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Results 351 - 400 of 549
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Whitman-Elia G F - - 1997
Major congenital anomalies occur in approximately 4% of the newborn population. Although this risk is apparently the same for in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies, couples having assisted reproduction therapy should receive appropriate genetic counseling, because coincidental maloccurrences are often erroneously linked to the technology. We report a case of newborn ...
Lavery J P - - 1997
The placenta is a marker of biologic events that occur during pregnancy. Placental pathologic examination gives insight to pregnancy-related insults, which affect the newborn at and after birth. Clinicians and risk managers can use this information to identify the cause of newborn complications in cases suggested to be birth-related injuries.
Klein M B - - 1996
The tetrazolium salt, MTT (3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide), was used to evaluate the viability of fresh native human skin and cryopreserved human skin under a wide variety of conditions. Viability of fresh and cryopreserved skin was determined with our modification of the MTT assay, and compared with the well-described tetrazolium reductase assay. ...
Energin M - - 1996
The data for this report were derived from 61 newborns and their mothers. Of the newborns 45.9 percent had one-minute Apgar scores of less than seven, and 54.1 percent had Apgar scores of seven or greater. The five-minute Apgar score was less than 7 in 6.6 percent of cases. While ...
Grant A - - 1996
Varicella occurring in pregnancy can be dangerous for the fetus, the mother, and the newborn. The fetus may experience multiple system damage. The mother and newborn are at increased risk for varicella pneumonia with a 9% and 20% fatality rate, respectively. The recent introduction of the varicella vaccine will affect ...
Soriano D - - 1996
We evaluated the safety of operative laparoscopy for the management of ectopic pregnancy in 119 women with hypovolemic shock. In 19 (16.0%) of these women hypovolemic shock was based on a combination of signs and symptoms including hypotension, tachycardia, anxiety, thirst, tachypnea, and slow capillary refill. The table below presents ...
Penny-MacGillivray T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of early admission bathing on thermoregulation in newborns. DESIGN: Randomized, comparative study. SETTING: A regional hospital providing primary and secondary newborn care. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred healthy, full-term newborns. INTERVENTIONS: Newborns in the investigational group with a minimum rectal temperature of 36.5 degrees C. were bathed ...
Chervenak F A - - 1996
The clinical management of the HIV-infected pregnant woman and newborns involves multifaceted ethical challenges. We have argued that rights-based approaches, based on a civil rights model, are not adequate to clinically address these challenges. We have argued instead for a more nuanced ethical framework that emphasizes the beneficence-based obligations of ...
Erramouspe J - - 1996
Sniffing of volatile organic solvents containing toluene, such as acrylic paints, glues, adhesives, paint thinners, varnishes and shoe polishes, has become increasingly frequent in recent years. Renal tubular acidosis is one of a number of human complications reported in the offspring of mothers inhaling toluene during pregnancy. This article reports ...
Creinin MD - - 1996
Emergency contraception (postcoital contraception, the "morning-after pill") has been available for almost 30 years but remains vastly underutilized. As many as 50% of undesired pregnancies could be prevented with the use of emergency contraception. Currently used regimens include ethinyl estradiol/norgestrel (the Yuzpe regimen) and copper-containing IUDs. The limiting side effects ...
Michelsson K - - 1996
During the first 1-2 h after birth crying occurs during separation from the mother and stops on reunion. In rats, such "separation distress calls" have distinct phonetic properties. We examined this early crying by sound spectrography in 29 healthy, full-term, vaginally delivered babies, randomly assigned either to be kept in ...
Merry C - - 1996
Abnormalities of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function contribute to high rates of postoperative infection in the newborn and to the vulnerability of newborns to overwhelming bacterial and fungal sepsis. The authors investigated (1) the effects of major surgery and sepsis on PMN chemotaxis in the newborn and (2) the role of ...
