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Results 401 - 450 of 549
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Singh M - - 1991
A total of 107 babies with hypoglycaemia were studied over a period of 15 months. Symptomatic hypoglycaemia was found in 43 while it was asymptomatic in the others. Asymptomatic hypoglycaemia occurred at a relatively earlier post-natal age (4.5 +/- 2.2 h), as compared to symptomatic hypoglycemia (18.5 +/- 5.4 h, ...
Hepper P G - - 1991
The developmental origins of behavioural asymmetries, in particular handedness, have aroused considerable interest and debate. Until now such behavioural asymmetries have only been reported after birth. Here we report the existence of handedness before birth, expressed in terms of thumb-sucking by the fetus. Ultrasound observations of fetuses from 15 weeks ...
Martinez M E - - 1991
The levels of 25(OH)D have been quantified in 42 insulin diabetic pregnancies (DP) through the three trimesters of pregnancy with a total of 177 determinations. In parallel we quantified this metabolite in 114 normal pregnant women (NP) and also in 116 normal controls (NC). In addition 25(OH)D was quantified in ...
Bell A H - - 1991
Spectral edge frequency (SEF) of the EEG was studied in 51 healthy neonates to assess its value as a measure of cerebral maturation. SEF was calculated as the frequency below which 95% of the power in the power spectrum resides. Summated SEF (sSEF) of 4 EEG channels correlated significantly with ...
Pierro L - - 1991
A hereditary retinoblastoma (RTB) was identified by ocular echography in a newborn, whose predisposition to RTB had been assessed based on the family history and DNA testing of the chorionic villi at the eighth week of pregnancy. Ultrasonography was performed during pregnancies without an abnormality being demonstrated. On the third ...
Fryczkowski M - - 1991
Evaluation of the course of pregnancy, delivery and the condition of the newborn infant in mothers after an antireflux operation performed in childhood has revealed differences to the disadvantage of women operated on after the age of ten. This is shown by a significantly more frequent incidence of EH gestosis ...
Bordarier C - - 1991
Porencephaly is usually considered to be a prenatal brain lesion due to a circulatory failure. We report a case of bilateral porencephaly with heterotopia and absence of the septum pellucidum in a newborn. The mother had received several injections of benzol during pregnancy with an intent of inducing abortion. The ...
Gladman G - - 1990
We measured skin conductance continuously from the sole of a foot in babies of different conceptional ages before, during, and for 10 minutes after a 'heel prick' carried out for routine blood sampling. We studied 82 healthy babies whose gestational and postnatal ages ranged from 25-42 weeks, and 1-73 days. ...
Boutroy M J - - 1990
Twenty two pregnant women with mild to moderate hypertension were treated with betaxolol (10-40 mg/day), a cardioselective beta adrenoceptor blocking agent. The analysis of the changes from the baseline confirmed the antihypertensive effect of the drug with a mean decrease in SBP of 11.8 mm Hg and in DBP of ...
Essawy M - - 1990
Five hundred cord blood samples of normal, full term, apparently healthy newborns of both sexes and of different social classes were studied for Toxoplasma antibodies. Eighty nine cases (17.8%) showed a seropositivity for IgG antibodies while specific IgM antibodies were found in 3 cases. A significant higher percentage of seropositivity ...
Spätling L - - 1989
In this article the importance of Mg for pregnant women and fetal outcome is reviewed. The physiological changes of Mg-containing body fluids and of tissues are discussed. Mg supplementation during pregnancy seems to be necessary and the efficacy on maternal health and on the newborn are reported. Serum Mg levels ...
Bhatia B D - - 1989
Twenty-five full-term newborns and their mothers constituted study subjects. Mothers were subjected to weight and height measurements, as well as, serum albumin and hemoglobin estimations. Offsprings were subjected to measurements of weight, crown heel length and head circumference along with motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and H-reflex latency (H-RL). The ...
Charles A - - 1989
A fetus was born prematurely after a 34-week pregnancy whose evolution was marked by the ultrasonic finding at 23 weeks of a considerable shortening of the long bones. At birth, the newborn infant bore the appearance of a harlequin fetus. There was no dwarfism, but the micromelia discovered in utero ...
Soni N D - - 1989
Leucocyte ascorbic acid (LAA) and serum ascorbic acid (SAA) have been estimated in 50 pregnant women, their newborn infants, and 14 non-pregnant women living in the semi-arid region of western India. LAA was significantly higher in the newborn as compared to their mothers, the mean values being 35.52 +/- 6.85 ...
Faridi M M - - 1989
The incidence of prepucial Epstein pearls was found in 7.3/1000 live born male newborn babies. Gestational age and birth weight were the important determinants as 72.7% babies were term and 54.5% babies weighed 3000 g or more. The formation of Epstein pearl on the prepuce was independent of that of ...
Hume R F RF - - 1989
Components of fetal behavioral state organization reflect the successful integration of the central nervous system, have a specific developmental timetable, and can be studied with fetal ultrasonographic techniques. To test the hypothesis that evaluation of state organization is a marker of abnormal central nervous system maturation and a predictor of ...
