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Results 151 - 200 of 548
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Edozien Leroy C - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Advances in technology have facilitated early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy, which in turn has increased the scope for non-surgical treatment. Unfortunately risks associated with such management, including maternal death, are coming to the fore. This paper highlights the risks and how they could be avoided. FINDINGS: The risks include ...
Zlotnick Caron - - 2011
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of low-income pregnant women with recent intimate partner violence (IPV). Fifty-four women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention consisted of four ...
Levi Setti P E - - 2011
BACKGROUND In May 2009, the Italian Constitutional Court banned most of the limitations of a restrictive law regulating assisted reproduction technology on the grounds that it limited a couple's right to have access to the best possible medical treatment and reduce any possible higher risk of complications. The aim of ...
Bakos Hassan W - - 2011
To determine the relationship between paternal body mass index (BMI), embryo development and pregnancy, and live birth outcomes after assisted reproductive technology (ART). Retrospective analysis of ART cycles. Major assisted reproduction center. Three hundred five couples undergoing ART in a private fertility clinic. No intervention was undertaken in patients involved ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2011
BACKGROUND Early-onset pre-eclampsia is an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and is believed to have a significant impact on future maternal physical and psychological health. However, structured follow-up data of women with a history of early-onset pre-eclampsia are lacking. This study aims to present comprehensive data ...
Habiba Marwan - - 2011
This article discusses a scenario of a teenager seeking medical assistance for infertility. Despite its apparent simplicity, the case poses a significant challenge to healthcare professionals. It requires consideration of maternal and child welfare and examination of the legitimate limits of doctors' role vis-à-vis the policy objective of reducing teenage ...
Faddy Malcolm - - 2011
The steep decline in both natural fertility and success after assisted reproduction treatment with increasing maternal age is universally recognized. Large variations in the developmental competence of oocytes collected are seen during assisted cycles,and a link between the biological competence of oocytes retrieved and age has been confirmed. Patients who ...
Sapkota Sabitri - - 2012
the husband's presence at childbirth is universally accepted in industrialised nations, but the concept is still new within the cultural values and norms of Nepalese society. Understanding the cultural context surrounding the feelings and needs of Nepalese husbands will help to initiate realistic maternity education programmes. to explore husbands' experiences ...
Agarwal Ashok - - 2010
Oxidative stress contributes to defective spermatogenesis leading to male factor infertility. The aim of this study was to review the current literature on the effects of various antioxidants to improve fertilisation and pregnancy rates. The sources of literature were Pubmed and the Cochrane data base. Reviewing the current literature revealed ...
Sive Hazel L - - 2010
This article describes the factors that should be considered when microinjecting Xenopus oocytes. Forward planning is particularly important for embryo injection because the frogs lay eggs only for a limited time, and once the eggs are fertilized there is a very short period during which the embryos are suitable for ...
Nader S - - 2010
Management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) usually spans a woman's reproductive years. While treatment of androgenic symptoms is often a primary concern, periodically, the regimen has to be modified because of a desire for pregnancy. At this time the couple should be evaluated for factors that may contribute to infertility ...
Partlett Rosamund - - 2011
There are a wide variety of medications available to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis, many of which are considered unsafe during pregnancy. It is important to tailor a treatment regimen that stabilises the woman's disease prior to conception, using medications that are safe to continue throughout pregnancy and the post-partum ...
Miyake Hidehiko - - 2010
To evaluate clinical features of assisted reproductive technology (ART) patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) compared to spontaneously conceived PIH patients. We retrospectively compared PIH incidence, maternal outcomes, and neonatal outcomes among these patients. Preeclampsia, cesarean rate, and massive maternal bleeding were significantly more common in the ART group. Neonatal outcomes ...
Singh Susheela - - 2010
Unintended pregnancy can carry serious consequences for women and their families. We estimate the incidence of pregnancy by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels for 2008, and we assess recent trends since 1995. Numbers of births are based on United Nations estimates. Induced abortions are estimated ...
McGready Rose - - 2010
Limited microbiology services impede adequate diagnosis and treatment of common infections such as pyelonephritis in resource-limited settings. Febrile pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at Shoklo Malaria Research Unit were offered urine dipstick, sediment microscopy, urine culture, and a 5-mL blood culture. The incidence of pyelonephritis was 11/1,000 deliveries (N = ...
Azambuja R - - 2011
Human embryo cryopreservation techniques enable the storage of surplus embryos created during assisted reproduction procedures; however, the existence of these same surplus embryos has sparked further debate. What can be their fate once they are no longer desired by their parents or if the parents are deceased? Thus, the level ...
Bilszta Justin L C - - 2011
Little is known about the practices of primary care physicians regarding the prescribing of antidepressants during pregnancy. An anonymous survey was administered to a group of nonrandomly selected Australian general practitioners (n = 61 out of 77) and randomly selected Canadian family physicians (n = 35 out of 111). Responses to a hypothetical scenario ...
Tuite Ashleigh R - - 2010
Objectives Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections in newborns are an uncommon but potentially devastating consequence of genital HSV infection in women. Current practice focuses on preventing perinatal transmission by women with prevalent HSV, but transmission risk is greatest when genital HSV is acquired for the first time late in pregnancy. ...
