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Li Bin - - 2011
In in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo implantation is a very complex event influenced by embryo quality and endometrial receptivity. Many interventions have been used to increase the implantation rate, but bed rest is probably the most commonly prescribed. Since the etiology of implantation failure in most cases is not related ...
Tan Peng C - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects 90% of pregnant women and its impact is often underappreciated. Hyperemesis gravidarum, the most severe end of the spectrum, affects 0.5-2% of pregnancies. The pathogenesis of this condition remains obscure and its management has largely been empirical. This review aims ...
Figueira J R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to apply an informatics tool for dealing with a medical decision aiding problem to help infertile couples to become parents, when using assisted reproduction. METHODS: A multiple criteria decision aiding method for sorting or ordinal classification problems, called Electre Tri-C, was chosen in ...
Alkatout Ibrahim - - 2011
This article discusses the possible etiology and the preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of five ovarian pregnancies based on the initial nonspecific signs and symptoms and the high risk of hemoperitoneum and/or hypovolemic shock of a ruptured ovarian pregnancy with the associated diagnostic problems. The advances made in transvaginal ultrasonography ...
Allan Keith - - 2011
Asthma is characterized by lung airway inflammation initiated and perpetuated by an inappropriate immune response, increased airway responsiveness, and variable airflow obstruction. In Western countries there has been a marked increase in asthma prevalence such that it has become a public health concern. It has been hypothesized that the increase ...
Moride Naoko - - 2011
Aim: To examine whether the bromocriptine-rebound (BR) method improves pregnancy outcomes after previous unsuccessful assisted reproductive technology (ART) attempts. Patients/study design: In this study we retrospectively analyzed data from a total of 121 women with normal serum prolactin (PRL) levels and a history of repeated unsuccessful ART procedures. Pregnancy outcomes ...
Williams Julie - - 2011
This article explores the issues surrounding blood testing for the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during pregnancy. The aim is to provide an overview of the blood tests required and also of some of the wider issues around STIs in pregnancy. It considers aspects of physiology, pathology, the impact ...
Jackson Emily - - 2011
Research documents the importance of partners in women's contraception use, pregnancy prevention/planning, and decision-making around unintended pregnancy. Little is known of men's perceptions of this crucial role. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews (n=20) with low-income, inner-city men, aged 18-45 years, who had brought about a pregnancy. Responsibility framed men's understanding of their ...
Mahapatro Meerambika - - 2011
Domestic violence can result in many negative health consequences for women's health and well-being. Studies on domestic violence illustrate that abused women in various settings had increased health problems such as injury, chronic pain, gastrointestinal, and gynecological signs including sexually transmitted diseases, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. This article tries ...
Matthews Stephen G - - 2011
It is becoming increasingly evident that maternal exposure to adversity during pregnancy leads to life-long effects in offspring. While there appears to be some commonality in the effects of maternal stress on endocrine and behavioural outcomes in the first generation offspring, it is clear that effects are highly dependent on ...
Vutyavanich Teraporn - - 2011
To present the results of assisted reproductive technology (ART) performed in Thailand during 2001-2007. All licensed ART centers are obliged to submit annual reports on the number of patients, cycles, ART techniques and treatment outcomes to the Reproductive Medicine Subcommittee of the Royal Thai College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Data ...
Baxter Susan - - 2011
This review considers the effectiveness of interventions to encourage the establishment of smoke-free homes during pregnancy and the neonatal period. A comprehensive search of the literature was undertaken to find relevant studies via electronic databases, citations and reference lists of included studies. The searches identified 17 papers that met the ...
Will Matthew A - - 2011
To evaluate the current literature on the impact and potential mechanisms of varicocele repair on male fertility. Pertinent articles were identified through computer PubMed search on varicocele repair and male factor infertility. References of selected articles were hand searched for additional citations. Varicocele repair has been shown to reverse a ...
Paladini D - - 2011
How do we do it? Practical advice on imaging-based techniques and investigations.
Paffoni Alessio - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare an 'open' vitrification protocol to a 'closed' vitrification protocol for mature human oocytes. A prospective comparison between fresh and sibling vitrified oocytes and a retrospective comparison between the two vitrification protocols were performed. For recruited patients undergoing an IVF cycle, two ...
Peyrin-Biroulet L - - 2011
Background  Although thiopurines are considered safe in humans, they are still pregnancy FDA category D drugs. Prevention of post-operative recurrence is a challenge in clinical practice in Crohn's disease. The European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation consensus states that thiopurines should be considered in high-risk patients. Aim  To perform a worldwide ...
Christie Loxley R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of intrauterine insemination on the management of subfertility in Jamaica. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective analysis of all intrauterine insemination cycles completed from May 1, 2002, to August 31, 2005, at the University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. The cycle pregnancy rate ...
