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Omer Luqman Taib - - 2007
A survey on hard ticks affecting cattle, sheep, and goats was done in Dohuk Governorate from March 2005 until February 2006 in three areas (Dohuk surrounding area, Barwary Balla near Turkish border, and Eqre). The species collected from cattle were Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma anatolicum marginatum, while the species ...
Bigolin Sergio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fertility and analyze the macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects of sheep uterine tube sterilization with a hysteroscopically insert of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesive. METHODS: 12 adult sheep, with one previous pregnancy, were distributed as follows: group L (n=3) subjected to laparotomy and Pomeroy uterine tube ligation, group S ...
Buxton David - - 2007
Ovine toxoplasmosis, caused by the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, was first described in 1954 and while the incidence of ovine infection is difficult to define, it has been reported that in the UK it is responsible for between 1 and 2% of neonatal losses per annum. Recent reports have ...
Michalopoulou E - - 2007
A PCR was used to detect the genome of Chlamydophila abortus in samples of uterine tissue collected from 304 sheep by a sterile technique at an abattoir. The stage of pregnancy of the sheep was determined by measuring the dimensions of the embryo/fetus, and its morphology was recorded. Only samples ...
Markus Tina - - 2007
Resuscitation with pure oxygen at birth after fetal asphyxia may aggravate brain damage by inducing pro-inflammation. The toll-like receptors (TLRs) may serve a pro-inflammatory role in hyperoxemia during ischemia-reperfusion. Sixteen near-term fetal sheep (132-136 d) were subjected to 10 min of cord occlusion, delivery and mechanical ventilation with 100% O2 ...
Gregory Diane E - - 2008
Sheep shearing is a very physically demanding occupation, especially on the low back, such that many commercial harnesses have been developed to help reduce the load on the back. Such harnesses have been shown to significantly reduce peak and cumulative low back loads; however, the effect that these harnesses have ...
Anné Wim - - 2007
The development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with electrical and structural remodeling. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of electrical and structural remodeling to the development of AF in a rapid atrially paced ovine model with and without His bundle ablation and to determine the ...
Freise Kevin J KJ College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, 115 S. Grand Ave, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2007
To determine by pharmacokinetic (PK) means the role of erythropoietin-receptor (EPO-R) upregulation in fetuses on the elimination of erythropoietin (EPO). Six fetal sheep were catheterized at a gestational age of 125-127 days and phlebotomized daily for 6 days. Paired tracer PK studies using recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) were conducted in ...
Mahieu Maurice - - 2007
Haemonchus infection was monitored for 2 years (six kidding periods) in a Creole goat flock grazing under oceanic-tropical climate. Two hundred and thirty individual does were involved from late pregnancy to weaning. Anaemia diagnoses using Famacha method and packed cell volume (PCV) were compared. The best agreement (Kappa=0.33) was found ...
Soares Mauro Pereira - - 2007
From 50 farmed Rhea americana slaughtered for human consumption, adult forms and eggs of Fasciola hepatica were found in 4. The other three livers were free of flukes but did show lesions caused by larval fluke migration. Histological lesions were similar to those caused by flukes in cattle and sheep. ...
Oh-Park Mooyeon - - 2007
Ankle varus is a commonly encountered deformity in patients with neurologic or musculoskeletal disorders. It impedes stability during the stance phase of gait and often causes skin lesions on the lateral ankle area. Plastic or conventional ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) with supplementary features such as a T-strap or increased contact area ...
Oliver M H MH Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2007
The incidence of prematurity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been increasing in both the developed and developing world. Increasing numbers of human studies suggest that these serious health outcomes may have developmental origins originating from nutritional deficits in the periconceptional period, with maternal nutrition around the time of conception now ...
Hashiba Mitsuo M Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2007
An electro-larynx is one of speech-substitute devices for patients who have lost laryngeal function. Unfortunately, the voices produced by a conventional electro-larynx are completely flat, unlike a human voice. In order to improve it, we developed a pitch-controlled electro-larynx that allows patients to control a voice intonation using their exhalation. ...
