Search Results
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Hahn R G - - 1999
Ethanol monitoring is a method for assessing fluid absorption during transurethral resection of the prostate. The method is based on the principle that absorption can be measured by expired-breath tests provided that an irrigating fluid containing ethanol 1% is used. A nomogram for transformation of the ethanol data into meaningful ...
Spandorfer S D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To simulate the in vivo model in studying the effect of hydrosalpinx fluid on embryonic development. DESIGN: Controlled prospective study. SETTING: Academic research center. PATIENT(S): Five hundred eighty-seven two-cell murine embryos. INTERVENTION(S): Embryos were grown under two sets of conditions. Half were cultured using 10% fetal calf serum in ...
Cancel A M - - 1999
Previously we reported that the 55-kDa fertility-associated protein in Holstein bull seminal plasma (SP) is osteopontin (OPN). The objective of the present study was to localize OPN in tissues and fluids in the Holstein bull reproductive tract to determine its origin. Antisera generated against human recombinant OPN, as well as ...
Rush B R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine cytologic changes in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (heaves) after administration of aerosolized beclomethasone dipropionate and dexamethasone parenterally. ANIMALS: 6 horses with inducible and reversible heaves. PROCEDURE: Episodes of heaves were induced by exposure to moldy hay and straw for 7 days. Horses were assigned to treatment ...
Hermann J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible immunoregulatory role of interleukin-11 (IL-11) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: IL-11 protein was assayed in RA tissue, and the effect of exogenous IL-11 on neutralization of endogenous IL-11 was investigated with respect to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), and tissue inhibitor of ...
Wachsberg R H - - 1998
Echogenic intraperitoneal fluid in any quantity noted on sonography is thought to indicate a very high likelihood of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in patients at risk. We retrospectively reviewed 12 consecutive symptomatic patients with a positive pregnancy test in whom sonography revealed echogenic fluid as an isolated finding without evidence of ...
Muirhead D E - - 1998
Rice bodies are most commonly found in inflammatory joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and have traditionally been considered to be a nonspecific response to inflammatory synovial disease. In the present study 18 rice bodies were found in the tibialis tendon sheath of a nine-year-old Omani boy subsequent to a ...
Seli E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on preimplantation embryos and to evaluate the levels of basic FGF in follicular and peritoneal fluid. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-based laboratory. PATIENT(S): Follicular fluids (FFs) were obtained from women undergoing ovulation induction (n = 62) and peritoneal fluids ...
Saunders C J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare the speed, sensitivity, complications, and technical failures of percutaneous diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) using a Veress needle versus open DPL. METHODS: One hundred seventy-six blunt trauma patients requiring DPL were prospectively randomized to undergo either open DPL using a standard technique or percutaneous DPL using an ...
Verkeste C M - - 1998
The objective of the present study was to determine whether the increase in plasma volume (PV) during pregnancy is established by fluid retention or by a shift within the extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) from the interstitium toward the intravascular compartment. To this end, we simultaneously, measured total body water, (TBW), ...
Scott D - - 1998
1. In synovial joints hydraulic and turnover studies indicate that the synovial lining may partially reflect large macromolecules like hyaluronan, despite discontinuities in the lining cell layer. The reflection hypothesis was tested directly in the present study. 2. Solutions of high molecular weight hyaluronan were infused at controlled pressures into ...
Xie C - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: At the present time, talc administered either as a slurry or an aerosol is a popular agent for producing pleurodesis. Some investigators use iodized talc while others use plain talc. The purpose of the present study was to determine if iodized talc slurry produced a better pleurodesis in ...
Brooks S E - - 1998
PURPOSE: The authors quantitatively evaluate the kinetics of fluid transfer from microsurgical sponges in a laboratory model to understand the kinetics of mitomycin C (MMC) delivery. METHODS: The amount of fluid transferred from soaked methylcellulose (Weck-cel, Weck Inc., Durham, NC, U.S.A.) sponges to small pieces of hydrated or dry filter ...
Yu S - - 1998
In order to establish what contributes to elevated levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) plasma, levels of sCD14 were compared in RA-paired plasma and synovial fluids and, further, in the culture supernatants of monocyte-rich fractions from patients with RA and healthy donors, and macrophage-rich fractions from RA ...
Koos B J - - 1997
Microdialysis was performed to determine whether hypoxia increases fetal brain adenosine (ADO) concentration through dephosphorylation of extracellular 5'-adenosine monophosphate (5-AMP). Hypoxia (fetal PaO2 approximately 14 Torr) increased fetal brain ADO levels approximately two-fold when the probes were perfused with synthetic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing inhibitors of the nucleoside transporter but ...
Setzen G - - 1997
We compared the tissue response to a nonabsorbable monofilamented suture made of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), which has recently been introduced for use in plastic surgery, with the response to 10 other commercially available absorbable sutures and nonabsorbable monofilamented and multifilamented sutures. The sutures were used to secure a patch of ...
