Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1425
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Cetin M - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence rate of APC resistance (APC-R) with severe preeclampsia in Turkish women. Thirty-two consecutive women having severe preeclampsia were included in the study. Thirty-two healthy pregnant women served as the control group. APC-R assays were performed in the third trimester of ...
Hefler L A - - 2001
The regulation of blood pressure during pregnancy involves several biological pathways. Candidate genes implicated in hypertensive diseases during pregnancy include those of the renin-angiotensin system and nitric oxide synthase (NOS). We evaluated blood pressure and metabolic characteristics during pregnancy in mutant mice. These included mice with a null mutation in ...
Farrell T - - 2001
Hypertensive disorders are the most common medical problems encountered by women during pregnancy and remain a major cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity throughout the world. This article provides an update on the definition and classifications of hypertension in pregnancy and discusses the recent consensus statement from the ...
Magee L A - - 2001
Hypertension is found among 1 to 6% of young women. Treatment aims to decrease cardiovascular risk, the magnitude of which is less dependent on the absolute level of blood pressure (BP) than on associated cardiovascular risk factors, hypertension-related target organ damage and/or concomitant disease. Lifestyle modifications are recommended for all ...
Hussein M - - 2001
AIM: To study the influence of different maternal factors, including antihypertensive medication, on the outcome of pregnancy in primi- and multiparas with pregnancy-associated hypertension. METHODS: A retrospective, multiple-variate analysis was undertaken of the influence of several maternal factors, including antihypertensive medication, on fetal death and Apgar scores and the correlation ...
Ohlmann P - - 2001
During pregnancy the cardiovascular system undergoes several changes so as to adapt the maternal organism to the strains of pregnancy. These adaptations can assume a pathological development in persons with a previous history of cardiovascular problems. On the other hand the absence of these adaptations may lead to a pathological ...
Elsheikh A - - 2001
Gestational hypertension complicates approximately 5%-7% of pregnancies and it may be deleterious to both maternal and fetal health. Gestational hypertension is a multisystem disorder which always resolves itself after delivery; its primary pathology still remains incompletely clarified. The renin-aldosterone system is a major determinant of sodium balance in pregnancy. To ...
Aggarwal N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of pregnancy in women with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH). METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 50 pregnancies in 27 women with NCPH was carried out. Pregnancy outcome was compared in extra hepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF). RESULTS: The mean maternal age ...
van Pampus M G MG Academic Medical Centre, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2001
To provide long-term follow-up data on women with a history of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets [(H)ELLP] syndrome regarding the risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and disease in later life. All women admitted to the Academic Medical Centre between January 1984 and January 1996 with (H)ELLP syndrome ...
Powers R W RW Magee-Womens Research Institute Department of Ob/Gyn & Reproductive Sciences, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2001
The objective of this study was to confirm that endothelial dysfunction is present in preeclampsia and absent in transient hypertension of pregnancy, and to determine whether the cardiovascular risk factor homocysteine is associated with the degree of endothelial dysfunction. We measured cellular fibronectin (as a marker of endothelial injury) and ...
de León R G RG Universidad Nacional de Tucumán (UNT), Argentina. - - 2001
To evaluate the plasma prorenin levels during the three trimesters of normal pregnancy, their prognostic value, and their correlation with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. A prospective study in which plasma prorenin and renin levels were measured in 55 healthy pregnant women and 66 who developed gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. The ...
Fleming S M SM Department of Cardiology, University College Hospital, Galway, - - 2001
To investigate serum levels of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (Nt pro-BNP) as an index of left-ventricular function in normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated by hypertension and also to investigate levels in both primigravid and multigravid women. Women with hypertension in pregnancy (at least two readings of systolic blood pressure > ...
Gómez Ponce de León R R Hypertension and Pregnancy Clinic, Perinatology Service, Avellaneda Hospital, Tucumán, Argentina. - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to determine the associations of cold pressor test (CPT) cardiovascular reactivity with gestational age at birth and neonatal size in normotensive pregnant women. Seventy (70) healthy pregnant women were enrolled. The CPT consisted of introducing the patients' hands in cold water (4 degrees ...
Easterling T R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and potential benefits of low-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment in pregnancies complicated by severe hypertension. METHODS: A retrospective review of pregnant women treated with ACE inhibitors was conducted. Hemodynamics before and after treatment were assessed by using Doppler technique to measure cardiac output. Data ...
Kashyap S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension in patients with and without polycystic ovary disease (PCOD). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective, case-control analysis of patients who achieved singleton pregnancies with human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) therapy. Twenty-two PCOD patients were compared to 27 infertility patients without PCOD who were ...
Khedun S M - - 2000
To determine tissue kallikrein (TK) activity in black African women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; 140 women were recruited and divided into the following groups: group A--35 preeclamptic women, group B--35 mild to moderate hypertensive pregnant women and group C--35 normotensive pregnant women, and group D--35 normotensive non-pregnant healthy women. ...
