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Schumacher Anne - - 2012
Regulatory T cells (Treg) play an important role in fetal protection. They expand during normal pregnancy and protect fetal antigens from maternal effector cells. Their effect is associated with the up-regulation of tolerance-associated molecules at the fetal-maternal interface. Among these, Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1, coded by Hmox1) is of special importance ...
Szewczyk Grzegorz - - 2012
The physiological course of pregnancy is closely related to adequate development of the placenta. Shallow invasion of trophoblast as well as decreased development of the placental vascular network are both common features of preeclampsia. To better understand the proangiogenic features of mast cells, in this study we aim to identify ...
Javadrasshid Reza R Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2012
A 28-year-old, 32 week pregnant primigravida woman with a past history of increased blood pressure presented with RUQ pain as well as sudden onset of hematemesis. This case illustrates the occurrence of a rare complication (rupture of portal vein pseudoaneurysm inside the biliary system), appearing as upper gastrointestinal bleeding in ...
Favaron P O - - 2011
The establishment of pregnancy results from the interaction between the trophoblast and maternal tissues. Evolutionarily, the yolk sac (YS) is the only fetal membrane present in all vertebrate taxa. In mammals, it results in the development of the YS placenta, which is responsible for maternal-fetal exchange in the beginning of ...
Li Zhen - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation between solute carrier family 38 member 4 (SLC38A4) and system A activity in human placentas from pregnancies with abnormal fetal birth weight. We collected placentas from consenting women immediately after their full-term babies were born, with normal, low birth weight or ...
Al Wadi Khalid - - 2011
Background: Uterine retroversion before 12 to 14 weeks' gestation occurs in approximately 15% of pregnancies and is usually considered an innocuous finding. When the uterus remains retroverted as the pregnancy advances, the growing uterine corpus becomes impacted in the hollow of the pelvic cavity and uterine incarceration may develop. Incarcerated ...
Larivaara Meri M - - 2011
Russia provides an interesting case for comparative research of maternity care due to the rapid social change and steep fertility decline since the collapse of the Soviet Union. I analyze out-patient maternity care in public sector women's clinics in St. Petersburg on the basis of qualitative observation and interview data. ...
Unger Annemarie A The Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2011
Chronic medical conditions such as opioid dependence require evidence-based treatment recommendations. However, pregnant women are under-represented in clinical trials. We describe the first within-subject comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes for methadone- versus buprenorphine-exposed pregnancies. Although methadone is the established treatment of pregnant opioid-dependent women, recent investigations have shown a ...
Lorenzo Laura - - 2011
Depression during pregnancy can affect up to 20% of all women and may be treated effectively with antidepressants. Currently, information on > 20,000 women exposed to antidepressants with pregnancy outcomes is available in the literature. However, there is a continuing fear of physicians prescribing and women taking these drugs during ...
Barri Pedro N - - 2011
Abstract The development of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) represents an important advance in the treatment of human infertility. However, their great effectiveness has brought with it an excessive increase in multiple pregnancy rates with the serious medical, financial and social consequences that they entail. Now, the scientific societies, the health ...
Sturt Amy S - - 2011
Antiretrovirals are recommended for all pregnant women either for treatment of HIV-1 infection or for prevention of mother-to-child transmission. Distinguishing between HIV-1-infected pregnant women who meet treatment criteria and those who do not (who use antiretrovirals during pregnancy for prophylaxis) is accomplished by assessing the HIV-1 disease stage and has ...
Robillard Pierre-Yves - - 2011
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) represent 10% of human births globally and the major complication preeclampsia has a 3-5% prevalence. The etiology of HDP remains uncertain; however, major advances have been made over the last 25 years. The Seventh International Workshop on Reproductive Immunology, Immunological Tolerance and Immunology of Preeclampsia ...
Salbaum J Michael JM Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. - - 2011
Embryonic development under adverse conditions, such as maternal diabetes or obesity during pregnancy, constitutes a major risk factor for birth defects, as well as for long-term health consequences and disease susceptibility in the offspring. While contributions from epigenetic changes have been invoked previously to explain the long-term changes in terms ...
Mutambudzi Miriam - - 2011
Birth outcomes may influence subsequent susceptibility to chronic diseases. With the increased number of women who continue to work during pregnancy, occupational stress has been hypothesized to be a potential contributor to adverse reproductive health outcomes. The Job Demand and Control model has been primarily used in investigating associations between ...
Simpson Kathleen Rice - - 2011
Oxytocin is commonly used in obstetrics for labor induction and augmentation. Careful assessment of the individual clinical situation based on indications and contraindications is essential to enhancing safe and effective use. Counseling the woman and her partner regarding potential risks and benefits before use is necessary to promote informed consent. ...
Martin Jilly - - 2011
To assess the long-term impact of implementation intention formation in reducing consultations for emergency contraception and pregnancy testing among teenage women. Teenage women visiting a family planning clinic were randomly assigned to implementation intention versus control conditions. Objective measures of consultation outcomes were obtained from clinic records at 2-year follow-up ...
