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Results 201 - 250 of 388
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McClaine Rebecca J - - 2005
Anesthetic exposure during pregnancy is viewed as a relatively routine medical practice. However, recent rodent studies have suggested that common anesthetic agents can damage the developing brain. Here we assessed this claim in a higher order species by exposing previously instrumented near-term pregnant sheep at gestational day 122 (+/-1) to ...
Cockcroft P D - - 2006
There were 574 scrapie positive suspects (histopathological scrapie lesions present) and 198 scrapie negative suspects (histopathological scrapie lesions absent). The greatest number of scrapie cases were recorded in sheep of 2, 3 and 4 years of age which represented 17%, 36% and 23% of the scrapie positive suspects, respectively. The ...
Boos A - - 2005
Osteological characteristics are often used to identify animal species. In this regard it is believed that the corpus fibulae of the sheep is represented by a tight cord of connective tissue--the so-called "ligamentum fibulare". The results of the present morphometric study indicate, however, that in 67% of the fetuses, 61% ...
Steen Harald - - 2005
Inter-specific competition, facilitation and predation influence herbivore assemblages, but no study has experimentally explored the interactions between large ungulates and small rodents. In a fully replicated, landscape scale experiment, we manipulated densities of domestic sheep in mountain pastures in Norway. We then determined population growth and densities of rodents by ...
McMillen I Caroline - - 2005
There is evidence that changes in perinatal nutrition programme the development of relative fat mass and the regulation of appetite in adult life. These studies have been primarily in the rodent utilizing maternal overnutrition or undernutrition imposed at different stages of pregnancy and beyond, mapping of neuropeptide localization and activity ...
Rahman Abu Nasar Md Aminoor - - 2004
Successful implantation is a highly coordinated process involving changes in cytokines, adhesion molecules, hormones, enzymes and growth factors. This study examines the expression of key cytokines and vascular surface molecules in the pregnant uterus of sheep around the time of implantation. Uterine tissues and uterine washings were collected from non-pregnant ...
Joyce Margaret M - - 2005
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is a ubiquitin homolog expressed in uteri of ruminants in response to interferon (IFN)-tau and is also induced during pregnancy in the uteri of mice, pigs, humans, and baboons. This study examined expression of ISG15 and its conjugation to target proteins in the ovine uterus beyond ...
McMillen I C - - 2004
Exposure to either an increased or decreased level of intrauterine nutrition can result in an increase in adiposity and in circulating leptin concentrations in later life. In animals such as the sheep and pig in which fat is deposited before birth, leptin is synthesised in fetal adipose tissue and is ...
Healy Anne M - - 2004
We did a case-control study of the association of several animal, flock and management factors with scrapie in Irish sheep flocks. The characteristics of 61 sheep flocks with at least one laboratory-confirmed case of scrapie (1990-1998) were compared to 61 flocks with no history of scrapie and matched by geographical ...
Clutton-Brock T H - - 2004
Grazing by hill sheep and red deer prevents the regeneration of woodland in many parts of the Scottish Highlands and has also led to extensive loss of heather cover. Conservation bodies claim that there has been a rapid rise in Highland deer numbers caused by inadequate management and that these ...
Uzal F A - - 2004
Clostridium perfringens produces disease in sheep, goats and other animal species, most of which are generically called enterotoxemias. This micro-organism can be a normal inhabitant of the intestine of most animal species including humans, but when the intestinal environment is altered by sudden changes in diet or other factors, C. ...
Denda Tetsuo - - 2004
The cytogeographical structures of Ixeris nakazonei, a putative hybrid between I. debilis (6x) and I. repens (2x), were investigated in the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. In the Ryukyus, I. debilis occurs on Miyakojima Island of the southern Ryukyus and northward, while I. repens occurs on all islands except for Iriomotejima ...
Reznikov A G - - 2004
Developmental changes in immunohistochemical localization of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) in fetal and newborn sheep tissues were studied. Tissue samples have been harvested at days 63-64, 100-103, 125-128 and 142-144 of gestation or 2 postnatal days. In the liver, immunoreactive CBG (irCBG) has been identified in hepatocytes. The intensity of CBG ...
