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Guszkowska Monika M Faculty of Tourism and Recreation - - 2014
Abstract Background: Mental health is important in the development of pregnancy and a fetus. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine demographic, socio-economic, and personality-based correlates of mental health of well-educated Polish primiparas living in the capital city. Method: The study included 164 women aged 22-38 in the ...
Maeda Ayumi A From the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (A.M., C.R.C., L.R.L.); Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (B.T.B.); and Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
The authors investigated nationwide trends in opioid abuse or dependence during pregnancy and assessed the impact on maternal and obstetrical outcomes in the United States. Hospitalizations for delivery were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1998 to 2011. Temporal trends were assessed and logistic regression was used to examine ...
- - 2014
: Listeriosis is predominantly a foodborne illness, with sporadic and outbreak-related cases tied to consumption of food contaminated with listeria (Listeria monocytogenes). The incidence of listeriosis associated with pregnancy is approximately 13 times higher than in the general population. Maternal infection may present as a nonspecific, flu-like illness with fever, ...
Kharbanda Elyse O EO HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, - - 2014
In 2010, due to a pertussis outbreak and neonatal deaths, the California Department of Health recommended that the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) be administered during pregnancy. Tdap is now recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for all pregnant women, preferably between 27 ...
Rokicki Slawa S Department of Health Policy, Evaluative Sciences and Statistics, Harvard University, 14 Story Street, 4th floor, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA, - - 2014
Over the last few decades, total fertility rates, child morbidity, and child mortality rates have declined in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Among the most striking trends observed are the rapid rate of urbanization and the often remarkably large gaps in fertility between rural and urban areas. Although a large ...
Chantry Anne Alice AA 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Resear team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. 2Baudelocque Midwifery School, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. 3Departments of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Hôpital Cochin, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Centre, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2014
To determine the national rate per delivery of pregnancy-related ICU admissions of women in France, the characteristics and severity of these cases, and their trends over the 4-year study period. Descriptive study from the national hospital discharge database. All ICUs in France. All women admitted to an ICU during the ...
dʼArminio Monforte Antonella A *Department of Health Sciences, Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; †Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy; ‡Infectious Diseases, Bagno a Ripoli Hospital, Florence, Italy; §Department of Health and Infectious Diseases, University La Sapienza, Polo Pontino, Rome, Italy; ‖Infectious Diseases, INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Rome, Italy; ¶Infectious Diseases, Galliera Hospital, Genova, Italy; #Infectious Diseases, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; **Clinical Immunology, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy; ††Infectious Diseases, University Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; ‡‡Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Spedali Civili, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; and §§INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Epidemiology, Rome, - - 2014
We analyzed antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens and pregnancy outcomes in naive and ART-experienced HIV-positive women from Italian Cohort Naive Antiretrovirals cohort and investigated frequency and predictors of detectable viral load (VL) at delivery. All pregnancies resulting in live births were included. Based on ART at the beginning of pregnancy, pregnancies ...
de Bari Ornella O Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Epidemiological and clinical studies have found that gallstone prevalence is twice as high in women as in men at all ages in every population studied. Hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy put women at higher risk. The incidence rates of biliary sludge (a precursor to gallstones) and gallstones are up to ...
Aparicio Elizabeth - - 2014
Despite gains in reducing teenage pregnancy during the past 20 years, disparities in teenage pregnancy rates persist: The teenage pregnancy rate in Latino communities is now nearly double the average rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States. Considering the significant risks teenage pregnancy and parenting pose to both the ...
Briggs Rosalind R Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Does the chance of pregnancy keep improving with increasing number of oocytes, or can you collect too many? Clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) rates per embryo transfer varied from 10.2 and 9.2% following one oocyte collected to 37.7 and 31.3% when >16 oocytes were collected. Regression modelling indicated ...
Allen Elizabeth N - - 2014
BackgroundThe World Health Organisation has designed a pregnancy registry to investigate the effect of maternal drug use on pregnancy outcomes in resource-limited settings. In this sentinel surveillance system, detailed health and drug use data are prospectively collected from the first antenatal clinic visit until delivery. Over and above other clinical ...
