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- - 2014
Postterm pregnancy refers to a pregnancy that has reached or extended beyond 42 0/7 weeks of gestation from the last menstrual period (LMP), whereas a late-term pregnancy is defined as one that has reached between 41 0/7 weeks and 41 6/7 weeks of gestation (). In 2011, the overall incidence ...
Rakhshani Abbas A a Department of Life Sciences , Svyasa University , Bengaluru , - - 2014
The prevalence of pregnancy complications are on the rise globally with sever consequences. According to the World Health Organization, every minute, at least one woman dies and twenty are affected by the complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. While the root cause of pregnancy complications is unclear, it likely has ...
Phillips Jennifer - - 2014
To determine the completeness and readability of information found in Wikipedia for leading dietary supplements and assess the accuracy of this information with regard to safety (including use during pregnancy/lactation), contraindications, drug interactions, therapeutic uses, and dosing. Cross-sectional analysis of Wikipedia articles. The contents of Wikipedia articles for the 19 ...
Frawley Jane J 1 Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney , Ultimo, New South Wales, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Up to 87% of women are using some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) during their pregnancy, and this study was conducted to investigate the information sources that these women find influential in relation to such use. Design: The study sample was obtained via the Australian Longitudinal ...
Kavanagh Phillip S PS School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
There are alarming rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in the Kimberley region of Western Australia despite numerous international studies demonstrating the links between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and FASD. The aim of this research was to help determine factors that may be associated with correct knowledge about safe ...
Lim Li Min LM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University Hospital, NUHS Tower Block, Level 12, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119228, - - 2014
Induced abortion is one of the most commonly performed gynaecological procedures in the world. Medical and surgical methods are available for both first- and second-trimester abortions. Generally, for women presenting between 7 and 14 weeks gestation, vacuum aspiration is an appropriate method. Medical method of abortion is otherwise recommended for ...
Cheong M A - - 2014
In the management of complex medical cases such as a multifetal pregnancy, knowledge of the ethical and legal implications is important, alongside having competent medical skills. This article reviews these principles and applies them to scenarios of multifetal pregnancy and fetal reduction. Such a discussion is not solely theoretical, but ...
Maher M M King's College London, London, - - 2014
: This is a prospective survey performed in a large teaching hospital in the UK. The aim of the study is to assess the awareness amongst women of the benefit and use of folic acid during pregnancy and whether their knowledge improved following hospital visits. A total of 603 women ...
Burrell C C Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Barking, Havering and Redbridge, - - 2014
In the UK there are no formal guidelines for Obstetricians, Commissioning Parents or Surrogates about pregnancy. There are no Obstetric or Paediatric Registry, audit or pregnancy follow-up. The "contract," between the surrogate and commissioning couple is legally unenforceable. Under UK jurisdiction, The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (HFEA) 2008 Section ...
Scarr C C University Hospital Wales, Cardiff, - - 2014
To understand the underlying pathology and antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal issues associated with Fanconi anaemia, and to appreciate the importance of care planning and MDT working. Described first in 1927, Fanconi anaemia is one of an autosomal recessive group of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes. It is characterised by dysmorphic ...
Choo Bl B Lancashire Women and Newborn Centre, Burnley General Hospital, Burnley, - - 2014
One of the 3 major neural tube defects, anencephaly is incompatible with life. Women with affected fetuses are offered termination of the pregnancy. However, about a quarter of the population served in East Lancashire is Muslim and termination of pregnancy is not an acceptable option for a significant proportion of ...
Scarr C C University Hospital Wales, Cardiff, - - 2014
To understand the underlying pathology and antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal problems associated with Von Willebrand's disease, and to appreciate the importance of care planning and MDT working. Von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in the general population. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion ...
Simcox LE L Department of Obstetrics, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
: Haemophilia A and B can cause significant bleeding in affected males. Labour management of a potentially affected male should be cautious due to the potential risk of fetal haemorrhage, with delivery advised in a specialist Haemophilia centre. Historically, first trimester invasive testing has been offered but is now rarely ...
Broussard Cheryl S CS National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
To address information gaps that limit informed clinical decisions on medication use in pregnancy, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) solicited expert input on a draft prototype outlining a systematic approach to evaluating the quality and strength of existing evidence for associated risks. The draft prototype outlined a ...
