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Results 101 - 150 of 388
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Manegold-Brauer Gwendolin G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
The most important factor for the selection of an umbilical cord blood unit (CBU) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the total nucleated cell (TNC) count as a surrogate marker for stem cell content in the CBU. At present, about one in five donors can provide a CBU with a ...
Bosman Judith J Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Isala Clinics, Dr. van Heesweg 2, Zwolle, The - - 2014
Data about adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy are lacking. However, it is important to gain insight into adherence in this population to reduce perinatal risks for relapse of depression. The objective of this study was to search for an inexpensive and easy method to implement daily for assessing medication adherence ...
Stevens Madelyn N MN Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Hearing loss is known to occur in some pregnant women, but improvement in sensorineural thresholds has not been audiometrically characterized. Here, we describe a patient with a history of Ménière's disease and vestibular migraine who experienced temporary recovery of her hearing during pregnancy. Audiograms were obtained from a 31-year-old female ...
Garolla Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, Section of Clinical Pathology and Unit for Human Reproduction Pathology, University of Padova, - - 2014
This study evaluated the predictive power of spermatid count and cytology for assisted reproduction outcome after FSH therapy. A total of 174 men with severe oligozoospermia and normal plasma FSH concentration underwent semen analysis including spermatid count, TUNEL test, FISH analysis for sperm aneuploidies and testicular fine-needle aspiration cytology. Ninety-two ...
Akinbami A A AA Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, - - 2014
Immunity in pregnancy is physiologically compromised and this may affect cluster of differentiation four (CD4) count levels. It is well established that several factors affect CD4 count level in pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effects of maternal age, gestational age, parity and level of education as they influence ...
Evenson Kelly R KR Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, 137 East Franklin Street Suite 306, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, United - - 2014
Women attain numerous benefits from physical activity during pregnancy. However, due to physical changes that occur during pregnancy, special precautions are also needed. This review summarizes current guidelines for physical activity among pregnant women worldwide. We searched PubMed (MedLINE) for country-specific governmental and clinical guidelines on physical activity during pregnancy ...
Giugliano Emilio E Department of Morphology, Surgery, and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
To test the velocimetric pattern of the ovarian artery as a routine ovarian reserve test. We enrolled 317 consecutive patients from January 2011 to June 2012. At the second day of the menstrual cycle, a transvaginal ultrasound was performed to evaluate the antral follicle count and ovarian volume, and Doppler ...
Heffron Renee R *Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; †Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; ‡Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; §Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; ‖Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; ¶Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; #Department of Reproductive Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya; and **Departments of †Epidemiology and ††Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
In HIV-1-infected women, CD4 count declines occur during pregnancy, which has been attributed to hemodilution. However, for women who have not initiated antiretroviral therapy, it is unclear if CD4 declines are sustained beyond pregnancy and accompanied by increased viral levels, which could indicate an effect of pregnancy on accelerating HIV-1 ...
Kleppe M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bronovo Hospital, Den Haag, The - - 2014
In a descriptive retrospective cohort study, we determined the cumulative pregnancy rate for couples undergoing intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with at least one total motile sperm count (TMC) <1 million compared to couples with a TMC consistently >1 million. Eight hundred and ninety-five cycles in 273 couples were studied from 2006 to 2009. ...
Patabendige Malitha M University Obstetrics Unit, De Soysa Hospital for Women, Colombo, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
The HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count) occurs in about 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies. With occurrence of thrombocytopaenia, it signals for several potentially lethal conditions such as complete or partial HELLP syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. A previously healthy 27-year-old, ...
Mitima Kashosi T KT Université Evangélique en Afrique, Bukavu, DR Congo. - - 2014
Maternal vaginal colonization by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) has an important impact on neonatal health but has not been studied in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to determine its frequency and influencing factors. Vaginal samples (n = 509) for bacteriological analysis were collected from women ...
Xiao Jin-Song JS Reproductive Medicine Center, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of medicine, Shiyan City, Hubei Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of GnRH antagonist and GnRH agonist in supposed normal ovarian responders undergoing IVF. Data from 6 databases were retrieved for this study. The RCTs of GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist use during IVF-EF therapy for patients with supposed normal ovarian response were included. A ...
