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Results 301 - 350 of 1192
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Ochiai Noriaki - - 2007
Bifenazate is a novel carbazate acaricide discovered by Uniroyal Chemical (now Chemtura Corporation) for the control of phytophagous mites infesting agricultural and ornamental crops. Its acaricidal activity and that of its principal active metabolite, diazene, were characterized. Bifenazate and diazene had high toxicity and specificity both orally and topically to ...
Rezavand N - - 2006
Burn injury is rare during pregnancy. However, severe burn injury during pregnancy is very dangerous for both mother and foetus. Maternal and foetal outcome depends on the mother's total body surface area (TBSA) burned. In women with more than 50% TBSA burned, foetal and maternal complications are considerable. Our study ...
Lübbe Andrea Nicola - - 2006
The ongoing interest in very efficient systems for the imitation of cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenase reactions, consisting of metalloporphyrin and oxygen donor, prompted us to develop a method to compare the catalytic activity of soluble metalloporphyrins with those which have been immobilised on different silica surfaces. In this article, we describe ...
Holness Mark J - - 2006
We evaluated the impact of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha activation and dexamethasone treatment on islet adaptations to the distinct metabolic challenges of fasting and pregnancy, situations where lipid handling is modified to conserve glucose. PPARalpha activation (24 h) in vivo did not affect glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in nonpregnant female ...
Uematsu H - - 2006
Slackia exigua ATCC 700122(T) and Cryptobacterium curtum ATCC 700683(T) were our isolates from infected root canal and human periodontal pocket, respectively; they are asaccharolytic anaerobic gram-positive rods, which are predominant in the oral cavity. They utilize arginine, so our aim was to investigate the pathway of arginine degradation. Metabolic end ...
van de Geijn F E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with changes in the immune system. Although previous studies have focussed mainly on adaptive immunity, there are indications that components of innate immunity, such as mannose-binding lectin (MBL), are associated with pregnancy outcome. Although this would suggest that pregnancy also involves adaptations in innate immunity, there ...
Oken Emily - - 2006
To investigate associations of physical activity and television viewing before and during pregnancy with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and abnormal glucose tolerance, the combination of GDM with less severe impaired glucose tolerance. We assessed duration and intensity of physical activity and time spent viewing television both before and ...
Wang Youxue - - 2006
Fluid and HCO(3)(-) secretion are vital functions of the pancreatic duct and other secretory epithelia. CFTR and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange activity at the luminal membrane are required for these functions. The molecular identity of the Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchangers and their relationship with CFTR in determining fluid and HCO(3)(-) secretion are not known. ...
Kil Jonathan - - 2007
Previous studies indicate that noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) involves a decrease in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and a subsequent loss of outer hair cells (OHC). However, the cellular localization of this GPx decrease and the link to OHC loss are still poorly understood. In this report, we examined the ...
Schmidt Michael D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Participation in physical activity during pregnancy may reduce the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia and help prevent excess maternal weight gain. However, studies describing patterns and correlates of activity during pregnancy are sparse. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe total physical activity (household/caregiving, occupational, ...
Manjunatha Ujjini H - - 2006
Leprosy responds very slowly to the current multidrug therapy, and hence there is a need for novel drugs with potent bactericidal activity. PA-824 is a 4-nitroimidazo-oxazine that is currently undergoing phase I clinical trials for the treatment of tuberculosis. The activity of PA-824 against Mycobacterium leprae was tested and compared ...
Wang Xueyong - - 2006
It has been shown previously in a number of systems that after an extended block of activity, synaptic strength is increased. We found that an extended block of synaptic activity at the mouse neuromuscular junction, using a tetrodotoxin cuff in vivo, increased synaptic strength by prolonging the evoked endplate current ...
Magnusson-Olsson A L - - 2006
The fetal demand for FFA increases as gestation proceeds, and LPL represents one potential mechanism for increasing placental lipid transport. We examined LPL activity and protein expression in first trimester and term human placenta. The LPL activity was 3-fold higher in term (n = 7; P < 0.05) compared with ...
