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Results 201 - 250 of 306
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López-Gatius F - - 1994
The present study was conducted to determine whether there is any correlation between sperm motion and rheological behavior of the anterior vaginal fluid of superovulated dairy heifers. Vaginal fluid samples were collected from 16 superovulated dairy heifers from 12 to 20 h after estrus detection. Flow behavior was evaluated. The ...
Morin D E - - 1994
Hydrallantois was diagnosed in a 5-year-old Toggenburg doe. Clinical signs included bilateral abdominal distention, anorexia, and recumbency. Ultrasonographically, excessive fluid and live fetuses were detected in the uterus. At the time of cesarean section, the fluid (approx 12 L) was determined to be in the allantoic cavities; concentrations of electrolytes ...
Zeisler R - - 1993
Analyses of selected tissues from the Alaska Marine Mammal Tissue Archival Project (AMMTAP) have provided comprehensive information related to levels of 36 trace elements and methyl-mercury in marine mammal tissues. Liver, kidney and muscle tissues from two northern fur seals, four ringed seals and six belukha whales were analyzed. The ...
Uechi M - - 1993
In this study, Recirculation Peritoneal Dialysis (RPD) apparatus using a pump to circulate the dialysate was devised and its dialysis efficiency was investigated. In the experiment, 15 mongrel dogs with body weights of 6.6 +/- 0.7 kg were used. The surgery to induce azotemia was performed on the dogs, a ...
Hyland K - - 1993
Accurate diagnosis and management of inborn errors of monoamine neurotransmitter and tetrahydrobiopterin metabolism depend on reliable reference ranges of key metabolites. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected in a standardized way from 73 children and young adults with neurologic disease, with strict exclusions. In each specimen, concentrations of homovanillic acid (HVA), ...
Wysocki A B - - 1993
The purpose of the present research was to determine if metalloproteinase levels were elevated in human chronic wound fluid. Samples of blood and wound fluid from acute (mastectomy) and chronic (leg ulcer) wounds were collected, and metalloproteinase profiles of the samples were determined by gelatin zymography. Compared to serum, acute ...
Gilbert I A - - 1993
To determine whether a relationship exists between intravenous infusion of isotonic fluid and reactivity to hyperpnoea, eight normal and eight asthmatic subjects underwent rapid intravascular administration of approximately 2 l of warm normal saline, by itself and before and after hyperventilation of cold air. In the asthmatic subjects, saline infusion ...
Nevalainen T J - - 1992
Time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay was developed for the detection of synovial-type phospholipase A2 (s-PLA2) in human serum. This solid-phase, sandwich assay uses a polyclonal rabbit antibody raised against synovial-type group II PLA2 produced in Escherichia coli. No cross-reactions were detected between s-PLA2 and PLA2 from human or porcine pancreas, human ascitic fluid, ...
D'Agostino H B - - 1992
The effects of stopcocks on percutaneous fluid drainage were tested in a laboratory model by using a standard stopcock (6-French inner diameter) and a prototype stopcock (9-French inner diameter) connected to 8-, 10-, 12-, 14-, and 16-French catheters. Catheters were immersed in water alone or in viscous fluid with particulate ...
Anderson H L HL - - 1992
After being placed on extracorporeal life support (ECLS), newborn patients typically weight 5% to 30% more than their birthweight. Recovery and eventual decannulation from ECLS is associated with a return to baseline weight or birthweight values after a pronounced diuresis. It has been assumed that the increases in weight in ...
Porter R E RE - - 1992
A lavage procedure was used to study the kinetics of alimentary fluid IgA concentration in 15 specific-pathogen-free white leghorn chickens for 8 weeks post-hatch. Lavage solution was administered orally and collected from the distal alimentary tract following an intraperitoneal injection of pilocarpine. Concentrations of IgA, quantitated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ...
Garred L J - - 1992
A bloodless technique of evaluating protein catabolic rate (PCR) and KT/V (K, clearance; T, dialysis time; V, urea distribution volume) in hemodialysis patients is presented based on serial measurement of urea in the dialysate effluent stream. PCR follows from equating urea generation and urea removal over a 7 day cycle, ...
