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Sivasankar Raman R RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The white cell count (WCC) can be raised in pregnancy, but there is no published data-set to support a normal range. This study aimed to develop one. Methods: The WCC of 500 consecutive labouring women at term receiving regional anaesthesia and 500 consecutive women delivered at term by ...
Loustau Valentine V APHP, Henri Mondor Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, French National Referral Centre for Adult's Immune Cytopeniasl, Creteil, France; UPEC, Medicine Faculty, Creteil, - - 2014
In women with pre-existing immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), the effect of pregnancy on the course of the disease is poorly known. We performed a dual-centre retrospective cohort study of 118 pregnancies in 82 women with primary ITP. In early pregnancy, the platelet count was <100 × 10(9) /l in 35·6% of pregnancies. ...
Hancock Adrienne B AB Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Known influences of sex hormones on the voice would suggest pregnancy hormones could have an effect, yet studies using acoustic measures have not indicated changes. Additionally, no examination of the voice before the third trimester has been reported. Effect of pregnancy on the voice is relatively unexplored yet could be ...
Manegold-Brauer Gwendolin G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
The most important factor for the selection of an umbilical cord blood unit (CBU) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the total nucleated cell (TNC) count as a surrogate marker for stem cell content in the CBU. At present, about one in five donors can provide a CBU with a ...
Bosman Judith J Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Isala Clinics, Dr. van Heesweg 2, Zwolle, The - - 2014
Data about adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy are lacking. However, it is important to gain insight into adherence in this population to reduce perinatal risks for relapse of depression. The objective of this study was to search for an inexpensive and easy method to implement daily for assessing medication adherence ...
Stevens Madelyn N MN Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Hearing loss is known to occur in some pregnant women, but improvement in sensorineural thresholds has not been audiometrically characterized. Here, we describe a patient with a history of Ménière's disease and vestibular migraine who experienced temporary recovery of her hearing during pregnancy. Audiograms were obtained from a 31-year-old female ...
Garolla Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, Section of Clinical Pathology and Unit for Human Reproduction Pathology, University of Padova, - - 2014
This study evaluated the predictive power of spermatid count and cytology for assisted reproduction outcome after FSH therapy. A total of 174 men with severe oligozoospermia and normal plasma FSH concentration underwent semen analysis including spermatid count, TUNEL test, FISH analysis for sperm aneuploidies and testicular fine-needle aspiration cytology. Ninety-two ...
Akinbami A A AA Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, - - 2014
Immunity in pregnancy is physiologically compromised and this may affect cluster of differentiation four (CD4) count levels. It is well established that several factors affect CD4 count level in pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effects of maternal age, gestational age, parity and level of education as they influence ...
Giugliano Emilio E Department of Morphology, Surgery, and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
To test the velocimetric pattern of the ovarian artery as a routine ovarian reserve test. We enrolled 317 consecutive patients from January 2011 to June 2012. At the second day of the menstrual cycle, a transvaginal ultrasound was performed to evaluate the antral follicle count and ovarian volume, and Doppler ...
Heffron Renee R *Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; †Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; ‡Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; §Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; ‖Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; ¶Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; #Department of Reproductive Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya; and **Departments of †Epidemiology and ††Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
In HIV-1-infected women, CD4 count declines occur during pregnancy, which has been attributed to hemodilution. However, for women who have not initiated antiretroviral therapy, it is unclear if CD4 declines are sustained beyond pregnancy and accompanied by increased viral levels, which could indicate an effect of pregnancy on accelerating HIV-1 ...
Kleppe M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bronovo Hospital, Den Haag, The - - 2014
In a descriptive retrospective cohort study, we determined the cumulative pregnancy rate for couples undergoing intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with at least one total motile sperm count (TMC) <1 million compared to couples with a TMC consistently >1 million. Eight hundred and ninety-five cycles in 273 couples were studied from 2006 to 2009. ...
