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Koukkou E - - 2013
Selenium (Se) is a key component of iodinases; higher Se levels are associated with lower titers of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies (anti-TPO). Pregnancy exerts profound effects on thyroid function and autoimmunity. To assess the relationship of urine Se levels with thyroid function and autoimmunity in pregnant women residing in Athens, Greece, ...
Swank Morgan L - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To examine the impact of pregnancy changes in body mass index (BMI) on the incidence of cesarean delivery. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study using linked birth certificate and discharge diagnosis data from the year 2007. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) were calculated for the outcome of cesarean ...
Barbato Olimpia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) were first described as placental antigens present in the blood serum of the mother soon after implantation. Here, we describe the purification of several pregnancy-associated glycoproteins from water buffalo placenta (wbPAGs). A specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) was developed for early pregnancy diagnosis in buffalo species. RESULTS: Amino-terminal ...
Clifton Vicki L - - 2013
Mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can have significant effects on fetal development and future cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to characterise the iodine status of South Australian women during pregnancy and relate it to the use of iodine-containing multivitamins. The impact of fortification of bread with iodized ...
Ortega-Pacheco A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the seasonal ovarian activity of domestic queens under the tropical conditions of southern Mexico (19° 30' and 21° 35' N latitude). A total of 250 reproductive tracts were evaluated, and the frequencies of queens with ovarian activity (oestrus, dioestrus or pregnant), anoestrus, ...
Seo Heewon - - 2012
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a simple phospholipid, plays a critical role in the establishment of pregnancy in pigs. LPA production is mediated by ENPP2 action, a secreted lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD) that converts lysophosphatidylcholine to LPA. However, the regulatory mechanism of LPA production by ENPP2 in the porcine uterus is not well ...
Goetzinger Katherine R KR Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2012
The objective of this study was to estimate the efficiency of first-trimester a disintegrin and metalloprotease 12 (ADAM12), pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), uterine artery Doppler, and maternal characteristics in the prediction of preterm birth (PTB). This was a prospective cohort study of patients presenting for first-trimester aneuploidy screening. Maternal ...
Vodstrcil Lenka A - - 2012
Normal pregnancy involves dramatic remodeling of the uterine vasculature, with abnormal vascular adaptations contributing to pregnancy diseases such as preeclampsia. The peptide hormone relaxin is important for the renal and systemic hemodynamic adaptations to pregnancy, and has been shown to increase arterial compliance and outward hypertrophic remodeling. Therefore, we investigated ...
Lan Vuong Thi Ngoc - - 2012
This prospective cohort study examined the effects of atosiban on uterine contraction, implantation rate (IR) and clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) in women undergoing IVF/embryo transfer. The study enrolled 71 women with repeated implantation failure (RIF; no pregnancies from an average of 4.8 previous embryo transfers with a mean of 12 ...
Singh Nisha - - 2012
Ruptured uterus presenting in first trimester of pregnancy is extremely uncommon and should raise the suspicion of uterine malformations. We report a case of a 24-year-old primigravida with 10 weeks of gestation presenting with acute abdomen and hemoperitoneum. Laparotomy revealed bicornuate uterus with ruptured rudimentary horn. The incidence, diagnosis and management ...
Zhang Yu - - 2012
Aim:  To discuss the early diagnosis and effective treatment strategy of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Material and Methods:  We reviewed 17 patients in our department diagnosed with CSP between 2005 and 2010, including clinical characteristics, early diagnosis, treatment methods, side-effects and prognosis. Results:  The average duration of gestation at diagnosis ...
Coldwell Bobbi-Jo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The ultrasound findings involving the gravid uterus will be described with a focus on differentiating normal from pathologic conditions. Topics pertaining to the gravid uterus include uterine fibroids, müllerian anomalies, cervical shortening, the normal and pathologic appearance of cesarean delivery scars, and uterine rupture. Clinical management and therapeutic implications ...
