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Magness R R - - 1996
Uterine vasculature is less responsive than systemic vasculature to angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that pregnancy augments basal and ANG II-stimulated endothelial prostacyclin (PGI2) and/or nitric oxide (NO) production, which locally increase vascular smooth muscle (VSM) adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), respectively. Uterine (UA) ...
Allen G T - - 1996
Three bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), and two coyotes (Canis latrans) found in a field in north-central Kansas (USA) in December 1992 were poisoned by flowable carbofuran (Furadan 4F) placed on sheep (Ovis aries) carcasses to kill coyotes. The carbofuran was placed on the carcasses in ...
Zhu D - - 1996
Ovine interferon-tau (OvIFN-tau) is a trophectoderm secretory protein responsible for maintenance of corpus luteum function during early pregnancy. Methods for its quantitation include an antiviral assay and radioimmunoassay (RIA), both of which have disadvantages. We therefore developed an ELISA for OvIFN-tau that is specific, rapid, and 40-fold more sensitive than ...
Mazursky J E - - 1996
The present studies were designed to assess the contribution of onset of respiration, separation from the placenta, and a decrease in environmental temperature on the increase in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) that occurs at birth. In the first series of experiments, heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), ...
Savio E - - 1995
Specific anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies were analyzed by latex agglutination during the 5 months of pregnancy in the serum of sheep from two flocks in the Uruguayan north-west: one flock (79 sheep) kept under an intensive management system and the other (494 sheep) kept under an extensive management system. Titers obtained ...
Bö L - - 1995
Quaking is an autosomal recessive hypo/dysmyelinating mutant mouse which has a 1-Mbp deletion on chromosome 17. The mutation exhibits pleiotrophy and does not include genes encoding characterized myelin proteins. The levels of the 67-kD isoform of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (S-MAG) relative to those of the 72-kD isoform (L-MAG) are increased ...
Jones S L - - 1995
A 5-year-old caprine doe was examined for abdominal enlargement and inability to stand. Hydrops uteri was diagnosed via ultrasonography, and was determined to be the cause of hind limb paresis. The placentomes appeared to be abnormal in shape and number. Uterine fluid electrolyte concentrations were similar to fluid from cows ...
Robinson S R - - 1995
Fetal sheep were surgically prepared on Days 113-114 of gestation with an array of chronic instruments for recording electromyographic data (EMG) in oral--facial, axial, and limb muscles and heart rate (FHR). Fetuses also were fitted with an intraoral catheter for infusion of chemosensory fluids (isotonic saline, quinine, colostrum, sucrose) onto ...
Louw J P - - 1995
Throughout a survey from 1991 to 1993 in the Highveld region of Eastern Transvaal, levamisole sales dominated in the sheep anthelmintic market. The macrocyclic lactone sales dominated in the cattle anthelmintic market, but were superseded by those of levamisole in 1993. The salicylanilides enjoyed the second highest demand in the ...
Javeshghani D - - 1995
Previous studies of the atrial stretch-atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) relationship during pregnancy have employed volume expansion and measured only right atrial pressure (RAP). Consequently, we studied nonpregnant (n = 7) and 115- to 125-day pregnant (n = 7) sheep and assessed the ANF response to changes of RAP and left ...
McDonald T J - - 1995
Immunocytochemical distribution of calbindin-D28K was examined in the brains of fetal sheep at 100-105 and 120-125 days of gestation (dGA) and at term in labor (term approximately 150 dGA) and compared to adult sheep. Brains were perfused, cut frozen and immunostained as freely floating sections with a polyclonal anti-calbindin-D28K antibody. ...
Dorny P - - 1995
Faecal egg counts were used to study patterns of trichostrongyle infections in sheep and goats according to season, age, pregnancy and lactation on traditional farms in west Malaysia. Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus spp. were the most important strongyles in sheep and in goats, H. contortus, Trichostrongylus spp. and Oesophagostomum spp. ...
Flint A P - - 1995
Ruminant and non-ruminant members of the Artiodactyla appear to use different mechanisms for the maternal recognition of pregnancy. In ruminants, the trophoblast of the developing blastocyst produces a characteristic Type I interferon of the interferon-tau family; this acts by blocking endometrial synthesis of the oxytocin receptor. A similar mechanism applies ...
