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Results 201 - 250 of 312
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Griffiths S K - - 1994
The auditory brainstem response (ABR) was recorded in utero from chronically instrumented fetal sheep prior to and following exposure of pregnant ewes to intense broadband noise (120 dB SPL for 16 h). ABRs were elicited by clicks and tone bursts (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) delivered through a bone ...
Waller P J - - 1994
Following in vitro screening investigations on approximately 100 nematophagous fungi reported previously, eight species were selected for further investigation. Fungal elements (mycelium and conidia) were subjected to in vitro stress selection designed to simulate rumen and abomasal conditions. From these studies, three species, namely, Arthrobotrys oligospora, Arthrobotrys oviformis and Geniculifera ...
Hoshi M - - 1993
Porphyromonas gingivalis no. 381 and ATCC 33277 produced an extracellular hemolytic toxin which was heat-labile, trypsin-sensitive, and lytic to human, horse, sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. The hemolytic toxin is a 'hot-cold', thiol-independent toxin. The production of the hemolytic toxin was greatly enhanced by addition of hemoglobin to the culture medium.
Hewicker-Trautwein M - - 1993
The topographical distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), vimentin, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurofilament (NF) proteins in the developing neocortex and cerebellum of sheep fetuses of different gestational ages (60-149 days) was described. For comparison, brain tissues from a lamb and two adult sheep were included in this study. ...
Gustafson R A - - 1993
Six hybrid pregnancies were established: three in sheep-goat chimaeras, one in a sheep-(sheep-goat)hybrid chimaera and two in does. Pregnancies were monitored weekly by ultrasonography and peripheral concentrations of pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) were measured. Placental development as detected by ultrasonography appeared to be slower in hybrid-in-goat pregnancies than in ...
Franco A - - 1993
Histomorphometric and scanning electron microscopic analyses were performed on 74 embryos and fetuses and 20 sheep (early postnatal to adult age). Histologic differentiation of the omasum took place at 33 days of fetal life, with the appearance of first-order laminae. Second-, third-, and fourth-order laminae appeared at 39, 50, and ...
Nasution A R - - 1993
We assessed the prevalence of HLA-B27 among ethnic Indonesian and Indonesian Chinese patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) or related spondyloarthropathies, and also among healthy controls. HLA-B27 was found in 23 (62.2%) of 37 Chinese patients and 4% of 176 Chinese healthy controls (p < 0.001). In contrasts only 2 (8.3%) ...
Read M - - 1993
The nature and developmental profile of pancreatic gastrin and somatostatin were determined in the ovine fetus, a model considered relevant to human development. Gastrin and somatostatin peptide and mRNA were examined in the pancreas of fetal sheep at 80, 105, 125 and 140 days gestation (term: 145 days), 15-day-old lambs ...
Hove K - - 1993
A sustained release bolus with the cesium binder ammoniumiron(III)-hexacyanoferrate (AFCF) has been developed as a countermeasure for small ruminants grazing pastures contaminated by radiocesium (134Cs+137Cs). The boli (40-50 g) are produced by compression of a mixture of AFCF, barite and wax. The release of AFCF from boli labelled with 137Cs-iron-hexacyanoferrate ...
Zanjani E D - - 1993
Erythropoiesis in the fetus is controlled by erythropoietin (Ep). To determine the role of maternal Ep in this process, we used catheterized preparations of sheep and monkey fetuses to assess the ability of Ep administered to the mother to cross the placental barrier into the fetus. Ep was injected into ...
Glynn T - - 1993
Benign footrot was studied in 1 1/2-years-old Merinos on 2 farms in central Victoria from September 1987 to August 1990, inclusive. Treatment groups of 100 sheep grazed together with the remaining untreated sheep. Inspections were carried out every 3 weeks during the spring transmission period until the number of lesions ...
Ruark R R - - 1992
Appealing denied claims involves time, energy, and a determination to preserve the Medicare rights of both the provider and patient. But the reasons for taking Medicare claims to court far outweigh any excuses for not doing so. And given the capricious and arbitrary decisions of some intermediaries, corporate survival may ...
