Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 548
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Borkhardt A - - 2003
A single case is described of congenital leukaemia with 11q23/MLL rearrangement in a preterm female newborn. Because of arachnophobia, the mother had heavily abused aerosolised permethrin, a widely used household insecticide. Permethrin is considered comparatively safe, but, in view of the mother's history, its potential to induce cleavage of the ...
Kirchengast S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: At both extremes of reproductive phase, female cycles are characterized by a high rate of anovulation, and pregnancies at these phases of reproductive span are considered as risky for obstetric complications, poor pregnancy outcome and increased maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. AIM: To analyse if this high rate ...
Malzacher Andreas - - 2003
Lithium medication during pregnancy is uncommon and the problems of a neonate who has been exposed to lithium represents a rare situation in neonatology. The clinical presentation and management of a newborn whose mother received lithium during pregnancy is presented. The newborn manifested a four day course of lethargy with ...
Abdel-Haq Nahed - - 2002
Scalp abscess in the newborn is usually a complication of fetal scalp monitoring and is typically polymicrobial, reflecting maternal vaginal flora. We present a newborn with no apparent scalp trauma who developed scalp abscess that yielded pure growth of Mycoplasma hominis. The clue to diagnosis was the growth of pinpoint ...
Okoko B J - - 2002
Having established previously that prematurity in The Gambia is associated with impaired maternofetal transfer of some specific antibodies, we investigated the influence of low birthweight and prematurity on placental transfer of IgG subclasses in 180 Gambian mothers and their newborn babies. A physician-blinded, cross-sectional study of 180 mother-baby pairs was ...
Yagev Yaron - - 2002
One of my pregnant patients consumes four cans of tuna a week. She became very concerned when she read that tuna contains methylmercury, which is toxic to the fetal brain. How should I advise her? Fresh tuna might contain toxic levels of methylmercury, but levels are much lower in canned ...
Rapley Gill G UNICEF, - - 2002
A close examination of the WHO/UNICEF (2001) Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding reveals a central theme: that of keeping mothers and babies together. Two of the steps, in particular, emphasise that close contact is maintained: step four--skin contact and the initiation of breastfeeding, and step seven--rooming-in. The reason for this ...
Curtin William M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using calculated nucleated red blood cell (RBC) counts from histologic placental slides to predict newborn nucleated RBC counts. METHODS: This retrospective study compared absolute nucleated RBC counts from 24 newborns, diagnosed with fetal distress in labor, with counts calculated from their histologic placental slides. ...
Alberti-Fidanza A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the longitudinal trend of total antioxidant capacity (ToAC) in a group of pregnant women and the relationship with their food habits and ToAC of their newborns. METHODS: ToAC of 12 pregnant women and of umbilical cord blood was determined by means of the oxygen radical absorbance capacity ...
Kelly Benjamin J - - 2002
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is the absence of localized or widespread areas of skin at birth. A frequently cited classification schema is based on location and the presence of associated anomalies. Histologically it is characterized by dermal fibrosis and absence of adenexal structures. We present a newborn female with extensive ...
Gross Michael L - - 2002
Abortion, particularly later-term abortion, and neonaticide, selective non-treatment of newborns, are feasible management strategies for fetuses or newborns diagnosed with severe abnormalities. However, policy varies considerably among developed nations. This article examines abortion and neonatal policy in four nations: Israel, the US, the UK and Denmark. In Israel, late-term abortion ...
Elgendy E M - - 2002
Epoxidation of imperatorin (1a) with m-chloroperbenzoic acid (mcpba) under the irradiation of gamma-ray gave a mixture of epoxide 3a and dioxofuran 4a. Whereas, alloimperatorin (1b) under the same condition obtained the epoxide 3b as a sole product. On the other hand, it was successfully epoxidized xanthotoxin (1c) with mcpba under ...
Ludwikowski Barbara - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The existence, development, and function of the rectovaginal fascia has been discussed in literature. In women, a defect in the fascia leads to rectoceles and severe constipation. In pediatric textbooks for anorectal or urogenital surgery, however, it is not mentioned. Does the fascia exist in children? METHODS: The pelvises ...
Thomsen J S - - 2002
Topically applied aspirin has recently been reported to decrease histamine-induced itch in human volunteers. Our aim is to confirm this and to study the antipruritic ability of topical aspirin in inflamed skin. In 24 non-atopic volunteers, an inflammatory skin reaction was induced in forearm skin at 5 different sites by ...
Sala M - - 2001
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is an organochlorine compound widespread in the environment, highly lipophilic, that accumulates in biological systems. It has been suggested that it should be classified as a dioxin-like compound. Newborns are exposed to organochlorine compounds across the placenta and through breastfeeding. Although HCB is one of the most common ...
Aljabre S H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tinea versicolor causes scaly macular lesions which vary in color from white to brown. In patients with dark skin, tinea versicolor is thought to have a tendency to be hypopigmented. This view has not been formally documented. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the pigmentary changes of lesions of ...
