Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1425
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Schmider-Ross Annette A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charité, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Humboldt-University, Berlin, Germany. - - 2004
A missense mutation at codon 810 (Ser --> Leu) of the mineralocorticoid receptor was recently observed in a family with early manifestation of hypertension. Our objective was to determine if this mineralocorticoid receptor alterations is prevalent in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension. Thirty-eight women with hypertension during pregnancy were tested for ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino P Obstetric Intensive Unit, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Complejo, Hospitalario Arnulfo Arias Madrid, Caja de Seguro Social, Panamá, Panama. - - 2004
To determine the maternal outcome associated with severe chronic hypertension during the second half of pregnancy. An analysis of data obtained of women with severe chronic hypertension (> or = 160/110 mm Hg) and > or = 20 weeks' gestation who were hospitalized and delivered during a 5-year period. The ...
Vriend Joris W J JW Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2004
Aortic coarctation is an unusual cause of hypertension in pregnancy. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman with severe hypertension after surgical repair of aortic coarctation in childhood. An MRI showed a residual stenosis of the aortic arch and a small aneurysm. Pregnant postcoarctectomy patients are at an increased ...
Caetano M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2004
How Canadian practitioners are diagnosing and managing the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), particularly in relation to the 1997 recommendations published by the Canadian Hypertension Society (CHS), is not known. A survey, with French and English versions (and covering diagnosis, evaluation, and management of pregnancy hypertension), was mailed to all ...
Bryson Chris L - - 2003
Gestational diabetes and pregnancy-induced hypertension are common, and their relation is not well understood. The authors conducted a population-based case-control study using 1992-1998 Washington State birth certificate and hospital discharge records to investigate this relation. Consecutive cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension were divided into four groups based on International Classification of ...
Khatun A - - 2003
This prospective study on assessment of renal insufficiency in pregnancy induced proteinuric hypertension was carried out on 104 cases, in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (former IPGM&R), Dhaka during period of August 1997 to September 1998. The objective of this study, to find out the impairment of renal function in ...
Misra R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fetal survival and the risk of accelerated renal damage are the two major concerns with pregnancies complicated by chronic kidney disease. Although fetal survival has increased significantly due to improved antenatal and neonatal services, the maternal and neonatal morbidity is still considerable. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of 51 pregnancies ...
Ohta Kaori - - 2003
Hypertension in pregnancy (HP), including preeclampsia (PE), is known to be a multifactorial disease. Recently, an Ile105Val variant of the glutathione S-transferase P1 gene ( GSTP1) was shown to be associated with PE in The Netherlands. We therefore performed an association study of the Ile105Val variant comparing 131 patients with ...
Kestenbaum Bryan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common complication of pregnancy. Previous evidence has linked pregnancy-related hypertension to maternal cardiovascular disease. We conducted a population-based cohort study to estimate the risks for cardiovascular and thromboembolic events in women with pregnancy-related hypertension. METHODS: We analyzed data from all singleton births recorded in Washington State ...
Al-Ghamdi Aisha A - - 2003
This report describes a case of Takayasus arteritis in a 19-year-old Palestinian female. She conceived after diagnosis. Her pregnancy was complicated by uncontrolled hypertension, which was not associated with other markers of disease activity. Despite aggressive medical treatment, cesarean section had to be carried out at 34 weeks of pregnancy ...
Contreras Freddy - - 2003
Pregnancy-induced hypertension is one of the complications that obstetricians fear most due to its sudden appearance, its changing clinical presentation, its rapid evolution, and its association with high fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Because of these reasons, preeclampsia has been studied widely. But although the search for answers to ...
Ahn Jennifer T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytoma in pregnancy is extremely dangerous, especially when unrecognized, and can present alone or as part of a multineoplastic syndrome. Hypertension, its hallmark, is not present in all cases, particularly in women with multiple endocrine neoplasia type IIa. CASE: We report a gravida with undiagnosed multiple endocrine neoplasia IIa ...
Stratta Piero - - 2003
Since the first successful case of a pregnancy reported 40 yrs ago in a woman receiving a kidney transplant from her identical twin sister who did not receive immunosuppressive medications, the dream of a pregnancy in a renal transplant recipient has become reality. In women of childbearing age with a ...
Shenhav Simon - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The levels of midtrimester triple test constituents are known to be altered in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether midtrimester triple test constituent levels differ in women with severe preeclampsia and those who also develop HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) ...
Hirtenlehner Kora - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a dedicated monitoring protocol on the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension disorders (preeclampsia, HELLP [hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets] syndrome, gestational hypertension) during a 5-year period in 417 women with multiple gestations. METHODS: At the Department of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine, Vienna University, an ...