Ferrahi Mohammed Issam - - 2004
The polycondensation of tetrahydrofuran with maleic anhydride catalyzed by Maghnite-H+ (Mag-H) was investigated. Maghnite is a montmorillonite sheet silicate clay that is exchanged with protons to produce Maghnite-H [1]. It was found that the polymerization in bulk is initiated by Mag-H in the presence of acetic anhydride at 40 degrees ...
Bella Simone Dalla - - 2003
Eight adults with a music-specific learning disability (i.e., tone deafness, but we prefer the term "congenital amusia") were asked to tap along with music (e.g., Ravel's Bolero) and with nonmusical isochronous sequences (i.e., noise bursts). The amusic persons' tapping performance was poorly synchronized with music compared to that of nine ...
Poindron Pascal - - 2003
Mother sheep and goats develop an early bond with their neonate on the basis of olfactory recognition. We investigated whether goats were also able to show early (<24 hr postpartum) nonolfactory discrimination of their kids, as already reported in sheep. In a first experiment, we found that goats are not ...
David A L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To access the fetal airways percutaneously using ultrasound-guided injection of the fetal trachea in sheep. METHODS: Adenoviral gene therapy vectors and transduction-enhancing agents were delivered to the trachea via a needle inserted through the thorax or the neck of late-gestation (0.9 term, n = 3) or mid-gestation (0.5-0.8 term, ...
Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from current techniques for temporary fetoscopic tracheal occlusion, we tried to develop a percutaneous fetoscopic technique in sheep. METHODS: In nine ewes between 77 and 128 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was positioned and the feasibility of ...
Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from open fetal surgery for prenatal coverage of fetal myelomeningoceles in humans, we assessed the feasibility of a percutaneous fetoscopic approach in sheep. METHODS: In seven ewes between 90 and 100 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was ...
Weiner Matthew A - - 2003
We identified a tri-cistronic operon, gerH, in Bacillus anthracis that is important for endospore germination triggered by two distinct germination response pathways termed inosine-His and purine-Ala. Together, the two pathways allow B. anthracis endospores a broader recognition of purines and amino acids that may be important for host-mediated germination.
Dittmar K - - 2003
During an excavation of a site of the corded ware culture in the Saale-Unstrut-Valley (ca. 3000 BC) in Germany, a soil sample from the pelvis of a human skeleton was studied under palaeoparasitological aspects. Eggs of the trematode Fasciola hepatica and of the nematode genus Capillaria were found. This is ...
Meintjes T - - 2002
A single Merino sheep, artificially infested with the sheep scab mite, Psoroptes ovis, and a similarly infested Dorper sheep were placed with 9 uninfested Merino or 9 uninfested Dorper sheep respectively during winter and the rate of spread of infestation on the uninfested sheep observed. The same procedure was repeated ...
Johnson E H - - 2002
Haemoglobin (Hb) types were studied in three breeds of Omani goats, Batinah (n = 22), Jebel Akhdar (n = 27) and Dhofari (n = 85). Type A was the only adult Hb observed in adult Batinah and Jebel Akhdar goats. In contrast, only 34% of the Dhofari goats were homozygous ...
Gauly M - - 2002
Genetic parameters of natural resistance were estimated in Rhön and Merinoland (German Merino) sheep following experimental infection with Haemonchus contortus. A total of 133 Rhön and 244 Merinoland lambs descending from 5 and 6 rams, respectively, were evaluated. Each helminth-naive lamb was orally infected with 5000 infective third-stage larvae (L(3)) ...
Hunter P - - 2002
A 5-fluorouracil mutagenised Rift Valley fever virus strain, which was shown to be attenuated and immunogenic in cattle and sheep, was evaluated for its ability to cause teratogenic effects in pregnant sheep. A group of 50 sheep at various stages of pregnancy was inoculated with the virus and the pregnancies ...