Ferrer R L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of evidence relating to management of mild chronic hypertension during pregnancy, including associated risks, benefits, and harms of treatment with antihypertensive agents, nonpharmacologic measures, and aspirin and benefits of various monitoring strategies. DATA SOURCES: Using four broad search strategies, we searched English and non-English-language ...
Broughton Pipkin F - - 2000
Hypertension arising during pregnancy remains one of the two most frequently-cited causes of maternal death in the UK. In some cases, pregnancy is unmasking underlying hypertension, which manifests itself in later life. Pregnant women who develop de novo proteinuric hypertension (pre-eclampsia, PE) can share many risk factors with patients with ...
Hogg B B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether second-trimester plasma homocysteine levels are elevated among women whose pregnancies are subsequently complicated by pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, or intrauterine growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: Women with normal but relatively low plasma zinc levels were randomly assigned to receive zinc supplementation or ...
Baum M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the end-tidal carbon monoxide breath levels in pregnant women with and without pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively performed end-tidal carbon monoxide measurements corrected for ambient carbon monoxide in nonsmoking women during late gestation (>31 weeks). The study group included 22 women with ...
Garovic V D VD Department of Internal Medicine, and Pregnancy-Related Hypertension and Kidney Disease Clinic, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2000
Hypertension affects 10% of pregnancies in the United States and remains a leading cause of both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Hypertension in pregnancy includes a spectrum of conditions, most notably preeclampsia, a form of hypertension unique to pregnancy that occurs de novo or superimposed on chronic hypertension. Risks ...
Valensise H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An increase in total body water is common in normal pregnancy. It is thought to be an important mechanism of maternal adaptation to pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess longitudinal changes in body water compartments in pregnant women and to correlate these measurements with ...
Benedetto C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nitric oxide (NO) production in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension or preeclampsia and in controls. METHODS: Four groups of pregnant women were included: 17 patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension, ten with mild or moderate preeclampsia, 17 with severe preeclampsia, and 44 normotensive women matched for weeks of gestation at ...
Laivuori H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate C to T substitution at nucleotide 677 of N(5), N(10)-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene in women with prior preeclamptic or normotensive pregnancies. METHODS: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotypes were determined in 113 Finnish women with preeclamptic first pregnancies and 103 controls with one or more normotensive pregnancies, using polymerase chain reaction ...
Angerio A D - - 2000
Preeclampsia is pregnancy-induced hypertension. The hypoxia at high altitude increases the incidence of preeclampsia. Endothelin is released in response to hypoxia and is associated with other hypertensive states at high altitude. Endothelin may play a major role in preeclampsia for individuals residing at high altitude. Endothelin antagonists may prove useful ...
Kobashi G - - 2000
An association between preeclampsia (PE) and a common missense mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR), a C to T substitution at nucleotide 677 (C677T), which converts an alanine to a valine residue, has been reported in Italian and Japanese populations. We examined 101 cases of hypertension in pregnancy (HP), ...
Eskes T K - - 2000
Leon C. Chesley's first paper opened with the title 'Pregnancy in the patient with hypertensive disease'(1). Leon C. Chesley PhD, John E. Annitto, MD, MSc (Med), Jersey City, NJ, USA (from the Margaret Hague Maternity Hospital) [Am J Obstet Gynecol 1947;53:372-381]. We quote some lines from this important paper and ...
Hall D R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether nifedipine or prazosin is the more appropriate second-line antihypertensive agent in pregnancy. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Tygerberg Hospital, a tertiary referral centre. POPULATION: Women with early, severe pre-eclampsia or hypertension in pregnancy, whose blood pressure could not be adequately controlled by methyldopa 2 g/day, but ...
Dawson E B - - 2000
This study compares the red blood cell (Rbc) levels of lead (Pb), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) in relation to blood pressure in 39 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy. The study population included 20 women with normal pregnancies, 15 with mild hypertension, and 4 with severe hypertension ...
Sibai B M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare rates and severity of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, as well as perinatal outcomes when these complications develop, between women with twin gestations and those with singleton gestations. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of prospective data from women with twin (n = ...
Foong L C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a difference in peripheral vascular reactivity between normal women and those with pregnancy-induced hypertension. METHODS: Capillary blood flow (flux) was recorded in the skin over the ankle in 26 pregnant women with pregnancy-induced hypertension at term. Twelve of these women had proteinuria, and 14 ...
Heimrath J - - 2000
One of the reason of PIH problems may be due to exposition to placental trophoblast. The objective of the work was to evaluate the number of trophoblast cells deported into maternal peripheral blood of patients with PIH (pregnancy induced hypertension) as compared to normal pregnancy. Trophoblasts have been detected, by ...
Kirschbaum B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine if pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is associated with a narrow anion gap. METHODS: Chart review of women with uncomplicated pregnancies and those with PIH and varying degrees of proteinuria. Electrolytes, total protein, albumin, creatinine, uric acid, a qualitative or quantitative measurement of urine protein were required for inclusion ...
Akyol D - - 2000
Vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, may play a role in preventing preeclampsia. Maternal blood samples were collected between 28 and 40 weeks' gestation from women with mild preeclampsia (n=17), women with severe preeclampsia (n=16) and the control group (n=15). This control group was consisted of 15 pregnant women without hypertension ...