Smedberg Janne J School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies have reported an association between depression and continuing smoking during pregnancy. However, differences in study design and methodology challenge study comparability. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal depression and continuing smoking among pregnant European women while adjusting for maternal characteristics. This multinational, ...
Evens Emily E a Health Services Research, FHI 360 , Durham , - - 2014
In developing-country settings, pregnancy intentions are often assessed using a series of questions from the Demographic and Health Surveys, yet research conducted in several countries yields conflicting results regarding these questions' ability to predict pregnancy. Conducted in Malawi and South Africa, this study identified individual, partner and societal factors that ...
Rose Sally B SB Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington 6242, New Zealand - - 2014
What proportions of women have a second abortion or continued pregnancy within 12-46 months of a first abortion? Estimated return rates for a second abortion were 5, 10.9 and 19.8% at 12, 24 and 46-months, respectively, and rates of continued pregnancy were 5.6, 12.9 and 24.3% at the same intervals. ...
Massie John J Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To describe prenatal and preconception population carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in Australia and consider progress towards establishing a universal program. Medline and Embase databases (1989-2013) were searched for all publications with Australian data. Existing programs for CF carrier screening in Australia were reviewed and professional peak body websites ...
Charlton Ra R Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath, - - 2014
To explore the prescribing patterns of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) before, during and after pregnancy in six European population-based databases. Descriptive drug utilisation study. Six electronic healthcare databases in Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy (Emilia Romagna/Tuscany), Wales and the rest of the UK. All women with a pregnancy ending in ...
Kozhimannil Katy B KB Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 729, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA, - - 2014
Identifying co-occurring community risk factors, specific to rural communities, may suggest new strategies and partnerships for addressing sexual health issues among rural youth. We conducted an ecological analysis to identify the county-level correlates of pregnancy and chlamydia rates among adolescents in rural (nonmetropolitan) counties in Minnesota. Pregnancy and chlamydia infection ...
Carrion Bianca V BV Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Housing instability is an understudied social condition that may be a severe stressor during pregnancy. Aims of this study are to identify correlates of housing instability and to explore the association between housing instability and birth weight among pregnant teens and young mothers. Participants included pregnant women ages 14-21 from ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2014
We aimed to assess the potential usefulness of primary care data in the UK for estimating smoking prevalence in pregnancy by comparing the primary care data estimates with those obtained from other data sources. In The Health Improvement Network (THIN) primary care database, we identified pregnant smokers using smoking information ...
Gon Giorgia G Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
To estimate the effect of unimproved household water and toilet facilities on pregnancy-related mortality in Afghanistan. The data source was a population-based cross-sectional study, the Afghan Mortality Survey 2010. Descriptive, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out, comparing 69 pregnancy-related deaths (cases) and 15386 surviving women (non-cases) who ...
Shobeiri Fatemeh - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy remains a major gynaecologyical problem in contemporary gynaecological practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and some risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. This was a retrospective descriptive study carried out at hospitals in Hamadan provience, Iran. A total of ...
Zomerdijk Im I Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board, Utrecht, the - - 2014
To study the dispensing of potentially teratogenic drugs in the 12-month period before as well as during pregnancy in the Netherlands. Population-based study. A cohort was constructed using a linkage between the PHARMO Database Network and the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN). A total of 203 962 Dutch pregnancies reported between 1999 ...
Kågesten Anna A Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA - - 2014
What are the characteristics and circumstances of pregnancies men report as unintended in France? Pregnancies reported as unintended were most prevalent among young men with insecure financial situations, less stable relationships and inconsistent use of contraception or false assumptions about their partner's use of contraception. Efforts to involve men in ...
Li Z Z School of Women's and Children's Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2031, Australia Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, - - 2014
What are the clinical efficacy and perinatal outcomes following transfer of vitrified blastocysts compared with transfer of fresh or of slow frozen blastocysts? Compared with slow frozen blastocysts, vitrified blastocysts resulted in significantly higher clinical pregnancy and live delivery rates with similar perinatal outcomes at population level. Although vitrification has ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R TR 1] 1.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Pediatrics, Linköping University, Sweden [2] 2.Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
A limited microbial exposure is suggested to underlie the increase of allergic diseases in affluent countries, and bacterial diversity seems to be more important than specific bacteria taxa. Prospective studies indicate that the gut microbiota composition during the first months of life influences allergy development, and support the theory that ...