Beauprie I - - 1989
Who can safely dive? All prospective divers in Canada must have a physician's approval to start training. Many review articles and typical check-list medical forms, however, imply exclusions that are not well proven. The author critically analyzes current diving and diving accident statistics and discusses the physiology of risk. He ...
Daya S - - 1989
Although the exact incidence of infertility in Canada is unknown, mathematical models predict that approximately 10% to 15% of couples will fail to achieve a pregnancy after one year of unprotected intercourse. The diagnosis requires assessment of both male and female partners. During the initial visit, a comprehensive history should ...
Kollée L A - - 1989
In a prospective study in 227 parturients, carriership of group B streptococci was established to be 25%. In carriers, transmission of streptococci to the newborn occurred in 50%. 10 ml of a chlorhexidine gel containing hydroxypropylmethylcellulose was introduced into the vagina during labor in 17 parturients, who were known to ...
Clifford C B - - 1989
Newborn calves, like human infants, are uniquely susceptible to bacterial infections. Part of this increased susceptibility may be related to defects in newborn polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) defensive functions. It remains unclear whether reported deficits in newborn PMN function represent maturational disorders or are manifestations of some form of perinatal suppression ...
Winberg J - - 1989
Retrospective studies suggest that circumcision of newborn boys will reduce the frequency of male early infantile urinary tract infection (UTI) by about 90%. If they are correct, this will be the first known instance of a common potentially lethal disease being preventable by extirpation of a piece of normal tissue. ...
Barakat A Y - - 1989
In an attempt to define the incidence of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urogenital system in Lebanon, 37,500 consecutive hospital records of newborn infant delivered at the American University of Beirut Medical Center from 1975 to 1985 were reviewed. The study revealed 6.32 abnormalities per 1000 newborns. These figures ...
Stoll C - - 1989
The hypothesis has been tested that an unusual maternal acetylator phenotype can predispose to congenital malformations in the fetus. The acetylator phenotype of normal caucasian control women and of mothers of malformed children was established by measuring urinary sulphadimidine and its acetylated metabolite. A further control group was the fathers ...
Hopkins B - - 1988
The ability to terminate crying (quieting) without intervention was studied from 0 to 18 weeks. Two groups were involved: 11 newborns during the first hour after birth and a longitudinal group of 14 infants seen every 3 weeks from 3 to 18 weeks. Most newborns who cried showed quieting with ...
Merkt H - - 1988
The newborn guanaco (Lama quanaco e ) is covered by an extra fetal membrane. It shares this characteristic with the newborns of old-world camelids. This membrane, which is lubricated by the watery amnionic fluid typical for camelids, facilitates the delivery of the conceptus. the newborn gets rid of this membrane ...
Barber K A - - 1988
Skin disease in pregnancy generally produces increased concern among attending physicians. Not only is the diagnosis often a problem but the safety of the therapy may also be a concern. The author of this article presents three common skin problems and their treatments to illustrate the general principles used in ...
Jorgensen S H - - 1988
Newer techniques for diagnosing early pregnancy have shown that post-implantation embryo loss may be four times the accepted rate of 15%-20%. This article describes various causes of spontaneous abortion and its clinical evaluation and treatment, and proffers suggestions for answering the questions of women who have experienced this loss.
O'Sullivan A M - - 1988
Purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) obtained from isolates of Campylobacter fetus ss. fetus and Campylobacter jejuni impaired fetal development when administered to mice on day 13 of pregnancy. Strikingly more fetal resorption was produced by C. jejuni LPS than by similar amounts of C. fetus ss. fetus LPS. Three of the four ...
Borkenhagen R H - - 1988
Transport technology in the last 35 years has created new environmental frontiers in which family physicians are, and will continue to be, involved both in research and in administering patient care. Some frontiers address basic physiological problems that cross over into others. In a series of four articles, the author ...
Zeller W P - - 1988
The role of endotoxin in newborn septic shock is reviewed. Metabolic and cardiovascular changes, as known to us, are described with special emphasis that the newborn is not a "small adult." Developmental or maturational changes are hypothesized to be the major cause of these differences between age groups. Finally, it ...
Borkenhagen R H - - 1988
Over the last 35 years transport technology has created new environmental frontiers in which family physicians are, and will continue to be, involved both in research and in administering patient care. Some frontiers address basic physiological problems that cross over into others. In a series of four articles, the author ...
Borkenhagen R H - - 1988
Over the last 35 years, transport technology has created new environmental frontiers in which family physicians are, and will continue to be, involved both in research and in administering patient care. Some frontiers address basic physiological problems that cross over into others. In a series of four articles, the author ...
Swerlick R A - - 1988
C5a is an 11,000-Da complement-derived inflammatory glycoprotein that has been shown to mediate inflammatory reactions in vitro as well as in vivo in human skin. The C5a degradation product, C5a des Arg, is rapidly formed after exposure of C5a to serum carboxypeptidase N and may represent the relevant C5-derived inflammatory ...
Wyatt P R - - 1988
In Canada today, the average family size is declining and the expectation of most couples regarding health for their children is rising. These trends are placing more "value" on each pregnancy. Couples who are concerned about future pregnancies are now more often seeking advice relating to their family history and ...