Patabendige Malitha M University Obstetrics Unit, De Soysa Hospital for Women, Colombo, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
The HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count) occurs in about 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies. With occurrence of thrombocytopaenia, it signals for several potentially lethal conditions such as complete or partial HELLP syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. A previously healthy 27-year-old, ...
Bazzano M M Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2013
Hemostasis is a physiological process that prevents excessive blood loss and represents a protective mechanism at the time of delivery. Peripartum hemorrhage is a recurring hazardous condition to mare's health; therefore, we aimed to study mares' hemostatic profile to investigate whether physiological adjustments occur during late pregnancy and early postpartum. ...
Bolten K K Klinik für Geburtsmedizin CCM, Charité, - - 2013
We report on a 28-year old primigravida who presented in the second trimester with sudden onset of bleeding tendencies and thrombocytopenia of 2/nL during the first manifestation of autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and steroids was initiated but could not prevent renewed bleeding incidents and recurrent thrombocytopenia ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2013
Fetal movement (FM) counting is a simple and widely used method of assessing fetal well-being. However, little is known about what women perceive as decreased fetal movement (DFM) and how maternally perceived DFM is reflected in FM charts. We analyzed FM counting data from 148 DFM events occurring in 137 ...
Lee Grace Y - - 2013
Fetal and newborn responding to audio-recordings of their father's versus mother's reading a story were examined. At home, fathers read a different story to the fetus each day for 7 days. Subsequently, in the laboratory, continuous fetal heart rate was recorded during a 9 min protocol, including three, 3 min periods: baseline ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Although it is not established whether fetal movement counting (FMC) reduces fetal death (1), a Norwegian study (2) found that after introduction of FMC the stillbirth rate fell by 30% in their study population of 46 000 singleton pregnancies and fell by 50% among the 3500 women from that group ...
Sainio S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical usefulness of maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody levels in predicting severe foetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT). BACKGROUND: Recent studies using an international anti-HPA-1a standard have shown a correlation between maternal antibody levels and neonatal thrombocytopenia. Cut-off values for identifying high-risk pregnancies have also been suggested. MATERIALS: In 1986-2010, ...
Khani Behnaz - - 2013
High level of semen reactive oxygen species is considered as an important factor in male infertility. Sesame has antioxidant properties, which could be effective on improvement of semen parameters. This study was designed to determine the effects of sesame on sperm quality. Twenty-five infertile men entered this clinical trial. They ...
McCaulley Jill A - - 2013
: Intravenous contrast-induced thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in pregnancy. : A 22-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, at 33 2/7 weeks of gestation presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and tachycardia. A computed tomography angiogram was pursued to evaluate for pulmonary embolus. During contrast infusion ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2013
Objective. To examine whether an association exists between platelet (PLT) count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for hypertensive disorders or other obstetric complications. Methods. The study population included all registered births with available PLT count from the first trimester of pregnancy during 2000-2010. Thrombocytopenia was defined ...
Mikhaylova V A - - 2013
Monocyte migration from the peripheral blood to the uterine decidual tissue is essential for the regulation of placental development. We evaluated the phenotypical changes in the peripheral blood monocytes in pregnant women. The peripheral blood counts of monocytes expressing CD11b, CD47, and integrin β7 were elevated in women with normal ...
Jayashree R - - 2013
Yoga improves maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy. Platelet Count and Uric acid (Ua) are valuable screening measures in high-risk pregnancy. To examine the effect of yoga on platelet counts and serum Ua in high-risk pregnancy. This stratified randomized controlled trial, conducted by S-VYASA University at St. John's Medical College ...
Inocêncio Gonçalo - - 2013
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a very rare disease, especially during pregnancy. It is characterised by low platelet count and predominantly muco-cutaneous bleeding. There are many forms to monitor and treat these patients. Here, we present a case of a pregnant woman, with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, who was submitted to treatment ...
Ok Elvan Koyun EK Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, İzmir, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of post-wash total progressive motile sperm count (TPMSC) and semen volume on pregnancy outcomes in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. The retrospective study included a total of 156 cycles (141 couples) and was performed in our center over a 24-month period. ...
