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Vanderhaeghe C - - 2011
A retrospective study, based on 60 990 farrowing records from 35 commercial herds, was performed to determine the incidence of early parturition (<114d) and to investigate the relationship between early parturition and total number of piglets born, number of piglets born alive and percentage of stillborn piglets per litter. The mean ...
Engelhorn C A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Impact of pregnancies on great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux patterns deserves clarification. Which GSV segment is most affected? Is the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) involved? METHODS: Colour-flow duplex ultrasonography was performed in 583 women extremities with primary varicose veins (clinical, aetiological, anatomical and pathological elements [CEAP C2]), without oedema, skin ...
Myers Linda - - 2010
The occurrence of a hypercoagulable state and decreasing concentration of ADAMTS 13 in late pregnancy and during the postpartum period increases the risk for a woman to develop life-threatening thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). This is also the time of great risk for the more common obstetric complications of preeclampsia; eclampsia; ...
Lam Kimberly - - 2010
Thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but potentially devastating complication of pregnancy. We report the first documented case of a successful treatment of recurrent TTP complicating pregnancy in a renal transplant patient.
Han B H - - 2010
X-ray exposure, especially if directed to the abdominal region, is of major concern for pregnant women and their physicians. In this study, favourable long-term outcomes are reported in a series of babies born to women inadvertently exposed to barium enema, and associated ionising radiation, early in pregnancy. Six singleton babies ...
Gerth Jens - - 2009
Thrombocytopenia during pregnancy is a common diagnostic and management problem. Several differential diagnosis must be considered including manifestations of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). We report here on a case of a 21-year-old pregnant woman who presented initially severe thrombocytopenia (8 Gpt/l) in the 20(th)+1 week of gestation. The patient had ...
Stella Caroline L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report a series of occurrences of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)/hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in pregnancy that emphasizes early diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen pregnancies with TTP (n = 12) or HUS (n = 2) were studied. Analysis focused on clinical and laboratory findings on examination, initial diagnosis, and treatment. ...
Kato R - - 2009
We present the case of a woman with congenital ADAMTS13 deficiency and discuss peripartum management of her fourth pregnancy. All four pregnancies were complicated by significant thrombocytopenia. Her first pregnancy ended with fetal demise ascribed to HELLP syndrome and placental abruption. During her second pregnancy, she was diagnosed with idiopathic ...
Fujimura Yoshihiro - - 2009
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is a congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) due to mutations in the gene that encodes for ADAMTS13 (ADAMTS13), but its clinical signs may be mild or absent during childhood. We have identified 37 patients with USS (24 females, 13 males) belonging to 32 families. The nine women ...
Ehsanipoor Robert M - - 2009
In pregnancy, it may be difficult to differentiate the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets from thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura. Severely depressed (<5%) or absence of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-13 activity levels are associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura and mildly decreased levels are associated with ...
Iqbal R K - - 2009
Ischaemic cerebrovascular events in pregnancy are uncommon. The anaesthetic management of a pregnant patient within six weeks of an ischaemic cerebrovascular event has not previously been reported. Issues raised include consent and minimising further neurological insult. Changes in regional blood flow, cerebral metabolic rate and integrity of the blood brain ...
Hoem Jan M - - 2008
We explore trends in first-union formation in Bulgaria from 1960, using data from the national Gender and Generations Survey of 2004. We analyse jointly the transition into cohabitation and directly into marriage. The standardized marriage rate falls dramatically from the early 1980s; the corresponding rate of entry into cohabitation has ...
Xiao Ting - - 2008
Recently there have been some reports concerned the treatment of early stage mycosis fungoides (MF) with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy. In most of the previous reports, NB-UVB phototherapy was given three times a week on non-consecutive days. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a twice weekly regimen ...
Sharma Aman - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a thrombotic microangiopathy leading to microvascular occlusion resulting in ischemic dysfunction of various organs. Pregnancy has been thought to precipitate it during second and third trimester, but its reports in first trimester are extremely rare. We report the clinical protocol of a young lady with 5-week ...
Patel Ds - - 2008
Early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) or early surfactant therapy with early extubation onto nCPAP rather than continued mechanical ventilation has been adopted by many centres, particularly in Scandinavia, as part of the treatment of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. It has been suggested that bronchopulmonary dysplasia is less ...
Kodner R B - - 2008
Steroids, a class of triterpenoid lipids with high preservation potential, are widely distributed in sedimentary rocks. All eukaryotes have a physiological requirement for these molecules, making steroids important biomarkers for aiding our understanding of eukaryote molecular evolution and geologic history. C(26)-C(30) sterols are the molecules most commonly incorporated or synthesized ...
Becker Michael A - - 2008
Clinical benefit early in urate-lowering treatment of gout is difficult to document. We examined data from 1,832 gouty subjects treated with either urate-lowering agents or placebo to identify determinants of gout flare incidence and tophus size during year 1 of treatment. Reductions from pretreatment serum urate levels influenced flare frequency ...
