy and of the pregnancy diagnostic test as predictors of pregnancy was estimated for 1,592 women seen in general practice. The presence of a sign or symptom alone is a poor pointer to a diagnosis of pregnancy. The combination of pairs of ...
Hazelrigg D E - - 1977
Twenty-nail dystrophy is an idiopathic nail dystrophy that begins insidiously in early childhood. All 20 nails are uniformly affected with excessive longitudinal striations and loss of nail luster. The skin and its ectodermal derivatives are otherwise normal. Twenty-nail dystrophy is believed to be a self-limited abnormality that resolves slowly with ...
Gardner W J - - 1977
The Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM) is hydrocephalus that primarily affects the fourth ventricle, whose overdistention involves also the aqueduct and third ventricle. However, just the opposite is true in the Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) since the hydrocephalus is limited to the lateral ventricles which squeeze the third ventricle between them and compress ...
May H V HV - - 1976
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), a disorder of unknown etiology, appears to be a syndrome often associated with infectious, vascular, or autoimmune diseases. When it occurs in pregnancy, TTP can mimic other gestational complications. Two patients with TTP associated with pregnancy form the basis of this report. On patient is the ...
Schenk J - - 1976
Investigations into the therapeutic properties of various combinations of the bispyridinium salts HS-3 and HS-6 and the cholinolytics atropine and benactyzine against soman poisoning in unanesthetized male beagles were performed. In our investigations we observed that: 1. The most effective protection against soman poisoning was attained if both oximes were ...
Miller P - - 1976
Histamine and 5-HT have been demonstrated to be involved in pinnal anaphylaxis in mice. Each predominates at different stages during the 30-min development of the reaction. The main mediator of the early stage of the reaction (0-10 min) is histamine, that of the middle stage (10-20 min) is 5-HT, and ...
Fourie D T - - 1975
A case of congenital stippled epiphyses is presented, and attention is drawn to the possibility that this condition was caused by maternal ingestion of warfarin during early pregnancy.
Linklater K A - - 1975
Two gilts, non-affected members of a litter which had been affected with thrombocytopenic purpura were mated to a boar which was an affected member of the same litter. During pregnancy the gilts were injected with pure thrombocyte suspensions from the boar. Antibodies to the boar's thrombocytes were demonstrated in the ...
Sternberg J - - 1973
Irradiation during pregnancy may occur either as the result of radioactive pollution of the environment, or during a medical procedure using x-rays or radionuclides. While the former is usually unforeseeable, the latter is known and accepted by both physician and patient.Recent statistics estimate that about one quarter of pregnant women ...
Schou M - - 1973
Children breast-fed by women on lithium treatment ingested lithium with the milk. Their serum lithium concentration was one-third to one-half the concentration in the nursing women's serum. Bottle-feeding should be considered for children of women on lithium treatment.
Schou M - - 1973
We have collected information about 118 children born to mothers who were given lithium treatment during the first trimester of pregnancy. The data show that the risk of teratogenic effects is lower than one might have expected from some of the studies carried out on rats and mice; they do ...
Schou M - - 1973
The renal lithium clearance of a manic-depressive woman rose when she became pregnant and fell to the prepregnancy level when she gave birth. The lithium clearances of four healthy women were higher during pregnancy than after delivery. This emphasizes the need for frequent determinations of the serum lithium concentration and ...
McKeown T - - 1970
In larger mammals natural selection has led to reduction of litter size and prolongation of the period of gestation. Even in human pregnancy, which is normally single, gestation is prolonged beyond the time when the growth of most fetuses can be fully supported. This conclusion is based on comparison of ...
Fletcher, Barbara Healther Vivienne.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Queensland, 2001.
POULSON E - - 1960
The effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine and iproniazid on pregnancy in mice and rabbits were investigated. 5-Hydroxytryptamine can interrupt pregnancy at all stages in mice but is particularly effective early and late in pregnancy. Iproniazid exerts its action essentially in the first half of pregnancy. 5-Hydroxytryptamine produces striking hemorrhage in the placenta.
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