Owiny J R - - 1992
Currently there is considerable interest in the actions of oxytocin antagonists on the pregnant myometrium. Few studies have been conducted involving long-term infusions of oxytocin antagonists to late-pregnant experimental animals. We set out to determine whether continuous infusion of an oxytocin antagonist ([1-beta-mercapto(beta-(CH2)5)1(OMe)Tyr2,Orn8]-oxytocin) would influence basal levels of myometrial activity ...
Scroop G C - - 1992
The present study examined the roles of the renin-angiotensin and autonomic nervous systems in cardiovascular homeostasis during slow progressive haemorrhage (20% of measured blood volume over 1h) in fetal (128-132 and 143-148 days gestation) and neonatal (5-9 and 12-20 days post-natal) sheep. Basal plasma renin activity (PRA) was not significantly ...
Jeffrey M - - 1992
The neuropathology and biochemical features of 17 sheep with clinical signs and gross necropsy features of naturally occurring pregnancy toxemia were retrospectively evaluated. The sheep ranged in age from 3 to 6 years and were of seven different breeds and three breed crosses. Thirteen sheep (case Nos. 1-4, 6-9, 11-14, ...
Eichacker L - - 1992
Accumulation of plastid-encoded chlorophyll apoproteins and chlorophyll synthesis are controlled by light in angiosperms. An in vitro system utilizing isolated and lysed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) etioplasts revealed the specific accumulation of P700, CP47, CP43 and D2 triggered by de novo synthesis of chlorophyll. Accumulation rates of radiolabelled chlorophyll apoproteins ...
MacLaren L A - - 1992
These studies compared inter- and intraspecific placentae during implantation and at full-term in sheep, goats and interspecific sheep-goat chimaeras. Histological sections prepared from intra- and interspecific day-26, 32 and 36 placentae in ewes and does indicated an altered ability of the trophoblast to invade the maternal caruncle in interspecific pregnancies. ...
Williams A F - - 1992
Use of seatbelts in late model cars with automatic or manual belt systems was observed in suburban Washington, DC, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia. In cars with automatic two-point belt systems, the use of shoulder belts by drivers was substantially higher than in the same model cars with manual three-point ...
Kaney S - - 1992
Subjects suffering from persecutory delusions, psychiatric controls and normal subjects were required to recall immediately six passages of prose, half of which contained mildly threatening propositions. Deluded subjects recalled fewer propositions overall but more propositions of specifically threatening content. These findings suggest that the role of recall bias in persecutory ...
Dworski R - - 1992
We determined the effect of a novel inhibitor of thromboxane synthase, DP1904, on the baseline and allergen stimulated release of eicosanoids into the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of sheep. DP1904 was effective in reducing the baseline and allergen stimulated production of TXB2. Inhibition of thromboxane synthase was associated with an increase ...
Schlumpf R - - 1991
The delayed contralateral nephrectomy procedure (three-step) produced inconsistent results, indicating that the preserved autotransplanted kidney tends to remain unfunctional and to regenerate incompletely unless the demand for work is placed upon it. Omission of HES in UW (UW-plain) did not affect preservation success, but resulted in increased graft edema. Substitution ...
Mitrová E - - 1991
Epidemic-like occurrence of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was observed in 1987 in Slovakia (Orava). Search for the cause of CJD focus indicated a coincidence of genetic and environmental risks in clustering patients. Since Spongiform Encephalopathies might be transmitted orally, (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), the possibility of zoonotic source of CJD cases in Orava ...
Bazer F W - - 1991
In summary, Type I conceptus interferons of sheep, cows, and goats (perhaps all ruminants), which signal maternal recognition of pregnancy, may be useful for enhancing fertility in animal agriculture and may have a role in human and veterinary medicine as well. The Type I conceptus interferons share antiviral, anticellular, and ...
Kimberling C V - - 1990
All cases of foot rot, whether acute, chronic, benign, or inapparent, must be identified. If the outbreak is severe and production losses warrant, each foot of each animal must be examined thoroughly. Proper handling facilities and equipment, adequate light, and dry working conditions are needed to properly examine each foot. ...
Buckrell B C - - 1990
Over a 3-year period, 32 Dall's sheep (Ovis dalli dalli) embryos were transferred into 24 domestic sheep (O. aries) recipients and 4 were transferred into 2 Dall's sheep recipients. In the first year, none of the 10 O. aries recipients was diagnosed pregnant. In the following 2 years, 9 (37%) ...