Martin James N JN - - 2008
A review of pregnancy-associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in 166 pregnancies was undertaken using 92 English-language publications from 1955 to 2006. Initial and recurrent TTP presents most often in the second trimester (55.5%) after 1-2 days of signs/symptoms; postpartum TTP usually occurs following term delivery. TTP with preeclampsia (n = ...
Kiki Ilhami - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterized by disseminated thrombotic occlusions located in the microcirculation and a syndrome of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, fever, and renal and neurologic abnormalities. Although several factors such as viral and bacterial pathogens, pancreatitis, drugs, collagen-vascular diseases, cancers, and pregnancy have been reported to be ...
Strasser Sanne M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare disease. However, in pregnant women it occurs more frequently. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura may be a severe condition for both mother and fetus. CASE: This is a case of severe but temporary fetal heart rate abnormalities in a pregnancy complicated by thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. ...
Condous George - - 2008
Australian women with early pregnancy complications, like their English counterparts, should have access to ultrasound-based early pregnancy units (EPUs) nationwide. This modern approach to women with first trimester problems would not only streamline individual care pathways but also reduce the impact that early pregnancy problems have on already overburdened public ...
Hoffman Ann N AN Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United - - 2008
Environmental enrichment (EE) is superior to standard (STD) housing in promoting functional recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, whether the EE-mediated benefits after TBI are dependent on exposure to enrichment during neurobehavioral training has not been elucidated. To address this issue, isoflurane-anesthetized adult male rats received either a cortical ...
Jamshed Saad - - 2007
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) commonly affects women of childbearing age. Although cases of TTP in pregnancy have been reported, the pathology of TTP in the placenta has not been described. In other organs, TTP has a distinctive pathology of arteriolar aneurysms with segmental intramural hyaline deposits. Published many decades ago, ...
Ruff Christopher - - 2008
Lower-to-upper limb-bone proportions give valuable clues to locomotor behavior in fossil taxa. However, to date only external linear dimensions have been included in such analyses of early hominins. In this study, cross-sectional measures of femoral and humeral diaphyseal strength are determined for the two most complete early Homo erectus (or ...
Gernsheimer Terry - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review assesses the need for revision of the present guidelines for immune thrombocytopenic purpura in pregnancy based on evidence-based data from published articles of relevance. RECENT FINDINGS: The American Society of Hematology (ASH) and British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH) guidelines indicate that at platelet ...
Giovanni Larciprete - - 2007
Inherited thrombophilia is believed to be a multiple gene disease with more than one defect. We wanted to determine the association between single thrombophilic patterns and a variety of pregnancy diseases. 301 pregnant women were recruited for the present case-control study and were divided into two groups: A group (176 ...
Reichenberger M A - - 2008
Chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) is a persistent, ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced eczema by either UVA, UVB or visible light. We present the case of a 48-year-old woman suffering from severe CAD. Various therapeutic approaches, including topical and local corticosteroids and other systemic immunosuppressives, were used without success, making surgical treatment the ...
Nordin Steven - - 2007
Adverse reactions to ambient odorous and pungent substances in daily activities among pregnant women who are half-way through pregnancy, and changes in odor perception at predominantly an early stage of pregnancy motivated the present study of odor intolerance at an early pregnancy stage. Ninety-five women averaging gestational week 11 and ...
Khan Nasrat M - - 2007
We describe a bilateral leukocoria and neonatal purpura fulminans in a male infant, born at full term after an unremarkable pregnancy to a healthy consanguineous married couple. Multiple hemorrhagic skin bullae were found at birth on various parts of the body with bilateral leukocoria, organized vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, and ...
Skovsted Christian B - - 2007
Predation is arguably one of the main driving forces of early metazoan evolution, yet the fossil record of predation during the Ediacaran-Early Cambrian transition is relatively poor. Here, we present direct evidence of failed durophagous (shell-breaking) predation and subsequent shell repair in the Early Cambrian (Botoman) epibenthic mollusc Marocella from ...
Sbrissa Diego - - 2007
Perturbations in phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2)-synthesizing enzymes result in enlarged endocytic organelles from yeast to humans, indicating evolutionarily conserved function of PtdIns(3,5)P2 in endosome-related events. This is reinforced by the structural and functional homology of yeast Vac14 and human Vac14 (ArPIKfyve), which activate yeast and mammalian PtdIns(3,5)P2-producing enzymes, Fab1 and PIKfyve, ...
Ahman S - - 2007
Treatment of Malassezia pachydermatis-associated seborrhoeic dermatitis with oral itraconazole was investigated in six Devon Rex cats (DRC). The cutaneous populations of Malassezia were determined using contact plates and a swab-wash method before and after 21 days of pulse treatment with itraconazole (5 mg kg-1 once daily, 7 days on, 7 ...
Sugiyama Mikio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In a prospective birth cohort study, we sought to identify perinatal predictors of the occurrence of atopic dermatitis in the first year of life. METHODS: Associations of family history, infection during pregnancy, cord blood cytokine concentrations, and skin function parameters with atopic dermatitis were analyzed. Stratum corneum hydration was ...