D'Aniello Gemma - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether genetic thrombophilic mutations, biochemical and biophysical indices help to predict pregnancy outcome in women with gestational hypertension. DESIGN AND METHODS: A group of 59 women with gestational hypertension were prospectively tested between 24 and 26 weeks of gestation for: (i) DNA analysis to search for gene ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether rates of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy increase beyond 37 weeks of gestation and to address how best to analyze these rates. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all women delivered beyond 37 weeks' gestational age from 1995 ...
Holley Jean L - - 2003
Although uncommon, pregnancy occurs in women on chronic dialysis. In 1980 the incidence of pregnancy in women on dialysis was 0.9%. Studies from 1992 to 2003 indicate that pregnancy occurred in 1-7% of women on chronic dialysis. Half of the infants born to women on chronic dialysis survive. Of importance ...
Longo Sherri A - - 2003
Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, which account for approximately 15% of pregnancy-related deaths, represent the second-leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. New classifications recommended by the National Institutes of Health's Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy have decreased the confusion often associated with these disorders. ...
Tranquilli Andrea Luigi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the outcomes of the hypertensive and preeclamptic pregnancies with or without fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 437 hypertensive pregnant women treated by calcium antagonists and divided in four groups: Gestational hypertension (GH) with or without FGR (GH-AGA: 244; GH-FGR: 78) and ...
Abbrescia Kelly - - 2003
The second and third trimester of pregnancy is a period of extensive physical growth and maturation of the fetus. Unfortunately, it is also a period that is marked by complications that can be life threatening for both the mother and fetus. The top three complications that affect pregnancy are hemorrhage, ...
Robillard Pierre-Yves - - 2003
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP: pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia) affect approximately 10% of human births. Women are at increased risk for HDP during their first conception; and/or when the conception is with a new partner (new paternity); when conception occurs very shortly after the beginning of their sexual relationship. A ...
Poonyth Lalita - - 2003
In Mauritius, the maternal mortality rate (MMR) was 21 per 100000 live births for the year 2001 and this is comparable with figures from developed countries. There has been poor documentation in the area of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy until recently in the island. Consequently, we analysed data from the ...
Davison John M - - 2003
Pregnancy is not contraindicated in renal transplant recipients with stable renal function, and a successful and healthy obstetric outcome can be expected in 95% of such cases. The incidence of both maternal and fetal complications is related to the degree of graft dysfunction and/or hypertension prior to pregnancy. Poorer prognosis ...
Frusca T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether abnormal uterine artery velocimetry in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension is more predictive of the outcome of pregnancy than the presence of proteinuria and the severity of hypertension. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 344 hypertensive pregnant women who underwent uterine artery Doppler investigation. Patients were ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2003
Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are common disorders during pregnancy, with the majority of cases developing at or near term. The development of mild hypertension or preeclampsia at or near term is associated with minimal maternal and neonatal morbidities. In contrast, the onset of severe gestational hypertension and/or severe preeclampsia before ...
Mpio Ignace - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Although Caribbean people have been a lesser-studied ethnic group than other populations, they have a high burden of hypertension and renal disease. Because Caribbean people have a greater muscle mass than Caucasians, this study examined the accuracy of creatinine-based estimates (creatinine clearance; C(cr) and Cockcroft-Gault formula; C-G ...
Wongkitisophon Kitti - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 4-hour urine protein value correlates with 24-hour urine protein value in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study was performed in 38 in-patient pregnant women who were initially diagnosed as having hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Urine samples were collected within 24 hours in ...
Seely Ellen W - - 2003
New-onset hypertension (which includes preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) is a common and morbid complication of pregnancy. Many features of the insulin resistance syndrome have been associated with this condition. These include hypertension, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, obesity, and lipid abnormalities. Other accompanying abnormalities may include elevated levels of leptin, TNFalpha, tissue ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2003
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder that complicates 6% to 8% of pregnancies, with higher rates in women with preexisting hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or previous history of preeclampsia. Recent large randomized trials, including two large trials conducted by members of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Network, have not shown a benefit in reducing ...
Magee L A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of births complicated by either a pre-existing or a gestational non-proteinuric hypertension, presenting at <34 weeks' gestation, and the associated incidence with 1 or more serious perinatal complications or birth weight <3rd centile for gestational age. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in 5 ...
Lipstein Hadassah - - 2003
Eclampsia is defined by the occurrence of seizures resulting from hypertensive encephalopathy on the background of preeclampsia. The development of hypertension during pregnancy, a serious and potentially fatal condition, is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and death in the United States.(1-3) It is a disease with preventable ...
Buhling Kai J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and gestational diabetes (GDM) in twin pregnancies (TP) in comparison with singleton pregnancies (SP), and to test whether TP with GDM have a higher risk than TP without GDM, as is known to be the case ...
Chavarría María Eugenia - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1)(alpha) and thromboxane B(2) plasma levels throughout normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies and to analyze the predictive values of these quantifications for the detection of preeclampsia during the second trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples were collected from 30 healthy, ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Timing of delivery is difficult to judge in preeclampsia. OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences of maternal and perinatal outcome of patients with severe preeclampsia and essential hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia, with expectant management at 24-34 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of a conservative regime using intravenous magnesium ...