Oyediji G O - - 1990
Sil-estrus implants, Veramix sponges and PGF2alpha were successfully used to synchronize estrus in normocyclic West African dwarf sheep. The intervals from end of treatment to onset of observable estrus in the three groups of treatment were 42.33+/-1.99, 77.67+/-15.20 and 41.62+/-2.23 h respectively, for Sil-estrus, Veramix sponges and PGF2alpha (P>0.05). Of ...
McMillen I C - - 1990
We have investigated the effect of bilateral adrenalectomy at 116-119 days' gestation on the levels of the messenger (m) RNA for proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the anterior pituitary of the fetal sheep and in the ovine placentome during late gestation (134-136 days' gestation). After fetal adrenalectomy there was a significant (p ...
Hamon M H - - 1990
Steroid hormone concentrations have been measured in the peripheral plasma of 3 Barbary sheep over 3 breeding seasons. During pregnancy mean progesterone values rose initially and after a small decline between Days 30 and 50, increased again and remained between 17 and 28 nmol/l until the last 2 days of ...
Shelton J N - - 1990
Research into physiology and embryology has provided a basis for the development of technologies that increase productivity of farm animals through enhanced control of reproductive function. Progestagens, alone or in combination with luteolysins, are used to control the time of oestrus in cattle, sheep and pigs, thus permitting better use ...
Caton D - - 1990
Patterns of variation in progestin concentrations were studied in pregnant sheep during the last half of gestation. In three sets of experiments, blood was drawn daily or every 4 h for 24 h or every 10 min for 8 h. Peripheral arterial concentration of progestin was examined for 'peaks' using ...
Sadler J P - - 1990
During recent archaeological excavations in Viking Greenland, specimens of the human flea, Pulex irritans L., and the body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., were recovered from several farmsteads. Bovicola ovis (Schrank) and the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (L.), also were found in associated deposits. The specimens were dated from about ...
Paynter J A - - 1990
The concentrations of zinc, copper, metallothionein and metallothionein-Ia mRNA in sheep livers during development was determined. It was found that early sheep foetuses (30-40 days gestation) had very high concentrations of hepatic zinc (2305 +/- 814 micrograms/g dry mass), and that these levels declined steadily to 644 +/- 304 micrograms/g ...
Akagi K - - 1990
We examined the relationship of fetal plasma immunoreactive adrenocorticotropic hormone (IR-ACTH), arginine vasopressin (AVP) and cortisol to fetal arterial pO2 (PaO2), oxygen saturation (SaO2), change (delta) in PaO2 (delta PaO2) or SaO2 (delta SaO2) in fetal sheep at 125-139 days of gestational age. Fetal sheep were exposed to two levels ...
Dagnall G J - - 1990
A dark-ground methylene blue (DGMB) staining method was used to demonstrate chlamydial elementary bodies in fetal membranes of sheep affected by Chlamydia psittaci. Before evaluation on material from clinically affected animals, the DGMB method was compared with modified Ziehl-Neelsen (MZN) and dark-ground Giemsa (DGG) staining methods for its ability to ...
Valenzuela G J - - 1989
Pregnancy in humans is associated with a number of physiologic changes including interstitial fluid retention (edema) and a decrease in the systemic vascular response to infused angiotensin II. In nonpregnant sheep angiotensin II increases the lymph flow rate by what appears to be a direct effect on the lymphatic vessels. ...
Parajuli B - - 1989
A comparison was made of the efficacy of zinc sulphate and formalin footbaths in treating foot-rot of a wide range of severity in a British lowland sheep flock. Solutions of 10% zinc sulphate and 10% formalin in a walk-through trough were used at weekly intervals on three occasions following initial ...
Padbury J F - - 1989
Plasma catecholamines circulate either in conjugated or unconjugated forms. In adult humans, sulfoconjugated catecholamines predominate; however, there is considerable variation between species. In a variety of pathophysiological states catecholamine conjugation is believed to represent an important mechanism of inactivation of high circulating catecholamine levels. To date, there have been few ...