Costa-Carvalho B T - - 1996
In order to study placental transfer of IgG subclasses, paired blood samples were collected from mothers and umbilical cord of preterm (N = 69) and full-term (N = 68) newborns. The full-term group was further divided into 3 subgroups: appropriate for gestational age (AGA, N = 43), large for gestational ...
Zhao Y - - 1996
A LINE-1 element, LIC105, was found in the Mus musculus domesticus inbred strain, C57BL/6J. Upon sequencing, this element was found to belong to a M. spretus LINE-1 subfamily originating within the last 0.2 million years. This is the second spretus-specific LINE-1 subfamily found to be represented in C57BL/6J. Although it ...
Priestley G C - - 1996
We recently made a double-blind safety-in-use comparison of four different brands of baby wipes using a panel of 302 infants over a period of 10 weeks. For the first two weeks, only soap and water was used to clean the babies' skin after each diaper change, and then for the ...
Bielecki M - - 1996
The study was carried out on 20 newborns with diagnosed premature ablation of placenta of 0,I,II clinical degree. In comparison to healthy newborns (n = 30) statistically significant differences were proved in: ATIII activity-48% (65%), plasminogen concentration-50% (63%), alpha 2antyplasmin activity 53% (67%); euglobulin clot fibrinolysis time 70 (95) min., ...
Kowalska A - - 1995
Alpha-1-antitrypsin phenotypes of umbilical cord serum from 741 Polish newborns were studied by isoelectric focusing. The frequencies of the PI alleles were: PI*M1 = 0.7199, PI*M2 = 0.1613, PI*M3 = 0.0965, PI*S = 0.0094, PI*Z = 0.0067, and PI*Var(F,I,L) = 0.0060. The data obtained for Poland were compared to those ...
Wagerle L C - - 1995
Ovine fetal cerebral arteries exhibit an enhanced contractile response to norepinephrine (NE) compared with newborns and adults. It is possible that beta-adrenergic receptors and/or nitric oxide (NO), a putative endothelium-dependent relaxing factor, differentially modulate cerebrovascular responsiveness to NE as a function of development. The present study evaluated the effect of ...
Zirn J R - - 1995
A newborn boy had junctional epidermolysis bullosa, duodenal obstruction, and gastric infarction, a newly described combination that extends the spectrum of gastrointestinal findings associated with junctional epidermolysis bullosa. The infant underwent feeding jejunostomy, but died 16 days after birth. This report emphasizes the need for gastrointestinal assessment in any neonate ...
Chen C K - - 1995
The performance of the Baby Check Score System for grading severity of acute systemic illness in infants under 6 months of age was assessed prospectively in 394 of the 495 babies who were brought to the Emergency Room of Veterans General Hospital (VGH), Taipei from April 1, 1992 to July ...
Toppare M F - - 1995
Normal limits of periumbilical skin were determined in 304 newborn babies in the first 24 h. Cranial umbilical skin (SD) was 12.36 (3.23) mm and caudal umbilical skin (SD) was 8.76 (3.10) mm on the average. It is recommended that cranial umbilical skin measurement should be included in the examination ...
Legras B - - 1995
Blood collected from 62 fetuses aged 20-38 weeks of gestation was studied. The values of ten lipid parameters were determined: cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1), apolipoprotein B (apo B), apolipoprotein E (apo E), total apolipoprotein CIII (apo CIII), apolipoprotein CIII present in particles containing apo B (apo ...
Spiewak P - - 1995
The authors have compared the frequency of occurrence of nasal septum deformation in two groups of newborns, using the simplest testing methods for: 1. newborns born by spontaneous labor (254 newborns), 2. newborns born by caesarean section (52 newborns). The deformation from the central position of the nose were found ...
Platz-Christensen J J - - 1994
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) represents a disturbance in the vaginal microflora with a massive overgrowth of predominantly anaerobic bacteria resulting in a disagreeable vaginal discharge. The syndrome of BV has been described in the medical literature since the turn of the century. BV has been considered as an unpleasant but essentially ...