Ihan-Hren N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the functional and morphological compensation of the lack of integrity in the upper part of the oral cavity in newborns with isolated cleft palate. Integrity of the upper part of the oral cavity is required for the effective pumping of amniotic fluid, the essential mode of nutrition ...
Youssef W - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vernix caseosa is a proteolipid biofilm synthesized by the human fetus, which progressively covers the fetal skin surface during the last trimester of pregnancy. The exact physiological functions of vernix are unclear. Hypothetically, it serves a role in "waterproofing" the fetus during the critical period of epidermal barrier development ...
Carbonell X X Hospital Clinic-Maternitat, Institut Clínic de Ginecologia, Obstetrícia i Neonatologia, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, - - 2001
The aim is to establish the correlation between transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) and serum bilirubin (TSB) and its predictive value for significant hyperbilirubinaemia > or = 290 mcmol/L (17 mg/dL). We studied a total of 2004 healthy full-term newborns, weight 3.230 g +/- 491 g; 90% received breast milk. The study ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2001
An association of the phosphoglucomutase locus 1 (PGM1) genetic polymorphism with repeated spontaneous abortion (RSA), with intrauterine development in both normal and diabetic pregnancies, and with fertility has been reported in previous studies. In view of the evolutionary interest and of a possible clinical relevance of PGM1 selection during intrauterine ...
de Jong C L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyse whether pregnancies resulting in a small for gestational age neonate are preceded by a prostacyclin deficiency or an imbalance between thromboxane and prostacyclin. STUDY DESIGN: At five fixed time points during pregnancy, 24-h urine samples were collected for the measurement of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites thromboxane-B(2) (TXB(2)) ...
Mataloun M M - - 2000
A prospective case-control study was performed to test the hypothesis that the milk Ca and P contents of term, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns' mothers differs from that of term, adequate-for-gestational-age (AGA) newborns' mothers. We studied 71 pairs of mothers and newborns, divided into two groups: I (control): 41 pairs of mothers ...
Herrera E R - - 2000
An infanticide was observed in a group of wild saddle-back tamarins, Saguinus fuscicollis. The newborn singleton was killed by its mother after it had fallen from the carrier several times. This infanticide may represent a case of parental manipulation: the mother terminated investment in an offspring that probably had a ...
Sejekan P - - 2000
The authors report a case of cervical pregnancy successfully treated with combined methods of uterine artery embolization and systemic methotrexate therapy. Unilateral selective embolization may play a role in preserving reproductive functions.
Goodwin T M - - 1999
The evaluation of the depressed newborn as a possible role in intrapartum asphyxia must be based on the objective findings of the fetal heart rate tracing, umbilical cord blood gas, and newborn neurologic function. Using these points as a basis for long-term followup, the following principles have been elucidated: Intrapartum ...
Repiso-Jiménez J B - - 1999
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SFN) is an uncommon disease that affects newborns who have suffered from tissue hypoxia during or following delivery. This disease appears during the first weeks of life. It consists of indurate, erythematous or purple-erythematous nodules and plaques in the skin. Histology of a biopsy ...
Keogh J M - - 1999
This case illustrates 2 main points. Firstly, fetal infection can mimic exactly both the immediate and delayed signs of perinatal asphyxia. Secondly, the placenta may hold the key to the diagnosis of sepsis which may be made difficult in the neonate by labour ward practices such as the use of ...
Olsha M - - 1999
Early identification of congenital hearing loss and early rehabilitation is extremely important. Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) are an efficient tool for hearing screening. Previous studies using click evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) for newborn hearing screening resulted in approximately 70% pass rate, reflecting intact hearing. The aim of our study was to ...
Waldron P - - 1999
Two siblings born 6 years apart presented with similar findings of hepatosplenomegaly, dermal hematopoiesis, hemoglobinuria, and increased platelet consumption, but only moderate anemia and normal serum bilirubin. ABO incompatibility was identified, and other causes were excluded. A review of the current understanding of mechanisms that promote and prevent antibody-mediated hemolysis ...
Czeizel A E - - 1999
Teratogenic studies of oxacillin in humans have not been published. The population-based data-set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities, 1980-1996 contains 22,865 foetuses or newborns with congenital abnormalities and 38,151 matched control newborns without congenital abnormalities. The mothers of 14 cases and 19 controls were treated with oral ...
Yu Y T - - 1998
Among the spliceosomal snRNAs, U2 has the most extensive modifications, including a 5' trimethyl guanosine (TMG) cap, ten 2'-O-methylated residues and 13 pseudouridines. At short times after injection, cellularly derived (modified) U2 but not synthetic (unmodified) U2 rescues splicing in Xenopus oocytes depleted of endogenous U2 by RNase H targeting. ...
Dolobác M - - 1998
The ionic hemolysis in healthy babies during the first year of life was studied. The hemolysis in low as well as high ionic strength was observed. It was found that the hemolysis in low ionic strength is lower during the first year of life in comparison with adults. However, hemolysis ...