Trautmann M - - 1997
Bacterial colonization and endotoxin contamination of intravenous infusion fluids and catheter systems were examined in a surgical intensive care unit. Nineteen consecutive patients were randomly assigned to 48 h (N = 8) or 96 h (N = 11) change of infusion systems. Fluid from infusion bottles (51), infusion bottles plus ...
Butte N F - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare 2-, 3- and 4-component models of body composition based on total body water (TBW), underwater weighing (UWW), skinfold thicknesses (SF), total body potassium (TBK), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC); (2) to compare postpartum changes in body composition estimated by the 2-, ...
Malek A M - - 1997
Moyamoya syndrome is a vaso-occlusive disease involving the intracranial vessels of the circle of Willis which is accompanied by an intense compensatory recruitment of new vessels. Angiogenic substances such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been proposed as possible mediators of the neovascular ...
Wong W - - 1997
AIM: To compare the efficacy of using isotonic saline (crystalloid) or 5% albumin (colloid) as replacement fluid in partial exchange transfusion (PET) for the treatment of neonatal polycythaemia. METHODS: One hundred and two polycythaemic full term infants were randomly allocated to receive PET with either isotonic saline or 5% albumin. ...
Takei Y - - 1997
The aim of this study was to identify the differences in the tucked and extended body positions, and in the spatiotemporal characteristics of the motion of the centre of mass, during the performance of kickout and non-kickout double salto backward tucked dismounts. A 16-mm camera, operating at 100 Hz, was ...
Arima K - - 1997
Coiled bodies and interfascicular threads are conspicuous white matter abnormalities of brains of patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Both structures are argyrophilic and immunoreactive for the microtubule-binding protein tau. This report concerns the ultrastructural localization of interfascicular threads and their relationship to coiled bodies in five PSP patients. We ...
Hesse G W - - 1997
A stepper motor-powered micropump for making intracerebral microinjections in freely moving animals is described. The micropump is capable of delivering fluid volumes of up to 20 microl in steps of 17 nl The system does not require a fluid swivel, delivers injections rapidly, maintains long-term calibration accuracy and is not ...
Kusy R P - - 1997
The materials used by orthodontists have changed rapidly in recent years and will continue to do so in the future. As esthetic composite archwires are introduced, metallic archwires will likely be replaced for most orthodontic applications in the same way that metals have been replaced by composites in the aerospace ...
Jauris-Heipke S - - 1997
The gram negative bacteria, nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) was used to induce otitis media in a total of 18 chinchillas. Three days post-inoculation, three cohorts of 6 chinchillas each were treated daily for four days with either ceftriaxone, chloramphenicol, or diluent without antibiotics. Middle ear fluid (MEF) was obtained daily, ...
Mukherjee T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain if hydrosalpinges are associated with reduced pregnancy rates and increased pregnancy loss after IVF-ET. Increased volume and leakage of hydrosalpinx fluid may exert negative effects on follicular development and embryo quality and/or render the uterine environment hostile to embryogenesis. We undertook this study to examine the effect ...
Ogasawara K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: It is known that the osmolarity of tears increases in keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) patients and therefore could be a sensitive and specific indicator for the diagnosis of KCS. However, owing to the difficulties in using the current methods of tear fluid measurement these procedures have not been employed in ...
Schloerb P R - - 1996
Liver disease is often characterized by an accumulation of excess body water as ascites, edema, or both. It was our purpose, using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), to measure total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) in 35 patients with end-stage liver disease, including those undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation and, ...
Hirabayashi Y - - 1996
To assess the possible relationship between changes in acid-base state of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and enhanced spread of spinal anaesthesia during pregnancy, we have measured CSF pH, carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) and HCO3- values in 73 women undergoing spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric amethocaine 8 mg. Patients were allocated to one ...
Mawera G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To establish the current viewpoint with regards to the role of arachnoid villi/granulations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) absorption. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Journal articles published between 1913 and 1993. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The contribution of arachnoid villi/granulations to CSF absorption from the subarachnoid space. RESULTS: From available literature, it ...
Jaque-Fortunato S V - - 1996
Concern over the influence of pregnancy-related alterations in hydration has prompted questions regarding the accuracy of using standard methods of determining body composition. We sought to investigate whether differences exist between body composition determined at 30 weeks and 39 weeks of gestation and postpartum, when measured by both bioelectrical impedance ...
Zakaria E R - - 1996
Using a technique to acutely seal off various parts of the peritoneal membrane surface, with or without evisceration, we investigated the role of diaphragmatic, visceral, and parietal peritoneal lymphatic pathways in the drainage of 125I-labeled albumin (RISA) from the peritoneal cavity to the plasma during acute peritoneal dialysis in artificially ...
Landry F B - - 1996
Entirely biodegradable poly(D, L-lactic acid) (PLA50) nanoparticles coated with albumin were prepared by the solvent evaporation technique. Their degradative properties were investigated in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids (USP XXII). The degradation of the albumin coating was monitored by HPLC, whereas PLA50 degradation was determined by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) ...
Thorogood M C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The current study was designed to investigate the influence of pretreatment with the oxygen radical scavengers polyethylene glycol superoxide dismutase and catalase (SODCAT) on altered opioid-induced pial artery dilation after fluid percussion brain injury (FPI) in the newborn pig. It has been observed previously that brain injury produces pial ...