Meyer D J - - 1994
The kinetics of spontaneous and human glutathione transferase catalysed formation of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) from glutathione (GSH) and n-butyl- or amyl nitrite have been studied. At physiological pH and temperature, k2 values of 22.3 and 21.0 M-1.min-1 were obtained for n-butyl- and amyl nitrites, respectively. Rate enhancements, (kcat/Km x k2) x ...
Toyosaka A - - 1994
The most common aetiology of meconium ileus is a deficiency in trypsin activity caused by cystic fibrosis. The pathogenesis of meconium ileus without mucoviscidosis is less well understood, although a number of causative factors have been suggested. The symptoms and clinical course of nine patients with meconium ileus without mucoviscidosis ...
Reidenbach M M - - 1994
We studied the topography of the elbow region with special regard to the ulnar nerve during fetal life. Plastinated 600 microns thick sections through the right and left arms of ten fetuses with a crown-rump length (CRL) of 105 to 360 mm and of a newborn infant were investigated. The ...
Heller R M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an endotracheal tube modified by incorporation of a fiberoptic strand in the wall and connected to a light source could be safely and reliably positioned in premature and full-term newborns using transdermal siting of a bright spot on the skin at the suprasternal notch of the ...
Antikainen T - - 1994
The right coronal sutures of twelve (12) newborn rabbits were fixed with commercially available, self-reinforced poly-L-lactide miniplates, with eight (8) rabbits sham treated with titanium miniplate fixation as reference experiments, in order to demonstrate the possible effects on skull growth. After six (6) months follow-up, both types of plate were ...
Chai C - - 1994
The contents of total and methyl mercury in scalp hair samples of 1179 fishermen living in a typical Hg-polluted region in northeast China and 27 lying-in women and their newborns in Beijing have been determined by INAA, GC(EC), and other techniques. Only 18 of all fishermen had Hg contents above ...
Froberg M K - - 1993
We have developed a model for congenital syphilis in the rabbit. This report provides additional information on newborn tissue pathology in animals that were infected in utero. A total of 35 pregnancies were evaluated, each containing 6 to 12 newborns. In the infected group, the mortality was approximately 50%; of ...
Bhatia B D - - 1993
A total of 72 newborns and their mothers were studied to assess the influence of various variables on the motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and Hoffman's reflex latency (H-RL) of the babies with a view to differentiate fullterm and preterm low birth weight babies. MNCV were significantly lower and H-RL ...
Chen S C - - 1993
Factor VII deficiency is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by a normal partial thromboplastin time and a prolonged prothrombin time. Definite diagnosis of this condition requires a specific Factor VII assay. Its quite uncommon occurrence in the newborn was first described by Alexander and associates in 1951. A one-day-old ...
Bergström S - - 1993
A case-control study of parturient women with newborns dying during the first 24 hours of life was undertaken at the Maputo Central Hospital. A total of 36 such parturients were recruited on a consecutive basis. For each case woman two referent women randomly selected among parturients with newborns surviving the ...
Fréry N - - 1993
Fetal toxicity of cadmium (Cd) is well documented in rodents. However, little information is available regarding the human fetus. To investigate the effect of low levels of Cd on the human placenta and the consequences on birthweight, we conducted a study of 102 mothers and their newborns in an obstetrical ...
Hill A - - 1993
Detailed neurological assessment is of major importance for the accurate diagnosis and prediction of outcome of acute hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the term newborn. Because the clinical features of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy are nonspecific, the diagnosis of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury should be made with caution and only in the context of historical ...
Beigi B - - 1993
Thirty three children with classical galactosaemia diagnosed through newborn screening are considered. It is concluded that cataract formation has a direct relationship with poor dietary control. Erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate (Gal-1-P) levels do not correspond to cataract formation unless many times higher than normal. The value of crystalline lens biomicroscopy is confirmed ...
Dos Santos C - - 1993
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a product of arachidonic acid metabolism and a potent chemoattractant for adult polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). LTB4 may be an important inflammatory mediator in neonatal lung disorders such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, but neonatal PMN chemotaxis to LTB4 has not been studied. We compared total PMN migration and ...