Lipsky S - - 2008
Due to the genetic determination of susceptibility to scrapie and other forms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) in sheep breeding to the less susceptible prion protein (PrP) genotype ARR/ARR was advanced within EU. In 4961 ewes of nine German sheep breeds (Coburg Fox sheep, Gray Horned Heath sheep, Merinoland sheep, ...
Bernhardt Kathie A - - 2006
Stance control knee orthoses (SCOs) have become very popular recently. However, there is little information regarding opinions of actual orthosis users. The purpose of this study was to quantify the users' opinions of a SCO, and see whether factors found important for knee orthoses in past studies hold true for ...
Bennet L - - 2007
Moderate cerebral hypothermia is consistently neuroprotective after experimental hypoxia-ischemia; however, its mechanisms remain poorly defined. Using a model of complete umbilical cord occlusion for 25 min in 0.7 gestation fetal sheep, we examined the effects of cerebral hypothermia (fetal extradural temperature reduced from 39.5 +/- 0.2 degrees C to <34 ...
Stockx Elaine M - - 2007
The fetal sheep has been used to investigate a wide range of developmental and pathological processes such as the effect of severe hypoxia, asphyxia, or intrauterine infection on the brain but, until now, there has been no complete description of the normal anatomical organisation of neuronal groups to facilitate interpretation ...
DiLorenzo N - - 2006
Three experiments with factorial arrangements of treatments were designed to test the efficacy of avian-derived polyclonal antibody preparations (PAP) against Streptococcus bovis (PAP-Sb) or Fusobacterium necrophorum (PAP-Fn) in reducing ruminal counts of target bacteria in beef steers supplemented or not with feed additives (300 mg of monensin/d and 90 mg ...
Back Stephen A - - 2006
Periventricular white-matter injury is the major form of brain injury associated with prematurity and the leading cause of cerebral palsy in survivors of premature birth. Progress in understanding the pathogenesis of periventricular white-matter injury requires the development of animal models that are relevant to the unique physiology of the preterm ...
Snibson Kenneth J - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of preterm birth per se on airway function in adult sheep. Preterm birth was induced at approximately 0.89 of term. At approximately 1 year of age the authors measured pulmonary resistance (RL) and airway responsiveness before and after house dust ...
O'Rourke Nollag - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decade, laparoscopic procedures have become increasingly popular owing to decreased morbidity and convalescence compared with open procedures. The purpose of this review is to evaluate recent literature on laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy and make recommendations for anesthesia based on understanding of physiology of carbon ...
Zhang Hongying - - 2006
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in the regulation of uterine artery contractility and its adaptation to pregnancy. The present study tested the hypothesis that PKC differentially regulates alpha(1)-adrenoceptor-mediated contractions of uterine arteries isolated from nonpregnant (NPUA) and near-term pregnant (PUA) sheep. Phenylephrine-induced contractions of NPUA and PUA ...
Krohn Thomas C - - 2006
The reduction and control of allergens in the animal facility is important for staff working with laboratory animals. This study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of perforated Makrolon curtains in front of racks as a method to reduce the amount of allergen in the animal room. The experimental situation ...
Kolar Lucija - - 2006
We studied abamectin and doramectin excretion and their degradation in sheep faeces under field conditions on pasture after a single subcutaneous dose (0.2mg/kg body weight). In the excretion experiment, maximal abamectin concentration (1277 ng/g dry faeces) was detected on day 3, while doramectin concentration showed two peaks (2186 and 1780 ...
von Koch Cornelia S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine how closely the surgically induced sheep myelomeningocele (MMC) model resembles the central nervous system derangements seen in human disease, and identify which aspects of MMC are the result of the early neuronal developmental defect, and which are secondary to the cerebrospinal ...