Yuan Hongchang - - 2002
The control of schistosomiasis has been spectacularly successful in terms of controlling endemicity and severity of the disease during the last 50 years. It can be categorized into two stages. From 1955 through 1980, the transmission-control strategy had been widely and successfully carried out. By the end of 1980, the ...
Loi P - - 2001
Since the advent of procedures for cloning animals, conservation biologists have proposed using this technology to preserve endangered mammals. Here we report the successful cloning of a wild endangered animal, Ovis orientalis musimon, using oocytes collected from a closely related, domesticated species, Ovis aries. We injected enucleated sheep oocytes with ...
Fujii E - - 2001
Fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate (FBP) has a neuroprotective effect in neonatal and adult rats. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of FBP on hippocampal neuronal damage in fetal sheep asphyxiated by 10 min of complete umbilical cord occlusion. Thirteen fetal sheep at 124 days of gestation were surgically ...
Nietfeld J C - - 2001
Chlamydophila abortus (formerly Chlamydia psittaci) is one of the most important causes of reproductive failure in sheep and goats, especially in intensively managed flocks. The disease is usually manifested as abortion in the last 2 to 3 weeks of gestation, regardless of when the animal was infected. Ewes that abort ...
Wolf R B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to produce a condition analogous to alloimmune hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn by infusing antierythrocyte antibodies in fetal sheep. METHODS: Antierythrocyte antibodies were infused intravascularly into late-gestation ovine fetuses over a 10-day period. Fetal blood was sampled daily for complete blood cell counts, blood ...
Jelinek P D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on ovine footrot of repeated daily footbathing in a solution of zinc sulphate with surfactant. DESIGN: Merino sheep were allocated to control and treatment groups of 119 sheep each at week 0. The sheep had a history of S1, U1, T and/or U6 types of ...
Oppenheim S M - - 2001
The failure of interspecies and hybrid pregnancies between the domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra hircus) is not completely understood. The sheep-goat hematopoietic chimera is a unique model for studying the role of the maternal immune response in failure of interspecies and hybrid pregnancies between these species. Hematopoietic chimeras ...
Ward M P - - 2001
The use of a time-space scan statistic--defined by a cylindrical window with a circular geographic base and height corresponding to time--was investigated as a method of detecting clustering in veterinary epidemiology whilst controlling confounding. The example data set consisted of farmer-recorded occurrence of body strike and breech strike between August ...
Innes E A - - 2001
Sheep immunized with Toxoplasma gondii (Toxovax) prior to pregnancy were tested for their ability to withstand a challenge at 90 days gestation with 107 Neospora caninum (NC1) tachyzoites. The antibody responses in sheep following immunization with T. gondii were specific for T. gondii whereas peripheral blood mononuclear cells responded to ...
Sanborn B M - - 2001
The regulation of myometrial contraction is of paramount importance for the maintenance of pregnancy and for parturition. Understanding this regulation involves delineating the pathways that control myometrial contraction and relaxation and defining the regulation of these pathways. The pathways can be broken down further into those signalling cascades controlling the ...
Rivero R - - 2001
Outbreaks of Anagallis arvensis poisoning were observed from 1994 to 1998 in cattle and sheep in Uruguay during December and January. Cattle morbidity varied between 3.2 and 53.2% and lethality 42.6 and 100%. Sheep morbidity was 2.8 to 42.9% and lethality 81.3 to 100%. Nine outbreaks occurred on barley and ...
Berghorn K A - - 2000
Immunocytochemical technique and light microscopy were used to ascertain the relationship between vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and tyrosine hydroxylase in fetal sheep and fetal baboon adrenal cortices and medullae at 85% of gestation. VIP immunostaining was extremely robust in fetal sheep adrenal cortical neurofibers and cells while weak in fibers ...
Oppenheim S M - - 2000
Mammalian pregnancies are naturally allogeneic, but syngeneic pregnancies have been carried to term in laboratory animal species. The need for maternal immune recognition during mammalian pregnancy is still unclear. Allogeneic pregnancies are protected from maternal immune attack by the nature of the trophoblast and its interactions with maternal tissues at ...