Adhikari M - - 1993
A comparison of cranial ultrasonography, CK-BB and neurological assessment was undertaken in 30 (16 severely, 14 moderately) asphyxiated newborns. In the 16 severely asphyxiated newborns, cranial ultrasonography proved to be of value when changes of 'cerebral oedema' persisted for longer than 48 hrs. Although the mean creatine-kinase (CK-BB) activity at ...
Valcamonico A - - 1993
Low dose Aspirin in pregnancy reduces the incidence of intra uterine growth retardation (IUGR) and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) in women at risk for these complications. To investigate if this drug, even in a low dose, could expose the newborn to hemorrhagic complications, we studied ten neonates whose mothers had ...
Bari S - - 1992
Biliverdins with extended conformations are reduced by biliverdin reductase (BvR) at higher rates than biliverdins with helical conformations. To find out the molecular basis for this important feature of BvR mechanism, helical and extended biliverdins were titrated for their acid-base equilibria in a protic solvent (methanol). It was found that ...
Sinibaldi J - - 1992
Five hundred and fifty samples of blood collected from the umbilical cords of an equivalent number of newborns were analyzed for serological evidence of congenital toxoplasmosis based on the detection of IgG and IgM. Six newborns presented serological evidence of congenital toxoplasmosis (IgM > 1:5, < 80 IU/ml), which represents ...
Birk E - - 1992
To assess the effect of fetal hypothyroidism during late gestation on postnatal cardiovascular responsiveness, we measured heart rate and cardiac output responses to isoproterenol in newborn lambs. To evaluate the effect of such altered thyroid status on the development of beta-adrenergic signaling cascade, we measured myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor concentration and ...
Soppela P - - 1992
1. The localization and cellular morphology of adipose tissue was studied by light, fluorescence and electron microscopy in reindeer between 2 weeks pre partum and 4.5 months post partum during calving, and the subsequent growth period. The respiratory capacity of the adipose tissue was examined in terms of morphometric mitochondrial ...
Nishida A - - 1992
Opsonin activity (OA) was investigated in serum samples from cord blood of 11 full-term newborn infants and 12 healthy adult volunteers by the method of luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (L-CL) and Cypiridina luciferin analog-dependent chemiluminescence (CLA-CL) together with the measurement of complement components (C3, C4, C3A and properdin). CL and complement components ...
Antoszewska A - - 1992
The paper presents a preliminary analysis of the properties of the 1034 families of newborns examined in 1977-78 in Białystok and Zambrów. This analysis also involves the course of pregnancy and delivery, placenta properties, and some traits indicative of the new born status (including diseases, malformations, trauma, blood groups, serological ...
Goldaber K G - - 1991
There is no clearly established umbilical artery pH cutoff to be used for defining pathologic fetal acidemia (ie, the threshold associated with major neonatal morbidity or mortality). Classically, a pH cutoff of less than 7.20 has been used. Our goal was to define this pH cutoff more precisely. There were ...
Matorras R - - 1991
Two pregnancies in a patient with a fixed-rate pacemaker are reported. The first pregnancy was uneventful. The second had no maternal complications either. A moderate tachysystolia was detected during the second period. The newborn was delivered with forceps applied under spinal anesthesia. Newborn infant evolution presented no hazards, but umbilical ...
Nedeljković M - - 1991
Placental transfer of fluoride was investigated by fluoride determination in the bones and teeth of newborn rabbits whose mothers had been treated with fluoride during pregnancy. The mothers were given doses of 0, 0.10, 0.52 and 1.05 mmol fluoride per kg body weight as sodium fluoride, from the 16th day ...
Rajoo R D - - 1991
A newborn baby with a severe congenital constriction band associated with pseudarthrosis and impending gangrene of the foot is described. Early one-stage circumferential excision of the band with immediate wound closure by multiple Z-plasties salvaged the compromised foot. The pseudarthrosis indicated the severely compressive nature of the fibrous band. The ...
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