Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1226
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Tracy Timothy S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether drug metabolism (CYP1A2, CYP2D6 and CYP3A) activity varies in the pregnant state compared with the nonpregnant state. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were studied at 14 to18 weeks of gestation, 24 to 28 weeks of gestation, and 36 to 40 weeks of ...
Zanata S M - - 2005
The participation of thiol-oxidoreductases such as thioredoxin during implantation, embryogenesis and fetal development has been extensively studied. Here, we analyzed the expression of the thioredoxin superfamily enzyme quiescin Q6/sulfhydryl oxidase (QSOX) during development. Results show that QSOX is present in fetal bovine serum (4 months' gestation), but its levels decrease ...
Venkateswarlu Kanamarlapudi - - 2005
IPCEF1 has been reported to interact with ADP-ribosylation factor GTP exchange factors of the cytohesin family and function by modulating the cytohesin 2 activity. This article describes methods used to study the interaction and activation of cytohesin GEFs by IPCEF1. The experimental approaches described here include physical and functional interaction ...
Malina Amanda A Magee-Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2005
System A amino acid transporter activity is reduced in placentas from small-for-gestational-age (SGA) compared to normal pregnancies. We compared the expression of the system A transporters between preeclamptic and control and between small-for-gestational-age and controls pregnancies. We used placental samples from 18 preeclamptic pregnancies matched with 17 normal pregnancies and ...
Gonzalez Eva M - - 2005
Endorepellin, the C-terminal domain of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan, possesses angiostatic activity. The terminal laminin-like globular (LG3) domain of endorepellin appears to possess most of the biological activity on endothelial cells. LG3 protein has been detected in the urine of patients with end-stage renal disease and in the amniotic ...
Lindseth Glenda - - 2004
This study was designed to examine the relationships of demographics, anthropometrics, prenatal physical activity, serum cholesterol, and nutrient intakes to symptomatic cholelithiasis (gallstone) occurrence in 128 northern plains pregnant women. Data collected at 14 and 26 weeks of pregnancy and 4 weeks after delivery, indicated 25.8% of the Native American ...
Sánchez-Luceros Analía - - 2004
ADAMTS13 dysfunction has been involved in the pathogenesis of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura. This disorder occurs more frequently in women and, in 13% of them, is associated with pregnancy. However, there is little information on the protease behaviour in normal pregnancy. We studied von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS13 activity changes in ...
Al-Gubory Kaïs H - - 2004
The activities of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase (SOD1), manganese SOD (SOD2), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GSSG-R) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) were studied in sheep corpora lutea (CL) obtained on days 15, 40, 60, 80 and 128 of pregnancy. Maintained enzymatic activity of SOD1, SOD2, GPX, GSSG-R and GST were found ...
Shojaati Kushiar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In normal pregnancy, an increased aldosterone (Aldo) concentration coincides with volume expansion. In preeclampsia, Aldo levels are low despite intravascular volume depletion. The present investigation aimed to characterize the compromised Aldo synthesis in preeclampsia, and to identify the molecular basis hereof. METHODS: We recruited 66 pregnant women (24 uneventful, ...
Waite Leslie L - - 2005
We previously described activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) in the serum of pregnant women. We have also characterized this activating component by using a hexane-extracted serum fraction to examine PPAR activator levels in normal and preeclamptic (PE) pregnancies. In this study we report that the pregnancy PPAR ...
Yang Jun - - 2004
Epidemiological studies have indicated that the consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk for the development of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Phytochemicals, including phenolics and flavonoids, are suggested to be the major bioactive compounds contributing to the health benefits of fruits and ...
Skornicka Erin L - - 2004
A successful pregnancy can only occur when the maternal immune system fails to attack the allogeneic fetus. Two plasma proteins with described immunoregulatory activities, pregnancy zone protein (PZP) and placental protein-14 (PP14; also known as glycodelin-A), increase dramatically during pregnancy, prompting us to examine their potential role in mediating fetal ...
