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Results 301 - 350 of 1256
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Levy Anat - - 2008
In the current study, we investigated the expression and activity of ACE2 during pregnancy in normotensive and hypertensive rats, focusing on the relative contribution of the uterus and the placentas, the kidney serving as a reference. We used the Sabra rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension. We confirmed a systemic vasodilatory ...
Siegel Paul D - - 2009
The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is an internationally accepted assay for identification of contact allergens. The LLNA has also been used in research studies to evaluate contact allergen potency, as well as chemical structural-allergenic activity relationships. The 1-bromoalkanes have been used in such a manner as they represent ...
He Ming-Fang - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (Celastraceae) has been traditionally used as folk medicine for centuries in China for the treatment of immune-inflammatory diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to assess the antiangiogenic activities which support the therapeutic use of Tripterygium wilfordii and its terpenoids for angiogenesis disease ...
Yoshida Manabu - - 2008
The sperm activating and attracting factor (SAAF) from the eggs of the ascidian Cionaintestinalis was identified as the sulfated polyhydroxysterol,3alpha,4beta,7alpha,26-tetrahydroxy-5alpha-cholestane-3,26-disulfate. We present a functional analysis of SAAF derivatives that reveals the roles of the various SAAF functional groups. Optical isomerism does not affect SAAF activities. Hydrolysis on one side, i.e. ...
Fell Deshayne B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare women's levels of physical activity during early pregnancy and during the year before pregnancy, and to identify characteristics associated with discontinuing sports and exercise among women previously active during the year before pregnancy. METHODS: Data collected from 1,737 women enrolled in ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Thrombelastograph (TEG; Haemoscope Corp.) analyzes clot formation in whole blood (WB) and treatment based on this analysis has been shown to reduce transfusion requirements in liver and cardiac surgery when compared to conventional coagulation analysis. Implementing TEG as a routine laboratory-based analysis, however, requires validation of the activators ...
Chasan-Taber Lisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Studies in predominantly non-Hispanic white populations have suggested that physical activity during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There are few such studies in Hispanic women, a group at increased risk for GDM. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of household/caregiving, occupational, ...
Luciano F B - - 2008
Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination is a significant meat safety issue in many countries. Allyl isothiocyanate (AIT) is a natural compound found to limit the survival of E. coli O157:H7 and other pathogens in meat and meat products. In the present study, it was found that glutathione and cysteine naturally present ...
Rahal Rami - - 2008
Mitotic cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) control entry into mitosis, but their role during mitotic progression is less well understood. Here we characterize the functions of CDK activity associated with the mitotic cyclins Clb1, Clb2, and Clb3. We show that Clb-CDKs are important for the activation of the ubiquitin ligase Anaphase-Promoting Complex/Cyclosome ...
Zhang Huixia H Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2008
The plasma concentrations of orally administered anti-human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors are significantly reduced during human and mouse pregnancy. We have shown that in the mouse, at gestational day 19, this reduction is due to increased hepatic cytochrome P450 3a (Cyp3a) protein expression and activity. In the current study, we ...
Sharangouda, K; ;
Petroleum ether and ethanol extracts of the whole plant of <i>Oxalis corniculata</i> were administered orally at the dose level of 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight from day 1 to 7 of pregnancy to evaluate the antiimplantation activity. Though all the treated groups showed significant antiimplantation activity when laparotomised on ...
Gaucher Eric - - 2008
The "Haute Qualite Environnementale" HQE concept is increasingly important for French building. The French acoustics consultants association, GIAc, has been working, with the ADEME's support in order to define acoustically a building that aims to be HQE. The approach is to come back to the analysis of a building acoustics ...
Ota Erika - - 2008
This study aimed to translate the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) into Vietnamese, and test its reliability and validity among Vietnamese pregnant women. Intraclass correlation (ICC) and the Bland and Altman method were used to assess the test-retest reliability of the PPAQ. The Pearson correlations coefficient between the PPAQ measurements ...