Constandil L - - 1995
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a circadian oscillator in mammals and shows day-night changes in metabolic activity. To investigate whether the fetal sheep SCN behaves as a circadian oscillator, day-night changes in c-fos expression, a marker of neuronal activity, were measured. Eight fetal sheep were sacrificed at 135 days gestation--four ...
Kaske M - - 1994
The objective of the study was (a) to compare sonographically the sequence of reticular contractions between grass and roughage eaters (cows, sheep) and intermediate feeders (goats) and (b) to check whether sonography may be useful for the investigation of cattle with a history of traumatic reticulo-peritonitis (TRP). All animals were ...
Ross W B - - 1994
Cryoablation is used to treat inoperable hepatic malignancy. We investigated the safety of cryoablation close to the inferior vena cava. Our sheep model showed that it was impossible to create an iceball around the inferior vena cava (IVC) unless this vessel was clamped. When subsequently the IVC was clamped and ...
Hammerstad J P - - 1994
The pharmacokinetics of the clinically determined optimal dose of controlled release levodopa/carbidopa 25/100 (Sinemet CR 25/100) after 12 weeks of therapy was studied in nine parkinsonian patients without prior exposure to levodopa. The pharmacokinetics of single oral doses of controlled release levodopa/carbidopa 25/100 and 50/200 were also compared. As predicted ...
Papp J R - - 1994
Chlamydia psittaci serovar 1 infection in pregnant sheep typically causes abortion or the birth of weak lambs. Eight sheep that experienced chlamydia-induced abortion during their first pregnancy were successfully rebred yearly for the past 2 years. Chlamydia-specific lipopolysaccharide was detectable for approximately 3 weeks in vaginal swabs taken from the ...
Griffiths S K - - 1994
The auditory brainstem response (ABR) was recorded in utero from chronically instrumented fetal sheep prior to and following exposure of pregnant ewes to intense broadband noise (120 dB SPL for 16 h). ABRs were elicited by clicks and tone bursts (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) delivered through a bone ...
Waller P J - - 1994
Following in vitro screening investigations on approximately 100 nematophagous fungi reported previously, eight species were selected for further investigation. Fungal elements (mycelium and conidia) were subjected to in vitro stress selection designed to simulate rumen and abomasal conditions. From these studies, three species, namely, Arthrobotrys oligospora, Arthrobotrys oviformis and Geniculifera ...
Hoshi M - - 1993
Porphyromonas gingivalis no. 381 and ATCC 33277 produced an extracellular hemolytic toxin which was heat-labile, trypsin-sensitive, and lytic to human, horse, sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. The hemolytic toxin is a 'hot-cold', thiol-independent toxin. The production of the hemolytic toxin was greatly enhanced by addition of hemoglobin to the culture medium.
Hewicker-Trautwein M - - 1993
The topographical distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), vimentin, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurofilament (NF) proteins in the developing neocortex and cerebellum of sheep fetuses of different gestational ages (60-149 days) was described. For comparison, brain tissues from a lamb and two adult sheep were included in this study. ...
Gustafson R A - - 1993
Six hybrid pregnancies were established: three in sheep-goat chimaeras, one in a sheep-(sheep-goat)hybrid chimaera and two in does. Pregnancies were monitored weekly by ultrasonography and peripheral concentrations of pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) were measured. Placental development as detected by ultrasonography appeared to be slower in hybrid-in-goat pregnancies than in ...
Franco A - - 1993
Histomorphometric and scanning electron microscopic analyses were performed on 74 embryos and fetuses and 20 sheep (early postnatal to adult age). Histologic differentiation of the omasum took place at 33 days of fetal life, with the appearance of first-order laminae. Second-, third-, and fourth-order laminae appeared at 39, 50, and ...
Nasution A R - - 1993
We assessed the prevalence of HLA-B27 among ethnic Indonesian and Indonesian Chinese patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) or related spondyloarthropathies, and also among healthy controls. HLA-B27 was found in 23 (62.2%) of 37 Chinese patients and 4% of 176 Chinese healthy controls (p < 0.001). In contrasts only 2 (8.3%) ...
