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Results 51 - 100 of 245
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Kaur Gurmandeep - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that women with high serum beta-HCG levels in early pregnancy are at higher risk of developing PIH. Serum beta-HCG estimation was done by CLIA method in 200 women between 13 and 20 weeks of gestation, selected randomly for this study from July 2008 to Aug 2009. Multiple ...
Imsoonthornruksa Sumeth - - 2012
Abstract Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) holds potential as a useful tool for agricultural and biomedical applications. In vitro development of marbled cat intergeneric SCNT reconstructed into domestic cat cytoplast revealed that cloned, marbled cat embryo development was blocked at the morula stage. No pregnancies resulted from the transfer of ...
Li W J - - 2012
To explore the clinical values in detecting the placental elastic modulus using real-time quantitative shear wave elasticity imaging. A total of 30 women in the late pregnancy stage without complications and having normal, single pregnancies, as well as normal fetal growth, amniotic fluid index, and anterior placenta were selected. A ...
Andrei Cristian - - 2012
Objectives: To establish reference ranges for middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA PSV) and to certify their value in the management of Rhesus alloimmunized pregnancies.Material and methods: A reference range of MCA PSV with gestation was constructed by studying 342 pregnancies at 25-40 weeks. A comparison was made between ...
Martinefski Manuela M Department of Analytical Chemistry and Physicochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113 Buenos Aires, - - 2012
Until now, biochemical parameter for diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) mostly used is the rise of total serum bile acids (TSBA) above the upper normal limit of 11 μM. However, differential diagnosis is very difficult since overlapped values calculated on bile acids determinations, are observed in different conditions of ...
Ergin Rahime Nida RN Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bayındır Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2012
Measurement of intracranial translucency (IT), which is a recent earlier recognizable sonographic marker, has been suggested for detection of spina bifida. In this prospective study we aimed to determine normative values of IT in the population of Turkish singleton pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Between January 2011 ...
Dehnhard M - - 2011
Understanding the complex endocrine interactions that control reproduction in felids is essential for captive breeding management. The most important demand is a quick and reliable pregnancy diagnosis. However, the occurrence of pseudopregnancies in felids complicates matters. We investigated whether the fecal prostaglandin metabolite (PGFM) recently suggested for pregnancy diagnosis in ...
Mamun A A - - 2011
Although few studies found that the offspring of women who experienced preeclampsia have higher blood pressure (BP) at childhood and adolescence, no study has observed whether this association exists for adult offspring. To examine whether maternal hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) predicts adult offspring BP. We followed a sub-sample of ...
Fraser Abigail A MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology and the School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Little is known about associations of gestational weight gain (GWG) with long-term maternal health. We aimed to examine associations of prepregnancy weight and GWG with maternal body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 16 y after pregnancy. This is ...
Mochtar M H - - 2011
BACKGROUND The evidence underpinning the timing of an oocyte collection in IVF or ICSI is limited. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the follicle diameter size of the dominant follicle on ongoing pregnancy rates. METHODS We conducted a randomized controlled trial, including women aged between ...
Tuncer Pürhan Barbaros - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of different sugars (raffinose, sucrose, and trehalose) on bull spermatozoa cryopreserved in a commercial extender (Optidyl) supplemented with glutamine on semen parameters, fertilizing ability and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Nine ejaculates for each bull were used in ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether inadequate, thin endometrium (<7 mm), after failure to expand with standard treatment options, will be responsive to cytokine treatment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of four patients. SETTING: Two independent IVF centers in New York City. PATIENT(S): Four consecutive women undergoing IVF who, after standard endometrial preparation, ...
Mihailovic T - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the two frontomaxillo-facial (FMF) angles: the FMF-vomer (FMF-v) and the FMF-palate (FMF-p), and to visualize the vomer in the 1 (st) and early 2 (nd) trimester, in order to ascertain whether they can be used as markers for trisomy 21 and ...
Kuć Paweł - - 2011
The impact of endometrial growth to the triple layer, endometrial thickness, and echogenicity on IVF outcomes was investigated in the study. A retrospective analysis of 583 ICSI patients was conducted: 385 with a long GnRH agonist protocol, 114 with a short GnRH agonist, and 84 with a GnRH antagonist protocol. ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
Objective. To compare the efficacy of intrauterine insemination versus timed intercourse with clomiphene citrate as a first-line treatment for anovulatory infertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design. A randomized controlled trial following the CONSORT criteria. Setting. A university hospital and a private practice setting. Patients. 188 women (525 cycles) with ...
Greco Elena - - 2011
To define the potential value of endocervical length at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous early delivery. The lengths of the endocervix and cervico-isthmic complex were measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11 to 13 weeks in singleton pregnancies, including 1492 that subsequently delivered after 34 weeks ...
Kyabayinze Daniel J - - 2011
Malaria has a negative effect on the outcome of pregnancy. Pregnant women are at high risk of severe malaria and severe haemolytic anaemia, which contribute 60-70% of foetal and perinatal losses. Peripheral blood smear microscopy under-estimates sequestered placental infections, therefore malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) detecting histidine rich protein-2 antigen ...