Trabert Britton - - 2011
The accuracy of ectopic pregnancy rates based on nationally representative data has been compromised for many years, impairing surveillance and evaluation of the continued public health importance of this condition. To estimate long-term population-based ectopic pregnancy rates and trends within a defined population over a largely unevaluated time period, including ...
Nygren Karl G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze information on assisted reproductive technologies (ART) performed globally. DESIGN: Data on access, efficacy, and safety of ART were collected for the year 2003 from 54 countries. SETTING: National and regional ART registries globally. PATIENT(S): Patients undergoing ART globally. INTERVENTION(S): Collection and analysis of international ART registry data. ...
He Dian - - 2011
Poor sexual and reproductive health status has been reported among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Therefore, some effective and feasible interventions are urgently needed. The authors developed a workplace-based intervention to compare 2 young labor migrant service packages (A and B) on the knowledge, attitude related to contraception, and contraceptive use ...
Ko Po-Chun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present six cases of tubal stump pregnancy and discuss possible etiologies. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at a tertiary referring medical center. PATIENT(S): Six women with tubal stump pregnancy diagnosed and treated in the department from 2004 to 2010 according to electronic files and ...
Tey Nai Peng - - 2011
The continuing decline in fertility despite a contraction in contraceptive use in Peninsular Malaysia since the mid-1980s has triggered considerable interest in the reasons behind this phenomenon, such as increase in abortion, sterility, and out-of-wedlock pregnancy. Fertility decline has been attributed to rapid socioeconomic development, which can only influence fertility ...
Bern Sarah - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipid emulsion has emerged as an effective treatment of local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest, but its therapeutic application for the obstetric patient requires definition at present. This review discusses clinical reports, relevant laboratory studies, and future directions for the development of an optimal protocol for lipid resuscitation in ...
Lemons Angela R - - 2011
Current methods of contraception lack specificity and are accompanied with serious side effects. A more specific method of contraception is needed. Contraceptive vaccines can provide most, if not all, the desired characteristics of an ideal contraceptive. This article reviews several factors involved in the establishment of pregnancy, focusing on those ...
Alio Amina P - - 2011
Efforts to reduce infant mortality in the United States have failed to incorporate paternal involvement. Research suggests that paternal involvement, which has been recognized as contributing to child development and health for many decades, is likely to affect infant mortality through the mother's well-being, primarily her access to resources and ...
Chico R Matthew - - 2011
The intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) has been a key component of the focused antenatal care package for nearly a decade, reducing the burden of low birthweight attributable to malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. However, SP has lost parasite sensitivity in many sub-Saharan locations during ...
Magee Laura A - - 2011
Many aspects of hypertension care outside pregnancy may be applied in pregnancy, but little information is available on which to base decision-making. It would seem reasonable to continue previous dietary salt restriction and physical activity in women with pre-existing (and controlled) hypertension, encourage a heart-healthy diet in all women with ...
Unfer Vittorio - - 2011
Background. Several factors can affect oocyte quality and therefore pregnancy outcome in assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. Recently, a number of studies have shown that the presence of several compounds in the follicular fluid positively correlates with oocyte quality and maturation (i.e., myo-inositol and melatonin). Aim. In the present study, we aim ...
Pike Gillian N - - 2011
Pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium are hemostatically challenging to women with bleeding disorders. This article provides general recommendations for the management of pregnant women with inherited coagulation disorders. Each factor deficiency is discussed, providing an up-to-date review of the literature and, where possible, guidance about how to manage patients throughout ...
David Henry P - - 2011
Grounded in the concepts of intendedness and wantedness and research on children born to women denied abortion, this article focuses on the Prague Study, which followed the development and mental well-being over 35 years of 220 children born between 1961 and 1963 in Prague, Czech Republic, to women twice denied abortion ...
Michalakis Konstantinos G - - 2011
The prevalence of moderately elevated TSH levels consistent with subclinical hypothyroidism (2.5-4.0 μIU/mL) was 23% in a cohort of 1,231 women pursuing assisted reproductive technologies. Preconception elevated levels of TSH were associated with diminished ovarian reserve but were not associated with adverse assisted reproductive technology or pregnancy outcomes.
Biro Peter - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on difficult intubation in pregnant patients, particularly during the late pregnancy when physiological, patho-physiological and psychological factors may cause or aggravate difficulties with providing sufficient oxygenation and securing the airway. It is intended to highlight the methodological approach to the difficult airway in this ...
Glasser Saralee - - 2011
This study describes maternal and birth outcomes of primiparae aged ≥45. High rates of pregnancy complications and poor birth outcomes were found, stressing that the personal risks and ramifications to the health system should be taken into account in establishing obstetric health policy regarding primiparity at advanced maternal age.
Zini Armand - - 2011
Several studies have examined the relationship between direct antisperm antibody (ASA) levels in semen and pregnancy rate after advanced assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) but the results have been inconsistent. The aim of our study was to further evaluate the relationship between ASA and pregnancy after IVF or ICSI by systematic ...
Song Wen-Yan - - 2011
The development of an effective oocyte cryopreservation system will have a significant impact on the clinical practice of reproductive medicine. However, the important option of emergency oocyte cryopreservation has yet to be well documented. In this report, we review the cases of 15 women with male partners who were diagnosed ...
da Silva André V Guerreiro - - 2011
Acupuncture has been used in numerous diseases and for many types of symptoms. It has been also used for obstetric complaints, such as nausea and vomiting, insomnia and low back and girdle pain. There has long been concern that some points-called forbidden-might harm pregnancy owing to a potential abortifacient effect, ...
Trokoudes Krinos M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the survival, fertilization, early embryonic development, and clinical outcomes from fresh and vitrified cohort oocytes. DESIGN: Review of egg-sharing program, in which the eggs from one donor were shared by recipients of fresh and vitrified eggs. SETTING: IVF center. PATIENT(S): 77 women, comprising 36 patients receiving vitrified ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a Federal Healthy Start program in reducing primary and repeat teen pregnancies in a disadvantaged community. DESIGN: An ecological study that compares trends in teen pregnancy in the catchment area in which the community-based intervention was administered with two ecologic controls: the county ...
Mastenbroek Sebastiaan - - 2011
To optimize success rates of IVF, selection of the most viable embryo(s) for transfer has always been essential, as embryos that are cryopreserved are thought to have a reduced chance of implanting after thawing. Recent developments challenge this concept. Evidence is accumulating that all embryos can now be cryopreserved and ...
Leslie Karin - - 2011
Pre-eclampsia remains an important cause of maternal and perinatal mortality. The ability to predict the most severe forms of pre-eclampsia would allow closer surveillance and earlier intervention to improve outcomes. Although no definitive preventative treatment has been found to date, it is likely that prospective treatments would need to start ...
Wilson Sharon - - 2011
Midwives face great challenges in practice in caring for women with multiple medical, social and psychological needs. This article highlights the issues such as extreme grief reaction, fear of abandonment and stigma and prejudice that women face when they are diagnosed HIV positive during pregnancy. The article also discusses the ...
Morgan Ross K - - 2011
Interventional pulmonology encompasses diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopic procedures, and pleural interventions. In the last 10 years older techniques have been refined and exciting new technologies have extended the reach and application of the instruments used. The main areas within pulmonary medicine for which these interventions have a role are malignant ...
Borini Andrea - - 2011
Oocyte donation is now a useful option for women who cannot start a spontaneous pregnancy for reasons related to advanced age, iatrogenic factors, early depletion of ovarian reserve, or genetic disorders. Embryo implantation rates, pregnancy rates, and pregnancy outcomes among women included in oocyte donation programs were shown to be ...
Fallon Debbie - - 2011
The Teenage Pregnancy Independent Advisory Group (TPIAG) was established in 2000 to advise the government about reducing teenage pregnancy rates and supporting teenage parents to continue with their education. The group reached the end of its tenure in December 2010. This short article highlights some of the key issues from ...
Haken Clara - - 2011
The recently published Centre for Maternal and Child Enquiries (CMACE) report, Maternal Obesity in the UK: Findings from a National Project, has provided new information on how often we are caring for women who have a body mass index (BMI) of 35 or more, who these women are, the complications ...
- - 2011
This Review has been produced by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and was first published in December 2010 at http://www.rcog.org.uk/womens-health/clinical-guidance/multiple-pregnancy-following-assisted-reproduction-sac-opinion-paper published January 2011. The article is reproduced in Human Fertility with permission following an agreement between the RCOG and the BFS to collaborate ...
Khadijah Ismail Siti - - 2011
Pre-eclampsia (P-EC) is a multisystem disorder exclusive to pregnancy. It complicates ~2 to 8% of all pregnancies and remains a major cause of maternal mortality. P-EC is characterized by a profound hypercoagulable state. The delicate hemostatic balance that must be maintained in the uteroplacental circulation during pregnancy makes this system ...
Foster Angel M - - 2011
In the United States, ectopic pregnancies are relatively common and associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. The Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services (the Directives) govern the provision of care in Catholic-affiliated hospitals and prohibit the provision of abortion in almost all circumstances. Although ectopic pregnancies ...
Hanif Hafsa Muhammad - - 2011
Maternal age at conception has long been demonstrated to have a significant correlation with pregnancy outcome and maternal health. Classically, very young (<20 years old) and old (= or >35 years) women have been classified as high-risk categories for child bearing. Recently, career, education, financial, and other goals have coerced ...
Malek Antoine - - 2011
Over the past decade therapeutic interventions during pregnancy, including the use of drugs, has increased; for example, the prescription use of opioids and nonopioid analgesics for pain management during pregnancy has increased by about 40%. Additionally, women also self-medicate during pregnancy with opioids, and are treated with methadone and buprenorphine ...
Baxter Susan - - 2011
Objectives The high rate of teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom continues to be a concern. Factors such as living in a deprived area, poor educational attainment, and living in state-provided care homes have been associated with a greater risk of young motherhood. This study aimed to examine the literature describing ...
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