Porteous Helen E HE Nutrition and Dietetics, Logan Hospital, Queensland Health, Meadowbrook, QLD 4131, - - 2014
A demonstrated link exists between maternal diet and maternal and infant health outcomes during and after pregnancy. A dietetic maternity service (0.6FTE for 3500 births) was introduced in 2012 at our hospital in a socially-disadvantaged area. We needed to develop evidence-based, patient-oriented improvements to nutrition services within resource limitations. This ...
Azizi Fereidoun F Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Maternal hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is associated with adverse impacts on both mother and fetus. Recently, the American Thyroid Association and the Endocrine Society have published guidelines for the management of thyroid diseases in pregnancy. We aimed to disclose the impact of these guidelines in current practices of Asian members of ...
Cea Soriano Lucia L Spanish Centre for Pharmacoepidemiologic Research (CEIFE), Madrid, Spain; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the management of antihypertensive medications in pregnancy by general practitioners in the UK and compare it with current guidelines. We used electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network database from 1996 to 2010 to identify completed pregnancies. The study cohort included the first pregnancy ...
Stohl Hindi E HE UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Torrance, - - 2014
Shoulder dystocia is an unpredictable obstetric emergency with the potential for significant morbidity. Accurate and comprehensive documentation is critical for clinical decision-making and risk management. This study evaluates physicians' shoulder dystocia delivery notes to assess for comprehensiveness and identify potential areas for improvement. Physician narrative delivery notes for vaginal deliveries ...
Miller Lauren A LA Exempla Saint Joseph's Hospital & Tufts University School of Public Health, Denver, - - 2014
There are 57,000 opiate-exposed pregnancies every year in the United States. Buprenorphine is a promising therapy for opiate addiction during pregnancy, but there have been no investigations to date to determine the position of obstetricians regarding buprenorphine. This study surveyed obstetricians to assess their knowledge of buprenorphine and their current ...
Aftab Alam Haji Muhammad HM Department of General Medicine1 / Pulmonology2, Military Hospital, Mall Road, - - 2014
Snakebite in pregnant women is rarely reported in medical literature. It is almost non-existent to the best of our knowledge involving common krait (Bungarus caeruleus). The case reported here involved a 30 weeks pregnant young women from Rawalpindi (Pakistan), with myasthenia-like syndrome. The protocol employed in her treatment to cure ...
Kwon So-Young SY Department of Anesthesiology and Pain medicine, St.Vincent Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Pain is the most common complication of leiomyoma in pregnancy (1). Severe abdominal pain can occur if a leiomyoma undergoes degeneration, which occurs in 5-8% of leiomyomas during pregnancy (2, 3). We wish to call attention to successful severe pain management by epidural administration of a local anesthetic via a ...
Taheri M M 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Mary's - - 2014
Our national survey demonstrates increased use of medical and laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy in the UK. In the UK in 2000, 35% of cases were managed by laparoscopy, 63% by laparotomy and 1% with medication. A recent review in the USA revealed increasing rates of medical management and decreasing ...
Torres Jennifer J Department of Sociology (Dr Torres), Center for Bioethics, Department of Graduate Medical Education, School of Medicine (Dr De Vries), and School of Nursing; and Department of Women's Studies (Dr Low), University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) is used for the majority of births that occur in the United States. While there are indications for use of EFM for women with high-risk pregnancies, its use in low-risk pregnancies is less evidence-based. In low-risk women, the use of EFM is associated with an increased ...
Bick Debra E DE King׳s College London, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
to identify the extent to which Early Warning Systems (EWS) are used by midwives in the United Kingdom (UK), the maternity settings they are used in, physiological parameters used to 'trigger' referral, training provision, barriers to implementation and role in preventing maternal morbidity. cross-sectional survey of heads of midwifery services. ...
Gemzell-Danielsson Kristina K Department of Women and Children's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Family planning counseling and the provision of postabortion contraception should be an integrated part of abortion and postabortion care to help women avoid another unplanned pregnancy and a repeat abortion. Postabortion contraception is significantly more effective in preventing repeat unintended pregnancy and abortion when it is provided before women leave ...