Kor-Anantakul Ounjai - - 2010
Aims: To establish the normative data distribution of nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in Thai fetuses. Methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted among 6,455 women with singleton pregnancies and gestational age between 10 and 14 weeks. For each case, the fetal crown-rump length (CRL) and NT were measured by transabdominal ...
Kehila Mehdi - - 2010
Background : Study of endometrial thickness is central to the monitoring of ovulation in in vitro fecondation (IVF). Actually, failures of in vitro fecundation are mainly due to implantation failure of embryo. Aims : • To assess whether the endometrial thickness the day of the induction of ovulation influences or ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
To compare the effect of combined metformin and clomiphene citrate (CC) with laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) meant for ovulation induction in CC-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Two-hundred and eighty-two anovulatory women with CC-resistant PCOS were selected in this randomized controlled trial. Patients (n = 138) received combined metformin-CC ...
Pexsters Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess intra- and inter-observer agreement of routinely performed measurements used to assess the likelihood of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy: crown-rump length (CRL) and mean gestation sac diameter (MSD) with transvaginal ultrasonography. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of CRL and gestation sac (GS) measurements in first trimester ...
Hershkovitz Reli - - 2011
To determine echogenicity of normal fetal kidneys during pregnancy by objective computerized method. Computerized-based numerical method was developed, quantifying echogenicity of kidneys. 166 digital pictures of kidneys and liver were collected between 14 and 41 weeks of gestation. Calculating liver echogenicity was used to overcome gain problems. Women were healthy, delivered ...
Nettle Daniel - - 2011
There is growing evidence that the reproductive schedules of female mammals can be affected by conditions experienced during early development, with low parental investment leading to accelerated life-history strategies in the offspring. In humans, the relationships between early-life conditions and timing of puberty are well studied, but much less attention ...
Lopez Patricia - - 2010
We present a first trimester scan suspicious of fetal anterior cephalocele due to the finding of a fetus with an abnormal profile and an abnormal facial angle, with a subsequent early confirmation at 16 weeks of gestation.
Fujita Atsuko - - 2010
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) commonly affects women of childbearing age. We studied the clinical characteristics of pregnant women with ITP to estimate their risks of bleeding. A retrospective chart review was performed for all obstetric patients with ITP who had delivery at our hospital, from 1 March 2000 to 31 ...
Stone Peter R - - 2010
Healthy, nulliparous women at low risk for preterm birth would not usually undergo transvaginal scanning at the 20-week morphology scan. The study aimed to determine whether transabdominal cervical measurement would be sufficient to exclude a short cervix in this population. To investigate the relationship between transabdominal (TA) and transvaginal (TV) ...
Vanderhaeghe C - - 2011
A retrospective study, based on 60 990 farrowing records from 35 commercial herds, was performed to determine the incidence of early parturition (<114d) and to investigate the relationship between early parturition and total number of piglets born, number of piglets born alive and percentage of stillborn piglets per litter. The mean ...
Engelhorn C A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Impact of pregnancies on great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux patterns deserves clarification. Which GSV segment is most affected? Is the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) involved? METHODS: Colour-flow duplex ultrasonography was performed in 583 women extremities with primary varicose veins (clinical, aetiological, anatomical and pathological elements [CEAP C2]), without oedema, skin ...
Myers Linda - - 2010
The occurrence of a hypercoagulable state and decreasing concentration of ADAMTS 13 in late pregnancy and during the postpartum period increases the risk for a woman to develop life-threatening thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). This is also the time of great risk for the more common obstetric complications of preeclampsia; eclampsia; ...
Lam Kimberly - - 2010
Thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but potentially devastating complication of pregnancy. We report the first documented case of a successful treatment of recurrent TTP complicating pregnancy in a renal transplant patient.
Han B H - - 2010
X-ray exposure, especially if directed to the abdominal region, is of major concern for pregnant women and their physicians. In this study, favourable long-term outcomes are reported in a series of babies born to women inadvertently exposed to barium enema, and associated ionising radiation, early in pregnancy. Six singleton babies ...
Gerth Jens - - 2009
Thrombocytopenia during pregnancy is a common diagnostic and management problem. Several differential diagnosis must be considered including manifestations of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). We report here on a case of a 21-year-old pregnant woman who presented initially severe thrombocytopenia (8 Gpt/l) in the 20(th)+1 week of gestation. The patient had ...
Stella Caroline L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report a series of occurrences of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)/hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in pregnancy that emphasizes early diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen pregnancies with TTP (n = 12) or HUS (n = 2) were studied. Analysis focused on clinical and laboratory findings on examination, initial diagnosis, and treatment. ...