Weber J A - - 1992
This article reviews the capabilities of transrectal ultrasonography for determining the distribution of fluid and tissue within stallion accessory sex glands. Emphasis is placed on describing the normal ultrasonographic appearance of the accessory sex glands, excurrent ducts, and pelvic urethra of stallions during rest, after teasing, and after ejaculation and ...
Blake P G - - 1992
The application of urea kinetics to CAPD is controversial. Additional data is presented from our recent study on this topic. Different methods of calculating KT/V and normalized protein catabolic rate (PCRN) are compared and KT/V is shown to be on average 6.5% higher when V is calculated by Watson's formulae ...
Drummond S B - - 1992
In normal hemostasis, a balance exists between coagulation and fibrinolysis. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a condition characterized by the excessive formation of fibrin clots; it involves all aspects of the coagulation system. In view of its potential for major morbidity and mortality, an understanding of the disorder is essential. ...
Casey M L - - 1992
We found that immunoreactive endothelin (ET) is present in seminal fluid in very large amounts (500-5000 ng/L; quantification based on ET-1 standard). This immunoreactive ET was detected by use of a radioimmunoassay system in which the N-terminal portion of ET-1 and ET-2 (and big ET-1 and big ET-2) are recognized. ...
Troop B - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to determine if open peritoneal lavage is superior to closed peritoneal lavage. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients who were admitted to a trauma center and needed peritoneal lavage were assigned to alternate trauma teams. Team 1 performed only open lavages one month and then switched ...
Kawana M - - 1991
To determine whether oxidative metabolic products of phagocytic cells are present in the middle ear during experimental pneumococcal otitis media, we measured the concentration of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in middle ear fluid (MEF) and the capacity of neutrophils isolated from MEF and peripheral blood to produce MPO and superoxide anion (O2-) ...
Gau G S - - 1991
The repair of fetal bodies after dissection is extremely difficult because of the delicacy of the skin. A tissue adhesive, Histoacryl blue, was used to repair bodies that had been dissected either before or after immersion in formalin. The repairs were achieved rapidly and neatly. The technique was easy to ...
Lamson G - - 1991
An assay for assessing the proteolysis of IGFBP-3 by a biological fluid or protein has been developed using 125IhIGFBP-3 recombinantly derived from Escherichia coli as a substrate indicator. The labelled substrate is incubated at 37 degrees in the presence of the agent being tested and proteolysis is visualized by SDS-PAGE ...
Calvin S - - 1991
Ascites has been reported at cesarean section delivery in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia. The frequency and composition of peritoneal fluid collections in pregnancy have not previously been described. This descriptive study evaluated presence, composition, and characteristics of ascites present in 41 women undergoing cesarean delivery for a variety of indications. ...
Andersson M - - 1991
Ultrasonography was used for diagnosing accumulation of rete testis fluid in live bulls. When 447 bulls of Ayrshire breed selected for artificial insemination were studied by ultrasonography, eleven were detected in which the ultrasonograms visualized accumulation of rete testis fluid in the testicles. In 7 bulls the accumulation (spermiostasis) was ...
Pourcyrous M - - 1990
Superoxide anion generation during severe asphyxia and reventilation was assessed in newborn pigs. Using closed cranial windows over the parietal cortices, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-inhibitable nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction was determined during asphyxia/reventilation. Asphyxia was induced by turning off the respirator and occluding the endotracheal tube. In each animal, 2.4 mM ...
Moyles K - - 1990
A patient with pernicious anemia developed severe intractable diarrhea night and day. Investigation revealed chronic atrophic gastritis and a markedly elevated level of serum gastrin. No obvious explantation for the diarrhea was found, but after antrectomy, the gastrin level returned to normal and the diarrhea subsided. Possible mechanisms for an ...
Jacob B - - 1990
A 46-year-old woman who had had a long-term schizoid psychosis collapsed on the street. Upon admission to the hospital, she was determined to have an acute abdomen. The chest radiograph showed metallic foreign bodies in both main bronchi; foreign bodies in the stomach were not observed clinically. The woman died ...
