Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 549
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Ordookhani Arash - - 2007
Transient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) was detected in 6 of 35,067 newborns (1:5845 births) screened in Iran. Antithyroglobulin antibodies positivity was present in 4 of 6 (66.7%) of those with TCH and in 6 of 106 (5.7%) of those with "transient hyperthyrotropinemia and normal" diagnoses (P = .0005), but positivity was ...
Burdzgla I - - 2007
The proper time for hearing screening in newborns via recordings of transiently evoked otoacoustic emission, TEOAE, has been estimated. 269 healthy neonates were investigated during five consecutive days after birth. On the first day, the results of screening were positive in 51 newborns only, 19.0%. In the following days, the ...
Shiu Gary - - 2007
Using Dirac-Born-Infeld inflation as an example, we demonstrate that the detailed geometry of warped compactification can leave an imprint on the cosmic microwave background. We compute cosmic microwave background observables for Dirac-Born-Infeld inflation in a generic class of warped throats and find that the results (such as the sign of ...
Boccardi Daniela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A total of 620 healthy term neonates, randomly selected among babies born at the San Paolo Hospital in Milan (Italy), were examined to study the relationship between birthmarks and transient cutaneous lesions in newborns of different ethnic groups. METHODS: Information on sociodemographic factors and on physiopathological variables of the ...
Pieringer Herwig - - 2007
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) during pregnancy is a very rare event that increases maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. We present a case in which hypocalcemic tetany of the neonatal infant - caused by transient hypoparathyroidism in the child - finally revealed asymptomatic maternal PHP. An apparently healthy 30-year-old woman had ...
Indrio Flavia - - 2007
We investigated the effect of serum bilirubin (SB) on intestinal permeability (IP) of healthy, term, birth weight appropriate for gestational age neonates before phototherapy. IP was measured by the dual probe (lactulose/mannitol) sugar absorption test (SAT) performed on the third day of life in 12 healthy jaundiced newborns (total bilirubin ...
Sukalo Aziz - - 2006
Research was done on pharmacological-physiological development of the bronchial receptor system on the smooth muscles of trachea in the newborn children, alive-born and stillborn children. Monitored was the response on: acetylcholine, dopamine, histamine and serotonin in different molar concentrations 10(-4), 10(-3), 10(-2), 10 mol/dm(-3), micromol/dm(-3)). Research was done on tonus ...
Lisowska-Myjak Barbara - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Meconium has the potential for being the matrix on which markers of fetal exposure to physiologic and non-physiologic agents during intrauterine life can be analyzed. The aim of this study was to compare trypsin and antitrypsin activities and protein concentration during intra- and extrauterine human development based on an ...
Reese Jeff - - 2006
Use of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors to delay preterm birth is complicated by in utero constriction of the ductus arteriosus and delayed postnatal closure. Delayed postnatal closure has been attributed to loss of vasa vasorum flow and ductus wall ischemia resulting from constriction in utero. We used the murine ductus (which ...
Al-Mefraji Sabeeha H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To show the normal standards of trunk and limbs anthropometric measurements in a group of normal full term newborns in Al-Kadhimiya Hospital, Baghdad, and to use the above mentioned standards (as a reference) in the evaluation of newborns, mainly those with dysmorphic features. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried ...
Nelson, Nancy Campbell;
An inferential study comparing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality between two groups of low risk pregnancies was conducted. Group I was comprised of 100 home births managed by certified nurse-midwives with a non-interventionist philosophy of obstetrical practice. Group II was comprised of 100 hospital deliveries managed by obstetricians with ...
Thorlacius Laurel S - - 2006
Everyone has been a newborn, and everyone's mother has been pregnant. Despite the commonality of these events, medical care and the clinical chemistry laboratory's role in it have changed remarkably over the last 50 years. This review is a historical overview of clinical chemistry testing that is related to pregnancy ...
Zampini Massimiliano - - 2006
We investigated whether the perceived roughness of the end of a tool is influenced by the texture of the handle used to hold it. Participants rated the roughness of the ends (caps) of a series of tools by rubbing them along their forearm, and indicated the perceived roughness of the ...
Akkad A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Short telomeres are associated with adult cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to determine whether small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns have shortened telomeres compared with appropriately grown controls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Large tertiary referral unit in Trent, UK. POPULATION: Seventy-two women who delivered at 35-42 weeks of gestation were recruited; ...
Whitehouse Katie - - 2006
Early massage and positive touch in pregnancy can play a big part in helping to build closeness within a family group. I have witnessed an increasing number of dads bringing their babies to baby massage classes--but the power of positive touch can and should start long before that. If the ...
Suda Renata - - 2006
Our purpose was to develop a sonographic technique for clubfoot examination using measured angles to establish a classification system according to severity. Ultrasonography of 24 newborns with 32 clubfeet and 13 newborns with 22 normal feet was performed and measurements obtained. Analysis of components of variance was conducted. Patients with ...
