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Andersen Stine Linding SL Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
Context: Hyperthyroidism in women of reproductive age is predominantly caused by Graves' disease. Pregnancy associated changes in the immune system may influence the onset of disease, but population-based incidence rates in and around pregnancy have not been reported. Objective: To estimate the incidence of maternal hyperthyroidism (defined by redeemed prescription ...
Kabami Jane - - 2014
Antiretroviral treatment restores physical functioning and may have an impact on fertility desires. Counseling is given to HIV positive women to create awareness and to provide information on pregnancy and delivery. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of pregnancy and factors that predict pregnancy among women ...
Patel Pooja R PR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch , Galveston, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The objective of our study was to determine demographic characteristics, health and sexual behaviors, and psychological health associated with pregnancy ambivalence. We used a cross-sectional design for our study. Methods: A self-administered cross-sectional survey was conducted among nonpregnant women 16-40 years old from southeast Texas from July 2010 ...
Guszkowska Monika M Faculty of Tourism and Recreation - - 2014
Abstract Background: Mental health is important in the development of pregnancy and a fetus. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine demographic, socio-economic, and personality-based correlates of mental health of well-educated Polish primiparas living in the capital city. Method: The study included 164 women aged 22-38 in the ...
Maeda Ayumi A From the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (A.M., C.R.C., L.R.L.); Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (B.T.B.); and Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
The authors investigated nationwide trends in opioid abuse or dependence during pregnancy and assessed the impact on maternal and obstetrical outcomes in the United States. Hospitalizations for delivery were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1998 to 2011. Temporal trends were assessed and logistic regression was used to examine ...
- - 2014
: Listeriosis is predominantly a foodborne illness, with sporadic and outbreak-related cases tied to consumption of food contaminated with listeria (Listeria monocytogenes). The incidence of listeriosis associated with pregnancy is approximately 13 times higher than in the general population. Maternal infection may present as a nonspecific, flu-like illness with fever, ...
Sathar Zeba Z Country Director, Population Council, House No. 7, Street No. 62, Section F-6/3, Islamabad, Pakistan. - - 2014
During the past decade, unmet need for family planning has remained high in Pakistan and gains in contraceptive prevalence have been small. Drawing upon data from a 2012 national study on postabortion-care complications and a methodology developed by the Guttmacher Institute for estimating abortion incidence, we estimate that there were ...
Feres L F LF Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, - - 2014
Improving in vitro culture systems to optimize embryo yield has been a major research goal. The relationship between the efficiency of embryo production systems and the pregnancy outcomes, however, remain controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the likelihood of pregnancy of in vitro-produced embryos derived from ...
Romo S S Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlan, UNAM, Cuautitlan, Estado de Mexico, - - 2014
Biotechnology has continued to evolve rapidly, allowing the development of techniques to increase reproductive efficiency and contribute to the genetic improvement of cattle. Some of these techniques include the in vitro maturation (IVM) and IVF of oocytes, sperm sexing and embryo transfer (ET) to recipient females to obtain pregnancies and ...
Muggli Mph Senior Research Officer Evelyne E Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville 3052, Vic., Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, 3010 Vic., Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
pregnancy alcohol research relies on self-reports of alcohol consumption. Reporting bias may contribute to ambiguous and conflicting findings on fetal effects of low to moderate pregnancy alcohol exposure. this study aimed to identify the determinants which would enable women to provide accurate data in surveys of alcohol use in pregnancy. ...
Kharbanda Elyse O EO HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, - - 2014
In 2010, due to a pertussis outbreak and neonatal deaths, the California Department of Health recommended that the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) be administered during pregnancy. Tdap is now recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for all pregnant women, preferably between 27 ...
Rokicki Slawa S Department of Health Policy, Evaluative Sciences and Statistics, Harvard University, 14 Story Street, 4th floor, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA, - - 2014
Over the last few decades, total fertility rates, child morbidity, and child mortality rates have declined in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Among the most striking trends observed are the rapid rate of urbanization and the often remarkably large gaps in fertility between rural and urban areas. Although a large ...
Al-Turki Haifa A HA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the trend in ectopic pregnancy (EP) at a single center in Saudi Arabia and to compare the data with those from the rest of Saudi Arabia. In a retrospective study, data were analyzed from patients admitted to King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia, with ...