Fortunato Adriana - - 2010
Infertile couples make up approximately 10% of the worldwide population, and around 1% of current live births are a result of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Since the time that this technology was first applied, many studies have been performed in order to determine the risk associated with infertility treatments. Short- ...
Garbe Edeltraut - - 2011
Administrative healthcare databases are increasingly being used to investigate potential drug risks in pregnancy. Our study aimed to develop an algorithm for linkage of mother-baby pairs (MBPs) in the German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database (GePaRD) as a prerequisite for such studies. GePaRD contains sociodemographic data, drug dispensations, ambulatory, and hospital information ...
Garbe Edeltraut - - 2010
PURPOSE: Administrative healthcare databases are increasingly being used to investigate potential drug risks in pregnancy. Our study aimed to develop an algorithm for linkage of mother-baby pairs (MBPs) in the German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database (GePaRD) as a prerequisite for such studies. METHODS: GePaRD contains sociodemographic data, drug dispensations, ambulatory, and ...
Smith Jennifer L - - 2011
To improve our understanding of males' role in contraceptive practices, this paper explores the relationship between young males' perspectives on pregnancy and fatherhood and their attitudes, beliefs and practices in relation to condom use and birth control. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of 42 males aged 15-25years. A ...
Brown Wendy - - 2011
The study was conducted to determine the discrepancy between unintended pregnancies and use of contraception is attributed to imperfect use, misconceptions and an inability to adjust therapy to lifestyle. A survey administered at a Federal clinic incorporated the Health Belief Model to determine patient's emphasis in pregnancy prevention. Analysis focused ...
Bech Anneke - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is a recently identified hormone that is of prime importance for phosphate homeostasis in humans. FGF-23 is secreted by osteocytes in response to phosphate-loading. It stimulates renal phosphate excretion and suppresses the formation of 1.25-dihydroxy-vitamin D by inhibiting renal 1α-hydroxylase activity. Knowledge about FGF-23 in ...
Cannata David J - - 2010
We hypothesized that maternal creatine supplementation from mid-pregnancy would protect the diaphragm of the newborn spiny mouse from the effects of intrapartum hypoxia. Pregnant mice were fed a control or 5% creatine-supplemented diet from mid-gestation. On the day before term, intrapartum hypoxia was induced by isolating the pregnant uterus in ...
Carvalheira Ana Paula Pinho - - 2010
This study aimed to understand severe maternal morbidity from the perspective of women who experienced it. The methodological precepts of qualitative research were adopted and the Collective Subject Discourse was the methodological framework chosen. A total of 16 women who experienced severe maternal morbidity were interviewed. Results were discussed based ...
Buston Katie Margaret KM Medical Research Council, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G128RZ, UK. - - 2010
Teenage parenthood is problematised in the UK. Attention is increasingly falling on the potential or actual father yet we still know relatively little about young men's experiences and attitudes in this area. This paper focuses on the experiences of, and attitudes towards, pregnancy and fatherhood amongst a sample of men ...
Giglio James A - - 2010
Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman's life, accompanied by a variety of physiologic, anatomic, and hormonal changes that can affect how oral health care is provided. However, these patients are not medically compromised and should not be denied dental treatment simply because they are pregnant. This article discusses ...
Yu Xiaoming - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate effects of an integrated intervention on psychosocial competence after abortion in unmarried adolescent pregnancies. Three hundred eighty-five unmarried adolescent pregnancies aged 15 to 24 years (75.1% employed, 24.9% students) were recruited in the study, of which 190 were allocated into the experimental group and ...
Konstantinidis Georgios - - 2010
Infertility, defined as 'unsuccessful conception after 1 year of unprotected intercourse', is an increasing problem in many countries. Demographic data in Serbia continue to show negative trend of depopulation. One-third of married couples in Serbia are childless and half of them cannot have offspring due to health problems. Analysis of ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2010
Chicken pox is a common viral infection presenting with fever and discrete vesicular lesions. This infection can be widely detected in developing countries, especially for those tropical countries. The pregnant can get chicken pox, and this becomes an important obstetrical concern. In this specific paper, the author hereby details and ...
Shahar Golan G Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. - - 2010
In an attempt to illustrate the relevance of psychoanalytic theory and research to behavior medicine, an empirical investigation was conducted of females treated at a high-risk pregnancy specialty clinic (N = 58). Drawing from psychoanalytic object relations theory, it was hypothesized and confirmed that use of projection as a defense ...
Morton K M - - 2011
Artificial insemination (AI) is one of the most widely used reproductive technologies, and there is considerably interest in commercializing this technology in camels. Storage of semen extender frozen (at -20 °C) is of considerable interest to scientists working with camels, as transportation of diluents at refrigeration temperature is not always ...
Wintermark Pia - - 2010
We sought to describe placental findings in asphyxiated term newborns meeting therapeutic hypothermia criteria and to assess whether histopathologic correlation exists between these placental lesions and the severity of later brain injury. We conducted a prospective cohort study of the placentas of asphyxiated newborns, in whom later brain injury was ...