Raud J - - 1998
The aim of the study was to measure the effect of mothers' and babies' various anthropometric parameters on the deviation from the normal course of pregnancy and labour. For this purpose the clinical anthropometric parameters of 532 parturients (primipara) and their newborns, and some additional indices formed from these data ...
Hegde S - - 1998
The present study was conducted on 50 expectant mothers and the newborns, with the aim of observing if any, the relationship, acquisition and survival of the maternal vaginal microbiota to the oral microflora after birth. The oral cavity was sterile in 6% of the newborns. The differences between the counts ...
Litwiejko-Pietryńczak E - - 1998
On the basis of retrospective analysis of 1913 deliveries (40-weeks, single, from healthy mothers) that took place in Bialystok hospitals from 1 January to 31 December 1997, the influence of sex and selected paragenetic and environmental factors on the somatic development of newborns was assessed. Mathematical description of the material ...
Chen W H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate possible routes and predictors of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHOD: This was a prospective follow-up study. One hundred and forty-seven out of 1762 pregnant women who were screened in the antenatal clinic of a university teaching hospital were HBsAg carriers. Enzyme immunoassay was used ...
Kaartinen L - - 1997
The pharmacokinetic behaviour of enrofloxacin was compared in four one-day-old and four one-week-old calves in order to find out if there were any age-related differences. Mean volume of distribution (Vd(ss)) and clearance (Cl) were significantly smaller in newborn calves: Vd(ss) was 1.8 and 2.3 L/kg, while clearance was 0.19 and ...
Carignan CS - - 1997
Through data reported in the US Collaborative Review of Sterilization (CREST) study, we have learned that 10-year cumulative failure rates of sterilization done by tubal occlusion are much higher than originally thought. While the small, earlier studies reported failure rates as low as 3 to 4 per 1000 procedures, they ...
Gümüş B - - 1997
Although SWL is now the most common treatment modality for urinary tract stone disease, it is not regarded as a safe method for pregnant patients because of its potential harmful effects on fetus. Using a rabbit model, we investigated whether SWL might cause fetal injury when administered at various developmental ...
Gill T J TJ - - 1997
PROBLEM: To provide an evolutionary perspective on reproductive problems. METHOD OF STUDY: A broad range of evolutionary and reproductive data in the literature were analyzed. RESULTS: Evolutionary considerations provide some insight into two aspects of human reproduction. First, the inefficiency of the reproductive process (20-35% of fertilized ova yield successful ...
Okun N - - 1997
The purpose of this case-control study was to determine the relative importance of various predictors of newborn macrosomia, with particular reference to maternal constitutional factors and glucose intolerance of pregnancy. Macrosomia was defined by both absolute birthweight > or = 4,000 g and birthweight > or = 90th centile for ...
Scott J E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is not usually diagnosed until it is complicated by urinary infection. Prevention probably requires diagnosis in a newborn baby before urinary infection occurs because the peak incidence for infection is in early infancy. VUR is a familial disorder. We sought to find out whether an at-risk ...
Ferreira Neto J S - - 1997
The reproductive performance of 28 sows seropositive to Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae was compared with that of 87 Leptospira sp. seronegative dams belonging to the same herd. Sows were sampled during 1988 to 1993. During this period the herd was not submitted to any kind of intervention (antibiotic therapy, immunoprophylaxis ...
Aydin A - - 1997
The plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and selenium (Se) levels were determined in 31 newborns affected by jaundice (NWJ). The GSH-Px levels of both full-term and premature newborns exhibiting jaundice and having a birthweight lower than 2000 g were significantly low (p < 0.05) when compared to controls. No significant differences ...
Goldstein D J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether first-trimester exposure to fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly used to treat depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders, is associated with increased frequency of fetal malformations. METHODS: We evaluated outcomes of all pregnancies identified prospectively with confirmed first-trimester fluoxetine exposure contained in the Eli Lilly and Company ...
Malinowski A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical condition at birth and some laboratory parameters in newborns of mothers treated for recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) of unknown etiology with paternal lymphocytes immunization. STUDY DESIGN: The study comprised 104 newborns delivered by 102 women with RSA, who underwent ...
Langer J C - - 1997
Intestinal hypomotility is a major problem after repair of gastroschisis. The authors assessed the effect of four clinically available prokinetic agents on intestinal contractility using a rabbit model of gastroschisis. Gastroschisis was surgically created at 24 days' gestation in fetal rabbits. At term, 10-mm ileal muscle strips were harvested, suspended ...
Edwards M S - - 1997
This article reviews the effects of the physiologic changes accompanying pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics of antimicrobials commonly employed during pregnancy. The possible adverse effects on the fetus from maternal use of antibacterials and their excretion into breast milk are reviewed. Principles of antibiotic pharmacology in newborn infants are summarized. The ...
Whitman-Elia G F - - 1997
Major congenital anomalies occur in approximately 4% of the newborn population. Although this risk is apparently the same for in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies, couples having assisted reproduction therapy should receive appropriate genetic counseling, because coincidental maloccurrences are often erroneously linked to the technology. We report a case of newborn ...
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