Sakurada Koichi - - 2006
Pralidoxime iodide (2-PAM), an antidote approved for the reactivation of inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in organophosphate poisoning, dose-dependently hydrolyzed an acetylthiocholine iodide (ASCh). The AChE (0.3 U) activity inhibited by VX analog (ENMP, 0.1 microM) increased to approximately 200% of normal levels after a dosage of 5 mM 2-PAM (control 0.132+/-0.012 ...
McEvoy S P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence and effects of distracting activities while driving. DESIGN: Cross sectional driver survey. SETTING: New South Wales and Western Australia, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 1347 licensed drivers aged between 18 and 65 years. Data were weighted to reflect the corresponding driving population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of distracting ...
Biri Aydan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Miscarriage (early pregnancy failure) is a pregnancy-related disease, the pathophysiology of which is still not completely understood. Lipid peroxidation and alterations in antioxidant enzyme activities may be of importance in the pathogenesis of this disorder. This study was planned to investigate the possible relation between free radical scavenging enzyme ...
Derbyshire Emma - - 2006
Few studies appear to have investigated the prevalence of constipation for all three trimesters of the gestative period, or indeed after birth. Using a prospective 4- to 7-day weighed food diary, International Physical Activity Questionnaire and 7-day bowel habit diary, dietary factors, physical activity levels and bowel habit parameters were ...
Nash James A - - 2006
Lysozyme is an abundant, cationic antimicrobial protein that plays an important role in pulmonary host defense. Increased concentration of lysozyme in the airspaces of transgenic mice enhanced bacterial killing whereas lysozyme deficiency resulted in increased bacterial burden and morbidity. Lysozyme degrades peptidoglycan in the bacterial cell wall leading to rapid ...
Yamada Kazuhiro - - 2006
Sustained activity of mammalian methionine synthase (MS) requires MS reductase (MSR), but there have been few studies of the interactions between these two proteins. In this study, recombinant human MS (hMS) and MSR (hMSR) were expressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells and purified to homogeneity. hMSR maintained hMS activity at a ...
Kindzelskii Andrei L - - 2006
Pregnancy is a unique immunological state. Pregnancy neutrophils differ from those of non-pregnant women as they cannot be fully activated for oxidant production, but yet have higher levels of unstimulated oxidant production. Although reduced activation is due to decreased hexose monophosphate shunt activity, the mechanism enhancing basal oxidant levels is ...
Freeman David A - - 2006
The role of the intergeniculate leaflet of the thalamus (IGL) in photoperiod responsiveness was examined in a laboratory-selected line of photoperiod nonresponsive (NR) Siberian hamsters. NR hamsters fail to exhibit typical winter-type responses (i.e., gonadal regression and development of winter-type pelage) when exposed to short day lengths (e.g., 10 h ...
al Kandari Hessa - - 2006
CONTEXT: The cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme catalyzes the conversion of cholesterol to pregnanalone in the first step of steroidogenic pathways. Defective enzyme activity leads to the deficiency of all steroid hormones, including progesterone, which is essential to sustain term pregnancy. RESULTS: We report a homozygous point mutation in the CYP11A1 ...
Zaga-Clavellina Verónica - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the secretions of zymogen and active forms of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-2 and their specific inhibitors, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 by fetal membranes stimulated with group B Streptoccocci (GBS). METHODS: We used an in vitro experimental model that allowed us to estimate the individual contribution of ...
Coolman Marianne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Haemostasis is a complex balance of activating and inhibitory pathways resulting in coagulation and lysis. Normal pregnancy is associated with hypercoagulation that is even more profound in complicated pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of the plasminogen-activator system in complicated pregnancy with regard to haemostasis, it is essential to ...
Mo Qianxing - - 2006
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a multi-functional steroid that has been implicated in a broad range of biological effects in humans and rodents. Recent studies demonstrated that DHEA acts genomically through the androgen receptor (AR) in addition to its well-known effects on cell surface receptors. However, the relative contribution of DHEA and ...