Pinto Antonio - - 2012
Postpartum hemorrhage is among the most common causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum hemorrhage is defined as a blood loss of greater than 500 mL or any amount that, if not replaced, could cause shock or death in the mother. The most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage is uterine ...
Shima Eiri - - 2012
Uterine sacculation is rare complication affecting the pregnant uterus, and is difficult to diagnose. Sacculation consists of a transitory pouch or sac-like structure caused by inverted uterine polarity. Vaginal delivery is difficult, and even cesarean section can be difficult because of peculiar risks associated with uterine sacculation. We report a ...
Akgul Yucel - - 2012
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) have diverse functions that regulate macromolecular assembly in the extracellular matrix. During pregnancy, the rigid cervix transforms to a pliable structure to allow birth. Quantitative assessment of cervical GAG is a prerequisite to identify GAG functions in term and preterm birth. In the current study, total GAG levels ...
de Oliveira Guimarães Camila Souze - - 2012
Studies report transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as a treatment for placental insufficiency. To induce utero-placental insufficiency in rats, the uterine artery was ligated. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation was applied with a frequency of 80 Hz, pulse duration of 200 μs, and low intensity. Placental blood vessels were analyzed after ...
Jacobson C C - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: To investigate effects of a 5-day oral misoprostol regimen recommended for use in horses as a gastrointestinal mucosal cytoprotectant during colic on mid-gestation pregnancies. Objectives: To monitor cervical tone, ultrasonographic characteristics of the uterus, cervix and conceptus, as well as serum progesterone and oestrone sulphate concentrations, ...
Berggren Helena - - 2012
Abstract It has been possible to detect cleft lip (CL), with or without cleft palate (CLP), using ultrasound (US) since the beginning of the 1980s. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip with or without cleft palate, and isolated cleft palate ...
Joumblat Natalie - - 2012
: Laparoscopy during pregnancy is safe and effective, but poses unique challenges because of alterations in the intra-abdominal anatomy induced by the gravid uterus. : A 33-year-old female with an intrauterine pregnancy at 19 weeks' gestation presented with symptoms of appendicitis. Diagnostic laparoscopy resulted in incidental uterine perforation and insufflation. ...
Holmgren Calla - - 2012
: To estimate the time from the diagnosis of uterine rupture to delivery that would prevent adverse neonatal sequelae. : Cases of uterine rupture from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2009, were identified in nine hospitals in the Intermountain Health Care system and at the University of Utah. Maternal ...
Akay Nezahat Öztürk - - 2012
Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of oxytocin and dinoprostone in achieving successful labor induction and vaginal delivery in postterm women with an unfavorable cervix. Methods: Postterm women with an uncomplicated pregnancy and a Bishop score of ≤6 were randomized to receive either dinoprostone vaginal ...
Sugibayashi Shera - - 2012
To determine the accuracy of using amniotic fluid arborization to diagnose preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) in the second trimester using specimens collected from the vaginal pool. Women presenting for pregnancy termination between 14 and 22 weeks' gestation were enrolled. At the time of termination, amniotic fluid samples were ...
Costa Maria Laura Botelho - - 2012
To evaluate the demographic characteristics of cases with body stalk anomaly (BSA) and describe the obstetric outcome. Retrospective review of a case series of BSA diagnosed from 2000 to 2010. Among the 21 cases, mean gestational age at diagnosis was 22 weeks (range 11-35 weeks). Ten cases elected termination of pregnancy, which ...
Phillips Julie K - - 2012
Normal pregnancy is associated with an increase in uteroplacental blood flow in part due to growth and remodeling of the maternal uterine vasculature. In this study, we characterized the effect of diabetic pregnancy on vascular growth of the maternal uterine vasculature and on the passive mechanical properties of the uterine ...
Scarella Anibal - - 2012
Interstitial pregnancy cases that advance to term, or near term, are occasionally reported. We present an unusual case of a third trimester interstitial pregnancy with antenatal diagnosis and expectant management. She presented at 20 weeks of pregnancy with an early preterm premature rupture of membranes, and expectant management was initiated. ...