Krystofiak S P - - 1996
Using a previously developed mouse bioassay, a semisynthetic metalworking fluid (MWF "B") and its major components were evaluated. In mice MWF "B" and its components produced both sensory (S) and pulmonary (P) irritation. Using respiratory frequency (f) depression, concentration-response relationships were developed for each component as well as for MWF ...
Imazato S - - 1995
It has been shown that composite incorporating the antibacterial agent Triclosan (Irgasan DP 300, which is sparingly soluble in water, inhibited in vitro plaque formation by Streptococcus mutans, although the release of the agent was much less than the minimum inhibitory concentration for the bacterium. In this study, the inhibitory ...
May D L - - 1995
This study comprehensively examines self-induced water intoxication (SIWI) from a patient perspective including demographics, reasons for seeking fluids, patterns/behaviors of fluid seeking, and symptoms frequently experienced while in a state of SIWI. The subjects were 45 of an original convenience sample of 62 individuals with a serious mental illness (SMI), ...
Nazarian L N - - 1995
PURPOSE: To determine the amount and distribution of synovial fluid detectable with ultrasonography (US) of the hindfoot and ankle in asymptomatic volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: US was performed with a 7.5- or 10-MHz linear transducer of 60 hindfeet and ankles in 30 volunteers. Presence and amount of fluid were assessed ...
McDonald S W - - 1995
James Jeffray, Regius Professor of Anatomy at Glasgow University from 1790 -1848, worked at a time when the only legal support of material for dissection was the bodies of hanged criminals. The Napoleonic Wars created a large demand for anatomical teaching and Jeffray saw the height of the body-snatching era. ...
Pletser V - - 1995
The role of man in space is investigated in the operation of the Advanced Fluid Physics Module (AFPM), a scientific instrument dedicated to fluid physics research in a microgravity environment and flown on the Spacelab D2 mission. The astronaut involvement is addressed by applying the criteria of the THURIS study, ...
Nistal M - - 1995
The origin and development of eosinophilic bodies and microliths were studied histochemically and immunohistochemically in 29 human testes from prepubertal and adult males with different diseases. Non-calcified and partially calcified eosinophilic bodies were found mainly in infants and children. Most of the eosinophilic bodies were apparently located within the seminiferous ...
Van Loan M D - - 1995
The increase in body water during pregnancy is responsible for the largest portion of weight gain and is of interest of clinical practitioners. However, assessing changes in body fluids is not easily accomplished during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy for ...
Dodson R F - - 1995
Tissue from an individual with a history of exposure to asbestos and other dust was referred for particulate analysis. The digested material was reviewed by light microscopy to establish the numbers of ferruginous bodies per gram of tissue. Typical asbestos bodies were found at levels consistent with occupational exposure. A ...
Hughes S C - - 1995
Endogenous IGFBP-3 has been examined in the circulation and in four different extravascular fluids in normal healthy adults and in patients with psoriasis or arthritis. In all of these cases there was no apparent increase of IGFBP-3 protease activity in the circulation. In contrast, endogenous IGFBP-3 from normal skin interstititial ...
Catalano P M - - 1995
Twenty women underwent body density (DB) measurements using underwater weighing with correction of residual lung volume by nitrogen dilution and total body water (TBW) using isotope dilution of 18O to estimate body composition at 30 wk of gestation. DB and TBW were used as independent variables in the same equation. ...
Keller L P - - 1994
A petrographic, geochemical, and oxygen isotopic study of the Bali CV3 carbonaceous chondrite revealed that the meteorite has undergone extensive deformation and aqueous alteration on its parent body. Deformation textures are common and include flattened chondrules, a well-developed foliation, and the presence of distinctive (100) planar defects in olivine. The ...
Hamasaki M - - 1994
In addition to the collecting vessels, two initial lymphatic spaces were observed with light and electron microscopes. In the deep parenchyma, the peritubular lymphatic spaces surrounding the tubules were observed as polygonal piles after a corrosion casting to the testis. They were joined to the adjacent piles through fenestrae to ...
Goh C L - - 1994
We compared the point prevalence of cutting fluid dermatitis and transepidermal water vapour loss (TEWL) changes in groups of new machinists who (a) used a barrier cream; (b) used an afterwork emollient cream; and (c) did not use any cream (controls) over a 6-month period. All machinists handled cutting fluid ...
Estroff J A - - 1994
The combination of duodenal atresia and esophageal atresia without tracheoesophageal fistula leads to a closed loop of bowel involving the distal esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Prenatally, this association of anomalies is visualized as a characteristic dilated C-shaped fluid collection in the fetal abdomen. We report three cases of the association ...
Ankum W M - - 1994
Fluid overload may arise during hysteroscopic surgery, caused by absorption of fluid used to distend the uterus. Continuous monitoring of the fluid balance is required to prevent this serious complication. Commercial equipment does not serve this purpose adequately. We describe a simple solution. We weigh the inflow and outflow volumes ...
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