Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 366
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Lucas Catherine J CJ School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
To assess nutrition-related knowledge and practices, including supplement use, of both pregnant women and healthcare providers that participate in antenatal shared care (ANSC). Pregnant women enrolled in ANSC (n = 142) completed a knowledge and practices survey and a validated iodine-specific Food Frequency Questionnaire. General practitioners (GP) and nurses (N = 61) participating in ...
Hernández-Julián Rey R Department of Economics, Metropolitan State University of Denver, CB 77, P.O. Box 173352, Denver, CO, 80217, - - 2014
This article uses the Bangladesh famine of 1974 as a natural experiment to estimate the impact of intrauterine malnutrition on sex of the child and infant mortality. In addition, we estimate the impact of malnutrition on post-famine pregnancy outcomes. Using the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS), we find ...
Carneiro Luisa Cunha LC Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary, UNESP, 1270, Machado de Assis St, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38400112, Brazil, - - 2014
In dairy cattle, uterine infections are not life threatening and often unavoidable; however, they reduce fertility and increase the production costs of properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of subclinical endometritis from 32 to 70 days in milk (DIM) and its effects on the reproductive performance ...
Pięta Beata B Division Mother's and Child's Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Introduction. Pregnancy, parturition and childcare, which are important moments in a woman's life, are connected with many emotional states of a future mother, a pregnant woman and a lying-in woman. The perinatal period is the time when the risk of psychological disorders in a pregnant woman may increase by even ...
De Ver Dye Timothy T a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Rochester , Rochester , NY , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify trends and change in micronutrient supplementation (MNS) knowledge across pregnancy and post-partum and to assess the impact of MNS knowledge (MNS-k) on practice in pregnancy in rural Tibet, an area with endemic micronutrient deficiency. A prospective cohort with repeated measures at early, ...
Giguère Y Y Department of Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Centre, Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Quebec City, QC, - - 2014
To investigate the performance of a multivariable model combining a priori clinical characteristics and biomarkers to detect, early in pregnancy, women at higher risk of developing pre-eclampsia (PE). Nested case-control study. University medical centre, Quebec, Canada (CHU de Québec). A total of 7929 pregnant women recruited between 10 and 18 weeks ...
Abdul-Khabir Wajidah W a MS-IV, UCLA-School of Medicine , Los Angeles , - - 2014
Abstract Among women, methamphetamine (meth) use has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV); however, few studies have looked at the context of IPV. This qualitative pilot study explored the experiences of meth-using women in Los Angeles County regarding: (1) IPV in their most recent primary relationship; (2) use of ...
Dhalwani Nafeesa N NN Division of Primary Care, and doctoral student, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Licensing arrangements for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the UK were broadened in 2005 to allow prescribing to pregnant smokers. However, estimates of NRT prescribing in pregnant females in the UK are currently lacking. To assess trends in NRT prescribing around pregnancy, and variation in prescribing by maternal characteristics. Population-based ...
Sedgh Gilda G Senior Research Associate, Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane, New York, NY 10038.. - - 2014
Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. We draw upon multiple sources of data to estimate pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels in 2012 and to assess recent trends ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2014
To characterize pregnancy and lactation-related medication inquiries to a drug information center to identify classes of medications of most concern to providers. A secondary objective was to identify any trends in provider inquiries over the study period. A retrospective descriptive study of pregnancy and lactation-related inquiries to the University of North Carolina ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
There is limited longitudinal data from high-income countries on the sequelae of anaemia during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine whether anaemia of pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and with children's developmental vulnerability. We conducted a population-based study to link routinely collected government administrative data ...
Knight M M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The UK has a well-established programme of Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths and a national system for research into near-miss maternal morbidities, the UK Obstetric Surveillance System. The addition of a programme of near-miss case reviews, the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Morbidity, permits a complete examination of the incidence, risk ...
Roberson Emily K EK Hawai'i State Department of Health, Honolulu, HI - - 2014
Recreational use of marijuana is relatively common in the United States, and medicinal use is gaining popular and legal support. Marijuana has been proposed as a potential treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum. Research into this topic is complicated by associations between marijuana use and poor birth outcomes. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, which ...