Evans Darren M - - 2005
Livestock grazing is a major driver of ecosystem change, and has been associated with significant declines in various bird species worldwide. In Britain, there is particular concern that severe grazing pressure is deleteriously affecting vegetation and birds in upland regions. However, the mechanism by which grazing affects birds is unclear. ...
Bergman Gerald - - 2005
The Ancon breed of sheep provided, for decades, a critical support for the existence of major evolutionary changes or jumps called "sports." Putative examples of sports have been used as evidence of rapid macroevolution since Darwin first discussed the Ancon sheep mutation in 1859. Ancon sheep had very short legs ...
McClaine Rebecca J - - 2005
Anesthetic exposure during pregnancy is viewed as a relatively routine medical practice. However, recent rodent studies have suggested that common anesthetic agents can damage the developing brain. Here we assessed this claim in a higher order species by exposing previously instrumented near-term pregnant sheep at gestational day 122 (+/-1) to ...
Cockcroft P D - - 2006
There were 574 scrapie positive suspects (histopathological scrapie lesions present) and 198 scrapie negative suspects (histopathological scrapie lesions absent). The greatest number of scrapie cases were recorded in sheep of 2, 3 and 4 years of age which represented 17%, 36% and 23% of the scrapie positive suspects, respectively. The ...
Boos A - - 2005
Osteological characteristics are often used to identify animal species. In this regard it is believed that the corpus fibulae of the sheep is represented by a tight cord of connective tissue--the so-called "ligamentum fibulare". The results of the present morphometric study indicate, however, that in 67% of the fetuses, 61% ...
Steen Harald - - 2005
Inter-specific competition, facilitation and predation influence herbivore assemblages, but no study has experimentally explored the interactions between large ungulates and small rodents. In a fully replicated, landscape scale experiment, we manipulated densities of domestic sheep in mountain pastures in Norway. We then determined population growth and densities of rodents by ...
McMillen I Caroline - - 2005
There is evidence that changes in perinatal nutrition programme the development of relative fat mass and the regulation of appetite in adult life. These studies have been primarily in the rodent utilizing maternal overnutrition or undernutrition imposed at different stages of pregnancy and beyond, mapping of neuropeptide localization and activity ...
Rahman Abu Nasar Md Aminoor - - 2004
Successful implantation is a highly coordinated process involving changes in cytokines, adhesion molecules, hormones, enzymes and growth factors. This study examines the expression of key cytokines and vascular surface molecules in the pregnant uterus of sheep around the time of implantation. Uterine tissues and uterine washings were collected from non-pregnant ...
Joyce Margaret M - - 2005
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is a ubiquitin homolog expressed in uteri of ruminants in response to interferon (IFN)-tau and is also induced during pregnancy in the uteri of mice, pigs, humans, and baboons. This study examined expression of ISG15 and its conjugation to target proteins in the ovine uterus beyond ...
McMillen I C - - 2004
Exposure to either an increased or decreased level of intrauterine nutrition can result in an increase in adiposity and in circulating leptin concentrations in later life. In animals such as the sheep and pig in which fat is deposited before birth, leptin is synthesised in fetal adipose tissue and is ...
Healy Anne M - - 2004
We did a case-control study of the association of several animal, flock and management factors with scrapie in Irish sheep flocks. The characteristics of 61 sheep flocks with at least one laboratory-confirmed case of scrapie (1990-1998) were compared to 61 flocks with no history of scrapie and matched by geographical ...
Clutton-Brock T H - - 2004
Grazing by hill sheep and red deer prevents the regeneration of woodland in many parts of the Scottish Highlands and has also led to extensive loss of heather cover. Conservation bodies claim that there has been a rapid rise in Highland deer numbers caused by inadequate management and that these ...
Uzal F A - - 2004
Clostridium perfringens produces disease in sheep, goats and other animal species, most of which are generically called enterotoxemias. This micro-organism can be a normal inhabitant of the intestine of most animal species including humans, but when the intestinal environment is altered by sudden changes in diet or other factors, C. ...