Sarkar Mohan - - 2006
UDP-GlcNAc:alpha3-D-mannoside beta1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (encoded by Mgat1) controls the synthesis of hybrid, complex, and paucimannose N-glycans. Mice make hybrid and complex N-glycans but little or no paucimannose N-glycans. In contrast, Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans make paucimannose N-glycans but little or no hybrid or complex N-glycans. To determine the functional requirement ...
Rousham E K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Research on the impact of maternal physical activity on pregnancy outcomes has often employed subjective measures of physical activity obtained by diary or questionnaire. This study investigates the feasibility of using accelerometry as an objective measure of physical activity of pregnant women compared with subjective data obtained via activity ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2006
We assessed whether hypofibrinolytic plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1 activity) showed an independent association with first-trimester miscarriage in the 430 women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who had previous pregnancies (from a cohort of 967 women with PCOS). Prospectively, we hypothesized that Glucophage (Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ) promotes successful live ...
Huang Ji-Biao - - 2006
To better understand the mechanisms of metabolic microcompartmentalization associated with neutrophil hexose monophosphate shunt activity during pregnancy, we have studied the intracellular trafficking of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDase). Microtubule motor proteins colocalize with G6PDase. Dynein inhibitors block G6PDase accumulation at the microtubule-organizing center in pregnancy cells. On this basis, we conclude ...
Guo Yuanqiang - - 2006
Three novel three-membered ring sesquiterpenoids, named kissoone A (1), kissoone B (2), and its acetylated product, kissoone C (3), were isolated from the roots of Valeriana fauriei. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 2 and 3 showed enhancing activity on nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite ...
Williams James M - - 2006
The present study tests the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia enhances reactivity to nitric oxide (NO) through age-dependent increases in soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) and protein kinase G (PKG) activity. In term fetal and adult ovine carotids, chronic hypoxia had no significant effect on mRNA levels for the beta1-subunit of sGC, ...
Jones Gavin O - - 2006
The activation enthalpies for the reactions of cyclopentadiene with ethylene, acrylonitrile, fumaronitrile, maleonitrile, vinylidene cyanide, tricyanoethylene, and tetracyanoethylene have been computed with the Hartree-Fock quantum mechanical method and a variety of density functionals (B3LYP, BPW91, and MPW1K) and compared to classic experimental data obtained by Sauer, Wiest, and Mielert (Chem. ...
Lof Marie - - 2006
Human pregnancy is associated with increased requirements for dietary energy and this increase may be partly offset by reductions in physical activity during gestation. Studies in well-nourished women have shown that the physical activity level (PAL), obtained as the total energy expenditure (TEE) divided by the BMR, decreases in late ...
Ganjam V K - - 2006
Endometrial periglandular fibrosis (EPF) contributes to embryonic and fetal loss in mares. Equine EPF correlates inversely with conception and successful gestation. In the modified Kenney endometrial biopsy classification system, EPF categories I, IIA, IIB, and III correspond to minimal, mild, moderate, and severe fibrosis (+/-inflammation), respectively. Paraffin sections of biopsy ...
Schmidt Michael D - - 2006
PURPOSE: Participation in physical activity during pregnancy may reduce the risk of maternal and fetal disorders. However, few studies have validated physical activity questionnaires for use during pregnancy, a time characterized by different patterns of activity than nonpregnancy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the validity and ...
Satomura A - - 2006
A patient suffering from severe haemophilia B with factor IX inhibitor developed steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. As a result of switching to activated anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (activated prothrombin complex concentrate) agent, FEIBA, bleeding was controlled and internal shunt placement was successful, leading to control of bleeding during extracorporeal ultrafiltration (ECU) therapy. ...
Poudevigne Mélanie S - - 2006
Regular physical activity contributes positively to physical and psychological health. Adverse consequences of inactivity may be an especially important problem among pregnant women. Up to 60% are inactive during pregnancy. This review found consistent evidence that physical activity is reduced during pregnancy; however, few investigators have sought to quantify physical ...
Barr Peter - - 2006
AIMS: The present longitudinal study sought to explore the relationship between parental grief following perinatal bereavement and subsequent pregnancy, according to the particular facets of grief and pregnancy state being considered. METHOD: The study participants were 63 couples who had been bereaved by stillbirth (n = 31) or neonatal death ...