Predojević Maja - - 2011
In this case report, we present prenatal and postnatal neurological evaluation of a fetus and newborn from pregnancy complicated with intrauterine growth restriction, fetal hypoxemia, and preterm labor. Despite unfavorable intrauterine conditions, this premature infant showed normal early neurological development that was verified not only by postnatal tests but also ...
George Eric M - - 2010
Preeclampsia, characterized by new-onset gestational hypertension and proteinuria, is a common and serious complication of pregnancy. Evidence from both animal and human studies has implicated placental ischemia and hypoxia as a central causative factor in the etiology of the disorder. The ischemic placenta in turn initiates a cascade of secondary ...
Kannan M - - 2010
The incidence of rheumatic mitral stenosis is grossly reduced in India. Still, among heart disease complicating pregnancy, rheumatic mitral stenosis occupies a greater segment. The unique physiological changes in pregnancy and the pathological impact of mitral stenosis over pregnancy and labour are discussed in detail. A multidisciplinary approach in the ...
Jadon Ashok - - 2010
Any anaesthetic technique, either regional or general, has potential for complications. Moreover, it has been seen that in obstetric patients, the complications are potentiated due to pregnancy-related changes in physiology and due to various other factors. Increasing trend of caesarean section in the setting of increasing maternal age, obesity and ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2010
We describe a dynamic, bladder catheter-related obstructive bilateral hydroureteronephrosis in a newborn documented during ultrasound. The normal findings at foetal ultrasound and the absence of muscular hypertrophy of the bladder hereby served as indicators of the iatrogenic nature of the initial abnormal ultrasound findings. A Foley bladder catheter can induce ...
Cuddapah Sunku Chennakesava - - 2010
Cell trafficking during pregnancy may result in durable microchimerism, both fetal microchimerism in the mother and maternal microchimerism in her children. Whether microchimerism is continuously replenished has not been well-described. To address this question, we isolated granulocytes, cells with relatively short half-lives, from peripheral blood of healthy women. CD66b-positive cells ...
Oduro Abraham R - - 2010
Demographics and health practices of 2,232 pregnant women in rural northeastern Ghana and characteristics of their 2,279 newborns were analyzed to determine benefits associated with intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp), antenatal care, and/or bed net use during pregnancy. More than half reported bed net use, 90% reported at least two antenatal ...
Abodunrin O L - - 2010
A sizeable number of deliveries still take place with the assistance of Traditional Birth Attendants in Nigeria. This study aims to determine the factors that determine the referral practices of the TBAs in Ilorin of high risk and complicated pregnancies. This descriptive study was conducted among all the 162 registered ...
Son Ga Hyun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of maternal lipids in predicting large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Yonsei University Health System, Korea. POPULATION: A total of 104 women diagnosed with GDM between January 2000 and June 2008. METHODS: Women who were ...
Wen Jin - - 2010
Objective To determine the relative cost-effectiveness of three intrauterine devices (IUDs), MLCu375, TCu380A, and YuangongCu365. Methods Cost-effectiveness of three IUDs, namely MLCu375, TCu380A, and YuangongCu365, was analyzed from the provider's perspective by means of a randomized trial with one-year follow-up carried out in six centers in China. Results YuangongCu 365 ...
Guler Goknur - - 2010
The concerns of people on possible adverse health effects of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) generated from mobile phones as well as their supporting transmitters (base stations) have increased markedly. RFR effect on oversensitive people, such as pregnant women and their developing fetuses, and older people is another source of concern that ...
Peitl Marija Vucić - - 2010
Use of antipsychotic medication during the entire course of pregnancy in patients suffering from schizophrenia is frequently necessary as discontinuation of therapy can lead to relapse of the illness which can be far more severe for the mother, but also for the fetus. That is the case why third generation ...
Viljakainen H T - - 2010
CONTEXT: Vitamin D regulates 3% of the human genome, including effects on bone health throughout life. Maternal vitamin D status may program neonatal skeletal development. The objective here was to determine the association of mothers' vitamin D status with bone variables of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a birth ...
Byers-Heinlein Krista - - 2010
The first steps toward bilingual language acquisition have already begun at birth. When tested on their preference for English versus Tagalog, newborns whose mothers spoke only English during pregnancy showed a robust preference for English. In contrast, newborns whose mothers spoke both English and Tagalog regularly during pregnancy showed equal ...
Drzazga Zofia Krystyna - - 2011
The influence of antiretroviral drug zidovudine treatment during pregnancy on mandible development in newborn rats was studied. The fluorescence of mandibles from 7-, 14- and 28-days old individuals was measured by means of fiber-optical fluorescence analyzer with 407 nm laser excitation. Obtained results revealed disturbing effect of maternal zidovudine administration on ...
Salakos N - - 2010
Unwanted pregnancies and the subsequent induced abortions are common problems of our youths in modern Greece. The aim of this study was to recognize the risk factors of the problem in an effort to find the best possible solution out of this social dead end. We interviewed 1,320 young female ...
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