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Foissner Wilhelm - - 2005
We studied the morphology of three rare haptorid ciliates, using live observation and silver impregnation: Apertospathula verruculifera n. sp., Longispatha elegans n. gen., n. sp., and Rhinothrix porculus (Penard, 1922) n. gen., n. comb. Simple ethanol fixation (50-70%, v/v) is recommended to reveal the ciliary pattern of "difficult" ciliates, such ...
Donadio Carlo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the adequacy of single and multifrequency bioimpedance analysis (BIA) to evaluate body water compartments, body composition, and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-based hemodialysis unit. PATIENTS: Nineteen patients (12 male, 7 female), ages 28 to 82 ...
Garstecki Piotr - - 2005
This Letter describes a quasistationary breakup of an immiscible, inviscid fluid at low capillary numbers. The breakup proceeds in a coflowing, viscous liquid, in a confined geometry of a long and narrow orifice. In contrast to the capillary instability in an unbounded fluid, the collapse proceeds through a series of ...
Lee Wesley - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The main goal was to introduce the inversion mode as a new image analysis tool for the examination of fluid-filled structures using 3-dimensional ultrasonography during pregnancy. METHODS: Three-dimensional ultrasonography was performed on fetuses having fluid collections of noncardiac origin. Threshold adjustment was used to visually assign full transparency to ...
Shen Wei W Obesity Research Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and Institute of Human Nutrition, Weight Control Unit, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, - - 2005
The aim of this study was to develop and compare two DXA-based four-compartment [body weight=body cell mass (BCM)+extracellular fluid (ECF)+extracellular solids (ECS)+fat] cellular level models. Total body potassium (TBK) model: BCM from TBK by whole-body counting-ECF(TBK)=LST-[BCM(TBK)+0.73 x osseous mineral (Mo)]. Bromide model: ECF from sodium bromide dilution-BCM(BROMIDE)=LST-(ECF(BROMIDE)+0.73xMo); Mo and LST ...
Rashidnia N - - 2004
We report on experiments in which a more viscous fluid displaces a less viscous one in a vertical cylindrical tube. These experiments were performed using silicone oils in a vertical pipette of small diameter. The more viscous fluid also had a slightly larger density than the less viscous fluid. In ...
Wong John W - - 2004
In routine practice, the evaluation of breast excisional biopsy specimens is assisted by the use of various tissue marking inks to delineate surgical margins and preserve tissue orientation. These inks may simulate microcalcifications in specimen and tissue block radiographs. The magnitude of this problem is studied by systematically identifying the ...
Saulez Montague N - - 2004
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme present in intestinal mucosa, bile, bone, and renal tubule cells. We sought to assess the diagnostic and prognostic relationships of total ALP (ALPt) activity and that of intestine-derived ALP (ALPi) in serum and peritoneal fluid of 126 horses with colic. ALPt and ALPi activities ...
Tanaka Satoshi - - 2004
Infiltrating polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in the peritoneal cavity were found to express L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC), the rate-limiting enzyme of histamine synthesis, in a csein-induced peritonitis model. Expression of HDC was detected in the elicited PMN, but not in the peripheral blood leukocytes. The peritoneal lavage fluids in this model were ...
Wang W-J - - 2004
The first unquestionably bipedal early human ancestors, the species Australopithecus afarensis, were markedly different to ourselves in body proportions, having a long trunk and short legs. Some have argued that 'chimpanzee-like' features such as these suggest a 'bent-hip, bent-knee' (BHBK) posture would have been adopted during gait. Computer modelling studies, ...
Angert Robert M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether cell-free fetal DNA is detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid of women during pregnancy and after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Cerebrospinal fluid was collected from 39 women who underwent an indicated spinal anesthesia procedure. Twenty-six samples were from women who carried at ...