Borkenhagen R H - - 1988
Over the last 35 years transport technology has created new environmental frontiers, both in research and in the administration of patient care, in which family physicians are, and will continue to be, involved. Some of these frontiers address basic physiological problems that become interconnected with others. The author describes six ...
Taïeb A - - 1988
A male newborn presented at birth with marked skin fragility and widespread erosions of the face, scalp, trunk and extremities. Abnormal associated findings included: cleft palate, hypoplastic low-set ears, bilateral synechiae of the first and second toes, incomplete fusion of both eyelids, and dystrophic nails. There was no evidence of ...
Dhellemmes C - - 1988
An 1,860 g baby girl was born spontaneously after a 38 weeks pregnancy with important foetal hypotrophy and died at 6 weeks of life. She had an inverted duplication of a small part of the short arm of chromosome 1p:46, XX, inv dup(1) (pter p31::p11p13::p31 ter). This observation is compared ...
Ogawa S - - 1987
The effect of milrinone on mechanical function was studied in the isolated arterially perfused heart of the fetal (28th day of gestation) and newborn rabbits. The inotropic effect of milrinone in the fetus was significantly less than in the newborn. After milrinone infusion, myocardial cyclic AMP levels increased significantly in ...
Bessler H - - 1987
The ability of peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from newborn infants, their mothers and healthy adults to produce interleukin 1 (IL-1) was examined. It was found that newborn and maternal mononuclear cells have a normal capacity to produce IL-1. In addition, a lower stimulatory activity of IL-1 production was found ...
- - 1987
This trial concerned an injury in a newborn child which was allegedly caused by an accident involving the mother during her pregnancy. The trial is widely accepted as a turning-point in law related to fetal injury, conferring the right of a child to claim compensation at birth for injuries inflicted ...
Wong S C - - 1987
To determine the effects of aerobic fitness on pregnancy and the newborn, 20 primigravid subjects were studied throughout gestation and immediately postpartum. The subjects were classified as trained (T = 10) or untrained (UT = 10) based on the heart rate response to submaximal cycle ergometry testing done in each ...
Nazarali A J - - 1987
The disposition of the N-cyanoethyl analogue of tranylcypromine (TCP) and the TCP formed from it have been studied in the rat brain following intraperitoneal (ip) administration (0.1 mmol/kg) and the resultant data compared with those obtained following an equimolar dose of TCP. Brain concentrations of the neurotransmitter amines dopamine (DA) ...
Benaroch P - - 1987
A chronic suppression of Igh-1b and Igh-3b (IgG2a and IgG2b of b haplotype) allotype expression has been induced by injecting T splenocytes from normal BALB/c or BC8 mice into newborn F1 hybrids of appropriate Igh congenic strains: BALB/c into (BALB/c Igha X CB20 Ighb)F1 and BC8 into (BC8 Igha X ...
Gilmore R - - 1987
Pre-term neonates are at increased risk for neurological dysfunction. Several investigators have found scalp recorded somatosensory evoked potential studies (SSEPs) after median nerve stimulation useful in the evaluation of newborn infants with asphyxiation and the effects of other adverse prenatal and perinatal factors. In order to evaluate the entire developing ...
Rossolini G M - - 1987
Immunity against tetanus in newborn and in mother-newborn couples was studied in a sample of population from the Siena area, Italy. Mother-newborn antitetanus antibody transfer and the decrease of passively acquired antitoxin, in newborn after birth, were evaluated too. Antitetanus immunity was detected by a passive haemagglutination assay. A high ...
Hu H - - 1987
This report describes a new fetal hemoglobin variant, Hb F-Xinjiang, which was observed in a newborn baby of the Han nationality. Its electrophoretic mobility at pH 8.6 was slower than that of Hb D. Structural analyses identified the variant as A gamma T25(B7)Gly----Arg. Heat stability test showed that the variant ...
Zanardo V - - 1987
The aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum activities were evaluated in the first 12 hrs of life in 26 newborns small-for-gestational age, and correlated with birth weight and gestational age. We found a positive correlation between the ALT serum activity and both birth weight and gestational age of ...
Coelho J C - - 1987
Applications of electromyographic and endoscopic manometric techniques in experimental and clinical studies have enhanced our knowledge of the normal physiology and motility disturbances of the sphincter of Oddi. The sphincter of Oddi has an active role in coordinating the time and rate of secretion of biliopancreatic juice into the duodenum. ...
Anderson C - - 1986
By age 16 one in three adolescents have experienced sexual intercourse. Because one-third of these sexually active teens never use contraception, they have a five-times greater risk of pregnancy than teenagers who take contraceptive measures. In 1982, one in 23 Canadian teenage girls became pregnant. Teenagers' reasons for not using ...
Kato N - - 1986
Acetylcholinesterase staining and double labeling techniques were used to study the subdivision of the lateral posterior nucleus (LP) of the thalamus in newborn kittens. The LP was divided into acetylcholinesterase-positive and -negative parts, which densely project onto the lateral and medial banks of the lateral suprasylvian area, respectively. These results ...
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