Keshri Govind - - 2004
Ethanolic extract of Ferula assafoetida and chloroform fraction of Melia azedarach, both devoid of estrogenic activity, were examined for their pregnancy interceptive property. Treatment of rats from days 1 to 7 of pregnancy with either of the plant extracts resulted in pregnancy failure in about 65-85% of the animals. The ...
Mousa Hatem A - - 2004
We investigated changes in both thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) antigen levels and its functional effect on in vitro fibrinolysis in normal pregnancy. 152 pregnant women and 31 women in the immediate postpartum period were studied, with pregnancy divided into 6 windows at 4 weekly intervals. As TAFI influences and ...
Moore Ayana - - 2004
Mitotic centromere-associated kinesin (MCAK) is a microtubule (MT)-destabilizing molecular motor. In the present study we show that the final 8 amino acids of the C-terminus of MCAK inhibit lattice-stimulated ATPase activity of the motor. Surprisingly, loss of this C-terminal 'tail' (MCAK-Q710) leads to more rapid depolymerization of MTs relative to ...
Chasan-Taber Lisa - - 2004
The effect of physical activity during pregnancy on maternal and fetal health remains controversial and studies have yet to identify the optimal dose of physical activity associated with favorable pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a pregnancy physical activity questionnaire (PPAQ). To ascertain the ...
Rodríguez Ileana I - - 2004
As part of an ongoing program to explore the chemical constituents of Caribbean marine invertebrates, a family of 13 new diterpene glycosides, pseudopterosins P-Z (1-11) and seco-pseudopterosins H (12) and I (13), have been isolated from the organic extracts of two collections of the sea whip Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae procured near ...
Zhou Yiqiang - - 2005
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which belong to cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-derived eicosanoids, have been implicated to vasodilate renal arterioles, inhibit sodium transport in the nephron, and regulate blood pressure in several animal models. Because pregnancy is associated with changes of blood pressure, the aim of this study was to examine whether renal ...
Lee Neung-Kee - - 2004
When hesperidin isolated from pericarpium of Citrus unshiu (family Rutaceae) was incubated with human intestinal microflora, its main metabolite was hesperetin, which was a main metabolite in urine of orally hesperidin-administered rats. The antiallergic activity of hesperidin and its metabolite hesperetin were investigated. Hesperidin did not inhibit the histamine release ...
Bergeron Kimberly G - - 2004
The main focus of this review is the management of active and latent tuberculosis in pregnancy in industrialized countries. The review is geared towards the healthcare professional taking care of the obstetric patient. The epidemiology of active and latent tuberculosis in the USA and recommendations for the screening of tuberculosis ...
DesMarais Vera - - 2004
Both the Arp2/3 complex and cofilin are believed to be important for the generation of protrusive force at the leading edge; however, their relative contributions have not been explored in vivo. Our results with living cells show that cofilin enters the leading edge immediately before the start of lamellipod extension, ...
Bujan-Nunez M C - - 2004
Brownian dynamics simulations were performed to determine the first collision and recollision rates of spherical reagent particles in a reaction medium made heterogeneous by the presence of randomly located inert spherical obstacles in a continuum solvent. The recollision rate vp (and hence the overall reactive collision rate when activation energy ...
Jenkin G - - 2004
In this review, our knowledge, gleaned from a range of species, of what determines gestation length, how fetal maturation and birth are synchronized and how the uterotonic mechanisms are activated at birth are discussed. Accumulated data indicate that fetal glucocorticoids are involved in, but do not necessarily play a causative ...
Gimenez Alejandro Piris - - 2004
There is a considerable body of evidence supporting the role of secretory type II-A phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) as an effector of the innate immune response. This enzyme also exhibits bactericidal activity especially toward Gram-positive bacteria. In this study we examined the ability of sPLA(2)-IIA to kill Bacillus anthracis, the etiological ...
Fulford Jonathan - - 2004
Previous studies have demonstrated the practicality of using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques to assess fetal brain activity. The purpose of this study was to compare the fetal hemodynamic response to that of the adult. Seventeen pregnant subjects, all of whom were at more than 36 weeks gestation were ...