Chantry Anne Alice AA 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Resear team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. 2Baudelocque Midwifery School, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. 3Departments of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Hôpital Cochin, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Centre, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2014
To determine the national rate per delivery of pregnancy-related ICU admissions of women in France, the characteristics and severity of these cases, and their trends over the 4-year study period. Descriptive study from the national hospital discharge database. All ICUs in France. All women admitted to an ICU during the ...
dʼArminio Monforte Antonella A *Department of Health Sciences, Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; †Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy; ‡Infectious Diseases, Bagno a Ripoli Hospital, Florence, Italy; §Department of Health and Infectious Diseases, University La Sapienza, Polo Pontino, Rome, Italy; ‖Infectious Diseases, INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Rome, Italy; ¶Infectious Diseases, Galliera Hospital, Genova, Italy; #Infectious Diseases, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; **Clinical Immunology, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy; ††Infectious Diseases, University Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; ‡‡Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Spedali Civili, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; and §§INMI "L. Spallanzani," I.R.C.C.S, Epidemiology, Rome, - - 2014
We analyzed antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens and pregnancy outcomes in naive and ART-experienced HIV-positive women from Italian Cohort Naive Antiretrovirals cohort and investigated frequency and predictors of detectable viral load (VL) at delivery. All pregnancies resulting in live births were included. Based on ART at the beginning of pregnancy, pregnancies ...
de Bari Ornella O Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Epidemiological and clinical studies have found that gallstone prevalence is twice as high in women as in men at all ages in every population studied. Hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy put women at higher risk. The incidence rates of biliary sludge (a precursor to gallstones) and gallstones are up to ...
Aparicio Elizabeth - - 2014
Despite gains in reducing teenage pregnancy during the past 20 years, disparities in teenage pregnancy rates persist: The teenage pregnancy rate in Latino communities is now nearly double the average rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States. Considering the significant risks teenage pregnancy and parenting pose to both the ...
Farag Sara S Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
To systematically identify the number of applications ("apps") compatible with the iPhone and the iPad that are potentially useful to obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns). Obstetrics and gynecology MeSH terms were searched in the Apple iTunes Store. A master list of unique apps was created and the apps were divided into categories and ...
Briggs Rosalind R Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Does the chance of pregnancy keep improving with increasing number of oocytes, or can you collect too many? Clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) rates per embryo transfer varied from 10.2 and 9.2% following one oocyte collected to 37.7 and 31.3% when >16 oocytes were collected. Regression modelling indicated ...
Allen Elizabeth N - - 2014
BackgroundThe World Health Organisation has designed a pregnancy registry to investigate the effect of maternal drug use on pregnancy outcomes in resource-limited settings. In this sentinel surveillance system, detailed health and drug use data are prospectively collected from the first antenatal clinic visit until delivery. Over and above other clinical ...
Smedberg Janne J School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies have reported an association between depression and continuing smoking during pregnancy. However, differences in study design and methodology challenge study comparability. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal depression and continuing smoking among pregnant European women while adjusting for maternal characteristics. This multinational, ...
Evens Emily E a Health Services Research, FHI 360 , Durham , - - 2014
In developing-country settings, pregnancy intentions are often assessed using a series of questions from the Demographic and Health Surveys, yet research conducted in several countries yields conflicting results regarding these questions' ability to predict pregnancy. Conducted in Malawi and South Africa, this study identified individual, partner and societal factors that ...
Rose Sally B SB Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington 6242, New Zealand - - 2014
What proportions of women have a second abortion or continued pregnancy within 12-46 months of a first abortion? Estimated return rates for a second abortion were 5, 10.9 and 19.8% at 12, 24 and 46-months, respectively, and rates of continued pregnancy were 5.6, 12.9 and 24.3% at the same intervals. ...
Massie John J Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To describe prenatal and preconception population carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in Australia and consider progress towards establishing a universal program. Medline and Embase databases (1989-2013) were searched for all publications with Australian data. Existing programs for CF carrier screening in Australia were reviewed and professional peak body websites ...
Charlton Ra R Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath, - - 2014
To explore the prescribing patterns of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) before, during and after pregnancy in six European population-based databases. Descriptive drug utilisation study. Six electronic healthcare databases in Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy (Emilia Romagna/Tuscany), Wales and the rest of the UK. All women with a pregnancy ending in ...