Rovio Päivi H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine long-term effects of transvaginal myomectomy by colpotomy on uterine ruptures, fertility and pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Transvaginal myomectomy by colpotomy was performed for sixteen patients who had symptomatic uterine leiomyomas and wished to preserve their fertility. Data on possible pregnancies, infertility treatments, hysterectomies and other reoperations during ...
Saito Tomomi - - 2012
Aim:  A low-protein diet (LPD) during pregnancy induces vascular dysfunction and hypertension in the offspring, prevented by administration of an angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1) ) receptor antagonist in early life to the offspring. Whether such protection extends to subsequent pregnancy is unknown; we therefore hypothesized that administration of a ...
Kitson Sj - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Kitson S, Macphail S, Bulmer J. Is pregnancy safe after uterine artery embolisation? BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03286.x.
Gergolet Marco - - 2012
The American Fertility Society has classified the arcuate uterus as a minor malformation with a benign clinical behaviour. The aim of this prospective study was to verify whether there is any scientific basis for this differentiation. Patients with at least one early miscarriage and a subseptate or arcuate uterus were ...
Jauniaux E - - 2012
Placenta accreta refers to different grades of abnormal placental attachment to the uterine wall, which are characterised by invasion of trophoblast into the myometrium. Placenta accreta has only been described and studied by pathologists for less than a century. The fact that the first detailed description of a placenta accreta ...
Brannon Patsy M - - 2012
Concerns exist about adequacy of vitamin D in pregnant women relative to both maternal and fetal adverse health outcomes. Further contributing to these concerns is the prevalence of inadequate and deficient vitamin D status in pregnant women, which ranges from 5 to 84% globally. Although maternal vitamin D metabolism changes ...
Pereira B S - - 2012
The aims were to determine resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) in the uterine arteries of cyclic and pregnant domestic cats comparing the left and right uterine horns, as well as the majority or minority uterine horns, based on fetus number per horn; to determine the presence or absence ...
Titova Olga E - - 2012
Smoking during pregnancy has been shown to be detrimental for the developing fetus. The effects of active and passive maternal smoking on umbilical cord serum levels of vitamin A and vitamin E were examined. Secondary measures included anthropometric parameters in the newborn. Maternal and umbilical cord serum levels of vitamins ...
Simões M - - 2012
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition defined as an ectopic pregnancy that implants in the peritoneal cavity and is associated with important morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman with an ultrasonographic diagnosis of a left extrauterine pregnancy located proximally in the isthmus or distally in ...
Chua Angelica A - - 2012
Primary gestational trophoblastic neoplasia of the uterine cervix is exceptionally rare, with fewer than 100 cases reported worldwide. A 33-year-old, gravida 1, para 1, Filipino woman was admitted due to vaginal bleeding nearly 7 months after delivery of a full-term, stillborn infant. Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a heterogeneous, predominantly solid, vascular ...
Fatih Farah Farouq - - 2012
Uterine torsion is defined as rotation of the uterus of more than 45° on its long axis. It is an unusual complication of pregnancy and for most obstetricians it probably represents a 'once-in-a-lifetime' diagnosis. Fetal mortality up to 12% and occasional maternal mortality are reported. A 22-year-old second gravida presented ...
Torbé Andrzej - - 2012
Uterine rupture is one of the most dangerous obstetric emergencies carrying a high risk for the mother and the fetus. Reports about uterine rupture in pregnancy following previous laparoscopic surgery have not been frequent; however, an increasing rate of the occurrence of this complication has been observed and reviewed in ...
Jo Yun Sung - - 2012
An amniocele is a herniation of the amniotic sac through a uterine defect. Uterine rupture during pregnancy may develop as a result of a pre-existing injury, uterine anomaly, or unscarred uterus. A 30-year-old patient, with a history of 2 vaginal deliveries, presented an amniocele complicated by left fundal perforation and ...