Kato R - - 2009
We present the case of a woman with congenital ADAMTS13 deficiency and discuss peripartum management of her fourth pregnancy. All four pregnancies were complicated by significant thrombocytopenia. Her first pregnancy ended with fetal demise ascribed to HELLP syndrome and placental abruption. During her second pregnancy, she was diagnosed with idiopathic ...
Fujimura Yoshihiro - - 2009
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is a congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) due to mutations in the gene that encodes for ADAMTS13 (ADAMTS13), but its clinical signs may be mild or absent during childhood. We have identified 37 patients with USS (24 females, 13 males) belonging to 32 families. The nine women ...
Ehsanipoor Robert M - - 2009
In pregnancy, it may be difficult to differentiate the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets from thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura. Severely depressed (<5%) or absence of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-13 activity levels are associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura and mildly decreased levels are associated with ...
Iqbal R K - - 2009
Ischaemic cerebrovascular events in pregnancy are uncommon. The anaesthetic management of a pregnant patient within six weeks of an ischaemic cerebrovascular event has not previously been reported. Issues raised include consent and minimising further neurological insult. Changes in regional blood flow, cerebral metabolic rate and integrity of the blood brain ...
Hoem Jan M - - 2008
We explore trends in first-union formation in Bulgaria from 1960, using data from the national Gender and Generations Survey of 2004. We analyse jointly the transition into cohabitation and directly into marriage. The standardized marriage rate falls dramatically from the early 1980s; the corresponding rate of entry into cohabitation has ...
Xiao Ting - - 2008
Recently there have been some reports concerned the treatment of early stage mycosis fungoides (MF) with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy. In most of the previous reports, NB-UVB phototherapy was given three times a week on non-consecutive days. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a twice weekly regimen ...
Sharma Aman - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a thrombotic microangiopathy leading to microvascular occlusion resulting in ischemic dysfunction of various organs. Pregnancy has been thought to precipitate it during second and third trimester, but its reports in first trimester are extremely rare. We report the clinical protocol of a young lady with 5-week ...
Patel Ds - - 2008
Early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) or early surfactant therapy with early extubation onto nCPAP rather than continued mechanical ventilation has been adopted by many centres, particularly in Scandinavia, as part of the treatment of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome. It has been suggested that bronchopulmonary dysplasia is less ...
Kodner R B - - 2008
Steroids, a class of triterpenoid lipids with high preservation potential, are widely distributed in sedimentary rocks. All eukaryotes have a physiological requirement for these molecules, making steroids important biomarkers for aiding our understanding of eukaryote molecular evolution and geologic history. C(26)-C(30) sterols are the molecules most commonly incorporated or synthesized ...
Becker Michael A - - 2008
Clinical benefit early in urate-lowering treatment of gout is difficult to document. We examined data from 1,832 gouty subjects treated with either urate-lowering agents or placebo to identify determinants of gout flare incidence and tophus size during year 1 of treatment. Reductions from pretreatment serum urate levels influenced flare frequency ...
Martin James N JN - - 2008
A review of pregnancy-associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in 166 pregnancies was undertaken using 92 English-language publications from 1955 to 2006. Initial and recurrent TTP presents most often in the second trimester (55.5%) after 1-2 days of signs/symptoms; postpartum TTP usually occurs following term delivery. TTP with preeclampsia (n = ...
Kiki Ilhami - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterized by disseminated thrombotic occlusions located in the microcirculation and a syndrome of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, fever, and renal and neurologic abnormalities. Although several factors such as viral and bacterial pathogens, pancreatitis, drugs, collagen-vascular diseases, cancers, and pregnancy have been reported to be ...
Strasser Sanne M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare disease. However, in pregnant women it occurs more frequently. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura may be a severe condition for both mother and fetus. CASE: This is a case of severe but temporary fetal heart rate abnormalities in a pregnancy complicated by thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. ...
Condous George - - 2008
Australian women with early pregnancy complications, like their English counterparts, should have access to ultrasound-based early pregnancy units (EPUs) nationwide. This modern approach to women with first trimester problems would not only streamline individual care pathways but also reduce the impact that early pregnancy problems have on already overburdened public ...
Hoffman Ann N AN Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United - - 2008
Environmental enrichment (EE) is superior to standard (STD) housing in promoting functional recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, whether the EE-mediated benefits after TBI are dependent on exposure to enrichment during neurobehavioral training has not been elucidated. To address this issue, isoflurane-anesthetized adult male rats received either a cortical ...
Jamshed Saad - - 2007
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) commonly affects women of childbearing age. Although cases of TTP in pregnancy have been reported, the pathology of TTP in the placenta has not been described. In other organs, TTP has a distinctive pathology of arteriolar aneurysms with segmental intramural hyaline deposits. Published many decades ago, ...
Ruff Christopher - - 2008
Lower-to-upper limb-bone proportions give valuable clues to locomotor behavior in fossil taxa. However, to date only external linear dimensions have been included in such analyses of early hominins. In this study, cross-sectional measures of femoral and humeral diaphyseal strength are determined for the two most complete early Homo erectus (or ...
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