Miyoshi M - - 2004
The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution and phagocytotic function of macrophages in bovine caruncles during pregnancy. Pregnant Holstein caruncles obtained at a slaughterhouse and by Caesarean section just before the onset of parturition were used. Macrophages in these caruncles were observed immunohistochemically and histochemically. Macrophages were ...
Kellis Eleftherios - - 2004
PURPOSE: To examine knee joint kinematics, electromyographic (EMG) activity patterns and ground reaction forces (GRF) during an instep soccer kick from three different approaches relative to the ball. METHODS: Ten male soccer players performed maximum kicks from 0 rad (K0), 0.81 rad (K45), and 1.62 rad (K90) angle between the ...
Walther Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of neutral endopeptidase in the turnover of atrial (ANP) and brain (BNP) natriuretic peptides and their N-terminal fragments in human fetal circulation. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Leipzig, Germany. SAMPLE: Nine control pregnancies and nine pregnancies with rhesus ...
DenkbaĊŸ Emir B - - 2004
The aim of this study was the preparation and characterization of chitosan sponges including a model antibiotic (i.e., norfloxacin). The chitosan sponges were prepared by a solvent evaporation method. The matrix was also cross-linked during the preparation. The results indicated that the chitosan sponges were in the fibrillar structure. The ...
Gertsch Jürg - - 2004
The shrub Phyllanthus piscatorum Kunth (Euphorbiaceae) is cultivated by various ethnic groups of the Amazon because of its piscicidal properties. During ethnobotanical fieldwork among the Yanomamï Amerindians in Venezuela we observed that Phyllanthus piscatorum was exclusively cultivated and used by the women. Aerial parts of this herbaceous shrub are employed ...
Huisman M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Groningen, CMC V, 4th floor, Y4187, PO Box 30001 Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The - - 2004
Trophoblast invasion is partly regulated by matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs). Aberrations in MMP-activity in early pregnancy are thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of pregnancy associated conditions like pre-eclampsia and intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). A direct relation however, has not been published. We tested the hypothesis that MMP activity in ...
Pan Zhen-Qiang - - 2004
This review summarizes recent advances concerning the Nedd8 regulatory pathway in four areas. One, substantial progress has been made in delineating the role of cullin family proteins, the only known substrates of the Nedd8 modification system. Cullins are molecular scaffolds responsible for assembling the ROC1/Rbx1 RING-based E3 ubiquitin ligases, of ...
Stel Vianda S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: First, to validate the LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire (LAPAQ) by a 7-day diary and a pedometer in older persons. Second, to assess the repeatability of the LAPAQ. Third, to compare the feasibility of these methods. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The study was performed in a subsample (n=439, aged 69-92 ...
Sullivan John T - - 2004
Suspensions of miracidia and cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were subjected to repeated freeze-thaw cycles and then injected into resistant Salvador strain Biomphalaria glabrata snails. A pronounced increase in the number of mitotic figures, relative to uninjected, sham-injected, or diluent (water)-injected controls, was observed in the amebocyte-producing organ (APO) at 3 ...
dos Santos Elizabeth V M - - 2004
Several molecular parameters for 2,3,5-substituted 1,4-naphthoquinones including 2-aziridinyl and 2,3-aziridinyl-1,4-naphthoquinones with antimalarial activities were obtained with the semi-empirical PM3 method. The descriptor related to the Gibbs free energy of an isodesmic equation defining the reduction of the naphthoquinones was found to have high correlation with activity. The quantitative models reported ...
O'connell Niamh M - - 2004
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency leads to an injury-related bleeding diathesis, which is notable for the variability in the bleeding tendency and the lack of a clear relationship between bleeding and FXI coagulant activity. Bleeding in this disorder occurs especially in areas of high fibrinolytic activity. Although a rare disorder, the ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of defibrillation is controversial. Reentry appearing immediately after the shock has been shown to be responsible for defibrillation failure in some studies while other studies have demonstrated that a rapid train of focal activations with the first focus appearing >50 ms after the shock is responsible for ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2004
In normal pregnancy, there is a marked increase in the procoagulant activity in maternal blood characterized by elevation of factors VII, X, VIII, fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor, which is maximal around term. This is associated with an increase in prothrombin fragments (PF1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin complexes. There is a decrease ...
