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dʼArminio Monforte Antonella A *Department of Health Sciences, Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; †Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy; ‡Infectious Diseases, Bagno a Ripoli Hospital, Florence, Italy; §Department of Health and Infectious Diseases, University La Sapienza, Polo Pontino, Rome, Italy; ‖Infectious Diseases, INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Rome, Italy; ¶Infectious Diseases, Galliera Hospital, Genova, Italy; #Infectious Diseases, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; **Clinical Immunology, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy; ††Infectious Diseases, University Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; ‡‡Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Spedali Civili, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; and §§INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Epidemiology, Rome, - - 2014
We analyzed antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens and pregnancy outcomes in naive and ART-experienced HIV-positive women from Italian Cohort Naive Antiretrovirals cohort and investigated frequency and predictors of detectable viral load (VL) at delivery. All pregnancies resulting in live births were included. Based on ART at the beginning of pregnancy, pregnancies ...
de Bari Ornella O Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Epidemiological and clinical studies have found that gallstone prevalence is twice as high in women as in men at all ages in every population studied. Hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy put women at higher risk. The incidence rates of biliary sludge (a precursor to gallstones) and gallstones are up to ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2014
We aimed to assess the potential usefulness of primary care data in the UK for estimating smoking prevalence in pregnancy by comparing the primary care data estimates with those obtained from other data sources. In The Health Improvement Network (THIN) primary care database, we identified pregnant smokers using smoking information ...
Gon Giorgia G Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
To estimate the effect of unimproved household water and toilet facilities on pregnancy-related mortality in Afghanistan. The data source was a population-based cross-sectional study, the Afghan Mortality Survey 2010. Descriptive, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out, comparing 69 pregnancy-related deaths (cases) and 15386 surviving women (non-cases) who ...
Shobeiri Fatemeh - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy remains a major gynaecologyical problem in contemporary gynaecological practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and some risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. This was a retrospective descriptive study carried out at hospitals in Hamadan provience, Iran. A total of ...
Zomerdijk Im I Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board, Utrecht, the - - 2014
To study the dispensing of potentially teratogenic drugs in the 12-month period before as well as during pregnancy in the Netherlands. Population-based study. A cohort was constructed using a linkage between the PHARMO Database Network and the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN). A total of 203 962 Dutch pregnancies reported between 1999 ...
Kågesten Anna A Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA - - 2014
What are the characteristics and circumstances of pregnancies men report as unintended in France? Pregnancies reported as unintended were most prevalent among young men with insecure financial situations, less stable relationships and inconsistent use of contraception or false assumptions about their partner's use of contraception. Efforts to involve men in ...
Li Z Z School of Women's and Children's Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2031, Australia Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, - - 2014
What are the clinical efficacy and perinatal outcomes following transfer of vitrified blastocysts compared with transfer of fresh or of slow frozen blastocysts? Compared with slow frozen blastocysts, vitrified blastocysts resulted in significantly higher clinical pregnancy and live delivery rates with similar perinatal outcomes at population level. Although vitrification has ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R TR 1] 1.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Pediatrics, Linköping University, Sweden [2] 2.Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
A limited microbial exposure is suggested to underlie the increase of allergic diseases in affluent countries, and bacterial diversity seems to be more important than specific bacteria taxa. Prospective studies indicate that the gut microbiota composition during the first months of life influences allergy development, and support the theory that ...
Ehrhardt Stephan S Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of - - 2014
Lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are both active against hepatitis B virus (HBV). Due to its potency, high genetic barrier to resistance, and safety during pregnancy, TDF may be useful to prevent HBV transmission from mother-to-child, which is the leading cause of transmission globally. Despite the safety record of ...
Edwards Laura L Department of Health, Top End Remote Health, Darwin, Northern Territory, - - 2014
In the Northern Territory (NT), 38% of 3500 births each year are to Indigenous women, 80% of whom live in regional and remote areas. Compared with the general Australian population, rates of pre-existing type 2 diabetes in pregnancy are 10-fold higher and rates of gestational diabetes are 1.5-fold higher among ...