Eisner Thomas - - 2004
The opilionid Acanthopachylus aculeatus was shown to produce a defensive secretion containing quinones (2,3-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone, 2,5-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone and 2,3,5-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone), confirming the findings reported nearly a half century ago in a classic study. The mechanism by which the opilionid puts the secretion to use is described. When disturbed, the animal regurgitates enteric fluid, ...
Schmidt H - - 2004
The diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is still made by exclusion of other dementias. We now evaluated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a possible additional diagnostic tool. CSF LDH levels of patients with CJD (n = 26) were compared with those in other dementias (n = ...
Ryu Jeong-Seon - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the false positive rate for pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level in non-malignant pleural effusions and to determine whether the falsely elevated CEA level has any relation to other biochemical parameters of pleural effusions. METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective analysis of ...
Jin Zhenfu - - 2003
Alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation, ozonation and methoxyl content determinations were applied to decomposing leaf litter of Ginkgo biloba L., Cinnamomum camphora sieb., Zelkova serrata Makino and Firmiana simplex W. F. Wight, respectively, during mulching to investigate the properties and estimate changes in lignin composition and content. Since the Klason lignin residue ...
O'Reilly Terence - - 2003
During infection, nutrient deprivation can alter bacterial phenotype. This, in turn, may have implications for pathogenesis and prophylaxis. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (biotype 1) and Haemophilus parasuis, respiratory tract pathogens of swine, are both V-factor-dependent. The concentrations of V factor in the extracellular fluids of pigs are unknown and may limit the ...
Shine Richard - - 2003
Pregnancy is associated with reduced locomotor performance in many types of animals, but we do not know to what degree this correlation is caused by simple physical burdening, versus physiological changes associated with pregnancy, or to confounding variables (such as season or female body size) that simultaneously influence both reproductive ...
Uhlin Fredrik - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Several methods are available to determine Kt/V, from predialysis and postdialysis blood samples to using on-line dialysate urea monitors or to ionic dialysance using a conductivity method. The aim of this study is to compare Kt/V calculated from the slope of the logarithmic on-line ultraviolet (UV) absorbance measurements, blood ...
Serby Michael - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Authors compared the degrees of cognitive deficit among individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD), the Lewy-body variant of AD (LBV), and "pure" dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB); and compared cortical Lewy body (LB) counts in LBV versus DLB and neuritic plaque and neurofibrillary tangle severity in LBV versus AD. METHODS: ...
Fisher A T - - 2003
Hydrothermal circulation within the sea floor, through lithosphere older than one million years (Myr), is responsible for 30% of the energy released from plate cooling, and for 70% of the global heat flow anomaly (the difference between observed thermal output and that predicted by conductive cooling models). Hydrothermal fluids remove ...
Fish Frank E - - 2003
Maneuverability is critical to the performance of fast-swimming marine mammals that use rapid turns to catch prey. Overhead video recordings were analyzed for two sea lions (Zalophus californianus) turning in the horizontal plane. Unpowered turns were executed by body flexion in conjunction with use of the pectoral and pelvic flippers, ...
Kane Jason M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Women with cerebrospinal fluid shunts require special management during the course of pregnancy. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of delayed postpartum ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection by Group B streptococcus in a 19-year-old who presented complaining of headache and a fever. The CSF culture from the shunt tap and the ...
Matsuzaki Sachiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated new physiological roles for erythropoietin (Epo) unrelated to erythropoiesis. We previously demonstrated that the Epo concentrations in peritoneal fluid from patients with stage I endometriosis were significantly higher than those with stages II, III and IV of the disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that Epo may ...
He Jizhong - - 2002
The heat capacity of pure 3He in low density aerogel is measured at 22.5 bars. The superfluid response is simultaneously monitored with a torsional oscillator. A slightly rounded heat capacity peak, 65 microK in width, is observed at the 3He-aerogel superfluid transition, T(ca). Subtracting the bulk 3He contribution, the heat ...