Hooi L S - - 2003
There were 72 pregnancies in 46 renal transplants (RTs) between 1984 and 2001, 89% from living donors, 11% cadaveric. Mean age at RT was 26.9 +/- 4.3 years and at pregnancy 30.7 +/- 4.7 years. Mean time to pregnancy after RT was 4.5 +/- 3.1 years. 54% were unplanned. 45 ...
Reynolds Dianne - - 2003
Lower extremity edema is an almost universal finding in late pregnancy, occurring secondary to increased venous pressure in the legs, obstruction of lymphatic flow, and reduced plasma colloid osmotic pressure.(1) Varney describes gestational edema as the development of an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues without coexisting hypertension or ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Changes in circadian variation of blood pressure (BP) could be used either to predict preeclampsia or to assess its severity. We examined and compared characteristics of circadian variability in BP in women with both healthy and complicated pregnancies who were systematically monitored throughout gestation. METHODS: We analyzed 2430 BP ...
Rajagopal Mooken - - 2003
AIM: To determine evidence of nitric oxide (NO) in decidual biopsies and fetal membranes of preeclamptic women. BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator, has been postulated to have a role in the etiology of preeclampsia. Investigations in peripheral blood have led to conflicting results. We therefore decided to study whether ...
Maynard Sharon E - - 2003
Preeclampsia, a syndrome affecting 5% of pregnancies, causes substantial maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of preeclampsia remains largely unknown. It has been hypothesized that placental ischemia is an early event, leading to placental production of a soluble factor or factors that cause maternal endothelial dysfunction, resulting in ...
Sørensen Holger J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Diuretics prescribed after the first trimester for treatment of hypertension in pregnant women may interfere with normal plasma volume expansion and cause volume depletion. The authors hypothesized that prenatal exposure to diuretics and maternal hypertension might disrupt fetal neurodevelopment and increase the risk of schizophrenia in offspring. METHOD: Using ...
Novelli Gian Paolo - - 2003
In the past, an adverse prognostic significance of an altered left ventricular geometry in essential hypertension has been demonstrated. There are no data on the prognostic significance of an altered cardiac structure during pregnancy. The present study was designed to evaluate the prognostic impact on the outcome of pregnancy of ...
Roberts James M - - 2003
A Working Group on Research in Hypertension in Pregnancy was recently convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to determine the state of knowledge in this area and suggest appropriate directions for research. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, especially preeclampsia, are a leading cause of maternal death worldwide and ...
Livingston J C - - 2003
Hypertension is the most common medical disorder during pregnancy. Chronic hypertension is a serious medical complication in pregnancy with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Those who develop uncontrolled severe hypertension, those with target organ damage, and those who are poorly compliant with prenatal visits are at high risk ...
Basbug Mustafa - - 2003
We aimed to determine the value of maternal erythrocyte malondialdehyde levels in the prediction of preeclampsia. 110 healthy women were included in this prospective study. Maternal erythrocyte malondialdehyde levels were measured at each trimester of pregnancy (10-14, 20-25 and 30-35 gestational weeks). On follow-up, patients were assigned to two groups ...
Yasuda Ritsuko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to correlate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with the clinical course of preeclampsia with edema. DESIGN: 440 pregnant women with apparently normal, single pregnancy participated in this longitudinal study. Anthropometric measurements and BIA were performed during pregnancy and postpartum period. RESULTS: All of the ...
Newman Mark G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Current treatment of preeclampsia no longer mandates delivery for proteinuria of >5 g per 24 hours. We sought to determine whether delayed delivery of preeclampsia with massive proteinuria (>10 g/24 h) increased maternal or neonatal morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: Records of all women with preeclampsia who were delivered at <37 ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2003
Despite poor sensitivity and specificity, office blood pressure (BP) determinations are still the "gold standard" for diagnosing gestational hypertension. This prospective blind study evaluates the prognostic value of office values as compared with ambulatory monitoring in pregnancy. We analyzed 2175 BP series systematically sampled from 355 non-preeclamptic pregnant women for ...
Afifi Y - - 2003
The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate 5-10% of pregnancies. Of these disorders 70% are pregnancy related (preeclampsia-eclampsia and gestation hypertension) and 30 % are a pre-existing hypertensive condition (chronic hypertension). These disorders are associated with maternal and fetal complications and have a substantial economic impact. This review examined the pharmacological ...
Waugh Jason J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK. - - 2003
To determine the accuracy of the DCA 2000 albumin/creatinine ratio urinanalyzer (Bayer Corp., Elkhart, IN) in uncomplicated pregnancy and preeclampsia. This was a prospective observational study in a large teaching maternity hospital. Ninety one uncomplicated pregnant women and 100 women referred for assessment of de novo hypertension in pregnancy had ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >