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Oud Lavi L Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX, USA, - - 2014
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of infection related to its associated mechanical and physiological changes. Sepsis remains among the top causes of maternal death worldwide and is associated with substantial maternal morbidity. However, there are sparse data on pregnancy-associated severe sepsis (PASS), related in part to infrequent reports, ...
Wu Xuefang - - 2014
Approximately 25% to 27% of women sustain a fall during pregnancy, and falls are associated with serious injuries and can affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of the current study was to identify intrinsic factors associated with pregnancy that may contribute to women's increased risk of falls. A literature search (Medline ...
Lucas Catherine J CJ School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
To assess nutrition-related knowledge and practices, including supplement use, of both pregnant women and healthcare providers that participate in antenatal shared care (ANSC). Pregnant women enrolled in ANSC (n = 142) completed a knowledge and practices survey and a validated iodine-specific Food Frequency Questionnaire. General practitioners (GP) and nurses (N = 61) participating in ...
Hernández-Julián Rey R Department of Economics, Metropolitan State University of Denver, CB 77, P.O. Box 173352, Denver, CO, 80217, - - 2014
This article uses the Bangladesh famine of 1974 as a natural experiment to estimate the impact of intrauterine malnutrition on sex of the child and infant mortality. In addition, we estimate the impact of malnutrition on post-famine pregnancy outcomes. Using the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS), we find ...
Carneiro Luisa Cunha LC Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary, UNESP, 1270, Machado de Assis St, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38400112, Brazil, - - 2014
In dairy cattle, uterine infections are not life threatening and often unavoidable; however, they reduce fertility and increase the production costs of properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of subclinical endometritis from 32 to 70 days in milk (DIM) and its effects on the reproductive performance ...
De Ver Dye Timothy T a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify trends and change in micronutrient supplementation (MNS) knowledge across pregnancy and post-partum and to assess the impact of MNS knowledge (MNS-k) on practice in pregnancy in rural Tibet, an area with endemic micronutrient deficiency. A prospective cohort with repeated measures at early, ...
Giguère Y Y Department of Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Centre, Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Quebec City, QC, - - 2014
To investigate the performance of a multivariable model combining a priori clinical characteristics and biomarkers to detect, early in pregnancy, women at higher risk of developing pre-eclampsia (PE). Nested case-control study. University medical centre, Quebec, Canada (CHU de Québec). A total of 7929 pregnant women recruited between 10 and 18 weeks ...
Abdul-Khabir Wajidah W a MS-IV, UCLA-School of Medicine , Los Angeles , - - 2014
Abstract Among women, methamphetamine (meth) use has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV); however, few studies have looked at the context of IPV. This qualitative pilot study explored the experiences of meth-using women in Los Angeles County regarding: (1) IPV in their most recent primary relationship; (2) use of ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Primary Care, and doctoral student, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Licensing arrangements for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the UK were broadened in 2005 to allow prescribing to pregnant smokers. However, estimates of NRT prescribing in pregnant females in the UK are currently lacking. To assess trends in NRT prescribing around pregnancy, and variation in prescribing by maternal characteristics. Population-based ...
Sedgh Gilda G Senior Research Associate, Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane, New York, NY 10038.. - - 2014
Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. We draw upon multiple sources of data to estimate pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels in 2012 and to assess recent trends ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2014
To characterize pregnancy and lactation-related medication inquiries to a drug information center to identify classes of medications of most concern to providers. A secondary objective was to identify any trends in provider inquiries over the study period. A retrospective descriptive study of pregnancy and lactation-related inquiries to the University of North Carolina ...
Zhang Hui Jue HJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous estimates of the incidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia and maternal death associated with VZV infection among the pregnant population have varied considerably and been based predominantly on reports from case series. We sought to measure the incidence of VZV-related morbidity and mortality to provide more representative population ...
Van Parys An-Sofie - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy is associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes. Describing the extent and the evolution of IPV is a crucial step in developing interventions to reduce the health impact of IPV.The objectives are to study the prevalence of psychological abuse, as ...
Ribeiro E S ES Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in plasma of dairy cows and to investigate the relationships between plasma AMH and fertility responses during a 100-d breeding season. Lactating cows, 1,237 in 2 seasonally calving herds, had estrous cycles presynchronized and ...
Cozza Vanessa V Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia; Foggia, Italy; European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET); European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC); Stockholm, - - 2014
The Italian National Plan of Measles and Rubella Elimination 2010-2015 has deferred the objective to reduce congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) to<1 case per 100 000 live births to 2015 and has highlighted the need to reduce to<5% susceptibility to rubella among women in childbearing-age. In Puglia region, MMR vaccine coverage is ...
Nascimento Eudes Esteves do EE Protozoology Laboratory, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Universidade de Londrina-UEL, Postal Box 6001, 86050-970 Londrina, PR, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate anti-Neospora caninum antibodies and the vertical transmission rate in naturally infected pregnant zebu beef cows (Bos indicus) reared on pasture. The present study began with 200 cows from four farms (50 cows from each farm), and these animals were submitted to ...
Martínez Francisca F Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, Hospital Universitario Quirón Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the clinical pregnancy rate per transfer in recipients of embryos from donor oocytes obtained after ovarian stimulation initiated on day 2 (D2) or day 15 (D15) of the menstrual cycle with a secondary end point of comparing the response to stimulation. Prospective observational comparative study. Private in vitro fertilization ...
El-Messidi Amira - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of our study was to estimate the incidence and maternal and fetal outcomes of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in pregnancy. Methods: We carried out a population-based cohort study on all births identified in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2011. We calculated ...
Mpairwe Harriet H MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, - - 2014
Worms may protect against allergy. Early-life worm exposure may be critical, but this has not been fully investigated. To investigate whether worms in pregnancy and in early childhood are associated with childhood eczema incidence. The Entebbe Mother and Baby Study, an anthelminthic treatment trial, enrolled pregnant women between 2003 and ...
Petitet Pascale Hancart PH a Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, International Research Unit UMI 233 TransVIHMI Translational Research applied to HIV and infectious diseases , 911, avenue Agropolis, Montpellier , BP 64501 F-3439 - - 2014
The inclusion of women in clinical trials has raised a variety of ethical and practical issues in their implementation. In the recent CAMELIA clinical trial in Cambodia, the inclusion criteria included a negative pregnancy test and signature of the consent form confirming commitment to double contraceptive use as patients were ...
Sivasankar Raman R RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The white cell count (WCC) can be raised in pregnancy, but there is no published data-set to support a normal range. This study aimed to develop one. Methods: The WCC of 500 consecutive labouring women at term receiving regional anaesthesia and 500 consecutive women delivered at term by ...
Loustau Valentine V APHP, Henri Mondor Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, French National Referral Centre for Adult's Immune Cytopeniasl, Creteil, France; UPEC, Medicine Faculty, Creteil, - - 2014
In women with pre-existing immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), the effect of pregnancy on the course of the disease is poorly known. We performed a dual-centre retrospective cohort study of 118 pregnancies in 82 women with primary ITP. In early pregnancy, the platelet count was <100 × 10(9) /l in 35·6% of pregnancies. ...
Hancock Adrienne B AB Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Known influences of sex hormones on the voice would suggest pregnancy hormones could have an effect, yet studies using acoustic measures have not indicated changes. Additionally, no examination of the voice before the third trimester has been reported. Effect of pregnancy on the voice is relatively unexplored yet could be ...
Manegold-Brauer Gwendolin G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
The most important factor for the selection of an umbilical cord blood unit (CBU) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the total nucleated cell (TNC) count as a surrogate marker for stem cell content in the CBU. At present, about one in five donors can provide a CBU with a ...
Bosman Judith J Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Isala Clinics, Dr. van Heesweg 2, Zwolle, The - - 2014
Data about adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy are lacking. However, it is important to gain insight into adherence in this population to reduce perinatal risks for relapse of depression. The objective of this study was to search for an inexpensive and easy method to implement daily for assessing medication adherence ...
Stevens Madelyn N MN Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Hearing loss is known to occur in some pregnant women, but improvement in sensorineural thresholds has not been audiometrically characterized. Here, we describe a patient with a history of Ménière's disease and vestibular migraine who experienced temporary recovery of her hearing during pregnancy. Audiograms were obtained from a 31-year-old female ...
Garolla Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, Section of Clinical Pathology and Unit for Human Reproduction Pathology, University of Padova, - - 2014
This study evaluated the predictive power of spermatid count and cytology for assisted reproduction outcome after FSH therapy. A total of 174 men with severe oligozoospermia and normal plasma FSH concentration underwent semen analysis including spermatid count, TUNEL test, FISH analysis for sperm aneuploidies and testicular fine-needle aspiration cytology. Ninety-two ...
Akinbami A A AA Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, - - 2014
Immunity in pregnancy is physiologically compromised and this may affect cluster of differentiation four (CD4) count levels. It is well established that several factors affect CD4 count level in pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effects of maternal age, gestational age, parity and level of education as they influence ...
Giugliano Emilio E Department of Morphology, Surgery, and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
To test the velocimetric pattern of the ovarian artery as a routine ovarian reserve test. We enrolled 317 consecutive patients from January 2011 to June 2012. At the second day of the menstrual cycle, a transvaginal ultrasound was performed to evaluate the antral follicle count and ovarian volume, and Doppler ...
Heffron Renee R *Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; †Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; ‡Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; §Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; ‖Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; ¶Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; #Department of Reproductive Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya; and **Departments of †Epidemiology and ††Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
In HIV-1-infected women, CD4 count declines occur during pregnancy, which has been attributed to hemodilution. However, for women who have not initiated antiretroviral therapy, it is unclear if CD4 declines are sustained beyond pregnancy and accompanied by increased viral levels, which could indicate an effect of pregnancy on accelerating HIV-1 ...
Kleppe M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bronovo Hospital, Den Haag, The - - 2014
In a descriptive retrospective cohort study, we determined the cumulative pregnancy rate for couples undergoing intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with at least one total motile sperm count (TMC) <1 million compared to couples with a TMC consistently >1 million. Eight hundred and ninety-five cycles in 273 couples were studied from 2006 to 2009. ...
Patabendige Malitha M University Obstetrics Unit, De Soysa Hospital for Women, Colombo, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
The HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count) occurs in about 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies. With occurrence of thrombocytopaenia, it signals for several potentially lethal conditions such as complete or partial HELLP syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. A previously healthy 27-year-old, ...
Mitima Kashosi T KT Université Evangélique en Afrique, Bukavu, DR Congo. - - 2014
Maternal vaginal colonization by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) has an important impact on neonatal health but has not been studied in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to determine its frequency and influencing factors. Vaginal samples (n = 509) for bacteriological analysis were collected from women ...
Xiao Jin-Song JS Reproductive Medicine Center, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of medicine, Shiyan City, Hubei Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of GnRH antagonist and GnRH agonist in supposed normal ovarian responders undergoing IVF. Data from 6 databases were retrieved for this study. The RCTs of GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist use during IVF-EF therapy for patients with supposed normal ovarian response were included. A ...
Bazzano M M Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2013
Hemostasis is a physiological process that prevents excessive blood loss and represents a protective mechanism at the time of delivery. Peripartum hemorrhage is a recurring hazardous condition to mare's health; therefore, we aimed to study mares' hemostatic profile to investigate whether physiological adjustments occur during late pregnancy and early postpartum. ...
Bolten K K Klinik für Geburtsmedizin CCM, Charité, - - 2013
We report on a 28-year old primigravida who presented in the second trimester with sudden onset of bleeding tendencies and thrombocytopenia of 2/nL during the first manifestation of autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and steroids was initiated but could not prevent renewed bleeding incidents and recurrent thrombocytopenia ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2013
Fetal movement (FM) counting is a simple and widely used method of assessing fetal well-being. However, little is known about what women perceive as decreased fetal movement (DFM) and how maternally perceived DFM is reflected in FM charts. We analyzed FM counting data from 148 DFM events occurring in 137 ...
