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Bolten K K Klinik für Geburtsmedizin CCM, Charité, - - 2013
We report on a 28-year old primigravida who presented in the second trimester with sudden onset of bleeding tendencies and thrombocytopenia of 2/nL during the first manifestation of autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and steroids was initiated but could not prevent renewed bleeding incidents and recurrent thrombocytopenia ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2013
Fetal movement (FM) counting is a simple and widely used method of assessing fetal well-being. However, little is known about what women perceive as decreased fetal movement (DFM) and how maternally perceived DFM is reflected in FM charts. We analyzed FM counting data from 148 DFM events occurring in 137 ...
Lee Grace Y - - 2013
Fetal and newborn responding to audio-recordings of their father's versus mother's reading a story were examined. At home, fathers read a different story to the fetus each day for 7 days. Subsequently, in the laboratory, continuous fetal heart rate was recorded during a 9 min protocol, including three, 3 min periods: baseline ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
Although it is not established whether fetal movement counting (FMC) reduces fetal death (1), a Norwegian study (2) found that after introduction of FMC the stillbirth rate fell by 30% in their study population of 46 000 singleton pregnancies and fell by 50% among the 3500 women from that group ...
Sainio S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical usefulness of maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody levels in predicting severe foetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT). BACKGROUND: Recent studies using an international anti-HPA-1a standard have shown a correlation between maternal antibody levels and neonatal thrombocytopenia. Cut-off values for identifying high-risk pregnancies have also been suggested. MATERIALS: In 1986-2010, ...
Khani Behnaz - - 2013
High level of semen reactive oxygen species is considered as an important factor in male infertility. Sesame has antioxidant properties, which could be effective on improvement of semen parameters. This study was designed to determine the effects of sesame on sperm quality. Twenty-five infertile men entered this clinical trial. They ...
McCaulley Jill A - - 2013
: Intravenous contrast-induced thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in pregnancy. : A 22-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, at 33 2/7 weeks of gestation presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and tachycardia. A computed tomography angiogram was pursued to evaluate for pulmonary embolus. During contrast infusion ...
Mikhaylova V A - - 2013
Monocyte migration from the peripheral blood to the uterine decidual tissue is essential for the regulation of placental development. We evaluated the phenotypical changes in the peripheral blood monocytes in pregnant women. The peripheral blood counts of monocytes expressing CD11b, CD47, and integrin β7 were elevated in women with normal ...
Jayashree R - - 2013
Yoga improves maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy. Platelet Count and Uric acid (Ua) are valuable screening measures in high-risk pregnancy. To examine the effect of yoga on platelet counts and serum Ua in high-risk pregnancy. This stratified randomized controlled trial, conducted by S-VYASA University at St. John's Medical College ...
Inocêncio Gonçalo - - 2013
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a very rare disease, especially during pregnancy. It is characterised by low platelet count and predominantly muco-cutaneous bleeding. There are many forms to monitor and treat these patients. Here, we present a case of a pregnant woman, with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, who was submitted to treatment ...
Ok Elvan Koyun EK Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, ─░zmir, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of post-wash total progressive motile sperm count (TPMSC) and semen volume on pregnancy outcomes in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. The retrospective study included a total of 156 cycles (141 couples) and was performed in our center over a 24-month period. ...
Tzur Tamar T Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. - - 2013
To examine whether an association exists between platelet (PLT) count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for hypertensive disorders or other obstetric complications. The study population included all registered births with available PLT count from the first trimester of pregnancy during 2000-2010. Thrombocytopenia was defined as PLT ...
Kianbakht Saeed - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of major and minor depression during pregnancy on the maternal and neonatal immunities. Methods: Peripheral venous blood from depressed women and cord venous blood from their neonates taken simultaneously and immediately after parturition were used. The serum levels of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA ...
Dwivedi P - - 2012
<strong> </strong> STo study the feto-maternal outcome in pregnancy with severe thrombocytopenia. <strong> </strong> It was an observational study involving 1150 pregnant women with term gestation in labour, who were screened for thrombocytopenia. Ninety-four subjects (8.17%) were found to have thrombocytopenia i.e. platelet count < 1,50,/000/mm3, out of which 47 ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine whether an association exists between maternal leukocyte count in the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk for development of obstetric complications. METHODS: The study population included all the registered births (n = 33,866) with available white blood cell count (WBC) from the first trimester of pregnancy, during 2000-2010 ...
Amant Frédéric - - 2012
Breast cancer staging and treatment are possible during pregnancy, and should be defined in a multidisciplinary setting. Tumour biology, tumour stage, and gestational stage at diagnosis determine the appropriate approach. Surgery for breast cancer is possible during all trimesters of pregnancy. Radiotherapy is possible during pregnancy but, dependent on the ...
Winje Brita Askeland - - 2012
Fetal movement counting has long been suggested as a screening tool to identify impaired placental function. However, quantitative limits for decreased fetal movement perform poorly for screening purposes, indicating the need for methodological refinement. We aimed to identify the main individual temporal patterns in fetal movement counting charts, and explore ...
Olubajo Awobajo Funmileyi - - 2012
The impact of aqueous leaf extract of Hybanthus enneaspermus (HEaq) on pregnancy factors and litter survival was investigated in Sprague Dawley (SD) rat. Control group received distilled water while the test group received 2g/kg body weight of HEaq orally. Blood samples were collected on days one and twenty of pregnancy ...
O'Keane V - - 2011
Most women experience time-limited and specific mood changes in the days after birth known as the maternity blues (Blues). The maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis undergoes gradual changes during pregnancy because of an increasing production of placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). The abrupt withdrawal of placental CRH at birth results in a ...
Nikbakht Roshan R Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, - - 2011
The present study aimed to analyze the prognostic value of sperm morphology , total motile sperm count (TMSC) and the number of motile sperm inseminated (NMSI) on the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI). This cross sectional study was carried out 445 women undergoing 820 IUI cycles. All of the patients ...
Huang Yan - - 2010
Maternal obesity (MO) has harmful effects on both fetal development and subsequent offspring health. The impact of MO on fetal myocardium development has received little attention. Fibrogenesis is regulated by the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/p38 signaling pathway. Using the well-established model of MO in pregnant sheep, we evaluated the effect ...
Kohl Thomas - - 2010
Partial amniotic carbon dioxide insufflation (PACI) during fetoscopic interventions greatly improves visualization of intraamniotic contents. The purpose of this study was to assess any histologically discernable effects from this approach on the fetal brain after long-term survival in sheep. Six pregnant ewes between 63 and 92 days of gestation underwent ...
Veiga-Lopez Almudena - - 2011
Prenatal testosterone excess in sheep leads to reproductive and metabolic disruptions that mimic those seen in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Comparison of prenatal testosterone-treated sheep with prenatal dihydrotestosterone-treated sheep suggests facilitation of defects by androgenic as well as androgen-independent effects of testosterone. We hypothesized that the disruptive impact of ...
Bessette Natalee W - - 2010
The objective was to compare gestation length in chronically instrumented (laboratory) pregnant sheep (n = 131) and in the breeding flock (n = 476) that provided the experimental sheep. In the breeding flock, gestation length was normally distributed and varied between 141 and 151 days (mean = 147 +/- 0.1 ...
Riet-Correa G - - 2009
Tetrapterys spp. have been reported as a cause of cardiac fibrosis, status spongiosus of the nervous system, and abortion. To study the intoxication by Tetrapterys multiglandulosa, 24 sheep were divided into 4 experimental groups of 4 sheep each and 1 control group. Groups 1 to 3, respectively, received 1, 1.5, ...
Nasar Md Abu - - 2009
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
Meza-Herrera C A - - 2010
The effects of supplemented protein level (PL) during the periconceptional period and their interaction with body condition were evaluated in sheep. Multiparous Rambouillet ewes (n = 12) received two PL of rumen undegradable protein (UIP) during a 30-day pre-mating and 15-day post-mating period: low [LPL, 24% crude protein (CP), 14 ...
Lakshmanan J - - 2008
To use sheep and rat models and demonstrate that stressors activate fetal glucocorticoid (GC) system, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) system and cholinergic neurotransmitter system (ChNS) leading to propulsive colonic motility and in utero meconium passage. Immunohistochemical studies (IHS) were performed to localize GC-Receptors, CRF-receptors and key molecules of ChNS in sheep ...
Delgehyr Nathalie - - 2008
In S. cerevisiae, spindle orientation is linked to the inheritance of the ;old' spindle pole by the bud. A player in this asymmetric commitment, Bud6p, promotes cortical capture of astral microtubules. Additionally, Bud6p stimulates actin cable formation though the formin Bni1p. A relationship with the second formin, Bnr1p, is unclear. ...
Yeleswaram, Krishnaswamy
Labetalol, a combined al and p-adrenoceptor blocker, is used as an antihypertensive, especially in the management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. While the antihypertensive efficacy of labetalol in pregnancy has been assessed by a number of clinical trials, there is little information in the literature about the disposition or pharmacodynamics ...
Blasi Immacolata - - 2008
The feto-maternal safety of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) administration in the cervix of pregnant sheep is evaluated. Chronically catheterized pregnant sheep at approximately 0.9 gestation were divided into 2 groups that received 0.1 mg/kg maternal body weight of SNP gel (2%) or placebo into the internal cervical os. SNP or placebo ...
Moroni Antonio - - 2008
This sheep study was designed to make a comparative evaluation of two external fixation pin types each with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) coating. The two pins had different taper, pitch, and self drilling capabilities. Twenty Orthofix standard, self-tapping pins (group A), 20 Orthofix HA-coated, self-tapping pins (group B), 20 X-caliber, ...
Smith M M - - 2008
IA therapy with hyaluronan (HA) is reported to provide symptomatic relief and disease modification in OA. This study assessed the pathological changes in the synovium of an ovine model of OA and evaluated the effects of two HA preparations on this pathology. Eighteen sheep had bilateral lateral meniscectomy to induce ...
Sturnieks Daina L - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between muscular strength about the knee and knee joint moments during gait in patients who had undergone arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM). METHODS: One hundred and two APM patients and 42 age-matched nonoperated controls underwent strength testing and three-dimensional gait analysis. Patients were divided into ...
Barry James S - - 2008
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), often associated with functional placental insufficiency, results in increased perinatal mortality and morbidity. For obvious reasons, many questions regarding the progression of IUGR pregnancies cannot be addressed experimentally in humans, predicating the use of animal models. Although no animal model fully recapitulates human pregnancy, the pregnant ...
Dickinson Hayley - - 2008
Orexin-A and -B are hypothalamic peptides which, in the adult brain, are associated with arousal, increased vigilance, and the seeking and ingestion of food. Because the fetus is mostly asleep, and hunger is a physiological state unlikely to arise until birth, we hypothesized that orexigenic neurons in the lateral and ...
Ysa August - - 2008
Control of proximal and back bleeding following an arteriotomy can be challenging when tibial or pedal vessels are noncompressible owing to calcification. We present two easy, inexpensive, and available solutions using a simple intravenous cannula to facilitate clamping of the distal vessels during below-knee revascularization.
Vernon Laura L - - 2008
Three studies examined associations between spider phobic distress and two individual difference characteristics, disgust propensity (sensitivity to disgust elicitation) and fear propensity (sensitivity to fear elicitation). Although the relative contributions of trait anxiety and disgust propensity have been examined, researchers have yet to compare the parallel constructs of disgust and ...
de la Rue Mario L - - 2008
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is very common in the southern part of Rio Grande do Sul State where sheep and cattle raising is the most important economical activity. Prevalence in intermediate hosts is well known due to reports in slaughterhouses while human reports are of discussed value. This is due to ...
