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Musilova Ivana - - 2013
PURPOSE.: To determine whether the measurement of the transverse diameter of the fetal thymus is of value in the identification of either histologic chorioamnionitis or funisitis in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS.: The transverse diameter of the fetal thymus was measured in 216 fetuses from ...
Mathai Betty M BM Department of Radiology, CMC & Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab - - 2013
The aim was to study the correlation of placental thickness, measured at the level of the umbilical cord insertion, with the ultrasonographic gestational age in normal and IUGR pregnancies in the late second and third trimester. A total of 498 patients were observed for correlation of the placental thickness with ...
Khalil Asma - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Studies have suggested that biparietal diameter (BPD), measured at 11-13 weeks' gestation, is reduced in open spina bifida. The aims of this study were to ascertain the reported association between reduced BPD in the first trimester and open spina bifida, and to investigate its predictive value in a single ...
Kim Moon-Kyung - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To define a better cut-off value of the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter (RPAPD) to predict persistent or progressive pyelectasis during pregnancy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 8873 women whose fetal RPAPD was measured. Midtrimester pyelectasis was defined as a RPAPD of ≥4 mm. Persistent/progressive pyelectasis was defined as a ...
Bagga Rashmi - - 2013
A 27-year-old fouth gravida patient with previous two partial molar pregnancies and one missed abortion underwent a suction evacuation for partial molar pregnancy at 9 weeks of gestation. She was followed up with serum HCG values. Though the HCG level reduced from a pre-evacuation value of 1 40 223-31 157 ...
Connolly Annamarie - - 2013
: To reevaluate both discriminatory and threshold levels associated with visualization of gestational sacs, yolk sacs, and fetal poles in patients presenting with vaginal bleeding, pain, or vaginal bleeding and pain in the first trimester of pregnancy using current ultrasonographic technology. : We reviewed the records of patients with first-trimester ...
Markovic V Mandic - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate changes in maternal renal arterial blood flow during pregnancy. The study included 40 non-pregnant, 200 pregnant, and 30 women after delivery. The authors measured pulsatility index (Pi) and resistance index (Ri) in the right and left renal arteries in the hilus. The ...
Ehlers Vicky - - 2013
During pregnancy hormonal changes may increase the risk for developing gingivitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the signs of gingival inflammation and the enzyme activity of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (aMMP-8) in the gingival crevicular fluid of pregnant women. After approval by the ethics commission, a total of 40 ...
Fuchs Florent - - 2013
Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is an important parameter in the surveillance of intensive care unit patients. Standard values of IAP during pregnancy have not been well defined. The aim of this study was to assess IAP values in pregnant women before and after cesarean delivery. This prospective study, carried ...
Daponte Alexandros - - 2013
Activin A as a predictor of pregnancy failure has been the focus of heated debate, but the value of a combined activin A and follistatin (FS) measurement in serum to predict pregnancy failure has not been reported yet. We assessed whether a single serum measurement of the two physiological antagonists ...
Adeyekun Ademola A AA Department of Radiology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, - - 2013
Fetal weight (FW) estimation in late pregnancy is an important guide in obstetric care. Amniotic fluid protects the fetus against traumatic and infective insults. There possibly exists a relationship between FW and amniotic fluid index (AFI) that can be estimated by ultrasonography. Two hundred and fifty-eight low-risk pregnancies were prospectively ...
Celik Ebru E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İnönü University Faculty of Medicine, Malatya, - - 2013
To evaluate percentage changes in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) values between days 0-1, 0-4 and 0-7 as an indicator of methotrexate therapy success in extra-uterine pregnancies. Women with ectopic pregnancy treated with single-dose methotrexate therapy between January 2011 and August 2012 were assessed. Recorded data were reviewed electronically from ...
Ropacka-Lesiak Mariola - - 2012
to analyze the changes in the width of selected veins in the lower limbs during pregnancy and puerperium, with or without venous insufficiency (VI) diagnosed at the first trimester the group of 100 pregnant was divided into two subgroups with or without VI. The examination was performed, namely between 11-14th, ...
Ngu Siew-Fei - - 2012
A 36-year-old, gravida 7 para 2, presented at 5 weeks of amenorrhoea for vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. She had two previous tubal ectopic pregnancies managed 11 and 12 years previously by medical therapy and laparoscopic salpingectomy, respectively, two cesarean deliveries and two surgical abortions. Abdominal and pelvic examination was ...
Yousefzadeh Gholamreza - - 2012
Pregnant women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of progressive carotid artery disorders. The current study evaluated carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in pregnant women with gestational diabetes at two time points of mid-term and full-term pregnancy to determine whether gestational diabetes mellitus causes increased IMT. This cross-sectional ...
Khosrowbeygi Ali - - 2012
AIM: The aims of the present study were to assess the correlation between homocysteine and adiponectin and the homocysteine-to-adiponectin ratio in pre-eclampsia compared with normal pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 30 women with pre-eclampsia and 30 normal pregnant women. Serum levels of total adiponectin and ...
