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Results 501 - 541 of 541
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Matheus M - - 1980
Examination of placentas from newborns with single umbilical artery (SUA) can furnish valuable data to Perinatologists. Thus, 33.3% of the SUA newborns with gross macroscopic alterations of the placenta were malformed. In the other hand, 75% of the malformed SUA newborns had gross placental alterations. It is pointed out the ...
Kossowska E - - 1980
Congenital malformations and diseases in the region of the ear, nose, throat, larynx and lower respiratory tract, have their source in genetic disorders and exogenous noxious factors influencing the development of the embryo, fetus and newborn child. The authors discuss the possibilities of prophylaxis during pregnancy, the perinatal period and ...
Cederqvist L L - - 1980
Cord blood IgA and IgM levels were measured in newborns of mothers with prematurely ruptured membranes (PRM) who had also received prenatal glucocorticoid treatment to accelerate fetal lung maturity. Previous data show that some newborns of mothers with PRM had elevated IgA and/or IgM levels. This increase was also found ...
Korner A F - - 1980
Chisholm et al. [4], using samples of Navajo and Malaysian newborns, found a significant positive relation between maternal normotensive blood pressures during the second trimester of pregnancy and at delivery and infant irritability in response to the Brazelton Examination. Measuring spontaneous crying with an electronic activity monitor and using a ...
Ross J M - - 1980
A longitudinal study of the cervical and vaginal microflora of 131 pregnant women showed a similar range of organisms at first visit (up to 16 weeks), at 28 weeks and at 36 weeks of pregnancy. Twenty different groups or genera of microorganisms were recovered, predominantly lactobacilli. There was a fall ...
Endler G C - - 1980
The use of conduction anesthesia has made childbearing a vastly more pleasant experience for the mother and certainly made the practice of obstetrics safer and easier. However, its safety to the fetus and newborn, once unquestioned, has become the subject of much study and concern in recent years. It is ...
Fenton E - - 1980
Homogenates of fetal, newborn and maternal kidney and placenta have been compared with homogenates of non-pregnant adult kidney for their ability to hydroxylate 25-hydroxycholecalciferol. The activity in the fetal kidney near term is similar to that in the mother and 4--5 times that in the non-pregnant adult. These differences from ...
Alter B P - - 1979
To determine whether the G gamma:A gamma HbF switch is coordinated in development with the HbF:HbA switch, hemoglobin F Gly/Ala (G gamma:A gamma) heterogeneity was evaluated by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels. The mean G gamma was 70% in 19 newborns, similar to the published value of 73% obtained by amino ...
Stuckey J G - - 1979
A simple technique is presented for removal of excessive supraumbilical and periumbilical skin.
Naderi S - - 1979
The aim of this study was to determine the types, patterns, and frequencies of congenital anomalies among newborns of both consanguineous and nonconsanguineous parents in southern Iran. From 9526 consecutive pregnancies observed, 9623 newborns resulted (9431 singleton and 95 sets of multiple gestation). There were 7261 newborns from nonconsanguineous parents ...
Giussi G - - 1979
A group of 56 women with high risk pregnancies were studied since the 32nd week of gestation. With the aim of obtaining reliable fetal growth indicators, maternal serum hCS, estriol and oxytocinase levels were determined. hCS and estriol were determined by specific radioimmunoassays and oxytocinase with a colorimetric method. Mean ...
Giussi G - - 1979
In order to find a reliable index of fetal wellbeing, maternal estriol, hCS and oxytocinase levels were related with condition of the neonate. Fifty six high risk pregnancies were studied. Estriol and hCS were determined by specific radioimmunoassay and oxytocinase with a colorimetric method. The condition of the newborn was ...
Clark D R DR - - 1978
Twelve of 43 pregnant little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) collected at Montpelier Barn, Laurel, Maryland, gave birth to dead young. Eleven of these 12 dead neonates were abnormally small. Most of the stillbirths were attributable to unknown reproductive difficulties associated with first pregnancies, but four may have been due to ...
Boos R - - 1978
The ROCHE pH electrode was tested clinically in 20 fetuses and one nonviable newborn with severe malformations. The proper fixation of the electrode in the fetal scalp is difficult. In the physiologic pH range a good correlation between capillary blood pH and tissue pH exists. The situation is less clear ...
Oswalt G C GC - - 1978
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SFNN) developed in a 1-week-old black boy. His mother had received numerous medications for eclampsia. Birth was by Caesarean section and complicated by meconium aspiration. There were numerous nodules over the back, buttocks and extremities that yielded a caseous-like material. Microscopically, these nodules showed ...
De Souza S W - - 1978
A total of 53 babies, 37 to 44 weeks' gestational age with a history of fetal distress in labour, and severe neurological abnormalities in the early newborn period, were followed up for between 2 and 5 years. Their progress was compared with an equal number of normal babies matched for ...
Speck W T - - 1978
The umbilical and nasopharyngeal flora of newborn infants was examined on days 3, 14, and 42 of life. An analysis of the bacteriological findings suggests that colonisation by either Staphylococcus aureus or Staph. epidermidis prevents colonisation by the other staphylococcus. Similarly, colonisation by Gram-negative bacteria prevents colonisation by staphylococci. Further, ...
Rossiter E J - - 1977
A prospective study of convulsions in 5803 consecutive newborn infants from an Australian city is described; 535 children were lost to study, leaving 90.9% of the original sample. Of the remaining 5268, 325 had at least one convulsive episode during the first three years of life--an incidence of 61.7 per ...
Amiel-Tison C - - 1977
Abnormal hypertonia of the neck extensor muscles in newborns may be appreciated by observing spontaneous posture, evaluating resistance to repeated passive flexion of the head, and eliciting the head straightening reflexes. This sign correlates well with other signs of insult to the central nervous system. Of 1743 newborns over 37 ...
Catty D - - 1977
IgG-subclass concentrations were determined in cord sera from 47 premature, 59 full-term, and 29 small-for-dates babies of varying gestational age. In permature and full term babies the relative percentages of all four subclasses were in the range for normal adult values. However, in small-for-dates babies significantly lowered IgG1-levels were found.
Tajima M - - 1977
Plain skull films were taken within 7 days of birth in 34 newborn with myelomeningocele. There appears to be a correlation between hydrocephalus or Arnold-Chiari malformation and the severity of craniolacunia. Craniolacunia was observed in 28 cases (82%). The incidence of craniolacunia in myelomeningocele in this series is higher than ...
Morley G - - 1977
The automated assay of maternal anit-D levels has been compared with manual methods and correlated with the severity of haemolytic disease of the newborn using discriminant analysis. The automated assay of anti-D proved to be marginally better than manual techniques in predicting the need for amniocentesis. The level at which ...
Chorzelski T P - - 1976
Cutaneous lesions of herpes gestation is developed in a newborn on the fifth day of life and disappeared spontaneously after three weeks. The immunologic phenomena were analogous in the mother and child. No circulating or in vivo-bound immunoglobulins were demonstrated, but components 3 and 4 of complement were present at ...
Nyka W M - - 1976
The structure and topography of the damages in the central nervous system of mature (35th week of pregnancy and more) human newborns, who died in the perinatal period due to hypoxia, have been investigated. Two homogenous groups were separated: In the first group hypoxia was due to placental pathology, in ...
Yang R K - - 1976
To test the inversion of intensity interpretation based on negative relations between newborn and preschool intensity behaviors (Bell, Weller, & Waldrop 1971), 106 normal children were examined at the neonatal and preschool periods. Data analyses were carried out in 2 parts: Part I was an attempt to reconstruct the same ...
Whitelaw A G - - 1976
Skinfold thickness measurements were made at biceps, triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac sites on both sides on 265 full-term newborn infants. The mothers were classified as thin (25), normal (179), or obese (61) on the basis of their triceps skinfold thicknesses. At all skinfold sites the babies of the obese mothers ...
Picard L - - 1976
158 pneumoencephalographies of infants less than 2 years old were examined and 53 of them had a large cavum veli interpositi. A neuroradiological description of this cistern is given and a comparison made with injected anatomical specimens. A statistical comparison with 105 pneumoencephalographies without a cavum veli interpositi does not ...
Uszynska-Folejewska R - - 1976
The concentrations of plasminogen activators and urokinase inhibitors were determined in histological sections of 87 foetuses and newborns. It was found that urokinase inhibitors are a constant component of lung tissue in foetuses in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy and in newborns. With progressing maturation of foetuses the ...
Keeling M E - - 1975
The Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center has successfully bred chimpanzees since 1930. Breeding statistics for the last 6 yr and problems of fetal waste and infant mortality are presented here. Experience with a potential advantages of semi-free-ranging breeding systems are presented. This 6-yr study period also produced considerable information on ...
Shek P N - - 1975
Rabbits foetal sera harvested on the 28th day of gestation and sera from newborn rabbits were subjected to chromatography on Sephadex G-200. IgM and IgG were found in these sera. These immunoglobulins carried only maternal allotypic specificities and therefore, were not synthesized by the foetuses, but were transferred from the ...
Adinolfi M - - 1975
Using specific immune sera, C7, C9, and C3 activator were detected in sera from human fetuses more than 16 weeks old and in newborn samples. Levels of C9 in cord sera ranged between 10 and 30% of those present in sera from adult subjects. The mean value of Ce activator ...
Brown W U - - 1975
Distribution and elimination of lidocaine and mepivacaine were studies in 114 subjects after obstetric epidural anesthesia, Epinephrine significantly lowered the concentrations of lidocaine in the mothers' circulations by about 33 per cent, and the concentrations of mepivacaine by about 22 per cent. It also significantly altered their concentrations in the ...
Allan W G - - 1975
BCG at birth was administered to 3,297 new born babies in Hong Kong using the intradermal, simple triangular and bifurcated needle techniques. Tuberculin testing at 3 months showed similar mean reactions for the intradermal and simple triangular needle methods, namely 9-74 mm and 9-87 mm with 9-94 mm for the ...
McCredie J - - 1975
The mode of teratogenic action of thalidomide is unknown. A new radiological interpretation of thalidomide-induced limb malformations suggested that pathological changes should be sought in the sensory ganglia. Newborn rabbits with thalidomide-induced limb defects were examined histologically, and failure of maturation of dorsal root ganglion cells was demonstrated. This neuronal ...
Vernier M C - - 1975
7,773 placentae of newborns were analyzed in order to test a hypothesis of specific immunological concepto-maternal interactions due to maleness and occurring during normal pregnancy. An association between placental weight of newborn male and the sex of conceptuses of previous pregnancies was found which supports the hypothesis. No such an ...
Kolb C - - 1974
IgG of paternal allotype first becomes detectable in the serum of (BALB/c x C57BL/6)F(1) mice between day 12 and 14 after birth and reaches adult levels at an age of 5 wk. Since in mice there is a transfer of maternal IgG molecules through the placenta and via milk, F(1) ...
A collection of documents, aimed at parents, looking at pregnancy and newborn babies. Topics covered include looking after a baby, pregnancy and childbirth, common conditions and medical problems, feeding, growth, communication, play and learning, and sleep. Some of the topics are also available in Spanish. Published by KidsHealth, a project ...
Rose G G - - 1968
The circumfusion system is a complex in vitro pumping unit incorporating 12 multipurpose culture chambers through which a serum-supplemented fluid nutrient is recirculated at a rate of 4.5 ml/min per chamber. This system was used to study the differentiative responses of fetal and newborn mouse liver explants placed in the ...
Potter R G - - 1966
Two problems are associated with the analysis of use-effectiveness of contraception. First, couples belonging to a sample of contraceptors typically vary in their monthly chances of contraceptive failure. Second, one does not observe for many, and perhaps a majority of the couples, how long they can remain protected with the ...
VINCE D J - - 1965
A four-electrode resistance-combined network system was used to record the vector-cardiograms of 15 full-term infants, from birth to 96 hours of life. In the horizontal plane the QRS loop was described in a clockwise manner anterior to the point of origin. Initially it was directed anteriorly to the left and, ...
VENKATACHALAM P S - - 1962
The dietary, clinical and biochemical investigations reported in this paper revealed that the large majority of the subjects-pregnant women of the low socio-economic group in South India-underwent the nutritional stress of gestation without adequate preparation or protection either before or during pregnancy. The subjects suffered from varying degrees of calorie-protein ...
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