Denda Tetsuo - - 2004
The cytogeographical structures of Ixeris nakazonei, a putative hybrid between I. debilis (6x) and I. repens (2x), were investigated in the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. In the Ryukyus, I. debilis occurs on Miyakojima Island of the southern Ryukyus and northward, while I. repens occurs on all islands except for Iriomotejima ...
Reznikov A G - - 2004
Developmental changes in immunohistochemical localization of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) in fetal and newborn sheep tissues were studied. Tissue samples have been harvested at days 63-64, 100-103, 125-128 and 142-144 of gestation or 2 postnatal days. In the liver, immunoreactive CBG (irCBG) has been identified in hepatocytes. The intensity of CBG ...
Ferrahi Mohammed Issam - - 2004
The polycondensation of tetrahydrofuran with maleic anhydride catalyzed by Maghnite-H+ (Mag-H) was investigated. Maghnite is a montmorillonite sheet silicate clay that is exchanged with protons to produce Maghnite-H [1]. It was found that the polymerization in bulk is initiated by Mag-H in the presence of acetic anhydride at 40 degrees ...
Bella Simone Dalla - - 2003
Eight adults with a music-specific learning disability (i.e., tone deafness, but we prefer the term "congenital amusia") were asked to tap along with music (e.g., Ravel's Bolero) and with nonmusical isochronous sequences (i.e., noise bursts). The amusic persons' tapping performance was poorly synchronized with music compared to that of nine ...
Poindron Pascal - - 2003
Mother sheep and goats develop an early bond with their neonate on the basis of olfactory recognition. We investigated whether goats were also able to show early (<24 hr postpartum) nonolfactory discrimination of their kids, as already reported in sheep. In a first experiment, we found that goats are not ...
David A L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To access the fetal airways percutaneously using ultrasound-guided injection of the fetal trachea in sheep. METHODS: Adenoviral gene therapy vectors and transduction-enhancing agents were delivered to the trachea via a needle inserted through the thorax or the neck of late-gestation (0.9 term, n = 3) or mid-gestation (0.5-0.8 term, ...
Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from current techniques for temporary fetoscopic tracheal occlusion, we tried to develop a percutaneous fetoscopic technique in sheep. METHODS: In nine ewes between 77 and 128 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was positioned and the feasibility of ...
Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from open fetal surgery for prenatal coverage of fetal myelomeningoceles in humans, we assessed the feasibility of a percutaneous fetoscopic approach in sheep. METHODS: In seven ewes between 90 and 100 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was ...
Weiner Matthew A - - 2003
We identified a tri-cistronic operon, gerH, in Bacillus anthracis that is important for endospore germination triggered by two distinct germination response pathways termed inosine-His and purine-Ala. Together, the two pathways allow B. anthracis endospores a broader recognition of purines and amino acids that may be important for host-mediated germination.
Dittmar K - - 2003
During an excavation of a site of the corded ware culture in the Saale-Unstrut-Valley (ca. 3000 BC) in Germany, a soil sample from the pelvis of a human skeleton was studied under palaeoparasitological aspects. Eggs of the trematode Fasciola hepatica and of the nematode genus Capillaria were found. This is ...
Meintjes T - - 2002
A single Merino sheep, artificially infested with the sheep scab mite, Psoroptes ovis, and a similarly infested Dorper sheep were placed with 9 uninfested Merino or 9 uninfested Dorper sheep respectively during winter and the rate of spread of infestation on the uninfested sheep observed. The same procedure was repeated ...
Johnson E H - - 2002
Haemoglobin (Hb) types were studied in three breeds of Omani goats, Batinah (n = 22), Jebel Akhdar (n = 27) and Dhofari (n = 85). Type A was the only adult Hb observed in adult Batinah and Jebel Akhdar goats. In contrast, only 34% of the Dhofari goats were homozygous ...
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