Chorostowska-Wynimko J - - 2004
Caffeine and its active derivative, theobromine, are probably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substances. Considering their uninhibited transport via the placental barrier as well as immature enzymatic activities and metabolic pathways in embryos and infants resulting in the longer half-life of methyloxanthines and their accumulation, unrestrained uptake of these ...
Watanabe Takashi - - 2004
The thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a recently described inhibitor of fibrinolysis. Changes in the concentration of plasma TAFI molecules that are present and functional after activation by thrombin-thrombomodulin complex (TAFI activity) during pregnancy have not previously been studied, and we therefore conducted a present prospective study. Plasma TAFI ...
Malys Naglis - - 2004
Dcs1, the m7GpppX pyrophosphatase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been reported to 'scavenge' capped 5' end fragments generated by 3'-->5' mRNA degradation. We now show that the absence of Dcs1, and the closely related Dcs2 protein, compromises cellular responses to glucose-deprivation stress as well as to step changes in glucose availability. ...
Ku De-Hui W - - 2003
We studied 33 women during normal uneventful pregnancies and with no history of previous adverse pregnancy events for markers of activated coagulation and thrombin activity including prothrombin fragment 1.2(PF1.2), thrombin- antithrombin (TAT), and soluble fibrin polymer (SFP). In addition, we measured potential thrombin generation through the addition of thromboplastin to ...
Intini Giuseppe - - 2003
MUC7 16-mer (residues 36-51 of human salivary mucin, MUC7) and histatin 5 possess potent in vitro antifungal activity. In the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of these peptides in vivo using the experimental model of murine vulvo-vaginal candidiasis. The treatment groups included MUC7 16-mer, histatin 5, clotrimazole (all ...
Mora Liliana - - 2003
Release factors RF1 and RF2 recognize stop codons present at the A-site of the ribosome and activate hydrolysis of peptidyl-tRNA to release the peptide chain. Interactions with RF3, a ribosome-dependent GTPase, then initiate a series of reactions that accelerate the dissociation of RF1 or RF2 and their recycling between ribosomes. ...
Brouwer Marius - - 2003
The blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, which uses the copper-dependent protein haemocyanin for oxygen transport, lacks the ubiquitous cytosolic copper-dependent enzyme copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,ZnSOD) as evidenced by undetectable levels of Cu,ZnSOD activity, protein and mRNA in the hepatopancreas (the site of haemocyanin synthesis) and gills. Instead, the crab has an ...
Buneva V N - - 2003
In human milk we previously found catalytic antibodies (abzymes) catalyzing hydrolysis of DNA, RNA, NMP, NDP, and NTP and also phosphorylation of proteins and lipids. In the present study we have analyzed nuclease activities of antibodies in blood of women during pregnancy and lactation. Blood of healthy male and female ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of the activity patterns of women prior to pregnancy and factors associated with quitting activities during pregnancy. METHODS: These data arose from a study designed to look at the impact of exercise in pregnancy on birth weight (Campbell and Mottola, 2001). ...
Suda Yasuyuki - - 2003
NAD(+), an essential molecule involved in a variety of cellular processes, is synthesized through de novo and salvage pathways. NAD(+) synthetase catalyses the final step in both pathways. Here we show that this enzyme is encoded by the QNS1 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Expression of Escherichia coli or Bacillus subtilis ...
Mahmoud Fadia - - 2003
PROBLEM: Toxic anticholinesterases (AC) are known contributors to negative pregnancy outcome. Impairment of detoxification mechanisms may correlate with occurrence of pregnancy disorders in Kuwait. METHOD OF STUDY: Butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), an enzyme which detoxifies AC was evaluated in 18 Kuwaiti women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), compared with 15 healthy pregnant and ...
Aneja Ritu - - 2003
Gossypol--a male contraceptive is toxic and causes anorexia, reduction in body weight, hypokalemia etc. It prevents liberation of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin and has hemolytic effect on erythrocytes and leads to microcytic hypochromic anemia. SnPP has been shown to either competitively suppress or to significantly ameliorate a variety of naturally occuring ...
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