Read M - - 1993
The nature and developmental profile of pancreatic gastrin and somatostatin were determined in the ovine fetus, a model considered relevant to human development. Gastrin and somatostatin peptide and mRNA were examined in the pancreas of fetal sheep at 80, 105, 125 and 140 days gestation (term: 145 days), 15-day-old lambs ...
Hove K - - 1993
A sustained release bolus with the cesium binder ammoniumiron(III)-hexacyanoferrate (AFCF) has been developed as a countermeasure for small ruminants grazing pastures contaminated by radiocesium (134Cs+137Cs). The boli (40-50 g) are produced by compression of a mixture of AFCF, barite and wax. The release of AFCF from boli labelled with 137Cs-iron-hexacyanoferrate ...
Zanjani E D - - 1993
Erythropoiesis in the fetus is controlled by erythropoietin (Ep). To determine the role of maternal Ep in this process, we used catheterized preparations of sheep and monkey fetuses to assess the ability of Ep administered to the mother to cross the placental barrier into the fetus. Ep was injected into ...
Glynn T - - 1993
Benign footrot was studied in 1 1/2-years-old Merinos on 2 farms in central Victoria from September 1987 to August 1990, inclusive. Treatment groups of 100 sheep grazed together with the remaining untreated sheep. Inspections were carried out every 3 weeks during the spring transmission period until the number of lesions ...
Ruark R R - - 1992
Appealing denied claims involves time, energy, and a determination to preserve the Medicare rights of both the provider and patient. But the reasons for taking Medicare claims to court far outweigh any excuses for not doing so. And given the capricious and arbitrary decisions of some intermediaries, corporate survival may ...
Owiny J R - - 1992
Currently there is considerable interest in the actions of oxytocin antagonists on the pregnant myometrium. Few studies have been conducted involving long-term infusions of oxytocin antagonists to late-pregnant experimental animals. We set out to determine whether continuous infusion of an oxytocin antagonist ([1-beta-mercapto(beta-(CH2)5)1(OMe)Tyr2,Orn8]-oxytocin) would influence basal levels of myometrial activity ...
Scroop G C - - 1992
The present study examined the roles of the renin-angiotensin and autonomic nervous systems in cardiovascular homeostasis during slow progressive haemorrhage (20% of measured blood volume over 1h) in fetal (128-132 and 143-148 days gestation) and neonatal (5-9 and 12-20 days post-natal) sheep. Basal plasma renin activity (PRA) was not significantly ...
Jeffrey M - - 1992
The neuropathology and biochemical features of 17 sheep with clinical signs and gross necropsy features of naturally occurring pregnancy toxemia were retrospectively evaluated. The sheep ranged in age from 3 to 6 years and were of seven different breeds and three breed crosses. Thirteen sheep (case Nos. 1-4, 6-9, 11-14, ...
Eichacker L - - 1992
Accumulation of plastid-encoded chlorophyll apoproteins and chlorophyll synthesis are controlled by light in angiosperms. An in vitro system utilizing isolated and lysed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) etioplasts revealed the specific accumulation of P700, CP47, CP43 and D2 triggered by de novo synthesis of chlorophyll. Accumulation rates of radiolabelled chlorophyll apoproteins ...
MacLaren L A - - 1992
These studies compared inter- and intraspecific placentae during implantation and at full-term in sheep, goats and interspecific sheep-goat chimaeras. Histological sections prepared from intra- and interspecific day-26, 32 and 36 placentae in ewes and does indicated an altered ability of the trophoblast to invade the maternal caruncle in interspecific pregnancies. ...
Williams A F - - 1992
Use of seatbelts in late model cars with automatic or manual belt systems was observed in suburban Washington, DC, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia. In cars with automatic two-point belt systems, the use of shoulder belts by drivers was substantially higher than in the same model cars with manual three-point ...
Kaney S - - 1992
Subjects suffering from persecutory delusions, psychiatric controls and normal subjects were required to recall immediately six passages of prose, half of which contained mildly threatening propositions. Deluded subjects recalled fewer propositions overall but more propositions of specifically threatening content. These findings suggest that the role of recall bias in persecutory ...