Ein Sigmund H - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review newborns with esophageal atresia (EA) with and without distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) combined with duodenal atresia (DA) or duodenal stenosis (DS) (web, windsock, diaphragm) to determine which clinical features and treatments give the best results. METHODS: Twenty-four newborns were reviewed from ...
Kalhan Satish C - - 2006
Kinetics of leucine and its oxidation were determined in human pregnancy and in the newborn infant, using stable isotopic tracers, to quantify the dynamic aspects of protein metabolism. These data show that in human pregnancy there is a decrease in whole-body rate of leucine turnover compared with nonpregnant women. In ...
Benzer Derya - - 2006
The purpose of this present study was to evaluate the serum levels of ET-1 and TGF-beta in the newborns with respiratory distress. In this study, newborns with respiratory distress hospitalized into the Newborn Intensive Care Unit were included. The highest values of ET-1 and TGF-beta were obtained from newborns with ...
Lansky Amy - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine early postnatal care among healthy newborns during 2000 in 19 states. METHODS: Using data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a multistate population-based postpartum survey of women, we calculated prevalences of early discharge (ED; stays of < or =2 days after vaginal delivery and < or ...
Paris Françoise - - 2006
In the past 15 years, anomalies of male sexual differentiation have greatly increased in both wildlife and humans in different parts of the world. Environmental endocrine disruptors have been implicated in the dramatic rise in neonatal ambiguous genitalia with variable rates of severity, such as micropenis, cryptorchidism, and isolated or ...
Infante-Rivard Claire - - 2005
Findings on the role of thrombophilic polymorphisms in adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly intrauterine growth restriction, are inconsistent. Such inconsistencies may be partly due to two types of effects which have not been considered before with regard to thrombophilic genes: parent-of-origin effects (imprinting) and transmission-ratio distortion effects (allele transmission differing from ...
Lattimore Keri A - - 2005
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are frequently used to treat depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period. These drugs are capable of crossing the placenta and being transferred to the newborn during lactation. This report reviews the available information regarding the effects of SSRIs on the fetus and newborn; including ...
Descamps Olivier S - - 2005
To explore whether the placenta contributes to the lipoprotein metabolism of pregnant women, we took advantage of the fact that placental proteins are encoded from the fetal genome and examined the associations between lipids of 525 pregnant women and the presence, in their newborns, of genetic polymorphisms of LPL and ...
Aubert B - - 2005
We present a search for the decays B0-->e+ e-, B0-->mu+ mu-, and B0-->e (+/-) mu (-/+) in data collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC B Factory. Using a data set of 111 fb(-1), we find no evidence for a signal in any of the ...
Miller Natalie J - - 2005
Pulmonary surfactant has previously been shown to change during development, both in composition and function. Adult pinnipeds, unlike adult terrestrial mammals, have an altered lung physiology to cope with the high pressures associated with deep diving. Here, we investigated how surfactant composition and function develop in California sea lions (Zalophus ...
Kolcić Ivana - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess birth weight of healthy newborns from the City of Zagreb and Zagreb County, Croatia. Birth weights of healthy newborns, born at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Center "Zagreb" in the year 2001, were included into analysis. Since there were ...
García-Algar O - - 2005
The betel nut is commonly used as a drug by Asian populations. A high prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes has been reported in women who chewed betel quid during gestation. The hypothesis that chronic exposure of the fetus to arecoline (the principal alkaloid of the areca nut) is the cause ...
De Felice C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis (HCA) in term newborns is often subclinical and associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of the pulse oximetry perfusion index (PI) in the early prediction of subclinical HCA in term newborns. METHODS: PI cut-off values were first identified in 51 term newborns with ...
Schönberger H J - - 2005
To examine the relationship between prenatal exposure to mite, cat and dog allergens and total serum IgE at birth in newborns at high risk of asthma. In the homes of 221 newborns with at least one first-degree relative with asthma, concentrations (ng/g dust) of allergens of house dust mite (mite), ...
Mohan Satish - - 2005
AIM: To study mercury levels in hair from mothers and newborns in Surinam. METHODS: Hair and urine was collected from thirty-nine mothers of different ethnicity and hair from their newborns. The women delivered in a large hospital in the capital. Mercury analysis was performed. RESULTS: Fourteen (36%) of the mothers ...
Ezgü F S - - 2004
Neonatal hypoxic encephalopathy is one of the major causes of permanent neurological sequel. This study was conducted to investigate serum total, free and acylcarnitine levels in asphyxiated newborns with or without encephalopathy. Serum total, free and acylcarnitine levels were investigated in 21 newborns with and seven asphyxiated newborns without signs ...
Darcie Silvana - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evolution of glycemic levels in newborns of hypertensive mothers according to maternal treatment. METHODS: Prospective randomized study, including 93 newborns of mothers treated with isradipine (n = 39), atenolol (n = 40), or low sodium diet (control group - n=14). Glycemia was determined at birth (mother ...
Shin Yeonghee - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the unique responses of a group of Korean full-term newborns and to describe the pattern of behavior observed in the first few days of life. DESIGN: A descriptive study describing the behavioral patterns of Korean newborns using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty newborns aged 1 ...