Gray Jennifer B JB a Department of Communication , Appalachian State University , Boone , North Carolina , - - 2014
Pregnancy is a time of uncertainty and stress for many women, and these aspects are compounded for those facing unplanned pregnancies. Social support communication is considered a vital part of healthy outcomes in pregnancy but is largely unexplored in the unplanned pregnancy context, particularly for college-aged young women. The present ...
Serra Allison E AE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, Orange, - - 2014
A 44 year old G4P3 presents with massive hernia recurrence and bowel obstruction. Her symptoms resolve with conservative management and she is delivered by cesarean section at term with herniorrhaphy performed ten weeks postpartum.
Awoyesuku E A EA Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to report a case of bilateral congenital eversion of the upper eyelid in an 8 h- old male baby. JD is an 8 h-old male baby born by normal vaginal delivery after prolonged labor, to a 24-year-old primigravida. Pregnancy was said to be term ...
Kappeler Evelyn M EM Office of Adolescent Health, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, - - 2014
In Fiscal Year 2010, Federal funds were dedicated to support evidence-based approaches to effectively target teen pregnancy prevention and resulted in the establishment of the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) and the Teen Pregnancy Prevention (TPP) Program. Through the tiered TPP Program, OAH supports replication and evaluation of programs using ...
Vandana Department of Physiology, NMCH, Jamuhar, Sasaram, Bihar, 821305, - - 2014
Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine disorder, only after diabetes mellitus, affecting females in reproductive age group. Pregnancy is associated with profound repercussions on the thyroid status of a lady. Thyroid dysfunctions such as hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroid nodules may develop during pregnancy leading to abortion, placental abruptions, ...
Arthur Chris C Redcliffe Hospital, Redcliffe, Queensland, - - 2014
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is an uncommon obstetric condition characterised by intense maternal pruritis and biochemical abnormality. There is a degree of contention regarding the diagnosis and management of ICP, and currently, there are no nationally accepted guidelines. To conduct a survey of Fellows and Members of the Royal ...
Lagan Briege M BM University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, - - 2014
The increase in online purchasing of medications raises safety concerns regarding teratogenic drugs. The use of the teratogenic drug 'isotretinoin' for women of childbearing age requires strict adherence to the Pregnancy Prevention Programme (PPP), a risk minimisation measure imposed on prescribers and users. We sought to determine how readily consumers ...
Macgregor E Anne - - 2014
Purpose of Review: This article provides an overview of the diagnosis and management of primary and secondary headaches that may occur during pregnancy and postpartum. Headache presenting in pregnancy is of significant concern to the affected woman. Quick and correct diagnosis leads to the optimal management, minimizing risks to the ...
Kaye Dan K - - 2014
Development of appropriate interventions to increase male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth is vital to strategies for improving health outcomes of women with obstetric complications. The objective was to gain a deeper understanding of their experiences of male involvement in their partners' healthcare during pregnancy and childbirth. The findings might ...
Torloni Mr M Brazilian Cochrane Centre, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Internal Medicine, São Paulo Federal University, São Paulo, - - 2014
Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and maternal request is cited as one of the main reasons for this trend. Women's preferences for route of delivery are influenced by popular media, including magazines. We assessed the information on CS presented in Spanish women's magazines. Systematic review. Women's magazines printed ...
Alkaabi Mariam S - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes among women in a high-income developing country regarding pregnancy and antenatal care. Methods: Women who participated in the study were asked to complete a questionnaire. The questionnaire enquired about age, level of education, Internet use, marital ...
Mountifield Réme R Dept Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Flinders Medical Centre, South Australia, Australia; Flinders University of South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) have poor knowledge regarding the implications of disease for fertility and pregnancy. Previous studies suggest that this poor knowledge adversely influences reproductive decision making. To examine the effect of a single group education session on IBD-specific reproductive knowledge in subjects with IBD. People with ...
Harris Rachel C RC Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass, - - 2014
With advancements in medical care, many women with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) are now living into adulthood and childbearing years. The strains of pregnancy and parturition can be dangerous in such patients, and careful interdisciplinary plans must be made to optimize maternal and fetal health through this process. Several ...