Gilboa Suzanne M SM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities , Mail Stop E-86, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333 , USA , +1 404 498 4425 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Approximately 10 - 15% of women reportedly take an antihistamine during pregnancy for the relief of nausea and vomiting, allergy and asthma symptoms, or indigestion. Antihistamines include histamine H1-receptor and H2-receptor antagonists. Areas covered: This is a systematic evaluation of the peer-reviewed epidemiologic literature published through February 2014 on ...
Axelsdottir Thury O TO Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland, Solvangur Health Centre , Hafnarfjordur , - - 2014
Objective. To analyse drug use in early pregnancy with special focus on socio-demographic factors associated with psychotropic and analgesic drug use. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting and subjects. A total of 1765 women were invited via their local health care centres, and 1111 participated at 11-16 weeks of pregnancy by filling ...
Anderson Amy E - - 2014
A number of alcohol guidelines worldwide suggest that pregnant women should abstain from alcohol. However, high prevalence rates of alcohol consumption during pregnancy still exist. It is unknown whether there are problems with the dissemination of guideline information that is potentially contributing to such consumption. This qualitative study aimed to ...
Bardenheier Barbara H BH Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trends in state-level prevalence of pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus (PDM; i.e., type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy) among delivery hospitalizations are needed to inform healthcare delivery planning and prevention programs. To examine PDM trends overall, by age group, race/ethnicity, primary payer, and with comorbidities such as pre-eclampsia and ...
Secura Gina M GM From the Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. - - 2014
The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States is higher than in other developed nations. Teenage births result in substantial costs, including public assistance, health care costs, and income losses due to lower educational attainment and reduced earning potential. The Contraceptive CHOICE Project was a large prospective cohort study ...
Heitmann Ryan J RJ Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 10 CRC, Room 1E-3140, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Unintended pregnancy is reportedly higher in active duty women; therefore, we sought to estimate the potential impact of the levonorgestrel-containing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) could have on unintended pregnancy in active duty women. A decision tree model with sensitivity analysis was used to estimate the number of unintentional pregnancies in active ...
Kelly Len L Professor in the Division of Clinical Sciences at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine and a rural physician and clinical researcher in Sioux Lookout, Ont. - - 2014
To document the incidence and outcomes of narcotic use during pregnancy in northwestern Ontario. Three-year prospective cohort study. Sioux Lookout and surrounding communities in northwestern Ontario. A total of 1206 consecutive births in a catchment area of 28 000 First Nations patients. Incidence of narcotic use, and maternal and neonatal ...
Beigi Richard H RH Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 300 Halket St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy predisposes women to disproportionate morbidity and mortality from influenza infections. This is true for both seasonal epidemics as well as occasional pandemics. Inactivated yearly influenza vaccines are the best available method of disease prevention and are recommended for all pregnant women in any trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. Oseltamivir ...
Bayoglu Tekin Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, School of Medicine , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the optimal time interval for in-vitro fertilisation that would increase treatment success after failure of the first attempt. This retrospective study evaluated 454 consecutive cycles of 227 infertile women who had two consecutive attempts within a 6-month period at an IVF centre. ...
Sober Stephanie S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
As birth spacing has demonstrated health benefits for a woman and her children, contraception after childbirth is recognized as an important health issue. The potential risk of pregnancy soon after delivery underscores the importance of initiating postpartum contraception in a timely manner. The contraceptive method initiated in the postpartum period ...
Eckhardt Oho O Laboratory of Swine Research, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of three parities of gilts treated or not treated with gonadotropin to induce puberty. Sixty gilts received 600 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) followed by 2.5 mg of porcine luteinizing hormone (LH) 72 h later. Fifty-nine other gilts were exposed only ...
- - 2014
Children born to mothers who drink four units of alcohol in a day even once during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing mental health problems and are less likely to do well at school, say UK researchers.
