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Collins J J a Vaccinology and Immunology Research Trials Unit; Women's and Children's Hospital and School of Pediatrics and Reproductive Health ; University of Adelaide ; Adelaide , South - - 2014
Maternal immunization is an important strategy recommended to protect both mothers and infants from serious infectious diseases; however uptake of maternal immunization is poor in Australia. This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the decision making process and factors influencing a pregnant woman's decisions about recommended immunizations. This ...
Beigi Richard H RH Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 300 Halket St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy predisposes women to disproportionate morbidity and mortality from influenza infections. This is true for both seasonal epidemics as well as occasional pandemics. Inactivated yearly influenza vaccines are the best available method of disease prevention and are recommended for all pregnant women in any trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. Oseltamivir ...
Wellings Kaye K Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Health Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H - - 2014
Discontinuation of, and change in, use of contraceptive methods contributes to high unplanned pregnancy rates. The aims of the Contessa study were to estimate the prevalence of and reasons for discontinuation and change and to assess the implications for preventive intervention. Prospective cohort study of 1091 potentially fertile women aged ...
Bayoglu Tekin Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, School of Medicine , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the optimal time interval for in-vitro fertilisation that would increase treatment success after failure of the first attempt. This retrospective study evaluated 454 consecutive cycles of 227 infertile women who had two consecutive attempts within a 6-month period at an IVF centre. ...
Sober Stephanie S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
As birth spacing has demonstrated health benefits for a woman and her children, contraception after childbirth is recognized as an important health issue. The potential risk of pregnancy soon after delivery underscores the importance of initiating postpartum contraception in a timely manner. The contraceptive method initiated in the postpartum period ...
Dean Sohni V - - 2014
Preconception care recognizes that many adolescent girls and young women will be thrust into motherhood without the knowledge, skills or support they need. Sixty million adolescents give birth each year worldwide, even though pregnancy in adolescence has mortality rates at least twice as high as pregnancy in women aged 20-29 ...
Eckhardt Oho O Laboratory of Swine Research, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of three parities of gilts treated or not treated with gonadotropin to induce puberty. Sixty gilts received 600 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) followed by 2.5 mg of porcine luteinizing hormone (LH) 72 h later. Fifty-nine other gilts were exposed only ...
Nyborg Kathinka Marie KM Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Unit, Fertility Clinic 4071, University Hospital Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, København, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess outcome in terms of live-birth rate after fresh or frozen IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles where immunomodulation was given to patients with recurrent pregnancy loss after prior ART treatments. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care university hospital. Fifty-two patients with a history of at least three ...
Nathan Hannah L HL Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of the Microlife 3AS1-2 blood pressure device in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia in a low-resource setting. Prospective validation according to the British Hypertension Society protocol. A total of 45 pregnant women were recruited from Kimberley Hospital (South Africa), of whom 15 had pre-eclampsia. The Microlife 3AS1-2 device ...
Gaillard Romy R The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Obesity is a major public health concern. In western countries, the prevalence of obesity in pregnant women has strongly increased, with reported prevalence rates reaching 30%. Also, approximately 40% of women gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. Recent observational studies and meta-analyses strongly suggest long-term impact of maternal ...
McCall Stephen J SJ Epidemiology Group, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Teenage pregnancy is a known social problem which has been previously described using a number of deprivation measures. This study aimed to explore the temporal patterns of teenage pregnancy in Aberdeen, Scotland and to assess the discriminating ability of three measures of socioeconomic status. This was a population-based study from ...
Stafford-Bell Martyn A MA Canberra Fertility Centre, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
To describe the outcomes of surrogacy among Australian intended parents who engage in compensated surrogacy overseas. Members of two Australian parenting support forums who were considering surrogacy or were currently or previously in a surrogacy arrangement were invited to complete an anonymous online survey during July 2013. Destination countries; source ...
Mosha Dominic - - 2014
There is limited safety information on most drugs used during pregnancy. This is especially true for medication against tropical diseases because pharmacovigilance systems are not much developed in these settings. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate feasibility of using Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) as a ...
Esterhuizen A D AD Medfem Clinic, Cramerview, Gauteng, South - - 2014
Selecting the best spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic spermatozoa injection (ICSI) has recently been a topic of great interest among embryologists. The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the spermatozoa-hyaluronan-binding assay (HBA), routine semen analysis results and fertilisation rates as recorded during conventional ICSI therapy. Ninety-one patients undergoing conventional ICSI treatment ...
Oud Lavi L Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX, USA, - - 2014
Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of infection related to its associated mechanical and physiological changes. Sepsis remains among the top causes of maternal death worldwide and is associated with substantial maternal morbidity. However, there are sparse data on pregnancy-associated severe sepsis (PASS), related in part to infrequent reports, ...
Wu Xuefang - - 2014
Approximately 25% to 27% of women sustain a fall during pregnancy, and falls are associated with serious injuries and can affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of the current study was to identify intrinsic factors associated with pregnancy that may contribute to women's increased risk of falls. A literature search (Medline ...
Lucas Catherine J CJ School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
To assess nutrition-related knowledge and practices, including supplement use, of both pregnant women and healthcare providers that participate in antenatal shared care (ANSC). Pregnant women enrolled in ANSC (n = 142) completed a knowledge and practices survey and a validated iodine-specific Food Frequency Questionnaire. General practitioners (GP) and nurses (N = 61) participating in ...
Hernández-Julián Rey R Department of Economics, Metropolitan State University of Denver, CB 77, P.O. Box 173352, Denver, CO, 80217, - - 2014
This article uses the Bangladesh famine of 1974 as a natural experiment to estimate the impact of intrauterine malnutrition on sex of the child and infant mortality. In addition, we estimate the impact of malnutrition on post-famine pregnancy outcomes. Using the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS), we find ...
Carneiro Luisa Cunha LC Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary, UNESP, 1270, Machado de Assis St, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38400112, Brazil, - - 2014
In dairy cattle, uterine infections are not life threatening and often unavoidable; however, they reduce fertility and increase the production costs of properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of subclinical endometritis from 32 to 70 days in milk (DIM) and its effects on the reproductive performance ...
Pięta Beata B Division Mother's and Child's Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Introduction. Pregnancy, parturition and childcare, which are important moments in a woman's life, are connected with many emotional states of a future mother, a pregnant woman and a lying-in woman. The perinatal period is the time when the risk of psychological disorders in a pregnant woman may increase by even ...
De Ver Dye Timothy T a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify trends and change in micronutrient supplementation (MNS) knowledge across pregnancy and post-partum and to assess the impact of MNS knowledge (MNS-k) on practice in pregnancy in rural Tibet, an area with endemic micronutrient deficiency. A prospective cohort with repeated measures at early, ...
Giguère Y Y Department of Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Centre, Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Quebec City, QC, - - 2014
To investigate the performance of a multivariable model combining a priori clinical characteristics and biomarkers to detect, early in pregnancy, women at higher risk of developing pre-eclampsia (PE). Nested case-control study. University medical centre, Quebec, Canada (CHU de Québec). A total of 7929 pregnant women recruited between 10 and 18 weeks ...
Abdul-Khabir Wajidah W a MS-IV, UCLA-School of Medicine , Los Angeles , - - 2014
Abstract Among women, methamphetamine (meth) use has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV); however, few studies have looked at the context of IPV. This qualitative pilot study explored the experiences of meth-using women in Los Angeles County regarding: (1) IPV in their most recent primary relationship; (2) use of ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Primary Care, and doctoral student, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Licensing arrangements for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the UK were broadened in 2005 to allow prescribing to pregnant smokers. However, estimates of NRT prescribing in pregnant females in the UK are currently lacking. To assess trends in NRT prescribing around pregnancy, and variation in prescribing by maternal characteristics. Population-based ...