Wittemer C - - 1990
Peritoneal fluid probably has an important and complex role in fertility and infertility. In this study, in-vitro fertilization was attempted in peritoneal fluid and the classical B2-Menezo medium. Clinical criteria concerning male and female fertility and biological factors such as fresh semen quality, sperm survival, sperm-zona pellucida binding, cleavage and ...
Van Loan M D - - 1990
The accuracy of total-body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) for body composition assessment was examined in 50 teen-agers (33 males and 17 females) aged 11-19 y. Body composition measures included densitometry, hydrometry, bone mineral density of the one-third distal radius, and TOBEC. Fat-free mass (FFM) was calculated by using one-, two-, and ...
Dwivedi M - - 1990
Adenosine deaminase was estimated in ascitic fluids of 49 patients with ascites (19 tuberculous, 20 cirrhotic, and 10 malignant). The adenosine deaminase concentration in tuberculous ascitic fluid was 98.8 +/- 20.1 U/L (mean +/- SD), which was significantly more than that noted in cirrhotic (14 +/- 10.6 U/L) or malignant ...
Watson E D - - 1990
Because of their capacity to produce prostanoids, alveolar macrophages may play a part in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cultured equine alveolar macrophages and peripheral blood monocytes synthesised mainly prostaglandin (PG)F and PGE2. They also synthesised smaller quantities of PGI2, measured as the stable metabolite 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, ...
Lamont L S - - 1990
This study compared whole-body leucine kinetics in endurance-trained (TRN) and sedentary (SED) control subjects. Eleven men and women (6 TRN, 5 SED) underwent a 6-h primed, constant-rate infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine. Leucine turnover and oxidation were measured using tracer dilution and by measuring 13C enrichment of expired CO2 combined with respiratory ...
Firth E C - - 1990
Acute metaphysitis was induced in the third metacarpal bone of five foals by injecting lipopolysaccharide intraosseously adjacent to the growth plate, and synovial fluid was collected from the metacarpophalangeal joint 6 hours later. A control injection of an equal volume of physiological saline was given in a similar site in ...
Wendling D - - 1990
Bronchoalveolar lavage and bronchial biopsies were performed in 15 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and 17 control subjects. There was no difference in total cell count, number of lymphocytes, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, or beta 2 microglobulin concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid between these two groups. Bronchoalveolar lavage IgA concentrations were not ...
Tremblay R R - - 1990
Intravenous fluid therapy is valuable as primary or ancillary therapy for many conditions in calves. The first step in developing an intravenous fluid plan is determination of the volume needed to replace the fluid deficit, estimated on the basis of clinical signs. The parenteral solution to be used is chosen ...
Yeates W K - - 1990
Ejaculation is the final link of the male sexual function chain "Libido--Erection--Penetration--Achievement of Climax--Ejaculation". Each link is highly androgen-dependent. Although the initiation of a subsequent link is normally dependent on achievement of the previous link, each link has its own mechanisms, and can be made to occur in isolation. The ...
Fukui E - - 1989
The effect of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTG) in lecithin-dispersed d-alpha-tocopherol acetate (VEA) preparation on intestinal absorption of VEA was investigated in rats using the in situ loop experiment. When VEA preparations containing soybean phosphatidylcholine (PC) and various amounts of MCTG were administered, the amount of VEA absorbed in 2 h was ...
Frim J - - 1989
Liquid-cooled garments (LCGs) are being considered for reducing heat strain in pilots. While head cooling has been shown to be thermally efficient and subjectively desirable, it is technically difficult to achieve. This laboratory study was carried out to see if head cooling in addition to torso cooling is a necessity. ...
Simon E E - - 1989
The technique of in vivo microperfusion was used to examine the determinants of ammonia entry along the rat proximal tubule under conditions of chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA). When perfused with a 5 mM bicarbonate-containing perfusate, collected fluid ammonia concentrations remained constant with increasing flow rate and thus ammonia entry was ...
Segura R M - - 1989
The performance of a colorimetric ADA determination in body fluids other than serum in the diagnosis of tuberculosis was assessed in 1063 patients from whom pleural (600), peritoneal (136), pericardial (77), or cerebrospinal (250) fluids were obtained. In exudative pleuroperitoneal and pericardial effusions, an ADA decision level of 0.71 mu ...