Kianbakht Saeed - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of major and minor depression during pregnancy on the maternal and neonatal immunities. Methods: Peripheral venous blood from depressed women and cord venous blood from their neonates taken simultaneously and immediately after parturition were used. The serum levels of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA ...
Dwivedi P - - 2012
<strong> </strong> STo study the feto-maternal outcome in pregnancy with severe thrombocytopenia. <strong> </strong> It was an observational study involving 1150 pregnant women with term gestation in labour, who were screened for thrombocytopenia. Ninety-four subjects (8.17%) were found to have thrombocytopenia i.e. platelet count < 1,50,/000/mm3, out of which 47 ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether an association exists between maternal leukocyte count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for development of obstetric complications. METHODS: The study population included all the registered births (n = 33,866) with available white blood cell count (WBC) from the first trimester of pregnancy, during 2000-2010 ...
Amant Frédéric - - 2012
Breast cancer staging and treatment are possible during pregnancy, and should be defined in a multidisciplinary setting. Tumour biology, tumour stage, and gestational stage at diagnosis determine the appropriate approach. Surgery for breast cancer is possible during all trimesters of pregnancy. Radiotherapy is possible during pregnancy but, dependent on the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Fetal movement counting has long been suggested as a screening tool to identify impaired placental function. However, quantitative limits for decreased fetal movement perform poorly for screening purposes, indicating the need for methodological refinement. We aimed to identify the main individual temporal patterns in fetal movement counting charts, and explore ...
Olubajo Awobajo Funmileyi - - 2012
The impact of aqueous leaf extract of Hybanthus enneaspermus (HEaq) on pregnancy factors and litter survival was investigated in Sprague Dawley (SD) rat. Control group received distilled water while the test group received 2g/kg body weight of HEaq orally. Blood samples were collected on days one and twenty of pregnancy ...
O'Keane V - - 2011
Most women experience time-limited and specific mood changes in the days after birth known as the maternity blues (Blues). The maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis undergoes gradual changes during pregnancy because of an increasing production of placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). The abrupt withdrawal of placental CRH at birth results in a ...
Huang Yan - - 2010
Maternal obesity (MO) has harmful effects on both fetal development and subsequent offspring health. The impact of MO on fetal myocardium development has received little attention. Fibrogenesis is regulated by the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/p38 signaling pathway. Using the well-established model of MO in pregnant sheep, we evaluated the effect ...
Kohl Thomas - - 2010
Partial amniotic carbon dioxide insufflation (PACI) during fetoscopic interventions greatly improves visualization of intraamniotic contents. The purpose of this study was to assess any histologically discernable effects from this approach on the fetal brain after long-term survival in sheep. Six pregnant ewes between 63 and 92 days of gestation underwent ...
Veiga-Lopez Almudena - - 2011
Prenatal testosterone excess in sheep leads to reproductive and metabolic disruptions that mimic those seen in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Comparison of prenatal testosterone-treated sheep with prenatal dihydrotestosterone-treated sheep suggests facilitation of defects by androgenic as well as androgen-independent effects of testosterone. We hypothesized that the disruptive impact of ...
Bessette Natalee W - - 2010
The objective was to compare gestation length in chronically instrumented (laboratory) pregnant sheep (n = 131) and in the breeding flock (n = 476) that provided the experimental sheep. In the breeding flock, gestation length was normally distributed and varied between 141 and 151 days (mean = 147 +/- 0.1 ...
Riet-Correa G - - 2009
Tetrapterys spp. have been reported as a cause of cardiac fibrosis, status spongiosus of the nervous system, and abortion. To study the intoxication by Tetrapterys multiglandulosa, 24 sheep were divided into 4 experimental groups of 4 sheep each and 1 control group. Groups 1 to 3, respectively, received 1, 1.5, ...