Whiteman Valerie E VE Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 2 Tampa General Circle, 6th Floor, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2014
Objective. To identify factors associated with opioid use during pregnancy and to compare perinatal morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs between opioid users and nonusers. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of pregnancy-related discharges from 1998 to 2009 using the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient database in the United States. We ...
Hansar Endris E College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, - - 2014
Manual and ultrasonic evaluation of the the reproductive organs of 62 dairy cows and heifers belonging to smallholder farms was conducted. The objective was to assess the efficiency of visual estrus detection method in the dairy animals that were presented for artificial insemination. Data were collected on reproductive status, body ...
Lohan Maria M School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland/Scotland, United - - 2014
The World Health Organisation, amongst others, recognises that adolescent men have a vital yet neglected role in reducing teenage pregnancies and that there is a pressing need for educational interventions designed especially for them. This study seeks to fill this gap by determining the feasibility of conducting an effectiveness trial ...
Groves Allison K AK Center on Health, Risk and Society, Department of Sociology, American University, Washington DC, United States of - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in South Africa. However, there is limited research on whether and how IPV changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period and on the factors that might affect women's risk during this time. In this study, we describe the mean trajectories ...
Dundas Ruth R MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
A substantial proportion of low birth weight is attributable to the mother's cultural and socioeconomic circumstances. Early childhood programmes have been widely developed to improve child outcomes. In the UK, the Health in Pregnancy (HiP) grant, a universal conditional cash transfer of £190, was introduced for women reaching the 25th ...
Sánchez-Aranguren Lissette C LC Translational Biomedical Research Group, Biotechnology, Innovation and Technology Development, Cardiovascular Foundation of Colombia Floridablanca, Colombia ; Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health, Universidad del Valle Cali, - - 2014
Preeclampsia (PE) is an often fatal pathology characterized by hypertension and proteinuria at the 20th week of gestation that affects 5-10% of the pregnancies. The problem is particularly important in developing countries in where the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is higher and maternal mortality rates are 20 times ...
Rose B I BI Infertility Solutions, P. C., 1275 South Cedar Crest Boulevard, Allentown, PA 18103, USA. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Luke's University Health Network, 801 Ostrum Street, Bethlehem, PA 18015, - - 2014
To compare the pregnancy rates with two different methods of priming for in vitro maturation cycles (IVM). Cycles using letrozole together with hCG were compared to cycles using FSH together with hCG in 75 cycles in patients being treated for infertility by IVM. Retrospective cohort non-inferiority trial Results: Using letrozole for ...
Tookey Pat P UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
During pregnancy, LPV/r is a common anchor drug employed to treat the mother's HIV-1 infection in addition to reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) conducts a comprehensive population-based surveillance of HIV infection in pregnant women exposed to antiretroviral therapy ...
Flanagan Stuart S Department of Sexual Health and HIV medicine, Homerton University Hospital, London, - - 2014
Introduction: Tenofovir is a commonly used component of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to reduce vertical transmission of HIV. Although systematic review of tenofovir use in pregnancy concluded it to be low risk for foetal abnormalities (1), data is limited on its impact on renal function in pregnant women. A recent South ...
Streatfield P Kim PK Matlab HDSS, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh; INDEPTH Network, Accra, - - 2014
Women continue to die in unacceptably large numbers around the world as a result of pregnancy, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Part of the problem is a lack of accurate, population-based information characterising the issues and informing solutions. Population surveillance sites, such as those operated within the INDEPTH Network, ...
Harris David E DE School of Nursing, University of Southern Maine, Portland, ME 04104, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to understand health and demographic trends among mothers and infants in Maine relative to the goals of Healthy People 2020. Pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data from Maine for 2000-2010 were used to determine yearly values of pregnancy-related variables. Means (for continuous variables) ...