Sucurovic Snezana - - 2008
The Internet based distributed large scale information systems implements attribute based access control (ABAC) rather than Role Based Access Control (RBAC). The reason is that the Internet is identity less and that ABAC scales better. EXtensible Access Control Markup Language is standardized language for writing access control policies, access control ...
Damase-Michel Christine C Department of Pharmacology, Research Unit of Pharmacoepidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toulouse III Paul Sabatier , ( France - - 2008
Counselling or prescribing drugs during pregnancy requires health professionals to assess risk/benefit ratio for women and their baby. A misperception of the risk may lead to inappropriate decisions for pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the present study was to assess teratogenic and/or foetotoxic risk perception of common medications by general ...
Pimentel L A - - 2007
Craniofacial anomalies, eye malformations, and permanent flexures of the forelimbs are common malformations seen in ruminants grazing semiarid rangelands of Northeastern Brazil. To investigate the cause of these malformations, we fed 2 suspected plants, Mimosa tenuiflora or Prosopis juliflora, to groups of 4 pregnant goats each. Fresh green M. tenuiflora ...
Brandt Gretchen A - - 2007
The pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are placental proteins that have been cloned from swine, sheep, goats, and cattle, but never from animals within the Cervidae family. The goal of this work was to characterize PAGs in white-tailed deer. Placenta and uterine tissues were collected from pregnant does at days 85 and ...
Wattegedera S - - 2008
A shift in the balance of T(Helper) (T(H))1/T(H)2 cytokine production by maternal peripheral blood leukocytes is regarded as a common important feature of successful mammalian pregnancy. Although the phenomenon has been studied extensively in animals with invasive hemochorial placentae, the paradigm has not been studied in detail in species with ...
Wabacha J K - - 2007
An outbreak of an atypical form of ovine dermatophilosis affecting the lips and muzzle with a very high morbidity in weaners and hoggets in Kenya is reported. Clinical diagnosis of ovine dermatophilosis was made and confirmed by direct microscopic examination as well as isolation and identification of Dermatophilus congolensis from ...
Omer Luqman Taib - - 2007
A survey on hard ticks affecting cattle, sheep, and goats was done in Dohuk Governorate from March 2005 until February 2006 in three areas (Dohuk surrounding area, Barwary Balla near Turkish border, and Eqre). The species collected from cattle were Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma anatolicum marginatum, while the species ...
Bigolin Sergio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fertility and analyze the macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects of sheep uterine tube sterilization with a hysteroscopically insert of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesive. METHODS: 12 adult sheep, with one previous pregnancy, were distributed as follows: group L (n=3) subjected to laparotomy and Pomeroy uterine tube ligation, group S ...
Buxton David - - 2007
Ovine toxoplasmosis, caused by the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, was first described in 1954 and while the incidence of ovine infection is difficult to define, it has been reported that in the UK it is responsible for between 1 and 2% of neonatal losses per annum. Recent reports have ...
Michalopoulou E - - 2007
A PCR was used to detect the genome of Chlamydophila abortus in samples of uterine tissue collected from 304 sheep by a sterile technique at an abattoir. The stage of pregnancy of the sheep was determined by measuring the dimensions of the embryo/fetus, and its morphology was recorded. Only samples ...
Markus Tina - - 2007
Resuscitation with pure oxygen at birth after fetal asphyxia may aggravate brain damage by inducing pro-inflammation. The toll-like receptors (TLRs) may serve a pro-inflammatory role in hyperoxemia during ischemia-reperfusion. Sixteen near-term fetal sheep (132-136 d) were subjected to 10 min of cord occlusion, delivery and mechanical ventilation with 100% O2 ...
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