Wu Dennis D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital and Medical College, Taoyuan, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of assisted reproductive techniques on the incidence of monozygotic twins (MZT) and the associated pregnancy outcomes. This was a retrospective study of all in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with MZT pregnancies in our center from January 2001 to December 2011. The diagnosis of MZT ...
Zhang Hui Jue HJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous estimates of the incidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia and maternal death associated with VZV infection among the pregnant population have varied considerably and been based predominantly on reports from case series. We sought to measure the incidence of VZV-related morbidity and mortality to provide more representative population ...
Van Parys An-Sofie - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy is associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes. Describing the extent and the evolution of IPV is a crucial step in developing interventions to reduce the health impact of IPV.The objectives are to study the prevalence of psychological abuse, as ...
Datta Adrija Kumar AK Midland Fertility Services, 3rd Floor, Centre House, Court Parade, Aldridge WS9 8LT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
All IVF-ICSI cycles carried out between October 2009 and October 2012 using GnRH agonist (GnRHa) ovulation trigger (n = 62) followed by a single dose of HCG plus progesterone and oestradiol in the luteal phase because of anticipated ovarian hypertsimulation were retrospectively compared with historic control cycles using HCG trigger ...
Ribeiro E S ES Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in plasma of dairy cows and to investigate the relationships between plasma AMH and fertility responses during a 100-d breeding season. Lactating cows, 1,237 in 2 seasonally calving herds, had estrous cycles presynchronized and ...
Cozza Vanessa V Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia; Foggia, Italy; European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET); European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC); Stockholm, - - 2014
The Italian National Plan of Measles and Rubella Elimination 2010-2015 has deferred the objective to reduce congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) to<1 case per 100 000 live births to 2015 and has highlighted the need to reduce to<5% susceptibility to rubella among women in childbearing-age. In Puglia region, MMR vaccine coverage is ...
Nascimento Eudes Esteves do EE Protozoology Laboratory, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Universidade de Londrina-UEL, Postal Box 6001, 86050-970 Londrina, PR, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate anti-Neospora caninum antibodies and the vertical transmission rate in naturally infected pregnant zebu beef cows (Bos indicus) reared on pasture. The present study began with 200 cows from four farms (50 cows from each farm), and these animals were submitted to ...
Martínez Francisca F Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, Hospital Universitario Quirón Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the clinical pregnancy rate per transfer in recipients of embryos from donor oocytes obtained after ovarian stimulation initiated on day 2 (D2) or day 15 (D15) of the menstrual cycle with a secondary end point of comparing the response to stimulation. Prospective observational comparative study. Private in vitro fertilization ...
El-Messidi Amira - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of our study was to estimate the incidence and maternal and fetal outcomes of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in pregnancy. Methods: We carried out a population-based cohort study on all births identified in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2011. We calculated ...
Lee Rebekah Yeaun RY The University of Sydney, Faculty of - - 2014
The recent legalization of mifepristone has given women in Australia a new option for termination of pregnancy. Pharmacists are well positioned to provide information and supply mifepristone for patients. However, there are ethical and legal concerns in Australia regarding the supply of mifepristone, as pharmacists may choose to conscientiously object ...
Mpairwe Harriet H MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, - - 2014
Worms may protect against allergy. Early-life worm exposure may be critical, but this has not been fully investigated. To investigate whether worms in pregnancy and in early childhood are associated with childhood eczema incidence. The Entebbe Mother and Baby Study, an anthelminthic treatment trial, enrolled pregnant women between 2003 and ...
Petitet Pascale Hancart PH a Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, International Research Unit UMI 233 TransVIHMI Translational Research applied to HIV and infectious diseases , 911, avenue Agropolis, Montpellier , BP 64501 F-3439 - - 2014
The inclusion of women in clinical trials has raised a variety of ethical and practical issues in their implementation. In the recent CAMELIA clinical trial in Cambodia, the inclusion criteria included a negative pregnancy test and signature of the consent form confirming commitment to double contraceptive use as patients were ...
Moazami Goudarzi Zahra Z International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Background: Some trials have compared laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) with gonadotropins but, because of variations in study design and small sample size, the results are inconsistent and definitive conclusions about the relative efficacy of LOD and gonadotropins cannot be extracted from the individual studies. Objective: To evaluate the relative efficacy ...
