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Results 201 - 250 of 541
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Basinski Cindy M - - 2010
TWO HYSTEROSCOPIC PERMANENT STERILIZATION PROCEDURES ARE APPROVED FOR USE IN THE UNITED STATES: Essure® Permanent Birth Control System (Conceptus Incorporated, Mountain View, CA) and Adiana® Permanent Contraception (Hologic, Inc., Bedford, MA). This review compares the clinical trial data for these procedures. A notable difference is the resultant clinical pregnancy risk. ...
Filho E Santos - - 2010
Over the last 30 years the process of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) has evolved considerably, yet the efficiency of this treatment remains relatively poor. The principal challenge faced by doctors and embryologists is the identification of the embryo with the greatest potential for producing a child. Current methods of embryo ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2010
There was a significant male excess in the newborns of pregnant women with severe chronic constipation during pregnancy compared to pregnant women without constipation and pregnant women with new onset severe constipation, during pregnancy.
Ebrahimi Neda - - 2010
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is a common medical condition in pregnancy with significant physical and psychological morbidity. Up to 90% of women will suffer from NVP symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy with up to 2% developing hyperemesis gravidarum which is NVP at its worst, leading to ...
Mastrangelo Giuseppe - - 2010
The Italian Protective Maternity Legislation allows a woman to apply for early maternity leave from work during pregnancy if she is affected by health problems (option A) or if her working conditions are incompatible with pregnancy (option B). A community based health education program, implemented between 1995 to 1998 in ...
Carlsen S M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) tends to run in families and excess intrauterine androgen exposure has been suggested as one possible cause of PCOS. We wanted to study the relationship between maternal and offspring sex hormone levels and the possible effects of metformin treatment in PCOS pregnancies. METHODS: We performed ...
Mottet Christian - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: High-grade evidence is lacking for most therapeutic decisions in Crohn's disease. Appropriateness criteria were developed for upper gastro-intestinal, extra-intestinal manifestations and drug safety during conception, pregnancy and breastfeeding in patients with Crohn's disease, to assist the physician in clinical decision making. METHODS: The European Panel on the Appropriateness of ...
Owe Katrine Mari - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between regular exercise before and during pregnancy and excessive newborn birth weight. METHODS: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, 36,869 singleton pregnancies lasting at least 37 weeks were included. Information on regular exercise was based on answers from two questionnaires distributed ...
Novikova N - - 2009
A case of an attempted suicide with atypical antipsychotic (clozapine) in late pregnancy is reported. Toxic effects of clozapine in the mother as well as in the fetus and newborn were observed. It should be remembered as a rare cause of unexplained loss of consciousness in pregnant women, a cause ...
Berlin Ivan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is associated with reduced monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) activity. Smoking-associated low MAOA activities in pregnancy and in newborns may have negative perinatal and postnatal consequences. We aimed to compare, in everyday clinical conditions, biomarkers of MAOA activity in smoking (SPW) and lifetime nonsmoking pregnant women (NSPW) and ...
Kazemi Alinaghi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has important health implications for the mother and infant. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in pregnancy and to examine the probable correlation between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in maternal blood and in neonates' cord ...
Hincz Piotr - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of maternal obesity on pregnancy course, delivery and newborn well-being. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data about women who delivered in PMMH was analyzed and obese pregnant women (pre-pregnancy BMI > or =30) were included in the study group; the rest ...
Vakilian Katayun - - 2009
The objective was to investigate the effect two modes of labor (vaginal delivery and elective cesarean section) on thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) as markers of lipid peroxidation, total antioxidant power (ferric reducing ability, TAP), and total thiol molecules (TTM) in blood of mothers and their newborns. One hundred and twenty ...
Saadat Sabiha - - 2009
Man's quest to know about his origin has led him to search his roots and the best source for him has been religious scriptures. The greatest miracle is the Holy Quraan. There is an elegant description of origin, development and step by step developmental stages of intra-uterine life in Quraan. ...
Ngawhirunpat Tanasait - - 2009
This study reports on the use of electrospun polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofiber mats loaded with meloxicam (MX) as a transdermal drug delivery system. The amounts of MX loaded in the base PVA solution (10% w/v solution) were 2.5, 5, 10 and 20% weight, based on the dry weight of PVA ...
Vaglio Stefano - - 2009
Human pheromones play a role in regulating relationships and apparently influence partner choice and mother-infant recognition. We analyzed the chemical content of volatiles from sweat patch samples from the para-axillary and nipple-areola regions of women during pregnancy and after childbirth. Solid phase microextraction was used to extract the volatile compounds, ...
Iuchi Manabu - - 2009
Hot-bitumen burn is a unique case in all types of burns. This melting substance is difficult to remove when it adheres to the skin and solidifies. It causes burns and sticks to the skin when it is cooled to the skin temperature. Some reports are available on many kinds of ...
Dubnov-Raz Gal - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Prolongation of the QT interval is a risk factor for sudden death. Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor antidepressants can prolong the QT interval and are widely used by pregnant women. Whether antenatal exposure to selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor causes QT prolongation in offspring is unknown. The aim of this study was to ...