Lee Grace Y - - 2013
Fetal and newborn responding to audio-recordings of their father's versus mother's reading a story were examined. At home, fathers read a different story to the fetus each day for 7 days. Subsequently, in the laboratory, continuous fetal heart rate was recorded during a 9 min protocol, including three, 3 min periods: baseline ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Although it is not established whether fetal movement counting (FMC) reduces fetal death (1), a Norwegian study (2) found that after introduction of FMC the stillbirth rate fell by 30% in their study population of 46 000 singleton pregnancies and fell by 50% among the 3500 women from that group ...
Sainio S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical usefulness of maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody levels in predicting severe foetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT). BACKGROUND: Recent studies using an international anti-HPA-1a standard have shown a correlation between maternal antibody levels and neonatal thrombocytopenia. Cut-off values for identifying high-risk pregnancies have also been suggested. MATERIALS: In 1986-2010, ...
Khani Behnaz - - 2013
High level of semen reactive oxygen species is considered as an important factor in male infertility. Sesame has antioxidant properties, which could be effective on improvement of semen parameters. This study was designed to determine the effects of sesame on sperm quality. Twenty-five infertile men entered this clinical trial. They ...
McCaulley Jill A - - 2013
: Intravenous contrast-induced thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in pregnancy. : A 22-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, at 33 2/7 weeks of gestation presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and tachycardia. A computed tomography angiogram was pursued to evaluate for pulmonary embolus. During contrast infusion ...
Mikhaylova V A - - 2013
Monocyte migration from the peripheral blood to the uterine decidual tissue is essential for the regulation of placental development. We evaluated the phenotypical changes in the peripheral blood monocytes in pregnant women. The peripheral blood counts of monocytes expressing CD11b, CD47, and integrin β7 were elevated in women with normal ...
Jayashree R - - 2013
Yoga improves maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy. Platelet Count and Uric acid (Ua) are valuable screening measures in high-risk pregnancy. To examine the effect of yoga on platelet counts and serum Ua in high-risk pregnancy. This stratified randomized controlled trial, conducted by S-VYASA University at St. John's Medical College ...
Inocêncio Gonçalo - - 2013
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a very rare disease, especially during pregnancy. It is characterised by low platelet count and predominantly muco-cutaneous bleeding. There are many forms to monitor and treat these patients. Here, we present a case of a pregnant woman, with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, who was submitted to treatment ...
Ok Elvan Koyun EK Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, İzmir, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of post-wash total progressive motile sperm count (TPMSC) and semen volume on pregnancy outcomes in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. The retrospective study included a total of 156 cycles (141 couples) and was performed in our center over a 24-month period. ...
Tzur Tamar T Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. - - 2013
To examine whether an association exists between platelet (PLT) count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for hypertensive disorders or other obstetric complications. The study population included all registered births with available PLT count from the first trimester of pregnancy during 2000-2010. Thrombocytopenia was defined as PLT ...
Kianbakht Saeed - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of major and minor depression during pregnancy on the maternal and neonatal immunities. Methods: Peripheral venous blood from depressed women and cord venous blood from their neonates taken simultaneously and immediately after parturition were used. The serum levels of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA ...
Dwivedi P - - 2012
<strong> </strong> STo study the feto-maternal outcome in pregnancy with severe thrombocytopenia. <strong> </strong> It was an observational study involving 1150 pregnant women with term gestation in labour, who were screened for thrombocytopenia. Ninety-four subjects (8.17%) were found to have thrombocytopenia i.e. platelet count < 1,50,/000/mm3, out of which 47 ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether an association exists between maternal leukocyte count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for development of obstetric complications. METHODS: The study population included all the registered births (n = 33,866) with available white blood cell count (WBC) from the first trimester of pregnancy, during 2000-2010 ...
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