Nyborg Kathinka Marie KM Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Unit, Fertility Clinic 4071, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, København, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess outcome in terms of live-birth rate after fresh or frozen IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles where immunomodulation was given to patients with recurrent pregnancy loss after prior ART treatments. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care university hospital. Fifty-two patients with a history of at least three ...
Nathan Hannah L HL Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of the Microlife 3AS1-2 blood pressure device in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia in a low-resource setting. Prospective validation according to the British Hypertension Society protocol. A total of 45 pregnant women were recruited from Kimberley Hospital (South Africa), of whom 15 had pre-eclampsia. The Microlife 3AS1-2 device ...
Gaillard Romy R The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Obesity is a major public health concern. In western countries, the prevalence of obesity in pregnant women has strongly increased, with reported prevalence rates reaching 30%. Also, approximately 40% of women gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. Recent observational studies and meta-analyses strongly suggest long-term impact of maternal ...
McCall Stephen J SJ Epidemiology Group, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Teenage pregnancy is a known social problem which has been previously described using a number of deprivation measures. This study aimed to explore the temporal patterns of teenage pregnancy in Aberdeen, Scotland and to assess the discriminating ability of three measures of socioeconomic status. This was a population-based study from ...
Stafford-Bell Martyn A MA Canberra Fertility Centre, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
To describe the outcomes of surrogacy among Australian intended parents who engage in compensated surrogacy overseas. Members of two Australian parenting support forums who were considering surrogacy or were currently or previously in a surrogacy arrangement were invited to complete an anonymous online survey during July 2013. Destination countries; source ...
Mosha Dominic - - 2014
There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these settings. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate feasibility of using Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) as a ...
Esterhuizen A D AD Medfem Clinic, Cramerview, Gauteng, South - - 2014
Selecting the best spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic spermatozoa injection (ICSI) has recently been a topic of great interest among embryologists. The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the spermatozoa-hyaluronan-binding assay (HBA), routine semen analysis results and fertilisation rates as recorded during conventional ICSI therapy. Ninety-one patients undergoing conventional ICSI treatment ...
Oud Lavi L Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX, USA, - - 2014
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of infection related to its associated mechanical and physiological changes. Sepsis remains among the top causes of maternal death worldwide and is associated with substantial maternal morbidity. However, there are sparse data on pregnancy-associated severe sepsis (PASS), related in part to infrequent reports, ...
Wu Xuefang - - 2014
Approximately 25% to 27% of women sustain a fall during pregnancy, and falls are associated with serious injuries and can affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of the current study was to identify intrinsic factors associated with pregnancy that may contribute to women's increased risk of falls. A literature search (Medline ...
Lucas Catherine J CJ School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
To assess nutrition-related knowledge and practices, including supplement use, of both pregnant women and healthcare providers that participate in antenatal shared care (ANSC). Pregnant women enrolled in ANSC (n = 142) completed a knowledge and practices survey and a validated iodine-specific Food Frequency Questionnaire. General practitioners (GP) and nurses (N = 61) participating in ...
Hernández-Julián Rey R Department of Economics, Metropolitan State University of Denver, CB 77, P.O. Box 173352, Denver, CO, 80217, - - 2014
This article uses the Bangladesh famine of 1974 as a natural experiment to estimate the impact of intrauterine malnutrition on sex of the child and infant mortality. In addition, we estimate the impact of malnutrition on post-famine pregnancy outcomes. Using the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS), we find ...
Carneiro Luisa Cunha LC Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary, UNESP, 1270, Machado de Assis St, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38400112, Brazil, - - 2014
In dairy cattle, uterine infections are not life threatening and often unavoidable; however, they reduce fertility and increase the production costs of properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of subclinical endometritis from 32 to 70 days in milk (DIM) and its effects on the reproductive performance ...
Pięta Beata B Division Mother's and Child's Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Introduction. Pregnancy, parturition and childcare, which are important moments in a woman's life, are connected with many emotional states of a future mother, a pregnant woman and a lying-in woman. The perinatal period is the time when the risk of psychological disorders in a pregnant woman may increase by even ...