Wood C E - - 1989
Hypotension in fetal sheep stimulates reflex decreases in heart rate and increases in the secretion of several hormones, including adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), cortisol, vasopressin, and renin. However, little is known about the afferent limb(s) of the reflex(es) controlling these responses. Fetal sheep between 122 and 134 days gestation were prepared with ...
Haupt R - - 1989
A physiological maximal loading of the knee-joint of sheep is simulated by a 4-hour peak overloading of 24.5 N and a frequency of 42 impulses per minute. The reactions of articular cartilage, synovia and periarticular muscular tissue to the load were examined histologically, histochemically and biochemically. 20 hours after the ...
Foreyt W J - - 1989
Six Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep were raised in captivity from birth (n = 5) or taken from the wild as a lamb (n = 1). After the bighorn sheep were in captivity for over a year, 6 clinically normal domestic sheep were placed on the 2 ha of pasture on ...
Zhang X - - 1989
Cronolone (9 alpha-fluoro-11 beta-hydroxy-17 alpha-acetoxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione) is widely employed to regulate breeding activity in the ewe, but its biological activity in the uterus of this and most other species has not been studied. In this study several in vivo uterus-related activities of cronolone have been examined in the sheep, mouse and ...
Bégin R - - 1989
In the sheep tracheal lobe model of silicosis, we have recently reported that total phospholipid, lecithin, and phosphatidylglycerol levels were elevated in lung lavage. To investigate further this observation, we obtained complete phospholipid profiles of lung lavage in 10 sheep exposed to saline only (Sa group), 10 sheep exposed to ...
Dubey J P - - 1988
Histological sections of tongues, esophagi, and diaphragms from 512 adult ewes from the northwest United States and Texas were examined for Sarcocystis spp. Sarcocysts were found in sections of 82.1% of 504 tongues, 44.4% of 478 esophagi, and 51.7% of 89 diaphragms. Sarcocystis tenella was the predominant species and was ...
Hanson M A - - 1988
The information gained about the afferent traffic from carotid arterial baro- and chemoreceptors by direct recordings made in the sheep fetus is reviewed. Less is known about aortic baro- and chemoreceptor discharge during this period, and virtually nothing is known about the discharge of other vagal mechano- or chemoreceptor afferents. ...
Andrew M - - 1988
The half-lives for coagulation factors in the healthy newborn infant are not known and may be different than for the adult. We measured the half-life for fetal sheep fibrinogen and compared it to the half-life of adult sheep fibrinogen. Fibrinogen was purified from adult and fetal sheep plasma and radiolabeled ...
Lindsay D R - - 1988
The recorded behaviour of wild species of Ovis at the beginning of the breeding season supports the proposal that mating is synchronized by the 'ram effect', a phenomenon already described in domestic sheep. Animals separate into exclusive male flocks, and flocks of females and young animals for most of the ...
Croteau R B - - 1987
To determine whether the bicyclic monoterpene olefins (-)-alpha-pinene and (-)-beta-pinene arise biosynthetically from the same monoterpene cyclase by alternate deprotonations of a common carbocationic intermediate, the product distributions arising from the acyclic precursor [10-2H3,1-3H]geranyl pyrophosphate were compared with those resulting from incubation of [1-3H]geranyl pyrophosphate with (-)-pinene cyclase from Salvia ...
Leymaster K A - - 1987
Crossbreeding of sheep is practiced to exploit simultaneously the use of additive and nonadditive genetic effects. The goal is to achieve optimal levels of performance appropriate for defined systems of sheep production and marketing. Although the beneficial effects of individual and maternal heterosis on sheep production have been well documented ...
Owens J A - - 1987
Endometrial caruncles were excised from 13 sheep (caruncle sheep) before pregnancy to restrict placental growth. In subsequent pregnancies, half the caruncle fetuses were growth retarded or small (weight more than 2 SD below mean weight for control fetuses) with the remainder, normal-sized (weight within 2 SD of mean weight for ...
Leon-Vizcaino L - - 1987
From 1970 to 1985, 973 outbreaks of abortion in sheep and 262 outbreaks of abortion in goats from southern Spain were studied. Of these, 1.7 and 2.6% respectively were caused by leptospiras, chiefly by the serovar pomona (11 flocks of sheep, 64.7%, and six herds of goats, 75.0%) and in ...
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