Bazzano M M Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2013
Hemostasis is a physiological process that prevents excessive blood loss and represents a protective mechanism at the time of delivery. Peripartum hemorrhage is a recurring hazardous condition to mare's health; therefore, we aimed to study mares' hemostatic profile to investigate whether physiological adjustments occur during late pregnancy and early postpartum. ...
Bolten K K Klinik für Geburtsmedizin CCM, Charité, - - 2013
We report on a 28-year old primigravida who presented in the second trimester with sudden onset of bleeding tendencies and thrombocytopenia of 2/nL during the first manifestation of autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and steroids was initiated but could not prevent renewed bleeding incidents and recurrent thrombocytopenia ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2013
Fetal movement (FM) counting is a simple and widely used method of assessing fetal well-being. However, little is known about what women perceive as decreased fetal movement (DFM) and how maternally perceived DFM is reflected in FM charts. We analyzed FM counting data from 148 DFM events occurring in 137 ...
Lee Grace Y - - 2013
Fetal and newborn responding to audio-recordings of their father's versus mother's reading a story were examined. At home, fathers read a different story to the fetus each day for 7 days. Subsequently, in the laboratory, continuous fetal heart rate was recorded during a 9 min protocol, including three, 3 min periods: baseline ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Although it is not established whether fetal movement counting (FMC) reduces fetal death (1), a Norwegian study (2) found that after introduction of FMC the stillbirth rate fell by 30% in their study population of 46 000 singleton pregnancies and fell by 50% among the 3500 women from that group ...
Kamalifard Mahin M Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Pre-pregnancy care is considered as preventive medicine related to pregnancy and delivery. This Questionnaire based study upon 384 women in the first half of the pregnancy showedthe scope of pre-pregnancy care in the area of physical health was either weak (75%) or average (25%). All women declared that they had ...
Sainio S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical usefulness of maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody levels in predicting severe foetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT). BACKGROUND: Recent studies using an international anti-HPA-1a standard have shown a correlation between maternal antibody levels and neonatal thrombocytopenia. Cut-off values for identifying high-risk pregnancies have also been suggested. MATERIALS: In 1986-2010, ...
Khani Behnaz - - 2013
High level of semen reactive oxygen species is considered as an important factor in male infertility. Sesame has antioxidant properties, which could be effective on improvement of semen parameters. This study was designed to determine the effects of sesame on sperm quality. Twenty-five infertile men entered this clinical trial. They ...
McCaulley Jill A - - 2013
: Intravenous contrast-induced thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in pregnancy. : A 22-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, at 33 2/7 weeks of gestation presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and tachycardia. A computed tomography angiogram was pursued to evaluate for pulmonary embolus. During contrast infusion ...
Mikhaylova V A - - 2013
Monocyte migration from the peripheral blood to the uterine decidual tissue is essential for the regulation of placental development. We evaluated the phenotypical changes in the peripheral blood monocytes in pregnant women. The peripheral blood counts of monocytes expressing CD11b, CD47, and integrin β7 were elevated in women with normal ...
Jayashree R - - 2013
Yoga improves maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy. Platelet Count and Uric acid (Ua) are valuable screening measures in high-risk pregnancy. To examine the effect of yoga on platelet counts and serum Ua in high-risk pregnancy. This stratified randomized controlled trial, conducted by S-VYASA University at St. John's Medical College ...
Inocêncio Gonçalo - - 2013
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a very rare disease, especially during pregnancy. It is characterised by low platelet count and predominantly muco-cutaneous bleeding. There are many forms to monitor and treat these patients. Here, we present a case of a pregnant woman, with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, who was submitted to treatment ...
Ok Elvan Koyun EK Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, İzmir, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of post-wash total progressive motile sperm count (TPMSC) and semen volume on pregnancy outcomes in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. The retrospective study included a total of 156 cycles (141 couples) and was performed in our center over a 24-month period. ...
Tzur Tamar T Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. - - 2013
To examine whether an association exists between platelet (PLT) count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for hypertensive disorders or other obstetric complications. The study population included all registered births with available PLT count from the first trimester of pregnancy during 2000-2010. Thrombocytopenia was defined as PLT ...