Sedgh Gilda G Senior Research Associate, Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane, New York, NY 10038.. - - 2014
Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. We draw upon multiple sources of data to estimate pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels in 2012 and to assess recent trends ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2014
To characterize pregnancy and lactation-related medication inquiries to a drug information center to identify classes of medications of most concern to providers. A secondary objective was to identify any trends in provider inquiries over the study period. A retrospective descriptive study of pregnancy and lactation-related inquiries to the University of North Carolina ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
There is limited longitudinal data from high-income countries on the sequelae of anaemia during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine whether anaemia of pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and with children's developmental vulnerability. We conducted a population-based study to link routinely collected government administrative data ...
Knight M M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The UK has a well-established programme of Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths and a national system for research into near-miss maternal morbidities, the UK Obstetric Surveillance System. The addition of a programme of near-miss case reviews, the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Morbidity, permits a complete examination of the incidence, risk ...
Roberson Emily K EK Hawai'i State Department of Health, Honolulu, HI - - 2014
Recreational use of marijuana is relatively common in the United States, and medicinal use is gaining popular and legal support. Marijuana has been proposed as a potential treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum. Research into this topic is complicated by associations between marijuana use and poor birth outcomes. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, which ...
Wu Dennis D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital and Medical College, Taoyuan, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of assisted reproductive techniques on the incidence of monozygotic twins (MZT) and the associated pregnancy outcomes. This was a retrospective study of all in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with MZT pregnancies in our center from January 2001 to December 2011. The diagnosis of MZT ...
Zhu Hai Bo HB Reproductive Medical Center, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, - - 2014
Background: Clinical reproductive centers produce large amounts of surplus poor-quality embryos annually, how to maximize the use of these embryos, and which of them have the potential to develop into blastocyst stage and influencing factors were lack of systematic research. Objective: To investigate the fate of surplus poor-quality embryos which ...
Berhan Yifru Y Hawassa University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of - - 2014
The major causes of maternal and perinatal deaths are mostly pregnancy related. However, there are several predisposing factors for the increased risk of pregnancy related complications and deaths in developing countries. The objective of this review was to grossly estimate the effect of selected socioeconomic and cultural factors on maternal ...
Zhang Hui Jue HJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous estimates of the incidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia and maternal death associated with VZV infection among the pregnant population have varied considerably and been based predominantly on reports from case series. We sought to measure the incidence of VZV-related morbidity and mortality to provide more representative population ...
Van Parys An-Sofie - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy is associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes. Describing the extent and the evolution of IPV is a crucial step in developing interventions to reduce the health impact of IPV.The objectives are to study the prevalence of psychological abuse, as ...
Datta Adrija Kumar AK Midland Fertility Services, 3rd Floor, Centre House, Court Parade, Aldridge WS9 8LT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
All IVF-ICSI cycles carried out between October 2009 and October 2012 using GnRH agonist (GnRHa) ovulation trigger (n = 62) followed by a single dose of HCG plus progesterone and oestradiol in the luteal phase because of anticipated ovarian hypertsimulation were retrospectively compared with historic control cycles using HCG trigger ...
Ribeiro E S ES Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in plasma of dairy cows and to investigate the relationships between plasma AMH and fertility responses during a 100-d breeding season. Lactating cows, 1,237 in 2 seasonally calving herds, had estrous cycles presynchronized and ...
Cozza Vanessa V Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia; Foggia, Italy; European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET); European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC); Stockholm, - - 2014
The Italian National Plan of Measles and Rubella Elimination 2010-2015 has deferred the objective to reduce congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) to<1 case per 100 000 live births to 2015 and has highlighted the need to reduce to<5% susceptibility to rubella among women in childbearing-age. In Puglia region, MMR vaccine coverage is ...
Cozza Vanessa V a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia; Foggia, - - 2014
The Italian National Plan of Measles and Rubella Elimination 2010-2015 has deferred the objective to reduce congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) to <1 case per 100 000 live births to 2015 and has highlighted the need to reduce to <5% susceptibility to rubella among women in childbearing-age. In Puglia region, MMR vaccine ...