Ehrhardt Stephan S Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of - - 2014
Lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are both active against hepatitis B virus (HBV). Due to its potency, high genetic barrier to resistance, and safety during pregnancy, TDF may be useful to prevent HBV transmission from mother-to-child, which is the leading cause of transmission globally. Despite the safety record of ...
Edwards Laura L Department of Health, Top End Remote Health, Darwin, Northern Territory, - - 2014
In the Northern Territory (NT), 38% of 3500 births each year are to Indigenous women, 80% of whom live in regional and remote areas. Compared with the general Australian population, rates of pre-existing type 2 diabetes in pregnancy are 10-fold higher and rates of gestational diabetes are 1.5-fold higher among ...
Gilboa Suzanne M SM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities , Mail Stop E-86, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333 , USA , +1 404 498 4425 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Approximately 10 - 15% of women reportedly take an antihistamine during pregnancy for the relief of nausea and vomiting, allergy and asthma symptoms, or indigestion. Antihistamines include histamine H1-receptor and H2-receptor antagonists. Areas covered: This is a systematic evaluation of the peer-reviewed epidemiologic literature published through February 2014 on ...
Axelsdottir Thury O TO Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland, Solvangur Health Centre , Hafnarfjordur , - - 2014
Objective. To analyse drug use in early pregnancy with special focus on socio-demographic factors associated with psychotropic and analgesic drug use. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting and subjects. A total of 1765 women were invited via their local health care centres, and 1111 participated at 11-16 weeks of pregnancy by filling ...
Anderson Amy E - - 2014
A number of alcohol guidelines worldwide suggest that pregnant women should abstain from alcohol. However, high prevalence rates of alcohol consumption during pregnancy still exist. It is unknown whether there are problems with the dissemination of guideline information that is potentially contributing to such consumption. This qualitative study aimed to ...
Bardenheier Barbara H BH Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trends in state-level prevalence of pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus (PDM; i.e., type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy) among delivery hospitalizations are needed to inform healthcare delivery planning and prevention programs. To examine PDM trends overall, by age group, race/ethnicity, primary payer, and with comorbidities such as pre-eclampsia and ...
Secura Gina M GM From the Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. - - 2014
The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States is higher than in other developed nations. Teenage births result in substantial costs, including public assistance, health care costs, and income losses due to lower educational attainment and reduced earning potential. The Contraceptive CHOICE Project was a large prospective cohort study ...
Heitmann Ryan J RJ Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 10 CRC, Room 1E-3140, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Unintended pregnancy is reportedly higher in active duty women; therefore, we sought to estimate the potential impact of the levonorgestrel-containing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) could have on unintended pregnancy in active duty women. A decision tree model with sensitivity analysis was used to estimate the number of unintentional pregnancies in active ...
Kelly Len L Professor in the Division of Clinical Sciences at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine and a rural physician and clinical researcher in Sioux Lookout, Ont. - - 2014
To document the incidence and outcomes of narcotic use during pregnancy in northwestern Ontario. Three-year prospective cohort study. Sioux Lookout and surrounding communities in northwestern Ontario. A total of 1206 consecutive births in a catchment area of 28 000 First Nations patients. Incidence of narcotic use, and maternal and neonatal ...
Wu Ling L 1 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, HeiLongjiang Bayi Agricultural University , Daqing, P.R. China - - 2014
Progesterone (P4) is a steroid gonadal hormone that is mainly produced from the corpus luteum and placenta and has various biological functions, especially reproductive regulation. It is important to establish a specific and sensitive P4 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the study of ovary activity and reproductive disorders. Therefore, we ...
Chung Sung-Hoon SH 0000-0002-0352-9722 Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although Cesarean section (CS) itself has contributed to the reduction in maternal and perinatal mortality, an undue rise in the CS rate (CSR) has been issued in Korea as well as globally. The CSR in Korea increased over the past two decades, but has remained at approximately 36% since 2006. ...