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2012
AIM: To establish reference values for the nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in Japanese fetuses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ultrasonographic measurements of the crown-rump length (CRL) and NT were performed from 11 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation in consecutive Japanese fetuses examined during prenatal visits between February 2011 and January 2012. The ...
Tharwat M - - 2012
This study was designed to establish the reference range for the cardiac biomarkers cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) in nonpregnant and pregnant goats, goats with normal birth, goats with prolonged birth associated with dystocia, and goats with pregnancy toxemia. Fifty-seven does, categorized into three groups ...
Kristoffersen Ann-Helen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Within-subject biological variation and reference change value (RCV) are difficult to calculate for an analyte with a changing concentration. The aim of this study was to develop a model to examine if it was possible to transform an analyte with a time-dependent change in concentration into a 'steady-state' situation ...
Hızlı Deniz - - 2012
Abstract Aims: The present study aimed to provide normal reference ranges for decidual thickness measured ultrasonographically in healthy first-trimester pregnancies and to evaluate whether there was a relationship between decidual thickness and serum progesterone levels. Methods: Decidual thickness of 173 women with a healthy gestation between 6+0 and 9+6 weeks ...
Grubbs Brendan H - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the relationship between the change in middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) and the change in fetal Hemoglobin (Hb) immediately following intrauterine transfusion (IUT). Materials and Methods: Study data included all IUTs performed for suspected fetal anemia from 2007-2011. Results: Sixty-eight IUTs were performed for ...
Martins W P WP Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP), Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. - - 2012
To evaluate the intra- and interobserver reliability of assessment of three-dimensional power Doppler (3D-PD) indices from single spherical samples of the placenta. Women with singleton pregnancies at 24-40 weeks' gestation were included. Three scans were independently performed by two observers; Observer 1 performed the first and third scan, intercalated by ...
Ebeigbe J A - - 2012
Objective: Pregnancy results in a lot of hormonal changes in the body and the eyes are no exception. These ocular changes could be physiologic, pathologic or a modification of a pre-existing condition. The aim of this study was to determine physiologic ocular changes that are associated with pregnancy in healthy ...
Leung Alice A Center for Molecular Fetal Therapy, Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2012
The mid-gestation fetus is capable of regenerative healing with wound healing indistinguishable from surrounding skin. This review aims to evaluate the current knowledge of how the mid-gestation fetus heals without scar and the implications of these findings in efforts to recapitulate the fetal regenerative phenotype in the postnatal environment. It ...
Kaur Gurmandeep - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that women with high serum beta-HCG levels in early pregnancy are at higher risk of developing PIH. Serum beta-HCG estimation was done by CLIA method in 200 women between 13 and 20 weeks of gestation, selected randomly for this study from July 2008 to Aug 2009. Multiple ...
Imsoonthornruksa Sumeth - - 2012
Abstract Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) holds potential as a useful tool for agricultural and biomedical applications. In vitro development of marbled cat intergeneric SCNT reconstructed into domestic cat cytoplast revealed that cloned, marbled cat embryo development was blocked at the morula stage. No pregnancies resulted from the transfer of ...
Li W J - - 2012
To explore the clinical values in detecting the placental elastic modulus using real-time quantitative shear wave elasticity imaging. A total of 30 women in the late pregnancy stage without complications and having normal, single pregnancies, as well as normal fetal growth, amniotic fluid index, and anterior placenta were selected. A ...
Martinefski Manuela M Department of Analytical Chemistry and Physicochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113 Buenos Aires, - - 2012
Until now, biochemical parameter for diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) mostly used is the rise of total serum bile acids (TSBA) above the upper normal limit of 11 μM. However, differential diagnosis is very difficult since overlapped values calculated on bile acids determinations, are observed in different conditions of ...
Ergin Rahime Nida RN Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bayındır Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2012
Measurement of intracranial translucency (IT), which is a recent earlier recognizable sonographic marker, has been suggested for detection of spina bifida. In this prospective study we aimed to determine normative values of IT in the population of Turkish singleton pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Between January 2011 ...
Andrei Cristian C Elias University Hospital, - - 2012
To establish reference ranges for middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA PSV) and to certify their value in the management of Rhesus alloimmunized pregnancies. A reference range of MCA PSV with gestation was constructed by studying 342 pregnancies at 25-40 weeks. A comparison was made between the reference ranges ...
Dehnhard M - - 2011
Understanding the complex endocrine interactions that control reproduction in felids is essential for captive breeding management. The most important demand is a quick and reliable pregnancy diagnosis. However, the occurrence of pseudopregnancies in felids complicates matters. We investigated whether the fecal prostaglandin metabolite (PGFM) recently suggested for pregnancy diagnosis in ...
Mamun A A - - 2011
Although few studies found that the offspring of women who experienced preeclampsia have higher blood pressure (BP) at childhood and adolescence, no study has observed whether this association exists for adult offspring. To examine whether maternal hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) predicts adult offspring BP. We followed a sub-sample of ...
Fraser Abigail A MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology and the School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Little is known about associations of gestational weight gain (GWG) with long-term maternal health. We aimed to examine associations of prepregnancy weight and GWG with maternal body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 16 y after pregnancy. This is ...