De Ver Dye Timothy T a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify trends and change in micronutrient supplementation (MNS) knowledge across pregnancy and post-partum and to assess the impact of MNS knowledge (MNS-k) on practice in pregnancy in rural Tibet, an area with endemic micronutrient deficiency. A prospective cohort with repeated measures at early, ...
Giguère Y Y Department of Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Centre, Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Quebec City, QC, - - 2014
To investigate the performance of a multivariable model combining a priori clinical characteristics and biomarkers to detect, early in pregnancy, women at higher risk of developing pre-eclampsia (PE). Nested case-control study. University medical centre, Quebec, Canada (CHU de Québec). A total of 7929 pregnant women recruited between 10 and 18 weeks ...
Abdul-Khabir Wajidah W a MS-IV, UCLA-School of Medicine , Los Angeles , - - 2014
Abstract Among women, methamphetamine (meth) use has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV); however, few studies have looked at the context of IPV. This qualitative pilot study explored the experiences of meth-using women in Los Angeles County regarding: (1) IPV in their most recent primary relationship; (2) use of ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Primary Care, and doctoral student, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Licensing arrangements for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the UK were broadened in 2005 to allow prescribing to pregnant smokers. However, estimates of NRT prescribing in pregnant females in the UK are currently lacking. To assess trends in NRT prescribing around pregnancy, and variation in prescribing by maternal characteristics. Population-based ...
Sedgh Gilda G Senior Research Associate, Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane, New York, NY 10038.. - - 2014
Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. We draw upon multiple sources of data to estimate pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels in 2012 and to assess recent trends ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2014
To characterize pregnancy and lactation-related medication inquiries to a drug information center to identify classes of medications of most concern to providers. A secondary objective was to identify any trends in provider inquiries over the study period. A retrospective descriptive study of pregnancy and lactation-related inquiries to the University of North Carolina ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
There is limited longitudinal data from high-income countries on the sequelae of anaemia during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine whether anaemia of pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and with children's developmental vulnerability. We conducted a population-based study to link routinely collected government administrative data ...
Knight M M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The UK has a well-established programme of Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths and a national system for research into near-miss maternal morbidities, the UK Obstetric Surveillance System. The addition of a programme of near-miss case reviews, the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Morbidity, permits a complete examination of the incidence, risk ...
Roberson Emily K EK Hawai'i State Department of Health, Honolulu, HI - - 2014
Recreational use of marijuana is relatively common in the United States, and medicinal use is gaining popular and legal support. Marijuana has been proposed as a potential treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum. Research into this topic is complicated by associations between marijuana use and poor birth outcomes. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, which ...
Wu Dennis D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital and Medical College, Taoyuan, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of assisted reproductive techniques on the incidence of monozygotic twins (MZT) and the associated pregnancy outcomes. This was a retrospective study of all in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with MZT pregnancies in our center from January 2001 to December 2011. The diagnosis of MZT ...
Zhang Hui Jue HJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous estimates of the incidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia and maternal death associated with VZV infection among the pregnant population have varied considerably and been based predominantly on reports from case series. We sought to measure the incidence of VZV-related morbidity and mortality to provide more representative population ...
Van Parys An-Sofie - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy is associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes. Describing the extent and the evolution of IPV is a crucial step in developing interventions to reduce the health impact of IPV.The objectives are to study the prevalence of psychological abuse, as ...
Datta Adrija Kumar AK Midland Fertility Services, 3rd Floor, Centre House, Court Parade, Aldridge WS9 8LT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
All IVF-ICSI cycles carried out between October 2009 and October 2012 using GnRH agonist (GnRHa) ovulation trigger (n = 62) followed by a single dose of HCG plus progesterone and oestradiol in the luteal phase because of anticipated ovarian hypertsimulation were retrospectively compared with historic control cycles using HCG trigger ...
Ribeiro E S ES Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in plasma of dairy cows and to investigate the relationships between plasma AMH and fertility responses during a 100-d breeding season. Lactating cows, 1,237 in 2 seasonally calving herds, had estrous cycles presynchronized and ...
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