Vázquez Blanco M - - 2000
The changes induced by transient hypertension upon cardiac geometry (G) are unclear. Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) offers a natural and spontaneous model of this condition. To assess geometric changes according to two-dimensionally guided M-mode echocardiography, we compared patients with PIH with normal pregnant women (NPW). Fifty-five women, aged 28.5 +/- 7.5 ...
Carr D B - - 2000
The aim of this study is to evaluate the hemodynamics and pregnancy outcome of women with prior orthotopic liver transplantation. Hemodynamic measurements by Doppler technique were performed on pregnant subjects with prior orthotopic liver transplantation. Maternal characteristics, renal function, pregnancy complications, delivery indications, delivery mode, and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. ...
Nezu M - - 2000
Two women who first had the clinical features of primary aldosteronism in the postpartum period are described. Their gestations were virtually uneventful. After delivery, however, progressively severe hypertension (Joint National Committee VI, stage 3) with hypokalemia developed. Pregnancy may conceal the clinical symptoms of primary aldosteronism that causes unexpected severe ...
August Phyllis - - 2000
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder unique to pregnancy and is of unknown cause. It is both a maternal as well as fetal syndrome. It affects 2%-10% of nulliparas, and is more prevalent when preexisting hypertension, renal disease, or diabetes is present. The main clinical features of the disorder are maternal ...
Awad K - - 2000
Hypertension in pregnancy includes a group of distinct disorders that require special consideration in both prevention and pharmacologic treatment. In recent years, there have been few advances regarding the pathophysiology and prevention of preeclampsia, or in recommendations for first-line drug therapy of the hypertensive complications of preeclampsia. Similarly, the recommendations ...
Pandey S - - 2000
The role of vitamin A therapy in pregnancy induced hypertension (P.I.H.) on free radical cascade was studied in P.I.H. patients of third trimester. It was found that vitamin A therapy causes statistically significant decrease in lipid peroxidation. However it has no effect on superoxide dismutase and catalase. This indicates that ...
Badalian S S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy associated with primary pulmonary hypertension is an uncommon observation, with maternal mortality > 50%. Experience treating this condition is limited. Past reports have emphasized the need for pregnancy termination. In the last few years there has been considerable interest in long-term intravenous use of epoprostenol (prostacyclin) in patients ...
Tomlinson A J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a patient treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with a good neonatal outcome. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old African-Caribbean patient who had chronic hypertension presented at 18 weeks' gestation with acute hypertension. She was being treated for chronic hypertension with lisinopril, but had self-discontinued ...
Powrie R - - 2000
When they became aware that many of their internal medicine residents were not being routinely exposed to a representative range of medical illnesses in pregnancy, the authors set out to develop and implement a brief practical curriculum on the medical problems of pregnancy. They began with a retrospective chart review ...
Wyckoff J A - - 2000
Glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA) is a hereditary form of primary hyperaldosteronism that presents with hypokalemia and hypertension from childhood onward. GRA is characterized by the ectopic production of aldosterone in the cortisol-producing zona fasciculata under the regulation of adrenocorticotrophic hormone. Despite the early age of onset, no previous reports of pregnancy ...
von Dadelszen P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We investigated the relation between fetoplacental growth and the use of oral antihypertensive medication to treat mild-to-moderate pregnancy hypertension. METHODS: The study design was a metaregression analysis of published data from randomised controlled trials. Data from a paper that was regarded as an extreme statistical outliner were excluded from ...
Aardema, Margriet Willemien
GENERAL INTRODUCTION In the past fifty years, mother and child care in many parts of the world has developed to a high standard, and maternal and perinatal mortality figures have declined dramatically. As complications of illegal abortions, infections and death from postpartum haemorrhage are rarely seen these days in developed ...
Paneva-Masin J - - 2000
A number of laboratory tests are available for evaluation of hypertension in pregnancy. These tests can be used to either predict and/or prognosticate preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate alterations in fibronectin homeostasis in normotensive pregnancy and in hypertensive disorders of ...
Byrd L - - 2000
Fertility is restored following renal transplantation, and the potential for motherhood can be realised. This retrospective study reviews the outcome of 53 pregnancies, in 24 patients, between 1988 and 1995. All patients underwent transplant surgery, and received antenatal care at a single centre. The mean age at first conception was ...
Magee L A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Examine the benefits/risks of beta-blockers for pregnancy hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of relevant trials identified by comprehensive literature review (1966-97). RESULTS: Included were 30 trials for pregnancy hypertension, and four others for perinatal outcomes only. For mild chronic hypertension treated throughout pregnancy (n=2 trials), oral beta-blockers (compared with no ...
Anato V - - 2000
We determined the serum levels of leptin in 96 pregnant women with body mass index between 20 to 30, 30 normal (NP), 26 with mild preeclampsia (MPE), 27 with severe preeclampsia (SPE), 6 with chronic hypertension plus preeclampsia (CHT+PE) and 7 with chronic hypertension (CHT). A significant (p < 0.01) ...
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