Falany Josie L - - 2006
Raloxifene and 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) are important estrogen-related drugs used in the treatment of osteoporosis and breast cancer. Sulfation is involved in the metabolism and inactivation of both compounds in human tissues, although the sulfotransferase (SULT) isoforms involved in their conjugation have not been well described. The ability of seven expressed ...
Zhang Li - - 2006
Extensive intestinal glucuronidation has been previously reported in both human and animals after oral administration of naturally occurred flavonoids. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between human intestinal glucuronidation activity and the position of hydroxyl substitution on flavonoids. Seven commercially available mono-hydroxyflavones (HF), namely 3-, 5-, 6-, 7-, ...
Rudra Carole B - - 2005
PURPOSE: Studies have shown that absolute intensity of physical activity is associated with reduced risk of preeclampsia. This analysis was performed to examine whether relative intensity may also be related to preeclampsia risk. METHODS: Using data from a case-control study conducted from 1998 to 2002, the authors assessed the relation ...
Barile Elisa - - 2005
A phytochemical study of Allium hirtifolium Boiss flowers has led to the isolation of high amounts of six new furostanol and spirostanol saponins, named hirtifoliosides A1/A2 (1a/ 1b), B (2), C1/C2 ( 3a/ 3b), and D(4) along with three known spirostanol saponins, alliogenin 3- O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, gitogenin 3- O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)- O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and ...
Pasqualini J R - - 2005
Human fetal and placental compartments have all the enzymatic systems necessary to produce steroid hormones. However, their activities are different and complementary: the fetus is very active in converting acetate into cholesterol, in transforming pregnanes to androstanes, various hydroxylases, sulfotransferases, whilst all these transformations are absent or very limited in ...
Sísa Miroslav - - 2005
New androstane brassinosteroids with 17beta-ester groups - butyrates, heptafluorobutyrates, and laurates (4-18) - were prepared. Brassinolide activity was evaluated using both the bean second internode bioassay and the rice lamina inclination test. Brassinosteroid 16 was found to be the most active by the bean second internode bioassay. This activity in ...
Tanjung M Thamrin - - 2005
Coagulation and fibrinolysis were determined in 67 Indonesian women admitted to the University Hospitals for delivery in Medan. They were diagnosed to be at term gestation (mean 39.3 +/- 1.1 weeks) with moderate and severe preeclampsia (n=32) and in labor, and 8 had preterm labor (gestation mean 33.5 +/- 2.6 ...
WilczyƄski Jacek R - - 2005
For years conception of Th2 overbalance during pregnancy has been a paradigm for immunology of reproduction, while Th1 activity has been presented as unwanted component. Studies concerning Th1/Th2 balance in physiological and complicated pregnancy have been reviewed. Th1 activity during early peri-implantation period, premature and term labour not only accompanies ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2005
We hypothesized that the thrombophilic G1691A factor V Leiden gene mutation was a common significant cause of sporadic first trimester miscarriage. We compared thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis in 92 women (85 white, 5 black, 2 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 1 miscarriage (143 live births, 92 miscarriages) (cases) and ...
Gil Esteban - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The morphological and biochemical aspects of the pineal gland of pregnant and non-pregnant female vizcachas were investigated to examine whether there is a relationship between the pregnancy and this gland. METHODS: Pregnant and non-pregnant adult female vizcachas were used. The ultrastructure of type I cell (dark and light pinealocytes) ...
Mayr A - - 2005
In this study we investigated whether the direct interaction between Candida albicans CBS 5982 and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) alters candidial virulence. Hyphae elongation, phospholipase activity and the production of secreted aspartyl proteinases (Saps) following 5-HT treatment were investigated. 5-HT treatment of C. albicans significantly (P < 0.05) affected hyphal extension, phospholipase ...
Kanade A N - - 2005
To develop an activity questionnaire for objective and rapid assessment of maternal habitual physical activity with the aim of describing its relationship with birth size. Prospective observational study. Six villages near Pune, Maharashtra, India. Seven hundred and ninety-seven rural Indian mothers were studied after excluding abortions and termination of pregnancies, ...
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