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Diamond M J - - 1986
This article has presented a psychoanalytic perspective on the process of becoming a father. It began with a discussion of the neglect of the father during pregnancy and briefly considered evidence as to the unique contributions made by fathers of the newborn. Nine psychodynamically based wishes emerging throughout the developmental ...
Offidani C - - 1986
The authors describe their experience with methadone treatment in pregnancy. Thirteen abuser pregnant women were studied under defined obstetrical and toxicological protocol. Newborns were also included in this study. In some cases a complete adherence to therapeutic program, allowing labour under very low methadone dosage (5 mg/day), minimized toxicological neonatal ...
Lloyd R D - - 1985
Newborn mice exposed to 241Am or 237Pu during gestation and whose mothers were given Zn-DTPA at various times before parturition contained less radioactivity than comparable newborn mice given identical 241Am or 237Pu exposure without Zn-DTPA treatment of the mothers. There was no net increase in radionuclide transfer from mothers to ...
Fitzgerald T J - - 1985
A model for congenital syphilis in rabbits was developed based on multiple intravenous injections of pregnant does with high concentrations of Treponema pallidum. A total of 48 pregnant does and 394 newborns were evaluated. Indications of in utero infection included a 7- to 10-fold increase in fetal mortality and a ...
Adzick N S - - 1985
We compared simultaneous healing processes in fetal, newborn, and maternal rabbits using a miniaturized wound cylinder of expanded Gore-Tex tubing. The tubing was placed subcutaneously in fetal and maternal rabbits on day 23 of pregnancy (term = 31 to 32 days), and in 7-day-old newborn rabbits. At specific intervals, the ...
Iwamoto H S - - 1985
The substrate and oxygen uptake by some organs in intact developing animals has been described, however, the kidney has not been studied. To examine substrate and oxygen uptake by the kidney, we implanted polyvinyl catheters into the renal vein, descending aorta, inferior vena cava, and urinary bladder of 11 fetal ...
Ophir D - - 1985
We report a case of an extremely large granular cell epulis situated on the maxillary alveolar ridge of a newborn. It obstructed the infant's mouth and caused polyhydramnios. The lesion was detected in utero by ultrasonography and removed after birth in the delivery room, with satisfactory results. It is evident ...
Rennie J M - - 1985
A new method of measuring bleeding time using an Autolet device is described. Normal ranges of bleeding time and volume of blood used in the test have been defined in a population including preterm babies. Abnormal values have been shown in newborns with a variety of problems, and an abnormality ...
Schneidereit M - - 1985
Following i.v. injection of Nb-95 into pregnant rats, fetuses and newborns were dissected and measured for radioactivity after several time intervals. At any time only a small quantity of the administered radioactivity was transferred to fetus and newborn and the fetal tissue concentrations were always lower than the maternal ones. ...
Shuper A - - 1985
The incidence of isolated, nonsyndromatic craniosynostosis in a newborn population was found to be 0.6 per 1,000 live births. The distribution by anatomic types was metopic suture, 50%; sagittal suture, 28%; coronal suture, 16.5%; and lambdoid suture, 5.5%. We found a higher incidence of trigonocephaly than has been reported previously.
Naccache P H - - 1984
Following its addition to a suspension of rabbit neutrophils, leukotriene B4 is rapidly (less than 1 min) recovered from the cytoskeletal fraction (Triton X-100 insoluble pellet) of these cells. The association of leukotriene B4 with the cytoskeleton can be competed with by leukotriene B4 itself and by 20-OH leukotriene B4 ...
Huel G - - 1984
Newborn and maternal hair samples were obtained from subjects occupationally exposed to heavy metals and from matched controls. The geometric means of levels of cadmium and lead in hair from exposed mothers and of cadmium in hair from transplacentally exposed newborns were twice as high as levels present in samples ...
Pacini F - - 1984
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) was measured in the cord blood of 635 newborns and serum thyroxine (T4) reverse triiodothyronine (rT3), TSH and T3 were measured in about 200 of them. Cord Tg was detectable in all newborns with a mean +/- SE value (50 +/- 1.3 ng/ml) higher than that found ...
Turner G R - - 1984
The data implicating prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors as an etiology for PPHN are reviewed. Consideration is given to the pharmacology of prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors in the fetus and newborn, the role of prostaglandins in the fetal and neonatal circulation, and the effect of closure of the ductus arteriosus on the fetal ...
Hirobe T - - 1984
In the dorsal epidermis of both C57BL/10J (black, BB) and C57BR/cdJ (brown, bb) mice, the number of melanocytes positive to the dopa reaction (melanocyte population) increases from birth to day 3 or 4, and then gradually decreases. However, the number of melanoblasts plus melanocytes positive to the combined dopa-premelanin reaction ...
Wong R C - - 1984
Pregnancy produces many skin changes, some of which are specifically related to pregnancy (dermatoses of pregnancy) and others that are more common and called physiologic. These physiologic skin changes usually do not impair the health of the mother or the fetus; nevertheless, some can be cosmetically significant and of importance ...