Beigi Richard H RH Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 300 Halket St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy predisposes women to disproportionate morbidity and mortality from influenza infections. This is true for both seasonal epidemics as well as occasional pandemics. Inactivated yearly influenza vaccines are the best available method of disease prevention and are recommended for all pregnant women in any trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. Oseltamivir ...
Bayoglu Tekin Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, School of Medicine , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the optimal time interval for in-vitro fertilisation that would increase treatment success after failure of the first attempt. This retrospective study evaluated 454 consecutive cycles of 227 infertile women who had two consecutive attempts within a 6-month period at an IVF centre. ...
Sober Stephanie S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
As birth spacing has demonstrated health benefits for a woman and her children, contraception after childbirth is recognized as an important health issue. The potential risk of pregnancy soon after delivery underscores the importance of initiating postpartum contraception in a timely manner. The contraceptive method initiated in the postpartum period ...
Dean Sohni V - - 2014
Preconception care recognizes that many adolescent girls and young women will be thrust into motherhood without the knowledge, skills or support they need. Sixty million adolescents give birth each year worldwide, even though pregnancy in adolescence has mortality rates at least twice as high as pregnancy in women aged 20-29 ...
Eckhardt Oho O Laboratory of Swine Research, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of three parities of gilts treated or not treated with gonadotropin to induce puberty. Sixty gilts received 600 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) followed by 2.5 mg of porcine luteinizing hormone (LH) 72 h later. Fifty-nine other gilts were exposed only ...
Nyborg Kathinka Marie KM Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Unit, Fertility Clinic 4071, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, København, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess outcome in terms of live-birth rate after fresh or frozen IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles where immunomodulation was given to patients with recurrent pregnancy loss after prior ART treatments. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care university hospital. Fifty-two patients with a history of at least three ...
Nathan Hannah L HL Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of the Microlife 3AS1-2 blood pressure device in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia in a low-resource setting. Prospective validation according to the British Hypertension Society protocol. A total of 45 pregnant women were recruited from Kimberley Hospital (South Africa), of whom 15 had pre-eclampsia. The Microlife 3AS1-2 device ...
Gaillard Romy R The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Obesity is a major public health concern. In western countries, the prevalence of obesity in pregnant women has strongly increased, with reported prevalence rates reaching 30%. Also, approximately 40% of women gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. Recent observational studies and meta-analyses strongly suggest long-term impact of maternal ...
McCall Stephen J SJ Epidemiology Group, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Teenage pregnancy is a known social problem which has been previously described using a number of deprivation measures. This study aimed to explore the temporal patterns of teenage pregnancy in Aberdeen, Scotland and to assess the discriminating ability of three measures of socioeconomic status. This was a population-based study from ...
Stafford-Bell Martyn A MA Canberra Fertility Centre, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
To describe the outcomes of surrogacy among Australian intended parents who engage in compensated surrogacy overseas. Members of two Australian parenting support forums who were considering surrogacy or were currently or previously in a surrogacy arrangement were invited to complete an anonymous online survey during July 2013. Destination countries; source ...
Mosha Dominic - - 2014
There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these settings. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate feasibility of using Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) as a ...
Esterhuizen A D AD Medfem Clinic, Cramerview, Gauteng, South - - 2014
Selecting the best spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic spermatozoa injection (ICSI) has recently been a topic of great interest among embryologists. The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the spermatozoa-hyaluronan-binding assay (HBA), routine semen analysis results and fertilisation rates as recorded during conventional ICSI therapy. Ninety-one patients undergoing conventional ICSI treatment ...
Oud Lavi L Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX, USA, - - 2014
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of infection related to its associated mechanical and physiological changes. Sepsis remains among the top causes of maternal death worldwide and is associated with substantial maternal morbidity. However, there are sparse data on pregnancy-associated severe sepsis (PASS), related in part to infrequent reports, ...
Wu Xuefang - - 2014
Approximately 25% to 27% of women sustain a fall during pregnancy, and falls are associated with serious injuries and can affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of the current study was to identify intrinsic factors associated with pregnancy that may contribute to women's increased risk of falls. A literature search (Medline ...
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