Sivasankar Raman R RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The white cell count (WCC) can be raised in pregnancy, but there is no published data-set to support a normal range. This study aimed to develop one. Methods: The WCC of 500 consecutive labouring women at term receiving regional anaesthesia and 500 consecutive women delivered at term by ...
Bondy Carolyn - - 2014
Most women with Turner syndrome (TS) are infertile due to primary ovarian failure. However, approximately 5% experience spontaneous pregnancy, and recently, more women with TS have used assisted reproductive technology with donated oocytes (ART-OD) to become pregnant. The first generation of Turner patients undergoing ART-OD demonstrated a high rate of fatal ...
Loustau Valentine V APHP, Henri Mondor Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, French National Referral Centre for Adult's Immune Cytopeniasl, Creteil, France; UPEC, Medicine Faculty, Creteil, - - 2014
In women with pre-existing immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), the effect of pregnancy on the course of the disease is poorly known. We performed a dual-centre retrospective cohort study of 118 pregnancies in 82 women with primary ITP. In early pregnancy, the platelet count was <100 × 10(9) /l in 35·6% of pregnancies. ...
Hancock Adrienne B AB Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Known influences of sex hormones on the voice would suggest pregnancy hormones could have an effect, yet studies using acoustic measures have not indicated changes. Additionally, no examination of the voice before the third trimester has been reported. Effect of pregnancy on the voice is relatively unexplored yet could be ...
Manegold-Brauer Gwendolin G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
The most important factor for the selection of an umbilical cord blood unit (CBU) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the total nucleated cell (TNC) count as a surrogate marker for stem cell content in the CBU. At present, about one in five donors can provide a CBU with a ...
Bosman Judith J Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Isala Clinics, Dr. van Heesweg 2, Zwolle, The - - 2014
Data about adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy are lacking. However, it is important to gain insight into adherence in this population to reduce perinatal risks for relapse of depression. The objective of this study was to search for an inexpensive and easy method to implement daily for assessing medication adherence ...
Stevens Madelyn N MN Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Hearing loss is known to occur in some pregnant women, but improvement in sensorineural thresholds has not been audiometrically characterized. Here, we describe a patient with a history of Ménière's disease and vestibular migraine who experienced temporary recovery of her hearing during pregnancy. Audiograms were obtained from a 31-year-old female ...
Garolla Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, Section of Clinical Pathology and Unit for Human Reproduction Pathology, University of Padova, - - 2014
This study evaluated the predictive power of spermatid count and cytology for assisted reproduction outcome after FSH therapy. A total of 174 men with severe oligozoospermia and normal plasma FSH concentration underwent semen analysis including spermatid count, TUNEL test, FISH analysis for sperm aneuploidies and testicular fine-needle aspiration cytology. Ninety-two ...
Akinbami A A AA Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, - - 2014
Immunity in pregnancy is physiologically compromised and this may affect cluster of differentiation four (CD4) count levels. It is well established that several factors affect CD4 count level in pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effects of maternal age, gestational age, parity and level of education as they influence ...
Evenson Kelly R KR Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, 137 East Franklin Street Suite 306, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, United - - 2014
Women attain numerous benefits from physical activity during pregnancy. However, due to physical changes that occur during pregnancy, special precautions are also needed. This review summarizes current guidelines for physical activity among pregnant women worldwide. We searched PubMed (MedLINE) for country-specific governmental and clinical guidelines on physical activity during pregnancy ...
Giugliano Emilio E Department of Morphology, Surgery, and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
To test the velocimetric pattern of the ovarian artery as a routine ovarian reserve test. We enrolled 317 consecutive patients from January 2011 to June 2012. At the second day of the menstrual cycle, a transvaginal ultrasound was performed to evaluate the antral follicle count and ovarian volume, and Doppler ...
Heffron Renee R *Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; †Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; ‡Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; §Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; ‖Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya; ¶Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; #Department of Reproductive Health, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya; and **Departments of †Epidemiology and ††Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
In HIV-1-infected women, CD4 count declines occur during pregnancy, which has been attributed to hemodilution. However, for women who have not initiated antiretroviral therapy, it is unclear if CD4 declines are sustained beyond pregnancy and accompanied by increased viral levels, which could indicate an effect of pregnancy on accelerating HIV-1 ...