Yung M W - - 1984
A macroscopic staining method was used to display and measure the extent of squamous epithelium in the subglottis of stillborn babies and of babies less than 3 months old. Squamous epithelium was found to be present in some babies without a previous history of intubation (3 of 8) and in ...
Campos A - - 1984
Several types of statoconia, differing in size and shape, have been observed in macula utriculi, the smaller ones in the macular periphery. The larger statoconia seem to be formed by the association of smaller units and calcium presence is comparatively higher: In some parts of the marginal zone there exists ...
Embil J A - - 1984
We examined specimens for L. monocytogenes using the "cold enrichment" technique of Gray et al. (J. Bacteriol., 55: 471, 1948) and a nalidixic agar plate (Ann. Inst. Pasteur 111: 90, 1966). Between 1974 and May 1981, we isolated L. monocytogenes from four of 5,255 specimens (rectal, vaginal and placental swabs; ...
Aumaitre A - - 1984
Two experiments were carried out in the same farrowing house with the aim of comparing the efficiency of two types of floors and in order to estimate the effect of bedding material on the performance of newborn piglets. In addition, the productivity data of our sow herd as well as ...
Fukuda M N - - 1983
The glycolipids of blood group type O adult, newborn, and fetal erythrocytes were compared. The total amount of glycolipids was indistinguishable between adult and newborn erythrocytes. However, glycolipids with long and neutral carbohydrates and the H determinant were greatly reduced in newborn cells. On the other hand, the amount of ...
Aase J M - - 1983
Those fetal structures that are normally marked by passive growth in response to neighboring tissues show the effects of extrinsic deforming forces in distinctive ways. An appreciation for the mechanisms of deformation in these structures allows for more accurate clinical diagnosis, provides guidance for prognostic counseling and treatment, and may ...
Terlecki S - - 1983
In the course of a study of normal bovine foetal development, the brain and spinal cord of 24 newborn calves and 81 foetuses, all of the Jersey breed and ranging in age from 60 to 280 days gestation, were examined histologically. This examination revealed cellular aggregates in the spinal dura ...
Huisman T H - - 1983
The gamma chain compositions of the fetal hemoglobins of 2453 newborn babies from East Asian countries (1350 babies), from Italy, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Georgia (417 Caucasian babies), and 686 black babies from Georgia were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography. Unusual results for a limited number of babies were confirmed ...
Levene C - - 1983
Haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), in the fifth child of an Israeli of Moroccan origin, disclosed anti-Tar in the serum of the mother. This anti-Tar, the second reported example, is the first to cause HDN and was stimulated by previous pregnancies. Tests on blood from the family show that ...
Zanardo V - - 1983
The transaminase enzymatic activity (SGOT-SGPT) was measured in the first 72h. of life, within the 7th day and on the 30th day of life in two groups of new borns i.e. full-term and premature ones with a gestational age less than or equal to 37 weeks. The premature babies were ...
Lateur-Rowet H J - - 1983
The fate of colostrum and other fluids given with an oesophageal feeder was studied in newborn calves and in young calves up to 3 weeks by means of radiological techniques. Any fluid given with an oesophageal feeder was found in the forestomachs, since it apparently did not induce an oesophageal ...
Syllm-Rapoport I - - 1983
The red cell creatine concentration was determined in 174 newborns (cord blood) and in 50 healthy adults. Normal values for term adequate for gestational age newborns without intrauterine and perinatal risk (n = 53) were established to lie significantly above those for adults. Newborns after risk pregnancies had higher mean ...
Wagener C - - 1983
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was localized in various embryonic and fetal human tissues between 8 and 16 weeks of gestation as well as in the colorectal mucosa of older fetuses, newborns and adults. Among the embryonic tissues, CEA was always present in the esophagus, the gastric antrum, the duodenum and the ...
Ausserer O - - 1983
Massive adrenal hemorrhage of the newborn is a rare phenomenon. The pathogenesis is still unclear; massive hemorrhage has been observed in newborns after difficult and prolonged deliveries or placental bleeding, and in small prematures with intrapartum anoxia. The authors report a newborn operated on the fifth day of life after ...
Kokkonen J - - 1983
Serum calcium and 25-OH-D3 in mothers of newborns with craniotabes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether calcium or vitamin D balance during late pregnancy have influence on the outcome of newborn craniotabes. 27 mothers and their fullterm newborns with craniotabes in two series were studied for clinical ...
Yamasaki F - - 1982
Papillae, located along the anterolateral margin of the human tongue, were observed in fetal and newborn stages. The papillae appeared in the prenatal period and attained maximum development in the newborn. They had almost disappeared by the time of weaning. Although morphologically, the papillae may be considered to be a ...
Koepke J E - - 1982
In order to find out how much sucking human newborns evidence when a sucking object is readily available, pacifiers were given to 10 newborns in response to the spontaneous occurrence of empty sucking, rooting, and mouthing and were left in their mouths until the babies relinquished them. The spontaneous occurrence ...
Davies D P - - 1982
This investigation extends our knowledge of the size of British born Asian babies compared with those of white Caucasian origin. Seventy Leicester born term Asian babies at birth were lighter, shorter, leaner and had smaller heads than their white Caucasian counterparts. The Asian mothers were shorter and lighter at the ...
Suzuki S - - 1982
From the viewpoint of fetal distress related disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the Hageman Factor, kinin-kallikrein system were investigated and on the other hand the adaptation of the normal newborn to extrauterine life was also evaluated. (1) The Kininogen volume of the cord venous blood was approximately 1/2-1/3 or there abouts ...
Ostensen M - - 1982
The influence of pregnancy on the course of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was evaluated for 87 pregnancies of 50 patients. Remission of AS was recorded in 18 pregnancies, exacerbation in 21, and no change in 48. A short flareup of AS was noticed postpartum in 45% of the patients. Postpartum anterior ...
Kostial K - - 1982
Ash from the coal gasification process contains a broad spectrum of elements which through leaching (gasifier ash leachates) may enter into the environment. The health effect of such leachates i.e. complex mixtures of inorganic elements is insufficiently known. We investigated the effect of gasifier ash leachates in a chronic-(9-month) and ...
Chow S N - - 1982
Cord serum triglyceride concentrations in 214 Chinese newborns were measured at birth with the Hitachi Model 716 autoanalyzer using the G-3-PDH UV end point method. The mean and the 95th percentile value in a normal population of 100 newborns were found to be 28 mg/100 ml and 48 mg/100 ml, ...
Weindling A M - - 1981
A high incidence of group B streptococcal disease of the newborn in West Berkshire led to a prospective study of the condition. Cultures taken from 1090 babies shortly after birth showed that 65 (6%) were colonised with the streptococcus. Thirty of these babies were assigned to group 1. Bacteriological samples ...
Peltier F A - - 1981
A 32-week-old (gestational age) female infant with epidermolysis bullosa letalis (EBL) (confirmed by light and electron microscopy) had a gastric-outlet obstruction on routine roentgenographic examination. An autopsy showed a fibrous cord connecting the stomach and first part of the duodenum in the area of the pylorus. A review of the ...
Veale W L - - 1981
A central nervous system pathway appears to exist that can suppress fevers in near-term females and their newborn, as indicated by sheep and guinea pig experiments. This same fever-modulating pathway may control febrile rises in body temperature under normal circumstances. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) may function as a neurotransmitter in this ...
Becker I D - - 1981
The bactericidal capacity of mononuclear and polymorphonuclear phagocytes obtained from normal newborn infants and from healthy adults was evaluated in vitro, using two group B beta-hemolytic streptococci (GBBHS) serotypes (GBBHS-Ia-SS-615/28 and GBBHS-III-SS-620/50) and uniform opsonic conditions. No intertype differences in bacteriolysis of these two serotypes were observed among leukocytes from ...
Huel G - - 1981
Head hair samples were taken from 110 mothers and their newborns at delivery and analyzed for cadmium and lead content. Positive association for cadmium content, but not lead, was found between mothers and newborns. Correlation between the two metals was observed in the babies' hair. Lead levels in the mothers' ...
Maudsley R F - - 1981
Many women of childbearing age are in the workforce. Pregnant women wishing to continue working often seek the advice of their physician. The advice should be based on an understanding of the physiological changes of pregnancy and current information about industrial hazards. A thorough review and periodic reassessment of the ...
Tudiver F - - 1981
The father has a new emerging role in pregnancy and childbirth. If he becomes an active, involved participant in pregnancy, labor, and birth, he will likely become more involved in fathering his child and will take on a more nurturing, child care role. Engrossment or father-infant interaction immediately postpartum has ...
Sholder D A - - 1981
To discover whether the American woman has a preconceived idea of her newborn's appearance, ten primigravidas were asked to draw their newborns-to-be and were interviewed about their expectations. Responses were analyzed for recurring themes and compared with a stereotypical baby described by Lorenz. The informants' general descriptions of their newborns-to-be ...
Christiansen C - - 1981
Bone mineral content (BMC) in the long bones was measured by photon absorptiometry in epileptic pregnant and normal pregnant women an in their newborns. The BMC (highly related to total body calcium) was completely unchanged during pregnancy in both groups. The BMC was of virtually the same order in the ...
Crystle C D - - 1980
The safety of a modified Leboyer method of delivery was assessed by comparing 87 Leboyer deliveries with 232 conventional ones. No significant increase in risks to mother or newborn was identified. The subjective advantages of the method are a quiet delivery room, immediate newborn-maternal contact and the father's participation in ...
Alteras I - - 1980
103 pregnant women, at the onset of labor, and their newborn infants, up to the forth neonatal day, were investigated for the presence of Candida albicans in their vaginal discharge stool and oral exudate. Direct microscopic examination showed the presence of pseudomycelium and budding cells in only 7 of the ...
Ibeziako P A - - 1980
The levels of malarial fluorescent antibody titers (MFAT) were estimated throughout pregnancy and at delivery in 20 urban Nigerian primigravidas who received malarial chemoprophylaxis. There was a statistically significant (p < 0.001) fall in the MFAT levels as pregnancy progressed. The mean logarithmic MFAT levels were 2.8664 +/- 0.3326 and ...
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