Mellor D J - - 2004
Much has been learnt during the last 50 years about the causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity and about practical means for minimising them in newborn lambs, kids, bovine calves, deer calves, foals and piglets. The major causes of problems in these newborns are outlined briefly and include hypothermia due ...
Field Tiffany - - 2004
Depressed (n = 45) and nondepressed (n = 47) mothers were recruited prenatally at an ultrasound clinic. Their urine samples were assayed for cortisol, catecholamines (norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine) and serotonin. Their urines were assayed again at the neonatal period, and their newborns' urines were also assayed at that time. The ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Maternal touch (MT) is an essential part of the initial contact between the mother and her newborn and has developmental effects on the child. MT is known to be reduced in postpartum depression (PPD). The nature of MT in mothers experiencing maternity blues and the effect of parity are ...
Low James A - - 2004
Studies in the research laboratory have demonstrated the complex relationship between fetal and newborn asphyxia and brain damage, a balance between the degree, duration and nature of the asphyxia and the quality of the cardiovascular compensatory response. Clinical studies would support the contention that the human fetus and newborn behave ...
Schulpis K H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A and E are required in physiological processes such as pregnancy and growth. AIM: To evaluate retinol and alpha-tocopherol serum levels in Greek and Albanian mothers and in their newborns. METHODS: Data concerned 1125 Greek and 898 Albanian mothers along with their newborns. Immediately after delivery, blood from ...
Fluhr Joachim W - - 2004
At birth, neonatal stratum corneum (SC) pH is close to neutral but acidifies with maturation, which can be ascribed, in part, to secretory phospholipase A(2) and sodium/hydrogen antiporter 1 (NHE1) activities. Here we assessed the functional consequences of a neutral SC pH in a newborn rat model. While basal transepidermal ...
Bigliardi Paul Lorenzo - - 2004
We present the case of a newborn male with aplasia cutis congenita on the extensor side of the right leg, with unilateral absence of skin on the lower limb. There was no abnormality in pregnancy or birth and there was no associated malformation or skin disease such as blistering or ...
Lucas Michel - - 2004
Seafood consumption during pregnancy carries both benefits (high n-3 FA intake) and risks (exposure to environmental contaminants) for the developing fetus. We determined the impacts of marine n-3 FA and environmental contaminants on gestational age (GA) of Nunavik women and the anthropometric characteristics of their newborns. FA and contaminant (polychlorinated ...
- - 2004
(1) Newborns exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants towards the end of pregnancy sometimes show signs of agitation, altered muscle tone, and breathing and suction problems. Similar symptoms can occur after exposure to tricyclic antidepressants. (2) These neonatal symptoms have been noted with all five SSRI antidepressants available ...
Shera Christopher A - - 2004
We review recent progress in understanding the physical and physiological mechanisms that generate otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Until recently, the conceptual model underlying the interpretation of OAEs has been an integrated view that regards all OAEs as manifestations of cochlear nonlinearity. However, OAEs appear to arise by at least two fundamentally ...
Guihard-Costa A M - - 2004
AIM: To determine the relative influences of some maternal factors on skinfold thickness. The effects of age, parity, height, body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy weight gain (PWG) of the mother on the subscapular skinfold thickness (SST) of the newborn were estimated, and compared with their effects on birthweight (BW), ...
Golan Hava - - 2004
Prenatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is believed to cause permanent neurological deficits in newborns. We investigated the possibility that maternal hypoxia during pregnancy leads to offspring brain damage and its prevention by i.p. administration of MgSO4. Pregnant mice at gestation day 17 were exposed to hypoxia or air following pretreatment with ...
Duarte Denise Faustino - - 2003
Three new structural variants of fetal hemoglobin were detected in newborns during a neonatal screening for Hb S in the southeast of Brazil: Hb F-Campinas [AgammaI121 (GH4)Glu --> Gln], Hb F-Paulinia [Ggamma80(EF4)Asp -->Tyr] and Hb F-Joanopolis [Ggamma73(E17) Asp -->Ala]. These variants were not related to clinical abnormalities
Shibao Harunobu - - 2003
The mechanism of caste differentiation in a social aphid Tuberaphis styraci, which has a sterile soldier caste in the 2nd instar, was investigated using an artificial diet rearing system. High aphid density induced soldier production. Combinatorial prenatal and postnatal density treatments revealed that (1) either prenatal high density or postnatal ...
Aarseth Jo Jorem - - 2003
Seals are unique among mammals in that newborns have a large pineal gland and extremely high plasma levels of melatonin at birth. Melatonin levels are also high in the seal fetus but decline rapidly during the first few days of life. The aim of the present study was to provide ...
Chow E W C - - 2003
To determine whether postmaturity (gestation > 41 weeks), small for gestational age (SGA), and other pregnancy and birth complications that may elevate risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, are associated with elevated risk for schizophrenia in 22q11 Deletion Syndrome (22qDS), a genetic subtype of schizophrenia. Antepartum and intrapartum features were examined in ...
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