Schaefer-Graf Ute M - - 2008
To determine the contribution of maternal glucose and lipids to intrauterine metabolic environment and fetal growth in pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In 150 pregnancies, serum triglycerides (TGs), cholesterol, free fatty acids (FFAs), glycerol, insulin, and glucose were determined in maternal serum and cord blood during the 3rd trimester. ...
Goedhart Geertje - - 2008
It is not clear to what extent ethnic differences in the term birthweight distribution are constitutional or pathological. This study explored term birthweight heterogeneity between ethnic groups and the explanatory role of constitutional and environmental factors. As part of a prospective cohort study, the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development ...
Yousheng Jia - - 2008
Intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) offspring exhibit increased appetite and a propensity to adult obesity. Although the rate of newborn catch-up growth may determine the programming of adult obesity,there is little understanding of mechanisms by which orexigenic pathways are modified. Ghrelin is an orexigenic peptide that acts in the hypothalamic arcuate ...
van Gammeren A J - - 2008
Routine screening for maternal immunization in a 36-year-old woman revealed an alloimmunization against the high-incidence Vel antigen during a second pregnancy. Because of the development of immunoglobulin G-type anti-Vel, the infant developed haemolytic disease of the newborn, with severe jaundice and reticulocytosis. Phototherapy was needed to reduce hyperbilirubinaemia.
Kaplan Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of visual screening with transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) in identifying neonates with plasma total bilirubin (PTB) > or =75th percentile. DESIGN: In 100 paired readings PTB was 34 +/- 24 micromol/L higher than the TcB counterpart. A TcB reading of 154 micromol/L was therefore regarded as equivalent to a ...
Pathak Rahul - - 2008
Humans are exposed to various environmental chemicals such as organochlorine pesticide residues, heavy metals, polychlorinatedbiphenyls (PCBs) etc. There is paucity of data regarding the present blood levels of organochlorine residues in North Indian population with reference to reproductive health. The present study was designed to analyze the levels of organochlorine ...
Taljaard Monica - - 2008
Cluster-based studies involving aggregate units such as hospitals or medical practices are increasingly being used in healthcare evaluation. An important characteristic of such studies is the presence of intracluster correlation, typically quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC). Sample size calculations for cluster-based studies need to account for the ICC, ...
Verbaan F J - - 2008
An electrical applicator was designed, which can pierce short microneedles into the skin with a predefined velocity. Three different shapes of microneedles were used, namely 300 mum assembled hollow metal microneedle arrays, 300 mum solid metal microneedle arrays and 245 mum hollow silicon microneedle arrays. The latter are available as ...
De Luca Daniele - - 2008
AIM: Hour-specific nomogram evaluation of serum or skin bilirubin is a suitable approach for managing neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and it is recommended by American Academy of Paediatrics. We aimed to provide data about skin bilirubin levels during the natural course of hyperbilirubinemia in European healthy neonates. METHODS: We enrolled 2198 healthy ...
Sarov Batia - - 2008
The authors' objective was to determine whether residential proximity to an industrial park (IP) is associated with increased perinatal mortality (PM). This semiecological study included 63,850 delivered births with 840 cases of PM (1995-2000). The authors categorized the study populations by ethnicity (ie, Bedouin and Jewish) and type of locality. ...
Dainer Erin - - 2008
Neonatal cyanosis can result from a multitude of acquired and inherited causes. Cyanosis resulting from fetal M hemoglobin (Hb) variants is very rare. Only two (G)gamma variants causing methemoglobinemia and cyanosis in the newborn have been reported to date. Here we describe a novel fetal Hb variant, Hb F-Circleville [Ggamma63(E7)His-->Leu], ...
Gveric-Ahmetasevic Snjezana - - 2008
AIM: To determine any association between history of mothers with myasthenia gravis (MG) and the occurrence of neonatal myasthenia gravis (NMG). METHODS: The prospective study involved pregnant women with MG and their newborns delivered in our center throughout the nine-year period. The study included 16 newborns with NMG and 33 ...
Gatti John E - - 2008
Deep peeling with phenol solutions has been criticized because of the hypopigmentation that usually results. The lower eyelid skin after routine blepharoplasty will retain its hyper-pigmentation and fine wrinkles. Phenol peeling of the lower eyelid will produce a complementary lightening of the skin and improvement in the wrinkling. This report ...
Juárez-Olguín Hugo - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship between the anticonvulsant drug use during pregnancy and the presence of malformations in the newborns. METHODS: The frequency of malformations in the neonates of epileptic mothers under anticonvulsant treatment was analyzed in two periods, one from 1988 to ...
Niemarkt H J - - 2008
The amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is a useful tool to assess brain function after perinatal asphyxia in term infants. We report a full-term newborn with moderate perinatal asphyxia, who accidentally received an overdose of morphine (5000 microg/kg). The overdose of morphine resulted in a clear and immediate change of aEEG background ...
Peterka Miroslav - - 2007
The number of newborn boys was higher than that of girls in the Czech Republic each month from 1950 to 2005. The only exception was November 1986, when the number of newborn boys was significantly reduced. This has been explained by a selective negative impact of the Chernobyl accident in ...