Rich P M - - 2002
Hyrtl's fissure is a transient anatomic landmark in the developing fetal petrous temporal bone and is usually closed by the normal progression of ossification in the 24th week of gestation. It occasionally persists into extrauterine life and has been reported as an unusual cause of a perilabyrinthine cerebrospinal fluid fistula. ...
Spaide Richard F - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report atypical choroidal neovascularization associated with radiation retinopathy. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: The patient was examined with ophthalmoscopy, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography. RESULTS: A 32-year-old woman presented with an accelerated course of radiation retinopathy with macular edema, capillary telangiectasis, subretinal fluid, and lipid during and after ...
Wu Jun - - 2002
The wing imaginal disc comprises the primordia of the adult wing and the dorsal thoracic body wall. During second larval instar, the wing disc is subdivided into distinct domains that correspond to the presumptive wing and body wall. Early activity of the signaling protein Wingless has been implicated in the ...
Rosengren Bert-Inge - - 2002
This study was performed to investigate the mechanisms responsible for the transport of albumin and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) across capillary walls in vivo. To separate transcytosis from passive, 'porous' transport, we tested the effects of the transcytosis inhibitors N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and filipin given intraperitoneally on the peritoneal capillary clearance of ...
Waguespack Richard W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference range values for synovial fluid from clinically normal New World camelids. ANIMALS: 15 llamas and 15 alpacas. PROCEDURE: Llamas and alpacas were anesthetized with an IM injection of a xylazine hydrochloride, butorphanol tartrate, and ketamine hydrochloride combination. Synovial fluid (1 to 2 ml) was obtained by ...
Naruse Ichiro - - 2002
The genetic polydactyly/arhinencephaly mouse, Pdn/Pdn, exhibits severe polydactyly both in the fore- and hindlimbs, hydrocephalus, and agenesis of the olfactory bulbs, corpus callosum, and anterior commissure. The mechanism of hydrocephalus manifestation in Pdn/Pdn was investigated in the present study. Ink was injected into the left lateral ventricle in the Pdn/Pdn ...
Oh Man S - - 2002
This discussion emphasizes two aspects of hyponatremia: classification according to effective osmolality of the body fluid, and distinction between appropriate and inappropriate ADH secretion. Assessment of the effective osmolality is important because the main deleterious effect of hyponatremia is cell overhydration, which occurs only when the effective osmolality is reduced. ...
Dart Robert - - 2002
We examined the risk of ectopic pregnancy among patients with isolated abnormal cul-de-sac fluid at transvaginal ultrasound. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all ED patients presenting January 1995 to August 1999 with abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding and a positive beta-hCG test. The risk of ectopic pregnancy in ...
Kim H-C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the imaging features of ovarian teratomas containing fluid-fluid levels on ultrasonography (US). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed US examinations of two groups with 805 masses (370 benign ovarian teratomas and 435 nonteratomatous adnexal masses). RESULTS: In 27 teratomas and eight nonteratomatous adnexal masses, fluid-fluid levels were detected on ...
Leaton Mary Beth - - 2001
A woman with pregnancy-induced hypertension may experience a potentially fatal bleeding disorder. This article describes how to recognize trouble and intervene appropriately.
Kelley D S - - 2001
Evidence is growing that hydrothermal venting occurs not only along mid-ocean ridges but also on old regions of the oceanic crust away from spreading centres. Here we report the discovery of an extensive hydrothermal field at 30 degrees N near the eastern intersection of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the Atlantis ...
A┼čik M - - 2001
Rice bodies are free corpuscles of synovial origin with a cartilage-like appearance that may reach hundreds in number in the intra-articular space. Rheumatologic or infectious pathologies that may produce synovial hypertrophy play a major role in the etiology. Already recognized by rheumatologists, this entity is rarely reported in orthopaedic literature. ...
Asakura H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is characterized by postural headache associated with low cerebrospinal fluid pressure. CASE: A 37-year-old Japanese woman, gravida 3, para 2, had sudden onset of severe postural headache at 8 weeks' gestation, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Results of medical and neurologic examinations were normal, and there ...