Kianbakht Saeed - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of major and minor depression during pregnancy on the maternal and neonatal immunities. Methods: Peripheral venous blood from depressed women and cord venous blood from their neonates taken simultaneously and immediately after parturition were used. The serum levels of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA ...
Dwivedi P - - 2012
<strong> </strong> STo study the feto-maternal outcome in pregnancy with severe thrombocytopenia. <strong> </strong> It was an observational study involving 1150 pregnant women with term gestation in labour, who were screened for thrombocytopenia. Ninety-four subjects (8.17%) were found to have thrombocytopenia i.e. platelet count < 1,50,/000/mm3, out of which 47 ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether an association exists between maternal leukocyte count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for development of obstetric complications. METHODS: The study population included all the registered births (n = 33,866) with available white blood cell count (WBC) from the first trimester of pregnancy, during 2000-2010 ...
Parry Charles D H CD Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa ; Alcohol & Drug Abuse Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South - - 2012
Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) has been identified as among the most serious consequences associated with hazardous and harmful drinking in the Western Cape province, South Africa. Community surveys were conducted in two wine growing regions in this province to assess drinking behaviour, guide interventions and serve as a baseline for ...
Reinhard J J Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Frankfurt am - - 2012
This review discusses the alternative of using the non-invasive foetal ECG compared with the conventionally used Doppler CTG. Non-invasive abdominal electrocardiograms (ECG) have been approved for clinical routine since 2008; subsequently they were also approved for antepartum and subpartum procedures. The first study results have been published. Non-invasive foetal ECG ...
Amant Frédéric - - 2012
Breast cancer staging and treatment are possible during pregnancy, and should be defined in a multidisciplinary setting. Tumour biology, tumour stage, and gestational stage at diagnosis determine the appropriate approach. Surgery for breast cancer is possible during all trimesters of pregnancy. Radiotherapy is possible during pregnancy but, dependent on the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Fetal movement counting has long been suggested as a screening tool to identify impaired placental function. However, quantitative limits for decreased fetal movement perform poorly for screening purposes, indicating the need for methodological refinement. We aimed to identify the main individual temporal patterns in fetal movement counting charts, and explore ...
Olubajo Awobajo Funmileyi - - 2012
The impact of aqueous leaf extract of Hybanthus enneaspermus (HEaq) on pregnancy factors and litter survival was investigated in Sprague Dawley (SD) rat. Control group received distilled water while the test group received 2g/kg body weight of HEaq orally. Blood samples were collected on days one and twenty of pregnancy ...
O'Keane V - - 2011
Most women experience time-limited and specific mood changes in the days after birth known as the maternity blues (Blues). The maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis undergoes gradual changes during pregnancy because of an increasing production of placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). The abrupt withdrawal of placental CRH at birth results in a ...
Nikbakht Roshan R Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, - - 2011
The present study aimed to analyze the prognostic value of sperm morphology , total motile sperm count (TMSC) and the number of motile sperm inseminated (NMSI) on the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI). This cross sectional study was carried out 445 women undergoing 820 IUI cycles. All of the patients ...
Huang Yan - - 2010
Maternal obesity (MO) has harmful effects on both fetal development and subsequent offspring health. The impact of MO on fetal myocardium development has received little attention. Fibrogenesis is regulated by the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/p38 signaling pathway. Using the well-established model of MO in pregnant sheep, we evaluated the effect ...
Kohl Thomas - - 2010
Partial amniotic carbon dioxide insufflation (PACI) during fetoscopic interventions greatly improves visualization of intraamniotic contents. The purpose of this study was to assess any histologically discernable effects from this approach on the fetal brain after long-term survival in sheep. Six pregnant ewes between 63 and 92 days of gestation underwent ...
Veiga-Lopez Almudena A Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5404, - - 2011
Prenatal testosterone excess in sheep leads to reproductive and metabolic disruptions that mimic those seen in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Comparison of prenatal testosterone-treated sheep with prenatal dihydrotestosterone-treated sheep suggests facilitation of defects by androgenic as well as androgen-independent effects of testosterone. We hypothesized that the disruptive impact of ...
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