Mochtar M H MH Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Centre of Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2011
The evidence underpinning the timing of an oocyte collection in IVF or ICSI is limited. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the follicle diameter size of the dominant follicle on ongoing pregnancy rates. We conducted a randomized controlled trial, including women aged between 18 and ...
Tuncer Pürhan Barbaros - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of different sugars (raffinose, sucrose, and trehalose) on bull spermatozoa cryopreserved in a commercial extender (Optidyl) supplemented with glutamine on semen parameters, fertilizing ability and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Nine ejaculates for each bull were used in ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether inadequate, thin endometrium (<7 mm), after failure to expand with standard treatment options, will be responsive to cytokine treatment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of four patients. SETTING: Two independent IVF centers in New York City. PATIENT(S): Four consecutive women undergoing IVF who, after standard endometrial preparation, ...
Mihailovic T - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the two frontomaxillo-facial (FMF) angles: the FMF-vomer (FMF-v) and the FMF-palate (FMF-p), and to visualize the vomer in the 1 (st) and early 2 (nd) trimester, in order to ascertain whether they can be used as markers for trisomy 21 and ...
Kuć Paweł - - 2011
The impact of endometrial growth to the triple layer, endometrial thickness, and echogenicity on IVF outcomes was investigated in the study. A retrospective analysis of 583 ICSI patients was conducted: 385 with a long GnRH agonist protocol, 114 with a short GnRH agonist, and 84 with a GnRH antagonist protocol. ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
Objective. To compare the efficacy of intrauterine insemination versus timed intercourse with clomiphene citrate as a first-line treatment for anovulatory infertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design. A randomized controlled trial following the CONSORT criteria. Setting. A university hospital and a private practice setting. Patients. 188 women (525 cycles) with ...
Greco Elena - - 2011
To define the potential value of endocervical length at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous early delivery. The lengths of the endocervix and cervico-isthmic complex were measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11 to 13 weeks in singleton pregnancies, including 1492 that subsequently delivered after 34 weeks ...
Kyabayinze Daniel J - - 2011
Malaria has a negative effect on the outcome of pregnancy. Pregnant women are at high risk of severe malaria and severe haemolytic anaemia, which contribute 60-70% of foetal and perinatal losses. Peripheral blood smear microscopy under-estimates sequestered placental infections, therefore malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) detecting histidine rich protein-2 antigen ...
Kor-Anantakul Ounjai - - 2010
Aims: To establish the normative data distribution of nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in Thai fetuses. Methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted among 6,455 women with singleton pregnancies and gestational age between 10 and 14 weeks. For each case, the fetal crown-rump length (CRL) and NT were measured by transabdominal ...
Kehila Mehdi - - 2010
Background : Study of endometrial thickness is central to the monitoring of ovulation in in vitro fecondation (IVF). Actually, failures of in vitro fecundation are mainly due to implantation failure of embryo. Aims : • To assess whether the endometrial thickness the day of the induction of ovulation influences or ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
To compare the effect of combined metformin and clomiphene citrate (CC) with laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) meant for ovulation induction in CC-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Two-hundred and eighty-two anovulatory women with CC-resistant PCOS were selected in this randomized controlled trial. Patients (n = 138) received combined metformin-CC ...
Pexsters Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess intra- and inter-observer agreement of routinely performed measurements used to assess the likelihood of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy: crown-rump length (CRL) and mean gestation sac diameter (MSD) with transvaginal ultrasonography. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of CRL and gestation sac (GS) measurements in first trimester ...
Hershkovitz Reli - - 2011
To determine echogenicity of normal fetal kidneys during pregnancy by objective computerized method. Computerized-based numerical method was developed, quantifying echogenicity of kidneys. 166 digital pictures of kidneys and liver were collected between 14 and 41 weeks of gestation. Calculating liver echogenicity was used to overcome gain problems. Women were healthy, delivered ...
Nettle Daniel - - 2011
There is growing evidence that the reproductive schedules of female mammals can be affected by conditions experienced during early development, with low parental investment leading to accelerated life-history strategies in the offspring. In humans, the relationships between early-life conditions and timing of puberty are well studied, but much less attention ...
Lopez Patricia - - 2010
We present a first trimester scan suspicious of fetal anterior cephalocele due to the finding of a fetus with an abnormal profile and an abnormal facial angle, with a subsequent early confirmation at 16 weeks of gestation.
Fujita Atsuko - - 2010
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) commonly affects women of childbearing age. We studied the clinical characteristics of pregnant women with ITP to estimate their risks of bleeding. A retrospective chart review was performed for all obstetric patients with ITP who had delivery at our hospital, from 1 March 2000 to 31 ...
Stone Peter R - - 2010
Healthy, nulliparous women at low risk for preterm birth would not usually undergo transvaginal scanning at the 20-week morphology scan. The study aimed to determine whether transabdominal cervical measurement would be sufficient to exclude a short cervix in this population. To investigate the relationship between transabdominal (TA) and transvaginal (TV) ...
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