Charlton Rachel - - 2014
Medicine use during pregnancy is common; however the safety of medicine use during pregnancy is largely unknown when a medicine comes to market. Electronic healthcare databases, including the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), are increasingly being used for post-marketing surveillance in this field. The CPRD contains anonymised, longitudinal medical records ...
Pellegrino A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Malzoni Hospital , - - 2014
We report the efficacy of a minimally invasive approach of the multidose protocol with methotrexate (MTX) in the management of three cases of interstitial pregnancy (IP), with elevated serum β-hCG in two cases. New considerations and management strategies are discussed. Successful termination of IP and in one case, a subsequent ...
Hailu Desta D Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, - - 2014
In many developing countries including Ethiopia, maternal morbidity and mortality still pose a substantial burden and thus progress towards the fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) remains slow. Raising awareness of women about the danger signs of pregnancy and childbirth is the first essential step in accepting appropriate and timely referral ...
Robinson Fiona F University of - - 2014
Childbearing women are increasingly engaging with social media and technology. The use of apps for pregnancy and childbirth advice is a new approach to maternity provision, and has potential to impact upon midwifery. Apps are ideally placed to provide opportunities for women to access information; however, there are concerns about ...
Su Chuan-Jun CJ Department of Industrial Engineering & Management, Yuan Ze University, No. 135, Yuan-Tung Rd., Chung-Li City, Taoyuan County 320, Taiwan. - - 2014
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) systems integrate many previously separate clinical activities related to fetal monitoring. Promoting the use of ubiquitous fetal monitoring services with real time status assessments requires a robust information platform equipped with an automatic diagnosis engine. This paper presents the design and development of a mobile multi-agent ...
Maher Mark M King's College London, London, England, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess women's awareness of the benefit and use of folic acid during pregnancy and to assess whether their knowledge has improved following hospital visits. This is a prospective survey conducted in a large teaching hospital in the UK. The survey questionnaire consisted of ...
Gupta Rahul R Department of Paediatric Surgery, SPMCHI, SMS Hospital, Jaipur Rajasthan - - 2014
Stage 4S bilateral adrenal neuroblastoma presenting in the neonatal period is extremely rare. A 1-day-old male with 4Sbilateral adrenal neuroblastoma complicated by marked hepatomegaly managed by chemotherapy is being reported. The provisional diagnosis of neuroblastoma was made in the fetal life during the last trimester of pregnancy. Cardiomyopathy due to ...
Richard Frederic F Service de Gynécologie-obstétrique et Médecine de la Reproduction, Hôpital Tenon, Paris, - - 2014
Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is a well-known cause of pelvic pain and infertility. Malignant transformation of DIE is rare but can be suggested by MRI. We report a case of a spontaneous pregnancy in a woman with suspicion of malignant transformation of DIE with fistulisation to the posterior uterine isthmus ...
Drabble Laurie L Professor, San Jose State University Social Work, San Jose, California, - - 2014
This article describes U.S. state policies related to alcohol use during pregnancy, using data from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS). Specifically, this study examines trends in policies enacted by states over time and types of policies enacted across states in the ...
Suri Varun - - 2014
Background: Many studies have reported an association between periodontitis and adverse pregnancy outcomes, but there has been little research on the knowledge of obstetricians regarding oral care. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of practicing obstetricians in India about the relationship between oral health ...
Chiam Nathalie P Y NP Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, 32 Gisborne Street, East Melbourne, VIC 3002, - - 2014
The hormonal and immunological changes in pregnancy have a key role in maintaining maternal tolerance of the semiallogeneic foetus. These pregnancy-associated changes may also influence the course of maternal autoimmune diseases. Noninfectious uveitis tends to improve during pregnancy. Specifically, uveitis activity tends to ameliorate from the second trimester onwards, with ...
Stephenson Judith J Reproductive Medicine, Institute of Women's Health, UCL, London, United - - 2014
To determine the extent to which women plan and prepare for pregnancy. Cross-sectional questionnaire survey of pregnant women attending three maternity services in London about knowledge and uptake of preconception care; including a robust measure of pregnancy planning, and phone interviews with a range of health care professionals. We recruited ...
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