Sajjan G R GR Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, BLDE University Shri B. M. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Bijapur 586103, Karnataka, - - 2012
Intravaginal misoprostol, a synthetic PGE1 analogue, has largely replaced all other techniques for pregnancy termination in II trimester, because of its successful results. Incidence of II trimester pregnancy termination has also increased in the present days, because of prenatal diagnosis of pregnancies with serious fetal abnormalities like cardiovascular and skeletal ...
Fadhlaoui Anis A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aziza Othmana University Hospital (Medical University of Tunis), Place du Gouvernement, La Kasba, 1008 Tunis, - - 2012
Cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy associated with severe complications such as uterine rupture, uncontrollable bleeding which may lead to hysterectomy, and definitive infertility. Many therapeutic options are available such as Dilatation & Curetage, excision of trophoblastic tissues using either laparotomy or laparoscopy, systemically administered Methotrexate, ...
Aydin Yunus Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty, 26000 Eskisehir, - - 2012
A diamnionic dichorionic twin pregnant women (due to in vitro fertilization) admitted to emergency department at the 21st week of gestation because of regular contractions. By gynecological examination, we observed 8 cm dilated cervix with 80% effacement. Amniotic membrane was also bulging through the cervix. After evaluation delivery of the presenting ...
Sant Christian Linus Hastrup CL Department of Radiology, Odense University Hospital, Sdr. Boulevard 29, 5000 Odense C, - - 2012
Cornual pregnancy is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with potential severe consequences if uterine rupture occurs with following massive intraabdominal bleeding. We report a case of a misdiagnosed ruptured cornual pregnancy occurring at 21 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound examination and computer tomography revealed no sign of abnormal pregnancy. The correct ...
Liu N Q - - 2011
Impaired vitamin D status is common to many populations around the world. However, data suggest that this is a particular problem for specific groups such as pregnant women. This has raised important questions concerning the physiological and clinical impact of low vitamin D levels during pregnancy, with implications for classical ...
Lal Suman - - 2011
Carcinoma of cervix is the commonest malignancy seen in Indian women in all age groups and therefore commonly seen in pregnancy. However, most of the cases remain in early stage and the occurrence of invasive cervical carcinoma is relatively uncommon in pregnant women. There is always a therapeutic dilemma faced ...
Tripathi Jagruti B - - 2011
Heterotopic pregnancy involves coexisting intra-uterine and extra-uterine gestations. The incidence for natural uninduced pregnancy is 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. However the incidence is increasing with ovulation induction and artificial reproductive techniques. In more than 90% heterotopic pregnancies, the ectopic implantation is in the fallopian tube. A case of undiagnosed term ...
Brannon Patsy M - - 2011
Concerns exist about the adequacy of vitamin D in pregnant and lactating women. This review assesses the evidence that maternal vitamin D status influences maternal, fetal, and breast-fed infant bone health; maternal adverse outcomes (preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obstructed labor, and infectious disease); fetal adverse outcomes (growth, gestational age, and developmental ...
Hollis Bruce W - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The topic of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy is very controversial. This review attempts to provide balanced knowledge with respect to this topic gained in the past 18 months. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent reports, one by the Institute of Medicine, and one by The Endocrine Society are ...
Perampalam Sumathy - - 2011
Background:  High prevalence rates of suboptimal vitamin D levels have been observed in women who are not considered 'at risk'. The effect of behavioural factors such as sun exposure, attire, sunscreen use and vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D levels in pregnancy is unknown. Aim:  To determine prevalence and predictive ...
Hyppönen Elina - - 2011
Circulating maternal concentrations of hormonally active vitamin D [calcitriol, 1,25(OH)(2)D] rise early in the first trimester, doubling by the end of the third trimester. The early rise in calcitriol is believed to be necessary for enabling the immunological adaptation by the mother required for the maintenance of a normal pregnancy. ...
Jayaprakash Sheela - - 2011
A primigravida aged 20 years was referred to Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences with diagnosis of 30 weeks of period of gestation with eclampsia and failure to respond to induction with misoprostol and she was on Pritchard regimen for the treatment of eclampsia and there was no response to induction ...
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