Granelli A de-Wahl - - 2007
AIM: Peripheral perfusion index (PPI) has been suggested as a possible method to detect illness causing circulatory embarrassment. We aimed to establish the normal range of this index in healthy newborns, and compare it with newborns with duct-dependent systemic circulation. DESIGN: We conducted a case-control study. SETTING: Our study population ...
Kolialexi Aggeliki - - 2007
Fertilization, fetal development, and delivery depend upon a coordinated series of events in the oocyte, the embryo, and the supporting tissues and fluids. Proteomic techniques which are capable of identifying and characterizing multiple proteins simultaneously have added new dimensions to the field of human reproduction. Application of these high throughput ...
Begum Hosenera - - 2007
A newborn female with delayed initiation of respiration was presented. She was born at term, normally of an uncomplicated pregnancy. Her head circumference was 40.5 cm. X-ray skull showed sutural separation. CT-scan of brain showed a large monoventricle occupying most of the cranial cavity. The case had typical features of ...
Kirchengast Sylvia - - 2007
At both extremes of reproductive phase female pregnancy outcome is described as poor. Beside a high rate of anovulatory cycles, pregnancies at these phases of the reproductive span are considered as risky for obstetric complications, and increased maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. In the present study the associations between ...
Beuter Cláudia Regina - - 2007
A non-comparable, individual, observational and contemporary cross-sectional study in newborns was made to determine the dynamic lateralization in the head turning after release from the midline and its relationship with obstetric variables. From October to December of 2005, 320 newborns were admitted to the Adjacent Lodgings of the University Hospital ...
Loff P D Steffan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Looking for a candidate substance inducing hepatobiliary dysfunction under parenteral nutrition (PN) in newborns, we recently discovered that newborn infusions extract large amounts of the plasticizer diethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) from commonly used polyvinylchloride (PVC) infusion lines. This plasticizer is well known to be genotoxic and teratogenic in animals and to ...
Bergström A - - 2007
AIM: To elucidate the immediate maternal thermal skin response when placing the neonate on the mothers' chest, skin-to-skin (STS). METHODS: Ugandan mothers with non-asphyxiated newborns after vaginal delivery (n = 39) were studied. Maternal skin and axillary temperatures were measured immediately before STS contact, then every 2 min for 20 ...
Mahé E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SFN) of the newborn is a rare acute transient hypodermatitis that develops within the first weeks of life in term infants. It often follows a difficult delivery. Prognosis is generally good except for the development of hypercalcaemia in severe cases. Only several case reports or small ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2007
Transient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) was detected in 6 of 35,067 newborns (1:5845 births) screened in Iran. Antithyroglobulin antibodies positivity was present in 4 of 6 (66.7%) of those with TCH and in 6 of 106 (5.7%) of those with "transient hyperthyrotropinemia and normal" diagnoses (P = .0005), but positivity was ...
Burdzgla I - - 2007
The proper time for hearing screening in newborns via recordings of transiently evoked otoacoustic emission, TEOAE, has been estimated. 269 healthy neonates were investigated during five consecutive days after birth. On the first day, the results of screening were positive in 51 newborns only, 19.0%. In the following days, the ...
Shiu Gary - - 2007
Using Dirac-Born-Infeld inflation as an example, we demonstrate that the detailed geometry of warped compactification can leave an imprint on the cosmic microwave background. We compute cosmic microwave background observables for Dirac-Born-Infeld inflation in a generic class of warped throats and find that the results (such as the sign of ...
Boccardi Daniela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A total of 620 healthy term neonates, randomly selected among babies born at the San Paolo Hospital in Milan (Italy), were examined to study the relationship between birthmarks and transient cutaneous lesions in newborns of different ethnic groups. METHODS: Information on sociodemographic factors and on physiopathological variables of the ...
Pieringer Herwig - - 2007
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) during pregnancy is a very rare event that increases maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. We present a case in which hypocalcemic tetany of the neonatal infant - caused by transient hypoparathyroidism in the child - finally revealed asymptomatic maternal PHP. An apparently healthy 30-year-old woman had ...
Indrio Flavia - - 2007
We investigated the effect of serum bilirubin (SB) on intestinal permeability (IP) of healthy, term, birth weight appropriate for gestational age neonates before phototherapy. IP was measured by the dual probe (lactulose/mannitol) sugar absorption test (SAT) performed on the third day of life in 12 healthy jaundiced newborns (total bilirubin ...
Sukalo Aziz - - 2006
Research was done on pharmacological-physiological development of the bronchial receptor system on the smooth muscles of trachea in the newborn children, alive-born and stillborn children. Monitored was the response on: acetylcholine, dopamine, histamine and serotonin in different molar concentrations 10(-4), 10(-3), 10(-2), 10 mol/dm(-3), micromol/dm(-3)). Research was done on tonus ...
Lisowska-Myjak Barbara - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Meconium has the potential for being the matrix on which markers of fetal exposure to physiologic and non-physiologic agents during intrauterine life can be analyzed. The aim of this study was to compare trypsin and antitrypsin activities and protein concentration during intra- and extrauterine human development based on an ...
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