Kathren R L - - 2001
For more than three decades, the United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries (USTUR) have studied the biokinetics, dosimetry, and biological effects of plutonium, uranium, and americium through voluntary postmortem tissues from persons with known intakes. Radiochemical analyses of tissue obtained at autopsy have shown that plutonium and americium have different ...
Venero J L - - 2001
In this review, we have tried to summarize most available data dealing with the aquaporin (AQP) family of water channels in the CNS. Two aquaporins have been identified so far in the CNS, AQP1 and AQP4. AQP1 is restricted to the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles, which raises a ...
Eddy C V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy is proposed as a method for providing real-time urea concentrations during hemodialysis treatments. The feasibility of such noninvasive urea measurements is evaluated in undiluted dialysate fluid. METHODS: Near-infrared spectra were collected from calibration solutions of urea prepared in dialysate fluid. Spectra were collected over three distinct spectral ...
Liu Y - - 2001
In order to evaluate the changes of lipid perioxides (LPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in peritoneal fluid in patients with endometriosis, the levels of LPO and SOD in peritoneal fluids from infertile women with endometriosis and with normal pelvis were measured. The result showed that the levels of LPO ...
Cetinkaya M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare the absorption of irrigant fluid during transurethral vaporization of the prostate (TUVP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia were randomly assigned to undergo TURP or TUVP; 1.5% glycine +1% ethanol solution was used as the irrigating ...
Rehorek S J - - 2000
The vomeronasal organ is a poorly understood accessory olfactory organ, present in many tetrapods. In mammals, amphibians and lepidosaurian reptiles, it is an encapsulated structure with a central, fluid-filled lumen. The morphology of the lubricatory system of the vomeronasal organ (the source of this fluid) varies among classes, being either ...
Haufschild T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In the kidney, the trachea, and the colon, nitric oxide (NO) can modulate transepithelial fluid transport. This study investigates whether isolated human and porcine ciliary processes produce NO. METHODS: Porcine ciliary processes and iris were used either fresh or thawed after storage at -70 degrees C. Post-mortem (8-12 h) ...
Puniello M S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifting characteristics of elders with functional limitations using burden lifting smoothness, trunk angular momentum, and back and hip torque, and to correlate these characteristics with strength and functional measures. METHODS: Thirty elders (65-89 years old) consented to biomechanical analysis of ...
Calabrò F - - 2000
Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections within the posterior fossa are defined by the Dandy-Walker complex (DWC) and by arachnoid cysts (AC). The DWC includes the Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM), the Dandy-Walker variant (DWV) and the mega-cisterna magna (MCM). In addition, Tortori-Donati et al. added persistent Blake's pouch cyst (BPC) as an ...
Narayanan S - - 2000
The preanalytic phase is an important component of total laboratory quality. A wide range of variables that affect the result for a patient from whom a specimen of blood or body fluid has been collected, including the procedure for collection, handling, and processing before analysis, constitute the preanalytic phase. Physiologic ...
Mazzei T - - 2000
The serum pharmacokinetic data presented are generally in agreement with those obtained by other authors with both the cefaclor IR (immediate release) and AF (advanced formulation) or MR (modified release) formulations. With the new sustained-release formulation, the time of peak (Tmax) and mean residence time (MRT) values are significantly longer ...
Takeuchi K - - 2000
We report a case of successful pregnancy in a woman who was initially diagnosed with renal failure in mid-pregnancy. She was started on hemodialysis, and her fluid balance was serially monitored with bioelectrical impedance analysis. Her body weight decreased and bioelectrical impedance values increased, along with resolution of pulmonary edema ...
Ergenekon E - - 1999
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is the result of a chain of events caused mainly by cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) release, which is later on followed by free oxygen radical injury. To investigate NO involvement in asphyxiated newborns, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) values of NO levels in 17 neonates with ...
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