Vlachos Dimitrios G - - 2008
Free radical production and high catecholamine levels are implicated with the modulation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the mode of delivery on maternal-neonatal erythrocyte membrane AChE activity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Some women with normal pregnancy (N = 30) were divided into two groups: group A ...
Nielsen Dennis S - - 2008
Raw cocoa has an astringent, unpleasant taste and flavour, and has to be fermented, dried and roasted in order to obtain the characteristic cocoa flavour and taste. During the fermentation microbial activity outside the cocoa beans induces biochemical and physical changes inside the beans. The process is complex involving activity ...
Wu X X School of Clinical & Laboratory Sciences, University of Manchester, Great - - 2008
The smooth muscle of the uterus during pregnancy presents a unique circumstance of physiological mechanotransduction as the tissue remodels in response to stretches imposed by the growing foetus(es), yet the nature of the molecular and functional adaptations remain unresolved. We studied, in myometrium isolated from non-pregnant (NP) and pregnant mice, ...
Adjei Araba A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen (APAP) use in early pregnancy has been associated with the risk of gastroschisis, a rare but serious congenital defect of the abdominal wall. The purpose of this study was to characterize the variability of APAP sulfation in a panel of human fetal livers and to identify the sulfotransferases ...
Girardi Guillermina - - 2008
Appropriate complement inhibition is an absolute requirement for normal pregancy. Uncontrolled complement activation in the maternal-fetal interface leads to fetal death. Here we show that complement activation is a crucial and early mediator of pregnancy loss in two different mouse models of pregnancy loss. Using a mouse model of fetal ...
Matsubayashi Hidehiko - - 2008
PROBLEM: A decrease in factor XII (FXII) activity has been observed in women with unexplained recurrent miscarriages. Because of the many similarities between recurrent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) failure and early pregnancy loss patients, we investigated whether women with recurrent IVF-ET failure had low FXII activity. METHOD OF STUDY: ...
Hebert M F - - 2008
The objectives of the study were to evaluate the effects of pregnancy on CYP3A and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activities, as measured by disposition of midazolam and digoxin, respectively. Thirteen women received digoxin (0.25 mg p.o.) and midazolam (2 mg p.o.) in random order, separated by 1-2 weeks at 28-32 weeks gestation, ...
Dickmann Leslie J - - 2008
During human pregnancy, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP2D6 activities are altered. The aim of the current study was to determine if this phenomenon can be replicated in the rat, and to evaluate the mechanisms that contribute to the changes in Cyp2c and Cyp2d activity during pregnancy. The intrinsic clearance of dextromethorphan ...
Rosenkranz Andrea - - 2008
Pregnancy is associated with substantial changes in the haemostatic system and a six-fold higher incidence of venous thromboembolism. Conventional global tests, such as prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, do not definitely detect this hypercoagulable condition. We investigated whether the changes in haemostatic system during pregnancy are reflected in ...
Kwon Bowon - - 2008
Benzylideneacetone (BZA) is a metabolite of gram-negative entomopathogenic bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophila, and it acts as an enzyme inhibitor against phospholipase A2 (PLA2). PLA2 catalyzes a committed biosynthetic step of eicosanoids, which mediate insect immune reactions to infection by microbial pathogens. This study tested a hypothesis that a putative immunosuppressive activity ...
Hutton Lisa C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether uteroplacental delivery of endotoxin produces fetal systemic and central nervous system reactions that are suggestive of inflammation. STUDY DESIGN: Lipopolysaccharide (30 or 60 microg) was administered into the uterine artery of late gestation (135 +/- 0.3 days) pregnant sheep. Fetal ...
Girardi Guillermina - - 2008
The paternal antigens presented by the fetus could be considered foreign by the mother's immune system and elicit an immune response. Here we show that the complement system functions as an effector in fetal rejection in two different mouse models of pregnancy loss. In a mouse model of fetal loss ...