Noren Shawn R SR Institute of Marine Science, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95060; 2US Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska - - 2014
Abstract Decreases in sea ice have altered habitat use and activity patterns of female Pacific walruses Odobenus rosmarus divergens and could affect their energetic demands, reproductive success, and population status. However, a lack of physiological data from walruses has hampered efforts to develop the bioenergetics models required for fully understanding ...
Kozhimannil Katy B KB Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 729, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA, - - 2014
Identifying co-occurring community risk factors, specific to rural communities, may suggest new strategies and partnerships for addressing sexual health issues among rural youth. We conducted an ecological analysis to identify the county-level correlates of pregnancy and chlamydia rates among adolescents in rural (nonmetropolitan) counties in Minnesota. Pregnancy and chlamydia infection ...
Carrion Bianca V BV Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Housing instability is an understudied social condition that may be a severe stressor during pregnancy. Aims of this study are to identify correlates of housing instability and to explore the association between housing instability and birth weight among pregnant teens and young mothers. Participants included pregnant women ages 14-21 from ...
Tal Reshef R Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess whether antimüllerian hormone (AMH) is a predictor of implantation and/or clinical pregnancy in women undergoing assisted reproductive technology. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Not applicable. Women undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection in nondonor cycles. Measurement of serum AMH level. Diagnostic odds ratio (OR) and summary receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) ...
Werner Marie D MD Robert Wood Johnson Medical School of Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the clinically recognizable error rate with the use of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-based comprehensive chromosomal screening (CCS). Retrospective study. Multiple fertility centers. All patients receiving euploid designated embryos. Trophectoderm biopsy for CCS. Evaluation of the pregnancy outcomes following the transfer of qPCR-designated euploid embryos. Calculation of the ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2014
We aimed to assess the potential usefulness of primary care data in the UK for estimating smoking prevalence in pregnancy by comparing the primary care data estimates with those obtained from other data sources. In The Health Improvement Network (THIN) primary care database, we identified pregnant smokers using smoking information ...
Gon Giorgia G Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
To estimate the effect of unimproved household water and toilet facilities on pregnancy-related mortality in Afghanistan. The data source was a population-based cross-sectional study, the Afghan Mortality Survey 2010. Descriptive, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out, comparing 69 pregnancy-related deaths (cases) and 15386 surviving women (non-cases) who ...
Shobeiri Fatemeh - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy remains a major gynaecologyical problem in contemporary gynaecological practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and some risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. This was a retrospective descriptive study carried out at hospitals in Hamadan provience, Iran. A total of ...
Zomerdijk Im I Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board, Utrecht, the - - 2014
To study the dispensing of potentially teratogenic drugs in the 12-month period before as well as during pregnancy in the Netherlands. Population-based study. A cohort was constructed using a linkage between the PHARMO Database Network and the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (PRN). A total of 203 962 Dutch pregnancies reported between 1999 ...
Kågesten Anna A Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA - - 2014
What are the characteristics and circumstances of pregnancies men report as unintended in France? Pregnancies reported as unintended were most prevalent among young men with insecure financial situations, less stable relationships and inconsistent use of contraception or false assumptions about their partner's use of contraception. Efforts to involve men in ...
Li Z Z School of Women's and Children's Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2031, Australia Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, - - 2014
What are the clinical efficacy and perinatal outcomes following transfer of vitrified blastocysts compared with transfer of fresh or of slow frozen blastocysts? Compared with slow frozen blastocysts, vitrified blastocysts resulted in significantly higher clinical pregnancy and live delivery rates with similar perinatal outcomes at population level. Although vitrification has ...
Stulberg Debra B DB Department of Family Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess 2004-2008 ectopic pregnancy rates among Medicaid recipients in 14 states and 2000-2008 time trends in three states and to identify differences in rate by race/ethnicity. Secondary analysis of Medicaid administrative claims data. Not applicable. Women ages 15-44 enrolled in Medicaid in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R TR 1] 1.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Pediatrics, Linköping University, Sweden [2] 2.Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
A limited microbial exposure is suggested to underlie the increase of allergic diseases in affluent countries, and bacterial diversity seems to be more important than specific bacteria taxa. Prospective studies indicate that the gut microbiota composition during the first months of life influences allergy development, and support the theory that ...