Edey Katharine - - 2007
The advent of a 1-stop approach to managing women with early pregnancy problems led to the development of early pregnancy clinics. Such clinics progressed to providing a patient centered approach, minimising inpatient admissions while providing women with an early diagnosis of miscarriage or extrauterine pregnancy by a multiprofessional group of ...
Freeman Gary - - 2007
As extant bilaterian phyla emerged during the Lower Cambrian, these clades acquired morphological features that separated them from their stem groups. At the same time, morphological variants on the body plan within a phylum emerged that we recognize as classes and subphyla. In many cases, the emergence of body plan ...
Pemble L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the change in long saphenous vein (LSV) area in early pregnancy and the reversal postpartum in comparison with non-pregnant control values. METHODS: Ultrasonography was used to determine the LSV areas at four different levels in the right and left legs of women in an erect position. The ...
Levasseur-Regourd A C - - 2006
During the epoch of early bombardment, terrestrial planets have been heavily impacted by cometary nuclei and cometary dust particles progressively injected in the interplanetary medium. Stardust and Deep Impact missions confirm that the nuclei are porous, loosely consolidated objects, with densities below 1,000 kg m(-3), and that they often release ...
Bandyopadhyay Amitabha - - 2006
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family members, including BMP2, BMP4, and BMP7, are expressed throughout limb development. BMPs have been implicated in early limb patterning as well as in the process of skeletogenesis. However, due to complications associated with early embryonic lethality, particularly for Bmp2 and Bmp4, and with functional redundancy ...
Farshidi Arta - - 2006
Despite multiple therapeutic modalities, treatment of atopic dermatitis with its chronic, relapsing nature remains a challenge. Chronic use of standard therapies is associated with variable efficacy and potential side effects. Targeted therapeutic approaches using biologic agents may prove to be a novel alternative. We present a case of severe recalcitrant ...
Nisaratanaporn Sukrutai - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the maternal and fetal outcome of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The medical records of women who were diagnosed to be idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura during and before pregnancy from January 1995 to December 2004 were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 33pregnancies from 29 ITP ...
Rehberg Jonathan F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura rarely presents during late pregnancy or immediately postpartum. This report describes the clinical course of a patient considered to have hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome but later determined to have thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. CASE: At 37 weeks of gestation, a multiparous woman was ...
Fujiwara A - - 2006
During the interval from September through early December 2005, the Hayabusa spacecraft was in close proximity to near-Earth asteroid 25143 Itokawa, and a variety of data were taken on its shape, mass, and surface topography as well as its mineralogic and elemental abundances. The asteroid's orthogonal axes are 535, 294, ...
Wignall Paul B - - 2006
Dramatic global warming, triggered by release of methane from clathrates, has been postulated to have occurred during the early Toarcian age in the Early Jurassic period. Kemp et al. claim that this methane was released at three points, as recorded by three sharp excursions of delta13C(org) of up to 3 ...
Dalton Vanessa K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of intrauterine adhesions after manual vacuum aspiration for early pregnancy failure. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): Three women with intrauterine adhesions after manual vacuum aspiration for the treatment of early pregnancy failure. INTERVENTION(S): Chart review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Hysteroscopic diagnosis of intrauterine ...
Caspari Rachel - - 2006
Increased longevity, expressed as the number of individuals surviving to older adulthood, represents a key way that Upper Paleolithic Europeans differ from earlier European (Neandertal) populations. Here, we address whether longevity increased as a result of cultural/adaptive change in Upper Paleolithic Europe, or whether it was introduced to Europe as ...
Mtiraoui N - - 2006
Because they have been described as strong risk factors for idiopathic recurrent pregnancy losses (RPLs), we assessed the association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) C677T and A1298C and hyperhomocysteinemia in Tunisian women with idiopathic RPL. Study subjects comprised 200 patients with more than three consecutive RPLs, and ...
Suri Vanita - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura commonly affects women of childbearing age and is associated with maternal and fetal complications. Management of a pregnant patient is difficult and requires combined care of obstetrician and a neonatologist. We report our experience of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura during pregnancy during the last 7 years. METHOD: ...
Zhou Zhonghe - - 2005
An ornithurine bird, Hongshanornis longicresta gen. et sp. nov., represented by a nearly complete and articulated skeleton in full plumage, has been recovered from the lacustrine deposits of the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group in Inner Mongolia, northeast China. The bird had completely reduced teeth and possessed a beak in both ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The maternal glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) level in early pregnancy has been observed to be lower than the prepregnant value. In Japan, the average body mass index (BMI) shows a very slight change during early pregnancy, which has been thought to be associated with the incidence of hyperemesis gravidarum. METHODS: ...
TenBrook Patti L - - 2005
Seedlings of rice, early watergrass (thiobencarb-resistant and thiobencarb-susceptible biotypes, R and S, respectively), and late watergrass (thiobencarb-resistant and thiobencarb-susceptible biotypes, R and S, respectively) were hydroponically exposed to clomazone at concentrations ranging from 0.08 to 7.9 microM. Whole-plant growth (mg fresh wt) and beta-carotene concentrations (microg g(-1) fresh wt) were ...
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