Nascimento Eudes Esteves do EE Protozoology Laboratory, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Universidade de Londrina-UEL, Postal Box 6001, 86050-970 Londrina, PR, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate anti-Neospora caninum antibodies and the vertical transmission rate in naturally infected pregnant zebu beef cows (Bos indicus) reared on pasture. The present study began with 200 cows from four farms (50 cows from each farm), and these animals were submitted to ...
Martínez Francisca F Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, Hospital Universitario Quirón Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the clinical pregnancy rate per transfer in recipients of embryos from donor oocytes obtained after ovarian stimulation initiated on day 2 (D2) or day 15 (D15) of the menstrual cycle with a secondary end point of comparing the response to stimulation. Prospective observational comparative study. Private in vitro fertilization ...
El-Messidi Amira - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of our study was to estimate the incidence and maternal and fetal outcomes of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in pregnancy. Methods: We carried out a population-based cohort study on all births identified in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2011. We calculated ...
Lee Rebekah Yeaun RY The University of Sydney, Faculty of - - 2014
The recent legalization of mifepristone has given women in Australia a new option for termination of pregnancy. Pharmacists are well positioned to provide information and supply mifepristone for patients. However, there are ethical and legal concerns in Australia regarding the supply of mifepristone, as pharmacists may choose to conscientiously object ...
Mpairwe Harriet H MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, - - 2014
Worms may protect against allergy. Early-life worm exposure may be critical, but this has not been fully investigated. To investigate whether worms in pregnancy and in early childhood are associated with childhood eczema incidence. The Entebbe Mother and Baby Study, an anthelminthic treatment trial, enrolled pregnant women between 2003 and ...
Petitet Pascale Hancart PH a Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, International Research Unit UMI 233 TransVIHMI Translational Research applied to HIV and infectious diseases , 911, avenue Agropolis, Montpellier , BP 64501 F-3439 - - 2014
The inclusion of women in clinical trials has raised a variety of ethical and practical issues in their implementation. In the recent CAMELIA clinical trial in Cambodia, the inclusion criteria included a negative pregnancy test and signature of the consent form confirming commitment to double contraceptive use as patients were ...
Moazami Goudarzi Zahra Z International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Background: Some trials have compared laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) with gonadotropins but, because of variations in study design and small sample size, the results are inconsistent and definitive conclusions about the relative efficacy of LOD and gonadotropins cannot be extracted from the individual studies. Objective: To evaluate the relative efficacy ...
Sivasankar Raman R RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The white cell count (WCC) can be raised in pregnancy, but there is no published data-set to support a normal range. This study aimed to develop one. Methods: The WCC of 500 consecutive labouring women at term receiving regional anaesthesia and 500 consecutive women delivered at term by ...
Bondy Carolyn - - 2014
Most women with Turner syndrome (TS) are infertile due to primary ovarian failure. However, approximately 5% experience spontaneous pregnancy, and recently, more women with TS have used assisted reproductive technology with donated oocytes (ART-OD) to become pregnant. The first generation of Turner patients undergoing ART-OD demonstrated a high rate of fatal ...
Simopoulou Maria - - 2014
Vitrification is an excellent tool in the IVF laboratory, enabling options and offering flexibility in assisted reproduction. The technology of cryopreservation has been underway since the early 20th century. The advent of vitrification has advanced the expectations in routine clinical practice in the IVF laboratory presenting impressive results both in ...
Loustau Valentine V APHP, Henri Mondor Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, French National Referral Centre for Adult's Immune Cytopeniasl, Creteil, France; UPEC, Medicine Faculty, Creteil, - - 2014
In women with pre-existing immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), the effect of pregnancy on the course of the disease is poorly known. We performed a dual-centre retrospective cohort study of 118 pregnancies in 82 women with primary ITP. In early pregnancy, the platelet count was <100 × 10(9) /l in 35·6% of pregnancies. ...
Hancock Adrienne B AB Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Known influences of sex hormones on the voice would suggest pregnancy hormones could have an effect, yet studies using acoustic measures have not indicated changes. Additionally, no examination of the voice before the third trimester has been reported. Effect of pregnancy on the voice is relatively unexplored yet could be ...
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