Nasar Md Abu - - 2009
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
Meza-Herrera C A - - 2010
The effects of supplemented protein level (PL) during the periconceptional period and their interaction with body condition were evaluated in sheep. Multiparous Rambouillet ewes (n = 12) received two PL of rumen undegradable protein (UIP) during a 30-day pre-mating and 15-day post-mating period: low [LPL, 24% crude protein (CP), 14 ...
Lakshmanan J - - 2008
To use sheep and rat models and demonstrate that stressors activate fetal glucocorticoid (GC) system, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) system and cholinergic neurotransmitter system (ChNS) leading to propulsive colonic motility and in utero meconium passage. Immunohistochemical studies (IHS) were performed to localize GC-Receptors, CRF-receptors and key molecules of ChNS in sheep ...
Delgehyr Nathalie - - 2008
In S. cerevisiae, spindle orientation is linked to the inheritance of the ;old' spindle pole by the bud. A player in this asymmetric commitment, Bud6p, promotes cortical capture of astral microtubules. Additionally, Bud6p stimulates actin cable formation though the formin Bni1p. A relationship with the second formin, Bnr1p, is unclear. ...
Yeleswaram, Krishnaswamy
Labetalol, a combined al and p-adrenoceptor blocker, is used as an antihypertensive, especially in the management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. While the antihypertensive efficacy of labetalol in pregnancy has been assessed by a number of clinical trials, there is little information in the literature about the disposition or pharmacodynamics ...
Blasi Immacolata - - 2008
The feto-maternal safety of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) administration in the cervix of pregnant sheep is evaluated. Chronically catheterized pregnant sheep at approximately 0.9 gestation were divided into 2 groups that received 0.1 mg/kg maternal body weight of SNP gel (2%) or placebo into the internal cervical os. SNP or placebo ...
Moroni Antonio - - 2008
This sheep study was designed to make a comparative evaluation of two external fixation pin types each with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) coating. The two pins had different taper, pitch, and self drilling capabilities. Twenty Orthofix standard, self-tapping pins (group A), 20 Orthofix HA-coated, self-tapping pins (group B), 20 X-caliber, ...
Smith M M - - 2008
IA therapy with hyaluronan (HA) is reported to provide symptomatic relief and disease modification in OA. This study assessed the pathological changes in the synovium of an ovine model of OA and evaluated the effects of two HA preparations on this pathology. Eighteen sheep had bilateral lateral meniscectomy to induce ...
Sturnieks Daina L - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between muscular strength about the knee and knee joint moments during gait in patients who had undergone arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM). METHODS: One hundred and two APM patients and 42 age-matched nonoperated controls underwent strength testing and three-dimensional gait analysis. Patients were divided into ...
Barry James S - - 2008
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), often associated with functional placental insufficiency, results in increased perinatal mortality and morbidity. For obvious reasons, many questions regarding the progression of IUGR pregnancies cannot be addressed experimentally in humans, predicating the use of animal models. Although no animal model fully recapitulates human pregnancy, the pregnant ...
Dickinson Hayley - - 2008
Orexin-A and -B are hypothalamic peptides which, in the adult brain, are associated with arousal, increased vigilance, and the seeking and ingestion of food. Because the fetus is mostly asleep, and hunger is a physiological state unlikely to arise until birth, we hypothesized that orexigenic neurons in the lateral and ...
Ysa August - - 2008
Control of proximal and back bleeding following an arteriotomy can be challenging when tibial or pedal vessels are noncompressible owing to calcification. We present two easy, inexpensive, and available solutions using a simple intravenous cannula to facilitate clamping of the distal vessels during below-knee revascularization.
Vernon Laura L - - 2008
Three studies examined associations between spider phobic distress and two individual difference characteristics, disgust propensity (sensitivity to disgust elicitation) and fear propensity (sensitivity to fear elicitation). Although the relative contributions of trait anxiety and disgust propensity have been examined, researchers have yet to compare the parallel constructs of disgust and ...
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