Sonneck K - - 2008
IgE-dependent activation of basophils is associated with upregulation of several surface molecules. We recently identified the surface enzyme aminopeptidase N (CD13) as a novel activation antigen on human basophils. In the present study, we asked whether CD13 can be employed as a novel marker of allergen-induced activation of basophils in ...
Hojo Satoshi - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Protein S (PS) activity has been shown to decrease during normal pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine any correlation between decreased maternal PS activity and fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of maternal PS activity and complement 4b-binding protein (C4BP) concentration ...
Schlüssel Michael Maia - - 2008
A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate the effects of physical activity during pregnancy on selected maternal-child health outcomes. The search included articles published from 1980 to 2005 in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases using key words such as physical activity, physical exercise, pregnancy, and gestation. The methodological quality ...
Speranzini L B M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Progesterone, estrogen and the hormonal complex of pregnancy have been responsible for some degree of colon hypomotility in human pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To find out if estrogen, progesterone and the hormonal complex of pregnancy decrease colon myoelectric activity. METHODS: The study was performed in 37 healthy female rats in which ...
Shen Y - - 2008
Flos Magnoliae (FM, Chinese name: Xin-yi) is one of the most commonly used Chinese medicinal herbs. It has a long history of clinical use for managing rhinitis, sinusitis and headache. More than 20 different FM species have been used clinically, which makes species identification and evaluation of pharmacological effects of ...
Nishizawa Yoshiki - - 2008
Among the isotypes of serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP), only type 5b (TRACP-5b) is derived from osteoclasts, and it is necessary to develop an assay specific for this TRACP-5b for evaluation of osteoclastic activity. Recently, a novel assay system for TRACP-5b called the fragments absorbed immunocapture enzymatic assay (FAICEA) has ...
Sanders Sarah G - - 2008
Over the past few years the benefits of exercise during pregnancy have become appreciated. Much attention has been given to common forms of exercise, such as aerobic dance, swimming, cycling and running. The effects of professional and recreational dance during pregnancy, such as ballet or flamenco, for example, have not ...
Matthiessen Jeppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Danish Physical Activity Questionnaire (DPAQ) estimating physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and physical activity level (PAL) and the pattern of physical activity (including health-related physical activity) with measurements from a validated position and motion instrument (ActiReg). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight healthy Danish volunteers aged 20-59 ...
Zhang Wenli - - 2008
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) is an essential precursor of peptidoglycan and the rhamnose-GlcNAc linker region of mycobacterial cell wall. In Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv genome, Rv1018c shows strong homology to the GlmU protein involved in the formation of UDP-GlcNAc from other bacteria. GlmU is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes two sequential steps in ...
Habte Habtom H - - 2008
The female reproductive tract is amongst the main routes for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission. Cervical mucus however is known to protect the female reproductive tract from bacterial invasion and fluid loss and regulates and facilitates sperm transport to the upper reproductive tract. The purpose of this study was to ...
de Andrade Camila Marques - - 2007
Clinical observation shows pregnant women under antiretroviral therapy present bleeding episodes at delivery, although this therapy promotes a decrease in fibrinolysis in nonpregnant patients, suggesting a prothrombotic state in the former. Since these drugs provoke hepatic disorders, they can cause bleeding disturbances. We investigated effects of antiretroviral therapy on hemostasis ...
Zanchi Jaksa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Impaired activity of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) has been suggested as a risk factor in cataractogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the G6PD activity level in 89 male subjects of Dalmatian origin with idiopathic presenile cataracts. METHODS: G6PD activity was determined by a quantitative spectrophotometric ...
Scher Mark S - - 2007
Two maternal-fetal case presentations illustrate the possible association of active maternal ulcerative colitis during pregnancy and fetal brain injury resulting in long-term neurological sequelae. Thromboembolic complications may occur in the fetus based on similar mechanisms for stroke in children and adults with active inflammatory bowel disease. Identification of thrombophilia in ...