Kleppe M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bronovo Hospital, Den Haag, The - - 2014
In a descriptive retrospective cohort study, we determined the cumulative pregnancy rate for couples undergoing intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with at least one total motile sperm count (TMC) <1 million compared to couples with a TMC consistently >1 million. Eight hundred and ninety-five cycles in 273 couples were studied from 2006 to 2009. ...
Patabendige Malitha M University Obstetrics Unit, De Soysa Hospital for Women, Colombo, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
The HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low-platelet count) occurs in about 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies. With occurrence of thrombocytopaenia, it signals for several potentially lethal conditions such as complete or partial HELLP syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. A previously healthy 27-year-old, ...
Mitima Kashosi T KT Université Evangélique en Afrique, Bukavu, DR Congo. - - 2014
Maternal vaginal colonization by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) has an important impact on neonatal health but has not been studied in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to determine its frequency and influencing factors. Vaginal samples (n = 509) for bacteriological analysis were collected from women ...
Xiao Jin-Song JS Reproductive Medicine Center, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of medicine, Shiyan City, Hubei Province, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of GnRH antagonist and GnRH agonist in supposed normal ovarian responders undergoing IVF. Data from 6 databases were retrieved for this study. The RCTs of GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist use during IVF-EF therapy for patients with supposed normal ovarian response were included. A ...
Whiteman Valerie E VE Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 2 Tampa General Circle, 6th Floor, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2014
Objective. To identify factors associated with opioid use during pregnancy and to compare perinatal morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs between opioid users and nonusers. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of pregnancy-related discharges from 1998 to 2009 using the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient database in the United States. We ...
Hansar Endris E College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, - - 2014
Manual and ultrasonic evaluation of the the reproductive organs of 62 dairy cows and heifers belonging to smallholder farms was conducted. The objective was to assess the efficiency of visual estrus detection method in the dairy animals that were presented for artificial insemination. Data were collected on reproductive status, body ...
Lohan Maria M School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland/Scotland, United - - 2014
The World Health Organisation, amongst others, recognises that adolescent men have a vital yet neglected role in reducing teenage pregnancies and that there is a pressing need for educational interventions designed especially for them. This study seeks to fill this gap by determining the feasibility of conducting an effectiveness trial ...
Groves Allison K AK Center on Health, Risk and Society, Department of Sociology, American University, Washington DC, United States of - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in South Africa. However, there is limited research on whether and how IPV changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period and on the factors that might affect women's risk during this time. In this study, we describe the mean trajectories ...
Dundas Ruth R MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
A substantial proportion of low birth weight is attributable to the mother's cultural and socioeconomic circumstances. Early childhood programmes have been widely developed to improve child outcomes. In the UK, the Health in Pregnancy (HiP) grant, a universal conditional cash transfer of £190, was introduced for women reaching the 25th ...
Sánchez-Aranguren Lissette C LC Translational Biomedical Research Group, Biotechnology, Innovation and Technology Development, Cardiovascular Foundation of Colombia Floridablanca, Colombia ; Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health, Universidad del Valle Cali, - - 2014
Preeclampsia (PE) is an often fatal pathology characterized by hypertension and proteinuria at the 20th week of gestation that affects 5-10% of the pregnancies. The problem is particularly important in developing countries in where the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is higher and maternal mortality rates are 20 times ...
Streatfield P Kim PK Matlab HDSS, Bangladesh; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh; INDEPTH Network, Accra, - - 2014
Women continue to die in unacceptably large numbers around the world as a result of pregnancy, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Part of the problem is a lack of accurate, population-based information characterising the issues and informing solutions. Population surveillance sites, such as those operated within the INDEPTH Network, ...
Rose B I BI Infertility Solutions, P. C., 1275 South Cedar Crest Boulevard, Allentown, PA 18103, USA. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Luke's University Health Network, 801 Ostrum Street, Bethlehem, PA 18015, - - 2014
To compare the pregnancy rates with two different methods of priming for in vitro maturation cycles (IVM). Cycles using letrozole together with hCG were compared to cycles using FSH together with hCG in 75 cycles in patients being treated for infertility by IVM. Retrospective cohort non-inferiority trial Results: Using letrozole for ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >