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Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from current techniques for temporary fetoscopic tracheal occlusion, we tried to develop a percutaneous fetoscopic technique in sheep. METHODS: In nine ewes between 77 and 128 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was positioned and the feasibility of ...
Kohl T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to minimize maternal trauma from open fetal surgery for prenatal coverage of fetal myelomeningoceles in humans, we assessed the feasibility of a percutaneous fetoscopic approach in sheep. METHODS: In seven ewes between 90 and 100 days of gestation, the amniotic cavity was entered percutaneously. Each fetus was ...
Weiner Matthew A - - 2003
We identified a tri-cistronic operon, gerH, in Bacillus anthracis that is important for endospore germination triggered by two distinct germination response pathways termed inosine-His and purine-Ala. Together, the two pathways allow B. anthracis endospores a broader recognition of purines and amino acids that may be important for host-mediated germination.
Dittmar K - - 2003
During an excavation of a site of the corded ware culture in the Saale-Unstrut-Valley (ca. 3000 BC) in Germany, a soil sample from the pelvis of a human skeleton was studied under palaeoparasitological aspects. Eggs of the trematode Fasciola hepatica and of the nematode genus Capillaria were found. This is ...
Meintjes T - - 2002
A single Merino sheep, artificially infested with the sheep scab mite, Psoroptes ovis, and a similarly infested Dorper sheep were placed with 9 uninfested Merino or 9 uninfested Dorper sheep respectively during winter and the rate of spread of infestation on the uninfested sheep observed. The same procedure was repeated ...
Johnson E H - - 2002
Haemoglobin (Hb) types were studied in three breeds of Omani goats, Batinah (n = 22), Jebel Akhdar (n = 27) and Dhofari (n = 85). Type A was the only adult Hb observed in adult Batinah and Jebel Akhdar goats. In contrast, only 34% of the Dhofari goats were homozygous ...
Gauly M - - 2002
Genetic parameters of natural resistance were estimated in Rhön and Merinoland (German Merino) sheep following experimental infection with Haemonchus contortus. A total of 133 Rhön and 244 Merinoland lambs descending from 5 and 6 rams, respectively, were evaluated. Each helminth-naive lamb was orally infected with 5000 infective third-stage larvae (L(3)) ...
Hunter P - - 2002
A 5-fluorouracil mutagenised Rift Valley fever virus strain, which was shown to be attenuated and immunogenic in cattle and sheep, was evaluated for its ability to cause teratogenic effects in pregnant sheep. A group of 50 sheep at various stages of pregnancy was inoculated with the virus and the pregnancies ...
Yuan Hongchang - - 2002
The control of schistosomiasis has been spectacularly successful in terms of controlling endemicity and severity of the disease during the last 50 years. It can be categorized into two stages. From 1955 through 1980, the transmission-control strategy had been widely and successfully carried out. By the end of 1980, the ...
Loi P - - 2001
Since the advent of procedures for cloning animals, conservation biologists have proposed using this technology to preserve endangered mammals. Here we report the successful cloning of a wild endangered animal, Ovis orientalis musimon, using oocytes collected from a closely related, domesticated species, Ovis aries. We injected enucleated sheep oocytes with ...
Fujii E - - 2001
Fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate (FBP) has a neuroprotective effect in neonatal and adult rats. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of FBP on hippocampal neuronal damage in fetal sheep asphyxiated by 10 min of complete umbilical cord occlusion. Thirteen fetal sheep at 124 days of gestation were surgically ...
Nietfeld J C - - 2001
Chlamydophila abortus (formerly Chlamydia psittaci) is one of the most important causes of reproductive failure in sheep and goats, especially in intensively managed flocks. The disease is usually manifested as abortion in the last 2 to 3 weeks of gestation, regardless of when the animal was infected. Ewes that abort ...
Wolf R B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to produce a condition analogous to alloimmune hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn by infusing antierythrocyte antibodies in fetal sheep. METHODS: Antierythrocyte antibodies were infused intravascularly into late-gestation ovine fetuses over a 10-day period. Fetal blood was sampled daily for complete blood cell counts, blood ...
Jelinek P D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on ovine footrot of repeated daily footbathing in a solution of zinc sulphate with surfactant. DESIGN: Merino sheep were allocated to control and treatment groups of 119 sheep each at week 0. The sheep had a history of S1, U1, T and/or U6 types of ...
Oppenheim S M - - 2001
The failure of interspecies and hybrid pregnancies between the domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra hircus) is not completely understood. The sheep-goat hematopoietic chimera is a unique model for studying the role of the maternal immune response in failure of interspecies and hybrid pregnancies between these species. Hematopoietic chimeras ...
Ward M P - - 2001
The use of a time-space scan statistic--defined by a cylindrical window with a circular geographic base and height corresponding to time--was investigated as a method of detecting clustering in veterinary epidemiology whilst controlling confounding. The example data set consisted of farmer-recorded occurrence of body strike and breech strike between August ...
Innes E A - - 2001
Sheep immunized with Toxoplasma gondii (Toxovax) prior to pregnancy were tested for their ability to withstand a challenge at 90 days gestation with 107 Neospora caninum (NC1) tachyzoites. The antibody responses in sheep following immunization with T. gondii were specific for T. gondii whereas peripheral blood mononuclear cells responded to ...
Sanborn B M - - 2001
The regulation of myometrial contraction is of paramount importance for the maintenance of pregnancy and for parturition. Understanding this regulation involves delineating the pathways that control myometrial contraction and relaxation and defining the regulation of these pathways. The pathways can be broken down further into those signalling cascades controlling the ...
Rivero R - - 2001
Outbreaks of Anagallis arvensis poisoning were observed from 1994 to 1998 in cattle and sheep in Uruguay during December and January. Cattle morbidity varied between 3.2 and 53.2% and lethality 42.6 and 100%. Sheep morbidity was 2.8 to 42.9% and lethality 81.3 to 100%. Nine outbreaks occurred on barley and ...
Berghorn K A - - 2000
Immunocytochemical technique and light microscopy were used to ascertain the relationship between vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and tyrosine hydroxylase in fetal sheep and fetal baboon adrenal cortices and medullae at 85% of gestation. VIP immunostaining was extremely robust in fetal sheep adrenal cortical neurofibers and cells while weak in fibers ...
Oppenheim S M - - 2000
Mammalian pregnancies are naturally allogeneic, but syngeneic pregnancies have been carried to term in laboratory animal species. The need for maternal immune recognition during mammalian pregnancy is still unclear. Allogeneic pregnancies are protected from maternal immune attack by the nature of the trophoblast and its interactions with maternal tissues at ...
Parvizi N - - 2000
For the past decade, neuroendocrinology, in general, and neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction, in particular, were strongly dominated by molecular genetics and molecular endocrinology. In very recent years, however, neuroendocrinology is taking back its place. Beyond doubt GnRH is the neuroendocrine signal for ovulation. But there are still many unexplored pathways ...
Krunic N - - 2000
We have previously shown in the sheep fetus at 0.7 and 0.9 gestation that the choroid plexus, unlike brain parenchyma, catabolizes prostaglandins (PGs). Peculiarly, in the choroid plexus, PGE(2) catabolism persists throughout the neonatal period to abate in the adult, while PGF(2alpha) catabolism abates shortly after birth. To explain this ...
Gow P J - - 2000
Using the isolated perfused neonatal sheep liver model, we examined the disposition of propranolol (n = 8, age 0.25-10 days) and compared our findings with our previous study from the perfused near-term fetal sheep liver (Ring JA, et al. 1995. Drug Metab Dispos 23:190-196). Within 45 min of dosage, perfusate ...
Harris A R - - 2000
Two isolates of binucleate Rhizoctonia spp., previously selected for efficacy in suppression of Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium spp., as well as plant growth promotion, were incorporated into various solid substrate formulations. These formulated products were assayed at three doses in three glass-house experiments for biocontrol of damping-off diseases in Capsicum ...
Panter K E - - 2000
The induction of cleft palate by Nicotiana glauca (wild tree tobacco) during the first trimester of pregnancy was compared between Spanish-type goats and crossbred western-type sheep. Cleft palate was induced in 100% of the embryonic/fetal goats when their pregnant mothers were gavaged with N. glauca plant material or with anabasine-rich ...
Greenberg S G - - 1999
The present study was designed to assess the dose-related effects of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on systemic, renal, and uterine hemodynamics in nonpregnant sheep and to evaluate how pregnancy might alter these responses. Nonpregnant and pregnant (110 +/- 5 days gestation) ewes were instrumented for conscious measurements of maternal mean arterial ...
Kohl T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Therapy-refractory supraventricular tachycardia commonly results in hydrops and death in human fetuses. The purpose of this study in fetal sheep was to assess the feasibility of a minimally invasive fetoscopic approach for fetal transesophageal electrocardiography and stimulation aimed at diagnosis and termination of these tachycardias. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Abu Zinada N Y - - 1999
Dicrocoelium dendriticum is a common liver fluke of sheep and other herbivorous animals. Examination of imported sheep showed 40% in Somalian sheep, 26% in Turkish and 2% in native breed sheep. The results were discussed with stress on epidemiology.
Gow P J - - 1999
We present a model for perfusion of the isolated perfused neonatal sheep liver which allows examination of drug disposition by the intact organ. We studied the disposition of sodium taurocholate (TC) in seven neonatal lambs (ages 2-11 days) and compared the results with earlier data from the perfused fetal sheep ...
Cook C J - - 1999
AIMS: As kappa(kappa)-opioids have marked effects on pain threshold in sheep during oestrus, late pregnancy and after birth, a study was undertaken to determine if kappa -opioids also had other roles during these states. METHODS: Opioid agonists (GR89696, DAMAGO) were administered into either the lateral hypothalamus (LH) or amygdala of ...
Caston-Balderrama A - - 1999
We hypothesized that neural structures, involved in sensing extracellular body fluid composition in adult animals during an osmotic challenge, would show similar patterns of activation in fetal sheep. Eight adult sheep [4 hypertonic saline-treated adults (HYP-A), 4 isotonic saline-treated adults] and six near-term fetal sheep [3 hypertonic saline-treated fetuses (HYP-F), ...
Manueli P R - - 1999
Approximately 2500 faecal samples were collected per rectum from sheep and goats from 26 farms located on four of the Fijian islands where most of the small ruminants in this country are raised. The purpose was to screen these samples to isolate nematode-trapping fungi that had been acquired by these ...
McDonald T J - - 1998
We hypothesized that the anterior circumventricular organs (ACVO) and the supraoptic (SON) and hypothalamic paraventricular nuclei (PVN), among other structures that play a role in sensing extracellular body fluid volume and composition in postnatal animals (as demonstrated by Fos protein production by the immediate-early gene c-fos), would show similar activation ...
Reynolds J D - - 1998
Pregnant sheep with a microdialysis probe implanted in the fetal cerebral cortex were used to determine if nitrate and nitrite anions (nitrate/nitrite) could be quantitated in the microdialysate as an indirect index of in vivo nitric oxide formation. Pregnant ewes (term, about 147 days) were surgically instrumented at gestational day ...
Henderson J L - - 1998
Fetal hypoxia is an important cause of neurologic morbidity and mortality. Hypoxia-induced increase in extracellular glutamate concentration can lead to excitotoxic neuronal death in adults. The objective of this study was to test whether chronic fetal hypoxemia increases extracellular glutamate concentration in the unanesthetized intact cerebral cortex of the near-term ...
Abrams R M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To measure the vibratory response of the fetal head and abdominal wall in sheep during vibroacoustic stimulation. METHODS: A piezoresistive accelerometer was attached to the skulls of seven sheep fetuses (128-134 days' gestational age), and a miniature hydrophone was attached to the skin overlying the fetal temporal bone. During ...
Clouet A S - - 1997
Considered as a xenobiotic for many years, 19-nortestosterone has been extensively studied. Analyses developed to control the illegal use of this steroid in meat-producing animals led researchers to demonstrate the endogenous presence of 19-nortestosterone in several species. In this paper, the natural occurrence of 19-nortestosterone in its alpha form (epinandrolone) ...