Dworski R - - 1992
We determined the effect of a novel inhibitor of thromboxane synthase, DP1904, on the baseline and allergen stimulated release of eicosanoids into the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of sheep. DP1904 was effective in reducing the baseline and allergen stimulated production of TXB2. Inhibition of thromboxane synthase was associated with an increase ...
Schlumpf R - - 1991
The delayed contralateral nephrectomy procedure (three-step) produced inconsistent results, indicating that the preserved autotransplanted kidney tends to remain unfunctional and to regenerate incompletely unless the demand for work is placed upon it. Omission of HES in UW (UW-plain) did not affect preservation success, but resulted in increased graft edema. Substitution ...
Mitrová E - - 1991
Epidemic-like occurrence of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was observed in 1987 in Slovakia (Orava). Search for the cause of CJD focus indicated a coincidence of genetic and environmental risks in clustering patients. Since Spongiform Encephalopathies might be transmitted orally, (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), the possibility of zoonotic source of CJD cases in Orava ...
Bazer F W - - 1991
In summary, Type I conceptus interferons of sheep, cows, and goats (perhaps all ruminants), which signal maternal recognition of pregnancy, may be useful for enhancing fertility in animal agriculture and may have a role in human and veterinary medicine as well. The Type I conceptus interferons share antiviral, anticellular, and ...
Kimberling C V - - 1990
All cases of foot rot, whether acute, chronic, benign, or inapparent, must be identified. If the outbreak is severe and production losses warrant, each foot of each animal must be examined thoroughly. Proper handling facilities and equipment, adequate light, and dry working conditions are needed to properly examine each foot. ...
Buckrell B C - - 1990
Over a 3-year period, 32 Dall's sheep (Ovis dalli dalli) embryos were transferred into 24 domestic sheep (O. aries) recipients and 4 were transferred into 2 Dall's sheep recipients. In the first year, none of the 10 O. aries recipients was diagnosed pregnant. In the following 2 years, 9 (37%) ...
Oyediji G O - - 1990
Sil-estrus implants, Veramix sponges and PGF2alpha were successfully used to synchronize estrus in normocyclic West African dwarf sheep. The intervals from end of treatment to onset of observable estrus in the three groups of treatment were 42.33+/-1.99, 77.67+/-15.20 and 41.62+/-2.23 h respectively, for Sil-estrus, Veramix sponges and PGF2alpha (P>0.05). Of ...
McMillen I C - - 1990
We have investigated the effect of bilateral adrenalectomy at 116-119 days' gestation on the levels of the messenger (m) RNA for proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the anterior pituitary of the fetal sheep and in the ovine placentome during late gestation (134-136 days' gestation). After fetal adrenalectomy there was a significant (p ...
Hamon M H - - 1990
Steroid hormone concentrations have been measured in the peripheral plasma of 3 Barbary sheep over 3 breeding seasons. During pregnancy mean progesterone values rose initially and after a small decline between Days 30 and 50, increased again and remained between 17 and 28 nmol/l until the last 2 days of ...
Shelton J N - - 1990
Research into physiology and embryology has provided a basis for the development of technologies that increase productivity of farm animals through enhanced control of reproductive function. Progestagens, alone or in combination with luteolysins, are used to control the time of oestrus in cattle, sheep and pigs, thus permitting better use ...
Caton D - - 1990
Patterns of variation in progestin concentrations were studied in pregnant sheep during the last half of gestation. In three sets of experiments, blood was drawn daily or every 4 h for 24 h or every 10 min for 8 h. Peripheral arterial concentration of progestin was examined for 'peaks' using ...
Sadler J P - - 1990
During recent archaeological excavations in Viking Greenland, specimens of the human flea, Pulex irritans L., and the body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., were recovered from several farmsteads. Bovicola ovis (Schrank) and the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (L.), also were found in associated deposits. The specimens were dated from about ...
Paynter J A - - 1990
The concentrations of zinc, copper, metallothionein and metallothionein-Ia mRNA in sheep livers during development was determined. It was found that early sheep foetuses (30-40 days gestation) had very high concentrations of hepatic zinc (2305 +/- 814 micrograms/g dry mass), and that these levels declined steadily to 644 +/- 304 micrograms/g ...
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