Ehrhardt Stephan S Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of - - 2014
Lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are both active against hepatitis B virus (HBV). Due to its potency, high genetic barrier to resistance, and safety during pregnancy, TDF may be useful to prevent HBV transmission from mother-to-child, which is the leading cause of transmission globally. Despite the safety record of ...
Edwards Laura L Department of Health, Top End Remote Health, Darwin, Northern Territory, - - 2014
In the Northern Territory (NT), 38% of 3500 births each year are to Indigenous women, 80% of whom live in regional and remote areas. Compared with the general Australian population, rates of pre-existing type 2 diabetes in pregnancy are 10-fold higher and rates of gestational diabetes are 1.5-fold higher among ...
Gilboa Suzanne M SM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities , Mail Stop E-86, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333 , USA , +1 404 498 4425 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Approximately 10 - 15% of women reportedly take an antihistamine during pregnancy for the relief of nausea and vomiting, allergy and asthma symptoms, or indigestion. Antihistamines include histamine H1-receptor and H2-receptor antagonists. Areas covered: This is a systematic evaluation of the peer-reviewed epidemiologic literature published through February 2014 on ...
Axelsdottir Thury O TO Department of Family Medicine, University of Iceland, Solvangur Health Centre , Hafnarfjordur , - - 2014
Objective. To analyse drug use in early pregnancy with special focus on socio-demographic factors associated with psychotropic and analgesic drug use. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting and subjects. A total of 1765 women were invited via their local health care centres, and 1111 participated at 11-16 weeks of pregnancy by filling ...
Anderson Amy E - - 2014
A number of alcohol guidelines worldwide suggest that pregnant women should abstain from alcohol. However, high prevalence rates of alcohol consumption during pregnancy still exist. It is unknown whether there are problems with the dissemination of guideline information that is potentially contributing to such consumption. This qualitative study aimed to ...
Bardenheier Barbara H BH Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trends in state-level prevalence of pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus (PDM; i.e., type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy) among delivery hospitalizations are needed to inform healthcare delivery planning and prevention programs. To examine PDM trends overall, by age group, race/ethnicity, primary payer, and with comorbidities such as pre-eclampsia and ...
Beigi Richard H RH Division of Obstetric Specialties, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Medical Center, 300 Halket Street, Room # 2326, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA; Division of Reproductive Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Medical Center, 300 Halket Street, Room # 2326, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Influenza infections are an important global source of morbidity and mortality. Pregnant and postpartum women are at increased risk for serious disease, related complications, and death from influenza infection. This increased risk is thought to be mostly caused by the altered physiologic and immunologic specifics of pregnancy. The morbidity of ...
Secura Gina M GM From the Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. - - 2014
The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States is higher than in other developed nations. Teenage births result in substantial costs, including public assistance, health care costs, and income losses due to lower educational attainment and reduced earning potential. The Contraceptive CHOICE Project was a large prospective cohort study ...
Heitmann Ryan J RJ Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 10 CRC, Room 1E-3140, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Unintended pregnancy is reportedly higher in active duty women; therefore, we sought to estimate the potential impact of the levonorgestrel-containing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) could have on unintended pregnancy in active duty women. A decision tree model with sensitivity analysis was used to estimate the number of unintentional pregnancies in active ...
Kelly Len L Professor in the Division of Clinical Sciences at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine and a rural physician and clinical researcher in Sioux Lookout, Ont. - - 2014
To document the incidence and outcomes of narcotic use during pregnancy in northwestern Ontario. Three-year prospective cohort study. Sioux Lookout and surrounding communities in northwestern Ontario. A total of 1206 consecutive births in a catchment area of 28 000 First Nations patients. Incidence of narcotic use, and maternal and neonatal ...
Wu Ling L 1 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, HeiLongjiang Bayi Agricultural University , Daqing, P.R. China - - 2014
Progesterone (P4) is a steroid gonadal hormone that is mainly produced from the corpus luteum and placenta and has various biological functions, especially reproductive regulation. It is important to establish a specific and sensitive P4 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the study of ovary activity and reproductive disorders. Therefore, we ...
Chung Sung-Hoon SH 0000-0002-0352-9722 Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although Cesarean section (CS) itself has contributed to the reduction in maternal and perinatal mortality, an undue rise in the CS rate (CSR) has been issued in Korea as well as globally. The CSR in Korea increased over the past two decades, but has remained at approximately 36% since 2006. ...
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