Mridha M - - 1989
Tissue fluid translocation under the action of deformation was measured to study the pneumatic compression treatment of postmastectomy lymphoedema of the arm. Analysis of the results provides statistically significant parameters for characterization of the oedema. Mobility of the fluid in pitting oedematous tissue was significantly greater than that of normal ...
Milanese C - - 1989
30 patients with acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis were treated by ACTH, dexamethasone or methylprednisolone in a double-blind randomized study. Clinical parameters were assessed; cerebrospinal fluid and neurophysiological parameters (visual- and brainstem-evoked potentials) were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of treatment. Dexamethasone was more effective than ACTH ...
Knickerbocker J J - - 1988
The testes of several species contain oxytocin and/or neurophysin, but the content or localization of oxytocin in epididymal tissue has not been studied. The present study was undertaken to localize oxytocin and neurophysin in epididymal tissue of the ram, and to quantify oxytocin in the ductus epididymidis and fluids entering ...
Otto R J - - 1988
This study compares the thermal transfer and rewarming characteristics of heated aerosol inhalation (HAI) alone and combined with peritoneal lavage (PEL) or pleural lavage (PLL). Closed-system PEL and PLL are equally efficient at rewarming hypothermic dogs and do so at a rate approximating 6 degrees C/h/m2. Cardiovascular responses to PEL ...
Grace R H - - 1988
Whole gut irrigation is easier for the patient and more likely to be successful if the colon is prepared before irrigation. This study compared Picolax, given the day before irrigation, with an enema regimen and showed that there was no difference in the volume of fluid required and the time ...
van Raaij J M - - 1988
The equations for estimating fat mass from body density or total body water are not appropriate for application in pregnancy, because the underlying assumptions with respect to density and composition of fat-free mass do not hold for pregnancy. Representative values have been derived from literature data for density and water ...
Karma P - - 1988
Forty-one infants, who during their first (initial) acute otitis media (AOM) had culturable S. pneumoniae (Pn) in 57 middle ear fluids (MEFs) which prolonged or recurred during the follow-up, were observed for 7-15 months for the presence of Pn, Pn-antigens (Pn-ags) and initial-type/group Pn-antibodies (Pn-abs) in these MEFs. Initially, Pn-abs ...
Hashimoto P H - - 1988
Horseradish peroxidase was detected in the choroid plexus capillary 5 min after the onset of a 2 1/2-min injection of 7.5 microliter of 40% solution into the cisterna cerebellomedullaris in mice. Venous capillaries in the capillary beds of circumventricular organs including the choroid plexus were indicated as sites of cerebrospinal ...
Casale T B - - 1987
Using a sensitive single isotope enzymatic assay we measured bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid histamine in asymptomatic normal (nonallergic), allergic rhinitic, and allergic asthmatic subjects. Normal subjects were found to have little or no detectable amounts of histamine in BAL fluid (11 +/- 11 pg/ml), and few BAL fluid mast cells. ...
Helin I - - 1987
During the late winter of 1983, 16 newborns with vague symptoms of failure to thrive, reluctance to feed and a slight rise in body temperature, were found to have meningitis caused by Coxsackievirus A-14. The cerebrospinal fluid showed pleocytosis with polymorphonuclear cells in excess but was otherwise normal. The clinical ...
Szalai F - - 1987
In the course of a disinterment of an ancient Avar burial place at Székkutas-Kápolna near Hódmezövásárhely, Hungary, the archaeologist conducting the excavations, Miss Katalin B. Nagy, noticed a lithoid body of oval shape in the pelvis of a skeleton. The find was identified on morphological and chemo-analytical grounds as a ...
Syrop C H - - 1986
The effects of peritoneal fluid or its cellular components on human oocyte fertilization and cleavage cannot be studied directly. This report explores the association of laparoscopically obtained peritoneal fluid volume, macrophage count, and concentration of 124 infertility patients and their first occurrence of pregnancy during a 2-year follow-up period. Endometriosis ...
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