Parvizi N - - 2000
For the past decade, neuroendocrinology, in general, and neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction, in particular, were strongly dominated by molecular genetics and molecular endocrinology. In very recent years, however, neuroendocrinology is taking back its place. Beyond doubt GnRH is the neuroendocrine signal for ovulation. But there are still many unexplored pathways ...
Krunic N - - 2000
We have previously shown in the sheep fetus at 0.7 and 0.9 gestation that the choroid plexus, unlike brain parenchyma, catabolizes prostaglandins (PGs). Peculiarly, in the choroid plexus, PGE(2) catabolism persists throughout the neonatal period to abate in the adult, while PGF(2alpha) catabolism abates shortly after birth. To explain this ...
Gow P J - - 2000
Using the isolated perfused neonatal sheep liver model, we examined the disposition of propranolol (n = 8, age 0.25-10 days) and compared our findings with our previous study from the perfused near-term fetal sheep liver (Ring JA, et al. 1995. Drug Metab Dispos 23:190-196). Within 45 min of dosage, perfusate ...
Harris A R - - 2000
Two isolates of binucleate Rhizoctonia spp., previously selected for efficacy in suppression of Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium spp., as well as plant growth promotion, were incorporated into various solid substrate formulations. These formulated products were assayed at three doses in three glass-house experiments for biocontrol of damping-off diseases in Capsicum ...
Panter K E - - 2000
The induction of cleft palate by Nicotiana glauca (wild tree tobacco) during the first trimester of pregnancy was compared between Spanish-type goats and crossbred western-type sheep. Cleft palate was induced in 100% of the embryonic/fetal goats when their pregnant mothers were gavaged with N. glauca plant material or with anabasine-rich ...
Greenberg S G - - 1999
The present study was designed to assess the dose-related effects of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on systemic, renal, and uterine hemodynamics in nonpregnant sheep and to evaluate how pregnancy might alter these responses. Nonpregnant and pregnant (110 +/- 5 days gestation) ewes were instrumented for conscious measurements of maternal mean arterial ...
Kohl T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Therapy-refractory supraventricular tachycardia commonly results in hydrops and death in human fetuses. The purpose of this study in fetal sheep was to assess the feasibility of a minimally invasive fetoscopic approach for fetal transesophageal electrocardiography and stimulation aimed at diagnosis and termination of these tachycardias. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Abu Zinada N Y - - 1999
Dicrocoelium dendriticum is a common liver fluke of sheep and other herbivorous animals. Examination of imported sheep showed 40% in Somalian sheep, 26% in Turkish and 2% in native breed sheep. The results were discussed with stress on epidemiology.
Gow P J - - 1999
We present a model for perfusion of the isolated perfused neonatal sheep liver which allows examination of drug disposition by the intact organ. We studied the disposition of sodium taurocholate (TC) in seven neonatal lambs (ages 2-11 days) and compared the results with earlier data from the perfused fetal sheep ...
Cook C J - - 1999
AIMS: As kappa(kappa)-opioids have marked effects on pain threshold in sheep during oestrus, late pregnancy and after birth, a study was undertaken to determine if kappa -opioids also had other roles during these states. METHODS: Opioid agonists (GR89696, DAMAGO) were administered into either the lateral hypothalamus (LH) or amygdala of ...
Caston-Balderrama A - - 1999
We hypothesized that neural structures, involved in sensing extracellular body fluid composition in adult animals during an osmotic challenge, would show similar patterns of activation in fetal sheep. Eight adult sheep [4 hypertonic saline-treated adults (HYP-A), 4 isotonic saline-treated adults] and six near-term fetal sheep [3 hypertonic saline-treated fetuses (HYP-F), ...
Manueli P R - - 1999
Approximately 2500 faecal samples were collected per rectum from sheep and goats from 26 farms located on four of the Fijian islands where most of the small ruminants in this country are raised. The purpose was to screen these samples to isolate nematode-trapping fungi that had been acquired by these ...
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