Houghton D C - - 1997
We investigated whether the fetal lamb can construct a photoperiodic history in utero. We measured the fetal PRL response to a 12-h photoperiod in intact fetal sheep and in fetal sheep after hypothalamo-pituitary disconnection (HPD), following exposure of the ewe to either a long (16 h L) or short (8 ...
Kingsford N M - - 1997
Fleece rot is an exudative bacterial dermatitis in sheep associated with and initiated by prolonged wetting of the skin. It is the major predisposing disease for flystrike (cutaneous myasis). Based on limited data in the literature, P. aeruginosa is considered to be the main causative organism of fleece rot. This ...
Lee F J - - 1996
Acetyl-CoA hydrolase, catalyzing the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA, is presumably involved in regulating the intracellular acetyl-CoA or CoASH pools. The yeast enzyme is encoded by ACHl (acetyl-CoA hydrolase) and the expression of ACH1 is repressed by glucose (Lee, F.-J.S., Lin, L.-W. and Smith, J.A. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 7413-7418). In ...
Magness R R - - 1996
Uterine vasculature is less responsive than systemic vasculature to angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that pregnancy augments basal and ANG II-stimulated endothelial prostacyclin (PGI2) and/or nitric oxide (NO) production, which locally increase vascular smooth muscle (VSM) adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), respectively. Uterine (UA) ...
Allen G T - - 1996
Three bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), and two coyotes (Canis latrans) found in a field in north-central Kansas (USA) in December 1992 were poisoned by flowable carbofuran (Furadan 4F) placed on sheep (Ovis aries) carcasses to kill coyotes. The carbofuran was placed on the carcasses in ...
Zhu D - - 1996
Ovine interferon-tau (OvIFN-tau) is a trophectoderm secretory protein responsible for maintenance of corpus luteum function during early pregnancy. Methods for its quantitation include an antiviral assay and radioimmunoassay (RIA), both of which have disadvantages. We therefore developed an ELISA for OvIFN-tau that is specific, rapid, and 40-fold more sensitive than ...
Mazursky J E - - 1996
The present studies were designed to assess the contribution of onset of respiration, separation from the placenta, and a decrease in environmental temperature on the increase in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) that occurs at birth. In the first series of experiments, heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), ...
Savio E - - 1995
Specific anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies were analyzed by latex agglutination during the 5 months of pregnancy in the serum of sheep from two flocks in the Uruguayan north-west: one flock (79 sheep) kept under an intensive management system and the other (494 sheep) kept under an extensive management system. Titers obtained ...
Bö L - - 1995
Quaking is an autosomal recessive hypo/dysmyelinating mutant mouse which has a 1-Mbp deletion on chromosome 17. The mutation exhibits pleiotrophy and does not include genes encoding characterized myelin proteins. The levels of the 67-kD isoform of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (S-MAG) relative to those of the 72-kD isoform (L-MAG) are increased ...
Jones S L - - 1995
A 5-year-old caprine doe was examined for abdominal enlargement and inability to stand. Hydrops uteri was diagnosed via ultrasonography, and was determined to be the cause of hind limb paresis. The placentomes appeared to be abnormal in shape and number. Uterine fluid electrolyte concentrations were similar to fluid from cows ...
Robinson S R - - 1995
Fetal sheep were surgically prepared on Days 113-114 of gestation with an array of chronic instruments for recording electromyographic data (EMG) in oral--facial, axial, and limb muscles and heart rate (FHR). Fetuses also were fitted with an intraoral catheter for infusion of chemosensory fluids (isotonic saline, quinine, colostrum, sucrose) onto ...
Louw J P - - 1995
Throughout a survey from 1991 to 1993 in the Highveld region of Eastern Transvaal, levamisole sales dominated in the sheep anthelmintic market. The macrocyclic lactone sales dominated in the cattle anthelmintic market, but were superseded by those of levamisole in 1993. The salicylanilides enjoyed the second highest demand in the ...
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