Aitken R J - - 2011
There have been no radically new forms of contraception since the pill was introduced 1960 and even this form of fertility regulation can be traced back to endocrine advances that were made in the 1920s. Whatever new forms of fertility control we introduce for the future, they should exploit the ...
Nelson D Michael - - 2011
Human placentas studied after normal and abnormal pregnancies require author attention to a number of variables derived from clinical chart review. We herein provide a Table listing many of the key variables that might be confounders for clinical studies of the human placenta. As Editors for Placenta, we respectfully request ...
- - 2011
Unintended pregnancies, which accounted for an estimated 49% of all pregnancies in the United States in 2001, more often are associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and child than are intended pregnancies. In 2008, an estimated 36 million U.S. women of reproductive age were in need of family planning ...
Balasch Juan - - 2011
In modern societies, the proportion of women who delay childbearing beyond the age of 35 years has greatly increased in recent decades. They are falsely reassured by popular beliefs that advances in new reproductive technologies can compensate for the age-related decline in fertility. Yet age remains the single most important ...
Holmes Lewis B - - 2011
A wide variety of human teratogens have been identified. The characteristics of human teratogens can be used in the assessment of apparent "new" teratogens, when postulated. Information is available through online databases, such as TERIS and Reprotox, telephone-based counseling resources (e.g., Organization of Teratogen Information Systems [OTIS] and European Network ...
- - 2011
Many efforts throughout Texas strive to connect teen mothers with vital resources. Many physicians work in state and local programs to promote effective, proven interventions for preventing pregnancy in adolescents. In the legislature, the Texas Medical Association endorses the agenda of the San Antonio-based Healthy Futures Alliance, a community coalition ...
Ellis Harold - - 2011
Today, when lives are routinely saved by early open or laparoscopic surgery, it is hard to imagine that young women suffering from ruptured ectopic pregnancy were left to their fate or submitted to procedures which had no possibility of dealing effectively with the haemorrhaging fallopian tube. As we shall describe, ...
Caramins Melody C - - 2011
To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, advantages, and limitations of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification compared with conventional karyotype analysis in the investigation of contributing factors to recurrent pregnancy loss. A cohort of 284 patients underwent side-by-side analysis of products of conception by both conventional karyotyping and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification with ...
Heller Debra S - - 2011
This study evaluated neutrophils in fetal lung/stomach, in association with chorioamnionitis. Reports/slides from fetuses 13-24 weeks with a confirmed histologic diagnosis of placental chorioamnionitis were reviewed. There were 94 cases with no neutrophils in the lungs or stomach, and 106 with neutrophils in lungs, stomach, or both (53%). Thirteen percent ...
Smitz Johan E J - - 2011
An innovative approach to in vitro maturation (IVM) for application in infertility treatment and fertility preservation is required to bring this patient-friendly treatment into routine practice. Current approaches to IVM never report more than a 10 to 15% implantation rate per embryo transferred, which is two to three times lower ...
Nau Melissa - - 2011
The authors examine the legal questions raised by the involuntary medical and psychiatric treatment of a patient with psychotic denial of pregnancy. A case is presented, and psychotic denial of pregnancy is defined. Legal cases are reviewed that set precedent for state intervention on behalf of either the pregnant mother ...
Holmes Lewis B - - 2011
A wide variety of human teratogens have been identified. The characteristics of human teratogens can be used in the assessment of apparent "new" teratogens, when postulated. Information is available through online databases, such as TERIS and Reprotox, telephone-based counseling resources (e.g., Organization of Teratogen Information Systems [OTIS] and European Network ...
Talbot K - - 2011
Heterotopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition. A recent case at our institution prompted a systematic review of the literature from 2005 to 2010. In the majority (71%) of cases reviewed, risk factors for a heterotopic pregnancy were present. However, in several instances (33%), previous sonographic reports of a normal intrauterine ...
Fisher Jane - - 2011
The articles collected together in this issue describe first-trimester screening for a variety of complications. With the advance of both technology and research, early pregnancy screening is becoming ever more sophisticated and complex. While there are clear benefits to most women receiving early reassurance that their baby is developing as ...
Fechner Adam J - - 2011
Since the first description of successful human in vitro fertilization in 1978, researchers and clinicians have been striving to improve the efficacy and safety of the technique. Advances in technology and in our understanding of human reproduction have contributed to increased success rates and decreased rates of higher order multiple ...
Fisher Jane - - 2011
The articles collected together in this issue describe first-trimester screening for a variety of complications. With the advance of both technology and research, early pregnancy screening is becoming ever more sophisticated and complex. While there are clear benefits to most women receiving early reassurance that their baby is developing as ...