Ozeki K - - 2008
This study describes the adsorptive property of vitamins on HA and the effect of the HA adsorbed vitamin on the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity for effective use as a bone graft substitute. The vitamins used were calciferol (D3), menaquirone (K2) and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D3). These vitamins were adsorbed on HA at ...
Mahieu Boris - - 2007
Influence of changes in levels of coagulation factors and anticoagulants on acquired activated protein C (APC) resistance were studied in 40 healthy women during normal pregnancy. Factor VIII (FVIII), von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF:Ag), free protein S (FPS) and protein C were determined at 5-13, 14-26 and 27-40 weeks gestation ...
Pumbwe Lilian - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the potential of active compounds (ACs) present in commonly used analgesics/antiseptics and cleaning agents (detergents and disinfectants) to induce multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) in Bacteroides fragilis. METHODS: B. fragilis ATCC 25285 untreated or pretreated with sublethal concentrations of ACs (n = 25) was grown for 12 h. ...
Greene Wendy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trauma complicates 6% to 7% of all pregnancies. Adverse outcomes are rare when monitoring is normal and early warning signs absent. Trauma systems often use pregnancy as the sole criterion (PSC) for partial trauma team activation. This study compares outcomes of pregnant patients presenting with PSC versus other physiologic, ...
Watson Patricia E - - 2007
Activity during pregnancy has health implications for mother and child. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to examine changes in activity levels during pregnancy; the influence of socioeconomic factors and well-being on activity, and the influence of activity on maternal anthropometric measures and birth outcome. Twenty-four hour activity ...
Kayedi M H - - 2007
The present study evaluated the efficacy and wash resistance of three types of commercial, deltamethrin-treated nets (PermaNet, Yorkool and A-Z nets) - that their manufacturers claimed to be long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) - and those of nets conventionally treated with deltamethrin, at either 23-27 mg/m(2) (using one K-O Tab tablet/net) ...
Perales Mariano - - 2007
Circadian clocks rhythmically coordinate biological processes in resonance with the environmental cycle. The clock function relies on negative feedback loops that generate 24-h rhythms in multiple outputs. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the clock component TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION1 (TOC1) integrates the environmental information to coordinate circadian responses. Here, we use chromatin ...
Feys Hendrik B - - 2007
The plasma metalloprotease ADAMTS13 (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease with ThromboSpondin type 1 motif 13) cleaves prothrombotic ultralarge multimers of the platelet-adhesive protein von Willebrand factor (ULVWF) into less active multimers that promote haemostasis in injured blood vessels. When the enzyme is dysfunctional or undetectable, circulating ULVWF may cause massive intravascular ...
Sims Steven R - - 2007
Sixteen linear ethoxylated alcohol surfactants (AEOs) were studied to determine their contact insecticidal activity to adult German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Blattodea: Blattellidae). Within groups of AEOs of equal carbon chain length, insecticidal activity, measured as LT50 values (in minutes) and 24-h mortality after treatment, was inversely related to the ...
Javitt Norman B - - 2007
Recent findings extend the biologic activities of oxysterols as ligands for nuclear receptors to a role in morphogenesis during fetal development and to a role in the metabolism of photooxidation products of cholesterol in the retina. A 1000-fold increase of the 27-hydroxy metabolite of 7-dehydrocholesterol in the plasma of children ...
Kiss Emese - - 2007
Excessive lipid peroxidation is a major factor of accelerated atherosclerosis, observed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed at the present study to determine the paraoxonasel (PON1) and arylesterase activities, and lipid-profile in 37 SLE patients and 30 age-/sex-matched controls. Association was analyzed between PON1 activity and SLEDAI, ...
Kurasawa Gotaro - - 2007
We investigated the serial changes in blood protein S (PS) and related proteins in 11 normal pregnant women. The PS activity decreased significantly in the third trimester and reached minimum levels (23.3%) one hour after delivery. Although the PS activity was reduced markedly below the normal limits, all the women ...
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