Modh Carin - - 2011
There are few studies focusing on women's experiences of early pregnancy. Medical and psychological approaches have dominated the research. Taking women's experiences seriously during early pregnancy may prevent future suffering during childbirth. To describe and understand women's first time experiences of early pregnancy. Qualitative study using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. ...
Lumley Judith - - 2011
Neural tube defects arise during the development of the brain and spinal cord. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of increased consumption of folate or multivitamins on the prevalence of neural tube defects periconceptionally (that is before pregnancy and in the first two months of pregnancy). ...
Stavrou Efty P - - 2011
Caesarean section (CS) rates around the world have been increasing and in Australia have reached 30% of all births. Robson's Ten-Group Classification System (10-group classification) provides a clinically relevant classification of CS rates that provides a useful basis for international comparisons and trend analyses. This study aimed to investigate trends ...
Roberts Christine L - - 2011
Prevention of preterm birth remains one of the most important challenges in maternity care. We propose a randomised trial with: a simple Candida testing protocol that can be easily incorporated into usual antenatal care; a simple, well accepted, treatment intervention; and assessment of outcomes from validated, routinely-collected, computerised databases. Using ...
Prieto Gemma - - 2011
It is a priority to achieve an adequate nutritional status of iodine during pregnancy since iodine deficiency in this population may have repercussions on the mother during both gestation and post partum as well as on the foetus, the neonate and the child at different ages. According to the WHO, ...
Choudhury Nuzhat - - 2011
Although many studies have been carried out to learn about maternal care practices in rural areas and urban-slums of Bangladesh, none have focused on ultra poor women. Understanding the context in which women would be willing to accept new practices is essential for developing realistic and relevant behaviour change messages. ...
Boivin J - - 2011
To examine whether pretreatment emotional distress in women is associated with achievement of pregnancy after a cycle of assisted reproductive technology. Meta-analysis of prospective psychosocial studies. PubMed, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, PsychNET, ISI Web of Knowledge, and ISI Web of Science were searched for articles published from 1985 to March 2010 ...
Walsh S W - - 2010
Fertility in dairy cows has declined over the past five decades as milk production per cow has increased. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain this including issues of genetics, physiology, nutrition and management, and these factors have been investigated at the animal, organ and cellular level at critical time ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: At least 60% of spontaneous pregnancy loss is considered genetic in nature. Miscarriages can, however, also be autoimmune-induced or have other etiologies. Current clinical dogma in rheumatology as well as obstetrics/gynecology holds that evidence of aneuploidy in products of conception establishes the cause of miscarriage and rules out other ...
Girma Sourafel - - 2010
We use panel data from local authorities in England between 1998 and 2004 to examine the differential impact of increased access for teenagers to emergency birth control (EBC) at pharmacies on teenage pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We estimate both difference-in-difference (DD) and the more robust difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) models. ...
Perino Antonio - - 2010
A prospective study was performed to assess the relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in 199 infertile couples and outcome of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). A highly statistically significant correlation between pregnancy loss rate (proportion of pregnancies detected by β-hCG that did not progress beyond 20 weeks) and positive HPV ...
Edozien Leroy C - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Advances in technology have facilitated early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy, which in turn has increased the scope for non-surgical treatment. Unfortunately risks associated with such management, including maternal death, are coming to the fore. This paper highlights the risks and how they could be avoided. FINDINGS: The risks include ...
Zlotnick Caron - - 2011
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of low-income pregnant women with recent intimate partner violence (IPV). Fifty-four women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention consisted of four ...
Levi Setti P E - - 2011
BACKGROUND In May 2009, the Italian Constitutional Court banned most of the limitations of a restrictive law regulating assisted reproduction technology on the grounds that it limited a couple's right to have access to the best possible medical treatment and reduce any possible higher risk of complications. The aim of ...
Bakos Hassan W - - 2011
To determine the relationship between paternal body mass index (BMI), embryo development and pregnancy, and live birth outcomes after assisted reproductive technology (ART). Retrospective analysis of ART cycles. Major assisted reproduction center. Three hundred five couples undergoing ART in a private fertility clinic. No intervention was undertaken in patients involved ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2011
BACKGROUND Early-onset pre-eclampsia is an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and is believed to have a significant impact on future maternal physical and psychological health. However, structured follow-up data of women with a history of early-onset pre-eclampsia are lacking. This study aims to present comprehensive data ...
Habiba Marwan - - 2011
This article discusses a scenario of a teenager seeking medical assistance for infertility. Despite its apparent simplicity, the case poses a significant challenge to healthcare professionals. It requires consideration of maternal and child welfare and examination of the legitimate limits of doctors' role vis-à-vis the policy objective of reducing teenage ...
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